The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 364, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 23, 1893 Page: 4 of 8
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1893.
2?hx gaily Jim:
A. H. BELO & CO., Publishers.
Office of Publication. Nos. 2108 and 2110 Me-
chanic Street, Gaiveaton.
Entered at the Fostollice at Galveston as second
THURSDAY, MARCH 23, 1893.
THE NEWS' TRAVELING AGENTS.
The following arc the traveling reprcsonta
tives of The Galveston News and The Dal-
las News, who are authorized to solicit and
receipt for subscriptions and advertisements
for either publication: T. B. Baldwin, Mar-
chant Little, J. A. Sloan. C. H. Cox, Walter
Woods, J. D. Linthicum, H. P. Simouda, A.
T. Clark and J. T. Lynn.
A. H. Belo & Co.
Galveston, Tex., January 20, 1893.
A DESPKIiATE MOVE FOR POLITICAL
It seems that tho spirit of tho constitution of
Texas is to be violated "so that Homo of the
administration measures which are now
threatened with being frozen out may become
laws," and "to save the reputation of tho ad-
ministration from the assaults of tho populists
who unreservedly declare that it is a mon-
strous failure." Tho administration is cred-
ited with a purpose to call an extra session of
the legislature—or rather a political conven-
tion—to last during the month of April or thirty
days, in which each member is to get $5 a
day for his services—to do what? To pass
emergency laws? Not a bit of it, for the stato
would not suffer if there were not another law
passed for two years—but to enact into laws
tho inconsiderate demands of a radical minor-
ity of Texas voters styling themselves demo-
crats. Tho governor has the power to call
this extra session and for this purpose, but
what must the great majority iu this stato
think of such an abuse of prerogative? The
framers of tho constitution designed by reduc-
ing the pay of legislators to $2 a day after
sixty days to limit tho ordinary sessions of
tho legislature to sixty days. It was plainly
their intention, furthermore, that the unfin-
ished business of tho sixty-day session should
be dispatched by a prolongation of tho same
session at tho rate of $2 a day. The right or
duty of tho governor to call a spocial session
contemplates emergencies only of groat mo-
ment. Governor Hogg to gratify a political
machino would abuse his prerogative, evade
tho constitution and put the stato to tho daily
expense of a regular session when there is no
necessity whatever for it. The News very
much mistakes the disposition and character
of the people if they will submit to this without
a protest, knowing as they do such a session
would be simply a political movement for tho
exclusive benefit of tho governor and his fac-
tion. The Hoggites in the legislature seem to
be shaping matters so as to give tho governor
an excuse for calling an extra session, and
such an excuse will doubtloss bo heartily wel-
comed in tho executive department, but those
who aid and abet such a session should be
called upon to give an account of their stew-
ardship when their heroic work is done. By
the last of this month, or by tho 5th of April
at tho latest, all that is necessary to bo done
can be comploted, and if tho wolfaro of the
state is duly considered it will bo done, and
tho members will return to their homes whore
they can benefit themselves and their state
much moro than they can by remaining where
their services will not be noeded.
It seems now that tho legislature is to ad-
journ March 31 and be called to meet in extra
session by the govornor about tho 1st of April
in order to got $5 per day instead of the $2 a
day now being paid to the belated lawmakers.
Dost thou see the nimble rabbit foot ?
A CURRENT FALLACY ABOUT VACANT
Tho xYustin Statesman e3pousos the Henry
George theory to an extent for reasons follow-
There ia not a cityin Texas that has not felt the
bad effects upon its prosperity and improvement
by a fuw capitalists holding lots in tho most eli-
gible sites for an incroaso in value, while the
owners pay little or nothing in taxes on what they
claim to be unprofitable real estate. As a city
expands, building up block aft or block, those
speculators in real estate purchase tho mo9t eli-
gible sites and hold them for an increase of price,
leaving a hiatus hero and there that Injures the
conformity and beauty of the improvements.
These are the impediments iu tho growth of the
cities that a local option tax will to some extent
obviate. Pass tho bill of Mr. Breeding's giving
each community a right to tax itself and those
mossback speculators—dead weights on progress
in any city and town in Texas—will bo made to
pay a fair proportion of taxation while thov aio
waiting for other men to increase the value of
their vacant lots aud unimproved luuds.
The Statesman ignores sovoral very porti-
nont facts. By tho plan proposed property
might be taxod out of the hands of resident
and industrious citizens as well as out of tho
hands of non-resident capitalists. The consti-
tution declares that taxation shall be equal and
uniform. In most citios a majority of voters
have little roal estate to bo taxod. Entrusted
with the discretion of local option in tho mat-
tor of local taxation they would be strongly
tempted, under the incitement of demagogues
appealing to a communistic sentiment of
envy and discontent, to inflict unequal and
destructive levies on real proporty, whether
held by residents or absentees. Indeed tho
current complaint in tho press about moss-
baekism is directed moro especially against
resident holders as wanting in a spirit of im-
provement and as impediments to progress.
And it is time that thinking people should
come to understand that this current com-
plaint is inspired by an equally current fal-
lacy as to the reason why real property in
city or country is so frequently held vacaut,
unimproved and unremunerativo. The land
miser who takes pleasure in hoarding his pos-
sessions in idleness is as great a rarity as tho
money miser who takes pleasuro in hiding
away his cash in a state of profitless inactivity.
But, it is contended, the mossback is at heart
an arrant speculator who holds with a view
to reaping tho unearned increment which
is to accrue to his idle proporty—a stubbornly
maintained "hiatus here and there"—from
the enterprise and usefully employed capital
of others. But this contention is essentially
contradictory to the complaint with which it
is coupled, that the mossback by his habitual
immobility is an obstacle to the growth of a
oity and a deterrment of the development of
the environing conditions which are necessary
to enhance the value of his vacant lots and
enable him as a vigilant but unproductive
speculator to gather in a harvoat of unoarned
increment. As a speculator in any senso it is
clear that tho mossback oan not afford to play
tho dog in tho manger; can not afford to be a
bar to progress, a hinderor of improvement,
a block in tho way of the productive employ-
ment of other people's capital and labor.
As a speculator in any senso it is also clear
that ho can not afford to hold real proporty
in idleness if he has opportunities for profit-
ing from it either by soiling or improving it.
The fact is that the popular notion about land
monopoly and landlord cormorantcy is mostly
tho creature of allegorical fancy. It has long
enough served its unwholesome purposo as a
"painted dovil passed around by tho thrifty
demagogue to frighten aduit children. Capi-
tal in realty or in porsoualty ia nothing
apart from tho mood of tho capitalist. In
this connection it is affected by the constant
and insatiable desire of the capitalist for tho
profitable and pleasurable employment of his
faculties and his possessions. His instinct is to
bo useful to himself by being usoful to others,
to increase hiinsolf by increasing others in tho
way of industry, enterprise and commerce.
Thoso remarks rofer of course to normal econ-
omic conditions. Then why, it may bo asked,
does the mossback not sell or improve his
idle property when the tooth of taxation is con-
stantly eating into it, or rather into him?
Hero we have tho cue to the truo explanation.
The mossback as a rule—it is needless to con-
sider excoptions—is a di scour a gad taxpayer.
Ho has realized or observed so much improve-
ment made profitless and so much entorpriso
mado abortivo by remorseless drains of direct
and indiroct taxation that ho has lost heart for
either improvement or enterprise under con-
ditions tending to mako these drains moro
numerous and moro exhausting. That ho does
not sell is because there aro so many others,
similarly discouraged, who do not want to
buy. So excesses of taxation inevitably oper-
ate to organizo retardation of progress and to
diffuse elements of stagnation. The remedy
is plain. Abate the plaguo of multiplying
taxes, and set froo all the natural resources
aud energies of capital, industry and com-
The first "paper" money over uttorod was
probably that issued by tho Assyrians about
G50 B. C. It was imprinted on clay tablets
that were afterward baked hard and which
were redeemable in gold and silver on pre-
sentation at tho king's treasury.
In the siege of thirteen years duration wagod
by Nobuchadnezzar against the city of Tyro
"every head was made bald and every shoulder
pooled." Nobuchadnezzar was a groat party
The present ratos and various methods of
taxation have a tondency to communizo tho
business and property of the country in tho in-
torost of tho olllcial drones.
If any congressman is not satisfied with a
single office and $5000 a year resignations aro
always in order.
It is quito natural that a woll drilled parti-
san should not hold in very high esteem this po-
litical metempsychosis by which a republican
sinks into a billowy campaign to come out
with a democratic spirit in him, or vico versa.
In every such caso of transmigration there is
apt to como anothor division in tho spoils.
Egypt wa3 known almost 3000 years ago as
tho "granary of tho east." Other countrios
depended for bread upon tho rainfall, while
Egypt was a land of irrigation ditches and
never failing crops. The wostern plains of
Texas, with such favorable natural conditions
for irrigation and culture, may yet supply
with corn tho poople of the east who have been
taught to rely sololy upon tho showers from
If a modern party platform with its deceit-
ful clauses and double meanings should be
found 5000 years hence on somo antiquated
rosetta stone it would probably run all tho
most venturosomo interpreters mad and bring
on perpetual war. They almost do this in
this age, when such rascality is considered
rich and funny.
It is insisted by Commissioner McGaughey
and his friends on tho committoee to investi-
gate tho general land office that any mistakes
he may havo made aro of the head and not of
tho heart. It may bo added that the most
dangerous of all mistakes are mistakes of the
head. Groat head!
Leonard Graphic : The Dallas News is still
in tho ring favoring a division of Texas.
Now if the Graphic really likes to sook
truth and pursue it let it correct tho above
misrepresentation. The News is opposed to
any division or dismemberment of Texas.
Do not bo tossed about by tho wind of
overy domagogue that blowB.
Brisk movement in cattle—a stampede.
Femalo compositors should always sot their
caps in tho right place.
The mint julep that makes one person's
mouth wator may make somebody else's eyes
Line of Policy Eooommended by the New
Orleans Cotton Convention.
New Orleans, La., March 22.—Tho cotton
acreage convention this morning adjourned
after mapping out a lino of policy, deprecating
tho present mothod of raising an exclusive cot-
ton crop and resolving that in the future
other crops must be raisud in conjunction with
cotton if tho prosperity of the south is con-
sulted and appointing a commission to pre-
paro an address to all parties interested.
Peculiar Lunacy Cass.
Fairfield, Tex., March 22.—H. H. David-
son was triod in tho county court and found
insane. The caso is a little peculiar. Ho has
boon in tho county about two yoars, and
during that time has disclosed nothing con-
cerning his past life, except that ho came liore
from Mobile, Ala. All during the trial ho
protested that his namo was H. H. and not
H. M, Davidson. ^
Robbed of Money and Watoh.
Texarkana, Ark., March 22.--Last night at
12 o'clock as Jamos Jackson, an employe in
the looal yards of tho Iron Mountain, was
passing through an alloy ho was confronted by
two white men, one of whom hold a pistol to
his head while the other rilled his pockets of
$17 and a gold watch and chain. Tho robbors
La Grange Compress Contract.
La Grange, Tex., March 22.—Tho compress
company elected J. Schumacher, president;
A. J. Rosenthal, vice president; II. Helmiap,
treasurer, and C.J. Roaonburg, socretary.
They closod a contract with Bennett &
Lovell for tho erection of a 00-ineh Morso
compress for $48,000.
Surrendered for an Old Crime.
Denton, Tex., March 22.—Ploas Woods,
who is charged with having killed a man
named Cope on Denton creek, in this county,
in 1881, carrio in and gave himself up to-day.
No particulars of the kilhng'can bo learnod at
this time. Woods was roleasod on $1500 bond.
Found Doad in Hor Bod.
Paris, Tex., March 22.—Miss Kate Connolly
of Springfield, Mo., who was visiting hor sis-
ter, Mrs. O. E. Risingor, was found doad in
bod Sunday morning. Apoplexy is supposed
to bo tho cause of her death.
Tho first of ail American cabinets was tho
youngest m average age. It consisted of Jef-
ferson, 40; Hamilton, 32; Randolph, 36;
Knox, 39, and Osgood 41—average age, nearly
THE STATE PRESS.
What the Papers Throughout tho Stat9
Aro Talking About.
Tho patriarch of the Gonzales Alliance-Sig-
A small pebblo thrown in an ocean producos
little waves that oiul we know not where. One
hasty word may linger upon the sea of recol-
lection for a lifetime. Speak kindly.... .Pa-
tience, porsovoranco and prudonce win —
Generally, revongo is more costly than endur-
ance Don't worry about your team stalling
on the opposite bank before you get to tho
Old superstitions still linger among tho ne-
groes. Tho San Antonio Star of Saturday
Colorod people residing in tho vicinity of
Cherry street aro stirred up over a "voodoo,"
whom they claim is hone other than an old
darky who is performing some queer antics
in that locality. Last night the mounted po-
lice wore summoned to the locality, bufc upon
their arrival the "voodoo" had disappeared.
Ho had been scattering ashes on the ground
and by mutteriugs and gesticulations lie had
frightened people in the vicinity.
Tho Star remarks:
Says State Press: "The laws make the pub-
lication of tho truth an offense in libel cases
and liconso lying in everything clso." Atten-
tion should be dirocted to the fact that the
present, session considered a bill to make
truth a mitigating circumstance in prosecu-
tions, provided one was not charged with an
infraction of tho laws of virtuo and morality.
This was as far as thoy could go, for what leg-
islator could feel safo if tho press had liconso
to expose his amours. Self preservation is the
first law of nature.
Tho Del llio Record makes this impractica-
If the factional fight is continued in the
ranks of the Texas democracy the rosult will
be the election of a largo number of populists
to tho legislature next year. The Record sees
but ono way to harmonize tho factions. Why
not submit tho actions ana principles of tho
two wings to tho arbitration of a board of
five prominent democrats outsido of tho
state, two of whom will be selected by tho
Hogg chairman, two by the Clark chairman,
and tho fifth by the four?
The Breuhatn Herald says:
The Texas Volksbote contains a well writ-
ton comment on Dr. Hadra's university arti-
cle. It concurs with the doctor in believing
that the Europoan university system is pref-
erable to ours. Without a doubt such is tho
case, yet it must bo romomberod that tho Tex-
as state institution is very young, and further-
more that tho youth of the state itself is hard-
ly so far advanced in tho realms of education
as to be abioto support a college which would
not include in its curriculum a course of pre-
paratory studies. As soon as culture will
spread moro gonoraily in Texas tho Tex-
as univorsity will bo justifiod in doub-
ling the strictness of preliminary examina-
tions, and not before; rasher measures would
suroly prove suioidal.
The Victoria Advocate says:
Kilgore, tho kicker, did not receive the ap-
pointment as miuistor to Mexico. Texans are
looked upon with something like hatred at
the Aztec capital, and tho Texas congressman
would not havo been a persona grata.
Occasionally a country contemporary of
The News fancies that ho has boon slighted in
this column and charges that discriminations
aro mado in favor of othor papors. Doubtless
somo good things are overlooked in tho com-
pilations. It is not an uncommon thing for
The News to roceivo a hundrod Texas papers
in a day, and nothing but tho exportness of
long habit would enable one to givo oven a
glance at all they say. Some good things aro
necessarily overlooked and others are loft out
for want of room, like the pie and cake by the
country editor who was invited to partake of a
sumptuous dinner and needed nothing moro
to fill up.
The La Grange Democrat says:
McGaughey and the land office are being in-
vestigated; Governor Hogg wants Dilling-
ham, Ripley, Faulkner and the United States
courts investigated; the populists in the legis-
lature aro anxious to investigate the acts of
the railroad commission of Texas, and, on
tho wholo, it seems to bo a kind of an investi-
gating fever that has struck the country.
The Now Braunfols Horald says:
The university muddle is getting into a
beautiful fix. Tho Herald sees no roason to
change its mind about thoro being a largo den
of rottonncss thero or thereabouts, and slob-
bering things over is not going to satisfy the
poople. Thoy want a full and complete in-
vestigation, and if Govornor Hogg and the
prescut legislature will not givo it to them
they will elect mon next year who will investi-
The treo3 aro reported by tho papors to be
coming out in full suits of green like the
Father Hanson of the Gonzales Allianco-
Citizon is alive and kicking. He says:
A young friend of ours asked us a few days
ago how wo wore getting along. Wo told him
wo were kicking. He asked us what we were
kicking about, We told him any mule would
kick when tho dogs got to barking at his hoela.
The old man has tho persistoncy as well as
tho courage of tho mule, but ho does not like
tho kicks of friends aud foes indiscrimi-
Old Equus of Richmond rivals Borgh, the
founder of tho New York socioty for tho pre-
vention of cruelty to animals. Tho Richmond
South Texan says:
A few days ago that venerable old patriarch
of Richmond, Dr. Goo. A. Feris, who is noted
for his great fondness and sympathy for do-
mestic animals, and especially horaes, was
standing in front of tho postotlice when a big,
burly negro caine riding up ou a poor little
old stack of bones that could hardly stand up
uuder so great a burden. When tho doctor
saw it he let into that nogro and gavo him a
touguo lashing in tho truo Kentucky stylo,
such as he will not soon forget for his cruelty
to the animal. After this ho turned to tho
poor little thing and gave it a few kind strokes
on the head and a word or two of sympathy,
and then walked off. When he stopped
in front of McCloy & Dillard's the
boys on the streets were laughing
and jumping and saying something
about the latest "Foris importation" aud turn-
ing around to find tho cause of their merry-
making, the doctor was gratified to find tho
uegro's poor littlo dumb brute following in
tho road behind him. "Was it instinct or was
it reason?" is tho question propounded by tho
doctor, and ho says this is ono of tho highest
compliments ho ever rocoived from a dumb
animal, although he has imported from
Arabia as well as other foreign and home
countries some of tho finest specimons of
horso flesh that ever came to Texas, and was
one of the prime movers and tho first presi-
dent of a state fair in Texas.
The man in tho nursery play who catches
hons and puts them in pens finds that some
lay eggs and somo lay nono; but the Aransas
Harbor Herald prints an articlo to show that
on the wholo tho layout does toot pay, owing
to the numbor of hens that prefer to set and
tho number of others that stand around and
Tho Brownsville Horald says:
Thero was small room for choice with Mr.
Cleveland ootweon Governor Gray and Con-
gressman Kilgoro for the Mexican mission,
Kilgore would have shown good judgmeut had
ho withdrawn his application for tho place
when (jray's candidaoy was mado known.
Gray is a man of much greater prostigo than
Kilgore. The lattor mado himself ridiculous
by accusing Senator Mills of being tho cause
of his losing the place, whon evory ooo is of
tho opinion that Cleveland could not possibly
have choson him instead of Gray. It is very
plainly to bo soon that Kilgore is ^chagrinod
and wishes to lay the blamo for his dofoat on
Mi Us, whom ho doe3 not like.
The Brownsville Cosmopolitan says an ar-
ticle which lately appoared in this paper un-
der tho heading of "A Bull Fighting Yarn" is
original matter which appeared in tho Cosmo-
politan of February 24. As a general thing
the receivor is regarded as an accomplice in
the theft of goods, but the laws discriminate
in favor of innocent receivers as woll as inno-
cent purchasers. Many newspaper waifs go
the rounds iike mavericks, without marks or
brands. Tho Cosmopolitan says:
We are not finding fault. Wo only wish to
noto an exception; to use a legal term iu tho
court wo should bo taken to task by that pa-
per for inadvertently doing tho same thing.
Tho woll known liberality of The News in
these matters is sufficient justification for re-
Thanks for such liberality. Draw on tho
columns of The News for enough to balance
the account. The Norman maxim is a motto
Among tho obsoleto or still born laws of
Texas is that making it an offense to keep
screens before tho doors of saloons, thereby
concealing men in the act of drinking. Tho
papers note with soma surpnso the caso at
Richmond, Fort Bond county:
The county attorney lias instituted suit in
the district court against G. A. Reading, on
his liquor dealer's bond, for the recovery of
$500 ponalty. The breach of tho bond is al-
leged to cousist in tho defendant's failure to
roinove a screeu in frout of tho bar.
It is supposed that county attorneys gonor-
aily negloct to take this course to avoid tho
opposition of the saloon keepors aud their cus-
tomers at the polls.
The poot makes Selkirk on his island ask
solitude, where are the charms that poots
have seen in your face. Byron says if solitude
succeed to grief rolease from pain were slight
relief and now comcs the Brenham Banner
and says thero is littlo joy when ono is joyful
aloue. Tho Bible says it is not good for man
to be alone as a general thing. But bad com-
pany is worso than none. Paul saya evil com-
munications corrupt good manners and tho
Bible contains many warnings against bad
HIGHEST STATE C10UKTS.
Criminal Appeal* P.'cisions—Dallas.
Dallas, Tex., March 22.—Tho court of
criminal appeals to-day disposed of the fol-
Affirmed: Ex parte, Wm. Mallory from
Reversed and remanded: Moreno vs. stato
from Webb; Tnnkersiee vs. stato from East-
The following cases were submitted: Es-
pinoaa vs. state from Cameron; Linch vs.
stato from Lavaca.
Civil Court of Appeals—Second District.
Fort Wouth, Tex., March 22.—The following
dispositions wore made of the motion docket
to-day in tho court of civil appeals:
Passed until April 5: A. P. Finley vs. M. J.
Leave granted to file transcript: J. M. May-
tor vs. C. W. Guild; W. C. Moody & Co. et al.
vs. D. O. McRimmon <fc Co.; J. F. Farrell et
al. vs. E. I. Wilson.
Motion to file transcript refused: P. II.
Cullen et al. vs. R. C. Rash et al.; J. R. Mill-
sap vs. Berryman Bros.; Fort Worth and Den-
ver City railway company et al. va. Fort Worth
Grocer company; San Antonio and Aransas
Pass railway company et al. vs. C. T. Herring.
Rehearing refused: Gulf, Colorado and
Santa Fo railway company vs. W. L. Kizziah;
Sulphur Springs and Mount Pleasant railway
company vs. St. Louia, Arkansas and Texas
Affirmed on certificate: Texas Trunk rail-
way company vs. Jackson Brothers; S. David-
son vs. W. S. Ikard et al.
Stricken from the docket: J. R. Millsap vs.
Leave granted to file now appeal bond: L.
Troutman ct al vs. E. A. McClusky et al.
Appellant granted leave to filo transcript
and appellees granted .-inly days to file briefs:
D. M. Alexander vs. Baumer Bros.
Motion to strikb out statement of facts
stricken from thedockot; no such record being
in court: A. Q. Mignon vs. M. I). Akard& Co.
Motion to certify questions to the supremo
court granted: M. E. Stooksborry et al. va.
M. Swan et al.
Motion to withdraw transcript refused: A.
J. Mathonicau vs. Scott & Baldwin ct al.
Motion for a writ of prohibition submission
sot aside, appellant granted leave to file a
new supersedeas boud and sot for resub-
mission and further argument on March 29:
W. O. Ellia vs. Vernon ico, light aud water
company et al.
Motion to suppress brief and dismiss ap-
peal overruled: David French vs. John
Koenig et al.
Motion to re-brief granted: Wichita Valley
railway company va. W. (). Peery.
Motion to file additional brief grantod: E.
Bauman et al. vs. E. J. Jaffroy ot al.
Civil Appeals, Tlilnl District.
Austin, Tex., March 22.—In the court of
civil appeals at Austin tho following casos
Affirmed: Queen insurance company vs.
tho Stato, from Travis; Cameron & Co. vs.
Gebhard, from McLennan; Gulf, Colorado
and Santa Fe railway company vs. Bacon,
from Boll; Broussard vs. Dull, from McMul-
Roversod and romanded; Paulsoa vs. Paul-
son, from McLonnan.
Affirmed with foreclosure of lien: Jones vs.
Blake, from McLonnan; Massey vs. Bmkc,
Affirmed on certificate: Gray et al. vs. Mc-
Kohan, from Limestone; Woltz vs. Johnson,
from Bexar; Jones vs. Paggi from Llano; In-
grall vs. Bell, from McLonnan.
Appeal diatnissod: Orendorf & Co. va. Mo-
lino plow company, from Burnett; Orendorf
& Co. vs. Harroil, from Burnett,
President in Fact.
New York, March 22.—[Special.]—A Wash-
ington special to a morning paper says: It
has just leakod out that President Cleveland
has notified tho mombers of tho cabinet that
they must make no appointments uutil tho
names of thoso selected to assume ollico have
been submitted to and approved by him. The
rule has been laid down by tho president in
the most positive terms and it is to apply oven
to clerks in tho departments.
Another interesting fact also bocamo known
to-day. At the first cabinet mooting tho ques-
tion of removing republicans in tho diplo-
matic and consular service or allowing them
to servo out tho terms for which they woro ap-
pointed was discussed. The sontimont ex-
pressed was generally in favor of not remov-
ing any republican holdovers except for cause.
Socretary of State Grcsham alono is said to
have objoctod to this plan.
East River Bridges.
New York, March 22.—The board of alder-
men granted yesterday, by a close vote, the
franchise to tho East Rivor bridge company,
capitalized at $25,000,000, to erect two addi-
tional bridgos connecting Now York and
Brooklyn. All that is now necessary is for
Mayor Grant to attach his signature to tho
It will tako soven yoars to complote the
Counsel to Proseouto Redwine.
Atlanta, Ga., March 22.—Attorney Gonoral
Olney has appointed Captain Harry Jackson
associato counsel for the go>jrnmontin tho
caso against Redwine, the defaulting cashior
of tho Gate City national bank.
Captain Jackson is a brothor-in-law of Hoko
Smith and father of Thomas Cobb Jackson,
who committed suicido aftor tho disappear-
ance of hia friond Redwine.
The Pistol in Memphis.
Memphis, Tonn., March 22.—Wm. Burnett
was shot and fatally wounded to-day by W.
Harris. Harris visited Burnett to consult the
latter concerning a contract. Hot words
passed and Burnett struck Harris for calling
him a liar. Harris whippod out a revolver
and shot Burnett.
THE OFFICIALS WORN OUT
WITH INTEODUOINCt, CROWDING AND
Physical Exhaustion EoTinniu^ to
vcue—Secrotary Carlisle States the
Position of the Departments.
^Washington, March 22.—[Special.]—Tho
congressmen aro about worn to a frazzlo. A
moro utterly exhausted sot of m«n I havo
never seen. Day in and day out from tho
moment Mr. Cleveland was installed in the
white house thoy have boon taking visiting
ollice-seekors to fieo him or somo head of de-
partment. They confess now that they cau
hardly go any further on account of physical
exhaustion. At tho beginning of this terrific
condition which thoy havo been experiencing
they were chippor and loud in their declara-
tion that their constituents who had elected
them had a perfect right to walk them to
death and they walkod and walked until their
gait io alow and their heels leadon. They still
say that their constituents havo the right and
should call on them for assistance, but they
say it in a whisper, and the condition of tho
cabinet is the same.
I saw Mr. Cleveland to-day and his hand
was weak. In tlie whito house at the time
were huudreds of visitors. In tho morning ho
was surrounded by congressmen introducing
office-seeking constituents, This lasted from
10 until 1. As soon as tho clock struck that
hour ho came down iu the east room and a
wall of humanity passed by hirn for an hour
or more, forcing him to shake hands. Every
day this thing goos on.
Socretary Carlisle told a congressman who
called on him to-day that ho wished all the
would go home.
Ho said that ho Baw in this the only possible
relief to the cabinet and hoadsoi departments.
"Now," said ho, "wo aro not able to do ono
stroko of work. Wo can not look after the
business of the government itself and wo can
not do anything about tho offices, in regard to
which there is so much concorn. I havo to
receive visitors all day long, and when night
comes I can not even look after the business
of the department then because I am ao worn
out. If the congressmen would go homo
there would not be anybody here to introduce
the ollico huntara, and they might go too. All
the recommendations aud all tho indorse-
ments and, iu fact, ail tho papers in regard to
any applicant for office will bo looked into iu
time aud a conclusion come to from them.
But as long as we can not do anything but re-
ceive visitors we can not examine the papers
and, therefore, can not make appointments."
Ho expresses about the same idea that all
the department heads feel.
Texans and tho Offices.
Washington, March 22.—[Special.]—The
nomination of Mr. Stewart of Gainesville for
tho judgeship of the Indian territory has been
favorably agreed to by the judiciary commit-
tee of tho senate, and ho will doubtless bo
confirmed at tho next executive session of that
body. Mr. Stowart loaves for home to-night.
Congressman Kilgoro took Mr. J, C. Hodges
and several others to the whito house to-day
and introduced them to tho president. When
Mr. Hodgos was introduced to Mr. Cleveland
he said to him: "Are you the gentleman who
divided time with the negro who was burned
at Paris?" Mr. Hodges replied that he had
made a speech on that occasion, and the con-
versation contiuued, but in a different line.
I did not hear this, but all present say it
occurred, and Mr. Hodges says so, too. Tho
latter will not go home to-night, as he had in-
Judge Abbott, too, has concluded to post-
pone his return homo for a day or two.
The following aro tho names of tho appli-
cants for positions unifler the treasury depart-
ment, as shown on the candidates' book of that
department: Samuol Cunditf of Forney, in-
spector of immigration; F. A. Patrick of Pal-
estine, collector of customs of tho Fourth dis-
trict; D. S. Yeagin of, Eastland, collector of
internal revenue of the Fourth district; D.
N. Murphy for collector at tho Corpus Christi
port; P. M. Putnam of El 1'aso for spocial
agent; G. B. Stevenaon of El Paso,collector at
El Paso; E. D. Linn of Victoria for collector
at Eaglo Pass.
Judge Abbott has recommended tho follow-
ing gentlemen for tho following poatofficea:
J. H. Galbroath, Frost; J. C. Phillips, Iredell;
R. C. West, Hillsboro; J. P. Boll, Kotnp; J,
II. Boyd, Lancaster: Charles C. West, Joshua:
J. M. Carroll, Hubbard; T. M. Huddloston,
Mr. Metcalf, who was recommended for tho
postoffico at Guide, has been withdrawn and
J. H. Campbell recommended.
Judge Abbott has also recommended Drs.
J. II. Gibbs, John D. Parsons and C. M. Ras-
scr as medical examiners. They will roside
at Dallas. Dre. Thurston and Sutton, the
present examiners, are excluded by tho rules
mado by tho administration, which oppose re-
Tho following additional applications for
office were filod in tho treasury department to-
day: Joseph 11. Simpson of Corpus Christi,
for position uuder the secret service; J. D.
Stouoof Comaneho, for auditorship; A. M.
Lacy of Audorson county, for collector of in-
teruai rovonue; A. J. Lcnhorough of Snyder,
for colloctor of customs at El Paeo;
Clifford Moorman of Hillsboro, for colloctor
of internal rovonuo of the Fourth district; G.
P. Finluy of Galveston, for collector of the
With Favorable Prospects.
Washington, March 22.—I Special. 1—Mr.
Robert McCart of Fort Worth loft for Chicago
to-night. Ho has been an applicant for a
foreign misBion, but has at no time pushed
himself to tho extent of putting himsolf in an
antagonistic attitude toward either Mr. Kil-
goro, when ho was a candidate, or Mr. Terrell.
Mr. McCart and Vice President Stephenson are
very warm friends and the lattor will do all
he can for tho former.
Everyone hore thinks Judgo Torroll has a
sure thing of tho Turkish mission.
Tho representatives of Texas confess they
do not know anything about any of tho chances
of the candidates for marshal, district attor-
ney or colloctor. They seom to believo after
all the senators will decido these matters, and
to mo it looks the name way, because as the
representatives can not agroo, somebody will
have to settle the question. Thero is a gen-
eral belief hore which has grown greatly
within tho past week that Mr. Armistead of
Jofforson stands the best show of all the candi-
dates for the district attorneyship of oastern
the nominations sent in
by the president to-day meet with approval
everywhere. Somo of the gentlemen woro
not considered at all by the outside, but when
they woro nominated ovorybody was willing to
say well dono. In fact sinco Mr. Clovoland
commencod to make appointments after ho
formed his cabinet I havo yot to hear a word
of disapproval from auy democrat hore.
Washington, March 22.—LSpocial.]—The
following namod persons have been grantod
pensions, (isauo of March 13,1893): Texas
original, Jamos W. Pattou, Daniel O'Brien.
Indian torritory: original, Hector Vann.
Additional, Cary W. Gregory.
New Statistician* Appointed.
Washington, March 22.—Secretary Morton
has appointed Judgo Henry A. Robinson of
Detroit, Mich., statistician of tho agricultural
No Extra Session of Congress.
New Yoke, March 22.—Accordiug to Wash-
ington spocials, Representative Holman, who
callod at tho whito house to-day, is authority
for the statement that tho president does not
intond to call an extra aeasion of congress.
He will only call one under Btress of circum-
stances that do not now exist.
Nominated by the President.
Washington, March 22.—Tho president to-
day sent tho following nominations to the sen-
Interior: John S. Seymour of Connecticut
to bo commissioner of patents; Silas VV. Laina-
roux of Wisconsin to be commissioner goneral
of tho land offico; W. H. Sims of Mississippi
to be assistant secrotary of the interior; Ed-
ward A. Bowers of Washington, D. C., to bo
assistant commissioner of tho general land
offico; Iloury G. Bell to bo second deputy
commissioner of pensions.
Justico: Horace H. Lurton of Tcnno.isee to
bo circuit judgo for the Sixth judicial district;
to bo marshal of the United States, Frank E,
White of JSiobraaka, for tho district of Ne-
Stato: Max Judd of Missouri to be consul
general of the United States at Vienna.
Treasury: John G. Carter of Louisiana to
bo collector of internal rovonue for the district
of Louisiana and Mississippi.
Postmasters: Miss Lola Tyna, at Groes-
beeck, Tex.; Wm. T. England, at Van Buron,
II. II. Lurton, nominated to be judgo of tho
Sixth judicial circuit, ia tho present chief jus-
tice of the supremo court of Tennessee. It
was for this place that President Harrison
named Benjamin Hanchott of Michigan,
which nomination failed for lack of timo in
the senate to act. upon it. Ho is about 45 years
of ago and a native of Tennessee. For sovoral
years ho was chief chancellor of his district,
and was then elected to the supremo bench,
where ho is now serving aa its clnof justico.
John Seymour, nominated to bo commis-
sioner of patenta, is a lawyor by profession,
about 45 years of age and a resident of Nor-
walk, Conn. Two years ago he was elected
stato senator, which was his Drat public ser-
vice. At present ho is insurancocommissioner
of the stuto.
William H. Sims, who is named as first, as-
sistant secretary of the interior, has a fiueroc-
ord in his native ^tafo of Mississippi. Ho was
a gallant soldier of the confederacy and left a
leg upon the field. He is a resident of Colum-
bus, and is said to bo a man of excellent
parts and au eminent lawyer and good politi-
John J. Carter, nominated to bo collector of
intornal revenue, district of Louisiana, is 40
years of age, resides in Mindon, and has taken
au aetivo part in state politics for tho past fif-
teen or twenty yours, serving for a time in tho
F. A. Bowers is a young lawyor of this city,
a college graduate aud a niau of broud cul-
ture. Ho is a native of Connecticut. Somo
years ago he went to South Dakota and begau
the practice of law, but two or threo years
ago ho transferred his practice to this city,
whoro he has been acting in the capacity as
eounsol for the National forestry association,
of which lie is uu active member. It is sup-
posed his appointment was influenced by a
desiro on the part of tho president to give
graator prominence iu tho laud ollico to tho
important subject of forestry than it has horo-
Max Judd of Missouri, nominated to bo
consul general at Vienna, is a nativo of Aus-
tria, but came to this country with his parents
when a child. Ho has resided in St. Louis for
tho past twenty-live years, where he has com-
manded the respect of all tho people regard-
loss of sect and has created for himself an ex-
cellent standing in the business worid. Ho is
a man of wealth, of lino education and good
address, and his frieuds say he will bo a credit
to his country and his party in the new post he
has been called upon to fill.
Henry C. Boll, appointed second deputy
commissioner of pensions, has boon for tho
last eight years or more a clerk in the pension
office and has risou by merit to a position of
responsibility there. lie is a native of Illinois
and was appointed from that state. On the
last roster of the department he is carried as
a third class clork at $1000.
S. \V. Latnoroaux of Wisconsin, nominated
to bo commissioner of tho general land otilec,
is a warm personal friend of Senator Vilas,
and rocoived tho unqualified indorsement of
that gentleman for tho place to which ho has
been nominated. Mr. Lamoroaux is a native
of Now York, but went to Wisconsin before
the war, and at the breaking out of tho strug-
gle joined tho army and sorved as a captain.
He has sorvod his state as sonator and district
attorney, but for the last fourteen years has
been the county judgo of the court having
Confirmed by tho Senate.
Washington, March 22.—The following aro
the confirmations to-day:
Frank B. Burko, United States attorney,
district of Indiana; David T. Guyton, United
States marshal, Northern district of Missis-
sippi ; William 11. Hawkins, United States mar-
shal, district of Indiana.
Tho following namod fourth class postofficos
havo been raisod to tho presidential class, to
date April 1: ('handler, Ok,; Edrnuud, Ok.,
and Fonuessy, Ok. _
Wasiitnuton, March 22.—A provision in tho
last legislative appropriation bill roquired tho
appointment by tho spoakor of tho houso and
prosiding officer cf tho sonato of tho Fifty-second
congress of a commission to imjuiro into tho work-
ings of tho several oxocutivo departments of tho
Mr. Cullom, ono of tho senators so appointod,
applied to tho senate to-day to bo relievod of
dutios on tho commission, but it was developed
ia tho courso of tho discussion that tho law did
not provide a moaus of lilliug vacancics that
The subjoct gavo Mr. Hoar an opportunity for
challenging the constitutionality of rocont ap-
pointments by tho president of tho sonato as del-
egates to tho Brussels monotary ronferonce and
in other civil capacities, and he thought tlio
question ef sufficiently gravo importance to havo
it referred with Mr. ('idiom's resignation to the
coiumitteo on privilegos and elections.
Finally, in view of tho difliculties iu tho caso.
Mr. Cullom withdrew his request and Mr. Hoar's
motion fell with it.
Mr. Mandorsou resigned tho position of presi-
dent pro torn, of tho senate and Mr. Harris was
selected in hia place. Mr. Maudoraou s.tid there
had como to him two yoars aero tho distinguished
honor of boing eloctod president pro torn, of tho
senate. No favorable opportunity had scorned to
prosoat itself hitherto to express recognition of
that distinction. Ho now desired to express his
deep senso of the honor and heartfelt thanks to
political associates by whom that distinction had
been conferred. He also thanked heariily those
of opposing politics who had made no nomina-
tion against tho republican solectlon. He had
come to tho plaeo, therefore, by tho unanimous
vote of tho aonuto. lie thanked all for tho dis-
tinction conferred and for tho forbearanco which
permitted him while occupying the chair to dis-
charge its duties with, he hoped, some degree of
acceptability. Lie tendorod hia resignation of tho
ollico of pro.sid'mt pro torn.
The resignation, on motion of Mr. Sherman, was
Tho sonato then, on motion of Mr. Gorman, pro-
ceeded to tho election of a president pro torn.
Mr. Coekrell offered resolutions declaring Sona-
tor Harrisof Tennessee prosident protein, to hold
the ollico during tho pleasure of the sonato. Tho
resolution was agreed to and Mr. Harris, escorted
by Mr. Mandereon, took and signed tho oath of
office at the clerk's desk. The vico president hav-
ing left tho chair temporarily, Mr. Harris said:
"Senators, 1 am profoundly grateful for tho
honor you havo done mo in this Boloction and it
shall bo my earnest object and purpose to do-rorvn
tiie kindness and confidonco which has conferred
it on n;o. My thanks, senators; my thanks."
Mr. VoorheoB epoko of a resolution offered at
the cloao of last session by Mr. Uoriuan and
agreed to it. unanimously thanking Mr. Mander-
son for the ablo and most satisfactory manner in
which ho had discharged tho duties of president
pro torn of tho seuate. There tho matter might
rest, but it had been suggested that iu taking
leave of Mr. Manderson in his official capacity he,
Mr. Yoorhees, might exnreas for the democratic
sido of tho chamber thoir thanks anew and their
lk»et wishes for him in evory relation of life here-
after. The relations, just sunderod, Mr. Voorhoes
added, were most delightful.
On motion of Mr. Moi'heraon a resolution was
adopted directing the secretary of tho senate to
wait upon tho president and inform him that Mr.
Harris had beou elected president pro tem. In
placoof Mr. Mandorsou, resigned.
Mr. Dubois offered an amendment, which was
referred to the counnittoo on contingent oxponses,
for uppointmont of a soloct committee of seven
to investigate tho facts as to recent difficulties
betwoon employing silver miuors and working
miners of Idaho; as to omployniont of armod de-
tectives in connection with those diilicultios; tho
necossity for use of Uuitod States soldiers, their
conduct, etc., with power to sit during recess and
After au executive sossion the senate udjournsd.
HE CHOKED HER TO DEATH.
S. T. FEEEMAU TELLS HOW HE KILLED
Oonfosnod tho Orime, But Saya She Abused
and Beat Him Before He Knocked Hjr
Down and Choked Her.
Paris, Tex., March 22.—A solf-eonfosaed
wife murderer was placed in the county jail
at 4 o'clock this morning. At 1 or 2 o'clock
Tuesday morning S. T. Freoman, who lives
in the neighborhood of Tigertown, twenty
miles northwest of this city, beat and choked
hia wife to death. The story of the criino is
given in his own language, a9 taken down in
the presence of witnesses. He made his state-
ment very coolly and deliberately, and ana-
werod ali questions frankly, without any ap-
parent effort at concealment of anything.
Freeman ia a low, heavy set man, about 5 feet
5 inches tall, woighing about 100 pounds; has
vory red hair, beard and complexion. His
clothing is very shabby, and he has a generally
unkempt appearance. lie has a vory shapely
head, and hia forehead indicates a man of at
least average intelligence. At tho cloao of the
interview, as he arose to go to his coll, for the
first timo ho botrayed somo anxiety, and in-
quired iu nervous tones: "Boys, what will
they do with mo? Will they hang me?"
No ono could answer that.
"Will some one lend me a quarter until my
friend comes in with mouoy?" ho asked.
Asked why ho wanted money, he replied:
"Want to send out for some things."
No ono gave him tho money. Ho then asked
Dr. Hathaway, the jailer, to give him his bot-
llo of suuff. It was procured and he was told
to take a pinch.
he begged fop. a knife
to got it out with, but this waa deuied him. At
this timo ho scomod to bo getting very anx-
ious, and as he was being taken from the con-
sultation room to the cell he again asked if ho
would be hanged, and getting no reply said ho
reckoned ho would. Here is tho statement
taken by the reporter, which was road over to
"xVfy name is S. T. Freeman. I came to
this county abcut a month ago from Fannin
county. 1 was born in Kaufman county, Tex.,
in 1857. About six months ago I married a
Mrs, Smith, who had been previously married
to a man named Biddix. Slio had throe chil-
dren—a girl of 0, a boy of G, and a girl of 15.
The two eldest were by Biddix. She was about
27 years of ago and weighed about 125 pounds,
and came from Tennessee or North Carolina.
I had been married before, Rnd have two
childron by my wife—a giri of It) and a boy of
8 years. About two months ago I had soveral
groups of pictures of myself and my two chil-
dren taken at Bonham. My wife said if I sent
ono of them to my sister, Mrs. 0. J. Galii-
more, who lives at Vornon, Wilbargor county,
she would not have ono of them, and boaidea
if she got her lmnda on them
sue would destroy them.
I then told her if she was that kind of a
woman she would never get her hands on
them. So I kept them in my coat pockofc a
good long timo. The other day I was over at
Mr. Dudley's houso and his daughter beggod
mo to give her ono of the group on account
of tho littlo girl, and I gavo her one. I alao
gave ono to a man named Ladford. I had two
pictures left and my wife fouud these on Mon-
day night. I had been, over to Mr. Adams',
a neighbor, after a sack of Hour. When I re-
turned sho asked: 'What in tho name of
have you lied to mo for?' 1 wanted to
know what lies she meaut, as I had told her
no lies. She said sho had found the pictures
and would listou to no explanation, and begaa
to abuso me, calling mo all kinds of names*.
She hit mo three licks with the heel of hor
shoo, when I got hold of it and took it from
her to keep hor from hurting me. As I was
doing this she
got my finger in her mouth
and bit it badly. I beggod her to listen to
me and she finally got quieted down and we
went to bod. Botween 1 and 2 o'clock I was
awakened by hearing her gagging. She had
been sick a lew days before aud had vomited
a great deal. When I woke sho said that she
wished she had something to make her throw
up. I got up and fixed hor up a cup of salt
water und carried it to her to drink. Sho
cried: 'Take,it away from lioro! 1 don't
want anything'you could fix. I could kill you
as freely as 1 over ate a bite!' From that aho
commenced again. She got up and struck mo
with a chair. I caught it and took it away
from her. She got a stick of stove wood and
struck me with it. I got hold of it and wo
scutUod around until we got near the door,
whon she shoved me out and jumped out after
mo and struck me again. I then grabbed her
imd took it from hor, Sho thou got hold of
a double-bladed ax and struck at mo with
that, but I got it away from her. Sho got a
atiek and said: 'I'll kill you if it is in my
power!' and started at me.
then i picked up a stick
and as she camo up struck hor one lick with
it, knocking hor down, after which I caught
hor by tho throat and choked her to death. I
never ccased choking her until I knew sho
was dead. If I am hung for it I don't think I
will bo punished iu tho world to como. I did
not confess immediately aftor the deod was
done. Tho next morning I went to Mr. Adams',
who lived about 1100 yards away, and told him
gomobody had killod my wife the night before
and that Bomobody had boen in my houso
during the night. I thought I would bo ablo
to lie out of it, but my littlo girl saw us fight-
ing and saw me kill hor. Sho gave me away.
Seeing that it was no uso to deny it I con-
fessed. A posse took me to Tigortown and
kept mo until Deputy Shorilf McKnight carno
and brought mo here."
During tho recital of this story Freeman
manifested no compunctions of conscience,
and soomed to think he had done nothing very
wrong. While on routo hero he told the story
to Deputy Sheriff McKnight, who warned hirn
that it would bo used against him. He said
ho did not caro, as ho wanted it known just as
it happened, and if ho hangod him ho could
not help it.
Who tho othor porson in tho yard on tho
night of the killing was Freoman, who said
some one was thoro, has not yot told.
Court at Helena.
Helena, Tex., March 22,—District court ia
in session, with Judgo S, F. Grimes on tho
bench. Nothing of importance was dono
Monday. Tho civil dookot, which is light,
was taken up to-day. The criminal docket
will be called Thursday, when it is hoped
Diatrict Attornoy A. B. Davidson will bo ablo
to attend. Ho has been at home confined to
his bod for several days. Soveral important
cases it ia expected will bo triod at this term.
Among tho visiting attorneys aro Brown and
Kono of San Marcos. McNoal of Gonzales,
Camp aud Baliard of Florosvillo and May Held
and ( Jreon of San Antonio.
Sheriff Soalo has sutlioiontly recovored from
his rocont aiekness to be at his post thia
Tho health of this community is excollent.
Refusod to Register Laredo Bonds,
Laredo, Tex., March 22.—Information ha9
boon received from Austin by Mayor McLano
of Laredo that tho comptroller has refuBod to
registor tho city bonds rocontly issued by tho
city council. Owing to tho present bonded
indebtedness of the city tho now issuo was for
a greater amount than is authorized by tho
general incorporation act under which Larodo
is incorporated, tho totrd issuo for registration
being $04,000. Tho mayor has called a special
meeting of the council to discuss matters.
Six cars of com entered Mexico yesterday,
but without tho necessary papers, and tho rail*
road company was fined $150,
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 364, Ed. 1 Thursday, March 23, 1893, newspaper, March 23, 1893; Galveston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth468989/m1/4/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.