A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 47
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LIMESTONE, FREESTONE AND LEON COUrNTIEsS.
States. The latter regarded the measure
as an encroachment on the part of the
Federal Government on the constitutional
right of future sovereign States to control
their own domestic affairs. In 1850, the
statesman submitted other compromise res.
olutions to the Senate, designed to arrange
amicably the controversies between the
free and slave States on the same troublesome
subject. These resolutions declared
that Congress in establishing Territorial
governments should impose no restrictions
on the people of such territories with respect
to slavery. A memorable discussion
followed, resulting in the passage of bills
admitting California into the Union as a
free State, and in the organization of the
Territories of Utah and New Mexico without
restriction as to slavery. The fugitive
slave law was enacted at the same time.
Again, in 1854, on the establishment of
Kansas and Nebraska as Territories, Senator
Douglas, from Illinois, introduced into
the bill, brought before Congress on that
occasion, an amendment which virtually
repealed the Missouri compromise. The
principle of non-intervention by Congress
with the institution of slavery in the States
and Territories had clearly been recognized
by the legislation of 1850. Both Kansas
and Nebraska would have been free Territories
under the Missouri compromise,
but the bill was passed with the amendment,
May 25, 1854.
Nevertheless it met with great opposition.
Resolutions were passed by the
legislatures of various States denouncing
it; memorials from abolitionist societies
were addressed to Congress and clergy;men
petitioned for its repeal. Moreover,
it was soon apt:par'en t that tile intro,(ldction
of slavery into Kansas from the Soutl
would meet with violent opposition froin
the people of that Territory. Intense sectional
agitation prevailed; and it was regarded
as a foregone conclusion tlat Kansas
would be admitted into the Union only
as a free State unless some action were
taken by the combined South.
Governor Runnels addressed a message,
January 20, 1858, to the legislature, calling
attention to the aspect of affairs in
Kansas, and clearly advocating the doctrine
of secession. On the 8th of the
same month a Democratic State convention
had been held at Austin, at which it
was resolved that there were grounds for
serious apprehension that the doctrine of
non-intervention was in danger of being
repudiated by the United States Congress;
and a request was made to the State legislature
to provide for the appointment of
delegates to a convention of the Southern
States on the occasion of one being assembled.
But bolder resolutions than
these were offered. T. J. Chambers proposed
that it should be resolved that any
action on the part of the Congress of the
United States tending to embarrass, delay
and defeat the admission of Kansas as a
member of the Union, under any pretext
referable to the question of slavery, would
be a usurpation of power and a violation
of the compact of the Union; that, in
case of such an event, the representatives
of Texas in the United States Congress
were requested to give notice of the intention
of the State to resume her independence
and withdraw from the Union.
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/49/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.