Heritage, Volume 12, Number 1, Winter 1994 Page: 15
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In 1845 the Lone Star flag of the old
Republic was lowered and Texas became a
State of the Union. Sam Houston, who had
replaced Lamar and had served a second
term as president, had fought for annexation,
a policy urged by his old comrade-inarms
Andrew Jackson. The southern and
western states were for annexation. The
northern states were against, primarily because
Texas would add another slave state
to the Union. They called Texas a pauper
wilderness. Sarah and Charles Braches had
favored annexation. Like Houston, they,
believed that Mexico would never let them
live in peace and that union with the
United States was the only way Texas
On February 19, 1846, Anson Jones,
who had replaced Sam Houston as president
of Texas, lowered the Lone Star flag at the
Capitol in Austin. "The Republic is no
more," he said, as tears streamed down the
faces of the Texas veterans. The Republic
of Texas had been two weeks less than 10
years old. Soon Abraham Lincoln would
run for Congress and Major Robert E. Lee
would leave for his Mexican campaign and
his wounds at Chapultepec. It was the year
Andrew Jackson died. The White Dove,
Jose Antonio Navarro, rode triumphantly
back into Texas and into Euphemia's life.
Euphemia thought it was high irony that
Navarro was the only native Texan present
at the convention that ratified annexation
of Texas into the Union.
Jose Antonio's return was occasion
for a huge fiesta at the Navarro estancia.
Guests included nearly every living soul
Euphemia knew, including Annie
Franklin, much to her delight, and all the
Rowdy King Boys, including the youngest.
Since that spring day William had saved
her from the cougar, their friendship, their
love, had grown. They were together nearly
every weekend at the McCulloch ranch
and during the week at the Johnson home,
in Seguin. Euphemia continued her studies
with Mrs. Thompson. She wrote to Sarah
faithfully and Sarah's return letters reflected
a life of growing affluence and civility. Of
course, Sarah and Charles Braches were
among the guests at DonJose's homecoming
Don Jose had lost a great deal of weight
and there were shadows in the hallows of
his eyes. In spite of that, Euphemia thought
he was as dashing as ever in his white cape,
welcoming guests while at the same time
supervising the unloading of trunks filled
with classics he had purchased at the
bookstores in New Orleans. Everyone was
eager to know how the White Dove had
escaped from the dungeon where he had
been held for four years and where he had
been tortured by Santa Anna.
Navarro simply smiled and evaded the
questions with characteristic courtesy and
grace. He would only say he had escaped by
boat to Cuba and then to New Orleans.
Euphemia decided that a man who dressed
all in white, rode only white horses and
spoke at least three languages fluently,
should be excused the small rudeness of
secrecy. In the absence of an explanation
from Don Jos6, there were as many tall tales
told about the escape as there were guests.
Of all the wild and wonderful stories told,
including one in which Don Jose severely
wounded Santa Anna in a duel, Annie
Franklin's theory seemed most probable to
Euphemia. "Santa Anna had Navarro at
his mercy. First he tried to get Navarro to
renounce his loyalty to Texas. He probably
was offered all kinds of incentives. But Don
Jose refused. He would be a patriot even if
it meant his death."
"He was under a death sentence,"
Euphemia said. "Why wasn't it carried out?"
"That would have created a martyr.
Santa Anna couldn't afford that, but he
couldn't let him go. And I think the Navarro
family knew of something Santa Anna had
done so distasteful it would ruin him if it
became public knowledge."
"Margarita Garza Navarro knows,"
Euphemia remembered. "But she won't tell.
Something that happened long ago. It had
to do with, well, some terrible indiscretion."
"Anyway," Annie continued, "I think
Santa Anna allowed Don Jose to escape.
He made it possible for Don Jose to get
away, gambling that it would buy the silence
of the Garza and Navarro families, yet he
would not appear to be capitulating. No
other explanation really makes sense to
As Euphemia watched the guests, most
of whom she knew, she was astonished by
the behavior of a small, severe young woman
she had not seen before. The woman was
emptying glasses of liquor into the large
earthen pot in a comer of the parlor. She
would wait for a guest to put his drink
down, then she would remove the glass,
pour out its contents, and replace the empty
glass. When Eupehmia asked Annie
Franklin about this extraordinary performance,
Annie merely laughed and took
Euphemia's hand and led her across the
room to meet Ann Penn Ireland.
Ann Penn Ireland, like Annie Franklin,
was a political activist in a time when
activism was not perceived as an appropriate
activity for the ladies of the South. She
was very slim with dark hair parted precisely
in the middle. There was something
birdlike in her manner, and her movements
were rapid and nervous. "You wouldn't
believe what's going on in Europe and in
the East," she said, after explaining that
emptying liquor from the glasses of imbibers
was a way of living her convictions about
HERITAGE * WINTER 1994 15
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Texas Historical Foundation. Heritage, Volume 12, Number 1, Winter 1994, periodical, Winter 1994; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46807/m1/15/: accessed January 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Texas Historical Foundation.