Heritage, Volume 11, Number 3, Summer 1993 Page: 24
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Homolovi II: Archaeology
of an Ancestral Hopi
E. Charles Adams and Kelly Ann Hays,
editors. Anthropological Papers of the University
of Arizona, Number 55. University of
Arizona Press, Tucson, 1991. xi + 133 pp.,
Review by David Hill, a professional archaeologist
who works in the Southwest and specializes
in ceramic studies.
This monograph presents the findings
of excavations conducted in 1984 as part of
the interpretive program for Homolovi
State Park located approximately six miles
northeast of Winslow, Arizona.
Homol'ovi II is the largest of six large
13th and 14th century pueblos located
within the park area with 700+ rooms
outlining three plazas. These ruins also
play a role in the oral histories of several
Hopi clans. The name, Homol'ovi, derived
from Hopi, means "Place of Buttes,"
specifically referring to several buttes surrounding
The first chapter presents an overview
of regional prehistory based on an archaeological
inventory and limited excavation
within the park and other work in
the Winslow and Little Colorado areas.
This chapter also presents the research
methods that directed the fieldwork described
in the second chapter. These data
recovery methods included both limited
excavation and a systematic surface collection.
Chapter 2, by John H. Madsen and
Kelly Ann Hayes, presents the results of
the excavation conducted of five adjacent
rooms and an exterior activity area. As the
Homol'ovi sites are easily accessible, they
have been subjected to extensive looting
and casual collection. All of the rooms
showed evidence of pot-hunting, yet intact
floor features and assemblages were recovered
from at least part of each room.
Chapter 3, by Kelly Hayes, begins the
24 HERITAGE * SUMMER 1993
analysis of materials recovered during the
excavation and surface collection with the
ceramic analysis. Analysis of the ceramics
focused on typology for temporal control
and the recognition of locally produced
versus imported ceramics as based on technological
studies such as petrography and
neutron activation analysis. It was found
that while the majority of the utility ware
and Winslow Orange Ware were produced
locally, the majority of the decorated ceramics
were derived from the Hopi Mesas.
Chapter 4, by Patricia L. Crown and
Ronald L. Bishop, presents data from an
ongoing research program examining the
sources of production of Gila Polychrome,
a ceramic type found throughout much of
the northern southwest during the 14th
century using Instrumental Neutron Activation
Chapter 5, by Lee Fratt, presents the
Ground Stone analysis. Unlike most such
analysis that often consists of simple measurements
and comparisons with other
assemblages, this one was based on extensive
experimental production and use of
ground stone tools to establish functional
Chapter 6, Alan P. Sullivan and John
H. Madsen, focuses on the chipped stone
assemblage. Due to the abundance of the
material only a sample of the surface collection
was analyzed. Lithic technology
was dominated by flake production from
materials derived from the terraces of the
Chapters 7 and 8 describe the botanical
remains, consisting of both pollen (Suzanne
K. Fish) and flotation (Charles H.
Miksicek), recovered from the features in
the rooms and exterior work area. Corn
was almost ubiquitous throughout the
deposits, including a large amount from
the remains of a burned room that had
been cleaned out and dumped in the exterior
activity area. Cotton, along with
edible wild plants, was also recovered.
Chapter 8 (Christine R. Szuter) presents
a short description of the faunal remains,
mostly representing locally available
Sharon Urban presents in Chapter 9
the limited shell assemblage. Shells from
the Gulf of California, thought to have
been introduced through trade with the
Hohokam, and mussels from the Little
Colorado River adjacent to the site were
Chapter 10, by E. Charles Adams, presents
a synthesis of the research conducted
at Homol'ovi II highlighting the evidence
for extensive trade in Hopi yellow ware that
completely replaced the locally produced
decorated ceramics. The distribution of
Hopi yellow wares at the site suggests equal
access to these vessels. Cotton may have
been the item exchanged for the Hopi ceramics.
Future research in understanding
the evolution of the local settlement system
is also outlined. Unfortunately this section
is too short and almost appears as an afterthought
as is a short discussion of the relationship
of the Katsina Cult to social integration
of the large communities.
Kelly Hayes presents an appendix of
miscellaneous artifacts that did not fall into
Scholars interested in the formation of
large 14th century communities in the
southwest will be interested in this volume.
The ceramic chapter provides new descriptions
of several pottery types that were
previously described in now out-of-print
volumes as well as the description of new
types. Lee Fratt's chapter on ground stone
artifacts will probably appeal to archaeologists
everywhere since it provides a methodology
for the analysis of a usually intractable
class of artifacts. We can look forward
to future research from the Homol'ovi Research
The Cheyenne and Arapaho
Ordeal: Reservation and
Agency Life in the Indian
DonaldJ. Berthrong, University of Oklahoma
Press, Norman, Oklahoma [19761.
Review by R.B. Brown, a research professor
for the Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e
Historia and caretaker of Paquime in Casas
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