The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 299, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 16, 1895 Page: 2 of 10
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, WEDNESDAY. JANUARY 1«, 1895.
Casimir - Perier, President of
French Republic, Tenders
All Efforts to Induce Him to Reconsider His
Action Come to Naught—Fore-
casted by the Fress
Paris, Jan. 13.—It was announced this
evening: that M. Casimir-Perier, president
of the French republic, hud resigned his
During the evening he conferred with
the president of the senate and then sum-
moned M. Guerin, minister of justice; M.
L. Eques, minister of public instruction;
M. Polnacarre, minister of finance, and
the prefect of the Seine.
M. Leques had a long conversation with
the president, the result of which is not
The second official note was issued at 11
o'clock to-night announcing the resignation
of the president and forecasting the ideas
he intends to develop in his farewell ad-
dress to the chamber of deputies. The note
says that in the eyes of the president yes-
terday's sitting in the chamber and the
vote which overthrew the cabinet were
only secondary incidents of the struggle
which is proceeding against the parliamen-
tary regime and public liberties.
M. Casimir-Perier had hoped that the
president of ..he republic, who is deprived
of means of action, would have been ex-
empted from party attacks and the polit-
ical confidence of the republicans would
have accorded him power and authority.
He had also hoped that those who had
placed him in a position where he was un-
able to defend himself would have under-
taken the defense of the first magistrate.
Continuing, the note says that the pres-
ident has requested the ministers to tem-
porarily withdraw their resignations in
order to facilitate the necessary changes.
Prime Minister Dupuy imparted Presi-
dent Clsimir-Perier's decision to the pres-
idents of the senate and chamber of dep-
uties, who will forthwith call urgency sit-
tings of their bodies.
The greatest perplexity reigns in all po-
litical centers. During the afternoon it
had been remarked, not without surprise
in t'he lobbies of the Palais Bourbon, that
the crisis was not following the customary
course, but appeared to be assuming a
graver aspect than usual.
When the facts 'became known, conster-
nation, amounting almost to stupor, seized
upon every one. There had been hints in
the press in recent days that M. Casimir-
Perier was growing tired of his position,
yet nobody paid attention to them. The
.high character, experience, firmness and
integrity of the president inspired the
confidence of even the advanced repub-
The conference which M. Casimir-Perier
had Wilth M. Challemel Lacour, president
of the senate, is now explained. He had
already resolved to resign.
M. Challemel Lacour employed his ut-
•most eloquence in vain endavor to per-
suade the president to reconsider his de-
cision, and quitted the palace of the Elysee
under a deep sense of distress.
All the members of the cabinet from
Prime Minister Dupuy down followed
Challemel Lacour and exhausted every
argument to induce Casimir-Perier not to
resign, but without success.
Dupuy again visited the palace later in
the evening and was closeted with the
president for forty-live minutes, urging
every possible inducement and appealing
to every partiotic sentiment, but in vain.
After him came M. Spuller. whose elo-
quence, it will be remembered, overcome
on former occasions Casimir-Peiier's scru-
ples to accept the position of prime min-
ister. All the president would concede to
his appeals was to delay the publication
of his intention until to-night. As Dupuy
and Spuller were leaving the palace of the
Mlysee together they met in the corridor
the president's mother, who is 80 years
old. They begged her to entreat her son
to remain in office, and she promised that
she would do her utmost. It is stated
that the interview between mother ami
son was very affeeing. Nevertheless at
I) o'clock Casimir-Perier sent a short let-
ter to Dupuy. informing him that his de-
cision was irrevocable, and begging him
to notify the presidents of the senate
«nd chamber of deputies and to announce
the fact in the official journal.
Dupuy accepted the task thus imposed
cn him, and as on the occasion of the
death of M. Carnot. finds himself again
intrusted with the transmission of powers
involving difficulties of every description,
arising from the unexpected position of af-
fairs. He seemed to be completely over-
Whelmed with the sense of his responsi-
bilities, but shortly recovered, and with
The energy and coolness that he displayed
on the occasion of the assassination of
M. Carnot, he proceeded to take the steps
which the occasion demanded.
After Interviews of the prefect of the
Seine and the prefect of police with the
president, they received from M, Dupuy
instructions regarding the course to be fol-
2owed during the crisis.
The following is the text of the article
and of the constitution relating to change
in the presidency:
Article 1. The president of the republic
is elected by an absolute majority of the
suffrages of the senate and chamber of
deputies in national assembly. He is ap-
pointed fir seven years and is eligible to
Article 7 provides that in case of a vaca-
tion of the office through death or other
cause, the national assembly shall proceed
forthwith to elect a president. In the in-
terval the ' ouncil of ministers is invested
with executive power. The national assem-
bly being merely an electoral college, all
discussion therein is prohibited.
The report of the resignation became
known generally at 11 o'clock, but was
universally discredited and a general move-
ment was made toward the newspaper
offices with a view of learning the truth.
Very soon the papers exhibited lantern
transparencies of official bulletins. Even
then many refused to believe that it was
possible. Finally, they became convinced
that the president had really retired, and
assembled in groups to discuss the chances
of those who would be named to succeed
THE NEWS IN WASHINGTON.
Washington, Jan. 15.—Diplomatic circles
were astonished to-night by news of the
resignation of President Casimir-Perier of
France. So unexpected was the announce-
ment, which was first conveyed to them
through the Associated Press, that many
officials were not inclined to believe It.
Neither Secretary of State Gresham, the
French ambassador nor many of the for-
eign legations had any intimation of such
a thing. Ambassador Patenotre said he
had received no news on the subject, but
that tfiis was not surprising as the Asso-
ciated Press dispatches usually came soon-
er than his advices.
"The resignation must have been on ac«
count of the failure of the president to
form a ministry," he said, "but it is un-
usual that a president should resign for
such a cause. Jn France the president is
a sort of a constitutional king. He is not
supposed to have any special poliev. His
members are expected to govern, "if the
ministry finds itself opposed to either of
the chambers on any point, no matter how
trivial, it will resign. Hut this does not
alfeet the president. I do not know what
will be done. The condition is new. The
chambers elect the president and they
must meet and receive his resignation and
elect his successor.
"President Casimir-Perier was elected by
a. very large majority, and 1 do not 'think
his popularity has been diminished. 1 do
not believe h-is resignation wiM be accepted
He might be re-elected. This would he
something like a vote of confidence. The
whole tiling is a very great surprise, and
I can hardly realize that It is true."
.Representative McCreary, chairman of -the
house committee on foreign attains, said
Jie had been watching the French politics
und had no reason to expect any such oc-
"Two ministers have resigned in France
recently," he said, "but that is no reason
DETERMINED ON HISCOURSE
'for a president to do ?o. They n-e^n very
easily over there. France has averaged
one ministry for every year since .she has
been a republic."
Secretary Gresham said: "The department
is without any news on the subject, and
it is an entire surprise to me."
OA9I MI R-PERIE R'S M ESS AGE.
London, Jan. 15.—A special to the Daily
News from Paris, which will be published
In h'.s sketch to-night of his coming
message to the chiamb« r of deputies, Cas«i-
mir-Perler declares that he had the single
minded wish to be not a man of party but
of all France, to defend order by all con-
stitutional! means and to seek inspiration
In the example of the lamented Carnot.
Kut to his deep sorrow he found he pleased
no party and was attacked on every side.
The attacks vmried in form but all show
The ministry will meet in the morning
and consult with M. Casimir-Perier on the
changes that may be deemed desirable and
to take steps to secure order, whloh he
says does not seem threatening.
The chief candidate for the presidency is
Brisson. Congress may re-elect Casimir-Pe-
rier, but as he i'S sick of the presidency,
he \\iill In all probability refuse to put
himself forward. Of course, some surpris-
ing election may occur, but it seems to me
that Brisson's chances are very strong,
there being such a great conviction,that a
man of unblemished integrity an 1 exem-
plary home life is more needed than ever.
Waldeck-Kosseau is spoken of.
Lyons, France, Jan. 15.—A dispatch re-
ceived here from Roanne, department of
the Loire, situated about forty miles from
this city, says that 3000 weavers, who are
out on a strike there, threatened this after-
noon to attack the mills. The sub-prefect
thereupon read the riot act and a detach-
ment of gendarms charged upon and dis-
persed the mob.
M. Carnaud. a socialist member of the
chamber of deputies, was arrested for
threatening the sub-prefect. The utmost ex-
citement prevails at Roanne and the au-
thorities are taking precautions in an-
ticipation of further trouble.
Governor Turney Will Hold Over Pending
Nashville, Tenn., Jan. 15.—Another step
was taken in the legislature looking to the
investigation of alleged election frauds and
violations of polltax laws was taken to-day
In the house upon the senate joint resolu-
tion postponing the opening and publish-
ing of the sheriff's returns filed with the
speaker until a further session yet to be
fixed. Debate closed at 11 o'clock under
the cloture rule adopted without division
yesterday and an aye and nay vote was
taken, resulting in 50 ayes and 41 nays,
three not voting— two democrats and the
populists and republicans voting against
the resolution. The effect of the adoption
of this resolution is that Governor Turney,
present incumbent, will hold until the leg-
islature, at this session, declares who was
The republicans of the house submitted
a protest to the adoption of the resolution,
which was spread on the minutes. It sets
out the construction of the state consti-
tution at issue and holds that the term
of governor begins January 15, and there
can be no legal holding over after this
date, the face of the returns showing an
election; that the returns must be can-
vassed and published on or before this
date and the candidate shown to have been
elected according to the face of the re-
turns Inducted into office. The petition
charges that the resolution adopted, is
high-handed and revolutionary. There was
no filibustering and no excitement during
the taking of the vote.
The senate held brief sessions and at the
afternoon session the speaker announced
the appointment of the regular commit-
tees. The judiciary committee of the
senate may report a bill regulating proce-
dure in contests for the office of governor
It is stated upon good authority that
after the passage of a contest bill the leg-
islature will take a recess while the com-
mittees are making the Investigation.
Little Rock, Ark., Jan. 15.—After ballot-
ing nearly two days the house this after-
noon elected Hon. John C. Colquitt of
Columbia county speaker.
Senator McHaffey Introduced a bill in
the senate providing for the employment
of committee clerks, Attorney General
Clark having held that a joint resolution
A SUCCESSOR TO WOLCOTT.
Denver, Col., Jan. 15.—A vote for United
States senator to succeed United States
Senator Wolcott was taken in the legis-
lature. In the house 41 votes were given
for Wolcott (R) and 34 for Congressman
Pence (P); In the senate Wolcott received
14, Thomas W. Patterson (P) 16 and Chas.
W. Thomas (D) 2.
Both branches will meet in joint session
to-morrow and indications point to the
re-election of Wolcott on the first ballot.
Topeka, Kan., Jan. 15.—A sensational in-
cident took place in the Kansas legislature
to-day. All the republican senators, head-
ed by Lieutenant Governor Trostman, the
two democratic and one populist senator
(True) went Into joint session with the
house, and. after balloting declared Major
J. K. Hudson, proprietor of the Topeka
Capitol, to be elected state printer.
The house is republican and the senate
populist. The populists contended that It
takes a majority of both houses to elect.
BALLOTING FOR SENATOR.
Helena, Mont., Jan. 15.—Both houses of
the legislature balloted separately for
United States senator to-day. The repub-
lican caucus nominated Lee Mantle for the
short term and Thomas H. Carter for the
long term, who reclved the solid republi-
can vote of both houses and to-morrow
their election will be ratified in joint as-
Raleigh. N. C., Jan. 15.—Marion Butler
was unanimously nominated by the populist
caucus to-day to succeed General Ransom
as United States senator. The populists
and republicans then jointly ratified the
nominations of J. C. Pritchard and Marion
Butler as senators .from North Carolina.
CHANDLER FOR SENATOR.
Concord, N. H., Jan. 15.—The legislature
to-day formally ratified the nomination of
W. A. Chandler for United Stutes sen-
Meet in Convention in Shreveport
to Discuss the Crop
THE SUGGESTIONS OFFERED,
Southern Packeries Advocated—A Plantation
Cotton Seed Oil Mill Wanted—Another
insr they prefer to fight their cases on the
scene. Sampson savs he did not do the
shooting, but left Chicago in order to avoid
testifying and- depends upon the parties in-
terested to help him out when he returns.
Luther Dean Killed by the Breaking of a
Woodville, Tyler Co., Tex., Jan. 15.—At
Doucette this afternoon Luther Dean was
killed by a fragment of driving wheel
which broke in pieces while the mill was
in operation. The amount of damages
sustained by the owner of the mill could
not be ascertained.
Shreveport, La., Jan. 35.—The cotton
growers' convention met at the court
house promptly at 12 o'clock to-day.
Colonel James Foster after a few remarks
introduced Judge J. C. Egan of Red River
Paris1!! as chairman, who read a paper
urging the farmers to raise everything at
home, to diversify their crops and reduce
the cotton acreage. He deemed it a ne-
cessity to establish a packery here, which
would be a great inducement for hog rais-
ing. He dwelt upon the fact that the
bankers and rcipitallsts should furnish the
money to encourage the products of this
country. Farmers have been at a disad-
vantage in the past by having meat to
spoil on their hands, whereas if a packery
had been near they would have had a
market for their products. He deemed it
idle to talk to farmers unless there was
a market for the necessities of life. There
is no concealing the fact that the condi-
tions which environ the interests of cot-
ton growers of the southern states
threaten the utter destruction of that in-
dustry which they have considered their
main dependence. Cotton is no longer
king and prosperity will surely follow dis-
tress if a change is made by cultivating
other things quite as important. He said
the residents on Red river can grow every
product of the soil cheaper than they can
Twelve parishes are represented by del-
egates. Three hundred people were pres-
ent, including farmers, planters, bankers
and distinguished men, with reporters for
The Galveston-Dallas News, St. Louis,
New Orleans, Chicago and New York pa-
pers. Governor Foster was detained by
A motion to elect a secretary was car-
ried and Mr. H. Hawkins of the board of
trade was named for the position.
The following committee on resolutions
was appointed: D. W. Pipes of West Feli-
ciana. G. W. .Montgomery of Madison, J.
INI. Lee of Lincoln, W. C. Vance of Bos-
sier, J. M. Foster of Caddo, E. J. Embert
of Natchitoches, A. V. Ceberts of DeSoto.
John Randolph of Grant, B. F. Smith of
Jackson, S. Q. Holllngsworth of Red
River and H. G. Odum of Bienville.
Mr. J. G. Lee of the experiment farm at
Calhoun was next introduced. He read a
paper on sugar cultivation in north Louis-
iana. He advanced ideas which pleased
his hearers. The soil and climate of north
Louisiana are equal to every demand when
intelligently applied. At its close he was
greeted with generous applause.
Charles Schuler of DeSoto entertained
the convention then with an address on a
cheaper way to raise cotton. Mr. Schuler
is a practical man and handled the sub-
ject in a manner that impressed his hear-
ers favorably. He demonstrated how it is
possible to make a profit growing the
staple. He was applauded liberally.
J. H. Shepherd presented the subject of
Immigration. He reviewed the progress
and success of immigration in other states
and communities which are being filled
with desirable home seekers. His remarks
were well received.
A 'telegram from the cotton exchange at
New Orleans was read commending the
Jackson plan, which has been indorsed by
the cotton factors and the exchange. The
telegram was referred to the committee on
Mr. Schuler offered a resolution suggest-
ing that the legislature of the state make
an appropriation with a view of creating
a fund to be paid to the successful in-
ventor of a plantation cotton seed oil mill.
Referred to the committee on resolutions.
At 1.45 p. m. the chairman announced
that the committee ftn resolutions would
not report until 7 o'clock to-night, and the
convention was declared adjourned «to that
The convention reassembled to-night to
hear the report of the committee on reso-
lutions, having In hamd the work of de-
vising some plan for the betterment of the
cotton planting interest. The committee re-
ported that It Is the sense of this conven-
tion that one of the main causes of the low
price of cotton, wheat, sugar and other
agricultural products is the result of the
demonetization of silver and a financial
system Inadequate to the demands of com-
merce and trade, and urge the national
government to remedy the same. Too much
cotton also materially affects the prosper-
ity of the country. Co-operative methods
among the farmers to reduce the acreage
and lessen the production is a necessity.
The resolutions adopted at Jackson, Miss.,
are indorsed. The establishment of a pack-
ing houses at central points is recommended.
It urges encouragement of immigration of
home seekers to the south, and finally
recommends that the farmers work irre-
spective of pledge to raise an abundance
of everything needed on the farm or plan-
tation. and that the credit system be
avoid* ' as much as possible. The con-
vention r commends a convention of bank-
ers, commission merchants and merchants
to be held in New Orleans in the mornth
of February to ratify the resolutions passed
by the cotton growers or to present some
solution of the present depressed condition.
It Is suggested the call for the convention
be made by the cotton exchange at New
Orleans. Dealing in futures is condemned
as "detrimental to the agricultural interests,
especially to cotton growers, and our sen-
ators are urged to pass the Hatch bill
or some similar bill. It is the sense of
this convention that the legislatures of
cotton growing states make appropriations
with a view of creating a fund to be paid
to the successful inventor of a plantation
cotton seed oil mill.
PIANO COMPANY ASSIGNS.
Sioux City, la., Jan. 15.—The C. H.
Martin piano company assigned to F. A.
Stone of the First national bank. The
assets amount to $49,210. They consist of
000 In bills receivable and t'he balance
in stock. The liabilities are $43.6:14. C. H.
Martin, president of t'he company, also
filed an assignment for the benefit of his
creditors and named the sa'me assignee.
He files no schedule of assets or liabilities.
Abilene, Kan., Jan. 13.—The defunct
bank of Enterprise, of Which the late C.
'M. Case was cashier, has been closed up
by a leading stockholder. Depositors were
paid in full and stockholders divided the
assets. They received about 40 cents on
the dollar. Many of the stockholders are
eastern people and the ioss will fall heavi-
ly on them.
EXPORT COAL COMPANY.
Pensacola, Fla., Jan. 15.—At an assignee
sale of the property belonging to the
bankrupt Export coal company the steel
steamer Svlthian was bought by President
Smith of the Doulsvllle and Nashville for
Sl.'i.OOO, who also bid in, subject to mort-
gages. four schooners, barges and tugs at
DEED OF TRUST.
Paige, Bastrop Co., Tex.. Jan. 15.—A. C.
Kreidel of this place has conveyed to Me-
I\**an, Ellers & Co. of Austin. Tex., his
s ock of general merchandise by deed of
Little Rock. Ark., Jan. 15.—An adjourned
meeting of the yellow pine lumbermen of
Arkansas and Mississippi held a session to-
day at the Hotel Richelieu. The executive
committee appointed at the last meeting
will consider the action which it may be
! thought prudent to take in regard to the
lumber situation, and make their report
to the state lumbermen's association, which
meets here to-morrow. There will be
about fifty delegates present, representing
the lumber trade of Arkansas, Mississippi,
Tennessee and Texas. Among the promin-
ent delegates arriving to-day are C. G.
Dorwin. W. E. Barnes, A. Strauss, A. J.
N'iemyer, William Getehel of St. Louis:
Edgar H. Jones of Memphis, S. D. Munn
of Galveston and Louis Werner of St.
The Hoo-Hoo will hold a convention to-
morrow in connection with the state lum-
The deliberations of the state lumber-
men's association were secret.
SOUTHERN LUMBER EXPORT.
New Orleans, La., Jan. 15.—The Lumber
Trade Journal of this city, in its issue of
to-day, exhibits in tabulated form the ex-
ports of lumber from the twenty-six south-
ern ports of entry for the month of Decem-
ber. The totals show as follows: Timber.
$209,783; lumber. $S04,41G: manufactures of
wood, $23,975. Total exnorts for the month,
$1,0"8,174. As compared with the previous
mouth this is a gain of lumber of 5155.09J;
a loss In timber of $101,1588; n loss In manu-
factures of wood of $20,119; a net total loss
for the month of $32,444.
Reports from all sections, however, indi-
cate that not for years has the southern
lumber industry entered upon a new year
with such a promising outlook as is pre-
sented by the advent of 1S95. Inquiries
from domestic centers and abroad are
flooding the mails and prices already begin
to show a notable improvement.
INCOME TAX CASE.
Washington, Jan. 15.—Assistant Attorney
Whitney, who opened the argument in the
income tax case, argued that nine of the
specific objections made to the tax raised
the question of uniformity within the
meaning of the constitution.
"We are unable to see," he said, "that
the tax makes double taxation as claimed.
If it did it Is Immaterial and constitutional
and no objection to the tax, even under
the ordinary state constitutions, could be
made. The objections that some corpora-
tions are taxed and others are not certain-
ly does not upset the constitutionality of
"No injunction could be granted here be-
cause a complainant has an adequate rem-
edy at law. A principle is embodied in a
declaratory statute. Complainant in equity
must show why a legal remedy is not ade-
quate for his purpose."
It was next urged that the tax was not
a direct tax within the meaning of the con-
stitution and therefore not required to be
apportioned among the states according
to the census and that it is uniform within
the meaning of the constitution.
Attorney Jere Wilson for the complainant
denied that there was an adequate remedy
by law and asserted that various difficul-
ties confronted the counsel for the com-
plainant in filing the suit. The courts are
reluctant to Interfere with the collection
of these taxes.
"It is a case," he continued, "where the
courts can interfere. There is no power in
this case for any one to pay the tax and
recover the money by protest. If the citi-
zen ever had any relief and the acts turned
out unconstitutional then all that Is paid
is gone forever and there Is no remedy
except of an appeal to the justice of con-
At this point the government asked for
an adjournment until to-morrow and the
case was postponed accordingly. Judge
Wilson will continue to-morrow.
M. E. CHAPEL.
Rusk, Cherokee Co., Tex., Jan. 14.—News
has reached here that Lowe's chapel was
burned a few days ago. The church build-
ing is situated about five miles north of
Rusk, belonging to the Rusk circuit of the
Methodist Episcopal church south, and was
erected several years ago at a cost of
about $;5000. The' loss was total. No in-
ROOF ON FIRE.
Hutchins, Dallas Co., Tex., Jan. 14.—Dur-
ing services at the (Methodist church yes-
terday the roof caugiht fire from the flue.
Through energetic measures it was soon
extinguished. The damage was slight.
The congregation repaired in a body to
the Christian church, where the services
IN A DARN.
Lock'hart, Caldiwell Co., Tex., Jan. 15.—
Last night about 8 o'clock fire was dis-
covered in W. H. Lewis' barn, but by
the 'heroic efforts of the fire department,
together with the aid of citizens gen-
erally, the fire was soon under control and
but little damage was done.
STABLE AND CONTENTS.
Brenham, Tex., Jan. 13.—Last night near
Greenvine the barn end stable of Mr.
Haight burned. A fine mule, a wagon and
all corn, hay and otlier forage were con-
sumed. Cause of the fire unknown. No
Rosebud, Tex., Jan. 11—Yesterday morn-
ing aibout 4 o'clock fire broke out In the
barber shop next door to McCu'llooh's drug
store, but heroic work for a few minutes
saved the building with only a<bout $10
PRISONERS TO RETURN.
New Orleans, La., Jan. 15,—Henry Spauld-
ing, the defaulting Boston bookkeeper, and
j "Major" John Sampson, the fugitive Chl-
cngo murderer, who were captured here
i recently, will leave for those cities to-
i morrow, both waiving the requisition, say-
THE WELLBORN SHOOT.
Wellborn, Brazos Co., Tex., Jan. 15.—
Event No. 1, ten live birds, seventeen en-
tries: Score: E. A. Wordan, 3; Holland,
5; Holtzaffle, 8; Wallace Miller, 7; H. E.
Gaedneoke, 1; A. F. Wilson, 10; Moore, 4;
Will Kerr, 6; G. W. Cocke, '2; L. G. Haw-
kins, 5; G. W. Gales, 1; A. T. Hotter,
4; J. Barrow. 9; A. W. Royder, 8; J. E.
Batte, 6; Brown, 10; J. W. Johnson, 7.
Event No. 2. ten live birds: Barrow,
Batte and Johnson, first; Brown, Royder
and Wilson second; D. P. Henry, F. W.
Yeager, Ab Taylor, Green Grant. Henry
Rhodes and Holtzaffle, third. Won in
shoot-off by Holtzaffle. Brown made a
clean score on blue rocks, breaking 5o
straight, closely followed by Barrow 'With
63, Wilson 49. Barrow and Brown s-hot
special live birds, each fifty birds, each
$50 side: Barrow 49, Brown 48 with two
dead out of bounds.
Match between them for to-morrow, ten
single and two pairs, for $25.
WANTS A FIGHT.
Springfield, 111., Jan. 15.—Johnny Con-
ners, cham<plon bantam weight, has Issued
a challenge to fight any 100-pound man,
Jimmy Barry of Chicago preferred, at 102
pounds, for $500 or $1000 a side, before
any reputable club, barring the Auditori-
um clmb of New Orleans, which declared
the Conners-Harry match off December 13,
1894, because Conners was ill and wanted a
NEW ORLEANS WINNERS.
New Orleans, La., Jan. 15.—First race,
$5o0, five furlongs: Miss Lilly, 105, Thorp,
5 to 1, won easily: Bessie Nichols, 108, C.
John-son, 11 to 5. second; Gold Dust, 105,
McCue. ." to 1, third. Time: 1.12.
Second race, purse, seven furlongs: Clara
Bauer, 104, A. Clayton, 9 to 5, won easily by
two lengths; Mollie, 107, Cassin, ti to 5,
second; Charlie, 106, J. Smith, 30 to 1, third.
Third race, handicap for 3-year-olds, five
furlongs: Coria, 110, Leigh, 3 to 2, won
handily by a length; Festival, 111, Penn. 5
to 1, second; Martha Griffin, 110, Cassin,
l 4 to 1, third. Time: 1.07.
Fourth race, one mile: iBurrell's Billet,
112, J. McDonald. 20 to 1, won in a gallop
I by three lengths; Mabel, 105, A. Clayton, 7
I to 10, second; Le Grande. 104, J. Smith, 25
I to 1, third. Time: 1.68*4*
Fifth race, selling, one mile: 'Incommode,
115, K. Jor.es, 15 to 1, won in a gallop; Ex-
celsior, 112, J. McDonald, 10 to 1, second;
Footrunner, 109, L. Scott, 12 to 1, third.
EAST ST. LOUIS RESULTS.
St. Louis, Mo., Jan. 15.—East St. Louis
results: First race, four and one-half fur-
longs: Little Nell won, Willie G. second,
Mascot third. Time: 0.58.
Second race, five and one-half furlongs:
Crab Cider won. Dutch Oven second, Swift-
er third. Time: l.11.
Third race, four and one-half furlongs:
Van S. won, Hurbert O'Neil second, Texas
Frank third. Time: 0.57.
Fourth race, four and one-half furlongs:
False won, Ed lieaman second, Red Jim
third. Time: 1.12.
Fifth race, six furlongs: Bob Francis
won. Gabe Riley second, Ivanhoe third.
San Francisco, Cal., Jan. 15.—First race,
seven furlongs: Braw Scott won, Quirt
second, Howard third. Time: 1.45.
Second race, five and one-half furlongs:
Miss Ruth won. White Cloud second, Little
Tough third. Time: 1.20.
Third race, five and one-half furlongs:
May Day won, Chemuch second, Idaho
Chief third. Time: 1.20V,.
Fourth race, five and one-half furlongs:
Mollie King won, Olivia second, Goude-
loupe third. Time: 1.22.
Fifth race, five and one-half furlongs:
Major Cook won, Morven second. Donaulo
THE DIRECT TAX FUND I HORRIBLE EXPLOSION.
The Members of the Legislature Not
Posted in Regard to Its
Should fees not be reduced then much
can be saved to taxpayers by requiring all
officers to furnish their own blanks and
It is to be hoped that the legislature will
give us relief In county taxes as well as
reduction of fees in all civil business.
W. R, II.
STATE MERELY A TRUSTEE,
A Trust Fund for a Certain Specified Purpose.
Claimants Awaiting a Law Author-
izing Its Distribution.
Belton, Tex., Jan. 15.—To The News:
"Senator Tips introduced a bill to transfer
to the general revenue certain funds now
in the treasury to the credit of other ac-
counts, embracing direct tax account,
5115,500; unorganized tax account, $68,700;
escheated estates account, $400; total,
$188,200."—Senate proceedings of Saturday,
"By Mr. Morrison of Hamilton: To trans-
fer to the general revenue account certain
funds now in the state treasury to the
credit of other accounts."—House proceed-
ings of Saturday. 12th instant.
To one not posted these bills have an in-
nocent appearance. At first glance it might
look like utilizing money that was lying
in the treasury unused and unappropriated,
and thus appear to be a master stroke in
turning loose idle money and, to some ex-
tent, refilling the empty vaults of the
state treasury. This may have been the
idea that led the honorable gentlemen to
introduce these bills simultaneously In both
houses. I am willing to grant that they
were Ignorant of the true status of the
largest of these funds proposed to be trans-
ferred (the direct tax fund), and thus give
them all the benefit they wish to claim
for good intentions.
The history of this direct tax fund is a
curious one, showing many legal delays
and almost legal injustice and, if either
of the above or any similar bill should
pass the legislature by which this fund
should be misappropriated, it would be
capping the climax by legal robbery.
As even members of the legislature seem
not to be posted in regard to this direct
tax, it may prove of interest to the legis-
lators and the public to give a succinct
history of the matter. This was a land
tax levied by the federal government in
1862 and 1863. Owing to the fact that there
was a slight unpleasantness existing dur-
ing those years and up to May, 1865. be-
tween the north and south, the federal
government did not insist on the collec-
tion of this tax until the latter part of
1865 and the early part of 1866. During this
last year the law was repealed. As it
was a tax levied only on the confederate
states, it was an unequal and an unjust
tax. But it was not till the early part
of 1891 that congress could be induced to
refund it. Then the law was passed re-
funding to the several southern states the
amount collected from them on this tax.
This money was sent to the governors of
the several states to be distributed to the
persons who had paid the tax or their
legal representatives. It Was a trust fund
for a certain specified purpose.
The secretary of the United States treas-
ury at first ruled that by the law con-
gress had only refunded the direct tax, and
not the penalties, costs and Interest, which
in many cases amounted to more than the
tax Itself. However, about the 1st of July,
1892, the United States treasurer sent the
governor of Texas a check for the amount
of the tax due this state. After very many
quibbles and delays by the governor and
comptroller, the legislature in March. 1893,
passed a law for the distribution or this
fund. Most of the direct tax fund first re-
mitted to Texas has been distributed under
During the early part of last year the at-
torney general of the United States con-
strued the law of congress to include pen-
alties and costs as well as the tax itself.
By virtue of this construction the United
States treasurer, about July or August,
1894, made an additional remittance to the
the governors of the southern states, cov-
ering the penalties and costs. When the
allowance for Texas was collected the
comptroller, by a purely technical ruling,
held that as the legislature had only pro-
vided for the distribution of the "direct
tax," he could not distribute the penalties
and costs until a law authorizing it had
been passed. Hence, although the owners
of this money have proven their claims
and have been clamoring for their money
and are yet clamoring for it, they have had
to wait until the legislature met and passed
a law authorizing Its distribution.
As this was trust fund, recognized as
such by the Twenty-third legislature and
by every other person who was familiar
with the facts t'he owners of thin fund
expected and had a right to expect that
the legislature would, ahortly after Its as-
A FARMER'S SUGGESTION.
Cameron, Tex.—To The News: I have
been a reader of The Galveston News for
some years, and I have been paying par-
ticular attention to the Farmers' Forum,
and there I have found a great many dis-
cussing and advising farmers what to
do and what to plant. They say
the farmers must plant a little of
everything that the ground will produce,
and raise some of all the livestock ,that
will stay at home. If these writers Who
write to The News mean for the farmers
, in the state of Texas to do so, then I think
j it all right; but if they intend for every
individual farmer to plant a little of every -
thing that grows in or out of the ground I
would think it all wrong. And if so, I
• would like to ask especially of Dr. P. from
• Cameron, how much land, money, labor
and brains it would take at the present low
prices of the farmers' products to make a
success. Cotton is not the only product
that the farmer raises below cost, but
everything else. Eggs sold in Cameron on
Christmas eve for 10 cents per dozen. Hogs
are selling here for Sc and 3*4 cents per
pound; fat cows from $8 to $10 each.
1 would like to know if a farmer can do
these things why a merchant can not keep
a little of everything that is commonly
sold in a country store and then one store
is all that we would need in Cameron. And
why is it that a doctor can not practice
law and preach. I know they have plenty
of time. 1 can count from ten to fifteen of
these professional men on a bright warm
day standing on the streets of Cameron,
and before the election they were talking
politics and now they are engaged in tell-
ing farmers what to plant in order to
make a success. The kind of people that
prosper in Texas are those that have a
little capital, lots of energy and a suffi-
cient quantity of brains to manage their
own business, but none of the brains to
loan to their neighbor. Overproduction
seems to be the cause of low prices of the
farmers' products. If that Is true, then
1 compare the farmer In this case with the
little bee that brings in the honey and the
drones lay back and ^at and cry over-
production. I wonder if there is any over-
production among professional men and
why they can not cut their salaries and
charges one-half. They claim that the
farmer can live on half now, and why can't
everybody else do as well as the farmer?
F. W. REED.
Fire Department of Butte
City Wiped Out of
j OVERSEVENTY-FIVE KILLED.
Giant Powder Was Stored in a Warehouse,
Which Was on Fire When the
sem'bllng, without opposition pass a law
authorizing the distribution of the fund.
Imagine, then, their surprise and Indigna-
tion when they now see the attempt made
to divert this money, unjustly taken from
them thirty year^ ago, and put it to a
purpose for which it was never Intended!
indeed, the state 'has no right, title or
interest in this fund, but is a mere trustee
for the owners for the sole purpose of
distributing t'he fund to its lawful own-
ers. The provision in these bills that
the comptroller shall transfer from the
general fund 'back to these special funds
as needed is a snare ami a delusion, be-
cause there is no general fuml on hand
to transfer, and the result would be that
the owners of this fund would be com-
pelled to wait months and months longer
to dbtain what Is now their awn, and
what was handed back to them only after
long, long years of delay. The wrong
and injustice of such a proceeding is too
apparent to need elucidation. It is to be
hoped the legislature will have too high
a sense of justice to give the bills of
Messrs Tips and Morrison serious consid-
eration, much less to pass either of them.
How can the state of Texas expect hon-
esty and good faith on the part of its of-
ficers and citizens if it thus, by its legis-
lature. perverts and misappropriates trust
funds? For this direct tax fund does not
belong to the state., never did belong to
it and never will rightfully belong to it.
It Is a trust fund put Into Its hands for
distribution, and it has no more right
to use and misappropriate it than an in-
dividual would have. L. K. TARVER.
TAXES AND FEES.
How County Taxes and Officers' Fees Can
Skldmore, Tex., Jan. 14.—To The News:
The course of The News in asking that the
promises made before election in the way
of reducing the expenditures of the state
within its income without increasing taxa-
tion meets with much favor here. But the
taxation that hurts most throughout the
state is county taxes. They increase each
and every year and now will average more
than double the state taxes. Bee county is
probably no worse than others In this re-
spect, yet the expenditures increase each
year in a much larger percentage than
valuations. While expenditures in private
families have decreased from 25 to 50 per
cent to suit the times, yet the allowances
to officers and appropriations are more lib-
eral than at any previous time.
To illustrate a few items are given, to-
Wit: Blank charges for jury for district
court, $54; same for county court. $60: law
books for county judge, almost $100. Then
the fees of all officers in civil business are
too high and should certainly be reduced
about one-half. These fees were fixed just
after the war when the purchasing power
of money was not one-half of what It is
now. Then printed blanks for use of offi-
cers were unknown or not used, now every-
thing of that kind is printed at the expense
of the county, and a paper that would re-
quire half an hour to issue in manuscript
can be filled out in five or ten minutes, yet
the fee remains the same.
Should the legislature not adopt the sal-
ary system for officers, it is to be hoped in
the interest of equity, in view of the re-
duced value of farm products, that fees will
The Perfume of Violets
The purity of the lily, the glow of the rose,
and the flush of Hebe combine in Pozzonx's
To The News: Replying to the queries
of H. Groesbeck in The News of a recent
date, very little information can be given
on methods of culture of the canalgra
plant. It is a new industry, and litera-
ture on the subject is lacking. Enough is
known, however, to state that the plant
can be propagated either by the seeds or
by the bulbs or tuberous roots. It seeds
abundantly, and the bulbs or tubers are
produced like some kind of sweet potatoes.
The present small supply of roots In the
market is supplied by plants growing nat-
urally, and its superiority as a tanning
material has created a demand for the
roots that will be stable, and increase when
it becomes known that the roots can be
purchased in quantity. The natural sta-
tion of the plant is sandy soil, and the
coast country will furnish this with the
added advantage of sufficient moisture to
bring the plant up to its maximum pro-
If Mr. Groesbeck will write to Mrs. M. M.
Briggs. a local botanist, at El Paso, he
may succeed in obtaining seed or bulbs
for experimenting, as the plant grows nat-
urally in that locality. In cultivating, the
best distance apart for the plants must
be learned by experiment. In its Wild state
the plant grows to a height of three feet,
with a habit somewhat like the tobacco
plant, I. e., long, spreading leaves from a
central stem. As to the time to plant,
early in the spring would naturally be
the best, and analyses will have to be
made to determine at what time the roots
are richest in tannin, and this will deter-
mine the best time to harvest. Many things
in regard to storage of the roots, time
to plant,-eto;, will..have ito be learned by
experiment. The roots can be sliced and
dried in the open air in the vicinity of
Galveston, although It might be necessary
to resort to kiln drying before marketing.
I hope Mr. Groesbeck and others will ex-
periment with the plant, and publish the
result of their experiments. Experiments
both with seed and with roots should be
made to determine the best and cheapest
method of propagating the plant, and it
would not be advisable to go into the
cultivation on a large scale in any locality
until its adaptability to the place is es-
tablished. Mr. Stringfellow's experiments
in pear culture demonstrate the value of
trial tests. Respectfully,
J. A. SINGLEY.
Butte, Mont., Jan. 15.—A fire occurred
in the Butte hardware company's ware-
house this morning, in which giant powder
was stored. The fire department was
at work on the fire when the explosion
took place, killing a number of people.
W hile efforts were being made to remove
the dead and wounded a second explosion
occurred. The entire fire department was
wiped out, including the chief and all
of the horses. Three policeman were
among the killed, who number at least
seventy-five. Plate glass was broken all
over the city and the damage to property
It is impossible to get details at present.
All the ambulances are rushing to and
from the scene. The relatives of the killed
are frantic and the city is in consterna-
tion. The powder in the warehouse was
in violation of the law. It was the great-
est explosion ever known in the west.
Omaha, Neb., Jan. 15.—The federal grand
jury this afternoon returned an indictment
against R. C. Outcault, cashier of the
broken National Capital bank of Lincoln
charging him with falsifying the books of
tin bank. This is the bank in which the
state lost &'.3li,000, and President Moshier
is now serving sentence of live years for
BELL COUNTY CATTLE.
Temple, Bell Co., Tex., Jan. 15.—Several
of the stock feeders here have made ship-
ments to the markets recently and their
returns are most gratifying. The high
market brings many a dollar to Texas, and
Temple alone receives $200,000, every bit of
which is the product of the county. The
cattle being fed here are distributed as
follows: Dr. Taylor, 2600 head; Taylor &
Saulsbury, 342; Ben Avent, 220; Moore &
Hunt, 400; Pratt & Young, 500; C. P. Alex-
ander, 700; Barclay, Wilson & Co.. 1200;.
Whitfield & Hasehke, 250; S. Thompson,
100; Jas. Stuart, 135: total, 6477.
The prices realized average about $87 for
steers and $27 for cows. Expense of mar-
keting about $4.50. The cattle are bought
from farmers and fed from the oil rhills.
so the gross receipts are turned loose in
the county excepting the freight bill.
Weatherford, Parker Co., Tex., Jan. 33.—
This evening Deputy United States Marshal
Campbell passed through from Graham,
where he arrested and jailed Lewis Knight
arid his son, Lem, on a charge of counter-
feiting. He captured the molds and money
Cannot be cured with liniments or other
outward applications. The cause of the
p.".ins and aches is in the blood. Purify
your blood and the rheumatism will bo
cured. Hood's Sarsaparilla is the stand-
ard blood purifier,
and Hood's Sarsapa-
rilla has permanently
cured hundreds of cases of rheumatism.
Mood's Pills are the best after-dinner pills,
assist digestion, prevent constipation. 25c.
A Fragrant Smoker. A Fast Seller.
The BEST FIVE-CENT CIGAR
on the market. Ask for it. Every
first-class dealer sells it.
Guthrie, Ok., Jan. 15.—In the supreme
court of the territory to-day a motion was
granted for the hearing of the celebrated
Irwin divorce case. This Is the case In
which the question of the right of probate j
judges to grant divorces was raised and
the decision of which invalidates over 1000
divorce case$ granted by probate judges
throughout the territory to hundreds of
people from every state in the United
States, many of them being very prom-
inent. Rich divorced persons in the east
have contributed a large fund and em-
ployed the most eminent lawyers in the
southwest to secure a rehearing and fight
the case, and if they again lose it, will
then push a bill through the legislature
now In session legalizing the divorces so
WEALTHY FARMER SUICIDES.
Hennessey, Ok., Jan. 15.—Sylvester Don-
nelly, farmer, aged 65, who resided near
Oneida, Ok., suicided to-day by hanging.
He was kncjwn to be very wealthy and
hoarded his \ money away in the house,
being afraid J of the banks. He has two
sons and a daughter. He laid three piles
of his money Jon a table in the house, with
the name of the heir on each pile. His
farm he deeded to a Mrs. Mary O'Flynn,
an old sweetheart, of Monroe, Wis.
WILL MARKET THEIR SHEEP.
San Angelo, Tom Green Co., Tex., Jan.
15.—It is conservatively estimated that
there are no less than 175,000 muttons in
the vicinity of San Angelo that will be run
on the market in the early spring. On ac-
count of the low prices of wool under the
free trade law the sheep industry will be
largely diminished in western Texas, and
those that retain their lloeks will do so
more with a view to their value for flesh
Jake Davis & Co.
Wholesale Agents. Galveston, Texas.
For we hope from liberal
shipments due this week to
till all orders for
Either in barrels or cases.
MOORE, McKINNEY & CO,
Promptly Deliverer-Full Weight.
The best coal for the price. Carlots to in-
terior merchants and dealers a specialty.
J. W. HERTFORD
22d and Avenue A. Phone 21.
UXORCIDE AND SUICIDE.
Elkhart, Intl., Jan. 15.—Early this even-
ing Thomas J. Beckwlth shot and killed
his wife and then committed suicide. He
had forbidden his wife and stepdaughter
to attend a -'hurch entertainment. The
women were dressing when Heck with
rushed in, fired three shots at his wife,
two of which took effect, and then, going
to the parlor, sent a bullet through his
SHOT BY A CONDUCTOR.
Tyler, Tex., Jan. 15—This afternoon at
Burlingame, a switch five miles west of
Tyler, a conductor shot C. H. Thompson.
Thompson is still alive.
Ths Finest Coolc-
erp. The Greatest
At $23 and $35 haeno
equal. Sntee your
timo and «»«• your
money. All order, or
be left at the office
of the company. 2421
Marketst. Thb Gils
VESTON (iAS Co.
Albert J. Miller,
Sec. and Treat.
THE SEMMEESLY NEWS
Sl.OO PHE TEAR.
ISSUED TUESDAYS AND FRIDAYS
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 53, No. 299, Ed. 1 Wednesday, January 16, 1895, newspaper, January 16, 1895; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth465849/m1/2/: accessed December 14, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.