A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas Page: 68
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HISTORY OF NAVARRO, HENDERSON, ANDERSON,
breaking up of the bands of desperadoes
by military aid, the number of murders
is diminishing from month to month."
Though Governor Davis assumed the
executive office in January, he was acting
only in a provisional capacity. When,
however, the president signed the bill restoring
Texas to her rights as a sovereign
State of the Union, Davis issued a proclamation,
April 2, announcing the fact and
signed himself Governor of Texas. On
the 16th of the same month, General Reynolds
remitted to the civil authorities the
power that had been conferred upon the
military commander by the reconstruction
laws, and the troops were withdrawn from
the various posts in the interior and sent
to the frontier. Small detachments, however,
were retained at Jefferson, Austin
and San Antonio, the latter point being
the principal distributing depot and the
future headquarters of the department.
The legislature assembled again on the
26th, and on the 28th the governor was
On April 29, the governor sent in his
message. He first called attention to the
necessity of providing measures for the
suppression of crime, and recommended
the passage of a law for the efficient organization
of the militia, and the establishment
of a police system, which would
embrace the whole State under one head.
In suggesting measures to suppress mobs
of lawless men, who assembled and operated
in disguise, he advocated .conferring
upon the executive the power of
temporarily establishing martial law under
certain contingencies. He considered that
the frequency of homicides was attribut
able to the habit of carrying arms, and
recommended the legislature to restrict
that privilege, which it would be able to
do under the amended constitution. He
considered that a good system of schools
would operate in diminishing crime, and
reminded the legislature that the constitution
made it "the imperative duty" of
that body to provide for the education of
all children of scholastic age.
Other matters brought before the attention
of the legislature were the questions
of internal improvement, subsidizing private
enterprises, the public works, and immigration.
The depredations of the Indians were
commented on, and in view of their unappeasable
inclinations and persistent hostility,
he recommended total extermination,
or complete conquest and submission.
Financial matters were the last to be
discussed. The governor was of opinion
that expenditures would amount to about
$1,500,000. The amount of cash on hand
September 3, 1867, was $20,232; receipts
from that date to April 16, 1870, were
$1,384,191, and the expenditures during
the same period $1,024,851. The amount
of cash in the treasury, exclusive of school
funds, was $2,953 in specie and $413,747
in currency. Deducting appropriations
made by military orders since March 1,
there remained $5,953 in specie and
$368,426 in currency. The debt of the
State was small. Under act of November
12, 1869, five per century State bonds, to
the amount of $82,168, were issued to the
school fund, and $134,472 of similar
bonds to the university fund. If the act
was to be respected, the State was top
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Lewis Publishing Company. A Memorial and Biographical History of Navarro, Henderson, Anderson, Limestone, Freestone and Leon Counties, Texas, book, 1893; Chicago, Illinois. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth46827/m1/70/: accessed May 25, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Palestine Public Library.