A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 21
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LIMESTONE, FREESTONE AND LEON COUNTIES.
Texas from Spanish domination and organize
a republic. This he hoped to accomplish
by getting the assistance of leading
Mexicans. An alliance was formed with
some of the Indian tribes in the vicinity,
through John McFarland and Samuel
Davenport, who had been Indian agents.
The services of Bernardo Gutierrez were
secured. He had been engaged with
Hidalgo in the revolutionary movement
in Mexico, and had taken refuge at
About the middle of June, Gutierrez,
with 158 men, crossed the Sabine and had
a skirmish with the Spanish guards. They
marched forward and reorganized on the
Trinity river, at that time having about
400 men. They reached Goliad and finally
drove the Spaniards into San Antonio.
Here the city was captured and the private
soldiers released; but the officers, including
the Governor and General Herrera, fourteen
in all, were slaughtered by order of
Captain Delgado, whose father had been
murdered by the Spanish. The republicans
held San Antonio for some time, but
were finally defeated and slaughtered in
the usual Mexican fashion.
Although this defeat was complete for
the republicans in Texas, a new organization
was formed in Mexico, under Morelos
and one of the features of the movement
was the occupation of the coast of Texas,
including, of course, the harbor and island
of Galveston, which afforded the republicans
an outlet to the world by water.
They occupied the island, and in Novemn.
her were reinforced by about 200 men
under Xavier Mina, a native of Navarre.
While Mina and Aury were occupying
the island, Perry had taken possession of
Bolivia Point, with 200 men.
The details of what followed from this
time till Mexico became a republic are too
homogeneous and prolix to relate here.
Suffice it to say that Spanish domination
ceased in Texas forever.
In 1812, Hidalgo was the first to unfurl
the republican flag in Mexico, and although
he failed, Morelos and others kept up the
organization, struggling for freedom from
the Spanish yoke. The mother country
herself was passing through the ordeal of
a change in dynasty, and it was a favorable
chance to strike for independence. Iturbide,
the ablest of the loyalist generals,
favored the movement, and a conference of
the republican leaders was held. The result
of this interview was known as the
"Plan of Iguala." This plan was somewhat
modified afterward; but the result
was the termination of Spanish rule in
In 1819, after Spain had sold Florida to
the United States, by which sale the latter
Government agreed to relinquish all claim
to Texas, efforts were made on the part of
Mexico to colonize her province. Several
liberal propositions were made, but none
accepted till citizens of the United States
took the mnattr in hand. The survivors of
the Magee expedition had given glowing
accounts of Texas and its possibilities, and
of the liberal disposition of the Mexican
authorities, and a number of Americans
set out for the new field of enterprise.
Moses Austin, who had moved into Mis
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/23/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.