The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 284, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 1, 1895 Page: 3 of 10
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, TUESDAY, JANUAKY 1. 1895.
portfctioris which reach this market. The
company sells direct to the retail dealers,
thus saving to the consumer the profits
made by the middle man. The bottlers
and confectioners of Texas will be sup-
plied during the coming season. The com-
pany also manufactures paregoric, lauda-
num, bay ruin, Florida water, flavoring ex-
tracts, syrups, fruit juices and colorings,
tartaric and citric acids, ginger ale ex-
tract, essential oils, eithera, cochin, Ja-
maica and African gingers, ground va-
nilla and Tonka beans and ciders are all
in the line of this company.
ROBERT CLARKE & CO.
One of the new institutions of the city
Is the establishment of Robert Clarke &
Co., manufacturing stationers, at No. 217
Tremont street. The Arm is composed of
Robert Clarke and Ed. Clarke. The busi-
ness was begun about twenty-one months
ago and has grown until they have nearly
all they can attend to in their present
quarters. They occupy three floors, and
these are filled with the big stock of paper
and materials it Is necessary to carry in
order to keep up with the demands of the
On the ground floor is the stationery
store in the front, where a superb line of
goods is kept. In the rear of the main
room and a large room at the back is kept
the blank paper stock. This was piled on
the shelves which became inadequate and
additional space had to be provided until
the two rooms are now almost completely
filled with the stock and the finished prod-
uct. They keep on hand a big line of blank
books, legal blanks and like articles. This
stock represents an investment of nearly
On the second floor is the printing plant.
The firm has all the latest faces in type
and keeps abreast of the times in printing
novelties. The job room is a model print-
ing office, everything being arranged with
a view to convenience. They have patent-
ed several inventions for the better con-
venience of their workmen. Their presses
are located on this floor, and include all
sizes from a small card press to a big
On the third floor is the bindery. The
firm put in one of the latest things in rul-
ing machines when it started in business,
and now it is kept constantly busy turn-
ing out blank books and account books.
They do considerable handling of maga-
zines and periodicals. Two men are kept
on the road constantly and they have sev-
eral representatives in different cities of
the state. They employ forty men in the
establishment and pay out annually about
$23,000 in wages.
LEE'S IRON WORKS.
One of the oldest, if not the oldest, and
undoubtedly the largest iron works owned
by a private concern in Texas is that of
C. B. Lee & Co., at the corner of Winnie
and Thirty-second streets. The works
started in 1865, but the building they occu-
py was built In 1834 and moved to its pres-
ent location, when it was forty years old—
that is, in 1874, and it is still a good build-
ing for the purpose.
The plant occupies a half block oi. ground
and includes a foundry in which the furn-
ace is run every day; a whole floor of
patterns, including everything from a pat-
tern for a common boxing to those for big,
heavy compress machinery. And the ma-
chine shop, in which are ten lathes, rang-
ing from a small one to one taking iron
nine feet in diameter, three drill presses,
three planers, three pipe cutting machines,
several cranes, and other machinery neces-
sary in the handling of heavy iron. At
present the works are turning out the ma-
chinery for a new style of compress for
L. Reisle, which is to be put up in the
country. This plant will compress the cot-
ton direct from the gins and give a pres-
sure of 1200 tons on the bale. These works,
in all the time they have been operated,
have never turned away any job except in
one instance when a steamer broke her
shaft. A new shaft could have been made
here, but the material was not at hand
and it was found that it would have cost
as much to get it as to buy a new shaft
from New York, so this Job want to New
There are thirty men employed in the
plant, af»d these are paid $1800 a month.
The company is composed of C. B. Lee,
the founder, David Webber and Joshua
THE GALVESTON ROPE AND TWINE
The Galveston rope and twine factory
occupies a full half block on Winnie and
Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh streets.
The building is a large brick structure,
covering all the ground space indicated.
Arthur B. Homer, the president of the
company, first conceived the idea of im-
porting the hemp from Yucatan, making it
into rope and twine in Galveston, and sup-
plying the trade of Texas and the country
west of the Missouri with these articles.
Accordingly a company was organized with
a capital stock of $100,000, and the mill was
put in operation in 1891. The mill is now
shut down on account of the extreme de-
pression in the cordage business, but
stands ready to begin operations at almost
a day's notice. This factory is nearer the
raw material than other mills and can
turn out goods at a profit with lower prices
to the consumer. The capacity of the plant
is 120 spindles, turning out ten tons of rope
or five tons of binder twine daily. Provis-
ion has been made for doubling this. The
motive power is there, and all that will be
necessary will be the construction of more
warehouse room for the raw material and
The capital stock, as stated, is $100,000;
the bonds amount to $100,000. The plant is
worth $250,000. Between 80 and 100 people
are employed when the plant is in action.
The officers of the company are: Arthur
B. Homer, president; Henry A. Landes,
vice president; George Sealy, treasurer;
Arthur P. Homer, secretary.
R. H. JOHN.
R. H. John was the first trunk manufac-
turer in Texas who has continued in the
business without cessation since he estab-
lished himself here. He came to Galveston
eighteen years ago and opened a factory In
little room on Twenty-second street, now
used as a barber shop. The room was not
over 10x16 feet in size, and was one of the
smallest trunk factories ever started in the
United States. Good business methods and
strict attention to business necessitated the
enlargement of the plant, which has been
going on constantly all these years until
now Mr. John occupies three floors at No.
2218 Market street. He uses steam to run
his machines. He sends out thousands of
trunks annually and deals in leather goods,
such as satchels, sample cases, grips, nand-
bags and the like.
Mr. John's stock is kept on the second
floor of the building he occupies, he having
no ground floor for his salesroom. Each
of tne three floors is 100x12 feet in size.
The salesroom is packed from floor to ceil-
ing with the products of this factory, and
Includes trunks from the cheapest to the
best. He manufactures everything in the
trunk line and does an extensive repairing
On the floor above this is the working
shop, Where the machines are located. His
stock of lumber is kept on the roof of the
building, where it is dried and put in shape
for handling. In all Mr. John has a large
amount of capital invested, and annually
pays out many thousands of dollars for
wages and materials.
NEPTUNE ICE FACTORY.
The Neptune ice factory, of which C. B.
Lee is the lessee, is located at the corner
of avenue A and Eighteenth street. The
factory was established by a corporation
twelve years ago, when the manufacture
of ice was first begun in the south. It was
the first factory in Galveston, and at that
time used water from the bay, extracting
the salt and putting out a good quality of
ice. Since that time, however, artesian
water from the city wells has been used.
The plant is the invention of Mr. Lee.
Nearly everyone is familiar with the pro-
cess of ice making. The water to be
frozen is put into galvanized iron cans,
which are placed in a tank of water
through which pipes conveying the gas
which does the freezing are run. At the
end of twenty hours the cans are lifted,
the ice taken out and stored. The Neptune
Slant has a capacity of thirty tons per
ay. Sixteen men are employed in winter
and twenty-two in summer. Seven ice de-
livery wagons are run in summer.
The plant covers four lots, giving a
ground space of 193x120 feet. The building
includes, besides the ice plant, nine large
GALVESTON BROOM FACTORY.
J. N. Handy is the controlling element
in the Galveston broom company, which
operates at No. 1921 Strand. Mr. Handy
employs from five to eight men all the year
around and turns out several thousand
fine brooms annually. He has no inconsid-
erable country trade, though his business
is largely confined to Galveston wholesale
jobbers. Broom corn is an article that
is not over-produced, and at this season
of the year is hard to get. He goes for
the raw material as far away as St. Louis
and Oklahoma, but even then his supply
is often low. To meet the demand he in-
tends planting 100 acres of broom com
AMERICAN BISCUIT AND MFG. CO.
One of the thirty-four or thirty-five
cracker factories which the American bis-
cuit and manufacturing company owns
and operates in different cities of the
United States is located in Galveston. The
plant here is in charge of James Irwin. It
is a one-oven plant, but has a capacity of
fifty barrels of flour daily. Between thir-
ty-live and forty people are employed, to
whom is paid annually in the neighbor-
hood of $20,000. The annual sales amount
to $100,000, which is almost entirely to
Galveston and Houston jobbers and mer-
The factory was built seven and one-
half years ago by Galveston capitalists,
who ran it up to four years ago, when the
American biscuit and manufacturing com-
pany bought it.
The building is located at Nos. 2214 and
221G avenue A. It is a two-story brick
structure. The office end storage rooms
are on the ground floor, from which the
goods are loaded into the cars direct, the
track running along avenue A. The sec-
ond floor is devoted to the manufacturing
of biscuits and crackers.
The institution is one of the supports
of the city. It gives employment to a
considerable force of people who live here,
spend their money here and do their part
toward supporting the business of the
GALVESTON SHOW CASE COMPANY.
The Galveston show case company occu-
pies the whole second floor at the corner
of avenue A and Tremont street. C. Emme
is president of the company and J. Emme
secretary and treasurer. The 'business a
few months ago was reorganized and a
company formed. However, the establish-
ment has been in existence ten years, dur-
ing which time *a trade extending from
the western portion of Louisiana to points
Jn old Mexico has been established. The
management depends on the character of
its work for repeated orders, and orders
are repeated. All kinds of fine caftin<H
work is done, bar. saloon and bank fixtures
imade, and everything fine in the line of
woodwork is turned out from this factory.
Samples of their work are to be seen on
the streets of Galveston. Most of the
business houses here were built "before
show windows became fashionable. When
it was found necessary to have show win-
dows with which to attract trade, Galves-
ton merchants turned to their home peo-^
pie to have tlhe work done, and the Gal-"
veston show case company put in most of
them. From four to six people are con-
stantly employed. A large stock of show
cases is kept on hand for the trade.
SAGINA MANUFACTURING. CO.
The Sagina manufacturing company was
incorporated on October G last, with a cap-
ital stock of $20,000, for the manufacture of
the flesh-forming food for dyspeptics, Sa-
gina. The company also prepares Sagina
iron tablets and Palo Pinto salts. The iron
tablets are for the blood, nerves and com-
pletion. Palo Pinto salt is prepared by
evaporation from the natural waters of the
Palo Pinto well at Mineral Wells. This
Palo Pinto well is the moat important of
all at the health resort, and the salt ob-
tained from its waters Is found upon analy-
sis to be almost identical with the famous
Carlsbad sprudel salt. It is a remedy for
stomach, liver and intestinal disorders,
gout, diabetes and rheumatism. The com-
pany proposes putting in bath houses at
the Palo Pinto well and establishing the
reputation the place deserves. At present
the upper floors of the building in the rear
of J. J. Schott's drug store, at Nos. 2015-17
Market street, are being utilized for the
manufacture of these three medicines, but
as the company proposes extending its
operations shortly, the plant will have to
The officers of the company are J. J.
Schott, president; S. M. Burnett, secretary;
W'. A. Schuchard, manager. The directors
are J. J. Schott, W. A. Schuchard, L. S.
McKinney, W. R. Johnson and Heinrich
NATIONAL COTTON OIL COMPANY.
The National cotton oil company, which
is now operating mills at Texarkana, Den-
ison, Corslcana, Waco, Hearne, Houston
and Galveston, crushed at its Galveston
mill about 34,000 tons of cotton seed dur-
ing the year ending August 31, 1894, from
which it produced about 1500 bales of lint-
ers, 1,300,000 gallons of crude cotton seed
oil and 13,500 tons of cotton seed cake.
One-third of the latter was ground into cot-
ton seed meal; the other two-thirds of
the cotton seed cake was packed in sacks
and shipped abroad. Of the cotton seed
meal made, about 500 tons was sold to do-
mestic buyers and the balance, like the
cake, was shipped, to a foreign market.
Within the period named it paid out for
operating expenses, including labor and
repairs, about $136,000.
The Galveston mill was built in 1879 at
a cost of $250,000, and is complete and
thorough In every detail. The mill oc-
cupies a block of ground between Seven-
teenth and Eighteenth, avenue A and
Strand streets, and consists of solid brick
buildings, with gins located at the corner
of avenue A and Seventeenth street. The
mill employs 150 men. Mr. J. L. Kane,
vice president of the company, has charge
of the Galveston plant.
TEXAS ICE AND COLD STORAGE CO.
One of the old institutions of the city is
the Texas ice and storage company, whose
factory Is located on Twentieth street and
avenue A. The plant covers three lots,
one of which is occupied with the boilers.
The building proper is 85x120 feet in size
and two stories in height. The company
was organized in 18S8. with a capital stock
of $100,000. and in 1889 it was found neces-
sary to add another machine. The plant
now has an ice making capacity of forty
tons a day and the building has a storage
capacity of twenty-three carloads, fifteen
on the lower floor and eight on the sec-
ond. • Both departments of the institution
In season are used to their full capacity.
Water for the ice factory is secured from
three artesian wells, which are owned by
the company and are located on the prem-
ises. An average of twenty men are em-
ployed and six wagons in summer and four
in winter are used beside the large num-
ber of grocers, meat markets and other in-
stitutions that have their own wagons and
go to the factory for ice.
B. Adoue is president; Charles Fowler,
vice president; C. W. C. Ansell, secretarv
and treasurer. These, with Louis P. Hart
and R. W. Hopkins, constitute the board
SHEET METAL WORKS.
A few months ago the manager and fore-
man of the Galveston tinware company
leased the plant and are now operating at
avenue A and Twenty-third street. These
gentlemen are Tom Keats, an old railroad
man who counts friends in every section
of Texas, and W. G. Frederichs, likewise a
popular man. They have an abundance of
machinery and are making a specialty of
ccrnice work at present, referring to some
of the finest jobs in the city as samples of
what they can do. Ten men are employed.
The plant ha3 a capacity of 10,000 tin cans
a day, but the cheap labor of the north
makes competition unequal, so that noth-
ing but oyster cans are made at present.
The firm can make anything of sheet metal
and do it well.
HILDENBRAND'S PLANING MILL.
C. Hildenbrand & Co.'s planing mill was
established In Galveston over twenty years
ago. The senior member of the firm re-
tired In 1883 and the business was con-
tinued. It has grown wonderfully. They
now operate a planing mill 100x120 feet In
size and two stories in height and this
is filled with wood working machinery and
a stock of the finished product. Every-
thing from a planed pine board to fine
stalrwork is turned out in these mills.
Twenty-five men are employed. The plant
is located at Twenty-seventh and Church
Miller Bros, are manufacturers of pants,,,
shirts, overalls, jumpers and like goods, at
No. 2219 Mechanic street. They occupy two
floors with their factory and store room,
each of which is 20 by 80 feet in size. The
pround floor is utilized with the manu-
factured product and rubber goods for
which they are agents. They carry about
the largest stock of these goods of any
firm in Texas. Twelve pekyple are em-
oloved in the factory, and two men are
kept on the road in Texas and along the
Louisiana coast country. The br«J,hej-s
established the business here twenty years
ago and have constantly progressed until
they have an excellent business. They
are genial men and number a host of
OLEANDER VINEGAR AND PICKLE
The firm of Gust. Feist & Co. was incor-
porated a year ago last October with Gust.
Feist as president and Gus. G. Dreyfus as
secretary and treasurer. The factory and
store rooms are located at Nos. 2509-11
Strand, but in addition to this the company
has a salt house in which a goodly portion
of its goods are stored.
In the building on the Strand "the com-
pany .occupies two wide floors. One part
is piled high with condiments, inqluding
the finest chow-chow, sweet pickles,
pickled cauliflower and onions, catsups,
pepper and Worcestershire sauces, includ-
ing the hottest of all, tabasco.. In the
rear of this is the office and on the west
side is a portion of the factory, the remain-
der being up stairs. The company employs
seven men and boys and from ten to fif-
teen girls in the factory, and keeps three
men on the road. The plant has a capacity
of 100 barrels of vinegar a day.
GALVESTON IRON WORKS.
Mr. P. Walsh Is one of the oldest iron
manufacturers in Galveston. He came here
in 1871 and began business against three
competitors. He has since Introduced to
his customers a partner, Mr. L. F. Cleary,
who is a thorough-going young man and
one who understands his business.
The plant of Walsh & Cleary is located
on Bath avenue, between Strand and Me-
chanic. On the outside it looks like all
iron works, but the inside is a scene of
activity, for these gentlemen are constant-
ly turning out some high-grade work.
Much of. the iron structural and archi-
tectural work on the big buildings of Gal-
veston was made by them, notably of
which is the cotton exchange. They em-
ploy on an average of fifteen men, to
whom they pay $800 a month. They are
iron and brass founders and machinists
and make pretty nearly everything ex-
cept boilers and engines.
FORDTRAN BROS.' PLANING MILL.
J. S. Fordtran and E. H. Fordtran, jr.,
have just put the machinery of a new
planing mill in motion at the corner of
avenue I and Forty-fourth street. They
have every facility for turning out first-
class articles in the lines of sash, doors,
moldings, wood carving, scroll work, fancy
wood work, stalrwork and everything that
Is usually done with wood in a building.
They propose also to build ' cisterns.
Every article of their machinery, from the
50-horse power engine to the sandpapering
machine, is perfectly new, having been
placed only within the past thirty days at
a cost of $10,000. There are twenty-five ma-
chines in all. The mill and lumber yard—
they will deal in cypress lumber exclusively
—occupy a quarter of a block of ground.
Seven men are employed at present.
Sass & Cohen have a large manufactur-
ing establishment at No. 2317-19 Strand, em-
ploying from eighty to ninety hands, ac-
cording to the demand, and using fifty ma-
chines. The capacity of the factory is 100
dozen pants daily. Men's, boys' and chil-
dren's clothing, shirts, overalls and pretty
nearly everything that a man wears, ex-
cept haberdashery, is turned out from this
establishment. They make all grades, too,
from the cheapest to the finest. Five men
are kept on the road, and the trade em-
braces Texas, Indian territory, Louisiana,
Arizona and New Mexico. Sass & Cohen
started in business in Galveston six years
ago and have, by push, energy and enter-
prise, worked up an excellent business that
is constantly broadening.
C. F. Rhode & Co. of No. 2005 Postoffice
street make some of the best cigars put
upon the Galveston market. They employ
eight men constantly and turn out during
the year close to 400,000 cigars. The factory
includes two floors. The front of the first
floor is occupied with a retail store, and
in the rear of this are a part of the cigar-
makers. The upper floor Is also occupied
with cigarmakers and the leaf tobacco is
kept on this floor.
Mr. Rhode, the head of the firm, has
been engaged in the tobacco business in
Galveston since 1852, and has, by fair deal-
ing and honest methods, secured a good,
steady trade and is prosperous.
The Galveston cistern manufacturing
company (successors to J. B. Walker &
Co.), under the management of 'Mr. Henry
Ruenbuhl, is one of the largest cistern
building companies in the state. Mr.
Ruenbuhl Is a practical builder himself,
and by first-class work has established a
•big business in his line. The plant is lo-
cated at the corner of Twenty-eighth and
Market streets. It includes all the neces-
sary machinery for putting the lumber in
shape for the cisterns. The machinery is
operated 'by steam. A large force of men
is employed in the plant and in putting
in the cisterns w'here contracted for.
GALVESTON FRUIT COMPANY.
The Galveston fruit company occupies
two floors, 125 by 150 feet in size, of the
largo building at the corner of Mechanic
and Twenty-fifth streets. The lower floor
is devoted: to wholesale groceries and
fruits, but the upper floor is used entirely
in the manufacture of candy. The com-
pany employs the vacuum process and
turns out about 10,000 pounds of stick
candy a day. This process was introduced
in March of 1893. A large force of people
are employed in the establishment. Peter
A. Lang is president, Julius Markowitz
vice president and I. Markowitz secretary
RATTO'S CANDY FACTORY.
T. Rat'to, the grocer, confectioner and
fruit dealer at No. 2305-11 Strand, is also
a manufacturer of candy and one of the
oldest In the state. He began the busi-
ness twenty-five years ago and now has
a plant with a capacity of ten thous-
and pounds of sweetmeats daily.
In his entire establishment he employs
fifteen men and keeps four salesmen on
the road all the year around. The mar-
ket for his candy is almost exclusively
in Texas, though his other goods go to a
much wider territory, including parts of
Louisiana, New Mexico and the Indian
RUBBER STAMP FACTORY.
There are quite a number of rubber
stamp factories in Texas and that of J. V.
Love at No. 2225 Strand, upstairs, is the
largest of them all. IHe has pushed his
business into nearly every section of the
state, sometimes infringing on the territory
of his competitors. IHe does excellent work,
keeps a large stock of stamps, stencils,
seal.?, brass checks, rubber type, dating and
bank stamps, wax seals, brushes and ink
for the general trade. He has been in
Galveston twenty years, buying out the
business seven years ago, which had been
established since 1866.
SOUTHERN ©HOW CASE WORKS.
F. Cranz, proprietor of the Southern
show case works at Twenty-fourth and
Strand, has a splendid business, both In
Galveston and in the towns of Texas and
western Louisiana. He is himself a first-
class workman, having devoted upwards of
forty years to the 'business. He employs
from two to three men, who, Avith himself,
are kept constantly at work turning out
show eases, cabinets and bar, saloon and
store fixtures, all of which are first-class
and include all qualities, from the plainest
to the ridhetft. The works take up the
whole building at the corner.
GEORGE P. WERNER.
When George P. Werner started in busi-
ness in 1879 he had a day's wages coming
from his former employer. He got several
small jobs and grew until now he owns a
cornice, slate and tin roofing establishment
at Seventeenth and Winnie streets, and
employs on an average of from eight to ten
men. The cornice work and roofing of
many of the finest residences in the city
is the handiwork of Mr. Werner.
Wlsrodt Bros., at Nos. 2314-16 Market
street,/have, in connection with their hard-
war^ 'establishment, an extensive galvan-
ized j iron, cornice and slat roofing plant,
employing from twelve to eighteen men, as
business demands. Besides work on sev-
eral of Galveston's business houses and
fine residences, they have an excellent
trade in the towns tributary to the city.
Rickcr, Lee & Co., the paving contract-
ors, occupy a whole block between Forty-
fourth and Forty-fifth, Postoffice and Mar-
ket streets, with works for ereosoting the
paving blocks now being put down in the
streets of Galveston. They employ 300
men. The works will be discontinued when
the contract is finished, they having been
constructed solely for that purpose.
STORE AND BAR FIXTURES.
Charles Neuwiller is a manufacturer of
office, store and bar fixtures, at Mechanic
and Twentieth streets, and does an excel-
lent business, having a large trade in the
interior, where his eminently satisfactory
work has won him many friends. He keeps
three men constantly employed.
GALVESTON WEATHER FOR 1894.
Summary of Temperature and Rainfall for
the Past Year.
The following summary of the tempera-
ture and rainfall qt Galveston during the
past year has been prepared by Dr. 1. M.
Clir.e, local forecast official, weather
Temperature: The year openel with
temperature about normal, and was fol-
lowed by an excess from January 2 to
January 23, when the coldest weather
which has been experienced sincc 18S6 oc-
curred. The temperature was decidedly
below normal during the last docade of
January, but for the entire month it
averaged nearly 6 degrees daily above
the normal. In February the temperature
was above the normal during the first
decade, but was considerably below dur-
ing the remainder of the month. For the
month it averaged 4 degrees below the
normal. In March the temperature was
above normal during the first anil second
decades, and below during the third de-
cade. It averaged for the month about
I degree daily above the normal. During
April and May the temperature was uni-
formly near the normal, but generally a
few degrees above. It averaged about 2
degrees above the daily normal during
April and 1 degree above during May. The
temperature was below the normal every
day in June, and the deficiency averaged
3 degrees daily. In July an unusually
warm wave swept over the state from
the first to the third. The maximum
temperature reached 97 on the second,
which is the highest ever recorded in
the first decade of July. The high tem-
perature in this instance appeared as a
general hot wave over the country east
of the Rocky mountains, and the unusual
warmth was apparently of dynamic origin.
After July 3 the temperature was about
normal or below to August 31. The de-
ficiency in July averaged about 3 degrees
daily, and nearly the same amount in
August. During September, October and
November the temperature was about nor-
mal, except that there was a deficiency
which averaged nearly 3 degrees daily
during the first and second decades of
November. In September and October the
daily excess amounted to about 2 de-
grees. In December there was an excess
which averaged about 3 degrees daily
until the twenty-fifth, inclusive (the dally
excess on the 24th and 25th was 12 de-
grees). December this year has given
some unusual weather conditions for that
month. The maximum temperature for
the month, 77, is the highest ever recorded
in December. The minimum temperature,
21, which occurred on the 28th. Is the
lowest temperature recorded in any month
since January, 1886 (In about nine years),
when the lowest temperature on record,
II degrees, occurred. The temperature
has only fallen below 21 once In Decem-
ber, and on that occasion the thermometer
fell to 18 degrees, the second lowest tem-
perature on record at this place, which
occurred December 29, 18S0. The tem-
perature for the year varies but slightly
from the normal.
The table given below shows for each
month the mean, highest and lowest tem-
perature and the total rainfall and the
number of days on which rain fell for
1894— Mean. High. Low. Ain't, days.
January 58.0 72 24 2.41 11
February .... 53.5 75 28 2.69 11
March 63.2 76 3S 1.96 8
April 71.8 80 58 1.42 6
May 77.0 88 62 1.00 2
June 78.6 87 64 9.89 12
July 81.3 97 69 6.32 12
August 80.2 92 70 9.49 19
September ... 80.0 88 68 2.64 9
October 74.4 87 -19 .51 4
November ... 63.8 79 41 1.59 4
December ... 58.8 7 7 21 .69 6
Year 70.0 97 21 40.61 104
The rainfall for the past year has been
deficient in every month except June, July
and August, and for the year is 11.17 inches
below the normal. The deficiency was
generally 1.00 to 1.50 inches until May,
when it was 3.30 inches. The deficiency
in September and October aggregated 8.88
inches and that for November and De-
cember aggregated 6.92 inches, which
shows a deficiency during the past four
months of 15.80 inches.
June, July and August had a marked ex-
cess in rainfall. The rainfall for June this
year, 9.89 inches, is 4.71 Inches above the
average (5.18 inches) for twenty-four years.
This amount has only been exceeded in
one previous year in the month of June;
in 1871 there was 11.89 inches in this month.
In July the rainfall, ti.32 Inches, is 3.21
inches above the average (3.11 inches) for
twenty-four years. This rainfall has only
been exceeded in July In three previous
years. In 1873 there was 6.83 inches; in
1874 there was 9.30 inches, and in 1878 the
amount was 7.70 Inches. In August the
rainfall was 9.46 inches, which Is 3.88 Inches
above the average (5.58 inches) for twenty-
four years. This amount has been ex-
ceeded In three previous years in August.
In 1876 the rainfall in August amounted to
10.19 inches; in 1882 it was 9.45 Inches, an«1
in 1888 it reached the maximum for the
month, 14.46 inches. In taking the aggre-
gate for the months of June, July and Au-
gust it is found that 25.67 inches have
fallen in this year, which has only been
exceeded In one year (1888), when the
amount reached 25.77 inc hes, only .10 of an
inch more than has fallen during the pres-
ent year. In 1888 the rainfall was not
nearly so evenly distributed through the
different months as has been the case
this year, as July, 1888, had only 1.54 inches,
and the season gained its excess through
the heavy rainfall in August.
The following table shows the rainfall
for June, July and August for all years:
Year— June. July. Aug. months.
187 1 11.89 2.36 4.32 18.81
187 2 3.39 .34 2.63 r.,36
187 3 8.61 6.83 8.04 23.48
187 4 1.68 9.30 7.19 18.17
1875.... 89 1.11 G.15 8.15
1876 2.63 3.22 10.19 16.01
187 7 2.68 1.89 1.27 5.84
187 8 3.47 7.70 7.58 18.75
187 9 1.96 3.09 7.18 12.23
1880 8.33 2.48 1.62 12.43
188 1 03 4.92 5.98 10.93
188 2 6.16 4.31 9.85 20.35
188 3 1.04 1.38 1.09 3.51
188 4 6.84 1.16 1.77 9.77
188 5 3.28 2.20 1.74 7.22
188 6 6.19 1.20 2.17 9.86
188 7 8.28 1.62 6.43 15.33
188 8 9.77 1.54 14.46 25.77
188 9 4.19 .75 5.11 10.65
189 0 7.42 1.82 5.09 11.33
189 1 3.02 4.31 4.01 11.84
m2 4.26 1.50 5.29 10.55
1893 7.45 2.98 5.02 15.43
1891 9.89 6.32 9.46 25.67
Total 124.45 74.61 133.91 333.00
Means 5.18 3.11 5.58 13.88
Rain has fallen during the year on 104
days, which is only 5 days below the
average number. Forty-one of these rainy
days were, however, in June, July and Au-
The average number of rainy days in
. That our wonderful rcmodv "MOTHERS
f FRIEND," which piakes child-birth oi\»y may
fr be within the rc&ch t»f all wo huro reduced the
\ price to One Hollar prr bottl.. Beware of
[ frauds, counterfeits and bubtstitutes.
[ TAKE NOTHING BUT
. . . SOLD BY ALL DRUGCtlftTS.
. I3TWrlto for book "TO MOTHERS" mailed
f freo. TIIE URADFIRLH itr.tlfLATOU CO.,
[ Hole Proprietor*. Atlanta, Co.
June is 8%; July, 9; and August 30. Dur-
ing the past 24 years the number of rainy
days has been below the average in twelve
years, and above in the other twelve. In
July the number of rainy days has been
below the average in 9 years and above in
12 years, while it has been normal in 3.
In August the number of rainy days has
been below the average in 11 years, above
in 9 years, and the average in the others.
The greatest number of rainy days in
June was in 1880, when rain fell on 16
days. The greatest number of rainy days
in July was In 1882, when rain fell on 17
days. This year has broken the record
for August with 19 days of rain, which
is one day greater than in any previous
year, which was 18 in 1882. in June the
number of days with rain has been greater
than this year in 1873, 1876, 1878, 1880 and
1892. In July the number of days with rain
has exceeded the present year in 1874, 1878,
1881 and 1882. Taking the months of June,
July and August together, there has only
been one season with a greater number of
days with rain, and that was ls7S, which
had 42 days with rain, while the same
three months in this year have fallen one
below this, coming out with 41.
The table covering the three months
named is as follows:
Year— June. July. Aug months.
187 1 6 6 10 22
187 2 9 5 9 23
187 3 13 12 10 35
187 4 7 14 7 28
187 5 5 10 9 24
187 6 11 8 11 30
187 7 5 11 7 23
187 8 11 14 17 42
187 9 5 7 11 23
188 0 16 13 8 32
188 1 2 12 10 24
18S2 4 17 18 39
188 3 10 5 8 23
188 4 9 4 7 20
1885 5 9 7 21
188 6 10 7 7 24
188 7 8 10 12 30
188 8 10 6 13 29
18S9 9 3 10 22
189 0 5 9 13 27
189 1 7 9 6 22
189 2 12 11 8 31
1893... 8 8 11 27
1891 10 12 19 41
Total 207 222 248 677
Mean 8% 9 10 9'i
Karl's Clover Root, the great blood puri-
fier, gives 'freshness and clearness to the
complexion and cures constipation, 25 cts.,
50 cts., $1. Sold by J. J. Schott, Galveston.
Brinrrs comfort and improvement and
tends to personal enjoyment when
rightly used, "l !"* many, who live bet-
ter than others and enjoy life more, with
ies3 expenditure, by more promptly
adapting the world's best products to
the needs of physical being, will attest
the value to health of the pure liquid
laxative principles embraced in the
remedy, Syrup of Figs.
Its excellence is due to its presenting
in the form most acceptable and pleas-
ant to the taste, the refreshing and truly
beneficial properties of a perfect lax-
ative ; effectually cleansing the system,
dispelling colds, headaches and fevers
and permanently curing constipation.
It has given satisfaction to millions and
met with the approval of the medical
profession, because it acts on the Kid-
neys, Liver and Bowels without weak-
ening them and it is perfectly free from
every objectionable substance.
Syrup of Figs is for sale by all drug-
gists in 50c and *1 bottles, but it is man-
ufactured by the California Fig Syrup
Co. only, whose name is printed on every
package, also the name, Syrup of Figs,
and being well informed, you will not
accept any substitute if offered.
Epilepsy. . .
THE USE OF
THE EXTRACT OF THE SPINAL CORD OF THE OX,
PREPARED UNDER THE FORMULA OF
Br. WM. A. HAMMOND,
IN HIS LABORATORY AT WASHINGTON, D. C.
Dose: 5 Drops, Price, 3 Drachms, $1.00
Columbia Chemical Co.,
WASHINGTON, D. C.
send for oook. 112
or BLOOD POISON •»--
JDXSEjR.B3SS or th( ELOSQ
Treatise on Diseases of thft Blood Mailed Free.
Adcrc3c, DURANO JAQUETT, Man.. Philad'A.
FOtt SALE BY
J. .1. SCHOTT. Galveston.
We ofTor Single and Double Thick Glass in
all sizes ut bottom prices for prompt ship-
Handling gla^s only in car lots direct from
the factories wo aro enabled to make deliv-
eries here froo from breakage ami in best
SEMI-ANNUAL STATEMENT OF THE
Savings and Loan Company, June -3, 1894,
to December 20, 1891.
Loans on real estate,
®tc $175,214 %
Interest (accrued unpaid) 574 33
Furniture and fixtures. 341 40
Cash balance in bank... 4,907 79—$181,038 48
Capital stock (1500
shares) $150,000 00
Surplus 3,000 00
Bills payable and per-
sonal accounts 3,199 00
Taxes (unpaid) 199 7»»
Dividends (unpaid) 332 00
Unaccrued interest 19,915 19
Prollt and loss (net
gain for six months).. <1.392 53—$181,038 18
WM. SELKIRK, Secretary,
(Signed) EDWIN BRUCE,
(Signed) ALEX EASTON,
A dividend of 4 per cent for the past six
months has been declared, payable on and
after January 7, 1895.
WM. SELKIRK, Secretary.
NOTICE--THE ANNUAL M13KTIN-; 0F
stockholders of the Southern Cotton Press
and Manufacturing- Company will be held
at the oflice of Shippers' press on Tues-
day, January 8, 1S95, at 2 p. m., for the
election of seven directors and the con-
sideration of such other business as may
be submitted. WM. C. OGILVY,
NOTICE—HAVING P U RCH ASED TH E
interest of Mr. A. J. Perkins in the firm
of A. J. Perkins & Co., we will continue
the lumber business under the firm name
of Moore & Goodman at same location,
corner 27th and Strand.
All liabilities and assets of the old lirm
will be assumed by us.
We thank the general public for their
past patronage and hope to receive a con-
tinuation of same.
MOORE & GOODMAN.
FIRST NATIONAL BANK, GALVES-
ton, Texas, December 29, 1894. At a meet-
ing of the board of directors, held this
day, a semi-annual dividend of six (6) per
cent was declared, payable on and after
January 10, 1895, to stockholders of record
as such December 31, 1894.
W. N. STOWE, Cashier.
NOTICE TO STOCK IIOLDERS-THE
Annual .Meeting of the Stockholders of the
Galveston Wharf Company for the pur-
pose of electing directors to serve for the
ensuing year will be held at the company's
oflice in Galveston on
MONDAY, JANUARY 7, 1895,
at 11 o'clock a. m. JNO. E. BAILY,
NOTICE—THE AMERICAN NATIONAL
Bank, located at Galveston, in the State of
Texas, Is closing up its affairs. All note
holders and others, creditors of said Asso-
ciation, are therefore hereby notified to
present the notes and other claims against
the association for payment.
Dated December 19, 1891.
OFFICE OF CITIZEN'S LOAN CO.,
Galveston, Dec. 29, 1894.—A dividend of 3'/2
per cent on the stock of this company has
been declared, payable on and after Jan-
uary 15, 1895, at the office of the company.
New York Stockholders will be paid their
dividend at the office of L. M. Hornthal,
W. F. BEERS, Secretary.
meeting of the stockholders of the Galves-
ton Bagging & Cordage Co. will be held
at the company's office, Twenty-first and
Strand, on Tuesday, January 8, 1895, at 11
a. m., for the purpose of electing five
directors and for the transaction of such
other business as may come before the
W. L. DAVIS, JR., Secretary.
TEXAS LAND AND LOAN COM PAN Y-
Notlce of Dividend—-At a meeting of the
directors, held on the 20th instant, a semi-
annual dividend of 3 per cent was declared,
payable on and after January 8, 1895 to
stockholders of record this day.
J. P. ALVEY,
General Manager and Secretary.
DIVIDEND NOTICE—THE BOARD OF
directors of the Galveston National Bank
have declared a semi-annual dividend of 4
per cent, payable on and after January 8,
T. J. CROCE, President.
TEXAS GUARANTEE AND TRUST
Company—Dividend Notice—At a meeting
of the directors of this company, held on
the 29th instant, a semi-annual dividend
of 4 per cent was declared, payable on
and after January 5, 1895, to stockholders
of record this day. J. P. ALVEY,
NOTICE-ON DECEMBER 24, 1891, GIJS-
tave Block and Gabriel Block, composing
the firm of G. Block & Co., executed to
me a general assignment of all of their
assets for the benefit of nil of their cred-
itors who will accept thdr proportional
share of said assigners' estate and dis-
charge the said assigners from their re-
spective claims; and this Is to srive notice
of my appointment as assignee in said as-
signment. LEOPOLD WEIS,
Galveston, Tex., Dec. 29, 1891.
The Finest Cook-
ers. The Grtatert
At $23 and $25 has no
equal. Saves your
time and savos your
money. All ordorsov
be left at the office
of the company. 2421
Marketst. Tub Gal-
veston Gas Co.
Sec. and Treat.
THE STATE OF TEXAS, County of Gal-
veston—In County Court, January Term,
1895—No. 24711—An application being filed in
said county court by Charles A. Schroeder,
administrator of the estate of Anton Zum-
buhl, deceased, for leave to resign as such
administrator and has accompanied the
same by an exhibit and an account for
final settelement thereof, notice is hereby
given to all persons interested in the es-
tate of said Anton Zumbuhl, deceased, to
file their objections thereto, If any they
have, on or before the January term of
said court, to be begun and held at the
court house of said county, on the third
Monday of January, A. D. 1895, when said
application will be considered by said
In witness whereof 1, Geo. H. Law, Jr.,
Clerk of the County Court of Galveston
county, hereto subscribe my name and af-
fix the seal of said court this the 24th day
of December, A. D. 1894.
(Seal.) GEO. H. LAW, JR.,
Clerk County Court, Galveston Co.
A true copy, I certify,
Sheriff of Galveston Co.,
By W. H. CASK IE,
Marmaduke Military Institute.
The Great Military School of the West.
Now cadets recoived and now classes organized
after Christmas vacation. January 4, 1895.
For illustrated catalogue address
Swoot Springs, Mo.
Bids will be received until December 31,1894.
for tho excavation of about
7900 YARDS OF EARTH
at Toxas City, for the American Dry Dock Com-
1500 Brls Best Portland Cement,
delivered nt Texas City.
Work on excavation to begin within ten days
aft«*r the contract is entered into.
Plana can bo seen at No. 524 Tremont street,
AMERICAN DRY DOCK CO.
THE STATE OF TEXAS-To all persons
interested in the state of Caroline Keough,
deceased: Charles A.Schroeder,administrat-
or of the estate of said Caroline Keough,
deeoas'd, has filed in the county court of
Galveston county his final account of the
condition of said estate, together with an
application to be discharged as adminis-
trator thereof, which will be heard by our
said court on the third Monday in Janu-
ary, A. 1). 1895. same being the twenty-first
day of January, A. D. 1895, at the court
house of said Galveston county, In the city
of Galveston, Texas, at which time and
place all persons interested in said estate
are required to appear and contest said
final account and application, If they see
Witness, Geo. H. Law, Jr., clerk of the
county court of Galveston county.
Given under my hand and the seal of
said court at my office in Galveston, Tex-
as. on this the 24th day of December, A. D.
(Seal.) GEO. H. LAW, JR., Clerk,
County Court of Galveston County, Tex«
A true copy, I certify.
Sheriff of Galveston County,
By W. H. CASK IE,
0 BUSINESS HOUSES.
J. S. Brown Hardware Co., 2226-28 Strand.
W. F. Stewart, Guns and Sporting Goods.
ARCHITECTS 4 SUPERINTENDENTS.
.. ... ........ -207 ]
W. H. Tyndall,
ASBESTOS AND ROOFING MATERIAL.
G. H. Henchman, 2420 Mechanic street.
C. W. Huljrer, 2207 Postoffice street.
"" F. A. I. A., 2107 Market It.
Fritter & Rogers, 2210 Postoffice street.
Penland & Breath, 21st and Strand.
Galv. Barrel Factory. Mm. Buchan, Propr.
BOOTS AND SHOES.
Marx & Blum, 2325-27 Mechanic, cor. 24tll.
Penland & Breath, 2206-8 Strand.
Anheuser-Buscfa Bg. Assn..B.H.Peters.Mgr.
L»mp Bg. Co.. H'ni. G. H. Janssen, Mgr.
•Magnolia Brew'g Co., C. Nlcollnl, Agt,
G-alveston Cistern Mfg. Co., 28th and Mkt.
Win. Schadt, corner 28th & Mechanic sts.
CEMENT DEALERS AND IMPORTERS.
G. H. Henchmen. 2420 Mechanic street.
Wm. Parr & Co., 2102 Strand.
W. H. Pollard & Co., Brick Levee.
Fowler d McVltle, Cotton Exchange Bld'g.
C. J. McRae, opposite News office.
M. M. Levy & Co., mfrs' ages, and brokers.
Ayers, Gardner & Co.. 110-112 22d street.
Hamilton Produce & Com. Co., 21st & Strd.
Ivirkwood & Leeb, 2106 Strand.
T. Rtttto, Fruits, Produce & Comm'n Mcht.
J. W. Byrnes & Co., Roofing and Paving.
Gust Heye & Co.. 22d and Mechanic.
Galveston Grain Elevator. Pier 14.
Tex. Star Flour Mills, ne. cor, 21st & av. A.
GRAIN AND HAY DEALERS.
R. W. Wolston & Co., 2424 Strand.
Jake Davis & Co., Mechanic and 21st,
Wallis, Landes & Co., 2409-11 Strand.
Beers, Kentson & Co., 2010 Strand.
Chas. It. lirown, 22d, bet. Strand fr Mech.
C. M. Guinard & Co., 22d and Mechanic,
Mason & Beall, Tremont and Strand.
Jus. E. Quin & Co., 21st and Mechanic.
Geo. Sampson, life insurance, 2222 Strand.
John A. Stubbs, s.e. cor. 22d and Mechanic.
LIQUORS, WINES AND CIGARS.
Mayor, Kahn Freiberg, 2123-25 Strand.
George Schneider & Co., 2306 Strand.
LIVE STOCK COMMISSION.
Borden & Borden, Live Stock Co., 58th Mkt
A. 1'. Norman, 58tli and Market streets.
MILLINERY AND FANCY GOODS.
J. Rosenfleld & Co., 2215-17 Strand.
PAINTS AND OILS.
Rice, Baulard & Co., 215 Tremont st.
Win. Schadt, corner 28th and lJechanlc ats.
PICKLES^ CATSUPS AND SAUCES.
Melster Bros., Acme Vinegar & Pickle Wks
Wm. Parr & Co., 2102 Strand.
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS.
Wm. Schadt, wholesale & retail, 2801 Mech.
William Cooper & Nephews, 2102 Strand.
T. L. Cross & Co., 2101 Strand.
SHOW CASE MANUFACTURERS.
Galveston Show Case Co., 23d and Ave. A.
Southern Show Case Works, 2327 Strand.
STEAMSHIP AGENTS AND BROKERS.
Fowler & McVltle, Cotton Exchange Bld'g.
Wm. 1 »arr & Co.. 2102 Strand.
Melster Bros., Acme Vinegar &JPlckle Wk3
WOOD MANTELS, GRATES AND TILES.
Wm. Schadt, corner 28th and Mechanic Bts.
ESTABLISHKD IN 1841.
THE MERCANTILE AGENCY
R. G. DUN & CO.
For the protection and promotion of trade.
Gl£ORGE HENDERSON, STATE MGR.
Pitftrictof Southern Texas and New Mexico
Galveston, Tux,; Uaiveatou, Houston and San
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 284, Ed. 1 Tuesday, January 1, 1895, newspaper, January 1, 1895; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth465778/m1/3/: accessed July 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.