The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 96, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 27, 1893 Page: 4 of 8
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, TUESDAY, JUNE 27, 1S93.
Jlw 3;ulii 3Xclu
A. H. BELO A CO., PcnusnEiis.
Entered nttho I'ostofllce at Qalveston u second
Office nf Publication, No«. 1108 and 2110 Me-
chanic Street, (ialvat>U>n.
Eastern ofllcs, 83 Tribune Building, New York.
TUESDAY. JUNE 27, 1893.
THE NEWS* TRAVELING AGENTS.
The following tire the travoling representa-
tives of Tuk Galveston News and The Dal-
ies News, who are authorized to solicit and
receipt for subscriptions and advertisments
for eithor publication: T, B. Baldwin, Mar-
chant Little, J. A. Sloan, C. H. Cox, Walter
Woods, J. D. Lmthicum, H. P. Simonds, A
T. Clark, J. T. Lynn and E. B. Lyle.
A. H. Belo 4 Co.
Galveston, Tex., May 1,181*3.
THE NEWS IN CHICAGO.
The Galveston Daily News can be found
on Bale at the following places in Chicago:
Postofeicb News Company, 91 Adams
Fai.meh House News Stand.
I. Samuelson <fc Co., Great Northern Holal.
Wells B. Sizes, 189 State street.
Union News Company, General Passenger
Depot and World's Pair Grounds.
SILVER DOLLAR ILLUSIONS.
A serious question grows naturally out of
the viows of Congressman Pendleton regard-
ing the monetary problem. If all the silver
of this country and of the earth were turnod
into the mint for coinage at weights adjusted
to its market value in gold how large a dollar
would come out? Would it be as large as a
cart wheel or barely as largo as a full moon?
The answers to these questions, as all will
admit, must depend vory much upon tho
quantity of silvor available for coinage. If
thoro were in tho world as much silvor as thoro
is of iron the former metal would not be con-
sidered suitable for tho money of tho coun-
try. While the stamp of tho government might
make it good at homo it would certainly be
discounted abroad and would not be a fair
and safe representative of the crcdit of the
commercial world as gold, a loss abundant
metal, is. Silver dollars, in order to keep
them up to an intrinsic value of 100 cents each,
would be apt to grow entirely too heavy for
practical uses if the earth wore composed one-
half of silver. Referring to the danger of a
marvelouB increase in the production of Bilver,
the Louisville Courier-Journal has tho fol-
lowing timely and sensible observations and
Silvor production is constantly increasing and
silver bullion is steadily falling in tho markot,
notwithstanding tho Sherman law, whose spon-
sors promised that it would bring the price of
silver up to $1 29, the flguro at which tho silvor
dollar would contain a dollar's worth of silvor.
Moreover, a new process of treating silver ore by
electricity has been perfected, which, it is be-
1 lieved, will tend still furthor to increase silver
production anil add still another element of un-
certainty to tho problem of silver currency. Tho
silver product in this country incroased from
something over 46.000,000 fine ounces in 1£S9 to
about 08,000,000 last year. Tho silvor product of
the world incroased from about 125.OOU.OUO ounces
in 1MI to 152,OjO,OUO last year. Should tho now
process prove as successful as it is claimed it will
prove this output will be largely augmented.
The process in question is a method of extract-
ing silver from ore by electricity, which-will
cheapen tho cost of production, and start up
many mines, which, owing to the low price of
silver, are now idle. These mines ordinarily
depend upon distant smelters, the machinery of,
which is very costly, and at the present rate for
silver bullion tho expense of transporting tho
ores to tho smelters loaves no margin of profit.
Tho new process, it is said, will enable those
mines to resume oporations profitably. If this
is true who can say how much greater silvor pro-
duction is to bo: how much lowflr prices
will fall; how much widor the disparity between
gold and silver currency at tho present ratio will
grow, and unless congress shall apply propor
remedial legislation what additional element of
unstability and uncortainty it will give to our
It must be apparent to every person who
considers those figures that Congressman
Pondloton's dollar iB apt to turn out to be a
quantity of vory uncortain size. It will vary
with the price of silver; tho price of silver,
like all other prices, will depend very much
upon the quantity of it. But on the othor
hand who can say what benefits could accrue
to debtor or consuming interests, needing or
clamoring for an increasing volume of cur-
rency, from the coinage of any amount of Bil-
ver into full dollars at a ratio to maintain
them in strict parity with gold, or into short
dollars raised to such parity by the Btamp of
the government credit? The relative scarcity
of gold under either of these conditions would
determine the actual supply of the money ele-
ment available for use between debtor and
creditor and between soller and buyer. In
these relations there could be felt no material
increase or decrease in money circulation as
long as parity between the gold dollar and the
Bilver dollar remained unshaken. But let us
Buppose that there should be a resistless pres-
sure to force an indefinite inflation of currency
by the minting of short silverdoliars in quan-
tities that would bury parity and the gold
standard under an immeasurable output of
depreciated coinago or its representative pa-
per. In the face of such a pressure the great
mass of tho small dobtors of the country
wouid be tho first and most active suttererB
from the conservative instinct of business to
discount in advance nnd in every way possible
to guard against the troubles and embarrass-
ments of impending inflation. It is exactly
the apprehension of tho displacement of gold
and the establishment of a debased standard
in short silver dollars or in fiat paper that has
of late made stringency so sore and frequently
so crushing for the average debtor and the
average borrower throughout the country.
Then when all classes and ail interests had
suffered or settled down to business at prices
inflated, say, 100 per cent, the situation would
not bechanged in the least aB regards the
value of the available money in circulation. In
other words, $2 could buy then only what one
could buy before. There would remain noth-
ing of the heroic undertaking to jump into
general and fabulous afHuonce by simply fiat-
izing a nominal volume of circulation, but the
nauseous memory of vanished illusions.
A political party, in order to hold the con-
fidence of the poople, must refuse to compro-
mise any of their rights.
THE BANKS AS CUSTODIANS.
That the present is a hard time financially
there can bo no question. The banks are
bound to protect themsolveB, each other, their
depositors, their regular customers and the
communities in which thoy exist. ThiB thoy
will do by regarding the existing obligations
backed by good security as being bettor en-
titled to extonsion than now loans proposed
for negotiation, and the banks have in their
possession a large cash reserve with which to
meet possible calls by timid or necessitous
depositors. Should thore bo any com plaint in
the business world that tho banks aro acting
closely it can very well be replied
that the bank is but doing its duty to always
have ready such funds of depositors as thore
is any serious ground for expecting it may be
called on to produce. That is tho way to pre-
vent bankruptcy which otherwise might occur
through n momentary scarcity of cash while
issets In othor form worn more than sufficient.
Lot tho borrower go whoro there is no obliga-
tion to keop funds in cash, and whore conse-
quently if ho can borrow bocause he possesses
security the lender jeopardizes nothing. As for
tho banks, they aro responsible for too much
to Incroaso their iiabilitios nnd diminish their
reserve at a time when almost every now loan
would be apt to bo followed by a plea
for ronewal. This condition is about rcachod
by the bulk of existing credits for tho prosent
summer. Good crops and prudential action
by congress, such as the oreditor needs to be
ccrtain what tho dollar shall bo that he will
get back, will be abundantly sufficient to
placo tho country on a high level of prosperity
for somo time to come, but just now the
banks propose to save what is sound, nnd it
should be a matter of gratulation
that they have started in timely and
firmly determined to risk nothing but
on the contrary to merit the continued confi-
dence placed in them as depositories of cur-
rent funds. This way there will be some
check to enterprise but thoro will be tranquil
and solid conditions for the actual owners of
tho funds. Tho soundor part of tho enterpris-
ing sort of men have the use of all that could
be spared ond therewith they must be con-
tent. Firmness is all that is required and
firmness is being mado the watchword.
The democrntio platform adopted at Chi-
cago is supposed to have been the work of
statesmen fully qualified to contemplato and
provide for all deficiences and exigencies dur-
ing the official term following its adoption. It
Bays nothing whatever about a graduated in-
como tax or about tho prospective deficiency
over which the spoilsmen are now raving.
ASYLUM REFORM NEEDED.
Tho CRse of Henry I'urnell of Austin, re-
cently published in 1'he News, boing denied
admission to any of the insane asylums of
Texas because of thoir crowded condition,
does not establish any abuse of the preroga-
tive given to the superintendent under the
law, but suggests in somewhat startling dis-
tinctness tho temptation for superintendents
to oxorcise discretion temporod with partisan-
ship. The law on the subject is as follows:
Art, 113. Upon return of a verdict finding that
the defendant is of unsound mmil and it is nec-
essary that he be placed undor restraint, judg-
ment shall be ontorod adjudging the defendant
to be a lunatic and ordering him to be convoyed
to tho lunatic asylum for restraint and treat-
Art. 87. If application be mado for tho admis-
sion of moro patients than can be accommodated
in tho asylum proforenco shall be given in all in-
stances to public over private uatieuts, and of
the former class to cases of not less than ono
year's duration over chronic cases, and of indi-
gent patients ovor others possessed of property,
and no private patients shall bo admitted during
pondency of an application by a public patient
nor shall a public non-indigent patient be ad-
mitted during tho pendency of an application by
an indigent public patient.
Art. 91 provides: Tho Following persons may be
admitted into the asylum as patients:
1. All persons who have been adjudged insane
by a court of competent jurisdiction, etc.
2. All porsons cortiflod to be inBane by some
regular physician, etc.
First are known as public and second as private
It appears that Purnoll was formerly an in-
mate of the Austin asylum and was released
asoured. Subsequently ho killed Dr. Reeves,
superintendent of the Austin asylum, and on
trial was committed to tho Travis county jail
as a lunatic. Purnoll was either not cured
beforo or he relapsed after his cure. Ho may
bo an incurable or ho may bo yet susceptible
of cure. If cured once he may bo cured
again. Hp can be denied admission to any
asylum.at tho optjop of the superintendent,
who, under the ourrent construction of the
law, may rcject him for a case of less than a
year's standing if thore should bo room for
only ono of the two. Another caso is re-
ported from Palestine. In the correspond-
ence elsowhere in to-day's News Dr. Preston
says the patient, a Mrs. Smith, was not re-
garded as "curable," leaving the impression
that if sho had been so regarded
she might have boon admitted.
How aro curable casos determined?
Can physicians so diagnose a case of lunacy
as to determine boforo treatment whethor tho
patient is curable? If so, it seems that much
haB beon gained in tho solution of tho asylum
problem, and upon that assumption it would
soem wise for a law to be passed rolegating
all incurables to comfortable and economical
coufinement without treatment, and reserving
the equipment of scientifically conducted asy-
lums for tho curables. Tho suggestion oc-
curB here that perhaps many of the present in-
mates in tho asylums are incur-
ables taking up accommodations that
might bo more profitably given to
curable3 languishing in county jails. On a
subject so opaquo as lunacy it is conceded that
much must bo left to scientific determination,
and that superintendents aro presumed to be
men of ordinary scientific accomplishment,
if not, indeed as they should be, insanity ox-
pertB. But such knowledge iB not limited to
the threo men at tho head of tjie asylums, and
it would not be strange if other and capable
exports should differ from those in authority
upon the merits of a givon case. Neither is it
unlikely (hat a superintendent with unlimited
discretion might, undor stress of political or
personal preference, strain his science to suit
Patronage is growing moro dangerous for
the politicians every day. In tho end it is go-
ing to choke some of the greedy fellows who
depend upon it to death.
Have w»men good taste? asks J unius Henri
Browne in Worthington's Illustrated Maga-
zine. That depends. It depends altogether
what fashions are prevailing. If those in
vogue aro in good taste that of women is so
also; if they are hideouB the taste of women is
of like character. That is to Bay, the taste of
women is sacrificed on the altar of fashion.
If it says grip yoursolvos until you look like
wasps, they grip. If it says expose your arms
and necks, they expose. If it says trail your
dresses in the mud, they trail. If it tells them
to bag their sleeves, they bag, and so, on world
without ond. Taste has nothing to do with it.
They may have good taste and not exhibit it.
Taste with them is a secondary consideration.
Is it fashionable? is the question always upper-
Most people stuff their brains as thoy pack
thoir trunks—that is, pell-mell, heltor-skelter,
often putting at tho bottom that which they
will need first, and consequently have to hesi-
tate for a time when thoy want a fact or an in-
cident for immediate use. This want of
method may make a full brain but not a
disciplined one. It has been Baid that the one
who knows the most law is not of necessity
tho best lawyer, practically speaking, but the
succosBful lawyer is he who has his knowledge
bo arranged in his brain that ho can find what
he wants when he wants it. So it is with all
other matters that call for nimble brain power.
Hence the ready man is of necessity a method-
ical man. This is a fact that teachers should
bear in mind.
The horticultural exhibition held at Rock-
port is calculated to attract a great deal of at-
tention to this state as a fruit growing region.
for it has beon demonstrated there that many
fruit*, especially those of a semi-tropical
character, can be raised here in as noar per-
fection as they can anywhero elio in the
world. Grapes, In particular, find hore just
tho climate and soil they need, and so do
pouches, strawberries, melons and many other
productions which have been awaiting tho
hand of man. The particulars of that exhibi-
tion should be published in full and scattered
over the ontire union.
It is difficult to ooncsiveof anything fraught
with more danger to this country than tbe
policy of encouraging laborers from all na-
tions to como in while discouraging and in
some instances driving out foreign capital.
Lot the two come in togethor and ono will
utilize the other to the groat benefit of this
country. Keep out capital and continue to
restrict home production by prohibiting its
profitable exchange for foreign commodities
and many of the now arrivals will ourtaiuly
find no labor in which to engage.
Let the democratic party keep "economy"
written on the bulletin board.
A politician becomos daugorous and unre-
liable just us soon as he considors it nocesaary
to depend for a living upon his office.
Tub Denton County News drags its coat-
tail in tho Band and dares the Greenville Ban-
ner to step on it. The Denton County News
is tho only one, paper or person, on earth that
is displeased with the reports of Sam Jones'
sermons as they appearod in the Dallas and
Galveston News. The Greenville Banner,
with admirable tact and dignity, exposed the
critic's sore. Tho latter now comes back with
Bone questions that do it as little credit aa
Ring onco did himself on a celebrated and
similar occasion. This racy questioner aBks:
"Isn't it an undeniable fact that the articlo
that appoared in the Banner under the bead-
ing of 'Journalistic Fairness' was totally pre-
pared in tho office of or by an employe of
The Dallas News?" T here is hardly a doubt
that everybody else in Texas knows that it
was not, but in order to be charitable and to
help along the Denton County News man,
Tue News gladly oxplains to him that the Ban-
ner people are fully able to do thfeir own work
well and that his charges and questions are
foolishness and not journalism. Let him talk
through some older man's hat awhile.
Laborers are pouring into this country and
it goes with any intelligent person without
saying that foreign capital must come In in
due proportion in order to employ and utilize
all this increase. Any politics or legislation
that destroys confidence and drives or koope
out foreign capital is, uuder the circum-
stances, sure to loave American laborers out
of employment. '
If all hands took the same side in every con-
troversy who would be left to put the rising
generation to thinking?
A wise man is sometimes very much puz-
zled over his own head.
Do not wallow in your own selfishness. Do
not keep your eyes on the ground, Go forth;
look up; be just.
Consult both your head and your heart.
It takes a beautiful female musician to draw
It takes something more than clothes to
build a man up.
THE STATE PRESS.
What the Papers Throughout the State
Are Talking About.
The New Braunfels Herald says:
I have known many a man to be happy who
was not worth $100 all told, but never knew
one to be happy who was worth a million.
The poorest man in tho country is the man
who owns more poor land then he is able to
pay taxos on; he is really an object of com-
passion, if not of charity. Tho richest man
in the country is tho man who has laud enough
on which to make a living and is content
with what he has, and does not covet that
which belongs to his neighbor.
Rev. H. S. McMillan, colored, says in the
the Palestine Times:
I feel convinced that the white man of the
south dosiros to live with his "neighbor in
black," in peace and in harmony to "let by-
gones be by-goneB." Both races are adapted
to each other nnd to the sunny southland—the
land that yields so much resourcos for thoir
wellbeing. They know each other. The white
man of the south can sympathize with the
colored man moro than any other; for tho
former knows tho needs, and troubles, and
peculiarities of tho latter, and can best help to
alleviate him. Thoy can't live without each
other no moro than the head can without the
body. Providence brings tho colored man
here to remain and no emigration or exodus
movement will solve this problem. In no
country is a well bohaved man and women of
color better troated than in Palestine. Tho
whites here are ready at every true and just
cause to help the colored man; they give him
a chanca to merit a livelihood.
If the El Paso papers would drop local poli-
tices and publish more news they would
greatly oblige .
A mixed metaphor. The Willis Index says:
If the newspapers that keep firing away at
Governor Hogg get any pleasure out of it he
certainly doesn't object. But gnawing a file
is generally conceded to be neither a pleasant
nor a profitable employment.
Shooting guns and gnawing files at the same
time would seem to be rather hard on the
The following is from the Live Oak County
The following letter is an example of the
strange ideas which prevail among a certain
class of the Mexican population west of the
Nueces. Tho writer lias conversed with some
very intelligent Mexicans on the subject, and
finds that an opinion like this prevails: That
when the treaty of peace was made with Mex-
ico in 1848 the United States agreed that the
territory between the Nueces and Rio Grande
should bo a common grazing ground, free, not
charged, to all Americans and Mexicans alike,
and should not be allotted to individuals in
severalty. Some of the more ignorant cherish
tho hope that the flag of the Montezumas will
again float over this territory. The letter
will be amusing to students of Texas history:
Lagario, Live Oak county. Estate
of Texas.—Justice of the peace of Oakville.—
I throw iu this juror of Oakville, and has to
be executed by law. That this state shall be
in "Liberty," that every human being that
wish to farm Bhal be given unto him Land
free, not charged! That was the troaty made
by Mexico with U. S. of America,
Bigned in January 1847, that this land
must bo given (Nover sold) you must
order that the Pastures be tore down
only the fields be fencod that has boen the
law of Thomas Guy, and the same I give. Al-
so every man that pass with live stock shall
be recognized, they must show thire rights if
they have non they must bo punished accord-
ing to Law. Also those moil that are keeping
ferriage You must stop them from charging
when tho River is dry which is oaqual to rob-
ery, I requost these as a son of Mexico and
general policeman of the Estate of Texas,
these shall be eiicuted if not the law will turn
unto you with regularity. Also to prove unto
you, take chargo of the titles that was given
by Simon Watrnon Mexican Consul and
naighbor of tho U. S. of America. Also to
please you I take chapter of tho Christian law
and will show you the last truth, who is
christ, Ans. god and truthful man, if the man
is not truthful he is not a christian. Second
chapter, why is he cald christ auswer, for the
union and fully grace that has upon all things,
if we don't act like him we may live like
tho beaatei of the field, growling one another.
wo must act liko Christ says to be kind one
another, and by so doing we may oome to be
christians. You must publish all these articles
so overybody be well understood of all these
things. Yours truly,
Yl)U 1IAHI1IITP.K VlLLAUOMU,
Policeman of the State of Texas, Author-
ized by tho Qsnertil congress of the U. S.
of America and Mexico.
Tho San Marcos Era remarks:
Dr. Lyman Abbott of Brooklyn says that
Dr. Briggs is a modern prophet, entitled to
rank with the prophet* of the Bibl*. and the
only fault that ne finds with him is that he I*
too conservative. The following is a brief
summary of one of the Plymouth pastor's
late sermons: From the Ten Commandments
there begins to cluster a literature. But 1000
years pass by bofore that literaturo is framed
into anything like a book. There Is a priest-
hood. there is a prophecy, there is a cluircb.
but there Is no Bible, l'lio world has lived
400 years without a ohureh, and the church
livos 1000 years without the Bible, nnd tnon ill
tho time of Ezra, 400 or 500 years before
Christ, the Old Testament comes into somo-
thing like it* present form. Four hundrod
years more pass away. Christ comes. The
first thing Christ doe* is to inspiro a now hop*
and a now life in tho hearts of individ-
uals. Ho comes preaching tho gospel of hope,
glad tidings. And after hs has done this for
a year, or a year and a half, be gathers twelve
inon out of all thoee that listened and form*
tho nucleus of a church. A century and a
half at tho vory smalloet estimate pass by bo-
fore the New Teetament come* into existence.
Brother McNaughton of the Hayes County
Times is troubled;
Wondor when they are going to quit telling
us how to run thi* paper? Lord save us from
tho malicious spleen of an onvious contempo-
According to the Laredo Nows, the further
a Texan gets away from home, the more be is
drawn to it, like Goldiuiith In theWanderor:
The farther a true Texan gots from his
home, the prouder he is of nis stato. No
matter what the olrcuinstances or surround-
ings, be is always proud to Bay that ho i* from
Tho San Antonio Liflit says:
Dallas bars married women frotn tho
teacher's desk in the city schools. Dallas is
not wise The Gazette of Fort Worth claims
h scoop because it prophesied that Lizzie
Bordon would be acquitted. A wooden-headed
Punchinello could have done that. There was
nothing in the evidence on her original exam-
ination to indicate that there was anything in
the case but a big police blunder.
Old John Brown's body lies moldering in
tho grave, but his scaffold i» still moving on.
The Ennis Review says:
The scaffold on wh.ch Captain John Brown
nnd several of his aisociate* were hung at
Harper'* ferry on December 2, 1859, is in
Washington en route to Chicago, to be ex-
hibited at the world's fair.
The Stephensviile Empire says:
Don't let the issues of the last campaign
ector into tho next. Those issues died with
the campaign. They have served their pur-
pose. Don't resurrect them.
This can apply on.y to the issues introduced
by Messrs. Hogg and Keagan.
The Beaumont Journal says:
1'he times have changed. Formerly the
newspapers interviewed "prominent repre-
sentative" citizen*; nowadays "prominent
representative" citizens interview the news-
papers, and the nevspapers accommodatingly
Erint the interview. It is true, the change
as just been mate, but the brilliancy of the
effort insures its genoral adoption.
TheMexican Fintncier Bays:
In view of tho iirprovod price in the Unitod
States planters and holders of coffeo in Mex-
ico have advanced their figures. At the end
of May operationsfor export were effected at
$25 to $26 50 per qiintal of 100 pounds ac-
cording to class: unco then $27 and even $28
are tho figures at which the stocks are held.
This means Moxcan silver money, which is
at a discount even in Mexico. The Two Re-
publics quotes Me:ican gold 47@19 per cent
premium, Ameriian gold 52@54 per cent.
The Two Republcs has recoived from Mr.
Javier Stavoli, chief of the seyentli section or
bureau of statistic* of the treasury department,
the report of the coinage and precious metals
introduced inU the mints. Among the Inter-
esting tables ii the report are the following,
showing the Mexioan coinage from the estab-
lishment of tie first mint in new Spain.
cownial rebiqd, 1537 to 1821.
Silver 2,082,260.M7 44
Copper 542,839 37
Total $2.151,581,S»1 81
since inde7kndence, 1822 to june 30, 1892.
Gold ........ $55,070,018 00
Copper....: 6.363,312 57
Nickel... 4,(JOO.OOO 00
Total.. $1,276,511,826 95
Total coinage, 1537 to Junes;). 1892 . 3,428,093,788 76
The total of each metal in tho whole period:
Gold $123,848,429 00
Silver 3,293.339.153 82
Copper 6.906,205 94
Nickel 4,000,000 00
Total $3,428,093,788 76
The coinage of the fiscal year of 1891-93 con-
Gold $291,940 00
Silver 25,527,017 60
Copper 156,694 09
Total $25,975,651 69
A Case From Anderson County Denied at
Palestine, Tex., June 23.—To Thb News:
The accompanying letter to County Judge Mc-
Reynolds explains itself. It is one of several
received from Dr. PreBton in reference to tho
same patient. This poor woman was adjudged
insane by a jury many months ago, and through
the failure of the executive of Texas to make
the nocessary provisions for the state's unfortu-
nato and tho discretionary powers and personal
preference clause in the iaw sho has beon lit-
erally driveling out her miserable existence in
our jail over since. She remains there at oost
of the little roason she had when she entered,
at great trouble and expense to the county Rnd
to the constant annoyance of porsons doing
business and residing near the jail. What
sound reason can be givon to justify this state
of affairs? A. W. Ewino, County Attorney.
dr. preston's letter.
Terrell, Tex., April 10.—Hon. Z. A. Mc-
Reynolds, Palestine Tex.—Dear Sir: Yours at
hand. If you think writing to your repre-
sentative would hasten the matter, by all
means do so. I havo recommended that the
legislature make additions to this asylum and a
suggestion from you might get a vote in favor
of it. When asylums aro crowded the law re-
quires that preference shall be given to recent
and curable cases. Mrs. Smith's case was not
regarded as belonging to this class. Respect-
fully youra, Jno. Phebton, Sup't.
Confederate VeteranB of Walker County,
Huntsvir.lb, Tex., June 26.—Captain J. T.
Jarrard, who is managing the excursion of
confederate vetorans to leave hero for tho
Birmingham reunion, has recoived notic*
that the time for receiving names and fsra
for parties desiring to join the Chicago ex-
cursion has been extended to July 1. Ho
therefore desires Thb N ews to say to vetor-
aus in W alkor oounty that he will keop the
lists open hero until Wednesday noon, June
28, by which time all parties desiring to go
must havo matters arranged. .
Prof. S. J. Adams, recently elected princi-
pal of tho colored school, has notified Mayor
Sims of his declination of the position, the
salary not being satisfactory.
Rev, l>, Lylo Smith, pastor of the Christian
church in Brownwood, a Huntsville-raised
boy, preached in the Methodist church last
night to a large congregation. The service*
were union, all the ohurohe* in tha city
LEGENDS OF THE HILLS.
HISTORY AND B0MAN0E OF TEE
M0UNTAIN8 ABOVE AUSTIN.
A 8tory of Wa Fi^ht With the Indiana.
Loyal to tha Old Flaw—Beauty
of the Lake Soenery.
Austin, Tex., June 26.—|Speoial correspon-
dences—It is a wild, rugged, mountainous
region on either side of the dam lake a dis-
tance of twenty-five mile* and even up to and
above Marble Falls, extonding from the lake
shores from two to ten miles out. These Colo-
rado hills abound in rock. They are sepa-
rated by canyons, some of which are highly
picturesque. Wherever there is soil mountain
cedar, liveoak and other evergreens grow.
Upon three acros of mountain side belonging
to the Chatauqua grounds thoro are over thirty
varietios of tree growth, presenting every
phase of foliage and every shado of green.
Along the stony declevitics near the water
edge great varieties of ferns of luxuriant
growth aro found, but the spoiler from the
city is fast thinning them out. Wild grapes
and all kinds of vines abound along tho
wpter's odge, in the canyons and wherever a
plat of ground affords life-hold for plant
growth. A vast region through which tho
Colorado winds above tho city, wliere it de-
bouohes into tho plains, is of this description.
Mountainous hills, great boulders fallen to
the little valleys, precipitous mountain sides
whore upon the stono leuges nnd in the crov.
ices of rock a littlo soil has been gathored or
iias boen left in which troes, vines, shruoB,
ferns and ilowors grow in profusion; caves,
springs of sparkling cool water and birds,
squirrels and rabbits, nnd out in the wilder
and more inacceBBible places deer hiding out
by day all invite the idle city loungor to
ascend the lake and explore tho wilderness.
Most visitors and Austin people are content
to viow the scenery from the dock of tho Bon
Hur or some leaser lake steamor upon the de-
luBivo fancy that only "'T'is distance londs
enchantment to tno viow," and that nearer
aro merely uninviting details of time-worn
and brokon rock and scanty wood growth. A
few, however, camp upon the lake side far up
ill the hills, nnd are delighted with the closer
inspection of the fantastic* in vegetable, berb
and mineral growth. The atmosphere is pur-
ity itself and many degrees cooler than in the
town; thore are no mosquitoes or flies; fish
are plenty and easily caught when city worms
aro to be had; the birds warble, and tha
camper, after a fow days of rambling, sleeps
Boundly and eats like a tramp.
Through the mountains—as we call them—
wherever there is a valley of ten to thirty
acre* of land level enough for cultivation is
found the actual settler. The land is usually
very productive. The mountaineer i* able to
raise enough corn and garden truck for his
use, and until the dam lake submerged the
river road hauled wood to Austin, often a dis-
tance of twenty miles, for money to buy calico,
coffee, ammunition, tobacco and snuff. On
some fow river farms enough land was found
before the lake invaded the fields to raise all
Back away from the river in these hills there
are few living. The denizens generally are
a hardy people,
but they are shrewd and unexpectedly well in-
formed, though disposed to be unsuspicious and
too credulouB. Thoy are, with rare exceptions,
of the same families that occupied this region
before the confederate war, or came into it
for hiding during the war. As one of the old
grizzled ones said to me on the deck of the Ben
Hur, whispering and looking around suspi-
ciously to see if tlie conscript officer was
near, "We was all for the old flag."
I iound the old gentleman knew the moun-
tain history from the time theComanches
rendezvoused there when they raided around
Austin killing settlers and driving off stock,
And when that region later was visited by tho
ndvanco agents of the fleeing Mormons and a
Mormon settlement was established on the
river below and above the mouth of Bull
creek, a few miles above the dam, when later
it beoame the refuge of Texas unionists evad-
ing ana fighting confederate conscript officers
and down to this day of tho dam when ho
travels to the city on the deck of a large
From him I learned that the mountain
people here as in Tennessee, Kontucky, West
Virginia and other mountain districts of the
southern states Bided with the "old flag."
They did not propose to fight their neighbors
of the plains and were content to stay at home
and take no part in the war. They almost
worshiped Jack Hamilton, who was com-
pelled to take refuge in thoir midst. The old
man told me about a speech Hamilton made
to them when the home guards, led by con-
script officers wore, hunting them down. It
was in a wild part of the country which he
pointed out. Hamilton, mounted on a huge
rock, spoke earnestly against the proposition
of some of tho younger men to organize
a guerrilla warfare
against the confederate conscript officers. He
eloquently opposed tho cruel warfare between
neighbors of the hills and plains, and urged
those who desired to fight to leave and join the
regular union foroes. Some few followed the
advice, making their way, as did Hamilton,
John Hancock and others, through the con-
federate linos and joined the federal army.
One at least of them is now drawing a punsion
from Uncle Sam.
A leading man among t':. -• together with a
small following, however, ,e fugitives,
hiding in the hills and soclUv'A valleys and
working their little crops as occasion per-
mitted. Some few joined the homo guards,
but never expected to fight against the "old
flag." A hardy and shrewd inountaiuoer mado
frequent trips between these hills and tho fed-
eral army, it ifl presumed giving intelligence
of what was transpiring about the state cap-
The old pioneer who related these things
pointed out a place below San Monica springs
whore one of tho fugitives from the conscript
officers, who were in close pursuit, jumped off
a precipice sheer fiftv feet to the rocks below
and was bo disabled that ho was captured. Be-
low this point a short distance is a small level
valley, at the foot of the Chautauqua hill,
which was pointed out as the place where Rob-
ert E. Lee, in command of regulars, had a
fight with a raiding band of C'omanches, kill-
ing half the marauders. The legend is ques-
tioned, because the oldest inhabitant knows
knothing of tho fight. It is true thoComanchos
used to cross the river at that point, coming up
the little canyon and striking directly for the
rapids just above the dam, cutting off two
bends in the river and reaching the vicinity of
Austin around the foot of Mount Bonuel, but
if Lee ever fought them below Burnet no one
ever beard of it or spoke of it about hore until
the dam revived interest in the history of
these rugged hilta. Some romancer has
probably transferred the scene of one of Leo's
battles with the redskins so as to fit in with
the projects of his friends, the suburban town
I asked the old mountaineer if there was
any fighting and killing in the hills during the
late war, and ho said that further up tho river
above the head of th* lake, in the wildest dis-
trict, it is believed many were killed, but he
nevor could learn the names. It was cur-
rently reported in tho troublou* times thnt a
number of fugitives who mado fight were fu-
Biladed. Tho writer many year* ago heard
such a report to the effect that a good many
union men had been murdered in those moun-
tains, but inquiry then, a* now, failed to dis-
close the participant* nnd the victims. At
any rate, it would bo a groi< - ^puntry for par-
It is well worth a trip to Auitin to take a
boat and ascend this Btream to the bead of the
lake, and, time p*rimtting, to camp out, ex-
plore the fastnesses and gatbor fossils and
ferns. The visitor will find something novel
and beautiful on all sidos, not the least being
the extensive inland lake of clear, pure water,
mirroring the wild and precipitous mountain
■ides ana luxurious vegetation upon the level
PALESTINE ON THE F0UBTH.
Entries for tbe Firemen'* Competition.
Rlkhart Normal Institute.
Pat.kstini, Tex., June 20.—The arrange-
ment committee of tho Are department for
tho Fourth of July oelebration announco the
following oompanlo* who have entered for
the hoee competitive race on that day:
Adam* hose company No. Si, City hoe* com-
pany No. 2, Taylor, Tex. i Protection hose
company No. 3, two toams, Austin; Kockdalo
hose company No. 2, Rockdale | Mechanic's
hose company No. 1, Georgetown; Bolton
hose company No. 0, Belton; Burkott hose
company No. 2, Palestine hose company No.
1, Palostine, and others expected to enter.
The entries close to-day.
Palestine hose company No. land Burkott
hoso company No. 2 of thi* oity yesterday re-
coived tliuir new hole wagons, which cost
$950 and will bo drawn by double teams.
Those wagon* aro of the finest material and
will place tho Palestine department, with its
other apparatus, socond to none in the stato.
Mr. Charles L. Robinson, a merchant and
an active fireman of this city, has preaontud
Palestine hose company No. 1, of which he is
a member, with now uniform* to be used on
Programmes are out announcing the open-
ingot tho Elkhart summer normal institute
at Elkhart mineral wells, ton miles south of
this city, on July 10 next, undor the super-
vision of Prof. John H. Davis as conductor.
The faculty consists of Prof. John Joss,
Ph. D.; Prof. E. H. Black, A. M.; Prof. L.
B. Reld, Prof. John H. Davis and Prof. W. L.
Farris, with Miss Katie White of Tyler in
charge of the primary work.
On the eight of July 10 the school will be for-
mally opeuod, and Mr. Ector L. Gammago,
LL.B., of Palestine will deliver an address of
welcome to tho toachors and soholars, which
will be responded to by Dr. J. H. C. Gardner.
About sevonty touchers aro oxpected to attend
hev. r. m. edwards released on bond.
Rev. Rodnoy M. Edwards, who was arrested
for embezzlement on a bench warrant from
San Francisco, wa* to-day released upon giv-
ing bond in the sum of $500. His preliminary
trial is sot for July 1. He still oxprosses a de-
sire to return to California and stand trial
under the indictmoat against him.
GOT OUT AN INJUNCTION
To Prevent the Looatlon of a Compress
in His Immediate Vicinity.
La Grange, Tex., June 26.—Some time
ago most of tha leading citizens of La Grange
organized themselves into a joint stock com-
pany for the purpose of putting up a compress
within the city limits. They have employed
Bennett A Lovell of Hillsboro to put it up,
who obligated themselves to furnish the
building site, the machinery and all building
material. Tha building site was acquired by
them from the Missouri, Kansas Bnd Texas
railroad company, but before they oom-
monced the building Captain R. H. Phelps, a
citizen of La Grange, whose dwelling is about
300 feet from the building *ite of the com-
pros*, filed a suit for injunction against the
railroad company, Bennett & Lovell and the
compress oompany, alleging first that the
railroad company has no right to permit the
erection of acompress upon its land, because
the same was conveyed to the railroad
company by the citizens of La Grange
for depot purposes only; second, that the op-
eration of a compressoroatesavery loud noise
and emits smoke and gas by which the family
of Captain Phelps would be disturbed and its
health endangered. All tho allegations of
plaintiff wore denied by the defendants under
oath, and Saturday the case was tried before
Judge Teichmuller upon a motion to dissolve
the injunction. Both parties introduood some
ovideuco aftor which the judge dissolved the
injunction and the cause was continued until
next November, to bo tried upon its merits.
The caso has created a considerable stir
among the stockholder* because they appre-
hend that if the compress is erected upon the
leased land of the railroad company and tha
injunction should be perpetuated; then in that
event the compreBS would have to be moved,
which would cost a considerable amount of
money. If tho compress Is erected upon the
land of the railroad company, though the in-
junction is not perpetuated, yet Captain
Phelps may cause the stock company a great
deal of trouble by suing it for damages.
F0BT BEND ASSESSMENTS.
Property Owners Notified or a Rise-Es-
cape of Nine Convicts.
Richmond, Tex., June 26.—The commis-
sioners' court convened on Monday, June 19,
and remained in session until Thursday
evening inspecting the assessor's inventories
of real and personal property rendered for
taxation for 1893. The valuations fixed by the
owners was not Batisfactory to the court in a
groat many instances. All tho railroads and
about 300 resident and non-resident property
owners havo beon notified to appear before
the court on July 10,11 and 12 to show cause
why tho valuations fixed by them should not
Nine Btato convicts esoaped from the L. A.
Ellis plantation last week and ono was killed
by a guard while attempting to escape.
A Peculiarity of the Bice Crop,
Oranoe, Tex., June 26.—For bix days no
rain has fallen in this vicinity, and tho effect
of the sun on the growing crops has been
magical. Farmers have been very busy clean-
ing out late corn. Cotton is looking better.
It is getting a fine color, and as the grass nnd
weeds disappear and the chopping out is com-
pleted the plant begins to take size, and with
a fow more days of this weather the improve-
ment will bo very encouraging.
Tho late wet spell of weathor was an advan-
tage to rice. The temperature of the water in
which it stands is less affected by the rays of
the sua than one unacquainted with the caro
of this crop would imagine. Whore the rice
is the thickest and reaches well above the top
of the water there is a difference of quito 10
degrees between the heat at the surface and
the heat at the stool of the plant. Where the
wator is not shaded the heat penetrates to the
bottom, but out in tile field at the middle of
the day, when the hot sun would seem to warm
up the whole pond, the water has a chilly sen-
sation wherever there is a heavy stand of rice.
While the rice thrives in the water, the weeds,
grass and bushes perish. The vines and
tangle that often perplex tho wheat fanner
can not live in water that stands from eighteen
to twenty-four inches deep for several weeks.
Keltvs, Tex., June 26.—The citizens of this
placo held a mass meeting at the city hall on
tho 23d inBtant to consider plans for properly
celebrating tho "Glorious Fourth," and it was
decided to have a grand barbecue, followed by
firo works and a ball at night. The surround-
ing towns of Lufkin, Clawson and Massliella
wore invited to participate. Over a thousand
visitors are expected.
A fow days since The News' oorrespondent
was shown a load of Irish potatoes raised by
Mr. S. G. Fletcher of this place that aro said
to bo the finest over raised in this section.
One picked up at random measured 8 inohes
long by 9 around center. Mr. Flotcher status
that his crop will average 300 bushels per acre.
Masonic Installation at Trinity.
Trinity, Tex., June 26.—The officers in Joe
Werner lodge No. 563, A. F. and A. M., wore
installed on the night of the 24th. After the
installation A. J. Hendricks of Dallas deliv-
ered an address upon tbe origin and object of
Religious Meeting* at Lorelady.
Lovelady, Tex., June 26.—Rov. J. T. Poe
of Longview is holding a series of meetings
this week at the Christian church.
A Grange Leoture.
Cbockett, Tex., June 26,—The Hon. Mor-
timer Whitehead will lecture here on the 12th
in the interest of the National grange.
FROM TEXANS IN CHICAGO.
AN EABNE8T APPEAL FOB AN EX-
HIBIT FB0M TEXAS.
The Building Complete and Paid for and
There I* Time Yet for Making a
Texas Building, World's Fair, June 20.
—The undersigned citizen* of Texas visiting
tho world'* fair held a meeting in the Texas
building on thi* day, and appointed a com-
mittee to draft an address to the people of
Texas concerning the Texas liuildlng and
The following address wa* presented and
To the People of Texas: Having visited
tho world s Columbian exposition of tho
arty, industries and product* of all tho
nations of tho oar th, at citizens of tho Uuitod
States of America, it is with patriotic prido that
wo rocoffnizo tho triumph*, of our own country
in all that constitutes the true progress and
powor of a stato ovor any and all nations of tho
world hore reprosonted.
All tho states of tho American union aro hero,
with uiurvelous exhibits of tlioir Taut and variod
resourcos. products of field and form, mill and
mine, from tho Atlantic to the Facillc, and from
the great lako« to tho shores of our own beautiful
Mont of those states by tho acts of their legisla-
turod, contributing oach variouu sums, from $3U,-
000 to $800, aro hero with ox hi bits in tho groat de-
partmental buildings, as well as in their own
groat stato buildings, which are marvels of archi-
tectural beauty, spacious und comfortable, whore
tho citizonH of ouch commonwealth may meet in
Tho stato of Texas has coinuletod nnd paid for
hor building and we aro dooply gratified in being
nblo to say to our countrymen or Texas that for
tho eligible location and strikingly beautiful ar-
chitecture it does not suffer iu comparison with
the more costly and protentious structures erect-
ed by tho munificence of our sister states.
This splendid achievement for Texas has boen
won ana sucurod by tho noble and patriotic women
of Toxas alone, who, aftor the men had failed,
camo to tlio rescue of thoir state when croakers
prodictod failure and dofoat and they have erect-
ed and paid for a building that i« a credit to Texas
and one in whioh all Toxaus can fool just pride.
But Texan has no exhibit as yot iu this wonder-
ful exhibition of the arts and industries of the
civilizod nations of the earth. It is not yet too
late, my fellow citizens (aud this is tho real and
only object of this earnest sppeal), to make
amends for this misfortune. To place voluntary
exhibits from our horticultural societies, stato
and county fair associations aud the magniiicont
collection of tho Toxas and Paciflo railroad com-
pany and other of oar liberal railway systoms of
Texas will require at tho lowost estimate $1000
per month for tho four and a half months of the
fair yet remaining. This sum must be placod in
tho hands of the trusted and faithful women who
erected tho Toxas building to placo and care for
the exhibits to bo sent, to keep up the building,
so as to be a comfort und pleasure to the many
thousnnda of Texas visitors and thoir friends who
will visit tho fair.
Mrs. Benedetto B. Tobip of Austin was the hon-
ored and choson representative of Texas woman-
hood to do this work, ond it is done; aud to her
care and discretion should contributions of money
and exhibits be sent, and that at onoe.
What is $3000 for Texas to give with hor 2,500,-
000 happy and prosperous people, and hor taxable
values alone amounting to $800,OOO.OOOT
Let the enterprising and generous cities of
Dallas, Galveston. Austin, Houston, San Antonio,
Waco, Fort Worth, Denison, Tyler, Corsicana.
Sherman, Brenham, Bolton, Temple. Greenville,
Taylor, Gainesville, Texarkana, Hillsboro, Cle-
burne. Abilene, Paris, Vernon, Bonham, Mar-
shall and the many other enterprising cities and
towns in Texas, too numerous to mention, at
onco got together and procuro voluntary contri-
butions of money and exhibits for this purpose.
A trifle indeed would $150 per month be to Dallas
with her 50,000 poople, as an illustration.
It is uot yot too lato for Texas to redeem her-
self and reap some of the rich rewards from pre-
senting herself boforo tho assembled world, it is
with groat deference that we write this appeal,but
every impulse of state pride in the success and
development of our great state should impol
overy one in this hour of lifo's opportunity to do
his duty, aud soo to it that nothing hinders tho
performance of thin duty speedily.
We are, follow citizens, your obedient servants,
Richard B. Hubbard,
Geo. F. Alfobd,
J. W. Hearne,
D. C, Kolp,
J. W. Blake,
T. i). Huff.
C. S, Hardy,
G. B. Stonb,
Thoh. J. Hurley,
F. M. Cockrell,
And fifty other prominent Texana*
EE PRESENTED A 0HE0JL
Whioh Enabled Him to Put Himself Out-
side of Two Bottles of Whisky.
Jacksonville, Tex., June 2G.—A man who
gavo his name as J. W. McGraw walked into
Morris Bros.' saloon and drew a check from
his pocket on the First national bank of
Rusk, signed James I. Perkins, for $600. He
placed it on deposit for $0, got two bottles of
whisky and was noon happy. He was drossei^
as a oommon laborer and from his aotions
Mr. Morris bocamo suspicious of his check,
and on making inquiry found it to be a for-
gery. Judge Perkins was wired nnd said he
had given no such oheok. The man was
arrested and when he was searched he had
part of tho $5, two bottles of whisky and an-
other check on some bank for $600, signed S.
The checks were written in a good bold
hand and ono was made payablo to J. W. Mc-
Graw, nnd the othor to James Riloy.
When he was arrested he said bis name was
Riloy, but afterward gave it as McGraw.
Saturday evening ho was brought before the
justice of the peace and waived examination
and his bond was placed at $300, which ha
failed to make and was put in jail.
Georgetown A. V. and A. M.
Georgetown, Tex., Juno 26.— A publio in-
stallation of officers of San Gabriel lodge No.
89, A. F. and A. M., was conducted in the
Masonio temple Saturday night. Mr. B. A.
Johns, rotiring master, presided. The follow-
ing officers were installed: G. W. Foster,
worshipful master; VV.T. Starnes, senior war-
don; A. L. Sharp, junior warden; J. W.
Hodges, treasurer; J.W.Hill, secretary; J.
A. Richardson and S, E. Chapman, deacons;
George Irvine and H. Montgomery, stewards;
K. A. Johns, tiler.
Aftor the ceremony of installation was over
Mr. Johns called on Judge Chessher for a
He responded briefly, and was followed by
Hon. G. W. Glasscook, who reviewed the
tenets of Masonry, eulogized its principles
and admonished brother members to attend
the lodge meetings regularly and to exem-
plify in their daily lives the teachings of the
Messrs. Johns, Nelson and Master G. W.
Foster spoke briefly in response to calls.
An adjournment was taken and a banquet
spread in the hall.
San Gabriel lodge No. 89 was chartered in
1852. It has at present a membership of
ninety-nine in good standing. This lodge
furnished the state Its present grand master.
T. B. Coohran.
Masonic Installation at Trinity.
Teisity, Tex., June 26.—Saturday night
there was a publio installation of officers of
Joe Werner lodge No. 663, A. F. and A. M., as
follows: John B. Peyton, W. M.; I. O. Stan-
ford, S. W.; Wm. Frlsby, J. W.; Ed Parker,
treasurer; T. B. Walker, secretary; Rev. V.
A. Godby, chaplain; S. A. Robb, S. D.; tj. R.
Bucklin, J. D.; Terry and Abe Frisby,
stewards; F. M. Wagner, tiler.
After the installation Mr. Hendricks of Dal-
las delivered a lecture on masonry.
Masonio Offloers Elected.
Elehabt, Tcx., June 26.— The Masonio
lodge at this place installed tbe following offi-
cers last Saturday: John H. Burke, worship-
ful master; J. D. Dupuy, senior warden;
W. D. Broughton, junior warden; L. O.
Watkins, treasurer; T. G.Gresham, secretary;
Dr. J. M. Parks, senior deacon; Joe Laller,
A splendid dinner wat Mired and every-
body had a fins ticaa.
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 52, No. 96, Ed. 1 Tuesday, June 27, 1893, newspaper, June 27, 1893; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth467969/m1/4/: accessed November 14, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.