The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 115, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 3, 1882 Page: 2 of 4
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Thursday, Anjast 3. 1882.
Persons leaving Texm*for the summer can. hare
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33f From this date all communications and
correspondmce forwarded to The News, advo-
cating the claims of candidates and aspirants
fur office, will be rel*jo>tud by the editorial
to the business department of the establish-
ment. The advertising columns of The News
are <3j?e?k to cUl sv.ch, if couched in decorous
and parliamentary language, on regular
terms, as to any other business anncntnce-
smente. Correspondents wiR guide themselves
i$l accordance with this notice. Tirne will be
&wed, perhaps, by addressing the business
deparhlient in the first instance.
The president of the freight handlers aa-
notmces that Bob Ingcrsoll and Beu Butler
fcill lecture for the benefit of the strikers. *
C ■ -— — —
THE^ew York Herald advises everybody
to keep In the sUado, keep sober and avoid
every extravagant indulgence, if they would
escape the fatal sunstroke.
The disarmament of the French marine
brigade Intended for Egypt is a consequence
of the Vote of the Chamber of Deputies re-
fusing supplies aud practically declaring
The Lowell Daily Citizen is responsible for
the statement that a Florida alligator, which
was killed the other day, had au empty two-
quart Jug In his stomach, but it doesn't ac-
count for the raaM,
. - i- 1
De XjESSBPS seems to be the biggest man in
Egypt just at this juncture. His business
there fs to protect the ca^al, and he is playing
bis little game with the boldness of a Napoleon
and the bravado of a Falstaft.
Thejre Is a story going the rounds that
Arabi Pasha onCe r« u a confeotioner's estab-
lishment ia New Orleans, aud that it was
there be learned the efficacy of the taffy he
preiends to tender the English about surren-
dering on conditio is.
There are nine daily paper* iu Tennessee.
Pour of them are for General Bate, the regu-
lar Democratic nominee for governor. Four
ara for Fussell, the bolters' candidate, aud on?
for Eawkins, the Republican. Here is a good
place for Che; to insert ins little wedge.
The tariff on quiui
tion to 7000 ounces, i
ufacturers pock :>
while the govern men
the removal of
e reduced the iirrporta-
i the Philadelphia man-
millions of money,
lost its revenue. Since
•iiibitory tariff in IS"
or 1STS, the iin or. '.ti .n ha? risen to o00,000
The United i- fus s id has a finder in the
Anglo-Egyptian pie. Tue French residents at
Port Said prot- gt against the withdrawal of
the French squadron from those waters, and
ear, and breaks it to the English hopes. He
has dilly-dallied so long tha£ the English ha?e
grown suspicious that he really intends to aid
Arabi in defending Egypt, and they will not
now allow him to land an expedition in Egypt
except upon the terms stated—that is the sup-
pression of Arabi as a rebel, and the pro-
tection of Egypt against his followers under
The Democratic nominees for governor
and lieutenant-governor in South Carolina
are men of the highest character, and have
ability and qualifications eminently fitting
them for the responsibilities and duties of the
offices for which they have been named. They
are representative members of the Hamptou-
Butler Democracy, possessing courage for any
emergency and conservative training for the
best interests of the State. CoL Hugh S.
Thompson has given general satisfaction as
State school superintendent, and Col. John C.
Sheppard, as attorney-general, has gained
great distinction as a man of nerve and a law-
yer of learning and ability.
The rebuke given to President Arthur, yes-
terday, by the two houses of Congress, comes
near balancing the account of the shortcom-
ings of senators and members. In fact, a
feeling of forgiveness crawls over the average
editor who has been saying naughty things of
them, and a rousing three cheers, with a tiger,
over the defont of the veto, is theirs with the
country's "well done." They may adjourn
and come heme now to reap the reward
grateful constituencies have in store for them.
All honor to the brave Republicans and Demo-
crats who had the courage to take the presi-
dent, with his twaddle of sham constitutional-
ism, by the throat and shake him.
threaten to pLnv thj *<
tection of the Unit d H
The mortality in N
Ss just now greater t
Havana, Vera Cruz
there is no talk of o r
"York or the sun. Ti e
death of one hundred cl
adults in a single Jay i".
simply appall in*.-.
under the pro-
fit ;s ii' their protest is
i'or\< from sua heat
uri the epidemic in
" [ >.tamoros, and yet
m ining either New
n ouncement of the
l lren and ninety-four
.'.a excessive heat is
How is the oui->ide world to know whether
550 Christians wete murdered by Arabi
Pasha's Bedouins at l>amanhour, Toutah and
INaiballe? Tha t.itemeat of English cor-
respondent-? can not b j acr-epte I as truth
without c rroborat;oi;,s;uca they are permitted
to write only such matters as the authorities
dictate or permit.
All the pow r un led in asking Russia to
explain t:ie wit: Jr..v. iJ of her embassador
from the Euro; e n conference. Will they
unite in asking ti e Fiench Chamber of Depu-
ties why they withdraw the French fleet from
Alexandria and P^rc Sa:d* And will they ask
Germany wby she was pleased at the action
of the French Chamber?
An interesting and
vass is in'progress i:
The race is between
railroad, and Gover. •
candidate, for the pr
Choctaw nation. Bot!
ing, but it is believed
iurnished to the Ove
warmly contested can-
l the Indian Territory.
i>. F. Small wood, anti-
,r Overton, the railroad
.ncipal chiefship of the
ii have a large follow-
r ilroad money is being
rtonites, and bloodshed
The Birmingham (Ala.) Age has been over-
hauling the figures of Republican legislative
profligacy in that Sta' e, and furnishes these
Under theadminiftra ionrf Gov. Smith (Repuh-
lican), t'ne leei-litive expenses for 'wo vear,- were
Sl'.;3 (a-0; under Gov. l-wi- ' Republican), $*223,000;
to'ai 5*415,000. L'n ier <; .v. Cobb, first terui, $45.-
519, sec-'ad. .i-ll,UO0; t ^ ~i;,51ti for four years,in
st j.ul of ? 113,uOO, u:.u<'.r Kepublicaa admiais.ra-
The rules govern ng sirmy correspondents
in Egypt preclu l the possibility of both sides
being heard. We a ' have the English ver-
sion only ol affairs iu the future, as has been
mainly the case heretjf«<i"Therefore it may
fairly be assumed that Arabi Pasha is not so
bad a man as he is rep; ta .-nted to be, and that
his cause is not so Lo;-fleas as subsidized or
supervised coiTespondents would make the
Belgium has a population of 470 to the
square mile; theU' ted Si tes thirteen to the
square mile. A newspaper statistician has
taken the trouble to < ilculata our prospective
density, and figures it out that were the
United States as thickly inhabited as Belgium,
we should have a total population of 1,830,-
, 000,000. And it is further shown that if the
same ratio of increar»e of the population pro-
ceeds as in the past, the twenty-fourth cen-
tury of the Christian era will afford the
census-takers just tha~ sort of a job.
It lias now come simo.y duwn to a question be-
tween the Turkish erupiro and the British empire,
aud the saocess of ii iti ii arms, speedy and abso-
ht e, even t'.. the ext rminatioa of t!»e Turkish
power, is as assured a:i destiny. [New Orleans
Perhaps you've got it down wrong. Just
now the portents are that Eastern Europe will
object to an English establishment on the Hed-
iteranoan coast of Africa. Other empires be-
sides the Turkish are involved in the destiny
of Egypt, and the work of "extermination"
may not be so "speedy and absolute" as a su
perfieinl view of the situation seems to fore-
From the prevalence in the House of Lords
of a sentiment averse to Gladstone's liberal
policy in regard to the arrears of rent, and the
improbability of the lords and commons agree-
ing, it ls surmised that a change of administra-
tion may occur before tue matter is settled.
If the conservatives com - into power the Mar-
quis of Salisbury will pro'ably be the next
premier. The presen* trouble is that the lords
have amended the a-r ar , of rent bill in a
sense contrary to the plan of the government.
The conservatives in the co nmons are expected
to make an effort to de.eat the government
on its Irish policy.
The sultau continues to blow hot and cold
wi;h the English authorities. lie is willing
to send troops to Egypt, but is unwilling to
place them under B ::sh orders. He is will-
ing to pretend to depose Arabi Pasha, but
ke-jps the word of promi-e to that chieftain's
The Democratic bolters of Tennessee are
now called the Fusseliiers, after their leader,
Fussell. The Avalanche says " their Democracy
is all wcol, a yard wide, sky-blue, and no
moth-holes in it. It is the Democracy that
pays the national and State debt according to
the contract, and has no nonsense about it."
The wool-hat Democracy has been long known,
trusted and honored, but this new-fangled all-
wool type is rather suspicious. Down this way
the all-wool element doesn't vote the Demo-
cratic ticket to any great extent. There is
another fatal point in the Avalanche's defini-
tion of the Fusseliiers—-that idea of paying
the State debt dollar for dollar. A very small
squad of Tennesseeans are going to give them-
selves away in that style.
SHAM REVERENCE FOR THE CONSTI-
The passage of the river and harbor bill by
both the House and the Senate may be con-
strued as at once a rebuke to the president
and a vindication of Congress. The bill un-
doubtedly contained much objectionable mat-
ter. It had, however, a preponderating pro -
portion of good and • urgent matter, and the
country in general will approve the action of
Congress in overriding the president's veto,
and thus stamping with its implied contempt
the reasons assigned aud recommendation sub-
mitted iu the veto message. There is nothing
new in the president's homily on the vice of
log-rolling legislation. Nor is the remedy
which he suggests entirely original. In fact it
may be said to date back to the Tudor
and Stuart dynasties in England, and to more
ancient despotisms where one supreme head
lumped together executive aud legislative
functions aiii levied taxes and made appro-
priations acoordiug to its pleasure. Bat there
is something new and quite phenomenal in
the appearance of the chief of the stalwart
Reprblicans, who now occupies the presiden-
tial chair, as a strict constitutionalist and a
determined stickler for constitutional limita-
tions upoji the law-making power. As Mr.
Arthur is not an idiot, he must know that his
party has never hesitated, through an
accommodating Congress or an ac-
commodating executive, to strain
and wrench tbe constitution to
serve a momentary purpose or carry out a
favorite policy. Yet he tells us that it is rev-
erence for the constitution which above all has
induced hiua to veto the river and harbor bill.
4< My principal objection to the bill," he says,
44 is that it contains appropriations not for the
common defense or the general welfare, and
which do not promote commerce among the
States. The-^e provisions, on the contrary, are
entirely for the benefit of particular localities
in which it is proposed to make the improve-
ments. I regard such appropriations of pub
lie money as beyond the power given
by the constitution to Congress and
the president." Thus we are told
that it is an infraction of the constitution to
appropriate public money for the mere benefit
of particular localities; but in all Mr. Arthur's
political life he has, as a stalwart
Republican, upheld the policy of tax-
ing the people and indirectly tak-
ing both public and private property, not for
the common defense or the "general welfare,
not for the promotion of commerce among the
States cr with foreign countries, but for the
benefit and comfort and aggrandizement of
private interests. The constitution of the
United States, the constitutions of the
several States of the Union, the
constitutions of all civilized States
the world, provide that private
property may be taken for public use upon
just compensation to the owner; but no in-
stance is known of a constitution which pro-
vides for taking publie property or private
property without compensation, either pri-
vate or public, for private use. Nevertheless,
Mr. Arthur has been a stout upholder of a
policy which has systematically wrought this
spocies of appropriation and transfer—a
policy the tenor of which has been aptly de-
scribed by Mr. Justice Miller, speaking for
the Supreme Court of the United
States, in these words; 44 To lay with
one hand the power of the government
on the property of the citizen, and with the
other to l^stow it upon favored individuals to
aid private enterprises and build up private
fortunes, is none the less a robbery because it
is done under the forms of law and is called
taxation." With views of constitutionality
broad enough to cover such a policy, why
should the president feel constrained by con-
stitutional scruples to put his veto upon river
aud harbor appropriations for local improve-
ments of doubtful public utility? Had he, and
the school of politicians to which he belongs,
not been in graver matters than this lax to
licentiousness in construing the constitution
the principal reason which he assigns for the
veto might be accepted as sincere; but
it is, this can not be accepted as his
true reason. As circumstances would
seem to indicate, his true reason for tbe
veto was complex. First, the defeat of
the bill would indefinitely set back the im-
provement of water routes and seashore out
lefs in a manner calculated to create a whole-
some competition not agreeable to certain lo-
cal interests in Mr. Arthur's faverite section.
Second, an effectual veto of the bill, followed
by the adoption of the president's recommen-
dation, would place at his disposal $10,000,000
to be expended at his discretion, and with a
degree of favoritism which he might see fit
to practice erom partisan considerations, or
to promote his own political aspirations. .It
curious to note, too, that if Congress had
adopted the plan recommended by the presi-
dent, it would have enabled him to do,
if he chose, the very thing which be de-
clared to be beyond the power given by the
constitution to Congress and the president—
to make "appropriations not for the common
defense or the general welfare, and which do
not promote commerce among the States," but
entirely for the benefit of particular locali
railroad companies as common carriers have
certain obligations which they may be com-
pelled to perform. This Judge Haight
also admits. As illustrative details of
this principle it has been held by
different courts that a railroad company may
be compelled to run its trains over a particu-
lar bridge, to deliver and receive grain at a
specified elevator, to relay a track taken up.
to run trains to the terminus of its line, to
build and maintain a depot at a designated
place, to stop trains at a given station, to
make close connection with another line, and
to do various other things for the convenience
and accommodation of the public required by
its obligations as a common carrier. It was
only the other day that Justice Cullen, of the
Supreme Court in Brooklyn, granted an alter-
native writ of mandamus requiring the Long
Island Railroad Company to fulfill its obliga-
tions as a common carrier. " There must," said
that Judge, 44 be a substantial compliance with
the obligations of the company to the public,
and this may lie enforced by mandamus."
The Herald reasons that under the conserva-
tive decision announced by Judge Haight
legislation wiH be needed to remedy the evil
of obstructed business the extent of which
makes its occurrence a public calamity far
more than a series of private wrongs. There
was some sentimental effusion in the prelimi-
nary remarks with which Judge Haight intro-
duced his decision. The judge said the con-
flict between labor and capital was most
serious, and it is the duty of the court to pro-
tect the rights of the poor man, but it can not
say what wages the company shall pay him.
This piece of extra judicial sentimentalism
may perhaps be put down to the account of
an elective judiciary. At least it is not con-
clusive of anything. It may be buncombe,
but has little to do with the matter. The
answer would be, that is not what is
sought; let the companies hire other
men if they do not want the ser-
vices of their late employes. The public
does not ask what wages they are paying.
There have been delays enough in the process
for procuring the mandamus to allow the com-
panies a tolerably good opportunity of ascer-
aining what help they can get to work their
lines. It is reasonably presumed that the lines
can not be allowed to remain disused during
the pleasure of obstinate managers. There
may be objections sufficiently strong to sus-
tain the judge in refusing to grant an immedi-
ate and peremptory mandamus, wl^ch would
determine the strike. It is a delicate thing to
settle such questions by mandamus where suit
is open and great peril is not imminent, but
only a loss, which may be endured while an
orderly method of solution of individual claims
for damages is open, and while the labor ques-
tion by the latter plan is less liable to be in-
juriously affected than by the plan of man
damus. The public interest in the matter is
not wholly one-sided, and even strikers them-
selves, however badly used by companies, will
have learned something if they acquire the
knowledge that courts and mandamuses are
not to be relied on to give labor an incidental
lift in a crisis like theirs. If in the
end the companies shall show that they are
paying all the wages they can pay without
loss, it is hardly probable that either courts
or the legislature, which has fixed or may fix
the rates of freight, will refuse to consider
any such substantial argument, or will order
them to continue business at a loss. As to the
sentimentalism of the judge, he may be criti-
cised for it, though the sentimentalism was
provoked by extreme sentimentalism outside.
That little incident of the process, however,
is some relief in a certain form to the stilted
formality of courts, which are supposed to be
so frigidly decorous as to faii to see and hear
all that transpires around them, aud in any
way, even with some faultiness of taste, it
not wholly discouraging to see any judge
break away somewhat from the starched
stolidity of his caste.
A MANDAMUS DECISION.
There are two things which courts ought
not to do. One is, to make the law; and
another is, to decide matters outside of
law—statutory or common. The difficulty of
ranging each particular grievance under its
proper statute and presenting it in its proper
fornf; the crudenes3 of statutes which in seek-
ing to improve the common law have super-
seded it, but doue so in a defective manner:
the failure in particular cases to find or bring
out circumstances giving adequate and exa<5t
expression to the grievance, the fear of im
plying too much in attempting to establish
enough to justify the action of tha court in
interfering with defendants and curtailing
their freedom, must account for the unsatis-
factory results of numerous efforts to redress
grievances by applications to the courts.
Beside ordinary suits or actions at
law there are other process ?s which
are found convenient, but which
equity are to be carefully watched and
cautiously delt with by the courts, as where
a judge is asked to grant a mandamus or order
compelling a party to do something, or an in-
junction forcing him to stop doing something.
The decision of Judge Haight, of the Supreme
Court of New York, denying the application
of the attorney-general of that State for a
mandamus to compel the New York Central
and the Erie Railroad Companies to receive
and forward freight, is severely criticised by
the New York Herald, which objects to the
ruling that each party having a grievance
should sue the companies, and which cites
rulings of courts, including the Supreme Court
of the United States aud several State Sn
pre me Courts, to establish the principle that
THE ENGLISH-EO YPTIAN WAR FROB-
Some days ago The News gave some statis-
ts of Egypt—the best at hand—partially
showing its population and resources. As it is
likely to continue for some time to be the fo-
cus of the world's attention, all available in-
formation will be of general interest. Spof-
ford's Year Book for 1331 furnishes the latest
reliable data as to the area, population, mate-
rial resources, taxation, industries, etc., of the
khedive's dominions. Egypt contains an area
of SC9,391 square miles, a territory three and
a third times as large as Texas, 107,751 square
miles larger than the Republic of
Mexico, and larger than the territory in-
cluded in Great Britain, France, Germany
Spain and Portugal, which together only ag-
gregate 751,060 square miles. Thi3 vast coun-
try embraces Egypt proper, Nubia and the
Soudan, and the population of the whole, was
estimated in 1377 at 17,402,627. The value of
the imports into the country at that date was
$223,644,000 annually, and the exports that
year amounted to $615,229,643. It is stated
that more than $300,000,000 of this immense
trade was with Great Britain. The Year
Book further shows that in 1879 the public
revenues of Egypt amounted to $49,683,000; the
expenditures for the same time to $51,200,000.
The public debt was $393,420,140, having been
scaled down from above $500,000,000 in the
settlement that England is now trying to en-
force, and which Arabi Pasha repudiates.
The army numbered at that time 59,760 men,
and the navy consisted of fourteen vessels. In
1877, Egypt was operating 1080 miles of rail-
way and 5260 miles of telegraph. The total
population of males capable of bearing arms
was set down at 3,430,523, 41 a host," it has
been remarked, 44 much greater than *ie
army of 1 a thousand thousand,' which was
led to the spoliation of Jerusalem." Frem
these figures the intelligent mind will
doubtless draw the conclusion that Eng-
land is embarked in a perilous
venture, aid may have to devote
her vast resources to its proseoution years be-
fore she conquers. She will easily secure the
coast cities aud may occupy desirable territory
along the frontier, including that bordering
:he Suez canal, but when she undertakes to
send her armies into the interior to subjugate
the country or to dislodge Arabi Pasha's
forces, she may find that she has encountered
a second Schamyl and a national fortitude
equal to that which baffled Russia for nearly a
quarter of a century, or an Abdel-Kader,
whose skill and prowess troubled the French
for so many years in Algeria. If Arabi
should prove to be a great gen-
eral and a consummate organizer
and manager of men, Generals Wolseley and
Allison will have no pleasant pastime in pur
suing 4' the children of the desert" into the
mountain fastnesses of the interior, and into
plains of sand swept by scorching and death-
dealing winds. If Arabi is equal to the great
emergency that confronts him, he has doubt-
less ere this augmented his army to many
times the number England is likely to land in
Egypt at an early day. Every little success
of Arabi's command will inspire confidence
among the Egyptians, and greatly increase his
strength. It is shown that he has vast re
sources to draw from, and all tbe indications
point to the most determined resistance, if not
to a prolonged, bloody and disastrous war.
England, however, has her traditional skill in
diplomacy to fall back on, and as that has
never failed her in the past, so in this imbro-
glio it may achieve w hat her armies may fall
short of accomplishing.
What the Interior Papers Say.
The Brenham Banner speaks of a church
pic-nic which was enlivened by a foot race
in which all the runners were married wo
men, but aoes not give the name of the vic-
tor who outstripped all others in the race.
The Banner has a timely, though probably
a useless, editorial on the prevalent gambling
mania called option dealing. The passion for
games of chance seems to be quite as strong as,
and more general than, the thirst for strong
drink, and, oace fixed on an individual
about as hard to cure. The Banner thinks
dealing in futures should coma under the same
legal rules as gambling of other kinds, and
Why should the man who plays faro be ostracis-
ed, arid the one who wins money by betting what
the price of wheat or cotton will be next month
be lauded? Where is justice, where are the
t=achei^ and the preachers and the moralists?
They have an abundance of time, and words in-
numerable to condemn gambling and whisky-
drinking, but not a word to spare to condemn tbe
dealing in options and futures. Society is yet to
be educated up to a higher standard.
Speaking of the Democratic State platform,
the Uvalde Hesperian says:
The platform declares iu favor of a tariff " for
revenue only." wnile, without question, a great
many will refuse to vote for any man for Con-
gress who is not strongly in favor of a tariff for
protectioa. There are numerous issues brought
dir«*c ly before the judgment of the intelligent
voter of the present era which he can accept or
reject without the instructions of party politi-
Now is the time for the enemies of the edi-
tors of Texas Siftings, if they have any, to
rejoice. The Sifters are about to imitate the
old alcalde and publish a book, pictures and
all. There will be a hot war on the question
whether as a comic work it will equal the
governor's book. The Siftiers may get off
more jokes, but their artist can not cope with
the man who got up the illustrations for
Roberts's Tex js.
The Fort Worth Democrat-Advance, like
the noble red man and fabled swan, sings its
own death-song, passes in its checks and goes
where the woodbine twineth. It dies with
Tbe "cash balance" has been as light as the
heart that Inspires these u: terances.
The Castroville Quill (Republican) exclaims:
A whole platform of " the gmndold Democratic
party "—net a splinter of free nchoolsl
The ninth and tenth resolutions of the De-
mocratic State convention do not appear to
have gone through the Quill. The ninth reso-
lution declares that no part of the common
school lands or funds should be, in any case,
used for the benefit of the university, and that
the money heretofore diverted from the uni-
versity and school funds should be repaid to
said funds by the State with the interest
thereon. The tenth resolution is in " favor of
the fullest education of the masses, white and
colored, in separate common schools," etc.
The pre ent editor of the Quill is either not so
well informed or not disposed to be as fair as
that paper has been under the editorship of
The Belton Journal says:
We sincerely regret the wrangles in the State
convention on the occasion of selecting the su-
pr- me and appellate judges. A scramble for any
office is bad en ugh, but when made for a judicial
position it sickens.
Alluding to the report that money is to be
sent from the Republican national committee
to be used in the pending election in Texas, the
Belton Journal says; "The Texas voters that
money can influence do not go in droves." The
Jourual seldom makes a mistake, but it does
so in this. There is, beside the negroes, a large
floating population in Texas, as every where, who
do not regard the right of suffrage as of more
value than a few dollars or free liquor during
the canvass. We have stringent laws against
bribery in elections which should be rigidly
enforced. Unfortunately they are so violated
by all parties that none are free to prosecute
others. It is like log-rolling in nominating
conventions—all do it.
North Texas affects the good old plan of
Rob Roy Macgregor, that those who have tbe
power will take. The Gainesville Register
At the Galveston convention North Texas for
the first time made her Influence felr. There were
180 counties and about 600 votes. Eight counties
in Jiorth Texas, to wit: Dallas, Collin, Cooke,
Tarrant, Ellis, Johnson, Grayson and Lamar, cast
about one-sixth of these 600 votes. The time hr.s
passed when North Tnxas shall be called upon to
cast most of the votes and get none of the offices.
The San Antonio Express thus speaks of the
death and burial of one of the first settlers of
the present city of Galveston:
Major J. A. Settle, whom we reported as in a
v«ry precarious condition at the Santa Rosa hospi-
tal, died Sunday night, from dropsy. His brother
was by his bedside in his list moments. He was
buried from St. Mark's Episcopal Cathedral. The
remains were followed to the grave by the Texas
Veterans, of which association he was an honored
member. The major was born in Virginia sixty-
seven year - ago. Coming to Texas about the year
""1, he settled in Galveston, where he lived in
easy circumstances for a number of years. At
that place he was a member of the Galveston Ar-
tillery for coast defense in 1341 and 1842. Since
then he hag lived in several Texas ci ies, but most-
ly in S^n Antonio. He was highly resp-cted by
ail for his very excellent traits of character, and
his 'leath is generally regretted.
The Express also says:
Everything is quiet in this district as far as the
congressional election is concerned. It is taken
for granted that Mr. Upson will be a candidate for
re-electloa, though he has not so announced his In-
tention, and therefore there is as yet no formally
announced candidate In the field. The name of
Hon. John Hancock, of Austin, has been fre-
quently mentioned as a probable candidate, though
we have seen nothing from that gentleman indi-
cating such a oourse. There is an anti-Upson
movement being organized in the northern por-
tion of the district, but what force it will develop
remains to oe seen. Judge Ireland spent Sunday
night hi our olty, and left Monday morning for
Bonham, in response to an invitation to attend a
gathering of the Demooracv of Fannin and ad-
joining counties. He ls als > invited, and expect^
to attend, a similar meeting at Sherman on the
The Seguin Times jestingly says;
Tbe country editor who can't get all the beer
and cigars he wants during the canvas* from can-
didates, should be expelled from the Press Asso-
Many a truth masquerades in the garb of
The Corsicaua Courier says " the election
bleeders are beginning to appear." No old-
time country doctor ever bled his patients
more thoroughly than the class alluded to by
the Courier bleed the patriots who offer to
serve the country. The old-time blackmailers
of England were moderate in their demands
in comparison with the leeches who suck the
life blood from candidates. The English free-
booters only took a portion of the goods and
money of the victim and protected him in the
enjoyment of the remainder, but those who
levy contributions on candidates take all and
then imitate Oliver Twist in the cry for more.
The Cuero Star states that a German paper
will be started at Victoria about the 1st of
September. Dr. Urwilz and Mr. Sparrow
will be the editors.
Tbe Seguin Times counts one for the rural
Twenty-five of the country press were in Gal-
veston, and twenty-two were for Ireland. Ire-
land's nomination was a triumph of the country
This kind of talk from an article in the
Sherman Courier is what makes the Dallas
Herald jealous of Galveston. The Courier
prints nearly a column of it:
After a sojourn of two weeks amone her people
we have nothing but pleasant things to say of thi>
beautiful city down by the sea, and we are glad
that we have made her acquaintance. With due
respect for our own home at Sherman, we must
say that we live at "a poor dying rate" when we
contrast the meager enjoyments of life afforded
there with those lavishly found here. If we were
always sure of a competency, we do not know of
a place where we would sooner go to spend the
summer of our short existeuoe than Galveston.
Beside her infinite variety of luxuries to eat, she
has such a kindly, genial atmosphere for the quiet
of old age. Broad streets run from :he
gulf to the bay, intersected at right
angles by wide, smooth avenues, straight aud
direct as a mathematical line across the island.
Two avenues especially, Bath aud Broadway,
cros* each other at right angles through the cen-
tre of the city. They are each some 150 feet wide
and are simply royal iu length and beauty. Let
the eye run along them till lost in the distance,and
it will only take in beautiful residences, some of
which are truly palatial, surrounded by flower
gardens, orange, lemon, banana and fig trees,
which carry their eolden fruit from January until
December. No frost appeared here lasr winter we
are told. The sidewalks are laid with durable
brick or tesseiated flag imported from England or
Germany. But the cap-sheaf of all beau; if ul
things for bordering a street is i he
oleander, from fifteen to twenty feet high
and retaining its gorgeous flowers of
pink and white the year around. Another attrac
tive featnre is the public parks maturing with
beauty incomparable. Were the ordinary Texan
of Middle or Northern Texas who has never been
here to sit down at the Pavilion on the beach,
at Gardeoview oa Sunday evening, he would open
his eves in wonder, snrpri e and admiration,
thinking he had been translated to some new
sphere. The beauty of the glittering, glimmering
waves, the bracing, cooling breeze are free to all.
Wfaile hundreds fl.id their way t here on week nights,
thousands reoair on Sunday nights to walk,
to talk, to drive or to bathe. On the whole Galves-
ton la a well-kept, healthy town, the pride and
elory of Texas, and has but few peers in the
Union. If We owned a fig tree with a vine clamber-
ing ever it, we would oome here and sit under it
till our sun bhould set, without a frown.
They keep black tigers in Brenham. The
As the cotton picking season draws near the
sporting darkies flock to the towns; the country
darky picks the cotton and comes to town with
the proceeds of his labor in his pocket; the sport-
ing darky then pounces dowu on the cotton
picking darky and picks him.
Questions lor Hon. O. W. Jones.
[To the News."]
Browuwood, Texas, July 27, 1882.—Will
you permit me, as an honest inquirer, through
the columns of your paper, to ask tbe follow-
ing questions of Hon. G.JW. Jones, candidate
1. Are you a Republican?
2. If you answer nay to the first question,
then say if you are in sympathy or not with
the Republican party.
3. Are yon a Greenbacker?
4. If you answer nay to the third question
then please state whether or not you are i:;
sympathy with th® Greenback party.
These are mooted questions with us, and the
frieuds of Colonel Jones say that ho will an-
swer directly yea or nay, so that there wi 1
not be any misunderstanding in the future.
If he does not answer " directly " it will be un-
derstood with us that he is in sympathy with
the Republican party as charged. Very
truly yours, _ John Plank,
From Livinsitea, Polk Conuly.
LTo the News.l
Livingston, August 1, 18S2.—Our people
are well satisfied with tbe nominations of the
convention held in Galveston, and will roll up
a good majority for the nominees.
Our District Court is still in session, and will
adjourn this week until next term.
A negro had his skull crushed by another
negro with a singletree, near Goodrich, last
Friday. He is not dead yet, but is expected
to die, by the attending physician. If be doe;
die it will go rather hard with the negro who
did the bloody work. The negro who com
mitted the deed is now in jail.
Crops are very good yet, and, if no disaster
befalls the cotton crop, we will ship from this
place at least 3000 bales of cotton this season.
Bremond's narrow-gauge railroad is doing a
big business hauling lumber and ties. Mr.
Bremond is pushing his road right through to
Nacogdoches, and will be there in a few
months. About ail the grading is finished,
and the track is laid to Bradley Prairie, in
Angelina count v. Y.
Weather, Crops and Theology ia An-
lTo The 3tews.l
Homer, July 23.—We have had fine rains
here, and crops are now doing well, especially
cotton. There is, however, soma talk among
the farmers of worms in the cotton; but there
is no serious alarm about worms yet, and a
full crop is confidently looked for. J. De Witt
Burkhead, D. D., a Presbyterian minister,
and the evangelist of the East Texas Presby-
tery, assistod by the Rev. J. J.. Hines, has
lately concluded a series of meetings at this
place, and without detracting from any one,
1 will say that Mr. Bul khead is pronounced
by those of this community who are compe-
tent to judge, to be the clearest and most
forcible reasoner that has ever been among
the people here, or perhaps that has beeu
heard by them elsewhere. He certainly pos
sesses, in a high degree, the qualifications
necessary to a successtul evangelist. I would
not, if I were to attempt it, be able to convey
a true or full idea of his great powers as a
teacher of theology, and therefore shall pot
attempt it further. My apology for intruding
on your space is that, as your paper is read
everywhere, this may induce some persons,
who would not otherwise do so, to attend the
llrat of his series of sermons wherever he may
hold meetings, and thus save themselves the
embarrassment of losing the connection be-
tween his discourses. J- *>•
TUB MISSISSIPPI PROBLEM.
The Plan of Combining Jetties, Levee»j
Outlets and Locks,
LTo The News.l
Austin, August lr 1882.—A recent article on
the Mississippi problem in your weekly edi-
tion called my attention to that important
subject, and I trust you will allow me to make
the following remarks, for the benefit of all
concerned, through the columns of your
paper. As an eng;n^er and a former native
of the land of dikes and canals, where hydraulic
engine ering has attained such a high state of
perfection, i* is somewhat surprising to me to
noiice that the practical solution of the above
problem should cause so much diversity of
opinion even among government experts, and
probably resuit in the squandering of consid-
erable public money, without permanently
benefiting tbe millions of our fellow-c.tizens
along our national river.
Captain Eads's jetty work at the river's
mouth is, beyond question, not only correct in
principle, but its practical efficiency in accom-
plishing the very purpose for which it was
constructed is already too well known to need
any further comment. The simple lact, how-
ever, that with the gradual removal of the
sandbar the river's current would proportion-
ately increase, causing the river bed toward
the mouth to be gradually raised by deposition
of the solid matter carried along in proportion
to the said increased current, seems either
totally ignored or else pprposely overlooked in
the customary devil-may-care fashion of our
Under the circumstances, the only practical
and permanent solution of the problem is the
construction and thorough maintenance of
several additional outlets for the surplus
water, so constructed, however, that the
velocity of the main stream can be sufficiently
controlled, and never allowed to exceed but
slightly its original velocity before the remo-
val of the bar.
By taking advantage of the many bayous
etc., intersecting the lower Mississippi vallev,
the additional construction of canals of suffi-
cient width, either to straighten out the course
of the said bayous, etc;., or else to connect
them, to form "the most direct outlet to the
gulf, can not present much practical difficulty.
To make them, however, fully effective in
controlling the current's velocity iu the main
stream it is strictly necessary that at least
some of them be provided with locks of the
most substantial character and best design,
placed as the peculiar lay of the country *hali
require, provided with ample sectional inlet
from the main river and properly connected
by telegraph with the river signal service bu-
rt-au, at New Orleans or elsewhere. Wher-
ever local conditions require it. it is highly im-
portant that these canals, etc., shall
at all times be kept at proper
depths at points subject to filling up, and that
wherever necessary the jetty system be also
applied to the outlet of these canals into the
gulf, and to such o her places throughout their
length as shall require it. In this manner the
discharge area of the main river is under con-
trol, the canals carrying off in the most direct
course about all the surplus water as fast as it
reaches given points; the rapidity of the cur-
rents in said canals being in direct ratio to
their shorter course than the main river, ^vhose
many bends, etc., cause greater re.-istance
and less fall in a given air-line distance.
In addition to the above canals, etc., tbe
bed of themaiu river should also be straight-
ened out as much as local circum§tan^s make
it practical, and the present levee a^l jetty
systems kept in the very best possible condi-
tion, while drudging in certain localities after
the recent floods and their heavy deposits is
by no means to be neglected until additional
accumulations render it at once of utmost Im-
portance and very expensive. Finally, to re-
duce the sediment in the river to a minimum,
I am of the opinion that certain natural bends
above St. Louis, as elsewhere, might be util-
ized without great expense or impediment to
navigation, the exact nature of suoh work de-
pending, of course, entirely upon local circum-
stances; and that careful surveys made in the
upper or central part ef the Mississippi valley
may eventually lead to the discovery of one or
more natural outlet channels, or the
practicability of a consti-ucted outlet
canal, which is 'also provided with
locks similar to those described above, and by
means of which the river can be partially
tapped above as we;l as nearer to its mouth.
It can be proved by the experience of man}r
similar works abroad that there is no dang> r
whatever of the formation of another bar in
the future by reducing the velocity of the
main river currents again to about what it
formerly was, when said bar existed, pro-
vided the proposed system is followed and all
the work executed and permanently main-
tained.in the very best manner known to the
present engineering profession.
a. J. Verkonteren, Engineer.
The Valley of the Carrizal.
by william hiaden.
[Written for The News.]
It was our fortune on the 5th ultimo to meet
the general manager and the general superin-
tendent of the Mexican National Railway—
Mr, G. Clinton Gardner and Mr. S. T.fFuller—
at a hostlery in the little city of Villaldama,
Mexico, distant 110 miles from Laredo, Texas,
by rail. The good lady of the house paid her
guests assiduous attention, poured their^coffee,
and prepared their eggs with the proper quan-
tum of salt until these suited to a nicety, and
assisted in every way with matronly care to
make each of her patrons 44 as much at home "
as possible. Still the wanderer, fretting to
bejpleased with change of service and fare,
essays to prove some other inn, and finds that
mine host of the San Pablo offers a comforta-
ble retreat, hard by the church, and regales
his visitors at a comfortable table
and lodges them iu well-kept beds.
Breakfast being over, we were joined
by Don Salome Botello, a prominent citizen
and leading merchant of the city, and we
took the early morning train for his ranch
the Santa Ysabel—situated near the line of
raiiway, elghtv-five miles south westward
from Laredo. The general manager had his
horses and ambulance in waiting at the sta-
tion, and from here we drove across, five miles,
to tbe Hacienda del Carrizal, at the base of the
northern side ofjthe great Iron mountain,which,
rising suddenly from the plain, rears its lofty
peaks and scarred front and awful form be-
y nd the clouds, from 5000 to 6000 feet above
the valley and a thousand feet more above the
level of the sea. It is called El Cerro del
Carrizal, from carriaa, a cane, on account of a
canebrake on the border8 of the bro<>k at the
toot, the waters of which are utilized to irri-
gate the rich sugar plantations of Don Salome,
through which they flow.
Here the valley is about fifteen miles wide,
narrowing southward until the eastern and
western ranges almost unite at La Puerta de
la Gacha, fifty miles distant, and opens again
into an extensive plain, surrounded by high
mountains in the distance, and terminates
abi uptly at the base of tee great Sierra Madre,
immediately south of Monterey.
Among the many indigenous plants of this
valley, and of the mountains as well, are the
lechuguilla and maguay. From each of these
a fiber called ixtle is made by a laborious pro
cess with m inual labor. This fiber is exported
in large quantities, and eaters largely into thj
manufacture of brushes, mats, cordage, rugs,
etc. The product of the maguay is much
finer than that of the Icchuhuilia and In Mex-
ico is woven into fine textures and is used by
shoemakers to manufacture their best thread.
No machinery has yet b en invented, or, at
lea-t, the Mexican people know of none, suited
to economically break, hackle aud prepare
this natural product for use, and such ma-
chinery is greatly desired and inquired for,
and its Invention offers a field for Yankee
The soil of the valley is exceedingly rich,
and where water can be obtained for irrig i-
tion very productive. Take, as an example,
one of Don Salome's ca. e-fields, and we have
seen many similar, from 600 rows of cane,
each seventy-five varas, or 207 feet, in length,'
he obtains 2C0 cargas of sugar, weighing"800
pounds each,'which he s lis at his hacienda at
$13 per carga, yielding the snug sum of $3600.
The want of water in abundance is the great
drawback, and here another field opens for
tumbled in and the walls were spread. The
rich vestments of the priests had long ago,
with the altar pieces, been removed to Candela
and Santiago. The belle, too, were gone save
one, without a fougue, still pendant near the
dwelling. We struck it to test its tone, and
if possible to awake the voices of the past callr
ing to arms, to the marriage feast, to the
burial of the de^d, and it gave
One sound to all. yet each
Sent a meaning to its speech,
And tne meaning was manifold.
Dinner being over, we drove up to the mouth
of a wonder!ul ouve which we had come
especially to visit. The entrances are about
i ue mile from the ranch. The road, though a
little rough and considerably up hill, was
pretty good, and presented no difficulties as a
carriage-way. At the lower entrance a stream
bursts out, and before taking its course down
the mountain side is caught in a basin beneath
the shade of trees. Here we sac and refreshed
ourselves from this pure spring, and in order
to go dry-shod, prepared to enter the cave by
the upper entrance, BOine few yards abovo.
We had provided ourselves with a barometer
and compass, but having made some few read-
ings for altitude and after determining that
the mouth of the oave faced about due north,
they passed from recollection during our weird
passage under ground ami 1st the wonders and
attractions in the interior of the mountain.
We had two guides, trusty servitors of Don
Salome, who accompanied us from the
hacienda, provided with lamps and a
stout rope to assist in difficult descents. The
temperature, though high, was not uncomfort-
able, and the air was pure, evidencing good
ventilation, though there were no currents
enabling us to accurat&ly determine whence it
came. The cave for 200 yards or more was
nearly as broad as an ordinary road, and ten
to twenty feet in height. Then the lowering
roof made us bend to avoid the rocky cover-
ing, and further on to stoop lower still, and,
as we *tead ly progressed, brought us humbly
to our hands and knees, until, finally, prone
upon the floor, working our way upon our
arms, we emerged int 3 a lofty hall and took
rest under the high dome which our guides
termed 44 La Gloria "—another name for
heaven. Soon after we entered, on the left,
the "yaso" hall, whence, leaving, we contin-
ued our devious way through vaulted passages
and stately rotundas, whose high domes lay
far above the power of our lamps to illumi-
nate, owing to the vastness of their height.
Thence we came to a different descent, where
we made our rope fast to a convenient hole
wrought ages ago by the action of the water
upon the rocky side, and swinging ourselves
down, one at a tira», a distance of ten or fif-
teen feet, to an incline leading to a narrow
passage, in which, by bracing against the
sides, we descenea ten feet more, and thence
downward—how for I can not say, save that
it is close by and of easy access, to the basin
of the warm spring of which muoh was told
us. The temperature was not high—hardly
tepid, in our iudgment—but it is said to pos-
sess wonderful Invigorating properties, and it
is certainly pleasant to the taste. Taming
from this branoh we made our way easily to
another route, and brought up upon the bank
of a running stream having no known outlet,
bringing to mind Coleridge's lines:
In Xanadu did Kubla Kahn
A stateiy pleasure dome decree.
Where Alph, the sacred river, ran
Through caverns measurless to man,
Down to a sunless sea.
We stopped here to learn something more
from the "guides of the great extent of the
cave which they had traversed,up this branoh
far beyond to where the stream bursts througl
the rocks forbidding further progress. Though
much still remained to be explored, yet, as the
day was waning fast, we made haste to catch
the evening train, and though we made a
hasty exit and a rapid drive we arrived too
late and per force made our camp upon the
siding. Don Salome dispatched a messenger
to the Santa Isabel, who, after two hours, re-
turned with an ox cart, and brought us an ex-
cellent supj^er aud hot coffee. Lamps were
lighted, lor the day was done and the stars
were twiuklink through the ambient moun-
ta n air; the cloth was spread upon a flat-car,
and gathering'round we did ample justice to
our k ind host's provisions, but not lwfore the
special train came to take us to our respective
destinations and to rest.
enterpsise. It would seem that in a vallev of
this altitude, environed by mountain ranges,
with clear, cool water within from ten to fifty-
feet of the surface, and here and there crossed
by rumrng str ams from never failing rnoun-
t :in springs, that flowing artesian wells could
be bored, bringing water to the surface,
which is the on'y element wanting to readtr
it susceptible of being made one
of the great gardens of the world, presenting
to the eyes of the tourist as he passes through
tt.e grand scenery of m >u taius aud plains,
adorned and richly b a .tilled by the plants
an l flowers of the tempera'e and tropical
zones, as they pass in pan; ramie succession
b ;fore the open window of his palace car.
However, there is mu h of tha grand, peculiar,
andstiauge as it is, and the climaie is so en-
joyable and salubrious that if you woo it once,
its facinations are such that it never can be
At the hacienda we had an enjoyable din-
ner, which was hospitably spread in a large
apartment, tastefully, and upon a snow-white
cloth, and iu true Spani.-h style, followed by
well made coffee. In the meantime we strolled
around to examine the out-buildin~s, the an-
cient church, the former plaza, and there-
mains of the a artmen's inside of the line of
wall, now destroyed, which once served as a
bulwark against attacking savages. The stack
of the furnace still remained, indicating where
the smelting works once stood, when the silvor
mines close by were in operation.
The vast territory extending from La Ceja,
or the divide between tha waters of the Rio
Grande and the Rio Salado to the Hui-
sache, near Villaldama, say 100 miles
long by 30 miles in width, was a conces-
sion from Mier y Teran to the Lecen-
ciado Aquirre of Saltillo. He sold it to Fran-
cisco Gonzales Leon, who bought it for $5Q,U00
and paid $25,000 cash and gave his obligation
for the remainder. To make final payments
he sold the large estates of La Ceja and La
Baranca, and then to meet pressing wants,
mortgaged the well-known Mesa de los Cartu-
janos—a table mountain 1600 feet high, con-
taining an area of 70.000 acres, up the precipi-
tous sides of which neither man nor beist can
climb, and to which there is but one single
entrance by a road too steep even for a horse-
mau—for the paltry sum of a few thou-
sand dollars. " A iter this Leon took
sidts in a revolution and was to a
greater or le<s extent responsible for the un-
timely death of General Zuazua. For these
r asons it is stated he was forced to relinquish
the mesa. He then sold the large estate of
Golondrinas for $8000 to meet the expenses
Will cure Consumption, Coughs, Weak Lungs,
Bronchitis, Gen. Debility. Established 23 yrs.
The Dublin metropolitan police receive,tak-
ing clothes and everything into account,about
$5 a week. They are a magnificent body of
men, the A division especially, and shows a
degree of forbearance and propriety which
contrasts favorably with their brethren re-
ceiving $25 a week in New York. You see a
man with $25 a week can keep more thorough-
ly ugly drunk than one with $5.
SOUTHERN BOME SGH001 FOR GIRLS.
197 &. 199 If. Charlesst.9 Baltimore, MO*
Mas. w m. Cast, Miss Carv.
Established 1848. Freach tne language of the
M" Its. SVlViNt'S REp<$ EncTSi
French, German Bdg. A Day 8chooI f»r Girls,
6 & 8 E 53d st., N. Y. Tfaorongrh preparatory Colle-
giate course. Special students received in Music A
nil dep'ts. Room* tight and well ventHared and
health record without parallel. Reopens S.
riivil,, ItlEt UANICAL AND ittl.SiNO
Engineering at the Rensselaer Polytechnic
Institute, Troy, N, V. The eldest engineering
school In America. Next term begins September
14. The Regi-ter for 1883 contains a hst of the
graduates for the past 55 years, with their po i-
tious; also, courts of study, rwauiresuents, ex-
penses. etc. Ad. DAVID M ORSENB, Director.
"T> AliTI.^lOKE—I*IT. VKRNON INS. 46
JL J Mt. Veruon Place, B'd'g and Day Rome School
for Young Ladies and little girls. Founded 1859.
Mrs. 31. J. Jones and Mrs. U. Maltland. Principals,
agisted by a largr* corps of abte professors. Beau-
tiful situat.- n fronting one of thesquares surround-
ing Washington Momiment. Edooati-.nal advant-
ages unsurpa sed. Apply to principals for circulars.
medical DEPARTMENT of THE
IftlVEIlSlTY OP LOUISIANA,
The climcal teaching of
this institution Is oonducted in t..e w;.rd3 and
amphitheater of Abe great Charity HospitaL The
advantages thus afforded for the prac3ic*l study
of medicine and surgery are unequalled in the
United States. For circulars address
T. G. KlCHARDbON. M. D., Dean.
Take Hop Bitters three times a day, and
you will have no doctor bills to pay.
Notice to Consignees—The steamship GUA-
DALUPE, Nickersou, master. fi\»m New York, is
now dischanrinjr cargo at Williams's wharf.
Consignees will please pay freight and receive
their goods as landed, receipting for the same on
the wharf. All goods remaining on the wharf after
4 o'clock p. u. (not receipted for) may, at option of
steamer's agent, be placed in warehouses or covered
with tarpaulins on the wharf, but they are entirely
at risk of consignee or owner. All claims for dam-
ages must be adjusted be foe the goods leave the
wharf. J. N. SAWYER. Agent.
OFFI<JE GALVESTON CITY COMPANY,»
June 13, 188i f
At a meeting of the Board of Directors, holden
this day. among other proceedings the following
preamble and orders were passed:
Whereas this company has for many years re-
served from *ale eignt blocks in the western part
of the city, te wit: Blocks Nos. 897, 396, 399, 400,
457, 458, 459 and 400, and held the same open to pur-
chase by any railroad company at one-fourth less
than the graded prices fixed upon them;
Now, on it ordered, thar, from and after the I t
day of November nexr the said reservation be and
the same is hereby wiihdrawn, and the *aid eight
blocks be thrown into market, for sale to any pur-
chaser, ih blocks aad auarter blocks, at the graded
prices already fixed upon them.
Ordered, that the agent publish the foregoing
three times in The Galveston News, for general
A tiue copy from the minutes.
J. P. COLE,
August 1.1882. Agent Galveston City Co.
Auction Sale of Buildings.
will sell on the PREMISES
corner of 17th and Broadway,
SATURDAY, AT IS M. SHARP,
All the building on the property known as the
- — - -)SE pi-openy.
Lf NCH A PENLAND, Auctioneers.
SHE CF SHOESJT AUCTION.
will sell, at our sales-
rooms, Strand, FRIDAY, August 4, commencing
at 10 a. m.:
156 Cases ITXen's, Women's, Youths',
and Children's Boots and Shoes, Bro-
gans, Gaiters and Slippers, all desirable
and Seasonable Goods, direct from
manufacturers and suitable for this
LYNCH & PENLAND,
Bagging and Ties.
In Store and to Arrive:
15,000 Rolls and Half Bolls 1 3-4, 2
and 2 1-4 lbs. to Full Weight
Delta, Beard & Arrow Ties,
Write for prices and terms before purch'sinsr.
We beg leave to notify the
public that the partnership h ret of ore ex-
isting under the firm name of CONE & KOEKLER
is this dar dissolved by mutual consent, W3I.
koehler assuming ail liabilities, and to
wnom ail accounts now outstanding: should be
paid. M. J. CONE.
August 3, 1832. WM. KOEHLER.
Referring to the above i
wUh co announce that 1 will continue the
business at he old >-tand. on Tremont street,
where I will be pleased to see our many friends.
caused by his revolt, and finally parted with
~ — - - - - la del.Ci
to our friend Don Salome n?Jt many years ago.
the San'a Ysabel and Hacianda
The old church was in ruins. The roof had
Perfectly Healthful, and
the rscet durable known
to tbe trade.
Over l.?PC.0M Asaerican
ladies new wear ike
Double Eor#,Deafcle Steel,
Can be instantly adjusted
to St any form.
Every Corset Warrasted.
Beware of imitations. See
that the word DUPLEX
stamped en every Cerset.
For sale bv
greenleve, block Ac co.,
WANTED—AGENTS—IN EVERY PORTION
of tto^ Ua.ted States by the
GULF CITY MATRIMONIAL ASSOCIATION,
of Mobile, Ala., for unmarried white persons, male
and lemale. Office No. 9£ St. Michael street. Mo-
bile, Ala. Organized and chartered for 30 years
under tbe laws of the State of Alabama, July 7,
1SS2. Plans original. New features. Members
can marry at the expiration of three months. Ref-
erences given. Correspondence e licited forageu s
and member.*. Opportunity of a lifetime for
agents. Certificate^ f9000L Address per letter
Lock Box 726. Mobile, Ala., or in person at the
office, 32 S'. Michael itree:, Mobile, Ala.
Mobile, Ala., July 18. 1883.
C. I Edwards,
725 Haia St.,
Dealer in Chickernsg, Mathnshek. and other flrst-
da-8 pianos, organs, organicas, mu.-,ie-boxes, &c.
Full stock of small instruments for wholesale trade.
Send for catalogues before you buy.
Closnd Its 17th year with 2G7 young ladles, and 41
Esduates. Parents wanting a Sfchdol of l'rogress,
cperlence, Careful Mat--or—~ *-
Bnurunnto, k.ua and Thorough
Drilling in its Departments. IncTudiag Cutting an¥
Fitting, send for a new catalogue. Next y»ar opens
w. k. ward-
Mrs. Gen. J. E. B. STUART, Principal.
The next session WILL OFEN SEPTEMBER 14
with a full carps of teachers. Trainmg thorough
and terms moderate. Catalogue sent upon appll
cation to the Principal.
Washington aad Lee University
GENBRAL G. W. C. LEE, PRESIDENT.
Thorough instruction in lan-
guages, tlthratur.e 8nd -c1exce. and
is the Professional Schools of LAV." ar.d engi-
NEERING. Healthful location in the V; lley of Vir-
ginia. Necessary expenses for whole session, ex-
olujiiveof books and olotbe*, ne d not exceed ^2^5
to $800. Session opens St-nteaber 21. For oata-
logua address J. L. CAMPBELL. jr., Clerk, Lex-
GENERAL G. W. C. LEE. PRESIDENT.
FACULTY : O. A- GRAVES, M. A,, Professor
Common Law aud Equity: Hon. J. Randolph
Tucker, yUlX. Professor Constitutional La
Judge H. w. Sneffey, LL.D., Lecturer on Wills.
Judce Wm. MoL.auirMin Lecturer ou Pleading.
Session begin* September 81, 1092. For catalogue
dresS PROFESSOR C. A.
and full information,
GRAVES, Lexington^ va.
HOMME COLLEGE, ULEH, i'a.
Offers good advantages in
Classical and Scientific Courses. Eleciive, Busi-
ness and Preparatory Studies. German and Fr-nch
spoken. Large Library, beautiful and healthful
country*, five Churches, no bar-rooms. Increasing
patronage from fifteen Stares, including Texas.
Thirtieth session begins September 18. Expenses
very moderate. Catalogue, with cut of Buildings,
Grounds and Mountains, Fre ;.
Address Secretary of Faculty.
HAMILTON FEMALE COLLEGE
Well selected course of study. Special dep
ments for all the ornamental ' ranches. Faculty
large, able and experienced. Extensive grounds
for recreation. Exoellenf buildings, 160x88 feet,
four stories, containing 125 apartments. Commo-
dious Chapel, Nice Recitation, Ornamental, Play
and Bath rooms. Warmed by steam and lighted
with gas. Only two young ladies occupy a room.
Charges lower than any school offering equal ad-
vantages in the United States. Session beams Sept.
11, 1882. For terms, catalogues and further par-
ticulars. address J. T. PATTERSON, President,
THKv D0ZIER-WEYL CRACKER CO.,
ARE THIS LARGEST MANUFACTURERS OF CRACKERS IN THE WORLD
AUGUSTA FEMALE SEMINARY,
miss mary J. Baldwin ..Principal.
OPENS SEPTEMBER 6, closes june,
1883.—Unsurpased in its location, in i s build-
ings and grounds, ia its general appointments, and
sanitary arrangements; its full corps of superior
and experienoea teachers; its unrivaled advantages
in music, modern languages, elocution, fine arts,
physical culture and inntruction in the theory and
practice of cooking. The successful efforts made
to secure health, dbmfort and happiness. Iu op-
position to extravagance; its standard of solid
scholarship. For full particulars apply to the
(nashville, tenn., 1882-'83.)
The Chairs of the University are filled by forty
Professors and In>tructors. Last Fear 603 students
matriculated from 22 States.
The Aoademic, Biblical and Law Departments
open September 1, 1882. The Medical, Dental, and
Pharmaceutical Departments open October 1.
The Annual Register is sen* on application to
j. M. Leach, Secretary of the Faculty.
Two Post frad u ate Fellowships, worth S000 each,
and four Grailuate Fellowships, worth &k)0 each,
are annually awarded. L. C. GARLAND,
WESLEYAN FEMALE INSTITUTE,
Opens SEPTEMBER 20, 1883. One o! the First
Sohools for Young Ladies in the United States.
Surroundings beautiful. \ Climate unsurpassed.
Pnpils from oight<-en S'at^s. TERMS AMONG
TWE BEST IN THE UNION. Board, Washing,
English Course. Latin, French, German, las ru-
men tal Music, etc.. for Scholastic year, from Sep-
tember to June, $228. For Catalogues v,rite to
REV. WM. A. HARRIS, D. D.. Presidont
The next session begins 21st
.Septemoer. 1682. and continues nine mouths.
EDMUND HARRISON, A, M., Professor of
H. H. HARRIS. M. A.. Professor of Greek.
RODES MASS1E, A. M., D. L., Professor of Mod-
a. B. BROWN, D. D., Professor of English.
EDWARD B. SMITH, M. A., Professor~oi Mathe-
CHARLES H. WINSTON, M. A., Professor of
B. PURYE4 R. A. M., LL. D.. Prof, of Chemistry.
WM. D. xEOMA8, M. A., D.D., Professor oi Phy-
SAMUEL D. DAVIE**. Prof&psor of Law.
Expenses of a Resident Student.
Two hundred and four dollars, per nine months'
session, cover all the expenses of entrance fees,
tuition, boarn, fuel, lights and washing.
Eigh-y-seven dellavs and 8ffy cents will meet the
expenses of a non-res:dent student.
For Catalogues, apply at the bookstores or ad-
addre.-s K. PURYEAR, Chairman.
1. The Fortieth annual session will open on the
20th of September, IkSO.
?. Depot—Clover Dale, Shenandoah Valley R, R.
3. g. O., Botetourte Springs, Roanoke Co., Va.
4. For fuli boirj ai.<i mfffon ia ail Literary stu-
dies irora IBlO to ^36.
5. Mu«*ic of aU ^tyies from $50 to $G0.
6. Painting and £> awing from $29 to $49.
7. Pupils received fcr a si. gle session or a term
This institution, a'readv widely and favorably
known to the people of Texas, will commence its
next session with enlarged accommodations and
Improved facd tles in all departments, especially
'*** tho*e of Music and Art. ■ The beard of !n*truc-
The crackers manufactured by this comrany are the standard everywhere. Koflrst-
class grocer's stock is complete without an assortment of their PARROT BRAND OF
Determined to afford the Interior Merchant every
faoility in our power to superintend the details of his
business during the Cotton-picking and Ginning Sea-
son, we have purchased a large assortment of 8pring
Wagons and Light Buggies, which will he sold re-
markably cheap, considering the character of work-
manship displayed, combining, as they do, strength,
durability and perfeetness of draft.
Our stock of Rubber Belting, Hose and Packing is
also unusually well suited to the requirements of
trade, whilst prices have been reduced to a minimum
figure, in order to enable the most destitute to put hia
machinery in such condition as will enable him to
ship his product to market during the usual high
prices which prevail as a general rule at the opening
of trade. J. S. BROWN & CO.,
Hardware Merchants, Galveston, Texas.
Galveston, July 29, 1882.
p. y. WILLIS &■ BRO.,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
Groceries, Dry Goods,
Boots, Shoes Hats Cai)s and Motions.
tion and government is composed of 80 gentlemen
and ladies of high character and varied otdtu.e
and acquirement. The location is one of great
beauty, in a region redolent of health, abound.tg
in pioturesque mountain scenery and enjoying the
further advun'.a^e of most valuable mi. era! waTers
We refer ro Hon. G:n* M. B»y n. General T. N.
Waul. Colonel W L. Moody. Oalve-t n; Gove-nor
R. B. Hubbard, Colonel f. W. Gary, Tyler: < elonel
Jas. F. M iler. Gonaoles; Hon. D. C. Gidditiga,
B enham; Captain J. S. Fowlkes, Captain T. J.
Beall, Bryan: Captain L. D. Brad.ey, Fairfield,
among numerous present aud foripe-- patrons.
CHAS. L. COCKE. Suot.
Not* change in depot from Salem to < LO VER
DALE, on S V. R. R., two miies from institute
Apply for circular- an l cstal. ges.
MRS- CUTHBERT'S SEMINARY E°ArS?gla
Tear opens Sept. 13. Address Principal, St. L&ui»,U»
godfkey, Madison Co., ill.,
Twenty-four miles from St. Louis. First-class
school for Girls and Young Ladies.
ODeus SEPTEMBER 21. S«nd for catalogue to
MISS H. n. HASKELL.
1412 H St., N. W., Washington, D. C.
Board.ng and Day School tor Young Full
corps of professors and tsacbers. Every acvaa-
ta?e afforded for thorsugk traiaing in the mathe-
matical. literary and ornamental departments.
T-rnus reasonable. Fall session opens September
20. For catalogues apply to M.ss LIPSCOMB,
Wesleyan Female College,
THEFOKTT FIF1B ANNUAL SE-8ION TTILL
begin October 4, 18&i. Tne College furnished
with all modern appliances looking to health, hap-
piness and oomfort of its inmates.
Unsurpassed ad van ages in Literature, Music
and Art, at moderate rates.
Apply for Catalogue to
Rev. W. C. BASS, President,
or Rev. C. W. SMITH, Secretary.
Alta Yista Institute,
The 1 5th annual session will
begin September 4, A Private Boarding
School for a limned number of young ladies.
Address Da. R. M. SWEARINGEN,
Or Mas. H. m. KIR BY.
ST. MARY'S UNIVERSITY,
Opens Monday, September 4th.
Scientific and Coile-iate Depa tmeuts. Lan-
guages and Fine Arts; Military Tactics, Telegraphv
and Phonography. The number of board-rs b*ing
limited to 100, preference will oeg ven to students
wh" shall register before the beginning of tne
session. Write for catalogue to
Kev. A. M. TRUCHARfi. President.
college station, ... texas.
Seventh Annual Session
Opens October 1, IS82.
The courses of studies and
duties are arranged with s^ec.al referer.ee t >
professional training In Agriculture and the Me-
chanic Arts, but embrace all the es c rials of a
liberal, practical education Board, fuel, •• ash-
ing, lights 8nd tuition. $130 for the ni e months'
session. As accommodations are limiteo, ampli-
cations should be made early, for preference will
be given to those who register before the session
opens. For catalogue, address
JNO. G. JAMES, President.
ALL ORDERS OR COMPLAINTS, TO
receive prompt attention, should be l«ft at
the office of tne Company, in the Brick Building, on
Market Street, Between 24th and iatb
Between the hours of 8 and 12 o'clock a. m.
AUG. BUTTLAK. Secretary.
R. G. DUN & CO., rrop'rs.
District Manager, Galveston, Texas.
Reference beoks issued quarterly, compiled
from die most reliable information. Collection of
past due claims a specialty. For terms of sub-
scription apply at our offices in Galveston. Hous-
ton, Dallas, San Antonio, Fort Wo th n 1 Waco.
JSTotice to Parties
D. W. BLOOMBAliGH & Co.
By virtue OF THE ASSIGNMENT
made May 22. 1882, r.y M J. J A 4'OB, c >n-
posing the late firm of d. w. BLOOMBaRGH A
CO., the assets of said firm, including all debts due
them, were transferred to me f r 'h** benefit • -f
oreditcers. Unless prompt payment made to me
or my agent, Mr. samuel strauss, at the old
stand, the claim will be put in -uit.
No settlement made subsequent to said M..y 22,
J. W. SWITZER, Assignee.
. Strauss or myself.
1688, to anybody other than i
is authorised by law, or will be recognized bv me.
Brenham, July 6, I8bg.
Texas Go-Operaiiys Association
p. of n.
CHARTERED JULY 5', 1878.
Capital Stock, §100.000.
Organized for the purpose of transact-
ing; a General Purchasing, Factors'
and Commission Uusines*.
Special attention given to the fi'ling of orders
and to the sale of Cotton, Grain. Wool, Hides, Etc.
Correspondence, orders and consignments solicited.
P. O. BOX 416. J. S. ROGERS,
Business Manager, cor. Strand aud Twentieth.
EX - CONFEDERATE JilSSOlIJINS
Will hold its annu al reunion
at .-'hi-rma , Texas, oa the 10TH A>D 11TH
OF AUGUST, 1S82. AU ex-Confe n rate Missouri
soldiers now iiving in Texas, Arkansas, Louisiana
and the Indian Territorv are invited to at'end, and
all ex-Confederate eoldfers who participated iu the
battle of Oak Hill, Mo., are ho-, ra y members o'
our As* ciatioa, and are solicited tote present and
participate in the celebration of the twenty-first
anuiversaryiof fchat memorable occasion. Special
rates will be given over all railroads. Those com-
ing o*er the Missouri-Pacifio and bra: ches will
pay full fare coming to Denison from the north,
aud return ou the certificate of the Secretary of
the Associationjby paying one cent p^r mile fare.
Per ons coming over all roads in Tex::s will pay
three cents per mile going and coming. Inquire
for round-trip tickets or two tickets—one to Slier-
man and one t « r>:'urn on—to prevent contusion,
ar.d percaps delay at Sherman. This being same
ifite as giveti us last year. D. A. WILLIAMS,
Sec'y Ass'n Ex-Confederate Mlssourianu.
BAY ST. louis, MISS.,
Now ia full operation, making
Cassfmeres, Jeans, Flannels, Shawls,
Blankets and Other
Wculd be p'aased tc have merohpnts in need of
the ah&»« good* cenapers theua in priee and qual-
ity with Uoee mace further from heme, awi if
fcuad a> goeu. and a Mttle ehtaper. Iwoula be glad
i© be f*»ored with erders.
1 have procured the best skilled labor tnai could
be feuad, and as I have manv faciiiti*? for manu-
facturing in this slses. I intend to tura oui hose-t
goeds as cheap, if not oheaper, than thev can be
lktra>anoxal Cottck Exposition. Atlanta. Ga.,
Decembor 31, 1S81.—'Your committee appoin.eu to
examine the roods displayed by U:m n r Woolen
M.lls, Bay St. Louis. Miss., have carefully perform-
ed that duty, and take pleasure in awarding special
mention of the all-wool oassiraeres. Cunneia, blan-
kets and shawls. Recommend diploma aw ard for
•he be~t display of all-wool goods of Southern
Judg.s—Edward L. Lathrop, Z. H. Rice.
Director General—N. L Kimball.
A. A. ULMAN.
MR. HENRY SANDERS,
Sole Agent, Galveston, keeps a full hne of these
goods on hand at mill prices!
TO AKRIVE FEU STEAMKR.
3000 lbs. Turnip. Cabl*ge, B- et. lUdi h, Celery,
EXPECTED SHORTI.Y—KL PASO and CREOLE
A. FLAKE it CO.,
;AP WKAI'PItU-l'AFER— *
AT THE NEWS COCNT1NU ROOM.
HEALTH LS WEALTH!
DU. E. C. WEST'S NERVE AND
BRAIN TREATMENT; a specific for Hysteria.
L»i>iziue?s, Convulsion-. Nervous Headache, Menial
Depression, Los-* of Memory. Physical and Mental
Power and Premature Old Age. One box wd cure
recent chscs. Each fa x contains one month's treats
- :x boasts for sent
l.y mud npaid on rece pt of pric-. We guarantee
s:x boxes to cure any case- With each order re-
ceived t.\ us for six boxtv, accompanied wish $5,
w - w,ll send tii * purchaser our written guarantee
to re urn the m i ey if the treatment does not
effect a cu re Guarantees issued only by
F. FREDERIC KSON. W.Vdesale and Retail
Druggist, 13» Canal street. New Orleans. Orders
bv mail at r gulur price.
Direct from the Royal Prussian
Special terms on carloads from wharf to arrive.
KAUFF3IAN & RUNGE,
AGENTS FOR TEXAS.
La BELLE CItEOLE
IN CONSEQUENCE OP ITS PURITY
and superiority over al! other brands, is taking
the lead in every S ate in the Union. That such
is the case as relates to Tex«\ is evidenced by the
fact tna; orders h^re hav^ been received so rapidly
as to make it impracticable to fill promptly, ana
hav necessitated*our making arrangements" to re.
celve large and regular shipments, which here-
after WiJ enable us to fill all orders with dispatch.
Gold l)ast Boarboa,
Snyder Sour .Hash,
Old Ned Kye,
Batto, 7-oz.; Luckett, 5-oj!., Lonsue,
9-ineh; Perfection, 15-oz.;
And Numerous other Styles and Graft.*
Wholesale Grocers and Confectioners.
Our STOCK OF WHISKIES AND
Cigars has i.-e» - r been so large and completf
a^ to-day. We Klve below a few of our most popu'
R. Monarch SourMa?h, U:J Nectar Bourbo^
Robin on Co. " ^veei YaUey **
Beech Run " " Abner Collier u
LHci!le, Countess, Twms, Little Devfla, El Cora-
mttrcio. Den Carles. Per ectlons. Exquisites. Land
Mark?, Rarnoa a:id Alone*.
FOR SALE AT REASONABLE FIGURES BY
GL SEELIGSON & CO.
HAVANi ROYAL LOITER!
With Only 22,000 Tiekets,
Draws August 8 and August 18$2«
Capital Prize, §*!00,000.
For plans, etc., address
BORNIO A- BRO.,
Drawer §L Orl«an*. La,
The public are asked to read our new and ii
proved Schema, to be drawn to August,
C APITAL PKIZE, $73jOOO.
Tickets only $3; share* ia Proportio;
" This is tne o»iy Lottery ever voted on ;ind in-
dorsed by the people of any State.
Louisiana State Lottery Company
Incorporated iu 1&J5 for twenty f.ve years by tha
Legislature for educational and charitable rw
poses, * i*h a capital of $1,000,000, so which t
reserved fund of over $5flO.OOC lias since been adde£
By an overwhelming popular vote its franchise
wa« made a part of tne present State Constitution,
adopted December A D. 1879.
* A SPLENDID
OPPORTUNITY TO WIS X FORTUNE.
Its Grand Single Numrxr Drawings will take blao*
monthly. It xrveb scrubs oa PooTroxns. Look
at the following -i:h mi-*
GRAND MONTHLY DRAWING,
At New Orleans, Tneadvy, V05. S, »§2#
under tho sn?:erv;s'« and m*nap>raeat df
Gens. G. T. BEA I REG A RD, of La..
CAPITAL i'KI/ts, *75,000,
1 OO.GOO Ticket* at Five Dollar* lBa«h.
Fractions, In fifths in proportion.
list or PJKZJKS:
CAPITAL PRIZE ...
? Approximation Frizes of
9 do 60$ 4,501
9 do do fcO
1,937 Prizes, amounfinz to S865.50t
Application for rates to clubs should be ru<t<i4
only to the office of the Company in New Orleans.
For further information, write clearly, giving
full add re*- S«-nd orders by Express, Registered
Letter or Honey Or a nr. a dareseea only to
.A. DA U PH1N, New Orleans la.
Or to J. D ia.R, oae door west ol News Of-
OLU NEWAP &A&4 AT <A
Uv PER THOUSAND, at the
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 41, No. 115, Ed. 1 Thursday, August 3, 1882, newspaper, August 3, 1882; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth461882/m1/2/: accessed August 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.