A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 26
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HISTORY OF NAVARRO, HENDERSON ANDERSON,
But one short year, even, can make mighty
changes in a man's opinions and actions.
Who would have thought at that time
that the apparently patriotic Santa Ana
would become the tyrant he afterward
proved to be, and the butcher of the gallant
martyrs of the Alamo ?
The legislature at Saltillo, in April,
1822, repealed the liberal colonization law,
and passed another based upon the decree
of April, 1830. The new law forbade anybody
but Mexicans from becoming empresas,
but the influence of the delegation
from Texas was so far felt that a law was
enacted creating new municipalities, and
allowing the people to elect their officers.
A movement was made to form a separate
State of Texas, and to a separation from
Coahuila, as the former had sufficient population,
and the junction of the two States
was considered only temporary when in
1824 they came together for convenience.
The project fell through, and Austin, who
had gone to Saltillo to consummate the
separation, was arrested and placed in
prison, where he remained for nearly two
years, sometimes in solitary confinement
without any of the comforts of an ordinary
Texas was quiet during this time (1834),
but Coahuila was in a state of revolution.
Santa Ana now began to show his cloven
foot in matters touching Texas. At a convention
to consider the Texan question,
he drew up a set of resolutions which bore
hard on the Texans. Austin seemed to
confide in Santa Ana, and wrote favorably
of his project, but the Texans did not
have faith in him, and his actions a little
later proved them to be correct in their
estimate of him.
At the beginning of the revolutionary
period the colonists were in quite a prosperous
condition. They had found in their
new homes just what they had sought.
A steady increase was going on in the
population; their cattle and horses were
multiplying; cotton, corn, sugar and all
that they needed in the way of produce
was easily cultivated, and in large quantities.
They were contented and happy, but
the political sky was beginning to be overcast
with dark and portentious clouds.
Santa Ana, who had taken the reins of
government as a Republican, was getting
into full accord with the aristocratic and
church party, and was preparing to overthrow
the Republic. He was ambitious,
unprincipled, cruel and treacherous. He
betrayed the party which had elevated him
to the highest position in Mexico. He
still held Austin in confinement, who was
ignorant of the charges against him. There
could be no justifiable accusation against
the Texan leader. A few concessions were
made to Texas, in order to cajole the settlers.
An additional delegate was allowed
that State in the general legislature. In
the fall elections of 1834, the Centralist
party, headed by Santa Ana, was victorious
everywhere except in Texas, Zacatecas
and Coahuila. In revenge for the action
of Zacatecas, that State was declared to be
in rebellion, and the number of militia
was reduced to only one in every 500 persons,
the balance being disarmed. Many
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/28/: accessed May 27, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.