Heritage, Volume 11, Number 3, Summer 1993 Page: 27
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In July of 1879, Juh appeared at Casas
Grandes, Chihuahua, to arrange a peace
with Governor Angel Trias Ochoa, who in
turn organized the local citizenry to donate
food and blankets. However, in the fall,
Juh, together with Victorio, began to raid
southern New Mexico, overrunning a
number of wagon trains. Unable to evade
the U.S. Army, they retired into Mexico
where they were put under siege by the
U.S. Army. However, the U.S. troops were
unable to dislodge them from their defensive
position. After this battle the Apaches
retreated to the Sierra Candelaria where
they were unsuccessfully attacked by irregulars
from the nearby town of Carrizal
[Gillett, 1976, Six Years With the Texas
Rangers: 1875-1881]. Toward the end of
the year, evidently content with their booty,
Juh and Geronimo sued for peace and retired
to the San Carlos Reservation for the
winter. Victorio stayed on the war path
until his death at Tres Castillos in 1880.
In the second week of October of 1881,
Juh and about 100 followers broke out of
the San Carlos Reservation and made for
the Mexican border. Although closely
followed by and persecuted by the U.S.
Army, they made it across the line. All
throughout the winter they sent appeals to
those who had elected to stay on the reservation
to join them in the hills of northern
Mexico. Even though the U.S. Army was
forewarned of the outbreak, when it came
they were unable to contain it. To paraphrase
Thrapp: Juh slipped a rag-tag band
of at least 200 or 300 people, afoot or poorly
mounted, through the army's defenses to
relative safety south of the border.
By March of 1882, this band had moved
from Sonora across the Sierra Madre into
Chihuahua and taken up residence in the
area around Janos and Corralitos. Juh with
about 100 braves slipped back to San Carlos
to lead another outbreak. Vigorously, the
U.S. Army followed the fleeing Apaches
and drew them into fights at the Old Horse
Shoe Canyon and then the Sierra Enmedio.
Retiring from the Battle of the Sierra
Enmedio the Apaches fell into a trap set by
Colonel Lorenzo Garcia of the VI Mexican
Infantry. This battle left about 80 Apaches
dead and gave the Mexicans at least 15
Evidently, after this battle, Juh and
Geronimo retreated to their mountain top
redoubt before setting up camp south of
Casas Grandes on the Rio San Miguel. In
a familiar pattern, a local peace ensued
and a binge began. After a couple of days,
the Mexicans slew those Apaches unable
to defend themselves while those who
could retreated to their mountain top
On November 13, 1882, Juh raided
Galeana. He sent two decoys into town to
steal a couple of horses. The locals, lead by
a veteran Indian fighter by the name of
Juan Mata Ortiz, gave chase only to find
themselves drawn into an ambush that
resulted in 21 dead. At least one Mexican
escaped to sound the alarm and continue
Soon thereafter, Juh and his followers
again retreated to the protection provided
by their mountain tip redoubt never to be
dislodged. Even Crooks' 1883 campaign
did not force them out.
According to Thrapp, Juh's death was
prosaic. Juh went into Casas Grandes for
supplies and got so drunk that on the way
back to camp he fell off his horse and broke
Thrapp's book provides a brief and
highly readable biography of one of the
most dramatic characters of the western
HERITAGE * SUMMER 1993 27
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 11, Number 3, Summer 1993, periodical, Summer 1993; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45416/m1/27/: accessed May 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.