The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 243, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 30, 1882 Page: 2 of 4

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SppSgpFS?®
<59*
a. h. belo & co., Publishers.
cijrcu latjlox equal
TO THAT OF ALL
the other daily press
OF THE STATE CO MBT VTD.
Saturday, December SO, 1SS2.
The doctors reported Gambetta's improve-
ment so often and so vaguely that a sad case of
pyemia was suspected. The latest report shows
that the trouble is serious. The doctors are
now talking of cutting Gambetta's stomach
open in order to remove an abscess.
All acid fruits and vegetables, usually put
up in cans, ought to be put up in glass or
earthenware jars on account of the fact that
the acids combine with metal and form a
poison. A death was reported in New York a
few days ago from eating canned vegetables.
The chief signal officer. General Hazen, has
undertaken to refute the reasonings of the
Canadian storm prophet, Mr. Wiggins. He
says the track of Mr. Wiggins's storm for next
March would be an exception to the usual laws
of storms. He thinks that the assertion of
planetary influence smacks of astrology..
Mr. George argues that peasant proprietor-
ship will not help the agricultural laborers,
the artisans and the people generally of the
Irish cities. The reason why many landlords
who fear nationalization would willingly
indorse peasant proprietorship is that tho small
owners would then become a bodyguard for
them.
The London Times correspondent at Brussels
says that the brothers Armand and Leon
Peltzer, who were sentenced to death for mur-
dering M. Bernays, are certain not to be exe-
cuted, as death sentences in Belgium are
commuted. The Peitzers will api>eal against
the verdict on the ground of informality in the
form of procedure.
At Chicago the West Division Street Rail-
way company are seriously considering the
idea of running their ears by electricity.
Elmer A. Sporey, of'Cort land, N. Y., is the
projector of the system. Jt is understood that
the electricity as applied will, besides running
the cars, furnish light therefor, and will light
the track for a third of a mile ahead of the
car.
Ax old English lady who makes herself up
to look young, wears fals1 pars. She says that
ears readily show gas of age Hers are
white, because bloodless, j ao artificial 4iars
with which she covers them are tinted. Upon
this subject a society writer v arus ladies if
the}* will use carmine 011 their faces they ought
to put some on their ears too, instead of the
death-like white powder.
The relations between Germany, Austria
and Russia are cordial and Russia has gathered
al>out Tu.000 or >«„»,; troops on the Asiatic
frontier of Turkey, and the Austrian war office
is busy, it has just approver! and adopted a
land torpedo invented bv LieutenantZubowits,
who some time ago rode on horseback from Vi-
enna to Paris. It is said ant in a quarter of
an hour sixty men can render the front of ait3r
position absolutely unassailable by placing a
few of the land torpedoes or artificial mines on
the ground.
A writer in the L >nion World, who does
club gossip, reports an impression that Baker
Pa^ha has been victimized. With the full
knowledge oi' the British government, the
khedive appointed him to reorganize the
Egyptian army, and 110 object! »n was raised
until he had fully matured hi:- plans, when,
with unexpected suddenness, Lord Granville
disclaimed all approval of the arrangement,
and, to the .indignant surprise of the parties
most immediately concerned, it necessarily
fell through.
The New York Herald h is a special from
Mexico city, stating that Mr. G. Tyng has
delivered to the Mer.'can government the for-
feited property of the Tehuantepec Railroad
company. The government pays the company
5il.< >25.000 for the road constructed, the rolling
stock, material, etc. One hundred and twenty -
five thousand dollars in Mexican silver are al-
ready paid, and of the balance > 4 )0,000 will be
paid in April, and $100,000 per month there-
after until the completion of the payment —
tlio future payments to be made in American
gold.
Judge Arxocx. ol New York, has decided
that the Jewish Sabbath is not recognized b_>
the code, and the mayor of the city refuses to
issue a license for the Passion Play. Such
rulings and actions smack of religious bigotry.
It is scarcely reasonable tc suppose that the
mayor is made a censor. Each person who
goes to see a play is a part of the public cen-
sorship of a free country. Where there is 110
patronage there is no play. 1 f the house- 01*
play is disorderly, there are laws and courts to
take action after the police shall have sum-
moned the offenders.
The Camden Post argues, in reply to a
North American Review critic, that though
newspaper men are open to the heinous charge
of trying to make money, ir is a singular and
striking fact that, while they draw their sup-
port from the public at large, they pander less
to the popular prejudice and are more gener-
ally in advance of popular sentiment than
members of most other professions, and are
always running counter to some popular fal-
lacy or breaking down some barrier reared by
vice and ignorancc, which even religious and
moral instructors are too conservative to cope
with.
Ijt consequence of a decision of the Supreme
Court that the lawful test of the saccharine
strength of sugar i_> the old-fashioned Dutch
color standard, and not the polariscope, the
government has to refund between $2,000,000
and $3,000,000 to sugar importers for excess of
duties charged. It is reported that one firm
recovers $900,000. The blunder of the treasury
department under ex-Seeretarj* John Sherman
cost the people many millions in the enhanced
price of sugar, for of course the importers and
domestic manufacturers made buyers pay for
the extra rate of a quarter or a half cent per
pound. Now the importers get their money
back, the domestic manufacturer.-: have had
the advantage of the extra protection, and
have put so much into their pockets, but the
public get no rebate.
According to the theory of the land nation-
alizes mines ought to belong to the State.
More than three-fourths of the yield of copper
in the United States is obtained in Michigan
and is what is called native copper—that is,
pure metal—requiring no treatment, such as
elsewhere cause a large proportion of the cost
of production. Yet, not content with al'owing
the owners of the land to monopolize the stores
of that metal which nature or providence
placed there, and to sell it to the public for what
they can get, the duty on imported copper is
2)>£c. a pound; thus the mine owners are actually
paid that much in addition to the price of cop-
per in the world's markets and the cost of im-
portation. Even this is not enough to satisfy
boss Hubbell, of Michigan. He wants to raise
the duty on copper to 3 cents a pound.
The trifling, bantering tone of leading
Eastern papers, if not wholly excusable, is
easily explained. The issues before the country
are few, remote from action, or worn with
long discussion. Congressional debates are thin
and trifling. The political parties are playing
for position, and counting on each other's
blunders. The capacity of the press for re-
porting and discussing events does not find
legitimate and full exercise in solid, interest-
ing and profitable matters. Yet the people
expect a prevailing flavor of politics in ed-
itorial columns. If the drama, art and science
were preferred, national politics might be
touched upon at present with more brevity
than seems to be agreeable to the conductors
of metropolitan newspapers, who, of course,
are presumed to study the wants, or at least
the habits, of their public. As writers find
that the merits of proposed measures have been
made quite clear, ar c still there is no present
progress in action, they unavoidably fall into
the vein -which now aarks the press. Monop-
olists who are stead iy serving their own pur-
poses, are doubtless content with their organs,
which, with rare tact, manage to keep the peo-
ple amused. It could be done almost as well
with selections, but the apptarance of moving
and wrestling with great problems must be
kept up.
The right of way conference committee met
again last night, and reached a conclusion to the
extent of adopting a motion, by a vote
of 7 to 4, outlining a route for the line
of the Santa Fe railroad from the west
to the east end of the island. The
proceedings of the committee are recorded
elsewhere, and therein will be found the route
proposed. It is believed that both a majority
and minority report will be presented to the
City Council, where the question must finally
be settled. If the veto of the mayor is sus-
tained that will prove an end for the time be-
ing at least to the avenue P route, in which
event it is presumable that right of way over
the route outlined by the conference commit-
tee yesterday will be asked by the Santa Fe.
As far as the conference committee is concern-
ed, its mission is now at an end, after deliver-
ing its report or reports. Time has been given
to think over and deliberate upon the question,
and the City Council can meet it as intelligently
now as it ever can. The necessities of the case
are manifest in the crowded condition of the
port's trade, and in the almost imperative re-
quirement that the Santa Fe be permitted to
reach its east end property for its own accom-
modation and that of the city at large.
The new banking law prepared by the
Mexican president by authority of Congress
is copied from the American law, with the
exception that, instead of government bonds
being deposited in the national treasury as
security, the bonds «>f railroads being con-
structed in Mexico which have paid interest
for the last year will be used. The banks con-
forming to this law will pay only the stamp
tax. Other taxes will be levied on banks not
conforming thereto.
In the beginning of the century, when the
British were attempting to wrest Spain and
Portugal from the grasp of Napoleon, they
had to lire C00 bullets from their smooth-bore,
flint-lock muskets for every Frenchman they
hit, and it was estimated that to kill a man
with that rude arm required the expenditure
of his weight iu lead. Lieutenant-colonel La-
zelle, a prize essayist, thus sums up the work
of the past two decades in improving the in-
fantry weapon:
In ac:s:rer*ate results of range, penetration, ac-
curacy and rapidity of fire, the gain of power in
small arms in the I:.st twenty years may be safely
asserted as eight fiuxes greater in accuracy, two-
thirds greater in range and penetration, and five
times greater in rapidity of aimed lire, while the
weight of cartridges per man has been diminished
and the number that may be carried increased.
Considering fcho relative areas of effective fire, eon-
sequent upon increased range, it will be found that
that of the modern breech-loader is thirty-two
times greater than that of the old smooth-bore,
and that the quantity of aimed fire is five times
greater.
The strides that have been taken in improv-
ing heavy guns are no less notable. The terri-
ble power of the 100-ton and 71-ton guns of
Italy and England is well known, but Krupp
makes guns of 9-inch caliber and IS tons weight
which send a ball through 30 inches of solid
iron, and some of his field guns can be depend-
ed ou at a range of more than a mile and a
half to put every projectile in a space less than
200 feet square.
GOOD FOR RAILROADS AND FOR THE
PUBLIC.
The class of railroad alarmists on the subject
of State or national control and supervision
might take comfort if they would from several
notable examples of railroad interests in sound
and safe condition and prospering reasonably
well under the policy which they so much
dread. Tios is the case in Massachusetts. It
is the case in Illinois. According to recent as-
surance;, it is eminently the case in Georgia.
In South Carolina it is proposed to copy in sub-
stauc-o the Georgia system, the principal feature
of which is a board of commissioners designed
to act as a sort of court of equity and arbitra-
tion between the railroads and the public. A
hill, modeled in its chief provisions after the
Georgia railroad law, was recently passed, af-
ter animated discussion, to a third reading in
the South Carolina House of Representatives
by a vote of 7 to 35. It appears that the ob
jections which this measure encountered in de-
bate were precisely similar to those which were
urged against the measure under which the
Georgia railroad commission was or-
ganized. This significant fact draws
some highly pertinent remarks from
the Atlanta Constitution. " The condition
of affairs in South Carolina," saj"s the Consti-
tution, so far as the relations between the
people and the railroads are concerned, is not
great! ." different from tha condition of affairs
in Georgia previous to the adoption of our
railroad law, and ir is not to be supposed that
the operations of the law will be greatly differ-
ent in its results. In Georgia there has been
110 undue friction. The railroads have not
been injured directly or indirectly. Their
earnings have steadily increased, and the vol-
ume of travel has been great!;.' augmented by
the reduction of passenger fares to an average
of three cents a mile. Foreign capital has not
been driven away, for there has been
more foreign capital invested iu Georgia
railroads since the organization of the com-
mission than was ever known in the history of
the State. Railroad development has not been
retarded, and, indeed, the interests of the cor-
porations have suffered in no particular.
While this is true, there has been a vast, saving
to the people in the shape of reduced rates and
the prevention of unjust discriminations." The
conservatism of railroad alarmists is not singu-
lar. Its analogies are scattered all through
the history of progress and reform iu the civil-
ized world. No salutary or necessary change
was ever accomplished in the interest of sub-
stantial justice or social safety without having
to overcome the opposition of some class con-
tending with morbid aud perhaps maniac con-
servatism for the maintenance of existing con-
ditions. I11 proportion as such conservatism
has been able anywhere to hold its ground
against peaceful and orderly reform
society has been afflicted with the
pernicious demagogue, the lawless revo-
lutionist, or the armed despot. Again
and again have the results of measures
belied the lugubrious predictions of conserva •
tive opponents. When the anti-corn law and
free trade policy triumphed in England there
were sturdy English conservatives who could
see nothing but general ruin in the prospect.
Iiut the inauguration of the policy was hot the
end of thing?. On the contrary, it averted
violent revolution, introduced an era of unpre -
cedented prosperity and proved the general
conservation of all that was most worth con-
serving. Likewise there were sturdy English
conservatives who saw the end of things in
every step that was taken in Catholic emanci-
pation and in the enlargement of the suffrage.
What would England have been at this mo-
ment had such conservatives always pre-
vailed in that country? Politically she would
have been scarcely further advanced than she
was in the days of the heptarchy. What
would Germany have been at this moment had
selfish or fanatical sticklers for maintaining
things as they were had their way ? A pitiable as-
sortment of petty principalities, incoherent and
jarring, potent only in organizing misery and
feebleness for each other, if not the helpless con-
quest of some neighboring power. Seeing, then,
how often and how signally conservative alarm-
ists have been controverted by events, it is not
unreasonable to discount the visions of dis-
aster conjured up by conservative alarmists
in railroad circles with respect to measures for
abating anarchy and confusion aud establish-
ing system and order in the railroad world
under some sort of public regulations. Some-
thing like this, it appears, has been done in
Georgia, and we have the testimony of a lead-
ing and very well-informed journal of that
State that no undue friction has been experi
enced, that the railroads have not been injured
either directly or indirectly, that railroad
business and profits have much increased, and
that " there has been more foreign capital in-
vested in Georgia railroads since the organiza-
tion of the commission than was ever known
in the history of the State." But Georgia is
but a fraction of the railroad world The
wisest and justest of railroad la^s for Geor-
gia, for Texas, or for any other State, could
only touch a small segment of the total rail-
road problem. This problem is continental,
enveloping all the States from the Atlantic to
the Pacific, from the gulf to the great lakes,
and only national authority is capable of
grasping it. The spirit of a wise conserva-
tism among railroad interests would be glad,
if possible, to hasten the day when they could
be assured of peace, regularity, stability, sub-
stantial justice under the sheltering as well as
moderating hand of that authority operating
over the whole extent of the country in a well
digested system of control and supervision.
SPECULATING IN LAND FUTURES.
A recent telegram from Austin, published in
The News, reports the lease of the Travis coun-
ty school lauds by the Commissioners Court for
S>£ cents an acre per annum, the lease being*
for ten years. The county had been offered
150,000 for the four leagues leased, which
amount, invested in G per cent, bonds of the
county, would have yielded $3000 per annum.
Instead of this tlje lease yields the county $1400
per annum. In ten years the Commissioners
Court believed that the lands would increase
in value more than enough to compensate for
the annual loss of $1000, the difference between
the rental and the interest in case of sale.
These lands may increase in value in the ratio
anticipated, and at the end of the lease be
worth $100,000 In the market, thus vindicating
the wisdom of the county officials. Yet who
is to say that if the lands were then leased
another ten years a corresponding advance iu
value could not be as reasonably expected?
When the question arises at the beginning
whether it is best to sell or lease the county
school lands of Travis county the county
judge and Commissioners Court have a
simple proposition before them. Will a sale
now not be at prices too low to yield a perma-
nent fund sufficient to be of any material
benefit, and will not a sale ten'years hence yield
a much larger sum, the interest upon which
will go far toward the support of public
schools? The increase in value is hypothetical,
while the increase in the scholastic population
of the county is assured. In the first ten
years of the lease the loss in interest is $1000
per annum, which would very considerably
aid in educating the children of this genera-
tion. The sale deferred, this benefit is trans-
ferred to the children of the county from 1893
and thereafter. In the case of the sale of
these county school lands the county officials
are not required to consider the loss accruing
from withholding the lands from taxation and
from permanent improvements upon them, or
the development of the resources of the coun-
try which their sale would insure, because the
lands are situated in a distant county. It is mere-
ly a question whether the Commissioners Court
owes more to the scholastic population of ten
and twenty years hence than to the children of
this time and the ensuing ten years. Grant-
ing everything in the way of increased values
of the lands, it is believed that while the edu-
cational wants of the country are so pressing
the paramount duty of the county government
is to the present. Such lands have been idle
in the case of a large majority of the counties
already more than one generation since they
were acquired. Ten years from this time,
when the lease expires, the promise of the fu-
ture may be as tempting as now. This is the
day and generation of speculation in futures,
but it is also in Texas the day of utmost need
.of education and of progress and the
development of the country. The public
generally is content to leave the coun-
ties to their own devices and to
their own speculations in the disposition of
their school lands. Iu the nature of the case,
this property usually being in a solid body, can
be better protected, better cared for and
more advantageously leased or sold by the
Commissioners Court, composed usually of the
best class of practical business men and farm-
ers, than the property of the general school
fund scattered all over the State in alternate
tracts with the railroad lands. Hence, if it
appeal's to be the better Dolicy for the counties
to dispose of their lauds with the prime object
of affording the best educational facilities
possible to the present scholastic population,
without parting with a dollar of the permanent
fund obtained by the sale, it would seem much
more imperative that the State school lands
should be disposed of in the same manner. And
yet there is no measure that will be urged
upon the next legislature with more force and
official influence than that of leasing the State
school lands. P is urged by the chief land of-
ficer of the State, and by him justified upon
the same hypothesis that is assumed in the case
of the lease of the Travis county school lands.
This is essentially an attempt to engage the
State as trustee of the school property in a
speculation in land futures, while the schools
are for the time being to be neglected. It will
practically destroy the competition for the
lands, whi^h. under our institutions, renders
land monopoly very difficult or" impossible.
Those who hold the lands now by force of their
flocks, herds and drovers will certainly con-
tinue in possession by paying the State a small
stipend, much less than the interest from
their sale would yield. A lease
law is a good law enough until it is tried. So
has been every law passed for the sale or pro-
tection of the public domain and the school
lands. The administration that now proposes
the lease law is the same that proposed the 50
cents an acre reservation act, which has worked
for the exclusive advantage of the land specu-
lator and land monopolist. It is not to be con-
ceded that because an official upon all occa-
sions by his acts and declarations exhibits de-
votion to the public school interests, he is there-
fore competent to protect them especially in
advocating a measure that practically post-
pones to future generations the benefits none
can need more than this. All these considera-
tions are doubly reinforced by that formerly
presented in The News—the imminency of a
system by which thirty or forty million acres
of land will be controlled and let out by the
year or term of years by a bureau of much
tempted officials, and the improvement and
development of the country be retarded.
THE POLICY OF MESSRS. VOORHEES
AND BROWN.
When Mr. Jefferson became president there
were but 316 offices in the United States sub-
ject to appointment by the president. So Mr.
Jefferson said. There are now more places in
the New York custom-house than there were
then in all the custom-houses. This may give
an idea of the magnitude of the change in-
volved in making a "clean sweep" of the of-
fices, as Mr. Voorhee3 wants done by the next
president, if a Democrat. It may be said that
the Republicans are selfish in trying to prevent
this. Still, it is quite possible that the selfish-
ness of partisans may be made to serve the
ends of wholesome reform. Otherwise the
cause of reform would have a poor prospect,
for who expects politicians to be otherwise
than selfish in their thoughts, aims and actions?
Merchants are not unselfish when they buy in
the cheapest market and sell in the dearest.
They think entirely of their own interest.
hey aim only at serving themselves; but they
serve the public better than if they were philan-
thropists. Commerce has done far more to
civilize the world than disinterested benevo-
lence. Nothing but the aggregate of individ-
ual interests included in the terms industry and
commerce can be relied upon ultimately to put
a stop to war. When the people become suffi-
ciently alive to their own interests to support
politicians in certain measures, not for the
glorification of any party, but for the promo-
tion of the common interests of a majority of
the people, politicians will hasten to do the
will of the majority. They will ascertain it
with surprising readiness and find their re-
ward in obeying it. Harper's Weekly appre-
ciates the alarm which Mr. Voorhees's senti-
ments must create, and reasons that Mr. Voor-
hees is urging his party to a suicidal course.
It remarks that "it is perfectly eas}r for the
Democratic party to lose the election of No-
vember, 1SS4, before the 4th of March, 1883,
and it will do so if it so completely mistakes
the situation as to obstruct reform." The de-
bate in the Senate was proceeding
when the words just quoted were
written. Those Republicans who are above
all things anxious for the success of their party
were eager to see the Democrats oppose Mr.
Pendleton's civil service reform bill. There
are other Republicans less in sympathy with
the present leadership and attitude of their
party, who feel that obstruction to reform on
the part of Democrats may encourage the stal-
warts in sham reform policies, and who there-
fore appear to be sincerely desirous—as citi-
zens and not merely as partisans—to see a wise
reformatory action on the Democratic side, so
as to bring every agency of moral compulsion
to bear on the least tractable element in the
Republican party. To them it is of compara-
tively little consequence which party succeeds,
provided both parties can be made to move de-
finitely from the old ground of spoils politics
to that of useful business methods. There is
also an increasing number of Democrats or
citizens, who prefer the Democratic party,
but will not be bound to it under
any and all circumstances, who will deeply re-
gret if the party in the House of Representa-
tives shall make no better record than the
majority of Senators of the party have recent-
ly made. The next president will not be a
Democrat if Mr. Voorhees and Mr. Brown are
allowed to shape the policy of the party; and,
therefore, there will be no clean sweep. At
the same time the virtue of the Republican
party may be considered as having no higher
source than fear, and the Democratic party
need not be judged more harshly than any
other party if a desire for success induces its
leaders to listen to reason aud shape their
course with a decent regard to public opinion.
It is results and conduct, not motives, with
which the general public is interested. That
public will next have to look to the conduct of
the pavties in the House. Despite all sanguiue
prophecies the Republican party is so far
from being dead, that it occupies a
better position than it did during the last cam-
paign while the political assessments were be-
ing made, for it has learned something it did
not know, while the Democratic leaders, or at
least a full half of them, appear to have had
their heads turned by visions of success and
spoils. To the genuine spoils partisan victory
would be of little value without permission to
follow it up with a general pillage of the
enemy's goods. As, however, sacking cities
and putting non-combatants to the sword has
been banned from the practices of warfare be-
tween civilized nations, the sack and confisca-
tion of civil offices must be forbidden to the
victors in political strife. The time to put the
popular veto on political plundering is now.
The public intelligence, having grasped the
question and settled down upon a strong con-
viction of the necessity of limiting the effects
of party contests, will not be denied
the satisfaction and respect due
to its determination, and will doubtless handle
the Democratic machine statesmen more
roughly, if possible, than the Republicans have
been handled. This is only an off-year, and
the temptations of prospective power appear
to find the Democrats so yielding where they
should be at least politic, that the phenomenon
of the recent party display in the Senate can
not be explained without impeaching the rea-
soning capacity of the Democratic leaders, un-
less the fatal influence of local support, the
control of separate States, be considered as
having decided cartain senators to sacrifice the
party, if need be, in a national sense. But
this again implies that the party in those sena-
tors' States is deemed by them to be averse to
a reform of the civil service—n bad augury of
the result, in the other Sta t: of the next
general contest. It will not usually pay to be
prodigally profuse in expenditure on the
strength of expected good fortune, still less to
set at naught the dictates of jus-
tice. The country is not so in debt to either
party that it should submit to any sort of im-
position. If any Democratic leaders calculate
that the Republican party being so bad the
country will be compelled to take the un-
washed machine Democracy for a change, re-
form or no reform, such Democratic leaders
will, doubtless, be entirely disappointed, and
will not live long enough to have the pleasure
of partitioning the Federal offices, though they
live to be ninety. There is an element of
spunk in human nature which resents any cal-
culation on its helplessness in choosing be-
tween evils. Messrs. Voorhees and Brown de-
liberately challenge the spunky feeling of Re-
publicans, who would possibly elect the most
pronounced stalwarts to national offices rather
than be forced to take unregenerate Hoosier
or Cracker statesmen, with the sneer of com-
placent Bourbonistic dogmatism upon their
features and their hats full of camp-followers'
names ready to grab the offices and make the
public suffer for tearing the mustard plaster
off one blister by sticking it on a new place
and raising another as bad.
THE GAME OF PHANTOM CONTRACTS.
Bradstreet's, in an article on speculation and
the legislature, favors abstention by legisla-
tive bodies from interference with trade as
now conducted. The practical morals of the
question of speculation iu future contracts is
left open to conditions and surroundings.
" Let it be understood," says Bradstreet's, 4' that
the trader whose capital is entirely embarked
in his regular business is a trustee to the rest
of the trading community. The capital in-
volved so far belongs to his creditors that" to
imperil it on the trade exchanges in mere
speculation is a gross breach of trust, which
should be visited by severe legal and
social penalties. Whether Jones or
Brown, who has a clear surplus in
bank, should speculate in grain or cotton
is a question of abstract morals, which does not
concern business journalism." There is matter
in the adbove extract that is noteworthy. To
imperil what belongs to a creditor should be
visited by £i severe legal and social penalties."
In other words, speculating with what is not
one's own is criminal license, but with surplus
funds to one's own bank account is merely a
question of "abstract morals." Bradstreet's
will find some difficulty, perhaps, in drawing
the line here. In the ordinary conditions of
trade as now conducted it is hard to separate
what may belong to creditors and what may
be surplus. As long as funds are at the com-
mand of men in trade, it is presumed that the
funds are their own. This is only decided when
the result of the " deal" is made apparent.
Surplus speculation, according to Bradstreet's,
does not concern business journalism. What
kind of "business journalism?" It may not
deeply concern a job-printing establishment
that furnishes cue-cards to faro-banks at
so much per thousand, nor special publications
whose existence depends upon their ability to
furnish "points" in the great game of phan-
tom contracts. Abstract morals are not ex-
pected to be largely dealt in by business jour-
nalism of this class. No one is expected to
"curse the bridge that carries him over." The
New York Tribune reasons more clearly and
more honestly than Bradstreet's, and the Tri-
bune reasons, too, from the standpoint of
business journalism. The Tribune insists that
this buying what one never means to receive
and selling what one never expects to deliver
fe neither necessary nor helpful to any honest i
business. Says the Tribune:
If the game were always honestly played, there
would still be some faint connection with actual
values: the side having the most money would, of
course, make prices at its pleasure, as uow. but the
most money would be likely to be on the side best
justified by conditions of demand and supply. A
market of that sort does not suit modern operators,
however Just as it is practically impossible to
find gamblers who will play a perfectly fair game,
so it comes to pass in every market where dealing
in phantom stuff is tolerated that the gamblers be-
gin to make the cards and load the dice aeainst
each other. Tricks are employed, falsehoods are
circulated, production is manipulated to suit the
schemes of the gambler, and the strongest and
most unscmpulous combine to fleece the rest.
That is not a market. It is merely a great gam-
bling shop. Its existence is not helpful to any
honest business, because no producer or dealer can
form any opinion what his actual product may sell
for at any future time. All reasoning and calcula-
tion are out of place. The swindles of the various
operators make prices, regardless of any reason
It is claimed that commerce could not go on, if
sales for future delivery were prohibited. Thi:i is
not true, because commerce did go on in this coun-
try for years without such sales, and does go on
now in countries where such sales are unknown.
But if it be true that sales for future delivery are
needful, they can be of any service to commerce
only when made by persons who have got some-
thing to sell. In other words, if sales for fu-
ture delivery were strictly limited to the per-
sons who hold the property they sell, there
would be as much sold as could by any
possibility be demanded for actual use in com-
merce or manufactures. Nor is it at all difficult
to restrict sales thus. There is not a commercial
organization in the country that could not sub-
stantially stop all dealings in phantom stuff if it
chose. The question is whether it ought not to be
compelled by law to choose legitimate business in-
stead of gambling. Brokers and dealers object,
for they say it would cut off nearly all their busi-
ness. In one week, not long ago, 120,000,000 barrel?
of oil were sold, when there were not 35.000.000
barrels in the country, and probably not 1,000,000
actually changed owners. But if the gambling is
so enormous that three-fourths or nine-tenths of
the business of a large class of men would be cut
off if it should cease, So much the more reason
why it thould cease. The crop of ruined young
men and of broken banks is large enough al-
ready.
STATE PRESS.
What the Interior Papers Say.
The Fort Worth Gazette does not seem to be
so much opposed as the Flatonia Argus to the
bill before Congress to appropriate $10,000,000
to be distributed among the several States and
Territories for public education, on the- illite-
racy basis. The Gazette says:
The justice and necessitjT of the bill are! gener-
ally admitted, but the New England press finds
constitutional objections, and argues that there is
no warrant in tliat instrument to authorize Con-
gress to appropriate the public moneys for educa-
tional purposes. They say it would be but fair
that the whole country should contribute to the
education of the colored population, but constitu-
tional barriers forbid it. and that while the South
is to be commiserated she must be held to her con-
stitutional obligations and made to educate her
own negro children. Only change the bill so as to
divide the $10,000,000 on the basis of population,
and these same papers would doubtless find ample
power in the constitution for its passage. It is
mainly because a very large percentage of the
proposed appropriation is to be spent in the South
that these trifling objections are urged.
The San Antonio Times corrects the lying
statement of an Arkansas horse-thief that he
is a grandson of Davy Crockett, the famous
Tennesseean and Texas hero:
Bob H. Crockett, editor of the Arkansas Gleaner.
Eublished at DeWitt, Ark., and a real grandson of
avy Crockett, publishes a lengthy denial of the
story, and says: Colonel David Crockett at his
death left three sons, of whom the eldest was John
W., who represented the same district in Congress
as his father, and died in Memphis, Tenn., in 1852,
leaving two sons. Bob H. and Charles W. Crockett,
the Infer publisher of the Dover (Tenn.) Courier.
His second son William, settled at and gave his
name to Crockett's Bluff, in Arkansas county, Ar-
kansas, and died there thirty-five years since, leav-
ing two sons—David and William. Jr., both of
whom have been dead several years. His youngest
son, Robert P. Crockett, by his second "and last
wife, is now living in Hood county, Texas.
The San Antonio Express comes to the relief
of the young and artless chairman of the Dem-
ocratic State Committee:
During the recent campaign the Democratic
Congressional Committee at Washington sent $*0
wor-h of Democratic tracts to Hon. John M.Clai-
borne, Galveston, chairman of the State Demo-
cratic Committee, but, as the express charges
were not paid in advance, the package was allowed
to remain in the express office until after the
election, and then returned to Washington at the
committee's still further expense. The committee
think this was mean of our John, and are rather
crumpling him up at Washington, where the
sachem of the Texas Democracy has been dis-
porting himself of late. The effect of this ex-
posure of Mr. Claiborne's refusal or neglect to in-
vest a V in the f urthering of the glorious cause
will probably be to cause him to retaliate
with vehement emphasis that he will noc
be a candidate for any office at the hands of the
next House. If he had paid that express charge
it might have been putting money v. here it would
do the most good. However, Ave suspect that the
failure to secure and distribute the literature re-
ferred to was not because our chairman begrudged
the money, but rather that he thought nothing
further was necessary in that line after he had
issued one of his soul-stirring circulars to the
Texas Democracy. Few men are so pure and
beautiful in their Democracy as Claiborne: few can
weep in greater anguish over his party's wrongs
and woes; few shed tears of joy more copiously
wlien the fountain is touched by the music of
victory, and it would be a dod-blasted shame if the
congressional committee repudiates him because
he did not put up for the express charges.
The Terrell Star gives the portraits and
biographies of the leading business men of that
town. The Cleburne Telegram gives a list of
thirty-seven solid men of Johnson county,
avoirdupois standard. The heaviest weighs
31G, and the lightest '303 poimds, the biggest
being Billy Hilburn (colored).
That judicious and candid weekly, the
Columbus Citizen, speaks of "that sterling
Texas and Southern journal, The Galveston
News," and says:
It continues to hold its place in the front rank of
journalism in the Southwest, and is invaluable to
the business, professional, agricultural, and me-
chanical man in Texas. The paper has improved
with the progress of the State, which it has ever
been so large a factor in promoting, and is recog-
nized as the leading journal in Texas, with few
equals in the South.
The Waco Examiner puts lawyers and doc-
tors into the scales as follows:
The books of the State comptroller show 3600
registered lawyers in Texas and only 17#5 doctors.
The annual occupation tax on each, whether law-
yer or dof,torv is $5. The tax receipts of the year
show that the 3G00 lawyers have paid the State
$6G20, while the 1765 doctors have rendered in
tribute $8826. The Examiner believes occupation
taxes should bo reduced to a minimum, if not
abolished outright, but as long as the laws (which
are framed by the lawyers) stand on the statue
hooks they ought to be respected. The tax receipts
show the doctors, as a class, to be far more law-
abiding than the lawyers.
The following is from the Hillsboro Mirror:
The many friends of Rev. Thos. H. Compere, in
this county and throughout Texas, will learn with
sorrow of his death, in Hubbard City, on Sunday
last. He died of typhoid fever, after an illness of a
few days. The deceased was an able preacher of
the Baptist church. He was fifty-three years of
age. His funeral was largely attended.
The Terrell Star's Christmas edition is a
stunner—qjght pages of eight columns each,
illustrated with the portraits of twenty-four
of the leading men of Terrell, beautifully
printed, and well tilled with biographical and
business notices and descriptions of the town
and county. The issue would reflect credit on
any city in Texas.
Of the statement that a number of Dallas
business men had the town written up by the
New Orleans Times-Democrat, and are now
dissatisfied with the write-up, the Brenham
Banner remarks:
The moral is, if the Dallas business men had liad
the write-up done by one of their local papers it
would haw been done correctly, and as an adver-
tisement of Dallas it would have accomplished
fully as much as the New Orleans paper.
That aged minister whose sands of life have
been running for forty years in advertising
quack nostrums and cheating the printers is
not the only mythical ministerial fraud. The
Waco Examiner mentions another:
Preacher Constantine, of New Jersey, writes the
president urging him to heed the prophecy of
Wiggins, of Canada, that an awful storm will
sweep this country in March. Constantine indorses
Wiggins in solemn words, predicts woeful devas-
tation of a social and political kind at the same
time, and proclaims that science is the handmaid
of religion. Wiggins's kind of science is undoubt-
edly the handmaid of Constantine*s kind of reli-
gion. If President Arthur cared anything about
the welfare of the country he would prevent the
awful things predicted by Wiggins and Constan-
tine bj' giving each of them an office.
This is not the only hope of escaping the dire-
ful day. Weather prophets, like doctors,
differ. Professor Venn&r is not willing to be
eclipsed by this new seor:
He says it is his opinion that the particular con-
junction or astronomical condition upon which
Mr. Wiggins hoses his March storms is more likely
to have a counterbalancing or quieting influence
upon the usual storms of the mouth, and that these
will not be of more than ordinary severity.
The Paris North Texan says:
Texas is fast coming to the front as a wheat-
growing country. The farmers find that there is
more money in it than cotton, and the crop is much
more certain and not half so troublesome. There
area number of industries which could be devel-
oped in this State that would surpass cotton-rais-
ing, and the quicker the farmers learn this the bet-
ter it will be.
A correspondent of the Tom Green Times
calls attention to the palpable injustice of the
statute of 1881, chapter 90, which provides
that herders of sheep and goats shall be fined
where they trespass on another's lands after
notice, while the owners of all other stock are
not liable to any punishment, and the editor
adds:
He complains with great reason that this is
yrong, and we heartily indorse his opinion. A law
which discriminates against any legitimate em-
ployment is a disgrace to the legislature responsi-
ble for its existence, and we hope the next delega-
tion at Austin will either abolish it altogether or
make it include all classes.
The Cleburne Telegram fires these random
shots at parties of the kind that were called
sh}darks (shyiocks) by a Galveston politician,
a long while ago:
The public domain of Texas must be protected
from land-grabbers and monopolists. Any work
done by the Eighteenth Legislature will not be
complete Jf this is neglected. The railroad mo-
nopolies have the scalps of several of the leading
Texas newspapers dangling from their belts.
Wonder who the monopolies will appoint almoner
to the next legislature? In the battle between the
corporations and the people, Governor Hubbard
has announced nimself as favorable to the former.
The Telegram says a good word for this
paper:
The News is undoubtedly at the head of Texas
journalism, and in point of ability, enterprise and
general get-up, compares favorably with any news-
paper published in the South.
The Columbus Citizen says:
Recently one hundred Ohio editors visited F'orida
on an excursion. AH deadbeats of the proiession
were doubtlees represented.
Such parties are always first to put in ap-
pearance, like poor relations at a social gather-
ing.
From first accounts it seemed as if Christmas
in Texa.- had gone by without the usual accom-
paniment of accidents and disorders. There
does not yet appear to have been many of the
former; but the San Antonio Express says:
Crime and Santa Claus have both been holding
carnival the past few days. Too much whisky.
The Calvert Courier says:
The marshal gave "the boys "the usual privi-
leges 011 Christmas day. and thev seemed to enjoy
it. The " colored troops " had the city on Monday,
without doubt. The conduct of the negroes in this
city on Monday was such as to excite the serious
apprehensions of good people, and to arouse the
fear of the well-meaning whites that riot, with its
fearful consequences would follow their action.
And in this connection we will speak plainly to the
freedmen of their position and duty. They must,
sooner or later, be made aware of the fact that the
property-owners and white people of Calvert
have some rights that they are bound
to respect. On Monday the great drunken brutes
staggered over Main street defying alike the law,
the respect due decent people and even evinced a
strong inclination to engage in mob violence.
These vicious negroes go far beyoud what the very
worst white men would dare do, and if the officers
attempt an arrest they absolutely defy their
authority! We would not injure the hair of a
colored man's head, if he is a good citizen, but
when it comes to these whisky-crazed crowds of
negroes taking possession of the town and making
war upon its government, then it is that we favor
an appeal to the law of self-defense.
The best time to put a stop to such disorders
is the earliest. Faithful public officers who
would promptly arrest the first offenders would
prevent such cases as are described by the
Courier. There is no more reason for hostility
and riot during Christmas than at other
times.
At a recent Vermont squirrel hunt by two
teams of eighteen men each the winners count-
ed 13,000 to the losing 5010. When the losers
sent in their order the winners had cleaned out
the market.
Lazy and dull feelings are sure precursors
of sickness, which nothing but Hop Bitters will
banish.
" My wife," remarked Fitzboodle, "is fairly
crazy over the winter fashions. She's got the
delivery trimmins."
THE GREAT
RE
FOR PAIN.
CURES
Rheumatism, Neuralgia, Sciatica,
Lumbago, Backache, HeaJache, Toothache,
Sore Throat, Swellings. S; rains, Bruises*
Burns. N« ahls, Fruki Bites,
ASD ILL OTHER BODILY PAI5S A.\D ACHES.
Sold by Dru^flsU and Dealers everywhere. Fifty Ceuti a bottle.
Directions in 11 Languages.
Til*! CHARLES A. VOGFLEHCO.
(Soocsmom to A. VOtiitLER * CO.) Baltimore, Ed., U. 9.A.
OUR
ME. Gr. a. HARRISON,
Of Houston,
will be in your city in a few days to
TUNE IPI^MOS,
etc. Should your Piano need any attention please
give him v our order, and I will guarantee his work.
Your order v. il» find him at your postoffice.
Yours, respectfully,
X-OTJXS GB.XT35'3WAX:2)V
Agent for the celebrated STEIN WAY, KNABE,
PLEYEL, FISCHER, BEHR BROS, and PEASE
PIANOS.
No. 50 MAIN STREET, HOUSTON-Branch of
New Orleans houses.
SPECIAL NOTICES.
Notice is hereby given that neither
the captain, owners nor the undersigned agents
will be responsible for any debts contracted by
the crew of the British Bark MARK TWAIN.
H. A. YAUGHAN & CO., Agents.
AUCTION SALES.
UNDERWRITERS' SALE"
op
CANNED G00DS,Etc.
Y^7E WILL SELL THIS DAY, AT 10 A. M.. AT
V V our Salesroom, Strand, for account of whom
it may concern:
300 CASES TWO-POUND TOMATOES.
200 CASES THREE-POUND TOMATOES.
80 CASES JELLY AND PRESERVES.
80 SACKS COFFEE.
'■> SACKS FLOUR. Also, one lot
BEDSTEADS, ONE PARLOR SUIT,
One lot of FURNITURE. Also,
ONE CARLOAD APPLES, direct from cars.
LYNCH & PENLAND.
Auction Sale
OF
Schooner Zenobia
AND CAHGO.
We will sell on SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, in
front of our salesroom, Strand, the schooner
ZENOBIA, as she now lies stranded about half a
mile from west eud of Galveston Island, together
with her spars and standing ringing, blocks, chains,
etc. Particulars and description given at day of
sale.
Also her cargo of LUMBER, about 35,000 feet of
fencing, flooring, ceiling, etc., and 20,000 drawn
cypress shingles. To be sold together to the high-
est bidder for cash.
The vesse l is but little strained and in easy posi-
tion for floating.
LYNCH & PENLAND.
ISALLiNlji.lt & JIO'l'T,
rami's regulating pills.
Perfect Purgative, Soothing Aperient,
Act "Without Pain, Always Relia-
ble, and Natural in Their
Operations.
a vegetable substitute for calomel
Perfectly tasteless, elegantly coated with sweet
gum, purge, regulate, purify, cleanse and
strengthen.
RAD WAY'S PILLS for the cure of all disorders
of the Stomach, Liver. Bowels, Kidneys, Bladdef,
Nervous Diseases, Headaclie, Constipation, Cos-
tive ness, Indigestion, Dyspepsia, Biliousness, Fever,
Inflammation of the Bowels, Piles, and all de-
rangements of the Internal Viscera. Purely vege-
table, containing no mercury, minerals or delete-
rious drugs.
Observe the following symptoms resulting
from Diseases of the Digestive Organs; Constipa-
tion, Inward Piles, Fullness of the Blood in the
Head, Acidity oG the Stomach, Nausea, Heartburn,
Disgust of Food, Fullness or Weight in the Stomach,
Sour Eructations. Sinking or Fluttering* at the
Heart, Choking or Suffocating Sensation when in a
lying posture. Dimness of Vision, Dots or Webs be-
fore the Sight, Fever and DU11 Pain in the Head,
Deficiency oi Perspiration, Yellowness of the Skin
-- - - - thi TjB ~
A few doses of RADWAY'S PILLS will free the
and Eyes, Pain in the Side, Chest. Limbs, and Sud
' " ~ - "lesh.
den Flushes of Heat, Burning in the Flesi
A few doses of RADWAY'S PILLS wil
system of all the above named disorders.
Price, 25 Cents Per Box-
SOLD BY DRUGGISTS.
READ " FALSE AfiD TRUE."
Send a letter stamp to HADWAY & CO>;
No- 32 Warren Street, New York.
Information worth thousands will be sent
to you.
TO THE~PUBLIC.
There can be no better guarantee of the value of
Dr. Raoway's old established R. R. R. Remedies than
the base and worthless imitations of them, as there
are False Resolvents, Reliefs and Pills. Be sure
and asl: for Radway's, and see that the name
" Radway " is on what you buy.
DR. RADWAY'S
NT!
The Great Blood Purifier.
FOR THE CURE OF CHRONIC DISEASE.
Scrofula or Syphilitic, Hereditary
or Contagious.
WHSTHEB SEATED IN THE
Lung's, Stomach, Skin, Hones, Flesh
or NerTes,
CORRUPTING THE SOLIDS AND VITIATING
THE FLUIDS.
Chronic Rheumatism, Scrofula, Glandular Swell-
ing. Hacking Dry Cough, Cancerous Affections,
Syphilitic Complaints, Pleeding of the Lungs. Dys-
pepsia, Water Brash, Tic Doloreaux, White Swell-
ings, Tumors, Ulcers, Skin and Hip Diseases. Mer-
curial Diseases. Female Complaints. Gout, Dropsy,
Salt Rheum, Bronchitis, Consumption,
LIVE It COMPLAINTS, Etc.
Not only does the Sarsaparillian Resolvent excel
all remedial agents in the cure of Chronic Scrofu-
lous, Constitutional and Skin Diseases, but it is the
onty positive cure foi
Kidney and Bladder Complaints.
Urinary and Womb Diseases, Gravel, Diabetes,
Dropsy, Stoppage of Water, Ince iiiinence of Urine,
Bright's Disease, Albuminuria, and ia all cases
where are brick-dust deposits, or the water is thick,
cloud}', or mixed with substances like the white of
an egg, or threads like white silk, or there is amor-
bid, dark, bilious appearance and white bone-dust
deposits, and where there is a pricking, burning
sensation when passing water, and pain in the
small of the back and atmig the loins.
SOLD BIT DKUGGISTS.
One bottle contains more of the active principles
of medicine than any other preparation. Taken in
Teaspoonful Doses, while others require five or six
times as much. One Dollar Per Bottle-
The Cheapest and Best Medicine for
Family Use in the World.
In from one to twenty minutes never fails to re-
lieve PAIN with one thorough application. No
matter how violent or excruciating the pain, the
RHEUMATIC, Bed-ridden, Infirm, Crippled, Ner-
vous, Neuralgic, or prostrated with disease may
suffer. Had way's Ready Relief will afford
instant ease.
Inflammation of the Kidneys, Inflammation of
the Bladder, Inflammation of the Bowels, Conges-
tion of the Lungs, Sore Throat. Difficult Breathing,
Palpitation of the Heart, Hysterics, Croup. Diph-
theria, Catarrh. Influenza, Headache, Tootnacne,
Neuralgia, Rheumatism, Chills, Ague Chills, Ner-
vousness, Sleeplessness, Bruises, Coughs, Colds,
Sprains, Pains in the Chest, Back or Limbs, are in-
stantly relieved.
MALARIA IN ITS VARIOUS FORMS
FEVER AND AGUE.
There is not a remedial agent in the world that
will cure Fever and Ague, and all other Malarious,
Billious. Scarlet, Typhoid. Yellow and other fevers
(aided by Radway's Pills) so quick as Radway's
Ready Relief.
It will in a few moments, when taken according
to directions, cure Cramps, Spasms, Sour Stomach,
Heartburn, Sick Headache, Summer Com"
plaints. Diarrhas, Dysentery, Colic, Wind in the
powels. and all Internal Pains.
Travelers should always carry a bottle of Rad-
ay's Ready Relief with them. A few drops in
water will prevent sickness or pains from change
of water. It is better than French brandy or bit-
ters as a stimulant.
THE TRUE RELIEF.
Radway's Ready Relief is the only remedial
agent in vogue that will instantly stop paiu.
Fifty Cents Per Bottle-
125 PoktolDe Street,
GALVESTON, TEXAS.
TEXAS BRANCH
new orleans
Cotton Seed Ass'n.
HIGHEST MARKET PRICE PAID FOR
COTTON SEED.
SACKS AND TWINE FURNISHED.
For further information ad Ire-s
Gr. C. STREET, Agent,
HOUSTON. TEXAS.
NEW ORLEANS, August £6, 1882.
MR. O. C. STREET is our only authorized Agent
in Texas.
NEW ORLEANS COTTON SEED ASS'N.
MflJllffr,
SUCCESSORS TO SUCCESSORS TO
!, SiRATTOK & CO. G.H.MEMMBRO.
WHOLESALE
GROCERS
And Importers,
COTTON FACTORS
AND
General Commission Merchants,
Corner Strand and 22d Streets.
K. G. DUN & CO., Prop'rs.
ROBERT S3I1T2I,
District Manager, Galveston, Texas.
Reference books issued quarterly, compiled
from the most reliable information. Collection of
past due claims a specialty. For terms of sub-
scription apply at our offices in Galveston. Hous-
ton, Dallas, San Antonio. Fort Wo th nd Waco.
HOTELS.
THE NEW HOTEL DAM,
Adjoining and connecting with the
UNION SQUARE HOTEL, corner of 15th street
and Union Square, New York,
Is Now Iteady for the Reception of
Gnests.
Location the most desirable, and accessible to
all poiuts of interest in the city. Elegantly fur-
nished throughout and with every modern conven-
ience and sanitary improvement. Superb salons,
elegant restaurant and dining room, and choice
cuisine. Fifty-two suites, with bath and toilet
room attached.
A. J. DAM & SON, Propr's.
ST. NICHOLAS HOTEL,
BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
American Plan.
300 Rooms at $3 30 per day, including all Meals,
Apartments, Lights and Attendance. Meals are
served at all hours from G a. m. to 12 p. m.
European Plan.
200 Rooms at $1 per day and upward, in con-
nection with a very superior
Restaurant at Moderate Prices.
This Hotel, replete with all Modern Improve-
ments, iR very conveniently located ou Broadway,
is first-class in all its appointments, and has been
long known as having no superior in New York.
tJRIAH WSLOiS,
Proprietor.
Also Proprietor of the New American, Richfield,
Springs, Otsego county, N. Y , a Celebrated Sum-
mer Resort of great attractions and unequaled
Sulphur Springs Theodore Gittinos,
Room Clerk.
JERSEY AND H0LSTEIN CATTLE,
Tmported, Reg-istcrod and Pure Bred,
For sale at my Jersey herd farm, five miles west o£
Galveston, on the bay shore. I have no grades in
ray Jersey herd. Both herds are headed by regis-
tered males. The finest milk and butter strains in
America are represented la my herds. Terms rea-
sonable. P. N. HARRIS, P. O. Box 4^4, Galveston,
Texas.
LIGHTNING
Post Hole Auger
One man can bore 200 holes a day, in
any kind of soil, wet or dry. Very strong
and durable. Order from your mer-
chant cr send money to u&
Price each,
Adjustable to
bore from 7
to 10 1-2
inches in
diame- M Smaller
ter. size for tree
planting. Larger, with
extension handle, for tsjegrapii
construction.
CURTIS & CO. MFG. CO.
* Sole Manufacturers, ST. LOUIS, MO
We beg to call the trade's attention to the im-
portant fact of having purchased largely during
the summer of such goods as were lowest in price
and adapted to the requirements of merchants
during the months of January and February tor
agricultural purposes, whereby we placed our-
selves in a position to successfully compete with
distant markets for interior patronage, and can
conscientiously promise prompt shipments.
J. S. BROWN & CO.,
Wholesale Hardware Merchants,
Strand, Galveston, Texas.
C. A. KEATING, .
Dallas,
Resident Partner.
GEO. J.KEATING,
Kansas City,
Special Partner.
C. .Y. KEATING,
Wholesale Agricultural Implements,
grl^s and mill machinery,
State Agent fcr FCRST & BRADLEY M'F'G CO. Plows, Cultivators and Sulky Rakes. ERIE CITY
IRONWORKS. Engines, Boilers and Saw Mills. J. I. CASE. Steam and Horse-Power Threshine Ma-
chinery. OHIO STEEL BARB FTNCE CO. FISn BROTHERS Farm and Spring VVaicJUS. RICHlfbND
CHAMPION GRAIN DRILL. DALLAS, TEXAS.
WITHIN THE REACH OF ALL—ONE DOL-
lar for six months. Delay not. Keep posted
as to the markets. Full and accurate reports in
each issue of the Weekly News,
P. J. WILLIS & BRO.,
COTTON FJLCTORS,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Boots, Shoes Hals Cats and Notions.
GALVESTON, TEXAS.
SARGENT & STEIRER.
GRAIN AHO PRODUCE COMMISSION MERCHANTS,
Agents for the South",'est and Mexico for
niOSZaSR BAHMAKN & CO.'S Fire and Burglar Proof Vaults, Doors and
171 STRAND
GALVESTON.
GROCERIES—LIQUORS.
GALVESTON.
BEST QUALITY
Cooking Oil
NOW READY,
AND FOB SALE BY
GALVESTON OIL CO.
Just Received
JUST RECEIVED.
250 boxes NAPKIN SOAP. Each bar has a Nap-
kin wrapped around it.
300 boxes Silver Spoon YEAST POWDER.. Eacn
half pound Can has a triple-plated Spoon in it.
150 boxes EDISON'S ELECTRIC SOAP—(better
than Dobbins.)
200 Fkgs PICKLED PIGSFEET.
o. seeliosoist sc co.
ToTHETRADE!
DON'T BE BULLDOZED BY THE WATERS-
Pierce Oil company. Make no contracts
for oil against your own interests.
i am selling,
and will continue to sell.
Oil at 15c. per Gallon
SEND ME YOUR ORDERS.
Isaac Heidenheimer.
NEW CROP
SUGARS
AND
MOLASSES.
LeGierse & Co,
TOBACCO!
S. W. Venable's
CELEBRATED
ANCHOR
AND
66
e. c."
NAVIES.
MILLER & ENGLISH,
SOLE AGENTS FOR TEXAS.
I3ST STORE:
2000 BAGS COFFEE.
TO ARRIVE, EX-FA.VORXTS,
3000 BAGS COFFEE,
All of Best Selections-
HAVE STILL ON HAND
250 BOXES N0. t & 2 FIREWORKS
Wo will Closo at Great Sacrifice*
"We are now again prepared to execute all orders
for that reliable anu well-known brand erf Chewing
Tohaceo,
CH R 0 M 0,
.M.JJII tffl!
COTTON FACTORS,
Wholesale Grocers and Importers.
E. Gr. CTilLDS,
Wholesale Dealer in
C0AL&C0KE,
DALLAS, TrXAS.
State Agent Osage Coal and «Nining Company.
Contracts made for the delivery of coal ana coke
to any railroad depot in the State.
Dr. W. I. Ducie,
Office and Besldeuoe, 223 Market St.,
l UP-ST AIRS.)
Office Hours—9 a. m. to 10:30 a. ra.; 3 to 3 p. m.;
5 to 6 p. in.
NOTICES.
GA
The
will b
JANL
(v£8T0lfICE-
COMPANY.
3 freld at tb meeting of the stockholders
^.Y 8,0 Company's office on MONDAY,
.•3, at 11 a. m.
"''""~~ThN FELL JAQUES, Secretary.
NOTICE.
a'
NATIONAL BANK OF TEXAS, )
Galveston, Dec. 21, 1882. f
T A REGULAR MEETING OF THE BOARD
of directors the semi-annual dividend of 5 per
cent, on capital stock was declared payable on and
after January 4,1883, and 8 per cent passed to
Surplus Fund. ROBT. J. JOE£*. Cashier.
SPECIAL NOTICE.
OFFICE GALVESTON WHARF COMPANY, 1
Galveston, Texas. December 26, 1882. )
The annual meeting of the stockholders of the
GALVESTON WHARF COMPANY
will be held at their office, on Central Wharf, on
MONDAY, THE 1ST OF JANUARY
next, at 10 o'clock, a. m.
By order of the President:
JOSEPH AIKEN. Secretary.
NOTICE.
rpHE STOCKHOLDERS OF THE
Texas Banking and Insurance
Company
'are hereby notified that, in accordance with the
charter, the ANNUAL ELECTION for 13 Directors
to serve for 1883 will be held at the Banking-house
on 1st DAY OF JANUARY, 1883, it being the first
Monday in the month. THE POLLS will be opened
at 10 a. m. and will be closed at 12 m.
N. B. SLIGH, Cashier.
TO BONDHOLDERS.
The City of Galveston will, through its Treasurer
and Finance Committee,
ON OR BEFORE JANUARY 2, 1S83,
for the purpose of investing the idle sinking funds,
in accordance with the ordinances of the city,
REDEEM BY PURCHASE
810,000 5 Per Cent. Galveston Forty
Tears Limited Debt Bonds,
and every month thereafter $5000 of the same issue.
Proposals to sell said bonds to the city will be re-
ceived by the undersigned until DECEMBER 30,
at 12 m. Bids will be opened December 30. The
city reserves the right to reject any and all bids.
W H. NICHOLS,
Chairman Committee on Finance and Revenue,
City of Galveston.
giif, colorado and santa fe railway,
SECRETARY'S OFFICE,
Galvestox, Texas. December 18,1882.
rjTHE SEMI-ANNUAL INTEREST ON THE
FIRST MORTGAGE BONDS
of this company, due January 1, 1883, will be paid
at the National City Bank, New York city, and at
the office of the company in the city of Galves-
ton. F. P. KILLEEN, Secretary.
To WIiorrL it May Concern.
The undersigned has been appointed
administrator of the estate of Jose de Solarza-
no. deceased. All parties having claims against
said party will present their claims within the time
prescribed by law. A. m. bruni,
Administrator.
Laredo, Webb county, vTexas, December 4, 1882.
IS! otice.
ALL orders OR complaints, to
receive nrompt attention, should be left ac
the office of the Company, in the Brick Budding, on
market Street, Between 24th and 2otl»
Street*,
Between the hours of 8 and 12 o'clock a. m.
AUG. BtTTLAR. Secretary.
NOTICE
COTTON EXCH ANGE BONDHOLDERS.
Notice is hereby given that all outstanding bonds
of the GALVESTON COTTON EXCHANGE are
called in for payment, and will be redeemed at the
office of Ball, Hutchings & Co., on TUESDAY,
JANUARY 2, 1883, .aid that said bonds will bear
no interest after that date. W. L. MOODY,
President Galveston Cotton Exchange.
Official: A. G. Mjli s, Secretary.
Notice of Sale
THE UNDERSIGNED OFFER FOR SA]
reasonable terms, the property of the FIRE
BRICK AND TILE COMPANY, situated in the
town of Kosse, Texas, on the line of the Houston
and Texas Central railroad. These works are com-
plete, and fitted for the manufacture of stoneware
in great variety. The main pottery building is 5Ox
ir>0 feet, containing eight turning wheels, two
gigers and three round built brick i"nma«?es. Also
one flower pot and one drain tile machine. In fact,
all of the latest improved m.-chinery uhijohhi j* f°r
this business, which has no competition in the
State. Wood and water abundant and convenient
In connection wi«h the pottery worts there is a
fire trick-yard situated on the land (about 250
acres., which affords the wood and clay. Besides,
there are the best of flre-biick and tile presses, Iron
crushers and round brick furnaces on the place.
For further particulars, address
KAUFFMAN & RUNGB,
Galveston. Texas,
or apply iu person to M. ALLEN,
Texas.
RATES ANDofRE8ULAT10N8
WHARFAGE
OF THE
AFBXZ, 1, 1881. *'
AB vessels and their owners landing goods on the
W-i*arTe8 5}*ere*?3* contract to pay, and are respon-
"ible for .he wharfage on the same, according M
< be following*- rates, to be collected from the vessels
or their ageois: « ct*
■Anchors and Chains, per l»)ft Th* 5
Barrels, wet *" 6
Barrels, dry '..'.Ill 5
Barrels, empty, wet 3
Barrels. i*mpty. dry 2
Barrel Staves, per M * 30
Bacon, per cast 25
Bacon, per 1 ase . *
Bagi; or Sacks ir hales, per cubic foot... . ." 1
Bagging. per cubic f oot * * J * j
Baggmg, per 10rt yard roll, each j 6
Bagging. p*r 50 yard roll, each "* 3
Baskets, per nest * 2
Ballast, per ton 25
Bales, over 5 cubic feet, per foot 1
Bedsteads, each 10
Bedsteads, common, each 5
Bedsteads, boxed, per cubic foot 1
Bellows, per cubic foot 1
Bananas and Plantains, per bunch 2
Breakfast Bacon, per box 5
Boxes, liquors, cheese, soap, caudles, etc 3
Boxes extract, coffee, ink, bluing, etc. (small).. 2
Brooms^per dozen 3
Broom Handles, per M 50
Broomcorn. per bale 5
Brick, fire, per M 60
Brick, common, per M 50
Bran, per sack 4
Bran, per ton of 2000 lbs 50
Blinds, Doors and Sash, per cubic foot 1
Boilers, steam, per 100 Sw ... •>
Bones and Horns, ner ton of 2000 lbs 30
Bone-dust, oer ton of 2000 ... 50
Bone-black or Bone meal, per sack of 100 lbs... %
Bolts and Spikes, Rivets, Nuts and Washers,
per aeg 5
Buckets, per dozen 5
Buckets, well, per dozen 8
Butter, per iceg .1...... ... 3
Butter, per firkin *" \
Building stone, rough, per ton of *240 5ba 5J
Buggies, each 50
Buggies boxed, per cubic foot ." .1
Carboys, each, full jo
Carboys, empty ■ . 5
Casks, wine ,*!*!... 2U
Casks, hardware, per 300 E>s - !*.!!. 5
Casks, merchandise, per cubic foot l
Carriages, each 75
Carriages, boxed, per cubic foot 1
Carts, each 25
Castings, hollow or solid, per 100 tt>s 5
Cattle, grown, each
Cattle, two-year-olds, each
Cattle, yearlings, each 10
Cattle, calves, each 30
Champagne, m baskets 5
Chairs, per bundle <.2 each) 5
Charcoal, per sack 3
Cotton, per bale, landed 10
Cotton, per bale, shipped 10
Cotton, per sack 10
Coal, dumped in cats, per ton of 2240 fcs 30
Coal, dumped on wharf, per ton of 2240 lbs GO
Coal, in Oasts 2?
Coaches, Stage, each 1 u0
Corn, per sack 3
Corn, m shuck, per bbl 3
Cotton Seed, per ton of 2000 lbs. cargo 25
Cotton Seed MeaL per ton of 2000 lbs 30
Cotton Gins, per cubic foot 1
Cotton Plahters. each 10
Corn Planters, each 10
Corn Shellers 6
Corn Mills, per cubic foot 1
Coffee, per sack of 135 lbs 4
Codfish, per drum of 500 Bis 15
Cordage, per 100 IDs 5
Cotton Ties, per 100 lbs. (inward)
Cotton Ties, per 100 lbs. (outward) 5
Copper, per 100 lbs 5
Copper, pig, per 100 lbs 5
Canned Beef, per case 2
Coal Oil, per-case 2
Cocoanuts, per 100 25
Collars, Horse, per dozen 5
Crates. Crockery or Merchandise, per cubic ft.. 1
Cultivators, each 30
Drays, eacn £5
Doors, each 3
Demijohns, full 2
Demijohns, empty 1
Dry Goods, in case, per 100 lbs 5
Filters, boxed or otherwise, per cubic foot .... 1
Flour, per sack 3
Flour, per half sack ..I'...'..'.. 2
Fustic and other Dye-Woods. per ton Of 2000 ibs 50
Fertilizer or Guano, per ton or 2000 tt>s 50
Furniture, boxed, per cubic foot l
Groceries, dry, boxed, per 100 lbs 5
Grain, for export, including Bran, per 100 3>s.. 1
Grind and Millstones, per 100 lbs 5
Gunny Bags, in Dales, per cubic foot 1
Hardware, per 100 lbs 5
Hames, per dozen 4
Hams, per cask 25
Hay. per bale 10
Hay. per half-bale 5
Hogsheads, empty 5
Hogshead Staves, per M 50
Hay Cutters 6
Half barrels, wet 3
Half barrels, dry 3
Half barrels, empty 1
Herring, per box 1
Hoop Poles, per M 25
Horses and Mules, each 50
Hogs 5
Horseshoas, per keg 5
Household Goods, per 100 lbs 5
Hides, loose, each 1
Hides, in bales, per 100 lbs.. 5
Hides, green, in^bundles of 2 each 3
Ice, in hogsheads 25
Ice. as per invoice, less 30 per cent, for waste,
per ton 50
Ice Cream Freezers, each 2
Iron, boiler, plate, bar, hoop, wrought, sheet
and galvanized, per 100 fts 5
Iron Pipe. Gas and Water, per 100 lbs 5
Iron Shutters and Wrought Fittings, per 100 lbs 5
Iron, junk and scrap, per con 50
Iron, pig, per ton of 2240 lbs 50
Iron Safes, over 3000 lbs, per 100 lbs 10
Iron Safes, under 3000 lbs, per 100 lbs 5
Junk, in bales (except iron) 10
Kegs, merchandise 3
Laths, per M 10
Lemons, per box 4
Lead, per 100 lbs 5
Lumber, per M 3)
Leather, per 100 lbs 5
Malt, per sacs 5
Marble, per 100 lbs. dressed 5
Marble, per ton of 2000 rough 50
Marble dust, per barrel 5
Machinery, per 100 lbs 5
Mineral Ores, per ton of 2000 lbs 50
Mowing Machines, each 50
Moss, per bale 5
Matting, per roll 5
Nails, per keg 3
Nails, per half keg - 2
Oakum, per bale 5
Oats, per sack 4
Oil Cake, per sack 3
Oranges, per box 4
Ordnance Stores, per 100 lbs 5
Oysters, per bbl 5
Paint, per 100 lbs 5
Pails, per doz 5
Pails, flour, per nest 3
Paper, printing, per bundle 3
Paper, wrapping, per ream 1
Pecans, per sack 3
Pianos, boxed, per cubic toot 1
Pine-apples, per 100 25
Plows, each 5
Plows. Sulkv 25
Plow Material, k. d., per 100 lbs 5
Potash, per 100 lbs 4
Posts, fencing, each 1
Powder, kegs 4
Powder, half-kegs 2
Powder, auarter-kesrs 1
Railroad Material for construction and opera-
tion:
Railroad Iron and Steel Rails } Per Ton 1
R. R. Fish Bars, Plates and Chairs V of v 30
R. R. Frogs, Spikes, Bolts and Nuts I 2240 lbs. )
R. R. Iron Bridges. Locomotives. (Per Ton of J, lY1
R. R. Trucks. Wheels, Axles, etc. j 2240 lbs f
R. R. Iron, for street railroad, per ton 2240 lbs.. 50
R. R. Passenger Cars, each 15 00
R. R. Passenger Cars, Narrow Gauge 10 00
Railroad Platform Cars 800
R. R. Platform Cars, Narrow Gauge 5 00
R. R. Lumber, per M feet 30
R. R. Ties, eight feet long, each 2
Raisins, per box 3
Raisins, per half box 2
Raisins, per quarter box 1
Rags, per bale 10
Refrigerators, per cubic foot 1
Rubber Belting, per 100 lbs 5
Roofing Slate, per ton of 2000 lbs 40
Rope, per 100 lbs 5
Salt, per sack 3
Sand or Soil, per dray-load 5
Sewing Machines, each 10
Sewing, K. D., per 100 lbs 5
Sieves, per package, 2 dozen 4
Sawdust, per dray-load
Shot, per 100 lbs j>
Shingles, per 10
Sheep, each 5
Shooks, box, per carload 5 W
Sliooks, box, less than carload, per 100 lbs 5
Shell, per dray-load 5 bbls
Soda, in casks and drums, per 100 fcs -
Shovels and Spades, per dozen jj
Spices, per sack ^
Stoves, per cubic foot 1
Sugar, per hogshead *
Sugar per •>
Sugar. Havana, in boxes 1°
Smokestacks, per 100 lbs
Stoves ana Trimmings, per 100 lbs 5
Sulkies
Tierces Beef ^
Tierces Lard
Tierces Rice ^
Tierces Hams
Tierces Tallow, etc. . :
Tierces with bbls. inside l<j
Tierces, empty : •••• v/*v*v— .J
Timber, Walnut, etc,, per ton of 50 cubic feet.. -£
Tin Plate, per 100 lbs
Tin, pig, per 100 lbs .... - • • • J
Tobacco, chewing, per 100 lbs... 5
Tobacco, smoking, per cubic foot l
Tiles, per ton of 2000 lbs 50
Trunks, filled with merchandise or nests b
Tubs, per nest £
Trucks, Railroad, per 100 lbs 5
Wagons, each
Wagons, Spring or Cane *5
Wagon Material, K. D.. per 100 9>s 5
Washing Machines, each 10
Washboards, per dozen 4
Watermelons, each 1
Water Coolers 2
Wire, per 100 lbs 5
Wheelbarrows 5
Wheels and Axles, railroad, per 100 ®>s 5
Wheels and Axles, log carrier 75
Wood, per cord 25
Wool, per sack 10
White Lead, per 100 lbs 5
Zinc, in rolls, per 100 lbs 5
Goods not in above list will be charged in pro-
portion. say: Less than forty pounds to the cubic
foot will be classed as measurement and charged 1
cent per foot: forty pounds and over to the cubic
foot will be classed as weight, and charged 5 cents
per 100 pounds
All goods and articles of every kind, landed or
received upon any of the wharves, are thereafter
at the risk of the owners, and not of the Company,
and must be removed the same day, or, at fur-
thest, the next day. After which time, any of
said goods and articles remaining on the wharves,
the owners and consignees thereof will be respon-
sible for, and will l»e charged an additional wharf-
age of one-third the rates specified in the preced-
ing schedule for every day they so remain, and
mav be removed by the Wharf Company without
further notice (at the risk and expense of the
goods and the owners and consignees thereof 1 to
any part of its premises, continuing the charge for
additional wharfage each day they remain on said
premises. Or the Wharf Company may have the
same removed and stored elsewhere than on its
own premises without further notice (at the risk
and expense of the goods and the owners and con-
signees thereof), and the same will be held untd
^The^omjSay1 hereby gives notice that It will not
be liable for losses if caused by excessive and un-
usual weights, or by piling up heavr articles, simd
as salt more than four sacks high, and rauroaa
iron more than three tiers high, on the *
Or by lauding articles of extraordinary *eignt,
such as locomotives, without special permission (la
writing) from the Company's agent; but that it
will hold all person^ liable for 6uch damages as
mav be occasioned by overloading tae «narves,
without special permission. ... .. ,
The Company also gives notice thatlt does not
undertake storage, ana will not be responsible for
losses or damage, from any to goods or ar-
ticles landed or -eceived on Ita wharv«.
All vessels of fifty tons and over not engaged in
receiving or discharging oargo, or seized by legal
pn^-ess and lvinsr at the wharf after such seizure,
will be charsredi&arfa^ at the rate of five cents
per registered ton 'or.eaL*L. esseK? ^
than tSty tons will be chained wharfage at the r*t«
°f(Sf STsufpnieotsfrom the interior to be deliver, a
to a vessel or agent on through bat of lading, iu
carrier placing produce, good*, etc., on the wharl
SbfiTiSScHMf Secretary.
1
..... '■

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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 243, Ed. 1 Saturday, December 30, 1882, newspaper, December 30, 1882; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth461561/m1/2/ocr/: accessed April 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.

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