The Tulia Herald (Tulia, Tex), Vol. 48, No. 20, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 19, 1955 Page: 1

MANY MONTHS this column
has attempted to point out
the necessity for farm prosperity if
we as an agricultural region expect
to maintain our economy
Not only must we protect and stabilize
our leading industry agricultures
gross annual output is 35J billion
topping construction oil automobiles
and steel but we must
protect and stabilize our huge farm
investment the aggregate of which
is over 150 billion Farm indebtedness
is 18 billion and many farms
are mortgaged up to 50 and 75 percent
of their current market value
Obviously we cannot stand deflation
or a serious drop in farm income
and survive
RECESSIONS as we have
learned by bitter experience
over the last three decades quickly
infest other sections of our economy
The farm situation today is not healthy

It is difficult for those of us living
in the irrigation belt to view
agriculture in its overall perspective
The development of irrigation has
created two situations which are
contrary to the national trend First
our farm income while off is still
more in line with income in other
branches of our economy than is
farm Income throughout the rest of
the nation
Secondly local irrigation which
has sent the price of land skyrocketing
has tended to decrease the size
of farms and increase the number of
farmers The exact opposite is true
on the national picture
This is why farmers living in areas
less fartunate than Swisher county
often think and vote differently from
the Swisher farmer
Any sound discussion of farm problems
nuTst consider the national
not just the local agricultural picture

agricultural program since
1933 not because we think it is perfect
not because there have been no
inequalities We have defended it be
cause the end result has been the
most prosperous agricultural economy
we have ever known We believe
our farm program has embodied
the lesser of several evils
Price supports and controlled production
have undesirable characteristics
but who can say they are not
more desirable than the alterative
OOKING ON the darker side of
the national picture we note I
with alarm the decrease in farm
population while at the same time
the big farmer is tending to replace
several small ones
Since 1935 the number of farms of
1000ormore acres has increased 37
per cent These farms now contain
494 million acres or 426 per cent
of all U S farm lands The trend
toward gigantism and the factoryin
thefield type farm is astonishingly
Since 1930 the farm population
has shrunk by over 8 million while
the overall population of the nation
has gained by 41 million Over the
last 10 years an average of 77000
families has made the exodus from
farm to the city each year
Secretary Ezra Benson says he
hopes to move another two million
farmers to town
REASON for this mass exodus
odus is apparent Per capita
income is perhaps the best means
of measuring economic health In
uniform 1953 dollars per capita non
farm income was 1921 in 194G 1
970 in 1953 and 1926 last year For
the same three years farm income
was 851 709 and 688 respectively
By the end of 1954 the per capita
farm income of 652 was about a
third of nonfarm income it was about
44 per cent just after World
War II
Moreover while nonfarm income
now is slightly higher than just after
World War II farm income has
shrunk by almost 20 per cent
S A RESULT of this decline in
small farmers and the in
crease in size of farms the effectiveness
of the price support program
has been diminished
According to latest census figures
19 per cent of the nations farmers
received more than 25 per cent of
the total price support benefits 9
per cent received in excess of 50 percent
of the benefits while 91 percent
of our farmers received less
than half of the price support payments

RICE SUPPORT loans for ex
ample to the five largest
cotton growers in California averaged
649335 in 1953 the overall average
was 1731 The five largest
wheat loans in Montana and Oregon
that year averaged 176000 each
against an overall average loan of
4000 in Montana and 0293 in Oregon
The five largest corn loans in
Iowa averaged 93000 against an
overall average of 2154
In common justice we cannot continue
to pay huge sums of money to
factoryinthefield type of operations
and at the same time permit only a
dribble to reach the vast majority of
our farm population
HEN WE MOVED armies of
occupation Into Itaiy Ger
many and Japan among our first
acts was to break up the big feudal
estates Today we have a government
land expert in IndoChina
engaged in a similar program
In o > ir eagerness to promote and
Continued on Page Eight
Bob Dyer
HONOR GRADS Danny Solomon
and Don Fincher both having a
scholastic average of 9131 for their
four years work in Tulia High
school have tied for valedictorian
honors in the THS senior class
Bob Dyer with a 9130 average Is
Sewage System
Is Damaged
City officials report that lube oil
is again being emptied into the sewer
system This practice damages the
sewage disposal unit and cannot be
tolerated said City Manager Hollis
The unit was damaged several
months ago by oil
Person guilty of this violation are
warned that the practice must be
Invocation will be given
Paul Epps and benediction
Rev Alby Cockrcll
Music will be provided by the Student
Council choir directed by Mrs
Sam T Bryan Don Fincher and
Danny Solomon who tied for top
scholastic honors will give the valedictory
addresses Bob Dyer sa
lutatorlan will give the welcome
Valeria Hall wilt play the processional
and recessional Harvey Mil
ner president of the school board
will present the diplomas Principal
Sam T Bryan will introduce the
The Commencement Sermon will
be preached Sunday night at the
First Baptist church by the Rev W
Neil Record pastor Rev Cockrcll
will give the invocation and Rev
Dan Harlsock the benediction Mrs
W C Tcel will play the prelude and
postlude and music will be provided
by the Presbyterian choir directed
by Mrs Ted Sponholtz
Class night will be Friday night in
the school auditorium with E C
Goodman class president presiding
Kelly Atchley will give the invocation
and Danny Solomon the benedic
tion Awards to be given and their
donors arc
American Legion Citizenship
Grady Briggs Sorosis Club Citizenship
Mrs Fowler McDaniel Wo
mans Study Club Mrs J C Cow
an English Mrs Thornton Musick
VFW Auxiliary Mrs Travis Hair
Thespian Carol Swinburn Soil Conservation
District Essay Awards
Bayard Sadler Tulia Classroom Teachers
Scholarship Mrs S C Scott
Kiwanis T L Fore Lions Club
Clyde Kilpatrfck Hornet Booster
Club James Butler ExLettcrman
S C Scott Tulia High school W
V Swinburn Scholarship and Attendance
Sam T Bryan
E C Goodman will present the
senior class gift Miss Velda Turner
will introduce the seniors
The three services will begin at
8 pm
Miss Turner and R W Davidson
are sponsors of the 46th graduating
class of Tulia High school
Candidates for graduation are
James Anderson Monette Darlene
Andrus Sheridan Kelly Atchley Larry
Carl Barbour Warren Lee Bell
Donald Franklin Fincher Danny Eugene
Solomon Buddy Alvin Berry
Robert Bruce Dyer Edwin Bice
William Mason Bivcns Betty Jean
Bonds Robert Lester Boydstun George
Lewis Bozeman Jr Beverley
June Bradley Betty J Bralley Hugh
Don Campbell Ellis Leroy Childress
Coy Chisum Marsha Ann Cockrcll
Fay Culwell Charley Lee Daniel
Jackie Dannecker Donald Engenc
Barbara Alleta Flynt Bettie Lu
Gatewood Marvin Leon Glenn El
gan Clifton Goodman Jr Robert
Walter Goss Leonard Norwood
Grubb Alton Wayne Hamilton Jerry
Don Hcrndon Charles Herring Jerry
Hood Donald Barnett Hooten William
Dean House Kay Jennings Ray
Junior Johnston James Brent Joy
Teresa Melton Kiker Mary Lea Kinder
Lawrence Edward Kitchens Jr
James W Lemmon J C Mabry
Jr Frank Paul Madura
Curtis Leroy Measles Mary Ellen
Montandon Eddie Wilson Morris
Loyd Dean Morris Rita Mullins Jo
Ena McDuff Billy A Neeley Jewell
May Newby William Dennis Patzig
Sadra Pearson Mauna Lou Liics
Perkins Peggy Rankin Larry Don
Riley Daniel W Rodgcrs Jo Ann
Rowland Hubert Leon Schulz Gary
Lewis Simmons Loraine Smith
Rena LaVerne Souter Joann La
Rae Stanaland Joyce Ann Timmons
Mona Darlene Tucker Jan LaRoy
Tucker Billy Don Watts Charlotte
Ann Wheeler Virginia Rae White
Norris Lee Willborn and Bobby Cop
Happy Fire Department in cooperation with Happy Lions
club is attempting to purchase a resuscitator for use by the residents
of Happy and vicinity The instrument stimulates breathing after it
has been hindered or stopped due
to drowning polio pneumonia
smoke carbon monoxide poisoning
heart or asthma conditions
and the like
The resuscitator is on display at
Harman Hardware in Happy It
costs 650 Donations are being solicited

Fire Chief Bruce Cobb said that
such an instrument had been needed
several times during the past five
years He believes that it is a necessity
for the community
Letters have been sent to 400
Happy residents asking cash donations

Anyone missed is asked to consider
this story a personal request for
a contribution
Members of the fire department
and other residents will be trained
to operate the resuscitator so that it
will be available 24 hours a day
Donations may be mailed to Chief
Cobb or to Edward Flaherty secretary
of the Happy Fire Deartment
Mr and Mrs Tommie Hulsey
spent Sunday in Memphis with her
June 1 Is Deadline
For School Transfers
All county pupils who wish to be
transferred from one school district
to another must do so by June 1 according
to Claude Shelton county
school superintendent
Parents of the pupils may make
the transfer in the office of the superintendent
in the courthouse
Marshall Formby
Describes Trip
To Russia
Marshall Formby of Plalnvlow
told of his recent trip behind the
Iron Curtain when he was guest
sneaker at Tulia Kiwanis club last
Formby who owns Interests In
several radio stations Including
KTUE Tulia made the trip with
a group of American newspaper
and radio executives
Although his talk also concerned
life in Germany Turkey Egypt
Yugoslavia Greece and Austria the
club was most interested in his trip
to Moscow
He said that travel in Russia for
the group of Americans was almost
unrestricted that he wasnt
followed was not denied access to
any place except defense plants and
that he believed he could have traveled
all over the country if ho had
had time
He attended a Baptist church in
Moscow and was invited by the pas
tor to speak to the two thousand
worshipers who were crowded into
the church At the end of his remarks
the audience stood and sang
God Be With You Tilt We Meet
Again for him
Formby also viewed the bodies of
Lenin and Stalin
He said that his group seemed to
be under much closer observation
in the Russian satellite countries
than in Russia
1260 Kc
1000 vatti
story by a fellow resident
The Englemnns were in Tulia this
week to visit his mother
Contact prospective buyers through
a Herald Classified Ad
crappic population The commission
also plans to deposit nnothcr
load of bass in the lake
Fishermen who might catch one
of the 50 gar are asked to throw It
back In the water since they are in
tho lake for a purpose
About 200 fishermen were at the
lake Sunday A Plalnvlew woman
caught a Vj pound bass
Representatives from several wo
mens clubs have been working on
their projects at the park
Greens on the golf course are
ready to be seeded and construction
on the water system Is underway
Recent rains have improved tho condition
of the fairways
James Arthur Baker
Funeral At Slaron
Funeral services for James Arthur
Bud Baker 87 were conducted
Sunday ufternoon at Slaton where he
died following a long illness Rev
Nat Tracy officiated at the service
He was a brother of Jim Baker Mrs
S F Flores Mrs T M LIttleJohn
and Mrs P I McCune
Tulia relatives attending the funeral
were Mr and Mrs S F Fores
Mr and Mrs P I McCune Mr and
Mrs T M LIttleJohn Mr and Mrs
Jim Baker and Joyce Rae Mc
Other survivors besides his widow
arc a brother Elmer Baker of Dallas
and two sisters who live in Cal
Mayor John Brown was in Happy
Saturday night where he attended a
steak supper given in honor of Hobart
McManigals birthday
Obenhaus Heads
Kress Lions
Buddy Obenhaus has been named
president of the Kress Lions Club
Other new officers arc Milton
Laurie 1st vice president B O
Burk Jr 2nd vice president Rich
aid Plunkott secretary A C Mc
llroy tailtwister L R Todd Lion
tamer and J C Draper nnd Robert
Brown directors
Tho meeting was held Monday
Bids On High School
To Be Opened
Bids on construction of tho new
Tulia High School building will be
opened Tuesday night June 7 at 8
oclock in the high school library
Any person interested In making
bids may obtain plans nnd specifications
nt the superintendents office

Improvements Continue
biologists from the Texas Game Conjiission have recently
treated the lake to get rid of carp A test by the biologists icvealed
an excess of crappie Gar have beep placed in the lake to reduce the
Rotary Club
To Organize
Today Noon
Organization of a Tulia Rotary
club is expected to be completed today
at a luncheon In Noltos Dining
Room Plalnview Rotarlans have
been working on tho project for
several weeks The minimum number
of members has been secured
and officers will bo selected at to
days meeting
This makes the third service club
for Tulia Other two clubs arc Kiwanis
and Lions
Of Cowpeas
rsons Are
M rn xftrwrfTrBVflHBWW iS Vnv s
72 THS Seniors Don Caps And Gowns
Texas Tech Prexy To Speak
At 46th Graduation Ceremony
Seventytwo Tulia High School seniors arc to receive diplomas
Tuesday night in graduation exercises at the junior higli school
auditorium Principal speaker will be Dr E N Jones president of
Texas Technological college
Don Fincher
Good Rains Boost Prospects For Fall Harvest
Rainfall for May received additional
boosts during the past week
when scattered showers continued
to bring moisture to the High
Plains Minutes after the Herald
was off the press last Wednesday
morning n shower brought 125
Inches A Sunday night shower
brought only 07 Inch of moisture
according to the official guagc
however a good half Inch was
measured In West Tulia
Heavy threatening clouds hovered
over most of the High Plains Tuesday
afternoon nnd were still picscnt
at presstlme Wednesday morning
Another inch had been measured as
the paper went to press and rain
was continuing
Tornado warnings were issued
Tuesday afternoon An isolated
twister was reported to have damaged
a farmhouse near Abernathy
Six inches of rain and hail hit Halo
Center about 630 Tuesday night
It fell in little more than an hour
The hall stones some of which were
as large as baseballs were said
to have made the countryside look
like it was covered with a blanket
of snow
As much as 5 Inches have been
measured in some sections of Tulia
during the month
General rains from light to heavy
have fallen over the entire Texas
wheat belt during the last two weeks
but they were too late to be of material
benefit to the 1955 dryland
wheat crop in most areas Heavy
abandonment had already occurred
due to the prolonged drouth blowing
dust the late freeze and insects
Combine operators have been urged
by the Texas Employment commission
not to bring equipment into
Texas unless prior committments
have been made with Individual
growers Neither will there be a
need for trucks nor workers to harvest
this years wheat and small
grain crop
McKinney reports present prospects
indicate a yield of about 50
per cent of normal due to freezing
Weather late in March Little fnscct
Allan Engleman Covers
evada ABomb Explosion
Distinction of being the smallest daily newspaper to send a staff
wiiter to an atomic test is claimed by die Edinburg Review
Allan Engloman Review publisher covered the recent explosion
in Nevada for his readers Engle
man is the son of the late Frank
P Engleman publisher of The
lulia Ilcrald until his death in
10J and Mrs Engleman of
Fugleman said ho wanted to cov
j er the story because he felt renders
of the Review should know moro
about what an atomic device docs
He felt a story by a wire service
writer even a specialist who has become
an old hand at reporting A
blasts probably would not interest
the Review leaders as much as a
infestation is reported however
there Is some spotted rust
Fort Worth and surrounding area
report n 50 per cent loss brought n
bout by prolonged drouth and high
winds when the wheat was in the
boot and dough stage Many fields
will be cut nnd baled for hay or
ground Into mixed feed
Dallas reports Indicate wheat has
begun to ripen and harvest is expected
to start about June 1 Recent
rains have been beneficial Only five
pdr cent has been abandoned
The spotted rains were too late
for wheat nt Wichita Falls Haskell
Throckmorton Seymour Olney and
Knox City Abandonment has been
comparatively light
Vernon reports n fair crop is expected

Rains during the past week were
also too little and too late In the San
Angelo area Very little acreage will
be harvested and the yield will be
Abilene reports that with tho ex
than 10 per cent of the seeded acreage
all of the wheat has been abandoned
and plowed under or will be
turned Into pasture Recent showers
will produce additional wheat
pasture and fill out the grain in those
fields that survived
Sweetwater reports Indicate rain
was too late Plans for a wheat harvest
have been abandoned
Reports Indicate wheat in very
poor condition at Quanah and Cro
From 65 to 75 per cent of the
wheat acreage have been abandoned
at Childress Memphis Wellington
Paducah Clarendon and Matador
Low yields are expected from that
which remains
Only the low places and terrace
ditches will be harvested at Lubbock
Crosbyton Dickens Asper
mont and Guthrie
Dimniltt and Friona report pract
fcally all dry land wheat had been
abandoned prior to the rains An
average yield Is expected from ir
ception of a few fields probably less rigated acrcacc
TULIA Swisher County TEXAS THURSDAY MAY 19 1955
Plalnvlcw I oydada Tulia and
Sllvcrton reporfcraln received too
late to benefit dry land wheat A
slightly below average yield is ex
pec ted from irrigated acreage
when harvest gets underway about
June 20
Less than 20 per cent of the seeded
acreage is expected to be combined
with below normal per acre
yields at Pampa Canadian and
A below normal yield is expected
from the limite dacrcage under Irrigation
at Amarillo Hereford Canyon
Dumas Stratford and Dalhart
Less than 10 per cent of the planted
acreage will be harvested with
far below normal yields at Borgcr
Spearman Lipscomb and Perryton
Many observers say the overall
yield from the Southwestern wheat
belt will be the lowest in 30 years
However the moisture has been a
boon to grain sorghum and cotton
Herald Want Ads are Results Getters
I ive per ons wire injur d in two Swisher county accidents which
uiurid late Saturday afternoon on Highway 07
Bozeman Wins
George Hozonmn Jr talented
Tulia musician has been nwarded
a 4year scholarship to North Texas
State collcgo at Denton The award
was made following an audi
tlon before Dr Hodgson dean of
the NTSC School of Musle
The scholarship includes organ
piano and voice training
George son of Mr and Mrs Geo
rgo Bozeman Sr has been an outstanding
musician for 11 years He
began taking piano lessons when he
was seven and has continued to take
them through the years He has been
organist at the First Methodist
church for five years
He plans to major In music at
Carlton is performing the duties
of Cy Freeman who resigned recently
to become associated with an
irrigation pipe manufacturer and
distributor Carlton has been associated
with the office for three years
From experience gained on their
own farms supervisors of the county
district recommend interplanting
of cowpeas1 in grain sorghum for
Andrews To Pave 277 City Blocks
The West Texas town of Andrews
population 5002 is to receive 277
city blocks of new paved streets
Property owners are to pay 170
per running foot for the curb and
gutter on their property The paving
will be financed by the city and
county Payments on the wyrk can
be made in four annual payments
or in quarterly payments according
to Andrews County News The
first payment Is not due until after
the curb and gutter Is run and approved
by the City Council
Publisher Charles W Roberts com >
ments on the project in his column Thats what we call real coopera Actual cost to the homeowner Is
called Drifting Sands in the An tion not a great deal at tho low cost of
drews County News The county commissioners court 170 per linear foot
Weve always said some mighty let a contract this week for tho pav A community cannot carry out an
fine people live here in Andrews ing of 271 blocks of city streets and ambitious project such as this one
people who have sent down tap roots the city let a contract to pave six without a great many people make
and want to see the town grow and In our opinion it is one of the most some sacrifice
progress progressive moves ever made In That we have enough people in
Best example we know of Is con this community Andrews willing to pay out of their
tained in the story we re running We believe iioth the comisslon pocket for such a project speaks well
concerning the paving of city streets ers and city council are to be coni for the civicminded nature of our
Think of It Every city block In mended for carrying out this pro individual citizens
North Andrews with the exception granr and especially in getting off
of nine blocks will have curb gut to an early start in the actual pav Mildred Smith has been spending
ter and paved streets Ing program her vacation In Borger and Dallas
maintenance and Improvement of
general soil condition and fertility
This practice is relatively new in
the district but indications are that
most farmers who have interplant
ed cowpeas or mung beans in sorghum
previously will plant again
this year Little special effort or
management is necessary in growing
a legume crop in this manner
Popular varieties or poas have
been New Era Whipporwill and
Chinese Red Last years secdmgs
of Blue Panlcum are making a fair
comeback this season Question in
many farmers minds is whether this
grass will survive Panhandle winters
H T Duko reports his pasture in
the Wayside community is showing
many new seedlings and old plants
are beginning to green Similar reports
have come from the Norman
Burk farm near Tulia and the Corlis
Currle form southwest of Happy
Tom Hulsey manager of KTUE
leaves this week end for a business
trip to Washington D C
Two Lubbock teachers Miss Doro
thy Wcddige of Texas Tech and
I Miss Shirlene Hargrove of Lubbock
1 public schools were injured a short
distance south of Happy when hit
by a car pulling on the highway from
a side road They were travelling
north riiey were brought to Swisher
County hospital by Wallace am
bulance for treatment Their Injuries
were not believed to be serious
Later In the evening three persons
were injured In a twocar collision
a half mile north of Tulia near
Bills Brothers Service Station
Most seriously injured were Mr
and Mrs Louis Dees who live five
miles south of Tulia They Were passengers
in a 1952 model car which
was hit from the rear by a 1355
Pontine driven by Meivin Jennings
Jennings suffered cuts and bruises
Both cars were southbound
The injured were taken to Swisher
County hospital by Wallace Ambulances

ton Morris
Is HHS Speaker
Milton Morris of West Texas
State college will deliver the principal
address at the Happy High
School graduation exercises Friday
night The rites will begin at 8
oclock In the high school gymnasium

Mrs Renna Beth Barnard will play
the processional and recessional
Rev C W Williams will give tho
Invocation and Father Mathieson the
The Junior high chorus will sing
Valedictory address will be by
Netha Foster McCarley and the salutatory
address by Betty Sue Patterson
Principal Guy W Killlan
will present the awards and Supt
Daniel R Russ will introduce the
principal speaker Supt Russ will
also present the diplomas
Recommend Interplanting
Mung Beans In Sorghum
Summer legumes and warm season grass have been the chief
subject of callers at the Soil Conservation Service offkc as they plan
for the coming season according to Ray Carlton acting conserva
Larry Riley
Bs Winner
Larry Rillcy Bob Thornborrow
nnd Marvin Glenn were the three
top scorers In the Junior Chamber
of Commerce TeenAge Roadco
held recently
Riley who received the highest
total score in the written quiz and
skill test will compete in the statewide
TeenAge Roadeo in Dallas
He is a senior in Tulia High school
Thornborrow and Glenn received
second and third highest scores and
are alternates for the state event
Prizes were presented by Tulia Jay
The winner of the state contest will
join with other state representatives
July 2529 in Washington D C to
compete in tho National TeenAge
Roadeo which is sponsored by U
S Jaycees The three top winners in
Washington will receive college
scholarships of 1500 1000 and
Purpose of the event is to encourage
safer driving among the youth

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Baggarly, Herbert Milton. The Tulia Herald (Tulia, Tex), Vol. 48, No. 20, Ed. 1, Thursday, May 19, 1955, newspaper, May 19, 1955; Tulia, Texas. ( accessed November 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting Swisher County Library.

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