A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 57
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LIMESTONE, FREESTONE AND LEON COUNTIES.
Dana. On November 2, the soldiers landed
at Brazos Santiago, and Brownsville was
taken possession of on'the 6th. The occupation
of Corpus Christi, of the Con federate
works at Aransas Pass, of Cavallo Pass,
and Fort Esperanza, at the entrance of
Matagorda bay, speedily followed. By the
end of December, Indianola and the Matagorda
peninsula were in possession of the
Federals, only a faint show of resistance being
made by the Texans, who withdrew
from the coast defenses west of the Colorado.
At the beginning of 1864, the only
places on the gulf coast of importance that
remained in their possession were at the
mouth of tie Brazos and Galveston island,
both of which were too strongly defended
to admit of the enemy making any attempt
against them. The occupation of Brownsville
effectually stopped the extensive trade
carried on by the Texans through Matamoras,
and on February 18 President Lincoln
by proclamation relaxed conditionally
the blockade of that port. This possession
of the forts of Texas was of short duration.
After a few months' occupation the military
forces were withdrawn, with the exception
of a detachment left at Brazos Santiago,
and the duty of guarding that coast
henceforth devolved upon the navy, which
succeeded in capturing several Confederate
Banks' expedition having failed, so far
as its ultimate object, the repossession of
Texas, was concerned, another plan was
formed for the recovery of that State by an
invasion on the northeast by the line of
Red river. The first object of this enterprise,
which was conducted by Generals
Banks and Steele, was the capture of
Shreveport, and the lislersin of the Coilfederates
in tllat region, wlic(h, liilr, (once
accomplished, would open the roa1l into
Texas. This undertaking also faile(l. After
occupying Alexandria on Mlarch 23, Banks
directed his march toward Shreveport. A
number of battles were fought, and at Sabine
Cross Roads the Federals sustained a
serious defeat, which their subsequent victories
at Pleasant Grove and Pleasant Hill
could not repair. The advance of the National
army was effectually checked. Banks
retreated to Alexandria, and Steele to
Little Rock. In these engagements the
Texans played a prominent part. At the
disastrous battle of Pleasant Hill, Sweitzer's
Regiment of Texas Cavalry, about 400
strong, in making a desperate charge upon
the enemy's line, was almost annihilated.
In September, Brownsville was captured
by a Mexican force under Cortina,
who on the 9th of that month pa sed over
with his whole force, with the artillery,
drove the Texans from that town, and took
possession of the place for the United
States. The Federal flag was hoisted, the
Union commander at Brazos Santiago informed
of the event, and the town placed
at his disposal.
Governor Murrah did not find his position
a sinecure. It was fraught with
anxiety and care, trouble and annoyances,
while the salary attached to it was paid in
currency, which was only worth from three
to four cents on the dollar. The functions
of the three branches of government were
usurped. Military orders and Congressional
acts set aside State laws, and denuded
him of his authority as the executive.
As he was a firm believer in State
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/59/: accessed May 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.