Heritage, Volume 8, Number 1, Winter 1990 Page: 25
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warmed, that shrivelled their range, or was
it paleo-man hunting migratory megafauna
south along the North American
cordillera from the Bering land bridge?
This is the second printing in a paperback
edition of the 1984 classic. It is an intriguing
book for the layman and an important
sourcebook for the specialist.
Views from the Apache
Frontier: Report on the
Northern Provinces of
New Spain, by Jose
Cortes, Lieutenant in
the Royal Corps of
Elizabeth A.H. John, Editor, John Wheat, Translator,
University of Oklahoma Press.
The written account of native America
is sketchy and colored by the biases of early
explorers. Any new document that adds
detail and perspective is welcome, but new
discoveries are few and far between. Spanish
archives have been particularly problematical
as official collections have been
looted by private collectors, and much of
the archival record in Northern Mexico is
still unknown. However, the diligence of
researchers often uncovers bonanzas, such
as this discovery in the British Museum by
editor Elizabeth John. As she notes in a
preface, a remnant of the report had been
preserved in a congressional report from
1856. Nonetheless, the complete document
adds fresh detail of Apache customs
and additional geographic material.
By the middle of the 18th century the
Apacherfa included much of the interior of
northern Mexico. What Jose Cortes observed
in 1799 was the result of over 150
years of Spanish intrusion and the disruption
of earlier lifeways. His is an account of
a native landscape in transition. View from
the Apache Frontier adds new material for
anthropological and historical studies, and
will hopefully spark interest among general
readers. A wider audience in turn will
stimulate publishers to develop more quality
efforts like this.
John Peterson is a professional archaeologist
who works in Texas and the Southwest. In his
peripatetic career he has been farmer, museum
director, and free-lance writer.
Two Glass Buttons:
A Story of the Texas
Marguerite Starr Crain, Illustrations by Leslie
D'Allesandro Hill. B.J. Pevehouse Publication
Fund, Nita Stewart Haley Memorial Library,
Midland, Texas, 1988.
Reviewed by Peter W. Nichols,
I am sure that all "true Texans" have a
pretty good understanding of the events
that took place between March 6, 1836the
fall of the Alamo-and April 21, 1836the
Battle of San Jacinto. We know about
the movement of troops; and we know how
the Texans under the command of Sam
Houston retreated and eluded the Mexican
armies commanded by Santa Anna until,
in one of the most decisive battles fought,
the independence of Texas was ensured.
This is old hat, especially to those of us who
learned our Texas history western movies.
Two Glass Buttons tells the story of the
families of the men who were away fighting
the Mexicans. It is based on the memoirs of
Clarinda Pevehouse Kegans. As a girl of
thirteen, she fled with her family from their
home on Oyster Creek to the Sabine River.
The wartime ordeals of the civilians are
brought vividly home in this story-separation
from fathers, brothers, husbands,
beaux, personal keepsakes and treasures
lost, hardships endured, and fear of any approaching
horseman. The Battle of San
Jacinto could be heard in the distancewhat
was the outcome? Who was killed?
Who was wounded? Are we now at the
mercy of Santa Anna? Will we be able to
return home? These are questions that
went through the minds of Clarinda and
Although this book would probably be
classified as a "young people's" book, I
found it very interesting and recommend it
to anyone who wants added insights about
this of Texas history. It is solidly researched
and has excellent references and notes for
those who want to know the primary sources
that were consulted.
The black and white illustrations of
Leslie D'Allesandro Hill are simple,
straightforward, and in keeping with the
flavor of the book.
Peter W. Nichols is author of a series of
archaeological books for young readers published
by teh Eakin Press.
HERITAGE * WINTER 1990 25
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 8, Number 1, Winter 1990, periodical, Winter 1990; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth45426/m1/25/: accessed April 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.