The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 284, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 1, 1895 Page: 1 of 10
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Fancy Orpgon Red Apv fyj, Fourtier fruit: bxs
Fancy California BelleEowor Apples, Fourtier
fruit; in hoxes.
Fancy Ben Davis and Wine Sap Apples,Missouri
stock; in barrels.
Fancy New Hampshire Baldwin Apples; brie.
nnAMRFQ Fancy Florida Oranges,from the
UnHllULO famous Indian liiver country.
AIbo full lines of everything pood for Xiuas trade
t.h, thompson ico.
TREMONT OPERA HOUSE.
1 LAST PERFORMANCE TO-NIGHT.
e Youngest and Most Beautiful Comedienne
on the Fta*e, Winsome
And the Popular Funmakor, Joe Cawthorn,
In the mihsion of Molodious Mirth, by Blanche
".A. GIEL'S W-A.-5T."
Supported by the Patti Rosa Comedy Co.
New Music, New Songn, New and Original
Dances, Fun, Frolic and Pathos,
OPENING * PERFORMANCES
Thursday uml Friday Evening, Jan. 3, 4.
Alutince Saturday, Jan. 5.
Thursday Night and Saturday Matinee, the new
DaugZitors of Evo.
By A. E. Lancaster and Julian Maguus.
Friday Night, Tom Taylor's Famous Comody
Drama, AN UNEQUAL MATCH.
Seats on sale at Grand Opara Houso Wednes-
day. Prices : $1.50, $i, 75c, 50c and 25c.
Coming—Pauline Hall, Monday and Tuesday,
January i and 8.
| TURN YOUR NEXT SHIPMENT TO US
And you will find that we can
do better than you antici-
pate. We possess all the
physical facilities, but that
after all does not count for
half in handling Cotton.
What tells is classification,
manner of handling and
judgment in selling. In no
other business does personal
attention, skill and experi-
ence count for so much.
Send for stencil and quota-
Wm. D. Cleveland & go.
Uilno, Lewis & Co.
Wish their friends
and patrons a
Friends and Patrons
One and all, we extend our
And Best Wishes for the
With many thanks for past favors,
and soliciting a continuance of your
confidence and patronage, we are
[Moore, McKmney & go,
Importers and Wholesale Dealers.
" SO \
Ip , \
31) t iatehm
VOI, LIU-NO. 28i.
1t> have engaged the
services of a lady
expert from the east
and are prepared to
make AND give instruc-
tions IN making the
crepe AND silk paper
Bon Bon Boxes
and Tic Cases
And other innumerable articles
LADIES ESPECIALLY INVITED.
To our Friends and Customers
^0f the Season
And solicit a continuation of
their favors for the coming year.
We wish you unlimited success.
JAKE DAWS 4 CO.,
Wholesale Grocers, Wines, Liquors & Cigars,
CALVESTON, - - - TEXAS.
P. J. WILUS & BRO.
and •' ~
Liberal Advances Made on Cotton Consignments
CRUSADE AGAINST SALOONS.
Labor Unions' Treasuries Said to Be
Empty—Money Spent for Beer.
New York, Dec. 31.—The question of labor
organizations meeting in halls where non-
union beer is sold came up again before
a meeting of the Central labor union.
After some discussion Delegate Perrin of
the ironworkers' union offered a resolution
compelling all unions connected with the
Central labor union to And meeting places
within three months where no intoxicating
liquors are sold.
"I listened to David Holmes of England
a few weeks ago in Cooper union," said
Mr. Perrin, "and I took to heart what he
said about the necessity for our unions
having full treasuries. I believe that the
reason that the labor organizations in this
country are poor is because their members
spend their money in saloons."
"I don't believe that Central labor union
has power to adopt such a resolution,"
said Secretary Johna S. Henry, "and it
would not be just to the brewers who are
members of the union."
"Whether or not we have the power,"
replied Perrin, "we must take some stand
pn this matter. Let us now amend the
constitution for I tell you that I know
that the rank and ille of our unions are
being ruined by drink."
Delegate James C. Edwards seconded
the resolution and after a long debate it
was put to a vote and defeated by a small
majority. Several delegates, however, an-
nounced their intention of urging their
unions to carry out the resolution and the
announcement was made that the painters'
union had secured a temperance hall to
ROBBERS FRIGHTENED AWAY.
Granger, Williamson Co., Tex., Dec. 31.-
jas't night about 11 o'clock two masked
nen entered the groccry store of Mr.
V. V. Elick, it is supposed with the pur-
pose of robbing it, as quite a sum of
money was given to Mr. Elick that morn-
ing for safe keeping. The alarm was given
and the would be robbers were frightened
away without getting any booty. It is
not known who the men were.
THE BATTLE OF NEW ORLEANS.
New York, Dec. 31.—The business demo-
cratic association will celebrate the anni-
versary of the battle of New Orleans with
a dinner at the Plaza hotel on the evening
of Tuesday, January 8. Invitations have
been sent to President Cleveland, Vice
President Stevenson, Secretary Lamont,
Postmaster General Bissell, Senator David
B. Hill, Joseph S. Miller, United States
commissioner of internal revenue, Gov-
ernor Pattison of Pennsylvania, Governor
Morris of Connecticut, Governor Werts or
New Jersey, ex-Governor Russell of Mas-
sachusetts, Senator Walsh of Georgia and
a large number of other prominent men.
GALVESTON, TEXAS, TUESDAY, JANUAltY 1, 1895-TEN PAGES.
Stored in Kentucky free warehouses. Tax roil
before the 20 cents advance, which we ure otfe
ing at big bargains in lota to suit.
Wm. B. KING & CO.
Wholesale Liquor and Cigar Dealers,
ESTABLISHED 1812 uotJST°-v' - - - TKXA*
wft: s«3j"uo^)jo qi>|
Carlyle, 111., Dec. 31.—A diphtheria epi-
demic has assumed alarming proportions
six miles west of here among farm horses.
The animals are first affected with dis-
temper, and afterwards the glands of the
neck and jaws become discolored. There
has been a number of deaths, and at
present nearly a hundred cases. The dis-
ease is spreading rapidly.
Highest of all in Leavening Power.—Latest U. S. Gov't Report
FIRE INSURANCE COMPANY
San Antonio, Texas.
Special facilities for handling TEXAS business.
JOHN A. STUBBS. Agent,
Galveston Extends New Year Greetings to Uncle Sam and Makes a Substantial Showing of the Gratifying Results That Have Been Achieved Through the Liberal
Appropriation for the Improvement of the Harbor. With the Gigantic Granite Jetties Already Across the Crest of the Bar a Deep Water Channel Capable
of Floating the Largest of Vessels is a Matter of but a Very Short Time. It Is a Glad New Year With Galveston and She Bows Her Acknowledgments io
Uncle Sam for His Part in Bringing It About.
A Season of Phenomena! Busi-
ness in the Island City.
BIG COTTON RECEIPTS
More Received for the First Four
Months of the Year Than for
All Last Seasoni
A REVIEW OF BUSINESS.
Something About the Manufacturing Inter-
ests of Galveston-The Shipping
List for the Season.
The yeaf 1S04 closes with a most natter-
ing and memorable record for Galveston.
Despite hard times and the great shrink-
age in money values, the progress of this
city has been steady and unchecked. An
uninterrupted stream of cotton has poured
Its fleecy current through her .gates and
swelled the volume of her business to a
mark hitherto untouched and a mark which
places her in the second place in the list
of the great cotton ports of the United
States, with every prospect of being llrst
on the roll next season. The equipment
and provision made for handling the im-
mense traffic which has come to this port
thl3 season have been up to all require-
ments. The recent improvements made by
the wharf company have added ample ac-
commodations to the water front for the
handling of all the business that might
offer. Acres of sheds have been construct-
ed and thousands of square feet of earth
have been added to the wharf front, and
even with this there is still no room to
spare. The story of the year's business is
best told in the statistics which are given
helow and which afford the most convinc-
ing proof of the substantial progress of the
port of Galveston.
The present year has been a phenom-
enal one all over the country so far as
the production of cotton Is concerned, and
Galveston has kept fully up with the pro-
cession in receipts and handling of the
staple. Her advance as a shipping port
has kept ya'ce with the production of cot-
ton in Texas. The Increase in receipts and
shipments from 'this port may be said
to be a fair reflex of the development of
the state and t'he broadening of her pro-
ductive capacity. From the fifth place as
a cotton port in the seventies, she has
advanced to fourth, 'tlhird and second place,
and bids fair to 'be a strong competitor
for first place a few years hence. With
increasing receipts slie 'has provided facil-
ities for prompt shipment to the outside
world, and the 1,215,627 bales received dur-
ing the past four months have been han-
dled as promptly and satisfactorily as
were the 218,066 received during the cor-
responding four months in 1874. Notwith-
standing the heavy receipts this seasoti,
tlhe tonnage Jias been ample to meet all
demands, less complaint of want of
•wharf room and shipping facilities has
been 'heard than in former seasons of light-
So far as 'the prtce of cotton Is concerned,
the season has been an unsatisfactory one
to producers and factors; but the carriers
have toad a prosperous season, and t'he
laborers have been .benefited In the extra
amount of work in handling the increased
The taible given below shows tlhe net re-
ceipts, foreign-and coastwise shipments for
the four months endinjt ^ sceri*ber 31 in
each year from 1874- upTW and including:
1894, together with stock-on December 31
of each year. It will be seen that the pro-
portion of foreign to coastwise shipments
has increased greatly during the past live
years, until at present but a moderate
amount goes to foreign countries by way
of other ports, the'shipments to New York
and other eastern cities being largely for
account of mills and dealers in that sec-
tion. With increasing deptlh of water on
the bar, European spinners and dealers
have found it to their interest to place
their agents at this port and ship their
cotton direct to their nearest port rather
than make their headquarters in New
York and ship the staple via that port.
RECEIPTS AND EXPORTS
At Galveston for the four months from
September 1 to December 31 of each year
for (he past twenty-one years, and stock
on December 31 of each yar:
Receipts. .Exports. Stock
Year— Net. ForeigttfC'stwlse. Dec 31
187 4 218,066 88,150 49,228 88,79!)
187 5 294,694 95,91" 124,245 81.4)3
187 6 350,184 112,93S 118,158 12»\936
1877 287,365 83,328 108,571 101,722
1S7X 367,275 152,78') 107,7(12 114.733
18.9 336,143 151,311 110,844 84,992
188 0 376,584 170,12i> 96,641 119,620
188 1 308,194 118,.r/i 114,158 108,415
188 2 194,329 218.751 146,608 144,0S2
188 3 460,813 203.19) 161,181 119,484
1884 387,876 168,02>) 173,014 52,190
1885 538,825 236,315 213,680 93,(.98
JJWH 580,281 256,387 205,979 327,957
188 7 551,318 248,49! 222,499 87,899
188 8 497,588 211,89. 217,876 71,459
188 9 682,762 375,86* 255,733 63,903
189 0 751,178 418,240 231,918 118,789
189 1 852,816 663,83}' 190,303 114,945
189 2 811,943 543,468 157,111 135,074
1893 807,530 532,S7>1 109,033 1 95,794
189 4 1,215,627 809,150 126,210 298,733
Local consumption: The amount of cot-
ton taken for consumption by the local
mills from September 1 to December 31 of
each year, as taken from the records of
the cotton exchange, was as follows: 1890,
703 bales; 1891, 1966 bales: 1892, 1341 bales;
1893, 1540 bales; 1894, 1847 bales. The total
taken since the establishment of the mills
in 1890 up to December 31, 1894, was 20,188
bales. The season of 1893-94 exceeded pre-
vious seasons in local consumption, and the
present season promises to exceed the last.
Of the stock on hand December 31, 1891,
123,835 bales were on shipboard on vessels
for foreign ports, 10,600 bales on shipboard
for coastwise ports and 164,308 bales in
compresses and at railroad depots.
CUSTOM HOUSE RECEIPTS.
Customs collections for September, Octo-
ber, November and December, 1894:
Duties. nage. laneous.
September... $7,077 22 $1,562 16 $172 25
October 10,066 19 3,435 66 413 59
November.... 8.512 35 2,930 01 377 4 7
December .... 8,341 60 4,327 29 270 81
Total $33.997~36 $12,255 12 "$1,2151 12
Amount tonnage of vessels entered:
September, 1894 86,416
October, 1S94 98,283
November, 1894 98.9U2
December, 1894 432,729
Amount tonnage of vessels cleared:
September, 1894 48,926
October, 1S94 100,183
November, 1894 93,576
December, 1894 107,968
Total » 350,653
THE JETTY WORK.
Under the appropriation of $6,200,000,
the improvement and development of Gal-
veston harbor work on the gigantic jetty
system, which is designed to accomplish
the result desired, were begun early in
1891. Since the inauguration of the work
the south jetty, over six miles in length,
has been built out into the sea, and the
north Jetty, tout little shorter than the
south one, has "been very nearly completed.
The subjoined table tells the story of
the work which has been done during
the past twelve months. The total amount
of money expended on the work during the
year has been $1,144,100. The north Jetty
i3 now beyond the crest of the bar and the
force of the current and the ordinary
tides which ebb and flow along the walled
.channel have already created a new outlet
to the sea, which time, and a very short
time at that, will develop into a deep
water channel sufficient to float the ^eep*
est draught vessels of commerce. The
work on the north jetty for the past
twelve months as tabulated by the
United States engineers' department, is as
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LETTER TO MR. GRESHAM.
The following letter was forwarded yes-
terday to Hon. Walter Gresham, member
of congress tor this district:
Galveston, Dec. 29, 1891,—Hon. Walter
Gresham, Washington, D. C.—Dear Sir:
We beg to submit to you the absolute
necessity for securing from congress a
larger appropriation than has heretofore
been made for the work being done by
the government in the way of improving
At least $2,000,000 can be judiciously
expended from January 1, 1895, to Jan-
uary 30, 1896, since the contractors, through
the exertions of Major Miller, the engineer
in charge of the work, have increased
their facilities, and are now in position
to earn $125,000 to $175,000 per month.
The north Jetty, as well as the south
jetty, having been completed across the
bar, we are Informed that a simultaneous
and prompt extension of both jetties is of
the utmost importance to secure favorable
results and to protect the work already
It is needless to draw your attention
to the importance of an early completion
of the Jetties. You are familiar with
the details of what has been done in the
past, and for the prospects of a. success-
ful termination of; the work, we refer to
Major Miller^., the engineer in charge, and
to his official vcportst just published.
We ask make an effort to se-
cure at least. $'2,00p,090 appnopriation for the
President Cotton Exchange.
Chairman Deep Water Committee.
W. F. LADD,
President Chamber of Commerce.
Galveston has shared to some extent in
the worldwide depression in business dur-
ing the last year, but, taken as a whole,
the city has held its own in the struggle
for trade and has fared as well as her
sister cities of the south. During the
earlier part of the year Texas farmers
were cited as the most prosperous of the
south, and the city of course shared the
prosperity of the state. The unprecedented
decline In cotton during the past four
months has been felt here as in every
other commercial community of the south,
but the merchants have successfully met
the situation, and notwithstanding the
quiet business season are in good shape
for the future. There have been no fail-
ures of moment in the city during the
past few months of depression, and none
in the wholesale trade. While no claim is
made that the past season has been an
active one in strictly mercantile lines, it
can not be said to have been one of re-
verses, and business to-day seems to be
on as sound a basis as at the beginning
of the season of depression.
That there is ample capital invested In
various lines of trade the following sum-
mary will show. In the dry goods and
grocery trade only the strictly wholesale
houses are Included. The llgures are ap-
proximated from the best data at hand
and are not claimed to be absolutely cor-
In dry goods, boots, shoes and notions
there Is invested between $3,000,000 and
$4,000,000. The establishments in this line
are not numerous, but are generally con-
cerns with large capital and with a cor-
respondingly large territory tributary to
In hardware, stoves, etc., between $300,-
000 and $400,000 capital is invested, anil
some of the establishments go far beyond
the state lines for a portion of their trade.
The wholesale grocery trade is a busi-
ness in which the capital employed is
hard to get at separately, as most of the
grocers are also commission merchants
and make liberal advances on various
kinds of produce. Embracing in the list
groceries, produce, liquors and general
commission merchants other than cotton
factors, the capital employed will foot up
from $6,000,000 to $7,000,000. This is exclu-
sive of a large amount of capital employed
in cotton factorage, cotton buying agen-
cies and other lines handling cottdn and
distinct from the grocery and produce bus-
iness, but includes capital of firms receiv-
ing cotton as part of their grocery and
About $250,000 is invested in the wholesale
lumber business in the city, while large
sums are invested by Galvestonians in the
lumber producing districts.
About $125,000 to $150,000 is invested in the
wholesale coal trade, exclusive of several
retail yards in the city.
There is nearly a million dollars invested
in the steamship and lighterage business.
In the miscellaneous lines of wholesale
trade, such as pianos, musical instruments,
queensware, ctc., there is a capital of
about $500,000 invested. Most establish-
ments in these lines sell both wholesale
The printing business, including news-
papers and periodicals, job printing, litho-
graphing, blank books, stationery, etc., em-
ploys a capital of upward of $700,000.
The capital employed in manufactures
other than the large mills and other fac-
tories, will foot up between $600,000 and
$700,000. Many of these are of moderate
capital but are doing a successful business
in their various lines in meeting the wants
of the city and surrounding country for
their goods. Nearly all will probably in-
crease their capital and output as the de-
mand for their product increases.
Business with mills manufacturing flour,
meal, etc., has been fair during the year
past. The output of ilour by the Galves-
ton mills is roughly estimated at 250,000
barrels, and they have been kept running
during the late shut down in western mills
to fill orders on hand.
THE BANKING BUSINESS.
One of the prime necessities of modern
commerce is ample banking facilities, and
in this respect there are few cities in
better position than Galveston. The cap-
ital employed in this line is not so easy
to be gotten at by an outsider as many
may suppose, as banks, like states, have
tlheir secrets which it is not considered
either to the public interest or to that of
the banks to publish broadcast to the
world. A prominent banker, when asked
the amount of capital employed In the
business In Galveston, stated as a rough
guess that about $5,000,000 was in actual
use in the business at present, though
tlhe amount was generally placed higher,
and would greatly expand should business
requirements demand it. Another equally
well known banker stated that from $12,-
000,000 to $15,000,000 could be depended upon
from the banking fraternity whenever legit-
imate business enterprises demanded 't,
though the amount in actual current use
at present was far below these figures.
When it is stated that those engaged in
the business in Galveston are to a great
extent gentlemen of large private wealth,
the elasticity of capital invested is easily
Bank clearances are generally consid-
ered as a barometer of business done.
Judging by the clearances alone, Galves-
ton has been doing a good business during
the past three or four months. The im-
mense amount of cotton handled during
that time required capital of no mean pro-
portions to expedite it in the manner that
has been done.
The clearances by months for the past
year are given below:
1894. Clearances for month.
Something About the Manufacturing Inter-
ests and Outlook In the Island City.
Galveston has just gone through a de-'
pressing year and came out a little more
than even. Ninety-five per cent of the
business men of the country are counting
their losses instead of their gains, but Gal-
veston business men are counting their
gains. It is not much, but it is a gain,
The year started In unpropitiously. The
effects of the great panic of 1893 were still
felt In nearly every line of trade. Business
men throughout the state reported to the
Galveston wholesale houses that the people
were economizing on everything; that they
were not spending any money for even the
commonest luxuries; that they were living
on the very narrowest limits.
This condition existed for about three
months, when Texas farmers began to
plant their crops, principally cotton. As
the season advanced, hope and confidence
returned and the state faced the brightest
prospects in its history. The farmers be-
gan to calculate upon the future and
bought accordingly. The implement and
hardware trade was good, the farmers
buying the latest Improved machinery that
costs the most. Cotton was commanding
a good price, but an element entered In
that had not been calculated upon and af-
fected trade from Galveston to the Pan-
handle. On the first of September the local
agency of Bradstreet's sent a telegram to
the main of (ice in New York which stated
that Texas had the best prospects it had
ever had. Cotton was In excellent condi-
tion and corn and the cereals were not
behind. Two weeks later when the cotton
crop began to be gathered in earnest it
was found that there had been an overpro-
V;'| By PALWIER COX.
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4U Publishers News, Cialveston, Texas. 1
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 284, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 1, 1895, newspaper, January 1, 1895; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth465778/m1/1/: accessed July 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.