The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 39, No. 239, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 26, 1880 Page: 2 of 4
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Sunday, December 26, 18S0.
As regards organization and specific direc-
tion the Oklahoma movement may be largely
the work of railroad schemers and,professional
a lventurers. Ikit there can be no question
that with the popular constituents of the pro-
jiosed Oklahoma settlement land hunger is the
predominant incentive. It may seem strange,
a id it is certainly anouiaioos, that a con-
siderable number of people mhafbi&Hg states
as thinly populated, and with .such apparent
r*hindaaey of lands, as Missouri, Arkansas
and Texas, shotiM be impelled by a sense of
land dearth to undertake an expedition at-
tended by the severest hardships and beset
with ho common peril to Hfe a»* fortune. This
movement is phenomenal, and may well excite
in thoughtful observers a-tram of serious re-
flections. The laud which is^so eageriy sought in
this case is a patch of territory from
which white settlement has been fenced
out by Indian treaties, and around
which currents of emigration have been
flowing to the Rocky mountain regions,
to the Pacific slope, to Now 3fexico, to Col-
orado, awl to portions of Texas. Has the
westward tido of population reached a barrier
from which it must hereafter regurgitate, ua
der coudttions that will produce mysterious
ed<lk*> and violent agitations in the mid-
dle regions of the country? Has set-
tlement or appropriation exhausted all
the eligible portions of the public domain—
all those portions at least which are especially
adapted to agricultural purposes—and left
only bleak mountain ranges or barren and al-
mat wuterluss plains, lit at most for a rude
species of pastoral industry? It> is not calcu-
lated to suggest a reassuring auswer to these
'Questions to recall a prediction, made some
years ago in the United States Senate,
that by the dose of the nineteenth cen-
tury, or twenty years from now,
every acre erf ordinary agricultural land in this
country wouM be worth $50 in gold. AH signs
go to confirm the prediction. The day of cheap
lands, if present conditeons and present -tenden-
cies continue, will soon be a perished epoch
even for Americans with all their boasted im-
mensity of territory. At this moment the idea
of cheap lands, even hi some of the very thinly
settled portions of the South and West, is a
delusion and a mockery. LouisranaAa« arable
lands of the besfrdescriptian sufficient^to employ
and to sustain in comfort and prosperity an
agricultural population four or five times
greater than that which she has. This is
equally time of Eastern, Southern and Middle
Texas. Why are not the redundant arable kinds
in these portions of Texas, and hi Louisiana,
taken up, while men are rushing in pm*sntt of
lands to remote a»nd comparatively sterile re-
gions, where, for an indefinite period, they
must be cut off from railroad facilities
and the comforts and amenities of
civilization* The fact that not only here-in
Texas and in neighboring States, but through
out the Union, we-may perceive in the midst
of an incateuteWo superabundance of
land for the present uses of industry,
and for the pssesent support of
population of independent, intelligent and
and prosperous fc£fters«< the soil, the premoui-
tary symptoms of land famine, involving agri
cultural as wefl as social deterioration. In
presence-of finck^endeneies-tmd such portents
as thns^ndSpated, we have a« anomaly and an
enigma to- which the wisest and best states-
masship of the country can -not too soon ad-
dress itself for a solution a®d a remedy.
THE WEAKNESS OF PHYSICAL FORCE.
The head officers of the English Peace Society,
consisting of four members of Parliament and
two esquires, are out with a tract entitled
"The Weakness of Physical Force," in which
"The Foool's Errand," the "Negro Exodus,"
' The Report of Mrs. E. L. Comstock," and like
publications of overwrought imaginations or
designed falsehood, are called in evidence to
show by the results of the American war of
1861-5 that the Federal sword has carved out a
path for the negro worse than it was in the old
days of the avowed slave system. Mrs. Com-
stock is quoted to prove that the freedmen are
subjected to the most horrid cruelties, such as
.'fitting off their arms at the elbows, gouging
out their eyes, tearing out their tongues, and
numerous similar enormities of the most un-
restrained exercise «if barbarous cruelty. From
the testimony of the "Fool's Errand" the
society quotes as follows:
Bloody as the reign of Mazy, barbarous as the
chronicles of the Comanche—all killed with delibe-
ration. overwhelmed by numbers, roused from
slumber at the murk midnight, or killed in the hall
of public assembly, or upon the river brink, or in
the lonely win*1-roads—shot, stabl^ed, hanged,
drowned, mutilated beyond description, tortured
beyond conception. And then the wounded—those
woo escaped the harder fate,—the whipped, the
mangled, the bleeding, the torn; men despoiled of
manhood: womeu gravid with dead children:
bleeding backs, broken limbs. Ah! the wounded, in
this sHeut warfare, are more th ousasds than those
who groaned upon the slopes of Gettysburg I
Dwellings and schools and churches burned. The
poor, the weak, the despised, maltreated and perse-
cuted -by whom? Always the same intangible
presence, the same invisible power. Well did it
name itself " The Invisible Empire."
Although to any reasoning mind such un-
bridled licenses by a civilized people would
seem vastly improbable, the Peace Society
does not take into account any of those exist-
ing circumstances which,from their very nature,
cast the shadow of falsehood over the wit-
nesses. No eredit is given to rebutting evi-
dence; no weight accorded to the fact, recog-
nized by people 'professing less humanitarian-
ism and principle, that political affairs in the
South in their very nature might be expected
to yield an abundant crop of falsehood, such as
the Peace Society calls to the support of the
proposition of the weakness of physical force.
The only truth in the premises seized on by
the Peace Society is that the influ
ence of violence and brute force is not
calculated to solve great national or in-
ternational evils, as proved by the histo-
ry of religious and political persecution. Im-
l»erial Rome tried and failed to strangle Chris-
tianity in its infancy, and centuries of ruthless
jxirsecution of the Jews only caused the char-
acteristic features of that race to flash out with
fiery intoa&ty. Avthe storm prunes and roots
the oak, so does tho tempest of persecution, as
if by an admirable provision of Providence,
prune and root the characteristics which it
would fain destroy. The object of the English
Peace Society is a noble one, but the society has
made a mistake m not taking premises from
affairs in the sister isle, instead of crossing the
Atlantic for a tissue of falsehood.
AN ENGLISH SHEEP FAMOUS* THREAT-
There is noffaiag at vrtrich an Engifehman
will more quickly take alarm than at a threat
ened invasion of tiis larder. Of ail living iiwr-
tals, laonedroaai hunger its^he Englishman does.
The sto®aelfc of the Englishman is his weak
point. Kot tfeat he is weak in tho stomach, by
any means, for the digestive apparatus of the
average BngCsslnnaii is naarvetouafef perfect.
But he re- weak m that region, nesvea<heless,
when the question of supp!5es is up. He sub
mit®i>o being toeaWn out of his money with all
sorts of foreign financial bufefbies, mid comes
again when fresfcr baitas offered wife scarcely a
wry face. In tins direction -he stands punish-
ment admirably. Bukthere is aterrible-shaking
up of the-dr y bones when bis " mutton crop " is
threatened. There is something of this sort
going on beyond the Atlantic now, else how
can the position of the London Telegraph be
aecownted for-? It-r»»y4*> remembered, from
extracts made in the ooiumas-of the News at
the time, that something less than a year ago
the London Telegraph, saw ftt to pronounce
Texas> of att*Stat?es in the Union, the least ad-
vantageous for settlement by the English colo-
nist. It was a dreadfuQy bad ptece, according
to the testimony of this influential journal.
The Telegraph, it seems, lias gotton bravely
over this, however, and tho reason is not diffi-
cult to find. England is threatened with a
sheef> famine. For the sake of his " chops," an
Englishman will face tarantulas and revolvers
without flinching. " We have lately been
warned," says the Telegraph, "that the de-
cline in the aggregate number of our sheep
during these last three or four years is so
alarming as, if continued, to portend some-
thing not far removed from a sheep famine in
Great Britain at an early date." This accounts
for the miik in the cecoanut. The Telegraph,
if it has not forgotten, most assuredly "goes
back " on what it said about Texas less than a
year ago, and continues tteis:
The meat trade between the United States and
Europe has already attained immense proportions:
but there are not wanting indications to show that
before long the Southern States will vie with the
Western in supplying beef aa>d mutton to the
hungry millions who await them upon this side of
the Atlaniie. No country m the world, not even
excepting the Australasian Colonies, which are
credited with possessing sixty-five millions of sheep
among them, lias more magnificent natural pas-
ture and feeding-grounds to offer than the States of
New Mexico and Texas. To this fact our Australian
kinsmen are clearly more alive than ourselves,
seeing that a company has just been formed at
(Jeelung, near Melbourne, to purchase 700.000 acres
of splendid grass-growing and well-watered land in
New Mexico. The money invested amounts to
nearly £200,000, and it has been contributed by-
eight Australian squatters, who have been largely
and successfully engaged in siieep farming at home,
ami who expect to introduce immense improve-
ments into the system of pasturing sheep which
has hitherto pre vailed in the United States. All
along Che frontier which separates the United
States from Mexico, and also in that portion of the
former country which it gained by the Gadsden
purchase, soil, climate, and water tend them-
salses admirably to the creation of vast
" ranches for feeding cattle and sheep. The cli-
mate is so raikt that np artificial shelter for Hocks
and heals m needed throughout the winter, and it is
Stated that many A-ustralian sheep farmers, and
especially some who have suffered severely from
tire periodical drouths, which are of »»rh fre-
quent occurrence at the antipodes, have resolved,
in trans-Atlantic parlance, to "4 pirH «p-stakes."' and
to transfer themselves to "pastures new" upon
the North Ameocan Continent. Western Toxas,
which until l&teiy has remained atrnost unoccu-
pied, by reasrai of the constant raids across
the border made by Mexican horse and cattle
thieves, ctfers such attractions to sheep farmers-as
can bfrfoand m no other country upon earth.
The News is. glad to observe that this influ-
ential London journal has seen St to wipe its
spectacles, and that it is disposed to give Texas
and its advantages the benefit of better and
clearer observations. These revelations wiH
not hurt abroad. The Telegraph remarks, in
connection with this sheep industry in Texas,
thafcin addition to the " Australian principle "
of steep-farming, it wilt be necessary to import
high-class English rams and ewes, either from
Shropshire, Leicestershire, the CotswoHs, or
the Southdown s of Sussex, to the banks of the
Rio Grande, and even then some time may
elapse before the carcasses of dead sheep can be
transporter! without deterioration from th©
Gulf of Mexico to Liverpool, Glasgow and
London. All of which is satisfactory intelli-
gence, and teaches how squarely an English-
man can look matters in the face when his
larder is threatened.
MALTfNJSIANISM IN GERMANY.
A student of social science, who recently ar-
rived in ttris oounfcry from Berlin, makes the
startling assertion, through the columns of the
New York Tribune, that the MaHhusian theory
of overpopulation and its concomitant evils
has been accepted in Germany by the common
people as well as by statisticians and political
economists. The theory is that the natural in-
crease of population at the geometrical ratio has
overtaken the natural means of subsistence at
tin; arithmetical ratio. The writer cites the bear-
ing of the experience of Upper Silesia upon
the theory of population, as advocated by Her-
bert Spencer—that is, that the supply was setf-
rcgulattng, and- corresponded to the needs of
the country. He says that in Upper Silesia,
where tho people are so reduced that the least
disturbance in the natural course of events
brings them to the verge-of starvation, the in-
crease in population during the years 1867-71
was, in some districts, twenty-two per cent.
The birth-rate of "Germany he ptacesat four per
cent., and reasons that as the French, with only
a birth-rate of 3.6, are prosperous, with a large
surplus of production, Germany owes its im-
poverishment and increasing deficits to its
greater natural increase. It is true, however,
that Holland and Belgium, with almost as high
a birth-rate, are among the most prosperous
countries in Europe. Among their dense popu
lations there is comparatively no suffering
and no disposition to emigrate. If the Mal-
thusian theory is the sound one, these countries
would hold rank among the distressed nations
m Europe. Perhaps the real cause of the dis-
tress complained of is the new military
system, which transfers the best bone
and sinew of the country to the
barracks, and taxes the rest of the people to
pay, feed, clothe and arm them. This is cer-
tainly a strong element entering into the prob-
lem of German political economy. France,
also, has a large army of idlers to tax its pro-
ducers, but it does not furnish a parallel case,
as its richer soil, more salubrious climate, and
greater commerce afford a margin of wealth
over and above the consumption of its huge
military system. Whether the Malthusian
theory is sound or false, its revival in Ger-
many will have the effect of increasing the
disposition to emigrate, to the great advantage
of this country.
A STRAW FROM ABROAD.
Ia another column will be found a short
article from the London Anglo-American
Times, "Galveston as a Port," which is pub_
lished with the motive of showing the attention
which is being bestowed abroad upon the ques-
tion of a Mexican gulf outlet. The article re-
ferred to was indited m connection with the
great trans-continental railroad combinations
•so lately a theme in financial and trade circles,
and presents certain views that are somewhat
-significant. The writer thinks that the problem
of harbor* facilities at Galveston—deep water—
is of possibly equal importance with the
Panama canal project, and that the object
perhaps offers judknous employment to English
capital. "An enterprising British engineer,"
says the Times, "familiar with harbor con-
struction, might, to his own. fame and fortune,
turn his attention in that direction." The
Times is evidently not aware that the United
States Government has the matter in hand,
and that a capable engineer is even now en-
gaged upon the work. It is gratifying to
know, nevertheless, that the port of Galveston
is recognized as an important international
maritime position, and that the improvement
of harbor facilities thereat may be worthy, in
time, the consideration of foreign capitalists.
Straws, it is affirmed, show w&ieh way the
wind is Mowing. It will not be the part of
prudence, however, to trust a great deal to this
latest indication. The current is agreeable
enough, to be sure, but the vital issue is the
more Mkely to be solved by some wind origi-
nating nearer home.
A STAB AT THE PRESS.
It is now pretty generally conceded that
CoL Jones has been elected to Con-
gress from the Filth Congressional Dis-
trict, while Col. She par d has not. It
was a very close contest, and Jones came
out ahead by a small majority. During the
campaign some very serious charges of a most
damning character were made against each
candidate by the other. For instance, Jones
not only alleged, but proved, and his opponent
has to this day never dared deny the truthful-
ness of the assertion, that he, Sheparcl, was,
like Pitt, guilty of being a young man. On
tho other hand, Jones has never had the hardi-
hood to deny that he had at one time been an
active member of the democratic party. Now
that, to use an entirely original expression,
the smoke has cleared up, and we are able to
look over the political battle-field, it behooves
us to pass judgment on the successful candi-
date who is to represent us in the National As-
sembly. While the battle was raging there
was no occasion to pass on his qualifications,
as his opponent attended to thg.t very thor-
oughly. Col. Jones is said to be an eloquent
man, an able man, and to be very active in
promoting the welfare of his constituents, but
still thero is one charge made against
him about which he shoukl rise and
explain. Is there any truth in the assertion
that during his congressional career he has
failed to deadhead to the various newspapers,
and to the regular democratic organs in parti-
cular, in his district the usual quantity of con-
gressional documents? This is a very serious
matter, that affects indirectly the whole people
of Texas, while to the editorial fraternity the
failure to forward, free of charge, the " Pub.
Docs." is in the nature of a catastrophe. Thanks
to the free-lunch system,the editor of the party
organ is enabled to save the country once a week
at least, and to express himself with vigor on all
matters . of public interest, although it is a
pretty tight Squeeze, particularly in winter.
The editor of the party organ relies on those
congressional documents that Jones does not
send, for fuel; hence the warm notices of Maxey,
Reagan, Coke and the rest who do mail import-
ant public records for the use of the various
editorial stoves throughout the district. The
winter has been an unusually severe one, and
cord-wood has become such a marketable com-
modity that the far seeing granger refuses to
exchange it for subscriptions; hence there is
positive suffering aeaong the fraternity, all of
which might have been mitigated, at least, had
Jones done his duty as a patriot and a friend
of the press. We shall be glad to hear from
Congressman Jones on this subject. It is a
duty he owes his country and himself to ex-
plain his position.
Wlut the Interior Papers Say.
In reply to the remark, " the advocates of Gen.
Maxey wiH have to rely on his merits" the Fort
Worth Democrat says, 44 which is precisely what
they are doing and would commend the same line
of conduct to his opponents."
The Crockett Patron puts in blade and white the
advantages which an industrious colored man has
over idle white ones in Houston county:
A negro man made $30 this fall, picking cotton,
after he had gathered his own. That he and hts
wife had made ten bales clear of all expenses.
That he owed nothing, and had $500 in bank, and
had that day bought a place for $1200, and thought
it best to take that $509 and make a payment on it.
and did so. and that he had four years in which to
pay the. balance, but he thought he woidd pay it
next year if he had good luck. About the same
time four or five hearty, strong young white men
came to the house of the writer, piteously begging
for a meal of victuals.
The Patron wants some means to put all to work
Texas papers continue to solicit contributions
giving local news, but ask correspondents to make
them short and not to write unless there is some-
thing worth reporting. This is hardly fair. Most
people who write gratuitously for the press have
some regard for their own glory, however well it
may be veiled by the paramount deswe for the
public good. Correspondents of Kentucky papers
are a more eandkl lot than those of Texas, a cor-
respondent of the Padueah Snn beginning a com-
munication by saying that he has an attack of caco-
ethes scribendi, while a contributor to the Owens-
boro Messenger and Examiner signs himself "A
"Wretched, Rash, Intruding Fool." There is such a
tiling as too much candor.
The office of the Henderson Times is for sale.
The Jefferson Democrat issued a double number
for Christmas, devoted to both pleasure and busi-
The Dallas Times opposes the multiplication of
salaried officers. It says:
We emphatically do not need a county superin-
tendent of schools. The cry has been for more
money for public schools, and the cry for officers
to get a part of it will necessarily follow. The
county judges of the State are qualified to fill the
position. They have plenty of time to devote to
the sui>ermtendeuce of public schools. Whoa
county judgeships are abolished, then the creation
of a county superintendent may be necessary.
In a few days the San Antonio Express wilt issue
a mammoth edition of from ten to fifteen thousand
copies, in which will be published the annual review
of the business of San Antonio for 1880.
The Marshall Herald condemns the recent biH in-
troduced into Congress to devote the interest on
the money derived from the sale of public lands
to educating the children of the country, upon
winch the Jefferson Democrat remarks:
Our contemporary shows that it would not be a
drop in the bucket. ,lt might have gone farther and
shown that if every dollar thus raised was expended
for education it would be a waste of money, with-
out accomplishing any good. The truth is, it is a
sheer piece of demagogism. It is a revival of the
scheme introduced into Congress during President
Jackson's administration, which the democratic
party regarded as unconstitutional, and a step
Nevertheless, the pub lie lands of the United
States have been made useful in promoting educa-
tion in some of the States, though it must be con-
fessed Chat the appropriation by Congress of tends
for the benefit of agricultural a?id mechanical col-
leges under thecontrol of the States has been far
from producing the benefits expected by the advo-
cates of the measure. There is nothing new intheidea
that the public lands-of the nation shoufcl aid-in the
work of educating the people, as the following his-
toric notes on the subject will show. In his first
message President Washington says:,
" Knowledge-in every country is the surest basis
of public happfoess. To one ia which the measures
of government receive their impressions so Imme-
diately from the sense of the community as in ours,
it is proportionably essential;" and in his farewell
address occur these memorable words: " Promote,
then, as an object of primary importance, institu-
tions for tile general diffusion of knowledge. In
proportion as the structure of a government gives
force to public opinion, it is essential that pnljlic
opinion should t>e enlightened."
These may be regarded as the views of the feder-
alists, but the following is good democratic author-
Jefferson, in his sixth annual message, advoeat
iug the continuance df the tax on imports* observed
that: " Patriotism would certainly prefer its con-
tinuance and application to the great purposes of
the public education, roads, rivers, and canals."
Again, in his eighth annual message, he asked:
"tfoall it fie unproductive in the public vaults?
Shall the revenue be reduced? Or shall it not rsth-
.er be appropriated to the improvement of roads, .ca-
nals, rivers, education? " In a letter to Gov. Nicho-
las, dated April 2, 18*5. in which he ontfined his
scheme of education, he said of elementary educa-
tion: "My partiality for that division is not found-
ed in-viewsof education solely, but infinitely mora
as the means of a better administration of our Gov-
ernment and the eternal preservation of its repub-
President Madison, in his inaugural address, re-
commended to Congress " to favor in like
the advancement of science and the diffusion of in-
; formation as the best aliment to true liberty." Mr,
^Monroein his inaugural address remarked: "It is
only when the people become %norantand-oo«mpt,
when they degenerate into a populace, that they
become incapable of exercising the sovereignity.
Usurpation is an easy attainment and an usurper
soon found. The people themselves become the
willing instruments of their own debasement and
ruin. Let us look to the great cause and endeavor
to preserve it in fuH force. Let us by all-wise and
constitutional measures promote intelligence among
the people as the best means of preserving our
As regards appropriation of public lands to pur-
poses of education, in the Congress of the Confed-
eration Mr. Jefferson, in May, 1784, as chairman of
the committee on the organization of the western
territory, made a report which provided "that
there shall be reserved the central section of every
township for the maintenance of public schools,"
and the convention adopted an ordinance that
" there shall be reserved lot No. 16 of every town-
ship for the maintenance of public schools." In
1803 Congress passed an act granting the sixteenth
section of each township in the Mississippi Terri-
tory for education, and, later, by similar enact-
ments for other territorial acquisitions, except
Texas, winch retained the title to her public lands
under a bargain made at the time of her admission
into the Union. The 3i*wsWie time since noted
the use winch had been made of this endowment by
many of the new States of the West and South in
support of schools of various classes. Thus far the
pofecy has not formed an issue of any account be-
tween political parties.
The Texas Law Journal of December 22 prints
decisions of the higher courts, embracing the fol-
By the Supreme Court:
Title to real estate in Texas may descend
and vest m the alien heirs of a "citizen of
the United States who died in 1865. They
being sifcill aliens may maintain suit for s«»ch inheri-
tance. Such suit may be maintained after the lapse
of nine years, unless the State, by a proper pro-
ceeding, has had the estate declared forfeited. An
alien may derive title from a living ancestor. Ap-
peal from Falls county.
When counsel for defendant and the district at-
torney verbally agreed to select a particular per-
son to try the case, the regular judge being dis-
qualified, and when the case was called the district
attorney declined to adhere to the agreement, cmtd
had the case certified up to the governor for the
appointment of a special judge, and the defendant,
oa the case being called by the special judge so
appointed, objected to going to trial before him ou
account of the agreement, the court properly over-
ruled the objection. When defendant is once con-
victed and. on appeal, gets his case reversed, the
doctrine of former jeopardy does not apply. In
the absence of a statement of facts, bills or excep-
tion which do not disclose all the evidence on the
question involved. wiH not be considered. Neither
will special charges asked and refused be con-
sidered. In a trial for assault to rape it is the
<hity of the prosecution to show, beyond a reason-
able doubt.the criminal intent. It is improper for the
prosecutor, on trial, to refer to a former conviction.
When the court improperly overrules a challenge
for cause, and the defendant was forced to chal-
lenge the juror peremptorily, although he may
have exhausted all his challenges, unless it be
shown that an objectionable juror was thereby
forced upon liim. the error will not avail hlnvon ap-
peal. Defendant has i*o right to demand that he be
permitted to retire from the court-room with his
counsel and converse with his witnesses who have
been placed under the rule. This matter is in the
discretion of the trial judge. It was inadmissible
for defendant to prove, the deceased being under
arrest at the time of the killing, that the deceased
had formerly been a men»l>er of a vigilance com-
mittee, and liad turned public informer, and caused
the imprisonment of defendants father, etc. When
the identity of the slayer is clearly shown it is im-
proper to admit, in evideikce. proof that other par-
ties had threatened to take the life, or a<kmss-»ou
that they had taken the life of the deceased. De-
clarations of observers of the eveirt; tit the time are
not admissible as res gestae. That the jury took
with them Hi their retirement a statement of the
evidence taken down by defendant's counsel during
the trial is not an act of which the defendant can
Commissioners of Appeals:
A copy cf a power of attorney, properly authen-
ticated, is not admissible in evidence without show-
ing the loss of the original, or accounting for its
non-production. It is not necessary for a power of
attorney to descril>e the lands authorized to be con-
veyed with particularity; it will be sufficient if it
can be shown what was intended. It is error for
the judge, in his charge, to recite the evidence and
catt the attention of the jury to particular portions
of it, and teU the jury from such evidence thev
might presume a certain fact to exist: this would
be a charge upon tho weight of evidence. When
ene side introduces evidence, the other may use it
for every legitimate purpose.
Jackson County Clarion: The cow-hands of Mr.
Garner returned from the Nueces last. Friday, pass-
ing through Texana. They report the safe delivery
of the cattle at the pastures on the Nueces. There
were some 3500 beeves sold by Col. A. H. Pierce to
J. M. Mathis. Mr. J. W. Heard has branded, so
far. 800 calves this fall.
The following is extracted from the recently-
published official report of Messrs. Read and Pell,
the English commissioners who visited this country
a year ago: The producing and rearing of pure
bred cattle have had an immense influence upon the
agriculture of America. Notwithstanding the
mighty efforts made by single individuals to im
Why Single Out Senator mtxejr?
[To the News.}
Galveston. December 25, 1880.—Noticing fin yes-
terday's issue of your paper an extract from the
Washington correspondence of the Denison News,
which is calculated to impress those ignorant of
the facts with an erroneous idea against Hon. S. B.
Maxey. the man who luw, in his official capacity,
done his whole duty, I beg leave to say that, in
reference to the Star Route lobyists and the honora-
ble senator, the facts are these: It is only just and
proper, in order to do justice, to say that Mr.
Maxey"s actions in regard to 'the Star Route
were indorsed and supported by the denia-
cratic party hi Congress, and by the united Texas
delegation save one. Condemnation of him con-
demns all our congressmen save one, and yet they
have received the overwhelming indorsement of the
people. And why should lie be singled out as the
one for whose benefit the Star Route lobbyists will
spend money? Why should this poisoned arrow be
aimed Jat such an honest, just and noble bane-
factor? Has not Senator Maxey filled his position
honorably and beiu-ficially to this entire Empire
State? No just mind can "or will say to the con-
trary. At the present time and under the present
existing circumstances, can any oilier man do as
much good as he? Having the influence with tlie
members of Congress as he has. being the worker
that he is. possessed with the unbounded confidence
of each and every member of Congress, dem^
crat, republican or green backer, and the fact that
he has accomplished that which he has its his recom-
mendation, and snfficient evidence that no maCNr
what man may be sent to occupy his place, it would
require time and much experience to place him where
Maxey sow stands. It would be like removing a
tried and true piece of machinery to be replaced by
a new piece just at the time when the greatest aid
is needed and required of it. " Let well enough
alone " is a good principle, and the ofteaer observed
the better for Texas. No matter what may be tlie
influences brought to bear, our next legislators have
tiie interest of our great State at heart, and will
see the folly of removing a faithful, worthy and
true servant by replacing him with one of less ex-
perience and usefulness in the Senate. e. j. h.
Will cure Consumption, Coughs, Weak Lungs,
Bronchitis and 6ene*al DebiMty. Established
North American Review: The mission of the
democratic party is decentralization. Its duty is to
restore the government of the republic to the in-
telligent rule of the masses of the people. Domin-
ated labor must be taught its rights and its inter-
ests. Capital rnwC see its safety in the intelligence
and justice of individual rule, and not in the exer-
cise of arbitrary will. Honest performance of every
governmental contract now in existence, bat a
cftange of policy by which the debt shall be man
aged in the interest of the people and not of the
creditor: equal taxation on every form of proper-
ty; thorough inquiry into ewery form of revenue,
and its readjustment upon a basis jnst to every in-
terest and to aH the people; no monopolies; for-
feitures of tlie franchises of corporations and pun-
ishment of aggregated wealth or individuals for
coercion of employeaor the use of money in elec-
tions; our own carrying trad© made to be our own
preserve, and a divorce between Government and
banks, are thoughts which find piaoe. The cry of a
Solid Sooth is exhausted and impotent at last. It
has served its purpose. Divided counsels upon
questions of administration have kept the democ-
racy a mere-party of opposition and concealed the
*«ifent approaches of the enemy to strong govern-
ment. it wftl- contawe-to be a party in opporftion.
entrusted aad untried, until it defiantly asserts its
ancient theories and goes to the people for their
Take Warner's Setfe Kidney and Liver Cure.
IR£i£0N-~£tecember44, Joseph Benjamins feel
son, infant aoixrf Benjamsno andHEhca A. Ireison
aged three-years and^wo months.
NOLAi*' December 22, Michael C. Nolan, infant
•son of Michael C. and IsabeliC. Nolan, aged two
years aad one month.
Netfcee.—Ttoe Board-of Bedical Examiners for
the Twenty-sixth Judicial District, composed of
Xxalvesfeon County, wall meet for tho purpose of
>exanmaag.nppiicante. on the
4T» DAY OP JANUARY DKBXT,
tat the office of Dr. J. McSL Johnston, 819 Market
prove and expand live-stock farming, it may safely
be said that as a nation those people who live in
America did not seriously turn their attention to
the production of meat till about three years ago.
No doubt countless herds thronged the prairies
in a semi-wild state, and there were cat-
tle-kings in Texas and other Western
States possessing thousands of animals; but
they were, and stilt are, a poor class, not fitted to
fetch a fourth-rate price on the home market, and
at this moment, so far as England is concerned, she
has only to compete with a small but rapidly in-
creasing quantity of good animals. Two great
classes of cattle thronged and are increasing upon
tlie prairies—the Texans and the common scrub
cattle, called by Illinois feeders stockers. The
former are descended from the ohi importations
made by the Spaniards, and resemble somewhat
the Spanish cattle of to-day. It is not my province
to inquire why most. I venture to say
nine-tenths, of American cattle are of the
poorest description: be it my mission to
S^int out how rapidly these may be improved,
othing can equal the rapidity with which the
Americans, once having seized upon an idea, carry
it into effect. A steady influx of well-bred animals,
lias flowed in from the mother country. There are
now many tbousans of pedigreed cattle in the
American Continent, and everv State on the Union,
as well as every province in Cimada, is well repre-
71 a sonic Notice—'There will be a caHed corn
munication of Harmony Lodge No. 6, for Work,
MONDAY EVENING, at 7:30; Decembers?. Mem
bers of Tucker Lodge No. 295", and sojourning
brethren, are respectAilly invited.
J. LEE BURTON, W. M.
Notice—National Bank of Texas, Gal-
veston, December 13, 1880.— At areguktr meeting of
tho Directors of this Bank, it was
Resolved, That a semi-annual dividend of FOUR
PERCENT, upouthecapftalstoek be declared, pay
able on aad alter January 3, *S8, and that one
per-cent, -be carriedto>the£arpiua Fund.
ROfiT. J. JOHN,
Notice to- Stockholder!* of the Gnlim n
ton Oil Company—The annual election for five
Directors of thts company to serve during the
ensuing-year, witt be held at the oSSce of Messrs.
Ball, Hatchings &Ox, in this city, on the
SECOND MOSUMKthe lOt&HN JANAURY, 1881,
between, the hoursof 12 m. and 8 p.m.
A. M. YOUNG, Secretary.
W. D. KE3ABY, tt. D., President.
MacKenzib, Johnston, M. D., Secretary.
Galveston. Texas, December & 1880.
Notice is hereby given that tlie an'
mial meeting of the Directors and of the Stockhold-
ersof the- Galveston, Houston and Henderson Rail-
road-Company of 1871 will -be held, at the office of
said company, in the city of Galveston, on
TUESDAY, THE 25TH DAY OF JANUARY, 1881.
The Directors will meet at 1 o'clock p. m. "*
TW Stockholders wiH meet at So'cloefep. m., for
theeiection of Directors for the ensuing year, and
the transaction erf such other ^ business as may oome
before them CHAS. G. CUFFORiVSecrefiary.
Galveston, December 20, *880.
Auction Monday, 10 A. M:
THIS DAY, GLASSWARE,
CHINA, CKOCKJKY, MiKSS GOODS, WO-
TIOWS. Fhie goods suitable for Holidays. Re-
member our Private Sale department up stairs
DRY GOODS, GLASSWARE. ETC.
Our store-win be open at Bights in all depart-
SYDNOR & D1NKELAKBR.
COHTINGdlTMfi THLSDAX at lO A. M.
Messrs. TOBIAS, LYNES SONS,
1 IVaiden Lane and 17 Grand Union
XXo'tei, Saratoga^ N. Y.
Private Sale During tlie Day
Diamonds, Watehc*, Jewelry, Etc,
Park, Lynch & Co.,
A net1 oncers.
AT THEIR SALES-ROOM, STRAND.
SIX YEARS' CREDIT!
ATTRACTIVE SALE OF
Tbe Property of tlie
GAL™ REAL ESTATE & LOAN (MY
To be held at the Auction Mart of
SYDNOR. & DINKELAKER,
Xreinont St., GaVvrMton, January 10,
1881, Commencing; ot 10
O'clock A. M.
Lot No. 8—Block No. 683. and a fine two-story
Brick Building on the same, situated on Avenue A,
between Tremont and Twenty-fourth streets, jru»i
opposite the Union Depot.
Lot No. 4—Block So. 134. and neat Cottage
House, out-buikhngs, cistern, etc . situated on East
Broadway, between 14th and lftth streets. Desir-
able location, and nice huose for small family.
Lot No. 14—Block No 131, and St*jre and
Dwelling Houses, situated on corner Avenue K and
lJth street. Well situated for business.
Kast or.e-fcalf of *r*rthwest quarter of N. E. block
of Out-lot No. and fine two-story Dwelling House,
out-buildings. «steru. modern conveniences and
fine shr*»bberyt situated on Avesme PV^. between
Tremont and 24th stre»-ts«. anctadioinMjg tbe resi-
dence of C. M. Pearwe, Esq. This is desirable
48fexr#0 feet out of Out-lot- No. 113, and large
cottage, built with allmodem conveniences (known
as the GiJinoretPiace), 33d street, between Q and R.
The north half of N. W. quarter of Out-lbtNo. Itiii,
being seven lots of ground.
"Hie west one-has of N. W. quarter of Out-tet No.
111. being aeveisfotsof ground.
Also, $5£0 Stock of Galventou City
Company, ndd property to be koM on
the tollowing ternu: All cash, or 10 percent,
of amount of purchase in cash, and the balance rn
monthly, quarterly, semi-annual ot animal pay-
ments; time not to exceed six years, with 8 per
cent, interest peraamim.
It will be seen that persons tiesirous of acquir-
ing Homesteads^an do so by the monthly plan of
payment, said payments scarcely exceeding
amounts genemtty paid for r-ent. NOW IS THE
TIME TO BUY.
Plots of the premises will be exhibited :it
SYDNOR & DINKELAKERS AUCTION MART.
Persons desaing to purchase woufci do well to ex-
amine in person tho*property ttefcween now and the
time of sale. Titles gaaranteedfcby the Oomnaar.
Title papers at expense of the Com-
Neuralgia, Sciatica, Lumbago,
Backache, Soreness of the Chest, Gout,
Quinsy, Sore Throat, Swellings and
Sprains, Bens and Scalds.
General BodHy Pains,
Tooth, Ear and Headache, Frosted Feet
and Ears, and all other Pains
No Preparation on earth equals St. Jacobs Otl aa
_ every < _
ean have cheap aad positive proof of its claim*
Directions in Seven Laagwpt
BOLD BY ALL DRUGGISTS AHD DEALERS IS
A.VOGELER & CO.,
BMmarx. JU, V. 8. A
C. Q. Waixs, Pres't.
\Vm. Qabuck, Cashier.
Transacts a Savings auA General Bank-
(MLECUWS UHHC BHCIil miSTIfl!
EXARKABLfi CUBE »F AX IN-
flamed Tearduct, or Passage to the Eye, with-
out au Operatiou.—Mrs. Gibson, who has a large
and extensive confectionery and eandy store at No.
35 East 42d street, near the Grand Central Depot*,
was about to have-a silver tube inserted in tbe tear
passage of her left eye. The enlargement and in-
flammation wasrvery great. Before suJ*nftting to
the operation ahe tried Dr. GILES'S LIXIMENT-
ruhbed.it carefully ova- the inflamed duet. TJwr
inAammatkai disippoMtd, the passage became
clear, and she waa, through ita power, able to do
without a-8«rgrcai operation. Also, took the lini-
ment internally, a teaspooufei three times a day,
in a wine gtas»-of water. GILESES PIMS cuvw
ANT—A test! No rnq>osition.
L<xik here. The great indr peadeot bnsmens and
.medical clairvoyant is Madame De Lay. Shi* has
-heeu tested by some of the great nobflity of Europe
and America; tells you the name of the one you
maury, aad those of her visitors, also deceased
friends in full; has the Fren<-h secret for such loves
and speedy marriages. She succeeds when ah
others ffaiL Call at Centre Street House, comer
Centre and Church streets (opposite Cathedral ).
HocuafromSa. m. till 10 pm Consnttouan $1.
SANBOBN & WARNER,
Manufacturer's Sole Agents for th« State of Texan fop
Inquire for the Glidden Wire, the oniy ail-Steel, Genuinely Galvanized Barb Wire made. Its bales are
live times greater than those of all other Wires combined. Our present prices are exceedingly low. Cor-
respondence solicited. SANBORN Jk WARNER. Houston. Texas.
YOU CAN <iET A PAIR OF SPECTACLES
That will Keep Your Eyea In a* Good Condition for Ever after as wheu you
First Use Tliem.
ORESCENT CITY SPECTACLE MANUFACTORY. AND MANUFACTURER OF THE MEDICATED
GLASSES, of 74 St. Charter, haa opt-ned a Branch Store at 117 Market Mreel, under the
management of DR. M. HART, Oculist-Optician, for the sale of the MEDICATED GLASSKS-
i-1*" Send Stamp for Circular. 71, HART.
SKEB POTATOES, OMON SCiTS ASII5
BirrO.V.H. Crop of 1 SSO. Fur >mi«
A. FLAKE & CO
OM» WtOW TOM HfcrtF.lt, at Richmond,
" jbtbay mare, w«h white specks, blaze
hind net white, about fifteen bands high,
the tip of left ear gotcherf, about foot-teen years
-oid aad no brand, A good wording and gentle an»-
ei, heavy with fool and-auc^ling a colt.
f wfll gsre$50fcn»tho mnooad thief, or $25 for
Havino dispensed with the
services of Mr. F. W. Bartlett, I will be obliged
to close my Photograph GaHery for a few days. I
will mahe good any promise® made by 3fr. Bairtlett.
to a few days 1 wilkreopen the gallery with a First-
N. S. SABELL,
Manager-for Mrs. IB. E. Fallais.
dhpa iirjchwt of i
INSURANCE. STATISTICS AND HISTORY, -
Ausrnr. Texas, December 13, 1880, \
mO ALL WHOM CT MAY CONCERN:
1 This is to certify that the FERE INSURANCE
ASSOCIATION <Insuraoce Company) OF l>Ht-
DQN has in a El respects fully complied with
the Iowa of Texas as conditions precedent to its
doing business in this State, aad that the said Com-
pany holds a certificate of authority from this office
entitling it to do business in this State for three
months from the let day of October, 1880, to»the3tst
day of December, 1880.
, — j Given under my hand and seal, at office
•li,. s. >in Austin, the day and date first above
' —v—5 written.
V. O. KING, Commiesionev*.
bur, m k Kiisi,
GENERAL AttBRTS FOR TEXAS,
Oommtasiou dw Rectnniationa Fraaeo-
A mericain es.
AVIS AUX FRANCAIS QUI ONT DES RECLA-
mations a faire vatofr pi*% prejudices epcouves
pendant la guerre de Secession aax Etass-Uu«.
La Commission constitute coafovmeiueot aux
termes de la Convention do 15 Janvier 1**#) se re-
mira officae&emeut a Washington, le 22 Decern*#re
de eette annee. Cest a oette date que commencera
le delai de ax mum, accorde aux redamants par
I' Article VHI de la Couwatkm pour preseater leurs
Les interesses sont pries, en consequence, d'en
voyea sa«is duiai au soussigue, a Washington, 1518
H jrtreet, lours requetes aveeieapieces justificative*
a l'appiti. Un esempkure chi reglement, adopt* i*ar
les Commissaires e* contenaat teus les details de la
procedure a snivre, sera adresee aux pei-sonnes qui
ea ferunt la demattde au soussigne. A. LAXEN,
Agent chi Gotwernemesnt de fa Repubffque fran-
chise, 1&4S 11 Steed, Washington.
11 Decemhee 1880.
Another chajk b. — 50,090 acres
CAPITOL LANDS FOR SALE.—The Baard
having rejected all bids offered December 10. 1880,
for the purcliase of the above lauds, considering
said bkte. hj tbe selection of certain legues. a» jxre-
jodiciai to the Public domain, sealed proposals will
be received until tz m., February 1. lt>30, for the
purchase of Fifty Thousand acres of hind reserved,
located aod surveyed for the purpose of pay iug for
the construction of new public buildings for the
«tate of T«xas, under an act of tho Legislature
approved February xJO, 1879. These lands comprise
Three Million anil Fifty Thousand acres of line
farming and grazing land, situated in the follow-
ing counties, viz: Daliam. Hartley, Oldham, Deaf
Smith, Parmer, Castro, Bailey, Lamb, Cochran
aud Hockley, the section known as the Panhandle-
~of Texas, ami have been selected and surveyed
uoder the direction of CoL N. L. Norton, Commis-
.sfcjucr of tlie State, into league tracts. Maps and
plats of said survey can be seen at tlie Oeuvral
Land <jffice, in Austin. These Fifty Thousand acres
are offered for «iie to pay the excuses of the loca-
tion arJ survey of the whole reservation, ami bid-
ders wast [specify the boundaries of the Fifty
Thousand acres upon which they l>id. which must
be selected from the whole in one coutinuous com-
1>act body as near as possible, and at a price not
ess than Fifty Cents per acre, in cash. Proposals
must be addressed to W. C. Walsh, Commissioner
of the General Laud Office, Austin. Texas, and in-
dorsed, "Bids for tbe Purehas*- t-f Fifty Thousand
Acres of Capitol Lands:" must lie accompanied
with t he written guaranty of at least two responsi-
ble parties, that in case the bidder is awarded the
laud at his bid. he will comply with the terms
thereof and pay the price bid within twenty days
after the award by the Capitol Land Board" The
Board reserves the right to reject any and all bids,
and to make the award to tliat bidder selecting
lands, the sale of which may be deemed most ad-
vantageous to she State. W. C. WALSH.
Commissioner and Secretary Board.
sen ted. Within the last few years Englishmen have
had to bring back, at enormous prices, some of the
descendants of these high-bred animals.
Canse and Effect.
The main canse of nervousness is indigestion,
and that is caused by weakness of the stom-
ach. No one can have sound nerves and good
health without using Hop Bitters to strengthen
the stomach, purify the blood, and keep the
liver and kidneys active, to carry off au the
poisonous and waste matter of the system.
See other column. [Advance.
(SECOND SERIES) BY
WILLIAM H. PILCHER,
NO. 8—TOTAL NUMBER 167.
MOM mm, «MR 27, 1880.
Recital Commences at 8 O'clock.
Soprano. Miss Sadie Cole. Alto, Miss Maggie
Hub bell and Messrs. J. P. Boone and J. P. Cole.
TKKETS SO CENTS.
FOR SALE AT QOGGAN S MUSiC-HOUSE.
150 Chests Green and Black TEAS.
250 Barrels Cut-loaf, Crushed aad Granulated
140 Boxes Cream and Western CHEESE.
100 Packages Swiss, Eidam and Limberger
300 Packages Choicest Creamery and Western BUT-
200 Packages Schumacher's OAT MEAT., Cracked
WHEAT aad BARLEY.
150 Packages Canned CRABS, ham SAUSAGE and
100 Ctees Crystalized ROCK and RYE.
100 Cases Dessicated COCOANUT.
G. SEELIGSON & CO.,
N. B.—We have again received a stock of Royal
Pack Tobacco, and have mruif such arrangements
as will enable us to keep our trade supplied with
this Justly celebrated brand.
\TOT!CE IS IIKRF.SY GIVEN TO
i_^i ;dl parties coucerned that the GULF. COLO-
RADO AND SANTA FF. RAILROAD COMPANY
will apply to tlie next Legislature to amend Section
8 ai<d Section W of its Charter, so as to read as fol-
Section 8.—That the said Company, when duly
organized, shall be aud is hereby invested witb the
right of toeatiug, constructing, running, operating
aad mamtatning a railway ami telegraph line, com-
laeocing at the City of Galveston, thence north-
westerly through the the counties ot Galveston,
Braz/jria, Fort Bend and Ausiiu, to Bellvflte, iu
Austin county % thence to Brenham. in Washington
county: thence to Caldwell, hi Burleson county:
thence to the town of Cameron, in Miksm county:
thence to the town of lief tori, in Bell trounty. and
sliail maintain a depot at each of said towns; thence
in a northwesterly direction, through tlie counties
of Bell. CoryeH. Lampasas, Brown. Coleman aud
Taylor, intersecting tbe Texas and Pacific liailway
iii said county of Taylor; theace in a north westerly
directiou over the inos-t practical route to the Cana-
dian rrver. at some point on said river, between the
eastern boundary of the Panhandle and the one
hundred aad second tfOS) degree west longitude;
thence to Santa Fe. making a connection with
the Denver aitd Rio Urande Railway, together with
such tracks, turnouts, branches, sidings and exten-
sions as sirtd company may deem to their interest
to construct, with authority to construct, own.
Mpup and mamcain a branch of sari railway, to be
called the " Northern Branch " thereof, commenc-
ing at Temple, a station oa taki railway hi Beli coun-
ty, about eighttS) mile* in an eastern direction from
Beiton. thence, through the counties of Bell. Me
ait three t-ift n
Johnson and Tarrant, to a
r (8* miles iu a northwardly dir»*c-
lio* fvonrthe city of Fort Worth. Aud when said
railway, or any branch tlteeeof, shall pass withm a
distance of three (3) miles of any county seat, it
shah pass through the same, and establish ami
maintain a depot therein, unless prevented by natu-
ral obstacles, such as streams, littls or mountains,
provided such town, or its citizens, shall grant the
right of way through its Hinits and swfficieutground
for ordinary depot purposes.
Section 17. That the organization of this company
<4iall be perfected within six (6) months from the
date of the passage of this act. and eighty (80)
miles of their 9aid railroad shall be completed by
the first day of March, 1880, and the said company
shall construct at least sixty (W) miles in the aggre-
gate of railway every three years thereafter, or this
charter shall be forfeited as to those portions of its
main fine and branches not built.
Dated at Galveston, Texas, this4th day of Decem-
ber, 1880. GEO. SEALY, President.
F. P. Kiluwh, Secretary.
HE HALYISlflIIS COMPANY.
AU Orders or Complaints, to reeeive prompt at-
le left at tks Offloe of tbe Com-
tention, should be
pasy, m the Brtek Building on
Market Street, Between 24th and 25th
112 o'clock a, n.
THE WIDKLY EXTENDED POPULARITY OF OUR IMPLEMENTS Ac-
quired by unceasing eiTort during half a century to build up an extensive business apou the enduring
principles or fair dealing with customers—in giving them the best models that experience and ingenuity
could design, combined with strictly first-class materials and the most skilled labor—has caused unscru-
pulous parties to tiood the country with
Fraudulent Imitations of Our Implements.
In order not only to protect our own hardly-earned reputation, but alsd the interest of our patrons—
both farmer and merchant—we have already brought suit against some of the makers of these spurious
implements, and the purpose of this notice is to
GIVE FUR WARNING TO MERCHANTS AND FARMERS,
Many of whom are comparatively innocent of ill intent, but both of which classes are equally
responsible with the maker before the law.
That we will hold all Merchants and Others, who Han-
dle or Use Hles^l Imitations of Our Goods, to a
Strict Accountability in the Courts.
This applies-not only Co Plows, hot to parts of Plows, etc. These dishonest schemes to do business upon
the fairly earned reputation of anather. involving bare-faced transgressions of patent, copyright and
trade-mark law, become so flagrant that we have determined to avail ourseiseaof all redress nop-
Manfacturer, Merchant or Farmer,
who infringes our sights by making, selling or using these frauds. Respectfully,
Leuisville. Kjr., October 1, 1880.
B. F. AVERY & SONS.
JOHN W. WICKS,
Oxity Diily Authorized Agent tor tlie sale of tlie above
Plows aad the celebrated OLD HICK0RY WAGONS,
m&iraCartured by H. F. AVERT * SONS.
GALVESTON 1JS HEADQUAKTER8
J. 8. BKOWN & CO.
Are th« AgentR to Write to for Low EHtimale*.
M S Z
THE GREAT APPETIZER AND SURE CURE
For COUGHS, COLDS, BRONCHITIS, ASTHMA, fOJiSDHPTtOS, ud all
IKwa»e« oT tbe THROAT and bCNCiS.
In this new combination we have blended together by distillation (which can not be effectually done
in any other way) the Balsam Toiu, Bock Candy, pure ohi Bye Whi«ky, and a valuable tojttc. which
preserves aH the virtues of the ingredients, yielding valuable esxpectoract qualities and giving the article
a 0ae iiavor and an agreeable ta.<te. Balsam Toiu has long been used by tbe nodical profession for its
soothing, healing and nourishing properties, iu aMayuig any irritation of the throat, cliest and lungs.
ate and toning up the system gt*n-
* * " r recommends its
beverage for all.
SOLE AGENTS FOB TEXAS:
P. J. WILLIS & BRO,
Who will supply tlie Trade at manufacturers' Prices.
ii w i « i tm' iwi'i i i i w<am
MANUFACTURERS AND DEALERS IN
Tinware and Tinners' Stock Generally
SALESROOM, 60, 6S AM) TO TREMONT STREET,
FOUNDRY, LOUISVILLE, KY.
Curtis & Co.
811 to 819 North Second Street, St. Louis, fcio.
Batman the Hour. of 8
Manufacturers of every description of Circular, MilU and I'ron-Ciit Sawt; Wfcoiee»tle Dealers ia
Rirbbcr aad L«aihcr Brltinxr« Kile*. 3i«Hdrt Is, Cant nooks, Saw (inmmerts 1'pseca. and
aJl Saw and Planing Mill S»»i»plies; Sol® Manufacturers ot l,ockvv«t4*d*H Pal eat Slotted
Circular Saw. ETBKY HAW WABKANTEI). F7*Careltd attention to repair work. Ageuts for
TASNSITE EMERY WHEELS
Our New Illustrated Catalogue iuaile<l IVee ou application.
M. C. McLEMO R E,
Office over H. Marwrtz, cor. Mechanic and £2d Sts.
BalLiuger, Jack & Mott,
No. 125 Postoffice Street,
IS. iv. iuiiiei',
No. 62 Haln Street, Houston, Texas.
Practises in Stale Courts at Ha us ton. 8npreme.
Anpellate and Fcdwal Oaorts at Oniv#»*ton.
J. W. CART WRIGHT,
PALESTINE TEX A?
Collections promottv att*nd«"d to.
Member of tbe Irish Law List. Reliable corre-
gpoadence witb ail parts of Europe.
LUTHER W. CLARK,
Practices in the courts of Brazos and adjoming
counties, aad in tbe Hgber coarts of tbe State.
JAMES 91. RICHARDS—
ATTORNEY AT LAW, Weatberford. Tsx..
Will practice In Parker and adjoining counties, and
give prompt, personal attention to payment of
taxes and collection of claims.
Extract from Report of tbe Commissioner of Internal Revenne:
tkmasuuy d2paktmewt, ofytct. of bitbbmal kcv&nce, 1
W*BBii«6«m, D, C. January W80. f
Messrs. LAWRENCE & MARTIN, 111 Madison-St., Chicago, IU.:
Gentlemen: This compound, in tlie opinion of this office, would have a auflkaeat quantity of the
BALSAM of TOLU to g4ve k aH tbe advantages ascribed to tliis article in pectoral complaints, while the
whisky and tbe sirup constitute an emulsion rendering it an agreeable rwiwdy to the patieot. Compound-
ed according to the formula, it may properly he clashed as a medicinal preparation under the provisions
of U. S. Revised Statutes, and when so stamped.may be sold by Druggists, Apothecaries and other
persons without remierino them liable to pat spkclal tax as uouoa dealers.
Yours respectfully. (Signed) GREEN II. KAUM, Commissioner.
\ TT r 1"! IT XT 1K>N'T BE DECEIVED by unprincipled dealers who try to
V_V -XTjL. jL. _1_V • ""palm off upon you common R«»ck and Rye in place of our
TOLU ROCK and RYE. as ours is the only MEDICATED preparation. The GENUINE has t-he name of
LAWRENCE & MARTIN ou tlie Govurnment Revenue Stamp on each bottle.
Pnt up in QUART m/u Bottle* lor funeral aud Family Use.
Sold bv Druggists. Grocors and general dealers evervw here.
LAWRENCE & MARTIN, ISSBSSr-&c¥r
BABCLAY SREEt, NEW YORK.
.A. R Tt IYED :
Per TA I LEE,
FULL ASSORTMENT of ALL GRADES
Samples open at our office.
KAUFTMAN & R1NGE.
GRAPE M PLANTS H SALE.
1 fc> Ann PLANTS RAISED ATMY
X O vineyard, at Refugio. They are
strong, one year old. extra well rooted, "select
piants. of the Herbemont variety—a variety long
tested and the tiest suited for Western Texas; pro-
nounced by our most eminent gra|>e-growers as
our best table and wine grape. Price moderate.
CUTTINGS OF CALIFORNIA'S FAMOUS LEAD-
ING RAISIN GRAPE VINES, the Muscatel Gordo
Blanco and Seedless Sultana at 3c. each by the
hundred, by mail, postage paid. Address
Pfcor. J. Y. HAMILTON,
Sharpsburg. San Patricio county, Texas.
Chas. Heidenheimer & Go A
Corner Strand aud 20th Sts.
"IV have in Warehouse:
iO.OOO SACKS LIVERPOOL SALT.
Which we offer Beknc Market Quotation,
Also, now landing:
150 casks Tenneni's Ale.
100 cank* Tenneni's Stout.
150 casks Bass Oo.'s Ale.
100 casks Quinnest Stout.
250 hogsheads Louisiana Sugar.
H00 barrels Lowxiana Molasses.
1 carload dunce Apple*.
1 carload choice Onions.
500 barrels Northern and Western Poiaitet.
SODA WATER 9 Ginger Ale!^*
Sparkling Wines and all Carbonated Beverages.
Apparatus for !13akiuc, Routing and
Complete Outfits. Material and Supplies. Estab-
lished 4i» years. Illustrated and Priced Catalogue
seat to any address on application. Send vour orders
direct to JOHN IQATTDEWS,
First Avesse, 26tli dc 27th st*., N. Y.
Per Schooner Vineyard, from Boston:
1000 barrels choice Seed Potatoes.
Per Ship Lard Coiiinffwood,/rom Liverpool:
500 cases EngUsh Swiss Milk.
500 hampers Appoliruiris Water.
300 cases Ale and Stout.
500 cases Cruse Fils Freres Wines.
1 000 SACKS COFFEE,
Purchased during the recent panic prices in
New York. Buyers would do well to call upon
us before purchasing eseiohere.
A. R. ANDREWS, Lai* I GEO. WALSHX. Laf
of AMdriiw* ct of Folts db Walsh*.
CalvesUm. | Galveston.
Andrews <$• WaLshe,
101.103 and Tremont and 77 Mechanic Sts.
Gatceston, Texas, Dec. 1, 1SS0.
We beg ta invite the attention of the trade
to ottr IaARGK AND VARIED STOCK
of STAPLE and FANCY GROCERIES.
LIQUORS. WINES, TOBACCOS, CI-
GARS Etc., now *"■ *tor* arriving
daily, aS of which ham been purchased from
Jftnt Hands, teith adtanta^es not surpassed
by any house w the Uade. We fesl confident
thairnith. our kenje and complete assortment
of goods. Entirely Ntrn and Fresh, ar*
prepared to offer unequaled indHeemmis
the Interior Merchants, and tee confidently in-
vite an inspection of orvr Stoek and Prices,
uAic& are marked dotal to the Ijowest Margin.
With ample capital and faaHtiet, large and
ajmuuxBcms stores and warehouses, it is our
purpose to constantly carry a large and well-
assarted. Mock, of all goods pertaining to our
Hoe of bnetnua. which we guarantee in all
eases to be of the best quality, and of full
weights and mjsasure.
We will gioe our personal attention to th*
sdeetionand shijment of all goods ordered,
andtrustthat FAIR and LIBERAL DEAL-
I2PQ an oxer part will entitle us to a share
of your patronage.
riHULERGES ( OJIPAKISON - THE
Vj NEWS BINDERY challenges comparison of
work, both for quality of material aud elegance of
finish with any done elsewhere.
AND DEALERS IN
Liquors & Tobacco,
Have on hand and and! arriving daily
ONE OF THE
LARGEST IM EES! SELECTED
IN THE SOUTH,
to which they direct the attention of THE TRADE
PT Orders always filled at LOWEST CURRENT
W. L. MOODY. E. 8. Jemisoj*. C. M. Pbarre.
C. M. PEAIIRE & CO.
Have in stork one of the larg-
est and best selected stock in the South, to
which we are adding by every steamer fresh sup-
plies of seasenale goods. We invite special atten-
tion to our
one of tlie most wholesome aad refreshing breakfast
dishes offered to the trade.
H.MAKWITZ & CO.,
fBAONAT.L A IvOlTD. MKTALINE
; BUSHED BLOCKS and SHEAVES;
iflBimn TAB LEi'XARD £ ELLIS, "VALVO-
AGENTS FOR ; ^
| HENRY N. STONE, EPSON'S PAT-
[ ENT DIAPHRAGM FREE PUMP.
300 kegs HOLLAND HERRINGS;
150 kegs RUSSI AN SARDINES;
150 kegs AN<'HOVIS:
200 boxes DR1 ED H KRRWGS.
T/tose who shipped me the past sea
son v>ill testify that I have saved
them money a/id yitvtn general satis-
faction, both in dvssijication and
prices. Greater facilities this season
for storing and shipping fjottos*, mill
enable nee to serve iuy <-nstomers with
still better results. Your shipments
iniU have my be.it personal attention
and pronrpt returns.
The very rapid increase of my sales
for the past two yeans (doubling in
amount each year) is tJie best evidence
that this is really the foremost dis-
tributing market for Groceries in
Texas. S'fh a satisfactory remit, in
the face of the sharpest comjyetition,
from strong and influential rival
markets, is certainly a guarantee that
I am able to offer very positive ad-
WM. 0. CLEVELAND,
Cotton Factor and Wholesale Grocer,
liLLMAM; 1M & CO.,
We solicit conrigmaexta ot
COTTON, WOOL and. HIDES,
Orders for GROCERIES promptly filled.
Exchange on Europe at lowest market rates.
iLUIASN, LEWIS Jc CO*
liil , V
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 39, No. 239, Ed. 1 Sunday, December 26, 1880, newspaper, December 26, 1880; (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth464226/m1/2/: accessed February 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.