The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 54, No. 204, Ed. 1 Monday, October 14, 1895 Page: 6 of 8
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TEXANS IN THc ARMY.
Liit t)f Commands, with Names |
of Officers, that Served
WAR BETWEEN THE STATES.
The Compilation Includes All Branches of
the Service—The Work of Charies I,
Evans, Esq., of Dallas.
At the request of The News. Chas. I. Evans
Esvj.. ot Dallas. prepared rhe following list of
Texts command! in the confederate army. It
is herewith requested that readers of The
News knowing the names of field officers ->f
regiments, or commissioned offlcers of batter-
ies of artillery, who are omitted or incorrectly
given shall send the correct names to The
News, or to Ohas. 1. Evans, Dallas:
List of regiments and battalions of infantry
and cavalry and batteries of artillery in the
Confederate States army from Texas, 1SS1-K:
F.rst regiment heavy artillery-Joseph J.
Cook, colonel; John 11. Manly, lieutenant colo-
nel; Edward Von .Hawen. major.
First cavalry battalion—(Merged into thirty-
eecond cavalry) R. I'. Crump, major.
First cavalry battalion, Arliona brigade (also
called fourth battalion)—A. II. Davidson,
major. lieuenanit colonel: Michael Loosjjjui.
jAir^t Indian T*xa.> rogimcat-(S^e iw*nty-
feisjnd Texas cavalry). n.im*
Kir^L regiment parn^m rangers-—A. U.burn.,
major K. P. Crump, lieutenant cotoml; Wal-
ter P. Is&ne. colonel. _
Pint Texas rangers—(See eight Texas oa\-
* Virl (MeCuUcch'st mounted riflemen, or-
ganized for twelve months (reduced to
lon—elgll.h.)—Oamei H. Harry, major; liu.
Burleson, major; Thomas C. Fio?t, lieutenant
colonel; Hoary K. MoCuilocli. colonel.
First (Buchel'si cavalry regiment (formed
from Yager's third and Taylor s eighth hat-
alien)—Augustus LlUihel, colonel; Peter Har-
wnun, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Michael
Loose an, major; Edward Riordin* lieutenant,
colonei; Alex. W. Terrell, major.
First lancers—(Sw twenty-first cavalry regi-
First battalion sharpshooters—James* Burnet,
major; company A., B. D. Martin, captain;
company B., Bridge, captain; company C.,
Win Smith, captain; company 1).. J. M. Hurt,
captain; company E., Jesse Keykendall, cap-
First (Speight's) infantry bam lion (merged
dmto fifteen h regimewi)—Jam#* E. Harrison,
major; J. W. Sipeight, lieutenant colonel.
First infantry iv&im.'iK—Fred rick 8. Baas,
iuujcr. enani colonel, oolon.il; Harvey
Hanr..bal black, major, lieutenant colonel;
Albert G. ^lopi-cn. major, lieu tenant colonel;
Maa. Dale, major; Richard J. Harding, major,
lieutenant colonel; Hugh McLeod, major, lieu-
tenant colonel, colonel; Alexis T. Rainey, ma-
jor, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Louis T. Wig-
fall. lieutenant colonel, colonel; John R. Wood-
ward, major; Philip A. Work, lieutenant colo-
Second cavalry baittalion, Arizona brigade
(merged into second regiment)—George W.
Baylor, lieutenant colonel.
Second cavalry regiment, Arizona brigade-
George W. Baylor. <-;lonel; Sherod Hunter,
majtr; John W. Mullen, lieutenant colonel.
Second lancers—(.See twenty-fourth cavalry
Second Texas partisan rangers—1 sham Chis-
um, IJeutenant colonel, colonel: Crill Miller,
lieutenant colonel; B. Warren Stone, colonel;
James G. Vance, major.
Second cavalry regiment, or mounted rifles,
(organized for twelve months)—John K. Bay-
lor, lieutenant colonel; John Donelson, major;
J'ohn S. Ford, colonel; Mat, Nolan, major;
•Chas. L. Pyron, major, colonel; William A.
Spencer, major. Edward Waller, Jr., major;
James Walker, lieutenant colonel.
Second infantry battalion Martin, ma-
Second infantry regiment—Xavier Blanchard
Debray, major; George W. L. Fly, major;
Noblo L. MCGinfla, major, lieutenant oolonel;
John C. Moore, oolonel; William P. Rogers,
lieutenant colonel, colonel; Hal. G. Runnels,
major; Ashbel Smith, lieutenant colonel, colo-
nel; William C. Tihimins, major, lieutenant
Third artillery battalion—Joseph J. Cook,
major, lieutenant colonel; Augns-tin S. Labu-
Third cavalry battalion (merged into Buchel's
first cavairy—William O. Yager, major.
Third cavalry regiment (south Kansas-Texas
regiment)—J. J. A. Barker, major; Giles S.
Boggess, major, lieutenant colonel; George W.
Chilton, major; Robert II. Cumby, colonel;
Elkanah Greer, colonel; Waiter P. Lane, lieu-
sonant colonel; Hlnchie P. Mabry, lieutenant
colonel, colonel; Absolom B. Stone, major.
Third lancers—-(See twenty-fifth cavalry regi-
Third infantry battalion—J. E. Kirby, major.
Third Infantry regiment—Augustus Buchel,
lieutenant colonel; Edward F. Gray, major,
lieutenant oolonel; John H. Kampmann, ma-
jor; Philip N. Luckeilt. colonel.
Fifth regiment partisan rangers—Leonidaa
M. Martin, coloneil'; WUiiiam X. Mayraint,
major; William M. Weaver, colonel.
' 'Fifth ciav£|ry regtmenit—Thiomasl Green,
colonel; Samuel A. Lockridge, major; Henry
C. McNeill, lieuitenamt colonel, .colonel; Hugh
A. McPhaill, major; Denman W. Shannon,
major, lieutenant coionei.
Fifth (Hubba/rd's) infantry 'battalion (merged
into twenty-second regiment)—Richard Ben-
nett Hubbard, lieutenant colonel; Elias Ever-
ett Jjot't, major.
Fifth infantry regiment—James J. Archer,
colonel; Walter B. Bo.its, major, lteutetfcant
colonel; King Bryan, lieutenant colonel; Robert
M. Powell, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Paul
J. Quait'tlebaum, major; Jerome B. Robertson,
lieutenant colonel, colonel; Jefferson C. Rog-
ers, major; Joiut C. Upton, major, lieutenant
coionei; David M. Whaley, major.
Sixith cavalry bartitalion—'Robert S. Gould,
Sixth cavalry regiment-nJchn S. Griffith,
lieutenant colonel; Lawrence S. Ross, major,
oolonel; Peter F. Ross, major, lieutenant colo-
nel; B. Warren Stone, colonel; Robert M.
Whi'te, major; Jack Wharton, major, lieutenant
oolonel, oolonel; "Stephen B. Wilson, major.
Sixth (Liken's) battalion infantry (afterward
eleventh (Spaight's) battalion—James B. Li-
Sixth infantry regiment—Thomas Scott An-
dler»uxi', lieutenainK'n' col»anal; Rhoads Fiisher,
major; Robert R. Garland, oolonel; Alexander
iM. Haskell, majors,Alexander H. Philips, Jr.,
Seventh artillery battalion—Sidney T. Fon-
Seventh cavalry rftgiment^Vrthur P. Bagby,
major, colonel; P. T. Herbert, lieutenant, col-
onel; Gustave Hoffmann, major; Powhatan
Jordan, Major, lieutenant oolonel; William
Steel, colonel; S. J. Sutton, lieutenant colonel.
Seventh infantry battalion—Samuel Boyer
Seventh infantry regiment—Jeremiah M.
Ciough, lieutenant colonel; Hiram Brinson
Granbury, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel;
John Gregg, colonel; William Lewis [Moody,
major, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Kleber
Miller Van Zandt, major.
Eighth cavalry battalion (formerly first regi-
ment mounted riflemen, merged into Buchel's
flrtft cavalry)—Joseph Taylor, major.
Eighth cavalry regiment (first regiment Texas
rangers)—Samuel P. Christian, major, lieuten-
ant colonel; Gustav Cook, major, lieutenant
colonel, colonel; :Marcus Legrand Evans, major,
lieutenant oolonel; Stephen C. Ferrlll, major,
lieutenant colonel; William R. Jarmon, major;
Thomas Harrison, major, lieutenant colonel,
colonel; Thomas S. Lubbock, lieutenant col-
onel. colonel; Leander M. Rayburn, major; Ben
(Franklin Terry, colonel; John G. Walker, lieu-
tenant colonel; John A. Wharton, colonel.
Eighth Infantry battalion (merged into eighth
regiment)—A. M. Hobby, colonel: John Ireland,
major, lieutenant colonel; Daniel D. Shea, lieu-
tenant coionei; John A. Vernon, major.
N'lnth battalion partisan rangers—John L.
N'inth cavalry regiment—James C. Bates-,
major; Thomas G. Berry, lieutenant colonel; J.
2s'. Dodson, major, lieutenant oolonel; Dudley
William Jones, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Wil-
liam B. Sim*, colonel; Nathan B. Townes, ma-
Ninth CMaxey's infantry regiment—(Also
©ailed eighth)—William E. Bee^.n, lieutenant
colonel; Jajnee Burnet, major; Milcc A. I>;llard.
lieutenant colonel; William M. Harri^n. major;
|Bn.muel H. Maxey, colonel; Jam-s H. McKe\-
major; Wright A. Stanley, major, col-
Wi«l; William H. Young, coionei.
Miatii (Nicholfr't infantry r^gim^n? - .r..-o
BfU, six montli*' organization)—Josiah C. Maf-
•ie, Ileuienant oolonel; E. li. Nichols, coionei;
Sfrod Tate, major.
Tenth oavs-iry battalion (merged into fifth
W •tfecn rangore)—L»->tiidas M. Martin, major.
T«ith cavalry regiment—James yi. Barton,
colonel; Washington de La Fay-,te
Craig, major, Meutenam olonel; C. R. Kurp,
lieutenaiit colonel, colonel; Wiley B. Ector,
ibs^ct; Watt F. Locke, colonel; Hulum D. E.
Ttfitb lalaklry regiment—Samuel C. Braahntr.
. Seventh "ca^rjf legiment-Ilenry F. Bone,
liiaj >r: Joseph Bounds, lieutenant coi-
coloael; jjJra C. Hujk*. Lionel; James J.
5>£i«ond. iiculeiiant ^ iouel; Hobert
W. H vks. lfeulenattt ni ne!; Jobn N\. Ma>-
i«int. major; Otis M. M^ .'k. lieutenant col-
onel. • . vnel; Andrew J. Nich\>Kson. lieutenant
oiii-.,iel, John B. Furyear. major; Ge->rge K.
Kw • s. ,A>;on«df William f. Young. « 1 v»ol.
Eleventh tSpaigbt's) r ivalry and intantry bat-
talim lojnerlr sixth (Liken'si battalion—J.
S. Irvine. majtVr; Abhley W. Spaight. lieutenant
coionei. ^ • i i ir
EW^enth infantry regiment— Xatham-1 jsck-
Fun Caraway, major. V. J. C^upland. litutenant
coionei; Janice 11. Jon« s. lieutenant e »l »nei,
i Lnc'; Oran M. Roberts, colonel; Thomas it.
Rountreo, major. J .
Twelfth cavalry battalion (merged into
Brown's thirty-fifth ca\alry)—Reuben R. Brown,
lieutenant colonel; Samuel \\illiam Perkins,
Twelfth cavalry regiment—Andrew B.ll Bur-
leson, lieutenant coionei, Locklin Johnson rar-
rar. major; John W. Mullen, lieutenant col-
onel; William 11. Parsons, colonel; E. N\
Rogers, major. ,
Twelfth infantry regiment (also ealled eigntn)
—William Clark, major, .lieutenant coionei;
B?njamin A. Phiipot. Untenant colonel; James
W. Rainc, major, lieutenant colonel; Krastus
Smith, major; Overton Y.rung, colonel.
ThiKeen-th cavalry battalion-Hannibal Hon-
o»tus Boone, major, Ed Waller, Jr., lieutenant
Thirteenth cavalry regiment—Charles^
brose Beaty. major, lieutenant colonel; John n.
Burnett, i-olonei; Anderson F. .Crawford, lieu-
tenant colonel, colonel; Elias T. Scale, maj^r*-
Thirteenth infantry regiment-Jusepli nates,
colonel: Kt-uben R. Brown, lieutenant
Henry P. Cayee, lieutenant colonel; Rooert l..
Foard, major; Stephen S. Perry, major; Lee
C. Rountree, major.
Fourteenth cavalry battalion (merged into
thirty-third cavalry regiment)—James ourr-
major, lieutenant colonel; James R. Sweet,
major. _ .
Fourteenth regiment—John R. t amp. co1*
on el; Thompson Camp, major; Matthew Dun-
can Ector, colonel; Fleming 11. Garrison ma-
jor; Abaam Harris, lieutenant colonel; Middle-
ton Tate Johnson, colonel; Samuel F. Mains,
lieutenant colonel; Lent Purdy. major.
Fourteenth infantry regiment—William Byra,
lieutenant colonel; Edward Clark, colonel; Au-
gustus H. Ki>gers, major.
Fifteenth cavalry regiment—Wllliam II. Ca'.n-
ey, niaj r; William K. Mastttti, lieutenant col-
onel; George B. Pickett, major, lieutenant
colonel; Valerius P. Sanders, major, lieutenant
colonel; George H. Sweet, colonel.
Fifteenth infantry regiment formed from
Speight's Infantry battalion)—John W. Daniel,
major, lieutenant colonel; James E. Harrison,
lieutenant c:lonei, colonel; J. W. Speight, col-
Si.vtcenth cavalry regiment—William W. Dia-
mond, major, lieutenant colonel; William Fitz-
liugh. major, lieutenant colonel; Edward Pear*
sail Gregg, lieutenant colonel, colonel.
Sixt.vt n Infantry regiment (also called sev-
enth)—George Flournoy, coionei; William H.
Redwood, major, lieutenant colonel; Xenophon
B. Saunders, major; James E. Shepherd, lieu-
Seventeenth cavalry regiment—Sterling u.
Hendricks, lieutenant colonel; John iMcClarty,
major, lieutenant colonel; George F. iMoore,
colonel; Se'bron M. Xoble, major, lieutenant
; James R. Taylor,, colonel; Thou^a^ r-
Tucker, major, colonel. ^ '
Seventeenth infantry regiment—Robert
Thomas Pntchard Allen, colonel; Robert Dick-
inson Allen, major; George W. Jones, lieuten-
ant colonel, colonel; Joseph Zeoherlah Miller,
major, lieutenant colonel, colonel; John .
Eighteenth cavalry regiment—John r. coit,
lieutenant colonel; Nicholas H. Darnell, colo-
nel; Charles C. Morgan, major; 'William A.
Eighteenth infantry regiment—Thomas Reu-
ben Bonner, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel;
David B. Culberson, lieutenant colonel, colonel;
Matthew A. Gaston, major; Wilburn Henry
King, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Will-
iam B. Ochiltree, colonel; John R. Watson,
major, lieutenant colonel, colonel; Joseph G.
W. Wood, major, lieutenant colonel, colonel.
Nineteenth cavalry regiment—Nathaniel M.
Eurford, colonel; Joel T. Davis, major; Benja-
min W. Watson, lieutenant colonel. ;
Nineteenth infantry regiment—Augustus C.
Allen, major; William L. Crawford, major,
lieutenant colonel; Robert H. Graham, lieuten-
ant colonel; lEnnis Ward Taylor, major, lieu-
tenant colonel, colonel; Richard Waterhouse,
Twentieth infantry regiment—Leonard Ander-
son Vbercrombie, lieutenant colonel; Robert L.
Bell, major; 'Henry 'M. Elmore, colonel.
Twenty-first eavalrv regiment (lirst lasers)—
George Washington Carter, colonel; (Benjamin
D. Chenoweth. major; Felix C. McReynolds,
major; Da Witt -Clinton Giddings, lieutenant^
colonel; Robert •Neyland. lieutenant colonel.
Twenty-first infantry regiment (formed from
A W. Spaight's eleventh and Griffith's bat-
talions)—William II. Griffith, lieutenant colonel;
Felix C. McReynolde, major; 'Ashley A\.
Twenty-second cavalry regiment, (also called
first Indian Texas regiment)—John A. Buck,
major, lieutenant colonel; William II. John-
son, lieutenant colonel; Thomas Le welling,
lieutenant colonel; George l\V. iilerrick, major,
lieutenant colonel; James G. Stevens, major,
lieutenant colonel; llobert D. 'Stone, major,
lieutenant colonel; Robert H. Taylor, colonel.
Twenty-second -infantry regiment (formed
from Hubbard's tiftli battalion)—John JJb
Canon, major, lieutenant colonel; (Richard B.
Hubbard, coionei; Elias (Everett Lott, lieuten-
ant colonel; Benjamin F. l'arkes, major.
Twenty-t'liird cavalry regiiment—William di.
Caton, major; John A. Corley, major, lieuten-
ant colonel; Nicholas €. Gould, colonel; Isaac
A. Grant, lieutenant coionei.
Twenty-fourth cavalry regiment (second lan-
cers)—Robert Reeae 'N'eyland, lieutenant coionei;
Patrick H. Swearingen, major, lieutenant
colonel; William A. Taylor, major, colonel;
Francis Collett Wilkes, colonel.
Twenty-fifth'cavalry regiment (third lancers)
—Joseph NT. bark, major; Clayton Crawford
GiMespie, colonel; "William Madison Neyland,
lieutenant colonel; Edward Bradford (Pickett,
major; Francis J. Boggs, lieutenant colonel
Twenty-sixth cavalry regiment—Francis
Xavier Debray, 'colonel; (Millard 'Menard, major,
lieutenant colonel; John J. Myers, lieutenant
colonel, colonel; 'George W. Owens, major.
Twenty-seventh cavalry regiment (first Texas
legion)—John iH. Broocks, major, lieutenant
colonel; Edwin R. Hawkins, lieutenant colonel,
colonel; Cyrus K. llolnian. major; John T.
Whitfield, major, John W. Whitfield, colonel.
Twenty-ninth cavalry regiment—Joseph A.
Carroll,' major; Charles De Morse, colonel;
Otis G. Wels'h, lieutenant colonel.
Thirtieth cavalry regiment (also called first
Texas partisan rangers MX icholas William (Bat-
tle. lieutenant colonel; John 'H. Davenport,
major; lEdward Jeremiah Gurley. colonel.
Thirty-first cavalry regiment—George W.
Guess, lieutenant colonel: Relevant <X Hawpe,
colonel; Frederick J. Malone, unajor, colonel;
William W. Peak, major.
Thirty-second cavalry regiment (also called
fifteenth)—Julius A. Andrews, colonel; William
E. Estes, major; James A. Weaver, lieutenant
colonel. ,, j ,
Thirty-third cavalry regiment (formed from
fourteenth cavalry battalion)—Santos Bena-
vides', major; John T. Bracklnridge, major;
James Duff, colonel; James R. Sweet, lieuten-
ant colonel. / , „ .
Thirty-fourth cavalry regiment (also called
second Texas partisans)—Almerine M. Alexan-
der, colonel; William M. Bush, major, lieuten-
ant, colonel; John H. Caudle, lieutenant colonel,
colonel; W. M. Davenport, major; John R.
Russell, major, lieutenant colonel; Sevier Tack-
ett, major; George H. Wooten, lieutenant
colonel. , . .
Thirty-fifth (Brown's) cavalry regiment
(formed from twelfth battalion)—Reuben R.
(Brown, colonel; iSamuel William Perkins, lieu-
tenant colonel; Lee C. Rountree. major.
Thirty-fifth (Liken's) cavalry regiment (formed
from Liken's and Burns* cavalry battalions)—
James Randolph Hums, lieutenant colonel;
James B. Likens, colonel; William A. Wortham,
imajor. . , . . .
Thirty-sixth (Woods') cavalry regiment (also
called thirty-second regiment)—Nat Benton,
lieutenant colonel: Stokely (M. Holmes, major;
William O. Hutchison, major, lieutenant
coionei; Peter C. Woods, colonel.
■Anderson's cavalry regiment (formed from
Border's and iFulcrod's cavalry Dattallons)—
Thomas Scott Anderson, colonel; John P. Bor-
der lieutenant colonel; Jules A. Handle, major.
Bat-s' infantrv 'battalion (merged into thir-
teenth Infantry regiment)-Joseph Bates, lieu-
tenant colonel; Henry P. Cayce, major.
Border's cavalry battalion (merged into An-
derson's cavalry regiment)—John P. Border,
Border's cavalry regiment—John P. Border,
colonel; Daniel Egbert, major; Philip Fulcrod,
Bourland's cavalry regiment (.border regi-
ment)—James Bourland, colonel; John R. Dia-
mond. lieutenant colonel; "Charles 'L. Roff,
major. . y.
Bradford's cavalry regiment-Charles M.
Bradford, colonel: Thomas R. Hoxey, major;
Walt< r L. Mann, lieutenant colonel.
I Burns' - avalrv regiment (merged into Liken's
j thirty-fifth cavalry)—James R. Burns, lieutenant
Daly's cavalry batialion—Andrew Daly, lleu-
I tenant ".ion 1, Samuel G. Rags-dale, major.
Debray's battalion Texas cavalry (merged into
! twenty-sixth <r airy)—Samuel Boyer Davis,
! maj r; X. B. Debray, lieutenant colonel, John
J. Myers, major.
Fulcrod's cadets, battalion cavalry (merged
I into Anderson's cavalry regiment)—'Philip Ful-
crod. lieutenant colonel.
Gan i's infantry battalion (merged into seventh
Kentucky cavalry September, 1862,)—Richard iM.
Gano, lieutenant colonel.
Griffin's infantry battalion (merged into A. W.
1 Snaifflu'a twenty-first infantry regimeat)—•Wil-
liam II. Griffin, major, lieutenant
A. Hamnvr. major. w » a
Hardeman's cavalry battalion Arizona brigade
(merged into first regiment Arizona brigade)—
Peter Hardeman, lieutenant colonel.
Herbert's battalion Arizona brlgade-Geo. At.
Frazor. major P T Herbert, lieutenant colonel.
Morgan's cavalry battalion-C. L. Morgan.
'"M inn's cavalry regiment—Walter 1.. Mann,
colonel; J hn E. Oliver, major, William F.
Upton, lieutenant, colonel.
Mullen's cavalry battalion Arizona brigade
(merged into second regiment)—John W. Mullen,
lieutenant colonel. _
Rags-dale s cavalry battalion—Siniuel G. Rags-
dale. major. .
Saufley's routing battalion—W. 1. aauney,
1 errcll's cavalry battalion (merged into Ter-
rell's cavalry regiment)—Alexander W. Terrell,
Terrell's cavalry regiment (also called thirty-
fourth)—Hiram S. Morgan, major; Geo. W.
Owens, major; John C. Robertson, lieutenant
colonel; Alexander W. Terrell, colonel.
Terry's cavalry regiment—D. S. Terry, colonel;
S. 11. Brooks, lieutenant colonel; J. M. Evans,
Wells* cavalry battalion (merged into Wells'
cavalry regiment)—John W. Wells, lieutenant
Waul's legion—E. S. Boiling, major; Allen
Cameron, major; Otto Nathu.sius. major; 11. S.
Parker, major cavalry battalion; John R. Smith,
major cavalry battalion; Oliver Steele, major,
lieutenant colonel; Bernard Timm'.ns. lieutenant
colonel, colonel; Thomas N. Waul, colonel;
Leonidas Willis, major, lieutenant colonel, cav-
alry battalion; Benjamin F. Weeks, major, cav-
alry battalion; James Wrigley, lieutenant
Wells' cavalry regiment (also called thirty-
fourth regiment)—L. F. Glllett, major; Chaplin
Good, lieutenant colonel; John W. Wells, lieu-
Whitfield's battalion—(See fourth battalion
Whitrtelds (first Texas) legion—(See twenty-
seventh Texas cavalry.
Good-Douglas battery—J. J. Good, captain;
J. P. Douglas, first lieutenant, captain; Alf
Davis, second lieutenant; J. N. Boren. third
lieutenant; W. Harris, fourth lieutenant.
Christmas' battery (consolidated with Jones'
battery)—H. 11. Christmas, captain; Walter W.
Blow, first lieutenant. Chas. I. Evans, second
lieutenant; C. B. Girdiner, second lieutenant.
Jones' battery—0. G. Jones, captain; C. H.
Williams, first lieutenant; Chas. I. Evans, first
lieutenant; S. Gregory, second lieutenant; J. M.
Smith, second lieutenant.
Greer's rocket battery—John S. Greer, cap-
Dege's battery—A. E. Dege, captain.
"Dashiell's battery—George R. Dashiell, cap-
Edgar's battery—William Edgar, captain; John
B. Grumbas. first lieutenant; J. M. Ransom,
first lieutenant; N. R. Gomey. second lieuten-
ant; 11. Hall, second lieutenant.
Teel's battery—'Trevanion T. Teel, captain.
Yal Verde buttery—Jofceph D. Sayers, captain;
T. D. Nettles, captain.
Pratt's battery—J. H. Pratt, captain; H. C.
Hynson. lieutenant, captain.
Howell's battery—Sylvanus Howell, captain.
Creuzbar's battery—E. Creuzbar, captain.
Fox's battery light artillery—P. Fox, captain.
Lee's battery—Roswell P. Lee, captain.
Gonzales' Texas battery—'Henry Angel, lieu-
tenant; Thomas Gonzales, captain.
•Neal's batitery—(B. F. Neal, captain.
Daniels' battery-JS. iM. Hamilton, lieutenant;
James 11. Daniels, captain.
Wilson's battery Wilson, captain.
Gibson's battery—William E. Gibson, captain.
Krumbhaar's battery—W. Butler Krumbhaar,
Nichols' battery—William H. Nichols, cap-
tain; Charles B. Gardiner, lieutenant; Antonio
Shea's Battery—Daniel D. Shea, captain.
Hughes' ibattery-—Robert J. Hughes, captain.
Moseley's battery—William G. Moseley, cap-
llaldeman's battery—Horace Haldeman, cap-
•McMahan's battery—M. V. McMahan, cap-
Ilynson's battery (formerly Pratt's)—H. C.
Willke's battery—H. WUlke, captain.
Stafford's battery—W. M. Stafford, captain.
Welhausen's batteiry—Charles Welhausen, cap-
Maclln's battery—Sackfield Maelin, captain.
A bat's battery light artillery—Abat, cap-
Warmion's battery—Marmion, captain.
Meeting's battery—W. T. Mewhling. captain.
Howe's battery—M. G. Howe, captain.
First cavalry "battalion state troops—D. D.
Holland, lieutenant colonel; Joseph Taylor, ma-
•First cavalry regiment state troops—J. G.
Coleman, major; W. Tignal Jones, colonel; G.
W. Stidham, lieutenant colonel.
First infantry battalion state troops—J. B.
Anderson, major; iM. G. 'Settle, lieutenant col-
First infantry regiment state troops—L. G.
Cleveland, major; Kerr B. DeW'alt, colonel;
Thomas B. Stubbs, lieutenant colonel.
Second cavalry battalion state troops (merged
into second regiment)—J. C. Carter, major.
Second cavalry regiment state troops—J. C.
Carter, lieutenant colonel; James B. McLean,
major; Gid Smith, colonel.
'Second infantry regiment state troops—
Thompson Camp, colonel; Wrilfliam H. Parks,
major; Franklin Bolhar Sublett, lieutenant col-
Third cavalry battalion state troops—J. M.
Morln, lieutenant colonel; L. G. Scogin, major.
Third cavalry regiment state troops—George
0. Dun-away, lieutenant, coflonel; T. J. M. Rich-
ardson. colonel: L. M. Rogers, major.
Third infantry regiment state troops—James
W. Barnes, lieutenat colonel; Moses Austin
Bryan, major; John Sayles, major.
Fifth infantry regiment state troops—Stephen
Heard Dairden, colonel; William G. Jett, lieu-
tenant colonel; Albert Walthersdorff, major.
JAMES I. A PROTECTIONIST.
In 1003 James' first parliament decreed that
persons who felt themselv<« injured by the
granting of patent's or monopolies to others
should send in written statements of ithedr
cases and that a committee should report upon
such cases and advise what had best be done
to meet them. It was found upon inquiry th'at
most of the monopolist trading companies (the
largest one the world has ever seen, the East
India company, was founded in 1600) were inot
doing well, but that many private persons had
made large fortunes by their grants. The
house t'hen decided tWat these -privileges should
be divided into lawful and unlawful ones. On
t'he list bping submitted to the king by Sir
Francis Bacon, he canceled some patents, left
the legality of others to be settled in the courts
of law and clung tenaciously to his royal pre-
rogative in others.
One of the patents on the list bad been
granted to the - lord admiral to sell wines—a
somewhat undignified occupation for such an
officer, but & curious proof how far corruption
had spread in tlhe highest ranks of the public
At this period, however, James I. did not
quite feel his way in this country. A total
stronger to it, he was careful at first to pletose
his new subjects till he found what they would
put up with and what they were rather touchy
about. Cautiously he began to grant monopo-
lies in all directions, jnoved thereto by (his own
avarice and that of the mahy needy Scotchmen
who followed him -into the Land of Promise.
The patentees, however, had to pay very
bmartly for their privileges. James' first exploit
was a patent given to Lord Sheffield, Sir
Thomas Challonor and John Bourchier, Esq.,
in 1006, of "divers, absolute, roll, free licenses
Couching tlhe sole and only making of allomes
(alum) and liquors thereof" 'in England. Scot-
land and Ireland, for thirty-one years, they
paying him £700 a year. Having made this
'tolerably satisfactory bargain (the sum named
would be equal to nearer £2000 now), the king
discovered that alum was a metal and that the
prerogative gave him a right to all metals.
The patentees, who in the meantime (had as-
signed half their interest, to some London
merchants, with power to "dig, open a.nd work
all manner of mines and ewers of allomes"
wherever they might be found, had to surren-
der their rights for £10.000 a year. This was
to be raised to £12,000 in three years, but was
Intended to reimburse them for the buildings
and plants they had erected in various places.
THE GRAMMATICAL RULE. /
Prom -time to time examinations of classes
in the elementary schools are conducted under
the auspices of the superintendent of public
schools in order to "test tho work of teachers.
In the early days of the superlntendency, teach-
ers who expected a visit from one of the as-
sistant superintendents would carefully drill
their pupils and prepare them to go on "dress
parade." In one of these cases the children
•had been taught to recite a number of words,
which included an array of nouns, adjectives,
adverbs, etc., in measured quantity.
"What Is fully?" asked 'the teacher.
"Adverb!" shouted the class.
"And this?" as she wrote "surely" on the
"Adverb!" again shouted the youngsters.
"And what is this?" queried the assistant
superintendent, writing "The fly has wings,"
and pointing to "fly."
"Adverb!" lustily exclaimed the class.
"And why -is it an adverb?"
" 'Cause it ends in 'ly,' " was the confident
The Forgotten Life of One of Amer-
ica's Greatest Diplomats in
the Far East.
HONORABLE AND UPRIGHT.
He Gradually Pressed the Wily Orientals Into
a Corner Where They Had to Be Honest
Value of of His Work.
New York Tribune.
This book is an admirable tribute to
the memory of an extraordinary man.
That the greatest victories of foreign
diplomacy in Japan at the outset should
have been won by a man who had 110
special training for his task has always
been a matter of surprise, and even
Americans have been too apt to take for
granted the claims of Englishmen that
without Lord Elgin the treaty-making
of 1858 would have been a failure. Mr.
Gritlls shows that this was not the case,
and his evidence is largely drawn from
Harris' own journal, in which the oeur-
rences of each day were set down almost
at the moment when they took place,
without any chance for afterthoughts.
It turned out that the training which
Harris had as a business man was the
best that he could have had for his work
In Japan. He was the better consul-
general and minister for not being aware
of the many devious courses which a
man acquainted with the ways of courts
and cabinets might have adopted. It is
agreed by all diplomatists now that the
most direct line Is the best with the wily
but yielding races of Asia. Almost un-
consciously this was the principle that
guided Harris all the time of his resi-
dence in the east. He was honest and
straightforward. He did not know how-
to be otherwise; and he gradullly pressed
the Japanese officials who were appointed
to confer with him into a corner where
they also had to be honest. This tfas
accomplished In the face of difficulties
that must have seemed insurmountable
at lirst. The American envoy had the
prestige of Commodore Perry's success-
ful negotiations as a starting point, but
as for 'himself he had barely standing
room, to begin with, in an obscure coast
town which could easily be shut off from
all communication with the rest of the
It is when the difficulties of the task
of opening Japan are considered that the
value is understood of Harris' prelimin-
ary 'training as described by Mr. Gi'ffis.
His earliest lessons were those of patriot-
ism and a dislike for England. In the
war of 18X2, which began when he was
a boy of 8 years, his grandfather's house
near Tlconderogu was -burned by the
British troops or by Indians in British
pay. Resentment for this act of bar-
barity was clierisihed by his grandmother,
Thankful Townsend Harris, to the day
of her death, and he caught so much of
the feeling that 'he never used a Shef-
field knife nor wore a scrap of English
cloth. His grandmother, says Mr. Grfflrt,
taught him "to tell the truth, fear God,
and hate the British." He was not the
man tod isguise his likes or dislikes, and
the lessons of his youth must not be
forgotten in the perusal of English com-
ments upon him an,<J his achievements-
such for example, as described him as
"not a diplomatist, but a plain, ihonest-
hearted gentleman." As a boy 'he loved
books and study. But the education
with which he started In life was the lit-
tle he could attain before his thirteenth
year in a village school and academy of
New York state. Then 'his active career
began with employment as a clerk in
this city. Subsequently he joined his
father and brother' in the business of
importing china and earthenware. His
interests as a business man led him to
cherish a curiosity about foreign lands,
especially those of the far east. He de-
voted his leisure to study, mastered
French, Spanish and Italian, and made
himself acquainted with the most im-
portant fields of European literature.
Thus in 1849 he was no ordinary mer-
chant with a horizon bounded by ledgers
and price-lists. But he had as yet never
been outside of his native country. It
was only when his mother died that he
ceased to feel the ties of home. A few-
months after that event he sold out :his
'business and bought a half interest iti a
ship which carried him around Cape
Horn to San Francisco. Was he a vic-
tim of 'the gold fever of 1S49? There is
no sign of it, and above all no inkling
at that time of what the future had In
store for him.
What really happened was that he
bought the other half of his ship and
began a series of trading voyages to
China, India and the South Sea islands
that lasted for five years. The range of
his 'travels in these years is shown by
his record of the places -where he cele-
brated Christmas. In 1849 he was at sea
in the North Pacific ocean. The next
year he was at Manilla, then at Pulo-
Penang, next at Singapore, in another
twelve-month at Hong-Kong, the next
year at Calcutta, then in Ceylon, and
finally in 1856 in Japan. In these days
of steam and ocean tramps, the list might
easily be duplicated, but it was different
in those days. Besides, he visited many
regions which he never saw on Christmas
day. He seems to have learned all ithe
ins and outs of tlie Malay archipelago,
of the Dutch East Indies, and even to
ihave gone as far 83 Australia. It is
said that he spent one night with the
chief of a tribe of man-eaters. "The
smoke-blackened and soot-festooned hut,"
adds Mr. Griffls, "was decorated with a
dado of human skulls. The American's
host not only expatiated on the merits
of man-meat, but even touched with his
fingers Mr. Harris' body at those parts
where be declared the choicest bits were
to be found." This was interesting, but
it might be said that it was not .training
for diplomacy. But a man who could
enjoy the knocking about from port, to
port, now in the harbor of a city like
Calcutta, and again casting anchor in
the lagoon of a coval island Infested by
cannibals, must acquire a knowledge of
human nature, suoh as even the best
foreign office would never give. Mr.
Griffls grows eloquent on this point. Suoh
an experience, in his opinion, "was ad
mirably calculated to increase his knowl-
edge of Malay, insular and oriental 'hiu
man nature, and to give him a. wide prac
tical knowledge of 'the laws of nations
and of the conditions of trade and ex-
change. Above all, it would fit him to
take part in the solution of that su
preme world-problem of the nineteenth
and twentieth centuries--the harmony
of Christendom with Buddhadom and the
reconciliation of occidental and oriental
Harris was not to go to Japan without
some knowledge from within of consular
duties. He is said to ihave been acting
vice-consul at Mingpo for a short time,
and he was well enough known in the
east to venture on a congratulatory letter
to Commodore Perry upon the latter's
success in Japan and to receive a cordial
reply. He also brought himself .to the
attention of the government at Washing-
ton by urging the purchase of Formosa.
His plan was apparently feasible, but
its only result was to convince his old
friend, Secretary Marcy, that he might
be made useful in t'he east. Mr. Griffls
does not indicate that Harris up to this
time had any diplomatic yearnings, but
he does seem to hint 'that the veteran
voyager cherished the hope of setting
foot in Jaoan. "To get into the country
behind the looking-gUsn, says he, " was
Townsend Harris' ambition." Whether
Harris had made his wishes known to
Marcy or not is a question ignored in
this book. But Ifis career in the east
was familiar to Commodore Perry, andi
ihis record as a New Yorker was equally
familiar to William H. Seward. These
.wo famous men—and the fact was not
known to Harris until Seward, as Lin-
oln's secretary of state, informed him
of It in ISfil—urged his appointment as
first commissioner of Japan.
Seward's generosity in the matter was
marked by the fact that Harris had been
all his lite a democrat in spit" of his
federal ancestry. Marcy was, of course,
as ready to appoint his friend as Perry
and Seward were to make the suggestion.
But it was not clear that Pierce was
equally sanguine. At any rate he came
near calling Harris home after sending
him to Japan, and that, too, because of
an accident over which the envoy could
have had no control. Harris, after re-
isiting the United States, was not only
senC to Japan, but was required also to
negotiate a treaty with Siam. He was
successful in this, his first experiment in
diplomacy. But after the treaty reached
Washington and while it was under dis-
cussion in the senate, a New York news-
paper publ.shed what purported to be a
copy of it. There was too little resem-
blance between the pretended copy and
the original to have deceived anybody.
At least, so Harris thought, and he re-
sented with some bitterness in the pages
of his Journal the threat that the presi-
dent made ot removing him on the
ground that he must have furnished the
newBpaper with what it published.
But he was not removed. On the con-
trary. he was sent to the city of Shimoda
beside a land-locked port among a people
who would not sell him even the neces-
saries of life until he forced them to do
so; with no means ot communication with
them except a Dutch mercantile patois
HOO years old; confronted by a body of
officials whose skill lay chiefly in meth-
ods for evading the truth—and there he
was left for months without the possibil-
ity of sending a report or dispatch to
Washington or of getting any news from
the United States. To all appearances
he was completely forgotten. He had to
tight, in u diplomatic sense, for susten-
ance, for a house to live in worthy of an
envoy of the United States, ffij" the con-
sideration due a man of rank according
to Japanese notions ol rank, and even
for the privilege of walking the streets.
Nothing was taken for granted by the
men with whom he had ;to deal. Their
resourcefulness in the way of evasion
and delay was infinite. He did not ex-
haust them. They turned up smiling,
polite, impudent or timid as the case
seemed to require, to repeat each day
on new topics the tactics wnth Which
they had wearied him the day before.
He even found himself unable to believe
them when they told him the truth. They
took advantage of his ignorance of their
etiquette to inveigle him into acts of
ceremony that lessened his dignity in
their eves. They denied the very exis-
tence of things which his own eyes at-
tested. They tried to exhaust his purse
by concocting an incredible price list.
When everything else failed to discour-
age him they could display all the symp-
toms of genuine fright as if hari-kari or
the headsman awaited them that instant.
He fell ill, largely for lack of the food
to whioh he had been accustomed.
Nevertheless, he persisted. Word by
word, he learned their language, day by
day he divined more clearly their
thoughts, the meaning of their customs,
and the purpose which they sought to
hide. In time he could tell by the ex-
pression on the face of a Japanese ac-
quaintance what interpretation was to
be given to 'the slightest turn in the
elaborate ceremonial to which he was
subjected. He obliged them to tolerate
with open eyes 'his use of the Protestant
Episcopal service. He induced them to
respect his convictions respecting the in-
violability of Sunday. He succeeded in
removing the spies 'that were set to
watch him. Above, all, he won the con-
fidence of the men in authority. Be-
tween September, 1856, and June, 1857,
lie had made such progress t!ha- he could
already speak of a convention which
opened the port of Nagasaki to American
ships, which gave the right of perma-
nent residence to Americans at Shimoda
and Hakodate, and of a vice-consulate
at the latter port, which settled the cur-
rency at an advance of nearly three to
one in tlhe value of the American dollar
and gave Americans the right of being
tried by American law, and which con-
ceded the right of the consul-general to
go where he pleased, to have Japanese
money, and to make purchases without
■the intervention of a Japanese official.
With all this achieved, he still held
the highest card in his game. It was the
letter of the president to the tycoon,
who was in those days supposed to be
the ruler of the empire. This he stub-
bornly refused to deliver except in Yedo
with is own hands to the tycoon in
person.- The Japanese officials were by
turns imperious, persuasive, obstinate,
tremulous and perspiring. But they
yielded at last; and Harris went to Yedo,
■not to knock 'his forehead on the mat
at the ruler's feet, 'but to speak with him
face to face, and to pay him the homage
of three bows according to the custom of
European courts. Once the Japanese con
ceded the point, they made the most of
it. At every stage of the journey from
Shimod'a to Yedo the roads were cleared
of travel and traffic for a day. The peo-
ple were given to understand that a
foreigner of exal-ted -rank was to pass by.
They lined the way by thousands, most
of them- crouching with averted faces;
only a few were privileged to stand and
gaze openly at the procession; which at-
tended the illustrious stranger to the
capital. Pictured broadsides describing
the "American -ambassador" were scat-
tered over the country and tlhe officials
seemed to take delight in the thought
that millions would go to Yedo to see the
great man from t'he United States. Al-
together, the journey and the visit to
the tycoon presented a fine example of the
skill with which oriental statesmen can
turn a real defeat into an aTpparent vic-
The Amerfcan soon found that his
triumph was something far more im-
port-ant than a matter of court etiquette.
From he vantage ground of Yedo he
could see what he would never have
learned at Shimoda. He -began to under-
stan-ad the great mystery of old Japanese
politics, the relation of the tycoon, so-
called, to the real but hidden emperor.
He fathomed the deptlhs of oriental prej
udice agai-nst delegated powers, and dis-
cerned through the veil of deceit which
was raised about him on every side the
signs of controversy that raged over his
demands in the council of state. He felt
'himself to be negotiating in reality with
men whom he never met as treaty
makers. The result was that every point
was discussed over and over again. When
affairs seemed most 'hopeless and t)h$
Japanese most obstinate, they suddenly
yielded, conceding in some cases more
it'han was asked. They had learned that
commercial privileges did not mean in-
vasion or foreign supremacy, and they
had -at last taken to heart the lesson
which Harris all tne while -labored to
imprese on -ahem—that -liberal trade con-
cessions were the best means of prevent-
ing foreigners from interfering in mat
ters that were exclusively national. No
doubt contemporary events in China and
India hastened the signing of the treaty
at the last. But the fact remains that
the treaty was agreed to before the Eng-
lish fleet made its -appearance at Yedo,
and that Townsend Harris, "plain, hon-
est-hearted gentleman," could write to
Sir John Bowring at Hong-Kong that
"Lord Elgin- and Baron Gros will find
tihelr work all done to their h'ands when
they arrive, and that a large fleet was
not required as -a demonstration."
WOULD iBE HANDY.
Male passenger (on full car)—^Naw!
-Newsboy—Lady goln' ter git on at ae nex
There Was Once a Time When Noth-
ing Was Thought Too Good
to Wear to School.
'0VERTY NOT A DISGRACE,
Girls Should Be and Can Be Clothed Very
Attractively at Comparatively Rea;
S. Isadore Miner in New York Ledger.
If I were a mother," exclaimed a tired
teacher, at the close of^a long, trying
first day," "I'd expend a little of my
gray matter wrestling with the echool-
clothes problem. The teacher and the
school must be above critic torn; but the
moral and educational effect of the chil-
dren's clothes is never once called in
"What do you mean?" said I.
"Nothing—no—everything. Won't ask
me. I'm too tired."
And now again October, and the ever-
recurring problem of school clothes. But,
thanks -to that wise but weary teadher,
the little seed of suggestion sown in
the sheer despair of helplessness, has
with me borne the fruit of unshaken
conviction. And so I was glad, the other
day, when I heard a busy mother say,
You may call it pride, or whatever you
like, but if Bessie must wear shabby
clothes, it -shall be when the added yeara
have 'brought their own lessons of serene
Independence, and not when every blem-
ish is an affliction to her little soul." So
the half-worn gowns of the mother that
had been out on inspection with a view
of being made over into school dresses
that would hardly have outlasted a vig-
orous romp, were reserved for further
duty, and Bessie rejoiced in a soft, dark-
blue serge, serviceable and appropriate,
and made dainty and girlish by fresh
ribbons and frequent changes of snowy
aprons—all this at the expense of a
coveted bit of -table-ware.
There was once a time when nothing
was thought too good to wear to school,
but so much has been written on the
follies of school furbelows and the time
wasted on dress that we seem to have
gone to -the other extreme, and created
a class who thin* anything good enough
for that purpose. Occasionally we see
the mincing misses in rustling silk skirts
and butterfly bows. The world was -not
made in -a day, -and we cannot expect to
unmake it in less than the orthodox six.
Yet their place to a large extent has been
tilled by little, shrinking figures so pain-
fully conscious of last year's gowns that
only loss of self-respect -has enabled them
to squeeze into the outgrown seams.
They are not recruited -alone from the
ranks of those who could .not do better
if they wished; there is much less of pov-
erty of means than of thought in this
free, productive land of ours. They are
the progeny of the tkne-wasted-on-dress
theory. 1 am t-lred of the -hackneyed ex-
pression, for it is not true. No time that
evolves the artistic, the suitable, the
serviceable in dress is ever wasted.
1 visited the eigt-h grade of one of our
public schools not long ago. The pupils
ranged from 12 to H years—just the
blossoming time of girlhood, when every
tiny tendril of quickened emotions seeks
something bright -and beautiful to twine
about. The class in mental arithmetic
was on the floor, and eager minds were
intent on solving an exceedingly vexa-
tious problem. Several had given up in
despair, -and the question was rapidly
nearing a bright-eyed little girl who sat
with the proud consciousness of mastery
depicted on her face. But, alas, in an
unlucky moment she caught my eye, and
painfully aware of a defect in her ward-
robe, misinterpreted my glance of inter-
est. A quick "flush mantled her sensitive
and modest face, She grasped her short-
ened- skirts, and made valiant but futile
efforts to drag them down over her rebel-
Did some fairy wave her wand? Again
I was in a long, low-c^pilinged country
school-house. The afternoon sun burned
fiercely through the d'usty windows and
made a fiery pathway for my bare, brown
feet. The school inspector -had arrived
on his quarterly but always unexpected
round, and tli« buzzing of flies and drone
of childish lips Were punctuated by his
strident and awesome tones. The ad
v-anoed -class In geography was ealled. I
slipped up the aisle in my scant, out-
grown skirts, which were ill adapted to
hide my length of -limb. I hurriedly
wedged myself in 'between two larger
girls with more voluminous draperies,
and who, -being mueh older than 1, had
arrived to the estate of wearing shoes
in summer, heirship to which was arbi-
trarily decided by age, and rigidly en-
forced each side the pale, irrespective
of size or social conditions. In that com
munity, poverty was less a disgrace than
to be thought "stuck-up." I made my
self as in-conspicuous as possible, but
though the youngesit, 1 was the bright
particular geographical star of the class,
and when one after another failed to
-locate some unimportant Russian town
with -an unpronounceable name, 1 felt a
glow of 'honest pride as the question
came to me. "That is correct," said the
'teacher approvingly; anad then with
sarcastic emphasis; "You may locate It
on the map, the better to fix it in the
minds of these young ladles." I glanced
up; the glow of pleasure chilled within.
The inspector's awful eye was upon me.
and in that brief condition of moment I
recalled the briefer condition of -my
skirts. I rose, round-shouldered and
crouching, to at -least conceal my knees,
A sudden shame overwhelmed me. A
cold -hand clutched my heart. Better
failure than ridicule and disgrace. I
sank back and shook my head. 1 could
not speak for choking sobs.
I felt them again pulsating in my
throat. A mist was before my eyes. 1
swept my hand across my face and the
vision fled. A sturdy boy was demon-
strating the vexing problem in arithme-
tic. The little girl In the scant skirts
had missed, and the tears of an outraged
bu-t helpless childhood were trembling
on her lids.
Another little girl I noticed in the class.
I knew her mother well, a-nd whenever
I called at her home Agnes seemed very
fond of me, and often left her frolic to
linger by my side. But to-day she avoid-
ed my glance, and seemed strangely em-
barrassed. What had come over the
child? Ah! She lacked the ease and con-
fidence we all 'feel when we are conscious
that we look well. Her pretty gown was
-completely eclipsed by a long-sleeved
apron that might have been passable
once, but which many washings had
drenched Into a particularly ugly mud-
color that no doubt grated on her grow-
ing sense of the aesthetic, and made her
little short of wretched. It takes just
suc-h little clouds to obscure the sky of
And could that sallow, unlovely child
over in the corner be winsome Julia
Hayes? She was one of the brightest,
most engaging pupils in my Sunday-
school clat-s; but, alas! she had fallen a
victim to the hobgoblin brown. Brown
hair, tied back with dingy brown rib-
bon; brown eyes; a complexion that
would some day clear into a pure olive,
but was now uncompromisingly dull; a
-bilious brown dress, unrelieved by a
single dash of color or bright ribbon-
there you have the formula that trans-
formed my impressionable little friend
Into a, particularly unattractive girl. I
recalled the rich, warm tone of Julia's
Sunday guwn, that threw a lovely, flick-
ering color over her sallow c-heek, and
deepened in her bright eyes, making her
dark beauty positively witching; and
then and there I mentally registered a
vow that, come what might, 1 would
never, never make a caterpillar of a child
six days in the week for the sake of the
brilliant butterfly 1 could produce on the
seventh. Better a happy. t,-are-free,
modect. little yellow-winged specimen
How I wiah from my heart that many
mothers I know had been with me that
day! They would go, as I went once, to
a. certain row of low hooks where little
dresses hung In straggling array. All
would be taken do-.-n and forced to bear
the scrutiny of awakened mother-eyes.
Some that passed muster in the morning
would be banished forever; others laid
aiside for the remedy of defects never
before noticed. Lips would quiver at the
sight of a limp -bow pinned at the neck
of a rejected garment—-the attempts of
childhood to redeem a shabby frock are
sometimes so pathetic. And that appall-
ing row of tiny shoes—rusty, down at
the heel, out at the toe. and buttonless.
Nothing detracts from an otherwise trim
appearance like an untidy shoe, because
in its polished surface we look for the
efleetion of all other graces. And so
the little shoes would be sent in three
directions—to .the catch-all. the cobbler's,
and the blacking bottle, the contents of
the latter being applied with lavish hand.
The mental effects of clothing are so
far-reaching. Few there are among us
who can appear their best without tin-
inner consciousness that they look their
best. It is vanity. It is the self-respect
that puts us on an equal footing with all
mankind. Above all. it is a dangerous
matter lo injure that self-respect in a
little child. From the spirit wounded by
shabby apparel may spring the cringing,
awkard, apologetic mannerisms that are
always so pitiful in later life; the sullen
indifference affected to conceal a super-
sensitive 'nature; the unhappy blunders
at the critical moment, that are invaria-
bly accredited to stupidity. Children are
not, fortunately or unfortunately, suffi-
ciently callous to meet adverse criticism
unscathed. I know several blight, pretty
girls whose abilities exceptionally fitted
them for advanced culture, but who left
school at an early age, to all appearance
from no other cause than lack of ambi-
tion. In truth, entirely unnecessary de-
nials on the part of thoughtless parents
had subjected them to so many mortifi-
cations, no doubt exaggerated, but none
the less bitter, that school seemed a scrt
of inquisition, and release from its trials
sweet. Had they been judiciously helped
over this trying period, they would sion
have come into the happy land of sub-
lime independence, and adjusted I'ne mat-
ter of dress to -their own (satisfaction.
1 rejoice at this new trend of thought
that is placing women 'on the visiting
board of city, village md country
schools; but I would rejoice still more
if -high up in their line of duties was one
which would lead them to, carry into
theii own homes the significant lessens
of the school-room, even at the loss of
well-committed admonishments to the
faithful teacher and her timid llock.
IMPROVEMENTS IN TEXAS.
How Fortune Smiles on -the Laml of Corn, Cot-
ion and Contentment,
St. Louis Great Southwest.
Houston, Tex., Sept. 26.—With "deep water"
in sight at three points on our coast, with the
largest corn crop the state ever produced,
with a cotton crop that will bring more money
-than iti did last year, it no so large, with a
fruit it did last year, if not so large, with a
tare, -with the fact established that rice and
tobacco can be grown here in as great abun-
dance and equal in quality to that grown any-
where, and with 1'he roads 'lined with immi-
grants coming from all quarters i-t is no won-
der that all Texas has a broad grin on. Yes,
ithe Texans are happy and willing to share
their happiness with the mil-lions of people who
are bound to make Texas their home in the
The developed and undeveloped natural re-
sources of Texas are unsurpassed anywhere la
-the wide world, either in quality, quan-lty or
variety, and the time Is not far distant when
-these will attract more attentl-on than those of
any other slate -in -the union. From -this tlmo
forth this state is bound to come to -the front
rapidly. She has everything in her favor,
such as climate, soil, mineral wealth, etc.
At the present moment contracts for dam-
ming the Rio Grands at El Paao for irrigation
purposes and the Ilrazos river at Waco for
water power are about to be closed. There
are now going- up in -the state eight or nine
cot'.'on compresses and as many cotton oil
mills. Two, if not three, cot-ton factories are
being commenced, a-nd tobacco warehouses are
being constructed. There are six courthouses
now being built, and large business -houses
without lim-it. Residences are going up all
over -the state, and so are churches and school-
houses. 1-D is safe -to say there are not less
than 110,000,000 or $12,000,000 being expended on
improvements outside of the expenditures on
the coast. There is hardly a -town in the state
that is not making improvements. Bins -and
smokehouses are being enlarged, and lum-
ber, shingles and building hardware are in big
R. R. GILBERT,
POPULISTIC VIEW OF GEN. MILES.
Mr. Cleveland) can be depended upon/ to do
the act -that is most repugna-nt to the masseo
of tihe -people. This -comes from the fact that
■he is subservient to the elaisses, and the classes
never fall -to conflict with the masses.
The appointment of Gen. Nelson A. Miiles to
the position of gf-ne-raMn-eh'ief of -the -armies
is pursuant to orders from -the combines and
trusts, whose interests 'he -has so faithfully
served. No doubt Duke Pullman personally re-
quested the appointment of Gen. Miles, as -he is
indebted to -him for valuable assistance in kil-1-
tog off a few laboring men in the -sympathetic
railway strike of a year ago. Then, all of t'he
-railroad combines favor Miles, because lie did
valiant service for them anil assisted, them to
reduce the wages of labor to the pauper scato.
MXes is the -ideal general for tihe combines.
There is no act they might cam mil against la-
bor that would mot be sanctioned by Gen.
This brings another issue into the presiden-
tial campaign. Every laboring man should un-
derstand -.-hat M-i-l-es is olf trial -before the pub-
lic tribunal. If old- party methods prevail Miles
-will continue -to aid the trusts -and enslave la-
bor. but if the people's party succeeds Mi-lea
-will be re-legated to a lower -rank In short order.
A vote for democracy is a vote for Miles and
this policy of shooting down laboring mean
Butter is not the only thing which is adul-
terated. Coffee, as we all know, is mixed with
chickory, and the only proposal mhde to the
committee was that the seller should be bound
to state the proportion of each which the com-
pound contained. Arrowroot is adulterated
with potato starch. Many articles of food, es-
pecially sweets, are colored with aniline dyes,
only a few of which, happily, are poisonous.
Beeswax is mixed with paraffin wax. Candied
peel is sold after the essential oils have first
been extracted. There is a large importation
of caraway seeds similarly exhausted, and
spent caraway seeds are a familiar article of
commerce in Mincing lane. Olelne cheese is
imported from America. Cocoa is mixed with
sugar and arrowroot, as we all know, and the
mixture has a record of 300 years, and has
therefore become respectable. But a mixture
of alkali with the cocoa seems less objection-
able. Liquorice is adulterated With rioe,
starch, millers' sweepings "and other fari-
naceous substances." Pepper, strangely
enough, is adulterated with something which
the analysts have been unable to name. It is
suggested that sausages ought not to contain
more -than 50 per cent of bread. Beet sugar
is colored to look like demorara. Imported
tinned peas are colored with sulphate of copper.
These are a few of -the ingenious forms of
fraud which were disclosed to the committee.
The distressing thing Is that in no'single case
can a remedy be devised which is not open to
NOT SUITABLY EQUIPPED.
Commander—Captain, you will attack the en-
emy as soon as it is dark.
Captain of militia—Preposterous!
Commander—What do you mean, sir?
Captain of militia—Why. I don't support
there is a man In my command wbo hac m
dresa coat with Muk
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 54, No. 204, Ed. 1 Monday, October 14, 1895, newspaper, October 14, 1895; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth465257/m1/6/: accessed June 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.