The Story of Buffalo Bayou and the Houston Ship Channel Page: 12
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'Buffalo 'Bayou and Houston Ship Channel, 1820-1926
by rail three hours, and by steamboat seven hours.
"A landing place" at the foot of Main Street was provided
in 1837, and a wharf along the water front from
Main Street to Fannin Street was constructed in 1840.
In the early forties the largest warehouse facility was
on the North side of Commerce
Avenue, between Fannin and San
A City Ordinance, dated June
8th, 1841, established "The Port
of Houston." The Congress of
Texas, January 29th, 1842, gave
Houston the "right to remove
obstructions from the Bayou and
otherwise improve navigation."
August 15th, 1849, the people
assembled at the wharf to greet
the Steamboat "Ogden," Capt.
Haviland, which was the first
steam packet to make a voyage
direct from New Orleans to
The State of Texas on FebruSteamboat
ary 7th, 1853, appropriated
$4,000.00 for the improvement of
Buffalo Bayou. On April 7th, 1857, D. Bradbury was
given a contract for improving navigation over Clopper's
Point (Morgan's Point) for the sum of $22,725.00.
A joint resolution of the Texas Legislature, May 24th,
1870, requested the Federal Government to improve the
Channels at Galveston and other coast ports.
One of the foremost agencies in promoting commerce
then and now, the "Board of Trade and Cotton Exchange,"
was organized in 1874, and its first officers and
directors were: C. S. Longcope, President; W. J. Hutchins,
Vice-President; B. A. Shepherd, Vice-President; Geo. W.
Kidd, Secretary; B. A. Botts, T.
W. House, Ed Milby, Wm. D.
Cleveland, A. J. Burke, H. S. Fox,
H. D. Taylor, S. K. Mcllhenny,
Fred A. Rice, and Wm. Brady.
The cotton exported from
Houston prior to the war between
the States was in
1854 . . . 39,923 Bales
1855 . . . 44,050
1856 . . . 47,008
1857 . . . 46,220
1858 . . . 63,453
1860 . . . 115,010 "
1861 . . . 70,854
The Houston Chamber of
"The history of San Felipe, Velasco, San Luis and Columbia
(all on the Brazos River) shows that situation is no guarantee of
future greatness. They were all well situated-their owners lacked
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Farrar, R. M. The Story of Buffalo Bayou and the Houston Ship Channel, book, 1926; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46820/m1/14/: accessed September 26, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; .