The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 222, Ed. 1 Wednesday, December 7, 1881 Page: 2 of 4
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To that of
flLL TIE OTHER DHL! PRESS
Of the Mate Combined.
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Wednesday, December 7, 1881.
The message virtually announces the humili-
ating fact that this country has no trade lines
The quarantining of Chicago by the board
of health of California, to prevent the spread
of small-pox in that State, presents a serious
question for the consideration of State and
municipal authorities elsewhere. California,
for instance, is no nearer to Chicago than is
Maine or Texas, and yet she deems it import-
ant to guard her communities against the in-
gress of persons from the infected city. It is
stated that trains on the Central Pacific Rail-
road have introduced the loathsome disease in
five counties along its line in California, and
that in every case it can be traced to Chicago
The brief reference in the president's mes-
sage to our diplomatic relations with Switzer-
land brings to the front an important matter
that should receive the attention of Congress.
Too many " criminals and other objectionable
persons" are permitted to migrate to the
United States by the authorities of foreign
countries. While the invitation is held out to
the oppressed of all nation^ and to all people
who choose to accept an asylum under the
American flag, criminals and objectionable
persons are not included in the invitation, and
it were well, perhaps, that all agents of the
government abroad be instructe I to protest
against the system of emptying foreign
prisons and pest-houses upon our shores.
menfc of a reform and an economy permitting
reduced taxation, it may appear that the delu-
sion hacl some part in encouraging extrava-
gance and prodigality in the government. If
so, it is a delusion that has not equally influ-
enced the expenditures in support of the
public schools. But there is this further con-
sideration that may account for the differ-
ence—prodigality toward the schools would
have followed if the schools had controlled
the State officials, and the schools had been
the beneficiaries instead of the reverse. The
beneficiaries of prodigality in the mainte-
nance of the State government are the officials,
their friends and strikers; and of the schools
the non-voting, unpartisan and ignorant chil-
dren are the beneficiaries of any generous ex-
penditures for education. Here is a slight in-
dication of why, with so much unincumbered
real estate, the youth of the State has not
shared to ahy great extent in the distribution
of the revenues. He is the hopeful subject of
great expectations, the heir-at-law of his
share in the fifty million acres of land to be
enjoyed in he six years most important in his
life—the time he is to be schooled and trained
for the long struggle of life. It surely ap-
pears that this estate ought to yield him this
training. He gets about 25 cents annually
from it to pay his teachers. The 250,000 chil-
dren of the scholastic age have an interest
for six years in fifty million acre3
o? good land. This is two hun-
dred acres to each, and ex-
actly thai number allowed to each
family as a homestead. If the family derives
a thousand dollars from their land the guar-
dians and administrators of the child's 300
acres ought to get $8 or $10 a year out of the
estate to pay his tuition. Perhaps when, in
the Sunday's issue of The News, it was an-
nounced in the Austin telegram that the land
balance had at last disappeared, most thinking
I»eople who read it felt relieved and gratified.
The days of land frauds and conspiracies, of
land subsidy broils in the legislature, of land
}>ensions and the frauds perpetrated by simu-
lated veterans—the days of trickery and over-
reaching: in the land system from the begin-
ning had witnessed so much of wrong, robbery
and injustice, that the people had begun to
demand that the public domain be closed out
upon any terms and in the least possible time.
The last legislature, responsive to this feeling,
opened wide the doors, and the long-boasted
treasure is now conspicuous for its absence.
Possibly, unless the lesson of the public domain
is more potent than is to be expected, the same
fate may justly overtaks the land balance
held by the educational fund. When the
State government can no longer share the re-
sponsibility of public education with a magni-
ficent landed domain, which has been more of
a public burden than a support for schools,
there will at any rate be no room for evasion.
It will much depend upon how the school lands
are managed, whether they are not to be a
burden and a drawback to the schools and to
the general prosperity.
CONTINUED FROM FIRST PAGE.
interests of our foreign trade and pi
property of our citizens abroad; to maintain every-
where the honor of our flag, and the distinguished
Govebnor McEnery's complaint that the
assessment of taxable values in Louisiana is
far below the real valuation of the wealth of
the State, might probably apply with equal
force to every State in the Union. A very
small percentage of tax-payers return their
property at its market value, and scarcely any
assess for taxation at a price they would be
willing to sell for. This may bo mistaken
economy. It does not reduce the aggregate of
the taxes required for the support of the gov-
ernment, nor is it in any phase advantageous
to the property-owners. Governor McEnerv
states that the assessments for 18S1 show a
total valuation of the wealth of Louisiana of
only $181,660,201, and insists that the valua-
tion ought to be at least f&OO,000,000. He is
no doubt correct in his estimate.
The presentation, yesterday, in the Senate,
of petitions by Senators Beck, Jonas, Sher-
man and Plumb, praying for national legisla-
tion compelling railroad companies to conduct
their business on terms just and equitable to
the public, indicates deep-seated discontent
among the people on the subject of rates, dis-
criminations and monopiy in the management
of the railroads of the country, and the fact
may also be regarded as evidence of an earnest
and determined purpose to press the problem
to some solution during the present session of
Congress, if possible. The movement involves
great constitutional principles, and it may be
that it will assume a decree of importance sec-
ond to no measure that will demand the atten-
tion of the present Congress. It is an issue be-
tween the people and the railroad corporations,
and the controlling power of one or the other
must be asserted.
The testimony of J. M. Dean in the Flip-
per trial, reported in The News special of the
5th, superadded with the statements of Col-
onel Grierson and Major McLaughlin, of the
Tenth Cavalry (Flipper's - -gimeut), will go
very far toward awah ^ning sympathy for the
colored Lieutenant, and perhaps in reversing
public sentiment as to the character of his
offense. Dean was Flippers friend, however,
and it appeal's not only advised with him but
helped to take up the subscription to pay the
deficit in his accounts. Since Dean was not
cross-examined it would seem that the judge
ad vocate did not discredit the witness. The
certificates of good character could only be
accepted for what they were worth, and in
these times every one knows that is very
littla. Captain Howgate could, doubtless, have
filled his trunk with character indorse-
ments, and even General Brady might have
urocured certificates from President Hayes and
his entire cabinet. Nevertheless, it is apparent
that Flipper's conduct may be accounted for
easily enough without suspecting theft or " le-
gitimate embezzlement." The colonel of his
regiment says 4 4 the present difficulty is the
result of carelessness," and he further affirms
that " the officers of his regiment would be
glad to see him back again." Though these
statements were not made under oath, they
were made on the honor of an officer of the
United States army, and must be received as
valuable testimony. It is not denied that
Flipper was short in his accounts, or that he
endeavored to extricate himself when accused
by disingenuous methods; but he may hav
fallen behind, as his Colonel states, by careless-
ness, and his subsequent crooked ways may
have been actuated by an honest, purpose to
gain time to raise the money to balance his
debits and credits without being subjected to
the humiliation of being suspected of either
wrong-doing or carelessness. A celebrated
archbishop at Cincinnati fell behind several
millions with his church by carelessness, and
though he never could and never did explain
or account for the deficiency, he was not sus-
pected of theft. To say the least, the testi-
mony raises serious doubt as to Flipper's guilt,
and his color is no reason why he should not
have the benefit of the doubt. Nor can race
consideration justify any proceedings that are
not sustained by satisfactory proof and a just
administration of the army regulations and
the law of the laud.
an exhausted patrimony.
The public domain of Texas, it appears, ends
With the present year. The land balance dis-
appears at the moment the cash balance looms
up as a more effulgent luminary from whence
to draw light and necessary heat to propel the
government machinery and the party machine.
The land was dead capital, and when it is gone
there is no way of obtaining another domain.
There could be only one such. But there may
bo an exhaustless fountain for replenishing the
cash balance. The tax-payer lives forever, and
the tax-gatherer as long. In forty -years the
different State governments have expended
$270,000,000 worth of lands besides some forty
millions in money derived by taxation. In
that time the annual demands of the govern-
ment have increased 1000 per cent. The tax-
payer is now at last to bear the whole burden.
The landed estate has been frittered away ex-
cept the 20 per cent, entailed upon the public
schools. This remnant saved from the wreck
now serves a double purpose; first, as a thing
to boast ofy showing the devotion of the
p# tple to the cause of education; and, secondly,
as an excuse for withholding other than landed
assistance from the support of public schools.
Had the forefathers reserved 40 per cent, of
tke public domain for public schools doubtless
money for their support would be deemed alto-
gether superfluous. It will in time no doubt
come to be prayed for that the school lands be
also given, granted, pensioned and staten
away, so the schools as well as the State gov-
ernment may derive support from the cash
balance. Land held by any owner except the
State would yield a revenue and support the
schools and the State; but held by the State
the tax-payer must support the State, the
schools and the lands. So it is feared will bo
the case with the school lands. If the schools
are really to be supported as well as their
iands to be taken care of, will not the tax-
payer have the whole bill to pay ? Since the
delusion of immense wealth from the landed
domain ends the day that marks the estftblish-
THE PRESIDENTS MESSAGE.
In the opening reference to the sad event
which cost the republic the life of its chosen
chief executive, President Arthur takes occa-
sion to acknowledge the many and marked ex-
pressions of sympathy for the national loss
with which foreign peoples testified a commu-
nity of feeling, auguring, as the president hap-
pily expresses it, the approaching federation
of mankind. This leads to an indication of his
views of foreign policy, in the discussion of
which he shows a desire that the Union should
stand on terms of amity with foreign govern-
ments and peoples. At the same time a de-
cided expression is given, indicating a
purpose to support an American line
of policy in the continental affairs
of America, especially in regard to
the Isthmus of Panama. The affairs of Chili
and Peru are considered with solicitude for
the honor and sa fety of the principle of repub-
lican government. The announced appoint
ment of a special envoy to visit the respective
South American governments is the practical
method of the president to secure a clear and
uniform representation of United States policy
toward the republics of the South Pacific
coast. While other nations are passed in re-
view, the weight of consideration is given
mostly to American affairs. The friendly tone
of the message towar d the weaker sister re-
publics is such as must tend to increase amica-
ble feelings on their part. Coming nearer
home, and in connection with considerate
words for the Central American States and
Mexico, the suggestion is made that the In-
dians, whose outbreaks from their reservations
have been the cause of much terror and slaugh-
ter to residents of the Texas and Mexican bor-
der, should be repressed by the co-operation
of the United States and Mexican troops act-
ing together in a mutually helpful manner.
This is an indication which will be welcomed
by the people of the frontier. It is hoped the
Mexican government will join in the endeavor;
the government of the United States can do and
ought to do more than it has yet done to pre-
vent Indians from leaving their reservations,
and it is to be hoped public sentiment will de-
mand of Congress that those Indians shall not
have the. continued means of making their
armed forays upon the peaceful citizens of the
"West. Perhaps the railroad interests now
developing the Southwest will tend in a great
measure to show the need of better prevention
of the causes of those gross outrages. The
message is devoted further to a summary
statement of information derived from depart-
ment reports. The treasury furnishes material
which is m ade the basis of some
important recommendations. The president
favors the recall of the silver ceitificates and
the stoppage of silver coinage on the present
plan of a fixed amount per month. This is a
matter for Congress to consider and pass such
laws as it may deem necessary. The national
banks, the president thinks, can supply what
currency is required in place of silver certifi
cates, but he is not so blind an adherent of the
banks as to shrink f^om making a suggestion
that they should be deprived by law of the
power to play with the circulating me-
dium by withdrawing their circulation
at their own option, even at their caprice.
The message recommends the abolition of in
ternal revenue taxes, except upon liquors and
tobacco. It favors a cautious advance toward
some reduction of the tariff on imports, and
indicates an appreciation of the value of
commission on this subject, unless Congress
could agree to make a moderate revision im
mediately. Even in regard to the articles pre-
ferred tor internal revenue taxation, it is sug-
gested that excessive imposts are not neces
sarily the most productive, and the point is
emphasized that the time has now arrived
when some general relief ought to be had, and
it may be had without interfering with a rea-
sonable rate of liquidation of the national debt
Passing to other reports, the recommendations
made in behalf of the army, the navy and
internal improvements receive support from
the president. Some additional expenditure
will be caused if these recommendations are
favorably received and acted on by Congress,
but the claims are fairly stated as being based
upon the needs of the public service and of
the country. The postmaster-general's report
is pronounced to be very gratifying. The
message proceeds to consider matters pertain
ing to the Department of Justice, and passing
to questions of territorial government and
protection, and to the Indian question as
coming under the control of the Interior De-
partment. the message leaves the beaten
track of report-summarizing and presents
very interesting and lofty views with con-
siderable force. Though coming to hand
slowly over the wires, and at this writing un-
likely to be finished for the present issue,
there is increasing evidence at this point that
the message will rank among the most tem
perafce, sensible and comprehensive documents
position which we may rightfully claim among the
nations of the world.
The report of the postmaster-general is a grati-
fying exhibit of the growth and efficiency of the
postal service. The receipts from postal and ordi-
nary sources during the past fiscal year were $36,-
489,816 58, the receipts from money orders were
g29?558,139, making a total of $36,785,397 58. The
expenditures for the fiscal year were $39,251,736 46.
The deficit supplied out of the general treasury
was $2,481,129 35. or 6 3-10 per cent, of the
amount expended. The receipts were
$3,469,318 63, in excess of the previous
year, and $4,575,397 97, in excess ot the
estimate made two years before the present period
of prosperity had rai^jy begun. The whole num-
ber of letter-4 mailed In this country in the last
fiscal year exceeded 1,000,000,000. The registry
system is reported to be-in excellent condition,
having been remedied during the past four years
with good results. The amount of registration fees
collected during the last fiscal year were $712,882 20,
an increase over fiscal year ending June 30, 1877,
of $345,443 40. The entire number of letters
and packages registered during the year
was 8,338,919, of which only 2061 were lost
or destroyed In transit. The operations of the
money-order system are multiplying yearly under
t»e impulse of immigration, of rapid development
of newer States and Territories, and the conse-
quent demand for additional means of intercom-
munication and exchange. During the past year
338 additional money-order offices have been es-
tablished, making a total of 5499 in operation at
date of this report. During the year domestic
money orders aggregated in value $105,075,765 35.
A modification o£ the system is suggested reducing
the fees for money orders not exceeding £5 from
10 cents to 5 cents, and making maximum limit
$100 in place of $50. Legislation for disposition of
U' claimed money orders in possession of the Post-
office Department is recommended in view of the
fao: thai their total value now exceeds $1,000,000.
The attention-of Congress is again invited to the
subject of establishing a system of savings deposi-
tories in connection with the Posroffice Depart-
ment. The statistics of mail transportation show
tnat during the past year railroad routes have
been increased in length over 2490 miles, and
in cost $1,114,382, while steamboat routes
have been decreased in length 2182 miles, and in
cost $134,054. The socalled Star-Routes have been
decreased in length 3949 miles, and in cost $364,144.
Nearly ali tne more expensive routes have been
superseded by railroai service. The co t of the
Star service must therefore rapidly decrease in the
"Western Stares and Territories. The postmaster-
general however, calls attention to constant-
ly increasing cost of railway mail ser-
vice as a serious difficulty in the way
of making the department self-sustaining.
Our postal intercourse with foreign countries has
kept pace with the growth of the domestic ser-
vice. Within the past year several countries and
colonies have declared their adhesion to a postal
uniou. It now includes all those which have an
organized postal service except Bolivia, Costa Rica,
New Zealand and the British colonies in Australia.
As has been already stated, great reductions have
recently been made in the expenses of the Star-
Route service. The investigations of the Depart-
ment of Justice and the Po.-toffice Department
have resulted in the presentation of indictmen s
against persons formerly connected with the ser-
vice, accusing them of offenses against the United
States. I nave enjoined upon the officials who are
charged with the conduct of the cases on the part of
the government,and upon thee;ninentcounsel who,
before my accession to the presidency, we; e called
to their assistance, the duty ot" prosecuting with
the utmost rigor of the law all persons who may
be found chargeable with frauds on the postal
The acting attorney-general calls attention to
the necessity of modi tying the present system of
the courts of the Uni.ed States, a necessity due to
the large increase of business, especially In the
Supreme Court. Litigation in our Federal tribu-
nals became greatly expanded after the close of
the late war. So long as »hat expansion might be
attributable to the abnormal condition in which the
community found itself immediately after the re-
turn of peace, prudence required that no change
be made i:t the constitution of our judicial tribu-
nal, but it has become apparent an immense in-
crease of litigation has directly resulted from
the wonderful growth anl development of
the country. There is no ground for belief
hat the business of the United States courts will
ever bo less in volume than at present. That it is
likely to be much greater is generally recognized
by bench and bar. In view of the fact that Con-
gress has already given much consideration to this
subject, I make no suggestion as to detail, but ex-
press the hope that your deliberations may result
in such legislation as will give early relief to our
The acting attorney-general also calls attention
to disturbances of the public tranquillity during the
past year in the Territory of Arizona." A band of
armed desperadoes known as *4 cow-boys." proba-
bly numbering fifty lo one hundred men,.have
• »een engaged for months in committing acts of
lawlessness and brutality which the local authori-
ties have been unable to suppress. The depreda-
tions of these " cow-boys" have also extended
into Mexico, which the marauders reach from
the Arizona frontier. With every disposition to
meet the exigencies of the case, I am embarrassed
by lack of authority to deal with them effectually.
The punishment of crimes committed within
Arizona should ordinarily, of course, be left to the
territorial authorities; but it is worthy of considera-
tion whether acts which necessarily tend to embroil
the United States with neighboring govern-
ments should not be declared crimes
against the United States. Some of
he incursions alluded to may perhaps be
within the scope of the law (Revised Statutes, sec-
tion 5286) forbidding military expeditions or enter-
prises against friendly States, bat in view of the
speedy assembling of your body, I have preferred
to await such legislation as in your wisdom the
occasion may seem to demand. It may perhaps
be thought proper to provide that setting on foot
within our own territory of brigandage and armed
marauding expeditions against friendly nations and
their citizens shall be punishable as an offense
:ainst the United States. I will add that in the
vent of a request from a territorial
government for protection by the United States
against domestic violence this government would
be powerless to render assistance. The act of 1795,
chapter 36, passed at a time when territorial gov-
ernments received little attention from Congress,
The Florida orange crop, just now begin
nir.g to come into market, is represented to be
larger and of finer quality than ever before.
A Palatka paper says that 8,283,600 are pro
auced in that district annually, and that 4 4 this
is clearly the bearing year for that section.
It is to be hoped some enterprising dealer will
bring over a few cargoes from the land of
flowers, and scale prices in Galveston some-
thing below a dollar a dozen.
Prominent men in Canada seem inclined to
discuss the question of annexation, and many
of them favor the scheme. Sir John A. Mc
Donald, premier, made a speech at a banquet
at Toronto a feW nights since, in which he said
Had he his choice between independence and an
nexation he would advocate annexation at once,
rather than be a sma i nation, compelled to raise
the phant-om of an army and the phantom of a
navy, be-ides the many other expensive parapher
naliaof seb'-government, ultimately to be absorbed,
as Texas arid California had been absorbed, and as
Mexico would be.
The outspoken press is pretty severe on
Guiteau. This item from the Memphis Ava
lanche is a sample of the running comments:
The searching cross-examination of Lawy
Porter shows up Guiteau in all his lying eraftim
and cowardly meanne s. The assassin's utterly
depraved nature is revealed in such strong light
that there need be no apprehension that the jury
will confound it with insa.iity.
nforced this duty of the United States only as to
overnments, but the act of 1808, chap-
the State gc
ter 39, applied also to Territories. This law seems
to have remained in force until the revision of the
statutes, when the provision for Territories was
dropped. I am not advised whether this alteration
was intentional or accidental, but it seems
to me the Territories should be offered the protec-
tion which is accorded the States by the constitu-
tion. I suggest legislation to that end. It seems
to me, too, that whatever views may prevail as to
the policy of recent legislation, by which the army
has ceased to be a part of the posse comitatus, an
exception might wellbe made for permitting the
military to assist the civil territorial authorities
•n enforcing laws of the United States. This use
of the army would not seem to be within the al-
eged evil agaiust which that legislation was aimed.
From sparseness of population and other circum-
stances, it is often quite impracticable to summon
a civil posse in places where officers of justice re-
quire as-istance and where a military force is
within easy reach.
'l'he report of the secretary of the interior, with
accompanying documents, presents an accurate
account of the business of that department. A
summary of it would be too extended for this
place, and I ask your careful attention to the re-
port itself. Prominent among matters which chal-
enge the attention of Congress at its present ses-
sion is the management of our Indian affairs.
While this question has been a cause of trouble
and embarrassment from the infancy of the gov-
ernment, it is but recently that any effort has been
made for its solution, at once serious, determined,
consistent, and promising success. It Las been
easier to resort to convenient make-shifts for tiding
over temporary difficulties than to grapple with the
great permanent problem, and accordingly the
easier course has almost invariably been pursued.
It was natural at a time when national territory
seemed almost illimitable, and contained many
millions of acres far outside the bounds of civil-
z d settlement, that a policy should have been
nitiated w hich more than aught else has been the
fruitful source of our Indian complications. I re-
fer, of course, to the policy of dealing with vari-
ous Indian tribes as separate nationalities, of re-
legating them by treaty stipulations to the occu-
pancy of immense reservations in the West, and
encouraging them to live a savage life
undisturbed by any earnest and well-direct-
ed efforts to bring them under the influ-
ences of civilization. The unsatisfactory results
which have sprung from this policy are becoming
apparent to all. As the white settlements have
crowded the borders of the reservations, the In-
dians, sometimes contented and .sometimes against
their will have been transferred to other hunting
grounds, from which they have again been dis-
lodged whenever their new-found homes have been
desired by adventurous settlers. These removals
and the frontier collisions, to which they have
often been subjected, have led to frequent and dis-
astrous conflicts between races. It is profit-
less to discuss here which of them has
been chiefly responsible for the disturbances
whose recital occupies so large a space
upon the pages of our history. We have to deal
with the appalling fact that, though thousands of
lives have been sacrificed and hundreds of millions
of dollars expended in the attempt to solve the In-
dian problem, it has, until within the past few
years, seemed scarcely nearer a solution than it
was half a century ago, but the government has
been cautiously but steadily feeling its way to the
adoption of a policy which has already produced
gratifying results, and which, in my
judgment is likely if Congress and the executive
acc >rd in its support to relieve us from difficulties
which ha> e hitherto beset us. For the success of the
efforts now making to introduce among the In-
dians the customs and pursuits of civilized life and
gradually to absorb them into the mass of our citi-
zens, sharing their rights and holding them to their
responsibilities there is imperative need for legisla-
tive action. My suggestion in that regard will be
chiefly such as have been already called to the
attention of Congress and have received to
some extent its consideration. First, I recom-
mend the passage of an act making the laws of
various States and Territories applicable to the
Indian reservations within their borders, and ex-
tending the laws of the State of Arkansas to the
portion of the Indian Territory not occupied by
the tive civilized tribes. The Indian should re-
ceive the protection of the law, hefshould be
allowed to maintain in court his right of
rson and property. He has repeatedly
gged for this privilege. Its exercise would
be very valuable to him in his pro-
0 j toward civilization. Second, of even
greater importance, is a measure which has been
frequently recommended by my predecessors in
office, ami in furtherance of which several bills
have been fiom time to time introduced in both
houses of Congress. The enactment of a general
law permitting allotment in severalty to sucn In-
dians at least as desire it, of a reasonable quan-
tity of land, secured to them by patent, and for
their own protection made inalienable for twenty
or twenty-five years, is demanded for their
present welfare and permanent advance-
ment. In return for such considerate
action on the part of the government, there
is reason to believe that Indians in large numbers
would be persuaded to sever their tribal relations
and to engage at once in agricultural pursuits.
Many of them realize the fact that their hunting
days are over, and that it is now for their best in-
terests to conform their manner of life to the new
order of things. By no greater inducement than
the assurance of a permanent title to the
soil can they be led to engage in the
occupation of tilling it. The well attested
reports of their increasing interest in husbandry
justify the hope and belief that the enactment of
It is now hinted that Republican and Demo-
cratic politicians in Congress will unite to
stave off a split m both parties on the tariff
issue, by creating a commission to consider the
subject and report some years hence.
such a statute as I recommend would be at once
attended with gratifying results. A resort to the
allotment system would have a direct and power-
ful influence in dissolving the tribal bond which is
so prominent a feature of savage life and which
tends so strongly to perpetuate it. Third, I advise
a liberal appropriation for the support of Indian
schools, because of my confident belief that such
a course is consistent with the wisest
economy. Even among the most unculti-
vated Indian tribes there is reported to
be a general and urgent desire on
the part of the chiefs and older members for the
education of their children. It is unfortunate, in
view of this fact, that during the past year the
means of which have been at the command of the
Interior Department for the purpose of Indian in-
struction liave proved to be utterly inadequate.
The success of the schools which are hi operation
at Hampton, Carlisle and Forest Grove should
not only encourage a more generous
provision for support of those institutions, but
should promote, establishments of a similar
character. They are doubtless much more potent
for good than day-schools, upon the reservation as
the pupils are altogether separated from s urround-
ings of savage life, and brought into constant con-
tact with civilization. There are many other
phases of this subject which are of great interest,
but which can not be included within becoming
limits of this communication. Tiiey are discusse<
ably in the reports of the secretary of the interior
and the commissioner of Indian affairs.
For many years the executive in his annual
message to Congress has urged the necessity of
stringent legislation for the suppression of polyg-
amy in the territories, and especially the territory
of Utah. The existing statute for the punishment
of this odious crime, so revolting to the moral
and religious sense of Christendom, has been per
sistently and contemptuously violated ever since
its enactment; indeed in spite of commendable ef-
forts on the part of the authorities who represent
the United States in thai Territory, the law has in
very rare instances been enforced, and for a cAU*e
to which reference will presently be made is prac-
tically a dead letter. The fact that adherents of
the Mormon church, which rests upon polygamy
as its corner-stone, have recently been peopling, in
large numbers, Arizona, and other of our Western
territories, is well calculate! to e3ceite the
liveliest interest and apprehension. It im-
poses upon Congress and the executive the
duty of arraying against this barbarous system all
the power which under the constitution and the
law they can wield for its destruction. Refer one#
has been already made to the obstacles which the
United S ates officers have encountered in their
efforts to punish violations of law. Prominent
among these obstacles is the difficulty 6t procuring
legal evidence sufficient to warrant a
conviction, even in the case of most
notorious offenders. Your attention is called
to the recent opinion of the Suprema
Court of the United States, explaining its judg-
ment of reversal in the case of Miles, who had been
convicted of bigamy in Utah. The court refers to
the fact that the secrecy attending the celebration
of marriages in thar. Territory makes proof of
polygamy very-difficult and the nroprietis sug-
gested of modifying the law of evidence which
now makes a wire incomperent to testify against
her husband. This suggestion is appended: I
recommend also the passage of an act providing
that in the territories of the United States
the fact that a woman has been mar-
ried to a per on charged with bigamy
shall not disqualify her as a -witness on
his trial for that offense. I further recommend
legislation by which any person solemnizing a
marriage in any of the Territories shall be required
under stringent penalties for neglect or refusal to
file a certificate of such marriage in the Supreme
Court of the Territory. Doubtless Congress may
devise other practicable measures for obviating
the difficulties which have hitherto attended the
efforts to suppress this iniquity. I assure you of
my determined purpose to co-operate with you in
any lawful and discreet measures which may be
proposed to that end.
Although our system of government does not
contemplate that the nation should provide or
support a system of education of our people no
measures calculated to promote general intelli-
gence and virtue, upon which the perpetuity of our
institutions so greatly depends, have ever been re-
garded with indifference bv Congress or the execu-
tive. A large portion of the public domain has been
from time to time devoted to the promotion of ed-
ucation. There is now a special reason why, by
setting apart the proceeds of its sales of
public lands, or by some other course the govern-
ment should aid the work of education. Many
who now exercise the right of suffrage are unable
to read the ballot which they cast. Upon many
who had just emerged from a condition of slavery
were suddenly divolved responsibilities of citizen-
ship in a portion of the country most impoverished
by war. I have been pleased to learn from the re-
port of the Commissioner of Education that there
has lately been a commendable increase of
interest and effort for their instruction; but all
that can be done by local legislation and private
generosity should be supplemented by such aid as
can be constitutionally afforded by the national
government. I would suggest that if any fund be
dedicated to this purpose it may be wisely dis-
tributed in different States according to the ratio
of illiteracy, as by this means those localities
which are more in need of such assistance will
reap the special benefits.
The report of the commissioner of agriculture
exhibits the results of experiments in which tha
department has been engaged during the past
year, and makes important suggestions in refer-
ence to the agricultural development of the coun-
try. The steady increase of our population and the
consequent addition to the number of those en-
gaged in the pursuit of husbandry are giving to
this department a growing dignity and importance.
The commissioner's suggestions to urge its capac
ity for greater usefulness deserves attention as it
more and more commends itself to the interests
wnich it was created to promote.
It appears from the report of the commissioner
of pensions that since 1850 789,069 original pension
claims have been filed; 450,949 of the e have been
a!iOwed, and inscribed on the pension roll; 72,539
have been rejected and abandoned, being 13
per cent, of the whole number of claims
settled. There are now pending for settlement
205,575 original pension claims, 227,040 of
which were filed prior to July 1, 1880.
These, when allowed, will involve payment
of arrears from the date of discharge, in case of
being valid, and from date of death, or termination
of a prior right in all other cases. From all the
data obtainable it is estimated that 15 per cent, of
the number of claims uow pending will be rejected
or abandoned. This would show the probable re-
jection of 34,040 cases, and the probable admission
of about 193,000 claims, all of which in-
volves the payment of arrears of pensions.
With the present force employed, the number of
adjudications remaining the same, and no new
business intervening, this number of claims, 193.-
000, could be acted on in a period of six years, and
taking January 1, 1884. as a near period from
which to estimate in each case an average amount
of arrears, it is found that every case allowed
would require for the payment upon it the sura of
$1350. Multiplying this amount by the whole num-
ber of probable admissions, gives $250,000,000 as the
sum required for first payments. This represents
the sum which must be paid upou claims which
were before July 1, 1880, and are now pending and
entitled to the benefits of the Arrears act.
From this amount $250,000,000 may be deducted-
from ten to fifteen millions for cases where the
claimant dying, there is no person who under the
law would be entitled to succeed to the pension-
leaving $235,000,000 as the probable amount to be
paid. In these estimates no account has been
taken of the 38,580 filed since June 30,
1880, and now pending which must receive
attention as current business, but which does not
involve the payment of any arrears beyond the
date of filing the same. Of this number it is estima-
ted that 86 per cent, will be allowed. As has been
stated, with the present force of the pension bu-
reau, 675 clerks, it is estimated that it will take six
years to dispose of the claims now pending. It is
stated by the commissioner of pensions, by an
addition of 250 clerks, increasing the adjudicating
force rather than the mechanical, double
the amount of work could be accomplished, so
that these cases could be acted upon
within two years. Aside from considerations of jus-
tice which may be urged for a speedy settlement
of the claims now on file in the pension office, it
is no less important on the -score of economy, in-
asmuch as fully one-third of the clerical force of
the office is now wholly occupied in giving atten-
tion to correspondence with thousands of claim-
ants whose cases have been on file for the past
e ghteen years. The fact that a sum so enormous
must be expended by the government to meet the
demands for arrears of pensions is an admonition
to Congress and the executive to give cautions
consideration to any similar project in the future.
The great temptation to the presentation of ficti-
tious claims, afforded by the fact that the average
sum obtained upon each application is $1300, leads
me to suggest the propriety of making some
special appropriation for the prevention oH fraud.
I aavise appropriation for such internal im-
provements as th; wisdom of Congress may deen
to be of public importance. The necessity of im-
proving the navigation of the Mississippi River
; ustlfies a special allusion to that subject. I sug-
gest the adoption of some measure for removal of
obstructions which now impede the navigation of
that great channel of commerce.
In my letter accepting the nomination for the
vice-presidency, I -tatedthat in my judgment no
man should be the incumbent of an office the
d uties of which he is for any cause unfit to per-
form, who is lacking in the ability, fidelity
or integrity which a proper administration
of such office demands. This sentiment would
doubtless meet with general acquiescence,
but opinion has been widely divided upon the
wisdom and practicability of the various reforma-
tion schemes which have been suggested, and of
no certain proposed regulations governing ap-
pointments to public office. The efficiency of such
regulations has been distrusted, mainly because
they have seemed to exalt mere educational and
abstract tests above general business capacity, and
even special fitness for the particular work in
hand. It seems to me that the rules which
should be applied to the management of
tne public service may properly conform
in the main to such as regulate the conduct of
successful private business. Original appoint-
ments should be based on ascertained fitness. The
tenure of office should, so far as practicable, be
fitted by the promotion of worthy and effi-
cient officers; the investigation of all complaints
and punishment of all official misconduct
should be prompt and thorough. The views ex-
pressed in the foregoing are those which will gov-
ern my administration of the executive office.
Thej^ are doubtless shared by all intelligent and
patriotic citizens however diverged in their
opinions as to the best methods of putting them
into practical operation For example, the ass rtion
that original appointments should be based on
ascertained fitness is not open to dispute, but
the question how in practice such fitness can be
most effectually ascertained is one which has for
years excited interest and discussion. The meas-
ure which with slight.variations in its details has
lately been urged upon the attention of Congress
and the executive, has as its principal feature the
scheme of competitive examination. Save
for certain exceptions which need not
here be specified, this plan would allow
admission to the service only in its
lowest grade, and would accordingly demand that
all vacancies in higher positions snould be filled by
promotion alone. In these particulars it is in
conformity with the existing civil service
system ot" Great Britain; and, indeed, the
success which has attended that system
in the country of its birth is the strongest
argument which has been urged for its adop iou
here. The fact should not, however, be overlooked
that there are certain features of the English sys-
tem which have not generally been received with
favor in this country even among the foremost ad-
vocates of civil service r* form. Among these are,
first, a tenure of office which is substantially a
life tenure; second, a limitation of the
maximum age at which an applicant can
enter the service, whereby all men in middle
life or older are, with some exceptions, rigidly ex-
cluded. 3. A retiring allowance on going out of
office. These three elements are as important
factors of the problem as any of the others. To
eliminate them from the English system would
effect a most radical change in its theory and prac-
tice. The avowed purpose of that system is to
induce the educated young men of the country to
devote their lives to public employment, by an
assurance that having once entered upon it they
need never leave it, and that after voluntary re-
tirement they shall be the receiplents of
an annual pension. That this system, as
an entirety, has proved very suscessful
in Great Britain seems to be generally conceded
even by those who once opposed its adoption. To
a statute which should incorporate ail its essen-
tial features I should feel bound to give my ap-
proval. But whetherit would be for tne best in-
terests of the public to fir upon an expedient
for immediate and extensive application which
embraces certain feature^ of the English system,
but excludes or ignores others of equal importance,
may be seriously doubted, even by those who are
impressed a> l am myself with the grave im-
portance of correcting the evi!s which inhere in our
present methods of appointment. If, for example,
the English rule which shuts out persons
above the age of twenty-five years from
large number of public employments, is
not to be made an essential part of our
own system, it is questionable whether the attain-
ment of the highest number of marks at a com-
ititive examination should be the criterion
' which all applications for appointments
shonld be put to the test, and under a
similar condition it may also be a question
whether admission to the service should
be strictly limited to its lowest ranks. There are
very many characteristics which go to make a
model servant. Prominent among them are Drobi-
ty, industry, good sense, good habits, good temper,
patience, order, courtesy, tact, self-reliance, and
manly deference to superior officers and manly
consideration for inferiors. The absence of these
traits is not supplied by wide knowledge of books or
mature vears, and to young men fresh from school
and college, would not be likely to exalt mere in-
tellectual proficiency above other qualities of equal
or greater importance. Another feature
of the proposed system is selection by pro-
motion of all officers of the government above
the lowest grades, except such as would fairly
be regarded as exponents of the policy of
the executive and the principles of the dominant
party. To afford encouragement to faithful pub-
lic servants by exciting in their minds the hope of
promotion if they are found to merit It. is much to
be desired: but would it be "Tie to adopt a rule so
rigid as to permit no other methods of sup-
ply ing the immediate wants of the service? There
are many persons who fill subordinate
positions with great credit, but lack those qualities
which are requisite for higher posts of duty, and
because the mode of thought and action- of
one whose service in a governmental
bureau has been long continued, are
that before we confine ourselves with important
questions within the bounds of statutory enact-
ments we may await the result of further inquiry
and experiment. The submission of a portion of
the nominations to a central board
of examiners selected solely for treating the
qualifications of applicants may. perhaps, without
resort to the competitive test, put an end to the
mischiefs which attend the present system of ap-
pointments, and it may be feasible to vest in
uch a board a wide discretion to as-
certain the characteristics and attainments of
cand.dates in those particulars which I
have already been referred to as being
no less important than mere intellectual attain-
ments. If Congress should deem it advisable at
the present session to establish competitive
tests for admission to the service, no doubts
such as have been suggested shall deter
from giving the measure my earnest Support, and
earnestly recommend should there be a failure to
pass any other act upon this subject,
that an appropriation of $25,000 per year
may be made for the enforcement of
section 1753 of the revised statutes. With the aid
thus afforded me I shall strive to execute the pro-
vision of the latter according to its letter, and I am
unwilling, in justice to present civil servants of
the government, to dismiss thi3 sub-
ject without declaring my dissent
from the severe and almost incriminate
censure with which they have been recently
assailed. That, they are as a class indolent, ineffi-
cient and corrupt, is a statement which has been
often made and widely credited; but when the ex-
tent, variety, delicacy and importance of their du-
ties are considered, the great majority of the em-
ployes of the government are, in my judgment, de-
serving of high commendation.
The continuing decline of the merchant marine
of the United States is greatly to be deplored. In
view of the fact that we furnish so
large a proportion of the freights of the
commercial world, and that our shipments
are steadily and rapidly increasing, it is
cause of surprise that not only is the navigation
interests diminishing, but it is less than when our
exports and imports were not half as large as now
either in bulk or value.
Washington, December 6.—Petetions were pre-
sented by Messrs. Beck, Jonas, Sherman and
Plumb to require railroads to conduct their busi-
ness on terms just and equitable to the public.
By Mr. Mills, of California, for a territorial gov-
ernment for Southeastern Alaska.
Bills were introduced by Mr. Cameron, of Penn-
sylvania, for publia buildings—courts and post-
office at Erie, Pa.
By Mr. Saunders for the admission of Dakota as
a St te.
At 12:15 a report was made by the Senate half of
the Joint Committee to wait on the president and
inform him of the organization of Congress, and
that they had been informed by the president that
he would communicate with the two houses in
Bills were introduced by Mr. Ingalls, graiiting the
frankmg privilege to Lucretia R. Garfield. By Mr.
Pendleton, to regulate and improve civil service
ot the United States; also, to prevent extortion
from persons in public service, and bribery and
coercion by such persons.
By Kellogg—Various bills as follows: For the es-
tablishment of United States ocean mail service
and revival of foreign commerce In American
steamship*, authorizing mail steamship service in
the Gu'.f of Mexico between New Orleans
and Mexican ports: for the establish-
ment of a steamship mail service be-
tween the United States and Brazil; for
opening and keeping uninterrupted the navigation
of Red River; to authorize the Barataria ship ca-
nal to construct and operate a ship canal from
New Orleans to the Gulf of Mexico.
By Mr. Windom—To create Dakota a State; also,
est ablishing the Territory of Northern Dakota
By Mr. Brown—For the settlement of accounts
with certain railroad companies. It authorizes the
secretary of war and attorney-general to finally
settle accounts with such railway companies as re-
ceived property from the United States in the years
1S65 and;l866, and have made full payment for
same, and with other companies whose accounts
may be adjusted under this account upon a basis
of settlement. Adopted in the case of the West-
era Atlantic Railroad of Georgia, under authority
of the act of 1877.
All the foregoing were tabled to await the re-
turns of committees.
Mr. Beck offered a resolution instructing the
Judiciary Committee to inquire whether the ex-
isting laws cover every possible contingency by
which a vacancy in the presidency might occur.
Mr. Maxey offered a resolution of similar import.
The message was, at 10:50 p. m., read and or-
A resolution was adopted calling for a commit-
tee to act with a House committee to commemo-
rate President Garfield.
Mr. Edmund's resolution was adopted by
a party vote, excepting that President
Davis voted with the majority and supported it.
Mahone, who was absent, was made available for
the Republicans by transfer to him by Rollins of a
pair between him and German, who was absent.
Rollins, who voted, stated that pair, when made,
carried with it power to transfer. Adjourned.
House of Representatives.
Washington. December 6.—Rev. Fred K. D.
Powers, chaplain, opened the proceedings of the
House with prayer this morning. "We thank
Thee, O Lord/' he prayed, " for tnis gathering of
representatives of the people. We praise Thy name
for the favors Thou hast shown this nation and
these Thy servants during the days past. We give
Thee thanks, that, although a cloud of sorrow has
enveloped 'the hearts ana homes of Thy people,
that Thy providence has preserved us, bringing
joy out of sorrow, light out of darkness and wisckm
out of folly."
Norse, Mass and Scales of North Carolina,
Sales, 119.500 bales. December. ll.9Mll.88e; Jan-
uary, firstname.lastname@example.org; February,•ll.99<&12.00c; March.
12.19(^12.20c: A'riU 12.86® 12.38c; Mav, 12.48&
12.49c; June. email@example.com; July, 12.67<2&12.69c;
August, 12.73® 12.75c.
Nrw York, December 6.—Stocks irregular. Ala-
bama, class A,2 to 5s.8I; Alabama class A,2s small,
81; Alabama, class 5s, 99%; Alabama, class C, 4s,
. Chicago and Northwestern, 12894; do. pre-
ferred, 140; Erie. 44%; East Tennessee Rail-
road, rSNSjl; Georgia Railroad. 163; Illinois Cen-
tra), 132&; Lake Shore ana Michigan Southern,
120U: Louisville and Nashville, 10§£4; Memphis
and ;Charleston, 71; Nashville and Cnattanooga.
84J<; New Yorfc Central. 137%; Pittsburgh and
Cleveland, guaranteed, 136; Richmond and Alle-
ghany, 37; Richmond and Danville Railroad,
126^; Rock ~
Island, 134; Wabash, St.
, . 84H-
by promptitude in answering questions, or by any
other quality likely to be brought to light by a
competitive examination. To make success in
such a contest, therefore,an indispensable condition
of public employment, would very likely result in
the practical exclusion of the older applicants,
even though they might possess qualifications far
superior to their younger and more brilliant com-
petitors. These suggestions must not be regarded as
evidence of any spirit of opposition to the com-
petitive plan, which has been to some extent suc-
cessfully employed already, and which may here-
after viudicate the claim of its mo.-t earnest sup-
porters; but it ought to be seriously considered
whether the application often so cramped by rou-
tine procedure as almost to disqualify him from
instituting the changes required by the public in-
terests. An infusion of new blood from time to
time into the middle ranks of the service might be
very beneficial in its results. The subject under
discussion is one of grave importance. The evils
which are complained of can not be eradicated at
once. The work must be gradual. The presnt English
system is a growth of years and was not created
by a single stroke of executive or legislative ac
tion. Its beginnings are found in aa order in
council and at a time wheu resort had been had to
competitive examinations as an experiment much
more extensively than has yet been the case in
country. A select committee of the House of
Commons made a report to that house which
declaring its approval of the competitive plan
deprecated nevertheless any precipitancy in itc
general adoption as likely to endanger its ultimate
success. During the tentative period the results
of the two methods—personal examinations and
competitive examinations, were Closely watched
of the same educational standard to persons of
ared and qualified. The work of selecting seats
naving been concluded, the speaker laid before
the House the president's message, and it was
read by Mr. McPherson. The reading occu-
pied two hours and a half. At first it was listened
to attentively, but during the last hour attention
flagged and members went into conversation with
each other or retired to the cloak room to *moke
The president's views on the Mormon question
elicited some applause, which was repeated as the
reading was concluded. Mr. Mclnley, of Ohio,
then offered the following resolution, which was
Resolved, that a committee of one member from
each Sta e represented in this House be appointed
on the part of the House to join a committee
which may be appointed on the part of the Senate,
to confer and report by what token of reapect and
affectiou it may be proper for the Congress of the
United States to express the deep sensibility of the
nation at the !oss of its late president, James A.
Garfield, and that so much of the president's mes-
sage as refers to the melancholy event, be referred
to that committee.
On motion of Mr. Kelley, of Pennsylvania, the
president's message was ordered printed and re-
ferred to the Committee of the Whole.
Mr. McLane, of Maryland, asked leave to offer
a resolution requesting the president to communi-
cate to the Hou-e the instructions by the State De-
partment to ministers to Chili and Peru in regard
to the war between those countries.
Mr. Roberson, New Jersey, objected on the
ground thai it would be time to go into that mat-
ter, when committees were appointed, and there-
upon, on his motion, the House at 5:30 adjourned
until Friday, with the understanding that a further
adjournment should then be taken till Tuesday.
In the course of the afternoon Thompson, of
New York, attempted to get the floor to offer a
resolution affecting the dignity of the House, but
failed. The purport of the resolution could not
Paris, December 5.—M. Rouvier, Minister of
Commerce, to-day cordially received the French
committee for furthering a Franco-Americai
treaty of commerce. He declared his readiness to
withdraw M. Gerard's decree concerning American
pork if Americans would institute a trustworthy
system of inspection. In reference, to the
subject of the appointment of commission-
ers to negotiate the basis of a treaty of commerce
he said he recognized that as soon as the treaties
now under discussion were concluded, the French
Chambers ought to respond to the action of the
American Congress by taking the initiative, rela-
tive to the appointment of commissioners.
Tiie Counter-League of Ireland.
London, December 5.—The Lord Mayor of Lon-
don writes the Times stating the property defense
associa- ion of Ireland has not failed to eome un-
der his notice as Lord Mayor, and that the Irish
nation may rely on traditionary sympathies of the
city of London to aid the association. The Times,
in an editorial, reproaches the English nation with
apathy in not aiding efforts to combat the action
of the Land League by assisting the association.
London, December 5.—A Sc. Petersburg dispatch
to the Standard says: Authentic news of anti-Jew-
ish riots at Oddessa has only just reached here.
The upshot of the attack on Sarah Bernhardt went
without comment until Sunday's issue of one of
the leading journals, which makes remarks on the
aff Air that are a disgrace to journalism. The cor-
respondent says he can state on good authority
that a fresh outbreak of tbe anti-Jewish agitation
in Russia is considered imminent.
Dublin, December 5.—The Court of Queen's
Bench has quashed proceedings against sub-in-
spectors O'Brien and Bouchier, who commanded
ie police on the occasion of the recent riot at Bal-
leyragget, county Kilkenny, and against whom a
verdict of willful murder was returned by the cor-
oner's jury in the case of Mansfleid, who died from
the effects of injuries received on that occasion.
- French Elections.
London, December 5.—A Paris dispatch to the
Times says: The Chamber of Deputies has an-
nulled elections of MM. Ladoucette and Amagat,
who were returned for the departments of Ardennes
and Cantal, respectivelv. on the ground that their
elections were carried by clerical infiuenoe. The
Times' correspondent says a second ballot will be
necessary to decide the election at Lyons.
Humbert Elected a Deputy.
Paris, December 5.—The supplemental elections
for ueputies were held in the various electoral dis-
tricts to-day. In the Tenth Arondissement of
Paris M. Lefevre, a member of the staff of the Rap-
pel, was elected. M. Humbert, an amnestied com-
munist, was elected at Lyons.
Irish Lady Summoned.
London, December 5.—Miss Reynolds, who has
been conspicuous at Berehaven for her advocacy of
no rent, has been served with a summons, charging
her with aiding and abetting a criminal conspiracy
to prevent the payment of rent.
The Anti-Rent movement#
London, December 5.—The Dublin correspondent
of the Times says the conspiracy against tne pay-
ment of rent is extending and intimidation, boy-
cotting and threats are prevalent throughout a
large area of territory.
Twenty Off ar None.
Dublin, December 5.—Six hundred of the Duke
of Devonshire's tenants have decided not to pay
their rents, except with a reduction of twenty per
The Trial or Oalteaa.
Washikgton, December 6.—Tiie usual sceues
wera enacted in the Guiteau trial to-day. The
prisoner was, as usual, irritable and abusive to his
counsel and dictatorial to everybody else.
Ex-Oongressmau Farwell, of Chicago, and Geo.
C. Gorham, ex-secretary of the Senate, now editor
of the Washington Kepublicaja, were the only wit-
Farwf.ll said he had never thought Golteau sane.
No opinion as to his sanity was elicited from Gor-
ham, and he will probably be recalled later. After
announcing willingness to propound written ques-
tions to President Arthur, provided the proseci
tion agreed to admit questions and answers as ev.
dence, Scoville announced the defence rested. This
brought another storm of abuse from Guiteau, but
he was quieted by being permitted to read long
extracts from his book, which he did in good style.
To-morrow the prosecution will begin testimony
in rebuttal of the insanity plea
«• - Cotton quiet
Sales 4000 bales. Ordinary, 9%c; good ordinary.
Pacific, 41V$; Western
Sub-treasury balances: Com,
New York. December 8.—Southern flour un-
changed, quiet. Common to fair extra, $5 75®.
6 75; good to choice do, $6 80<^8 12^. Wheat
openea lower, afterward became firm, recovered
the decline, closing with more strength: ungraded
spring, SI 34; ungraded red, fl 26. Corn opened
about J^c lower, subsequently recovered, advanced
treble, closing firm; No. 3, December, 70^^71c.
Oats are a shade lower and les- active. Ceffee un-
changed, dull. Sugar dull and nominal; fair to
good refining, quoted, refined dull and
weak. Molasses quiet; new crop, New Orleans,
40(3^62c Rice stead v; demand moderate. Turpen-
tine- strong at 55Hc. Wool firm, quiet; domestic
fleece; 44®48c; Texas 16<&33o. Pork dull, weak and
declining; $17 25<&17 37**.
New Orleans. December Flour quiet but
steady; superfine, 84 ?5@5 00: XX, $5 50<®5 75:
XXX. $5 75®6 25; higher grades, £6 25©7 75.
Corn in fair demand at 7fc<&81o. Oats quiet at 5o(&
57c. Cornmeal scarce ana firm; held at S3 656a
3 75. Hay firmer; prime, $25 00: choice, $27 00
@27 50. Pork firmer at S17 87^18 00. Lard
steady; tierce, refined, 12%c; keg, 12%c. Dry salt
meats easier: shoulders, packed, 6.90(&6.97c. Ba-
con quiet but steady; shoulders, 8J4c: clear
rib and long clear, i0H®10%c; clear, 11c.
Hams dull; choice sug^r-cured, canvased,
ll(^13c, as in size. Wnisay higher: West-
ern rectified, $1 00(^1 16. Coffee dull and
lower: cargoes, ordinary to prime, 854<&12c. Sugar
active and firm: common to good common. 5
@6^c; fair to fully fair, 6%<£^<%c; prime to
choice, 7%<&7$4c'i yellow clarified 8V4e. Molasses
in good demand; common. 35®40c; centrifugal,
33@46c; fair 43®47c; prime to choice 48@55c.
Rice dull and lower; ordinary to choice, 5@6^c.
Bran firm at $1 15.
Chicago, December 6.—Flour quiet and un-
changed: spring wheats, common to choice West-
ern, $4 50(a4 65. Wheat unsettled and lower;
Chicago spring, jl 1 26^6 cash and December.
Corn active but a shade lower; 60J4c cash and
December. Hogs easier $6 75. Fork active but
lower at $16 50 for old: new $17 00 for cash and De-
cember. Lard active but lower at lie cash and
December. Bulk meats in farr demand at lower
rates; shoulders. 6.50c; short ribs, 8.95c; clear, 9.30c.
Whi ky steady and unchanged at $1 17.
St. Louis, December 6.—Flour nominally un-
changed. Wheat opened lower, advanced and
close < off again; No. 2 red fall, $1 cash;
$1 34*4 December. Corn opened lower and ad-
vanced to 6$V&'3 cash; 65?4C December. Oats slow
and lower, at 46V£c cash; no option. Pr^■•visit-ns
easier but not quotibly lower, and only a jobbing
trade. Whisky steady at $116.
The following Information regarding rail
roads is culled from the Railroad Register of
the 3d instant:
Passenger business over the Houston and
Texas Central road is reported as being very
good indeed, and the largest business in th»
history of the road is now being done.
It is rumored in Milwaukee that Mr. A. A.
Talmage, general manager of the Missouri-
Pacific, is to resign that position to fill one of
general superintendent on the Chicago, Mil-
waukee and St. Paul, on January 1.
Cave's pamphlet of Texas, issued by the
Houston and Texas Central Railroad Compa-
ny, is very instructive and of great interest
to those who intend locating in that State,
ani to others who have interests there. A
copy will be given to any one calling, or will
be mailed to any one on application to any of
the company's agents.
The Mercantile Trust Company has been in-
structed to make the exchanges of the Iron
Mountain 5 per cent, general, mortgages for
the income bonds at the rate of 107 for first
preferred and par for second preferred. The
new bonds carry the October coupons which
the Trust Company pays.
The Frisco Line will open on December 10
its western division as far as Halsted, Kansas,
a distance from Wichita of twenty-five miles.
Halsted is a station on the main line of the
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe line, and that
of course will be where the two lines make di-
rect connection. All details of business be-
tween the two roads have been made, tariffs
and time tables are in the hands of the print-
er, and wil' be out in a day or two.
Oil City Derrick: It happened 09 a railroad
train which was going—well, it wasn't exactly
a lightning express. The engineer whistled
"down brakes."' "What's the trouble, con-
ductor?" excitedly asked a passenger. "Cow
on the track," coolly responded the conductor.
The man was satisfied. Shortly afterward
" down brakes " was a^ain whistled. " What's
the trouble now?" cried the same passenger.
" Cow on the track," was the reply. " Great
heavens 1" cried the man, "havn't we caught
up with that cow -e' ?"
The earning s of the Mexican Central Rail-
way were for tne last half of September,
$3153 95; first half of October, $4377 40; last
half of October, $6006 74; number of miles
operated, 58. This does not include carriage
of the company's materials, but only the regu-
lar freight and passenger traffic derived from
the public. The estimated earnings of the
New York and New England for the three
weeks ending November 15 were $187,656 15,
an increase of $24,478 95 over the correspond-
ing period of 1880.
We have witness el the magical effect of St.
Jacobs Oil in the most severe cases of rheuma-
tism, and without hesitancy pronounce it the
greatest remedy in the market. The Cincin-
nati Enquirer mentions the following state-
ment from Mr. Burton, of the great stove firm
of Red way & Burton, that city: My boy was
afflicted with the rheumatism badly; we had
doctored him a great deal, but could find no
cure; I saw St. Jacobs Oil advertised so much,
heard so much of its good aualities, that I at
last determined to try it. I must say that it
beats all my doctoring hollow. Two bottles of
St. Jacobs Oil cured my boy of the rheuma-
tism when all other remedies which I had tried
Wilbor's Cod-Liver Oil and Llxne.-
The great popularity of this safe and efficacious
preparation is alone attributable to its intrinsic
worth. In the cure of Coughs, Colds, Asthma,
Bronchitis, Whooping Oouarh, Scrofulous Humors,
and all Consumptive Symptoms, it has no sup e-
rior, if equal. Let no one neglect the early symp-
toms of disease, when an agent is at hand which
will cure all complaints of the Chest, Lungs, or
Throat. Manufactured only by A. B. Wilbor,
Chemist, Boston. Sold by all druggists.
srross, 9973 bales.
-To Great Britain, 352$ bales; continent, 4806
fctock, 30,375 ba&pj. Futures barely steady.
Notice to Consignees.—The steamship
COLORADO. Crowell, master, from New York,
now dischararing cargo at Williams's wharf.
Consignees will please pay freight and receive
their goods as landed, receipting for the same on
the wharf. All goods remaining on the wharf after
4 o'clock p. m. (not receipted for) may, at option of
steamer's agent, be placed in warehouses or covered
jaulins on the wharf, but they are entirely
at risk o*f consignee or owner. All claims for dam-
ages must be adjusted be foe the goods leave the
J. N. SAWYER. Agent.
RUCTION, THIS DAY, 10 A. M.
86 dozen China DoUs, SO dozen Suspenders, Big In-
voice Tin Toys, Plated-ware, Large lots Hosiery,
Ladies' Cloaks, Fine Line Dress Goods, Men's over-
coats,100 dozen Overshirts, 30 dozen Ladies' Balmo-
ral skirts, Blankets, Comforts, Knit Goods, Hand-
kerchiefs. Shawls, Glassware, Vases, Majolica, and
invoice of* Pocket Cutlery, 10 pieces Black Gros
grain and Silks. S. W. SYDNOR & CO.
PI/RSCAIVT TO THE STATUTE II*
such cases jnade and provided, at 12 o'clock
m., on Thursday, the 22d day of December, 1881, at
my warehouse, corner of Thirty-third and Church
streets, in the city of Galveston, I will sell at public
auction, to the highest bidder for cash, for the
payment of freight and charges, 386 bars of rail-
road iron, marked E. V. Co. L. No. J.
Assignee's Sale Texas Lands.
ASSETS LEE, McBP.IDE & CO. AND C. H. LEE.
WILL SELL AT PUBLIC AUCTION
at the Sales-rooms of S. W. Sydnor & Co., Tre-
mont street, Galveston, December 15th, at 10 a. m.,
the following lands, giving such titles as vest in me
by Deeds of Assignment:
Acres. County. Hd. Right or Patent.
268..Cherokee.. G. W. Wood—No. sur. 721.
4GQ. .Erath Hein Henry Brittle, dee'd.
—No. pat. 365.
H int. 503. .Wood N. V. Sharp.
^int. 320..Wood R. Brown.
Uint. 160..Wood N H, S. B. Hunter,
: £ int. 173.. Wood O. Hendricks.
| int. 260.. W ood W. Dob son.
100..Wood G. W. Matthews.
100. .Travis, imp. Antonio Navara. *
525. .Liberty —Tarkenton survev.
400..Robertson..G. W. McGraw—No. pat. 90.
Also one lot ground, 157x50, Town Mineola, said
to be improved.
ACCOUNT OF O. H. LEE.
516 acres in Williamson county, survey of Thom-
as P. Jones, and known as Nos. 23, 24, 18, 18, 14, 16,
10, 5, 8, 3, 2, E. S. C. Robertson Sub-division.
Yi int. 1800 acres, Hill county, E. S. C. Robertson,
For particulars or further information, applv to
S. W. SYDNOR & CO., Auctioneer!
S. W. Jones, Assignee.
Ceaeral Bodily Pains,
all mi nm
No Preparation on earth equal* St. Jacobs Oil aa a sa tu,
strx, sixplz ani cheap External Remedj. Atrial entails
but the comparatively trifling oatlaj of HO Cskts, and every
one sufleriag with pain oan have eheap and positive proof of
iW DIRECTIONS IS ELETEN UX6CAGU.
SOLD BY ALI DRUGGISTS AH tIALEItS IN KCBIBIIL
A. VOBELER & CO.
Baltimore, M4., U, S.M*
PASCHAL'S LAW WORKS
TO LAWYERS—We have reduced the price
of PaschaPs DI« o«t of Decisions (three
volumes) to $10 per volume, or $28 for the set,
jstage paid. The price of The Digest of
aws (two volumes) has also been reduced to $8
per volume, or $15 for the set.
Orders for "an v of these volumes (accompanied
by remittance of price) addressed to the under-
signed, or to W. J. HANCOCK, Jr., Hous-
ton, Texas, will be promptly attended to.
Volume IV of The Digest of Decisions,
which will bring the work up to date, is now in
course of preparation by Hon. J. H. McLeary,
Attorney General of the State of Texas, and will
be published as soon as completed,
THOMAS McGILL & CO ,
Printers and Publisher?,
P. O. Box 3-39, Washington. D. C.
Horfthint Habit Cared Inll
to 20 days. So pay till Cared.
Dr, j. stephins, Lebanon, Ohio.
A LI* ORDERS OR COMPLAINTS
receive prompt attention, should be left at
the office of the Company, in the Brick Building, on
market Streets Between 24th and 25th
Between the hours of S and 12 o'clock a. m.
AUG. BI TTLAR, Secretary.
SAMPLES OF OUR CARGO
To Arrive About December 10.
WILL SELL AT
New York Figures
LeGIERSE & €0.
J. S. BROWN c£ GO,
Desire to call attention of Interior purchaser, to tUe Important fact that thetr
STEEL PLOW SHAPES]
From ivhlch order, will be filled with n.ual promptness and alacrity.
Arrived and Discharging, the Bark
UK IN RICH RJORN, with
Orders will be filled at
MOORE, STRAW & CO.
MILLER & ENGLISH
IN STORE AND TO ARRIVE,
Ex Brig FLORA GOOD ALE,
TO CARPET DEALERS.
Notwithstanding the active demand for Carpets during the past two
months, our Stock of all grades is still complete, and we are receiving New
and Beautiful Patterns direct from the Looms every day. We solicit
Orders from Merchants who desire to replenish their stocks with choice
styles of the f allowing Goods:
Double Cotton Chains
Single Cotton Chains.
lil Gloths, u,
In addition to the above we carry all grades of Cocoa Mattings, Lino-
leums, Window Shades, Lace Curtains and Mosquito Bais.
In filling Orders we give our Patrons the advantage of the Latest a-nd
Lowest Factory quotations.
Satisfaction in regard to Prices and Patterns Guaranteed.
j. KENNARD & SONS CARPET CO,
*20 and 422 North Fourth Street,
BRIDGEFORD <£ CO.,
MANUFACTURERS OF THE
CELEBRATED WOOD COOK STOVES,
DEALERS IN TINWARE. WOODEWARE, CUTLERY AD HOMMISflU GOODS GENERALLY.
BRIDGKEFCmD & CO.,
Cor. Tremont and Mechanic St»., GAI.VESTOJf, TEXAS.
S^-ISTBORISr & WARNER,
Manufacturer*' Sole Agents for tiie State of Texas for
W. L. Moody. E. S. Jemison.
C. M. Pearre.
C. M. PEARRK & r,0
Wasiitmrn & Moea Manufacturing Co., Worcester, lla>s., and i. L. El wood & Co., DoKalb, Hi., Sola
Manufacturers and Owners of all the Patents governing the manufacture of Barb Fence Wire. Ac*
knowledge^ by all to be tiie Best Barb Wire Ever made. It Is evenly twisted*
all Steel, genuinely galvanized, barbs uniformly five inches apart at right an-
gles with main wire. Hereafter oar prices will favorably compare with any
other style of Barb Wire made under license, regardless of their inferiority.
SANBORN 4c WARNER* Houston, Texas.
IN STORE AND TO ARRIVE
BRIG FLORA GOOBALE
nr n n
Galveston, Texas, August 15,1881.
The firm of MOODY & JE2IISON is this day dissolved by mutual consent. Each member is author-
ized to settle and pay the liabilities, to collect claims and to sign the firm name in liquidation.
n returning thanks to our numerous friends for their many favors, we recommend to them, for their
continued patronage and confidence, our succeeding firms of W. L. MOODY & CO., composed of W. I*
Moody and L. F. Moody, and JEMISON, GROCE & CO., composed of E. S. Jemison and T. J. Groce.
W. L. MOODY,
Our Second Cargo per Stray having
just arrived from Rio, we are now
Best Assortment on the Market.
NOTICE TO ARCHITECTS.
Plans, estimates, etc., for a
Conrt-House for Harris Connty,
Will be received within the time, and subject to
the terms, conditions, directions, etc., set forth in
the statement adopted by the undersigned, copies
of which may be had on application by mail, or in
person, to either member or the committee.
By order of the Commissioners' Court:
C. ANSON JONES, County Judge,
FRANK S. BURKE, Corner Preet. No. 1,
Houston, Texas, December 6,1881.
ST. MARY'S UNIVERSITY.
ALI THE BB1NCHES OF A PRAC
tical education are taught in this well-known
institution by a full corps of experienced profes-
sors. particular attention being given to the Com-
mercial and Mathematical Courses, as also to Mod-
ern Languages—French, German and Spanish. The
students receive military instruction four times a
week. The discipline is strict and the terms mod-
erate. On the 1st of January, 1882, we will have
accommodation for twenty-five additional board-
ers. For catalogue, write to
BEV. A. M. TRUCHARD, President.
Will be paid by the undersigned for the arrest of
the young man who passed the check forged in my
name on the clerk at the Dissen House, in this city.
He Is about five feet nine inches high, rather stout
dark complexion, brown curly hair and mustache
and goes by the name of HarUn, or Hardin.
K. C. CRAWFORD,
1500 HALF MATS
KAI FF51AN & RUNGE.
To Arrive ex-Brig PRAM, from
3500 sacks COFFEE.
Ex-Bark ANITA, from Rio Di-
3800 sacks COFFEE.
Having Id ought during tihe
recent depression I am
abled to offer "better ind
ments tlian can be lia
any of tiie Eastern ma:
Will sell in large lots a:
Importer Coffee and Salt.
P. J. WILLIS & BRO„
Importers and Wholesale Dealers in
G-roceries, Dry Goods,
Boots, Shoes, Hats, Gaps and Notions,
Bark Rebecca from Rio now Discharging 3500 Sacks Coffee.
W. L. MOODY & CO.,
E. 8. JEMISON,
T. J. GROCE.
JEMISON, GROCE & CO.,
^yHEN ItOU WAST AMTBIN6
HATJLED OR STORED,
Such as safes, Machinery, Merchandise, Grain, etc..
11. I\ SARGENT,
63 Mechanic Street,
who can give the best satisfaction at the shortest
mmswMii ui BROAD CLAIM oitemim
VEEY BEST 0PSBATQT&,
Cver offered to the public.
made only by
EXCEL8I0R MANUFACTURING CO.
SOS. 613, 614,613 ft 618 V. lUtt SW
ST. LOUIS, MO.
E. ENGLEKE, Sole Agent,
CHICAGO SCALE CO.
MITCHELL & 8CRUGGS, Gten'l Agents,
_ „ Dallas. Two ton Wagon-scales $40.
three ton $50, four ton $60, 7001b. Cotton beam and
frame §45. Ail scales warranted. Send for price list
. Tonic Syrup or
A Certain Cure tor every
fever and Ague. The Cure is Pel.
ruanent. Tiie Chill onee tiro- •
ken will not return. (
nplllS preparation ha« ail the TirtaM ft
1 quinine, without aay ofiU dua^reeaMe
effects. All who hare had Chill, and Ferer
and have tak.n quinine, calomel or araenie
(which are the principal ingredients of
most of th. medicines now in use) are
aware tkat th. medicine, often leave the
system in aa anhealthy condition, makinc
it more difioult to relieve it of their effect*
than of the eruinal disease. Winter-
smith's Improved Chill Cure leavea
the syiUm in a perfectly healthy condition,
with no bad effect* in any way te be wen
off. Unlike chill remedies generally, it re-
auire, no purgative te be taken with it
» medicine itself acting gently and
agreeably upon the liver aad bowels, ef-
fectually removing the can» of the dis-
ease, not merely temporarily checking it.
Arthur Pater It Co., Wholesale Agents,
_• LOU1SVILLX. AT.
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 40, No. 222, Ed. 1 Wednesday, December 7, 1881, newspaper, December 7, 1881; (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth463836/m1/2/?q=flipper%20trial: accessed October 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.