The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 96, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 27, 1893 Page: 3 of 8
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, TUESDAY. JUNE ?,7, 1893.
THE BAYOU CITY BUDGET.
BUSINESS TRANSACTED BY THE
HOUSTON OOUNOIL YE8TEEDAY.
Petitions and Reports of Offloiali and Com-
mittees, Inolndin? the Subject of New
Bridges—A Conferenoo Ordered.
<'OUBB8PONDKNT8' HlADbtJAETlSS — Capitol
RimVhkm akt> Cuiri/r.ATOii'H Office, 512 Main
' «tro4„.uud«r Capitol botol. For the reception of
a<Jvorti«.m<mU and whore subnerilmri failing to
receive ttyeir^spers will please report.
Houston, Tex., June 26.—There was a re«u-
Jar meeting this afternoon of the city council,
Mayor Browno presiding, City Secretary Rich-
nrdson at his desk and the following aldermen
in their Beats: Kohlhauff, Hamilton, Fox,
Geiselman, Hirsch, lteisner, Schilling and
Lysle. The absentees wore Shearn and Koch.
The mmutos of the last two meetings were
read and adopted.
From J. W. Aubertin and fifteen others,
asking for police protection on the north side
of the Southern Pacific railway, on Montgom-
ery avenuo and White Oak street. Referred to
From E. H. Knodel, representing that he is
ready to pay taxes on certain lots, south Hide
Buffalo bayou, from the year 1893 if errors
are corrected. Referred to the finance com-
From H. P. Davis and others of the Fifth
ward calling attention to bad washout on
Montgomery avenue and asking that a bulk-
head be put in there for the protection of
travelers and citizens. Referred to mayor and
city engineer. .
From J. J. Clede and others of the Third
ward, that lots B and C are so fenced
in as to interfere on Jackson street. Referred
to city attorney and city engineer.
From Julia A. Berger representing that
there is a mistake in her assessment on lots
in block 2 in Ingram addition, the assessment
having been made twice. She also asked a
reduction. Referred to the finance committee.
From J. H. Blake, J. E. Gorcy, T. Hen-
nessy and others, property owner* on Texas
avenue, complaining that they had been as-
sessed for the payment for the pavement of a
certain reservation on the stroot in front of
their property when the contract was let for
this reservation; it was not to be paved, as
shown in the term; referred to the mayor, en-
gineer and city attorney.
From Jas. A. Bates, asking that he be paid
$400 for the time he was quarantined as
having smallpox; referred to the health officer
and city attorney.
From George H. Broker and others, saying
they were the owners of certain property and
asking that they be allowed to put in front of
their property cpncrete curbing; referred to
the city engineer and mayor with power to
From American brewing company, saying it
is the owner of block 12, on the north side of
Buffalo bayou, and that said block is several
feet higher than the surrounding ground, and
also represents that there is a strip of ground
adjacent to their property alongside of which
is built a high brick wall, near which is a
sand and clay bank, which will cave unless a
wall is put there, and assorting that the peti-
tioner will build a wall there if the city will
convey said strip of ground, useless to the
city, to the petitioner. The wall is also to
Srotect the tunnel. Referred to the street and
ridge committee and mayor.
REPORTS OF OFFICIALS.
The reports of assessor, collector and treas-
urer were referred to the finance committee.
Reports of chief of police and city marshal
Reports of finance committee on reports of
city treasurer were adopted.
Report ot city attorney on the report of the
street commissioner regarding the condition
in which the street car company leaves its
tracks. Report adopted.
Report of city attorney on application for
the payment of the judgment in favorof Mrs.
Bryan. It recommends that she be required
to pay her taxes. Laid over.
Report of the city attorney on the petition
of J. M. Boyles concerning certain errors
about payment for pavement. The attorney
said they had been barred by the statute of
limitation. Report adopted.
Report of c ity attorney on petition of J.
M. Bisset. The report stated that he failed
to see how Mr. Bisset had been damaged. Re-
Report of city attorney on petition of Mrs.
Proetzel. It said if it was a fact that her
land had been damaged the city was liable.
Roport adopted on motion of Reisner and re-
ferred to the street and bridge committee.
Report of the board of public works ard
street and bridge committee on the specifica-
tions by the city engineer for laying street
ear tracks. It was favorable, and the reports
of both the board and the street and bridge
committee were adopted.
Fox moved to refer it to the ordinance
committee to prepare an ordinance. Carried.
Report of the board of public works that
they examined the brick pavement on McKin-
ney street from Chartres to Crawford and
found it all right. They also reported on the
heating apparatus of Morris' Sons in the San
Felipe street school house. The first part was
adopted. The second part required Morris'
Sons to guarantee the apparatus for fifteen
A resolution by Lysle was to the effect that
the New Orleans railroad company and tho
Houston and Texas Central railroad company
be notified to put down a drain on Semmes
street, from Nance street to New Orleans
avenue. The rules were suspended and the
resolution passed its second reading and was
adopted.. The resolution was introduced be-
cause the street had been made bad by having
been flooded on account of embankment put
there by the railroad companies.
Lysle moved that the Santa Fe railway
company be required to put a sewer on Mary
street from Nance to Opelousas. Carried.
Hirsch moved that the city assessor and col-
lector be allowed to August lf 1893, to com-
plete his rolls. Carried.
Hirsch moved that the city notify the Aran-
sas Pass railway to put their orossings at
Dowling and Lamar streets in proper shape.
Geiselman moved that the same company
be notified to drain their tracks on East
Velasco and Engelke streots. Carried.
Report of the committee on bridges across
Buffalo bayou was read as follows:
To the Honorable Mayor and Board of Alder-
men of the City of Houston: Your special com-
mittee. consisting of the honorablo aldermen
from the Second and Fifth wards of the city of
Houston, to whom was referred the petitions
from said wards requesting your honorable body
to construct a bridge or bridges at some suitablo
point or points across Buffalo bayou having con-
sidered said petitions, bag leave to report as fol-
1. Your committee respectfully reports that in its
opinion the traffic between the two wards renders
'necessary the construction of two bridges across
2. We advise that one of said bridges be con-
structed across Buffalo bayou at the foot of
Spruce and Hardy streets. That the other bridge
be constructed across Buffalo bayou from tho
foot of Hill street to the foot of street.
3. We recommend that said bridges to be built
in accordance with the plans and specifications
now on file in tho oflice of the city engineer.
4. We suggest that the cost of said two bridges
will not exceed the sum of $00,000 for tho two and
wo recommend that they be built and paid for in
installments of $0000 per annum, said payments
to run from one to ten years and to be evidenced
by the notes of the city, bearing interest not to
exceed 0 per cent per annum.
5. For the reason that the bridge crossing from
Snruce to Hardy streots will benefit a larger
traffic and conduce to benefit a larger and better
class of business interests of the city and will
serve the purposes of a groater portion of tho
traveling public, wo suggest and recommend
that the contract for the building of said bridge
be let first.
Your committee beg to say in conclusion that
la making the above recommendations they feel
that they are but answering the many demands
which for years past have been made upon the
municipal government for better facilities in the
way of bridge connection between the two wards,
and they rnore readily acquiesce in their de-
mands believing that the construction of said
bridges will not only prove a great accommoda-
tion to the business interest of tho city, but they
are furthermore persuaded that the opening of
these thoroughfares to travol will greatly add to
the value of a large area of property situated in I
these two wards which is now of little value be-
cause it in deprived of any convenient way of .
accnsM to it. And your committoe feels coufl- I
dent that tho increase in tho taxable value of this
property, which it will receive by these improve-
ments will in a very short snace of time more than
compensate the city for the expenditure abovo
recommended, Resuoctfully submitted.
Before any further action was takon on tho
report Mr. Lysle moved that the mayor ap-
point a committee to confer with tho county j
commissioners to try and securo thoir co-oper- j
ation in building the bridges.
Mr. Reisner amended that some citizens bo |
added to the committee. Carried.
The mayor appointed the following consist- |
ing of tho aldermon from each ward, in other
words the city council. The citizons were
Mr. Kohlhauff asked what had become of
tho petition of Mr. Zimmerman. Mr. Kohl-
hauff moved that Mr. Barttlingck, attorney
for Mr. Zimmerman, bo allowed to address
the council on the subject of the petition. It
related to certain property that his client had
purchased of Mr. Geiselman, a part of which
was taken by the city for a street. Ho wanted
to know what the city would do about it.
Hamilton movod that tho matter bo re-
ferred to tho city attorney and city engineer
to investigate tho matter and report as soon
Hirsch called up the matter of the city hav-
ing an oloctric light plant and waterworks
plant, which had been brought before the
council in the shape of a resolution at a for-
mer meeting. In the resolution tho amount
named was $500,000, and ho wanted to make it
$000,000 to cover 4he electric light plant. The
original paper was not in the hands of the sec-
retary, arid while Hirsch wont out to search
for it Fox m do a motion to adjourn. Tho
vote was a tie, and the mayor voted in the
affirmative and it was carried.
Ileal Estate Transfers.
Tho following deeds wero filod for record in
the county clerk's office to-day:
K. Holmes to Esther A. Mercer, lots 29,
30 ami 31, block 1118. La Porto $?75 00
W. B. Lawrence to Esther A. Mercer,
outlot 473. La Porte 240 00
Henry Freund to P. Lasuo, lots 2,3,4
and 5, block 50U, south side 1,200 00
JamesT. I). WilBon to Philander Hall,
outlying acreage lot 11, block 10. also
lots 7 and 8, block 24 containing 30
acres in Webster survoy 1,100 00
Samo to A. A. Ilnghes, outlying acreage
lot 5, block 8,10 acres; also 0 1-3 acres
of block 10 lying northeast of dividing
line betweeu lots 11 and 12, block 23 in
Webster survey 610 66
SamotoW. M. Nims, outlying acreage
lot 8. block 19, Webster survey 300 00
Aaron G. Lewis and leidor Rosenborg to
J. L. Mitchell, undivided V% int. in n.
Yt of lot 4, block 57, south side 11,500 00
fid York to George W. Lemmon. lot 12,
block 30. Bcach park annex, La Porte. 250 00
W. J. Wilson to H. Solinsky, T. M. Dor-
set one-third league 125 00
Henry Solinsky to Thomas Smith, 1476
T. M. Dorset one-third league 5,166 00
Omaha and South Texas land company
to James B. Driggs, lots 23,24.25,20,
27, 28, 20, 30,32, 33 and 34, block 145,
also Jot 36, block 16, Houston Hoights. 3,550 00
Charlotte M.Allen to Cora B. Foster and
lilla H. Stowart, lots 1, 2, 3. 4, 9,10,11
and 12,block 403, north side 100 00
Cora B. Foster to W, Harral, lots 1. 2, 3,
4, 9.10, 11 and 12, blk 403. north side.. 5,500 00
L. O. Strang, by attorney, to Annie C.
('arisen, lots 4 and 5. blk 111, La
Porte 75 00
John G. Hadden and wifo to A. Hoffman,
undivided Yt interest 350 acres out
of southwest corner Meredith Duncan
league 700 00
W. A. Wheeldon to P. Whitty s. lA blks 17
and 18 Turner addition, out lot 0 subdi-
vision Obedience Smith survey, also
undivided half interest blk 123 Ryan
addition north side, other considera-
tions and 30 00
C. W. Cahoon to H. H. Dooley, section 6
Washington county railroad survey,
also soctions 38, 40, 42 and 44, Houston
and Texas Central railway company
survey 6,000 00
Total 17 deeds $30,827 66
Novel Suburban Entertainment
A delightful novelty in the way of enter-
taining was the affair given by Miss Maggie
Kendall Saturday evening at her beautiful
home on the Harrisburg road in the suburbs
of the city. Three young ladies, who wero
out making her a visit, and herself constituted
the feminine loveliness of the party. These
wore Misses Rosalie Mellhenny, Belle Dick-
son, Adole Lubbock and tho entertaining
hostess. The gentlemen were Messrs. B. R.
Latham, C. H. Lucy, Phil Carson and Will
The interesting diversion was "high five,"
and the high table was adroitly located in the
branches of an immense china tree, with seats
perfectly convenient, resting securely upon
the large limbs of the tree. They, with the
floor, were nicely carpeted. Two flare lamps
and innumerable Chinese lanterns furnished
ample light and lent a kaleidoscopic beauty
to the Bcene as they dangled among the deep
green boughs of the tree.
Music and dancing were features of the
Cruelty to an Infant.
A very black woman came into the police
station and in her arms carried a 13-months-
old baby, whose face and body contained
evidences of brutality unnatural to human-
The woman said she was tho mother of the
child, and exposing its person showed spots
on its little body that had been fearfully
burned, one place looking as if it had boon
mado with a hot flat iron, and there were also
burned places on the face. The wounds had
been inflicted several days ago, but they were
still so sore that at the least move caused cries
The mother says the baby had been assault-
ed by a negro boy not over 7 years old and he
had acted in a spirit of revenge.
A warrant was sworn out before Justice
Schwander this morning, charging its mother
with the crime.
To Entertain the Sheriffs.
This morning several leading business men
met in the office of Mr. T. W. House to make
preparatory arrangements for the entertain-
ment of the sheriffs' association in their an-
nual meeting. The meeting was called to or-
der and the following gentlemen were pres-
E. P. Hill, W. D. Cleveland, C. Lombardi,
J. A. Baker, jr., W. B. Chew, T. W. House,
M. T. Jones, Sam Allen, A. P. Root, H. S.
Fox, W. M. Mitchell, J. A. Patton, S. Talia-
foro and C. A. McKinney.
An arrangement committee was appointed
to make all necessary and ample arrange-
ments, which means that the sheriffs will have
one of the handsomest entertainments they
have ever had.
Mr. Hodges of the Hutchins house will set
the banquet table and ho says it will surpass
all efforts of recent date.
Harris County Commissioners.
The county commissioners met to-day as a
board of equalization.
The assessment of Conklin, George <fc Gaines
was reduced to $25,000, and the treasurer au-
thorized to pay them $75 on account of error.
E. A. Oslor was granted a certificate of good
Ed Kiam's assessment on stock was reduced
from $25,000 to $20,000.
Assessments on lots 1, 2, 3, 4, 6%, 11 and 12,
block 350, south side Buffalo bayou, were re-
duced from $600 to $500.
The assessment of John Kiers on seventy
acres. DeLesdenier abstract No. 229, was re-
duced from $500 to $200.
Eldon Burns vs. Si Packard; settled.
B. T. Harris applied for a license to practice
law; Lawyers C. S. Ash, F. S. Burke and J. L.
Sam were appointed an examining committee
and the license was granted.
J. H. Wiener vs. Charles Turner; judgment
for plaintiff for $125 84 with interest at 10 per
cent and foreclosure of vendor's lien on lot 7
in block 398.
Maggie Lee, by next friend, vs. Galveston,
Houston and llonderson railway company;
continued by defendant.
S. F. Carter vs. S. P. Alfordotal.; dismissed
Louis Honnen ot al. vs. H. Honnen et al.;
takon undor advisornont; defendants' motion
for conclusions of fact and law granted.
E. P. Floock vs. Planters ana Mechanics'
bank j continuod by defendant.
Poley Ellis vs. C. H. Brown; judgment for
plaintiffs for tho land.
Joe Foster etal. vs. J.Horn berger ef. al.; leave
to J. ('. Stafford, Moiissa Kershaw and Hutch-
eson A Sears to intervene; samo was estab-
lished as a valid claim against tho fund on
Tho clerk will pay I. C. Stafford $145 50 for
services; expenses, Hutchoson <fe Sears $50;
Melissa Korshuw $275; and will, after deduct-
ing costs, including $50 allowed A. (J. Allen
for extra services, pay the balance to the par-
ties liooein, in the proportion fixed in tho orig-
John Davis, rape case; postponed to 29th.
John Davis robbery; motion to quash in-
Geo. Stowart, carrying brass knucks; fined
Nicholas Eestimbro, theft; four months in
These parties are to be tried to-morrow:
Roscoe Johnson, Jack Daniels, (two cases,)
Chaa. Anderson, Jim Johnson and Wiley
Things were unusually quiet at the police
station this morning insomuch as the court of
Recorder Duncan was concerned, there being
only a few cases on tho docket and they wero
disposed of as follows:
Dan Turner, drunk and down; $3 and
J. M. Clayton and James Cook, fighting; $5
M. Frazer, drunk and down; $2 and costs.
John Murphy, Mary Clark and Laura Mil-
ler, disturbing the peace; $5 and costs.
James Sims and J. H. Gallin, fighting; $5
Charles Hanka, disturbing the peace; $3
The excursionists down to Morgan's Point
had a good time yesterday.
The sanitary man was flushing the street
gutters to-day in first-class form.
The brick paving on McKinney street is
being pushed radidiy forward by the contrac-
There were a number of searchers for quiet
pleasure at Volksfest park last afternoon and
they had a good time.
The regular summer night concert will take
place to-morrow evening at Turner hall by
Herb's light guard band.
Work is gotting along slowly on the new
street car line through Lubbock's and Lock-
art's groves in the lower part of the Second
Street Commissioner Jack Kennedy is do-
ing good work in the several wards of the
city, cleaning the gutters and killmg the
Constable R. H. Smith of Brazos county ar-
rived here this afternoon, having in charge
Armstead Green, wanted in Burieson county
for jumping his bond.
There wili be preaching at the Capitol avo-
nue Christian church every night this week by
Pastor J, C. Mason. Song service led by Mr.
Rudesell with an organ and cornet accompan-
iment. Chapel well ventilated. All welcome.
The new music stand in Turner hall garden
will be done and ready for occupancy on the
evening of July 4 at the summer night con-
cert. The handsome fountain to take tho
place of the present musio stana has been or-
A gentleman who was in Galveston yester-
day said he was riding in a street car there,
and so many Houstonians were aboard that
some one suggested it and a count was made,
showing thirty-one passengers and thirty
Henry Kane, a well known contractor,made
the prediction to-day that the Light guards
would go to Chicago before the world's fair
was over. He said the good citizens would
see that they had made a mistake and would
correct it by sending the boys.
To-morrow night tlie board of representa-
tives of the firo department will meet and
take up the trouble between Chief Martin and
Protection fire company growing out of the
former's action in discharging or suspending
Driver Frank Hayes of Protection. The com-
pany has employed an attorney and tho case
will ultimately be taken before the council.
A valuable piece of property changed hands
to-day, J. L. Mitchell having bought an undi-
vided one-half interest in lot 4, block 57, with
all improvements thereon, from Lewis & Ro-
senborg, the consideration being $11,500. This
property fronts on the west side of Main
street between Prairie and Texas avenues, on
which a three-story brick store and office
To-night tho Rutherford rangers had a
meeting and will have a mounted drill every
uight till they go to Galveston on July 4. The
company has arranged to sond its horses, thir-
ty-five, by water to Galveston. They passed a
vote of thanks to Commissary Sergeant John
Valentine for his superb spread on the occa-
sion of the late saber presentation to Colonel
J. R. Waties, commanding the First Texas
This evening the Parish Aid association had
thoir closing meeting of the working year.
The reports of officers and committees showod
a very satisfactory condition of affairs and
much good work had been done during the
year. Following transaction of business tho
committee, of which Mrs. G. R. Franklin was
chairman, presented tho society with pictures
of Mrs. P. W. Gray and Mrs. Cornelius Ennis.
They were received by Mrs.Goldthwaite for tho
association in appropriate terms. This cere-
mony was followed by a very enjoyable social
affair. The whole took place at the parish
house of Christ church, The association dur-
ing the rest of the heated term will take easy
resting from their labors.
Sam Dixon came in this afternoon.
" Judge Wheeler of Galveston is here.
John Gilbert of Beaumont is stopping at
L. K. Morris of La Porte was at tne Capitol
James Irwin of Galveston was a visitor to
the city to-day.
L. L. Jester, formerly of this city, is here on
a business visit.
Bud Allen, clerk of the criminal court of
Galveston, was m the city to-day.
Superintendent Whatley of the state peni-
tentiaries spent to-day in Houston.
John Lewis and H. W. Carr of Vornon are
guests of the Capitol while in town.
Mr. and Mrs. Theo Keller and son left to-
night for Beaumont to spend a few days.
Major Brahan passed through, en route to
Ennis, where Hood's brigade has a reunion.
Dr. Swearingen, state health officer, passed
through here to-night en route to Galveston.
Leon Smith after a severe spell of sickness,
though very feeble, is able to be on the streets
Herr Phil Neumann, a member of the Ger-
man press of Brenham,spent yosterday with his
old friends here. He returned home last night.
G. W. Angle of the deep water syndicate at
the mouth of the Brazos was hero yesterday,
having just returned from a trip to New York.
Wm. and August Kerstou, brothers of Fred
Kersten of this city, arrived hero last night
from Now Orleans on a visit to their brother.
Mr. and Mrs. F. B. Baker of Gonzales
passed through the city this morning en route
for Galveston. Mr. Baker reports crops
good in his section of the country.
Governor Lubbock and E. B. Smith of the
penitentiary board wero met here to-night by
Superintendent Whatley and Inspector Dixon
and to-morrow the party will start on the
usual annual tour of the convict farms and
camps for tho purpose of inspecting their
general conditions. A. P. Wooldridge, tho
remaining member of tho board, did not
F. B. Baker and wife, Gonzales; J. D. Reed
and wife, San Antonio; Geo. N. Otey, Texas;
D. J. Glenney, Santa Fe; V. Werner, New
York; Mrs. A. Thadia, Arcadia; John R. Gil-
bert and family, Beaumont; C. Newberry,
Cincinnati; LooHinton, E. Wimmor, Oak-
villo; S. Zander, Galveston; Mrs. H. E. Wag-
gauian, Mrs. J. Collins, llearne; J. D. Whit-
akor, Chattanooga; N. E. Milligan, DallaB;
1'. Wilson, Houston and Texas Central; Mrs.
J. D. Wlntaker, Now Orleans, R. T. Whoelor,
(Jalvostou; L. A. Whatley, C. H. Robinson,
Huntsvillo, are stopping at tho Grand Cen-
F. Hdell. Cincinnati; J. M. Whitmore, Tex-
as; John Gilbert. Beaumont; Alex M. Laugh-
lin, Philadelphia; Chas. P. Leonhard, New
Grloans; Louis Lovi, Now Orleans; J. H. Mo-
Lovey, Virginia; John Lewis, H. W. Carr,
Vernon; B. L. Leip r. Dallas; L. W, Ham-
mond, Cincinnati; P. S, Itabitt, city; C. B.
Shepard, Philadelphia; .James Irwin, Galves-
ton; A. G. Wilmore. Now Yortc; Chas. E.
Wall, New York; Robt. Korcheval, Dallas;
Edward Fairfield, Boston; L. J. Kingsland,
St. Louis; D. M. Carty, Ennis; R. Hill, Aus-
tin ; W. P. Dennis, New York; E. Sliapo, New
Orleans; F. J. Murphoy, Chicago; Wm. F.
Uehrmg, St. Louis; 1. II. Burke, Philadelphia;
Wm. J. Froes, Now York; L. H. Kent, Omaha;
L. L. Jostor, Tyler; Leon Perl, city; H. Gor-
man, Atlanta; F. S. Collin and sou, Baltimore;
S. M. Cook, Navasotu; L. K. Morris, La
Porto; E. Sharpe New Orleuns, are at the Cap-
Against Legislative Spoliation,
Ono of the most masterly and impressive of
tho addresses before the railway commerce
congress this week was that of Hon. John F.
Dillon upon tho suggestivo subject, "Consti-
tutional guarantees of railway properties and
franchises against legislative spoliation." The
long and eminent services of Judge Dillon
upon the federal bench and his extended rep-
utation as a constitutional lawyer give great
weight to the outspoken stand which ho
takes in this address ay tiuat the assumption
that when legislatures fix rates for railway
transportation it is prima facie evidence that
they are reasonable rates nnd that the legisla-
tion is final and beyond appeal. On the con-
trary the speaker declared that the federal
constitution was the safeguard of private
property and that if ratos tixed by legislatures
are unjust and unreasonable they are void.
Tho nddress was attentively listened
to by an audience from the com-
bined congresses representing rail-
ways, banking, boards of trade and insur-
ance, and the seed of its truths fell into good
ground from which will spring up the fruit of
a better attitude among fair minded men to-
ward the railways. After referring to tho fact
that at the close of the year 1892
the mileage of couiolelod railway in
the United States was 170,600 miles,
the capital stock liability over four and three-
quarter billions and the fundod debt liability
over five billions of dollars tho speaker said
that legislation in certain states has created a
great sense of insecurity in tho owners of rail-
way properties and the holuers of their shares
and bonds, l'he railways wero shown to have
been built almost wholly by private capital.
The companies were in no ^onse monopolies,
since the legislative policy in all of the states
was the policy of "free trade" in railway
corporations. These stocks and securities are
held as investments by thousands upon thou-
sands of owners in all parts of the globe, and
every one of these owneks is interested in the
existence of "constitutional guarantees of
railway properties, franchises and rates
against legislative spoliation." It was de-
clared that we have st length reached a
stage in our national and constitutional his-
tory when a supreme test of our institutions is
being made, that test being "whether tho
guarantees of private ploperty found in our
constitutions are illusorl, or whether they yet
remain firm and effectual; whother, in a word,
the courts, as the guardiins of the constitu-
tional rights of the property owner, are equal
to the burden which tn constitutions, state
and federal, have placeqlupon them."
The purposes of our j written constitutions
wore considered at lengtlk. It was shown that
from the beginning theyhad protected prop-
erty equally with life andiiborty from legisla-
tive attack. The fourteenth amendment was
considered, the decisons if the supreme court
of tho United States ^ire recited very in-
structively and the result^were thus summed
This review.of the cases in |ho supreme court
of the United States,makes gfod tho statement I
have above mado that there il no conflict in tho
judgments of the court upon the subject of the
¥ower of tho states to Tegulafc railway tariffs.
be power exists^but, like all other legislative
powers, it exists under and wkhin the constitu-
tion, and not above ftr outside! of the constitu-
tion. The limitation on tho pqver is that it can
not bo exorcised so as, to dooriv tho company of
the right to a reasonable and j st compensation
for the use of its property, or tc deprive it of tho
equal protection of the laws; that is, that pro-
tection which the laws afford to any and all
species of property. That thd ftuostion whethor
rates fixed by tho state, or by a- egiBlative agency
of the state, do so deprive the company of its
property or of the equal protection of tho laws is
a judicial question which the (company has the
constitutional right to have tried in a regular
suit and in the usual manner' in the judicial
* ♦ * ♦ t * ♦
It is to mo a consolatorjr and cheering
reflection that I have been able to vindi-
cate the wisdom and eflicienci of tho consti-
tutional guarantr^s of private property,
and to show that i.tilway companies are not sub-
ject to bo dospoiled at t he will of temporary ma-
jorities in state legislatures, since the power of
tho state to regulate and fix railway tariffs must
be oxorcised subject to the fourteenth amend-
ment, that if the rates thus fixed aro unreason-
able or unjust they are void, and that the ques-
tion whether they are unreasonable or unjust is a
judicial ouestion to be determined by the courts,
under ana in accordance with tfee general laws
of the land, and tho traditional and immutablo
principles of justice which ure embodied in our
These strong utterances, based as they are,
not only on profound study and knowlodge of
the law, but also on concurrent decisions of
the highest tribunals, should tenft to check the
unjust attacks of state legislatures upon rail-
way properties and assure railway owners that
they are not to be abandoned to Spoliation un-
der the guise of law.
Houston, Tex., June 26.—The resignation
of Mr. Groseclose, general freight agent of
the Cotton Belt for Texas, takes effect Satur-
day and his succossor will be announced dur-
ing the next few days, in consequence of
which speculation is again rife in regard to
who the lucky man will be. Some time ago
the general impression was that Mr. Charles
J. Pickering, division freight agent of the
Cotton Belt at Little Rock, would succeed
Mr. Groseclose. However, there is now an-
other Richmond in the field it seems, and
the gentleman is Mr. Barnhardt, now general
agent of the Cotton Belt at Fort Worth. At
any rate there is a rumor current that it will
be either Mr. Pickering or Mr. Baruhardt,
and public opinion in railroad circles is some-
what divided as to which of these gentlemen
will bo tendored the place.
There is still another rumor afloat that nei-
ther wilt be appointed and that a gentleman
whoso name is not mentioned will bo sent
down here from the general offices in St. Louis
to step into Mr. Groseciose's shoes.
The latter gentleman iB now in Kentucky,
where he was called several days ago to see a
sick member of his family. It is not known
what Mr. Groseclose will do after he retires
from the Cotton Belt, but it is the opinion of
some that he may become allied with tho
Missouri, Kansas and Texas. It ib known that
ho and Traffic Manager Miller are warm
friends of long standing, Mr. Miller having
placed him in the position he has just re-
signed. Howover, this is purely speculative
and there may or may not be something in it.
a CHANGE at harki8burq.
Local Agent Dowell of the International and
Great Northern at Harrisburg has resigned
his position. Horace Booth of this city yes-
terday sent his chief clerk, C. W. Updike, out
there to check Mr. Dewoll up and he found
everything in a satisfactory condition. Mr.
Booth's bill clerk, Lee Rentfro, l s temporarily
holding down the Harrisburg station. Mr.
Hooper, however, has been appointed to that
position and will arrive here to-morrow to as-
sume his new duties.
AUSTIN MEN PLEADING HARD.
The Austin people are still working on the
railroads to the end that a free rate for the
proposed encampment next month may be se-
cured for the state troops. General A. S.
Roberts, Senator Tips and Doo Morse of that
city camo down this evening as a committee
to wait on the Southern Pacific and tho Hous-
ton and Texas Central officials and make a
final appeal for tho free rate. Thoy will make
a dead Hot at tho officials. They will put in a
plea that, while no one blames tho roads for
refusing a free rate, at tho same time tho en-
campment will bo a goner if they do not como
to the rescuo. Tho result of to-morrow'B con-
feronco will bo watched with interest, as it is
believed that the roads will stand pat on the
LOW ItATRS TO NEW ORLEANS.
The Houston and Texas Central has issued
this appended supplement to the summer ex-
cursion rate shoot, effoctive to-morrow.
To New To Now
From— Orleans. From— Orloans.
Hempstead $20 15 McKinney $21 *5
N'avasota 20 15 Van Ayistyno 21 3")
Bryan 20 15 .Sherman 21 M
H arno 2015 Donlson 21
Bremond 20 15 Brenham 2010
(irooiboeck 2015 Giddlngs 20 40
Mexia 20 15 Elgin 20 10
('Orsieana 20 15 Manor .....2100
Ennis 20 40 Austin 2175
Dallas 20 40 Llano 26 75
Richardson 20 95 Waxabrchlo 20 40
Piano 2115 Fort Worth 20 40
Calvert 20 15
Make round trip rates to Hay St. Louis, Miss.,
$2 W) over abovo.
Make round trip rates to Biloxi, Miss., $1 00
Mako round trip rates to Ocean Springs, Miss.,
$4 20 over above.
Make round trip rates to Pass Christian, Miss.,
$2 00 ovor above.
Now Orleans tickets good umll November 15,
with continuous trip transit limit in each direc-
tion. Limit Hay St. Louis Biloxi, Ocean Spring
and Pass Christian tickets as per summer excur-
sion rate sheet No. 1.
THE CENTf'.AL MAKES A REDUCTION.
The Fort Worth nnd Denver has made a
rate of $25 from Fort Worth to Pueblo, Den-
ver and Colorado Springs, which goos into
effect to-morrow, the 27th instant. This is a
reduction of $5 from the rates form irly in
effect which wero promulgated by the Gal-
veston meeting some time ago. Rates from
other points on the line of the Fort Worth
and Denver will be reduced proportionately
and the Houston and Texas Central to-day
meets tho cut by the issuance of tho following
supplement to the summer excursion rate
shoot effectivo to-morrow:
From— Memphis. From— Memphis.
Hempstead $.5 95 McKinney.. $44 .SO
Navauota 27 55 Van Alstyno 34 HO
Bryan 28 70 Shorraan HI 80
Hearno 29 55 Duniton 34 80
Calvort 29 95 Brenham 25 95
Bromond 30 45 Giddiugs 2 95
Groesbeock 31 55 Klgin 25 95
Mexia 32 00 Manor 25 95
Corsicana H3 15 Austin 25 95
Knnis 34 00 Llano 2i 95
Dnllas 34 80 Waxahachie 34 60
Richardson 31 80 Fort Worth 31 80
Piano 34 80
Those rates are on round trip business via
Houston and New Orleans. Limits same as given
in f uramor excursion rate sheet No. 1.
Mako round trip rates to Cairo, 111., via Hous-
ton and Now Orleans ono and ono-third of the one
way rate, quoted via Houston and Now Orleans
in Texas rate shoot No. 46. L.mits same as given
in summer excursion rate sheet No. 1.
Reduce round trip rates quoted via Fort Worth
to Puoblo, Colorado Springs and Denver, Col.,$5.
To abovo Colorado points via Kansas City you
may make round trip rate by adding $25 to round
trip rate quoted to Kansas City, ticketB good
until November 15. with transit in each direction
as given in Texas rate sheet, or for tickets good
for thirty days from date of sale, with transit
limits in each direction as given in Texas rate
shoot, add $20 to round trip rates quoted to Kan-
THROUGH CHAIR CARS.
Traveling Passenger Agent Lawson of the
Missouri, Kansas and Texas is in receipt of
the following communication, which is solf-
DeniSon, Tex., June 24.—Dear Sir: I am ad-
vised by Mr. James Barker, our general passenger
and ticket agent, that, commencing on the 23d in-
stant, a through chair car line will bo estab-
lished between Houston and Chicago, via Hanni-
bal. in our trains Nos. 3 and 4. The^e chair cars
will be run between Texas and Chicago in the
above numbored trains in addition to tho sleep-
ing cars which now run in the saino trains be-
tween Waco and Chicago. li. P. Hughes.
In accordance with the above the Katy is
now running through chair cars ana through
sleepers between Houston and Chicago.
T. W. Parks, superintendent of telegraph
for the International and Great Northern,
spent to-day in Houston.
Tom McCandless, traveling passenger agent
of the Queen and Crescent, was in the city to-
day and left to-night for Dallas.
G. W. Beers of the general freight office of
the Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe at Galveston
was a visitor to Houston to-day.
A. L. Bower, superintendent of bridges and
buildings for the International and Great
Northern, was in the city to-day.
Sam Timpson, chief clerk in the local
freight office of the Houston East and West
Texas, was on the sick list to-day.
Colonel Faulkner, who has been out at his
farm in Ellis county for several days past, is
expocted in Houston to-night or to-morrow.
P. Wilson, traveling auditor of the Houston
and Texas Central, visited Galveston to-day,
but returned to-night and went up the Central.
Tom Parks, superintendent of telegraph
for the International and Groat Northern, will
start out to-morrow for a tour over the lino of
the Columbia tap.
W. J. Taylor, general baggage agent of the
International and Great Northern, passed
through Houstou to-day, en route from Gal-
veston to Palestine.
The International and Great Northern peo-
ple are building a new freight office at Bon-
ner's point, near the San Jacinto bridge, for
city delivery of goods in bulk loads.
General Passenger Agent Parks of the
Southorn Pacific is not getting proud, but his
office is being handsomely fixed up just the
same. Now furniture was being placed in
General Passenger Agent Barker of the Mis-
souri, Kansas and Texas, is expected in Texas
soon to make a tour of the state. He has not
been here since his recent appointment to his
The Southern Paciflo announces a rate of
one and one-third first-class fare for tho round
trip to Kansas City, Hannibal, Memphis and
Cairo, to go into effect to-morrow, good until
November 15. Tickets will be kept on sale
until October 3L
Velasco Terminal Meeting.
Velasco, Tex., June 26.—There will be a
meeting of the Velasco Terminal's directors
and stockholders in the company's office on
Front street to-morrow to decide about the
extension of the road to Bome point yet un-
known and to conclude the business of issuing
$20,000 worth of bonds per mile to be ex-
pended in the work.
Chicago, 111., June 26.—The Northern Pa-
cific to-day announced another cut in San
Francisco and St. Paul rates. It is now more
than likely that serious trouble will grow out
of the present condition or affairs.
Will Assume Control.
Louisville, Ky., June 26.—It is reported
in railroad circles horo that the Louisville and
Nashvillo will assume control of the Newport
News and Mississippi Valley railroad July 1.
Bryan Snyder, division freight agent of the
Gulf, Colorado and Santa Fe railway, with
headquarters at Dallas, was hero yester-
R. S. Fife, traveling freight agent of the
Missouri, Kansas and Texas, with headquarters
at Houston, was here yesterday.
Why don't you try Carter's Little Liver pills?
They are a positive cure for sick headache and
all the ills produced by disordered liver. Only
one pill a dose.
Could Not Leave.
New York, June 26.—-Owing to the non-
arrival of the navy yard cutter which was to
tow her, the Viking ship did not leave for
Chicago this morning, as was intended.
The delicious fragrance, refreshing coolness and
soft beauty imparted to the skin by PozzoNi'fl
Powder commends it to all ladios.
flick TTeadarheand relieve all th* '"oublea Incl
dent to a bilious state of the iv ,ru, such an
Diztlnew, Nausea. DrowHine»K. lustres* after
eating. Pain in tne Hide, Sto While their most
remarkable success has been shown in curiug
Headache, yet Carter's Littmc Livkr Pills
are equally valuable in Constipation, curing
and preventing this annoying complaint, while
they also correct all disorders of the stomach,
stimulate the liver and regulate the bowels.
j4ven If they only cured
Ac!ie tVy would be almost priceless to those
who suffer from this digressing complaint:
but fortunately their goodn«se does not end
ht-re. ami th<me who once try them will find
these little pills valuable In so many ways that
they will not be willing to do without them,
but after all sick head
Is the bane of so many lives that here fs where
we make our groat boast. Our pills cure it
while others do not.
Carter's Little Liver Pills are very small
and very easy to take. One or two pills make
a dose. They are Ktrictly vegetable and do
not gripe or purge, but by their gentle action
nlease all who uso them. Tn vials at 25 centH.
five for $1. Sold evervwhere, or sent by mail
CASTES miCXNS SC., Few York.
U SialSsss. Small Prist
The Presidents of all Labor Organizi-
tions of this city aro requested to meet at Knitf hts
of Labor hall, with as many of their mombors as
Sossible. on Saturday evening. July 1. to wolcomo
Ir. Lowndes of St. Louis, who will deliver an
addrews upon "Unionism" at Ball high school
square. See small bills for further information.
JAY T. ROGERS,
GEORGE A. WILSON,
FOR SALE—One plant of three double
flue boilers, 20 foet long, 48 inches diameter, in-
cluding fire front for superheating, smoke stack;
stoam and mud drum in good condition. At
Taylor compress, Galveston, Tex. This plant
will be sold cheap for cash. Address
J. P. BO WEN, Manager.
Or H. RIESEL, Chief Engineer.
AUCTION TRADE SALE.
TO-DAY—At 10 a. m. at our salesroom,
Strand: Women's, Misses' and Children's Rod
Sippors and Button Boots; Men's and Boys' Shoes
in balmoral and button; Suspenders. Underwear,
Hosiery, Jumpers, Neglige*' Shirts and other fur-
mehing goods. Also for account of steamship,
G dozen Men's Shoes. 10 dozen Asiort -d Hats.
Also an invoice of Furniture consisting of Rock-
ers, Reclining Chairs, Bedsteads. Common Sense
Rockers, etc. Also one Silver Cornet, perfectly
new and in splendid order.
PEN LAND & BREATH.
Send us your orders for Window
Prompt shipment and bottom
prices guaranteed on any size of
single or double thick.
Extra large sizes, double thick,
always in stock.
The makers of Dueber-
Hampden W a t c h e s
know that they will
bear examination. The
more buyers learn
about them the better
they will be liked. It
will pay any one to stop
at Canton and see the
An engraving of the buildings, "The Closing
Hour," by H. F. Farny, showing the employees
homeward bound, will be sent free to any address
by The DuEBua Watch Works, Canton, O.
Agriculture, Insueance, Statistics & History,
Austin, Tox., May 30,1893,
To all whom it may concern:
This is to certify that the
PREFERRED ACCIDENT INSURANCE CO.
of New York, N. Y.,
has in all respects fully complied with the laws
of Texas as conditions precedent to its doing
business in this state, and that said compauy
holds a certificate of authority from this office
entitling it to do business in this state for eight
months from the 1st day of May, 1893, to the
31st day of December, 1893.
Given under my hand and seal, at office, in Aus-
tin, the day and date first above written.
[l.s.] JNO. E. HOLL1NGSWORTH,
LOST OB FAILING MANHOOD,
General and Nervous Debility,
Weakness of Body and
Mind, Effects of Errors
or Excesses in Old or
Young. Robust, Noble
Manhood fully Restored.
How to Enlarge and
Strengthen Weal;, Un-
developed Organs and
Parts of Body. Abso-
I lutely unfailing Home
... J Treatment—Benefits in a
day. Men testify from f»0 States and Foreign
Countries. Write them. Descriptive Rook,
explanation and proofs mailed (sealed) free.
ERIE MEDICAL CO., Buffalo, N.Y.
Saw Mill Plant
8603 ACXES OF LAND
IN I'UU COUNT*. TEX.
Tho Sawmill Plant, Planing Mill, Dry Kiln, Lo-
comotive, about bVt miles of Tram Roa l. a d
with iron and steel rails, Cars, Building*, etc.. of
the Anglo Lumber Oomnony and S60.1 acre* <f
Land upon wiiich the abovo Plant is located <>'
which pbout 50)0 acres aro International i-i
Groat Northern Railroad survoys freooi all tn* •
until the voar 1900, will bo sold by the undersu/ i
by order of the United States Circuit ('our
tho door of the Courthouse at Livingston, P >. i
county, Texas betweou tho hours of 1U a. m. and
t p. in., Tuesday. July 4,1893.
Thi« is a Good Plant, originally costing about
$100,000, exclusive of the cont of Lends, and is sit-
uated at Strykor. Polk county. Toxa«, on the line
of the Trinity nnd Sabine, now a part of the Mis-
fiouri. Kansas and Texas Railway System. Thore
is a large a nount of hard wood timber on these
lands, but most of the Pino has been cut Plenty
of Pine Timber can b-« obtained for stumpage
within a reasonable distance of the mil' to run it
for several years. For particular* address
1AA II. EVAN.«>, CommM*ion«r.
Gained 15 Pub
••I have beon at (-est .offerer front
Torpid l.iver and ».r>pep.ia. Every
tiling 1 ate dUagreed with uie an till
I can now dlgevt any kind of food |
never have a headache, and Uave gain-
ed fifteen pound, in weight.*'
IV. C. iCHVUXI, Columbia, S. «.
TO ™ WIEIM ■jEkhhbi
err«m, 1*m of Manly Vieor, waiting wenkneM,
Varicocele. Ac. I hav«» u poult lv« remedy for tne abov«
complaints, and by Its us? thousands of cases of tha
worst kin I and of long standing hare been restored to
health and Manhood. Indeed, so strong Is my faith la
Its curative power* that I will send one ftill •lard
•uckase, tree of charge, to any afflicted sufferar.
*<Ur0M? jeH01\ F. C. JfOWLKlt. Moodua. Con*.
TO HIRERS OF CONVICT LABOR-Bids will
bo received until 12o'clock m., July 12, 1893,
for tho hire of about 800 nogro convicts, to be
worked on farms, in forces of not less than fifty,
for a term of two years.
Each bid must bo accompanied by bond signed
by two or more responsible sureties and evidence
of their responsibility in tho Bumof $1000.
Conditioned, that if his bid be accepted the
bidder will furnish a bond of $f<000 for every fifty
convicts and $ 10,00!) for 100 canvicts or over, for
tho faithful performance of the contract that
may be awarded to him.
Each bid and bond must bo inclosed together in
a sealed envelope and directed to John W. Spivey,
Secrotary Penitentiary Hoard, Austin, Toxaw.
The bids will bo opened in tho presence of the
public at the office of the ponitontiary board, at
Austin, Texas, at 12o'clock m., July 12, 1893.
Bids may be submitted in the following form:
For a stipulated amount per capita to be paid by
tho bidder por month, tho contractor to furnish
prison house, to board sergeant and guards,
furnishing good, plain fare and clean, comfort-
able beds for guar >s, and furnishing horses and
saddle* for tho guards to uso when on duty, and
to feed convicts in accordance with the rules and
regulations, and to be at the expeiibo of moving
suoplies and convicts to and from the nearest
railroad station. The state to pay sergeant and
guards, to clothe convicts, pay for medical at-
tention and lost time for sickness.
As thero are numerous stipulation and condi-
tions to bo complied with in bidding for the hire
oi those convicts, parties proposing to bid are re-
quested to write to L. A. Whatley, superintend-
ent of penitentiaries, Huntsville. Texas, for any
further information, if any should be desired.
The board reserves the right to reject any and
all bids submitted. L. A. WHATLEY,
Superintendent Texas State Penitentaries.
Bridge Fuilders, Attention.
QEALED PROPOSALS will be received by the
O Commissi'mors' Court of Burleson county up
to 2 p. m. July 17. A. D. 1893, for the erection of an
iron bridge over Davidson's creok, on the Caldwell
and Tunis road. Length of bridge about 80 foot;
height of center span about 10 foot. Payment on
or before January 1,1894. Plags and specifica-
tions to accompauy each bid. The court reserves
the right to reject any and all bids.
THOMAS M. HUNT,
County Judge Burleson County.
Caldwell, Tex., Juno 21,1893.
Sealed proposals for the erection of one brick
dynamo room, ono brick laundry and ice factory,
one foundation for stand pipe and several
smaller foundations will be received by the un-
dersigned until 12 m. Saturday. July 15.
Plans and specifications can be seen at this
oflice. L. S. ROSS. President Agricultural ana
Mechanical College, College Station, Tex.
ii Bins 01;
AGENTS AND MANUFACTURERS.
CW.ALSWORTH, sole a?ent for Avery Plow*,
• Cultivators and Planters. Old Hickory
Wagons, Plaut'n Hardware.Mail orders solicited.
IRON AND BRASS WORKS.
A& E. F. McGOWEN—Wood Split Pulleys,
• Shafting, Boiler Tubes, Castings and Repair
Works. Houston, Tex.
LIME AND CEMENT.
DAN CROWLEY, importer and dealer in Lime,
Cement, Piaster Paris, Hair. Laths, Fire
Brick. Clay, Sewer Pipe. No. 6 Commerce 8t.
MACATEE A CO., Lima and cement, Dealers
in Portland and Rosendale Cement, Lime,
Plaster, Fire Brick, etc.
MAT IRES MANUFACTURERS.
LOTTMAM BROS., manufacturers of spring
bed9, mattressos. comforts, blankets, woven
wire spings, cots, etc; cor. 2d and Railroad sts.
M l AM L.AUNDRlE.>.
The finest south-
si Packard's Troy Steam Laundry.
All work intrusted to us receives prompt and
careful attention. 912 Prairie Avenue. Phone
332, Houstou. Tex.
the finest cookers.
the greatest heaters.
Otlx- "SUCCESS" at $30
has no equal.
Saves your time and saves your money.
All orders or complaints should be left at th«
office of tho company, at 2422 Market st.
THE GALVESTON fcrAS CO.
JOHN S. EWALT, Sec'y and Treas.
.r Ask your Druggist for I
bottle of Big tt. The only
J non-poisonous remedy for all 1
f the unnatural discharges and
I private diseases of men and the
debilitating weakness peculiar
I to women. It cures in a few
I days without the aid otf
\ publicity of a doctor.
i The Universal American Cure:
Evans Chemical Co.®
u. s. a.
RUPTURE and PILES
j Without the KNIFE of
F detention from business
Fistula, FiNsuro, Ulceration
of tho Brctum, Hydroc«Bi|
and Varicocele. Why wear •
»truss or sutier when you can I «
, cured T No Pay until Curca.
Send stamp for descriptive
.pamphlet, containing cer-
jf tilicates from many promi-
nent people, some of whom
you may know. Address
DR.F.J, DICKEY, 395 Main St.,Dallas,Tsx.
~Onr FTOFICTIOIT STRING* fhw jrttfi «J«T
la CLEAN. Doca not STAIN. PREVENTS STRICTURE,
CutM OONOnBHOCA and OLCIT ia Om» » *ooa
▲ QUICK CUKE for LKUCORBHCBA or WHITES. _
Bold by all DRUGGISTS. S«nt to any Addreii tor ft.WL.
lUM'UOB lUKCfACTUaiKU COM LANCASTER 01110.
For sale by J. J. Sl'HOTT, Agt., GalAeston, Tex
IAD1KS! Chichostor's English Pennyroyal
j Pills (Diamond brand) are tho best. Safe, re-
liable. Takonoother. Sena4c (stamps) for partic-
ulars. "Relief for Ladies," in letter by return mail.
At Druggists. Chichester Chera, Co,, Phila., Pa.
Anilllfl Morphias Habit Cured In It
OlvlllBn i-oSWdaya. Nopwtill«or«S.
Ill IUSWI Or* V kphea^uiwiaott.
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 96, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 27, 1893, newspaper, June 27, 1893; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth467969/m1/3/: accessed November 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.