A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 44
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HISTORY OF NA VARRO, HENDERSON, ANDERSON,
matter, reported that there was no other
means of paying the public creditors than
by the sale of the public lands, and recommended
that these be sold to the
United States Government. The debts of
the State were classified, with a practical
repudiation of some of them, to the extent,
according to Bancroft, of one-half the liabilities,
which the State had engaged to
meet, according to the face of the bonds.
While Governor Henderson was absent
in command of the Texan volunteers, his
place was filled by Lieutenant-Governor
On December 21, 1847, George T.
Wood, a native of Georgia, who had served
in the Mexican war with distinction, was
inaugurated as the second Governor of the
State, and John A. Greer as LieutenantGovernor.
During Wood's administation,
a controversy arose between Texas and the
United States, which could not fail to
make the former reflect somewhat seriously
upon the surrender of her separate nationality.
When war was formally declared
between Mexico and the United States,
General Kearny took possession of Santa
Fe in the name of the latter power; and
when, by the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo,
New Mexico was ceded to the United
States, Texas laid claim to all that portion
of New Mexico lying east of the Rio
Grande, and in 1848 the State Legislature
passed an act extending her jurisdiction
over it, and Judge Beard was sent to hold
the district court. Colonel Munroe ignored
the. Texan Judge and ordered the
election of a Territorial delegate to the
United States Congress. Governor Wood
threatened force, but was met by adverse
counsel at Washington, and he abandoned
his contest. Soon this question was combinied
with that of the public debt.
At the election of 1849, P. Hansborough
Bell was chosen Governor, and John A.
Greer re-elected Lieutenant-Governor. At
the endof the term Bell was re-elected.
His administration was marked by the settlement
of the two absorbing questions of
the boundary line and the public debt.
At the September election in 1853,
Elisha M. Pease was chosen Governor,and
David C. Dickson Lieutenant-Governor.
Pease was re-elected in 1855, thus holding
office for four consecutive years. In his
first message to Congress he recommended
the adoption of measures providing adequately
and permanently for the support
of public schools and for the establishment
of a state university. He also advised establishing
asylums for lunatics, orphans,
and for the education of deaf-mutes and
The period of Pease's administration
was one of great. prosperity. After the
annexation, emigrants flocked into the
country from the United States, and, the
war with Mexico having decided forever
the position of Texas, and secured the prospect
of uninterrupted peace, every branch
of industry thrived; wealth and population
rapidly increased, and progress in
commerce and internal development was
marked in an unprecedented degree.
The only interference with this steady
advance was occasioned by Indian depredations
on the frontier. Though the main
body of each border tribe professed friendship,
the outlying settlements sustained
considerable damage, especially on the
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/46/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.