The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 4, Ed. 1 Monday, March 28, 1892 Page: 4 of 8
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THE GALVESTON DAILY NEWS, MONDAY, MARCH 28, 1892.
A. H. BELO A CO., Publishers.
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Washington, D. C.—Correspondent's office, 511 Four-
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MONDAY, MARCH 28, 1892.
THE NEWS' FAST TRAIN SERVICE.
The Special Galveston
News train, running
over the Galveston,
Houston and Hender-
\ son division of the In-
to ternational and Great
leaves Galveston for
Houston at 3.45 a. m.
each day. It makes the
following connections at Houston: Texas
and New Orleans railway, leaving Houston
at 5.50 a. m., arriving at Beuumont at 8.30
a. m.. Orange 0.35 a. m„ Lake Charles, L.a.,
10.4 5 a. ui., and New Orleans 7.20 j>. in. Gal-
veston, TIarrisburg and San Antonio rail way,
leaving Houstou at 7.30 a. m., arriving at
San Antonio at 4.10 p. m. Houston liast and
West Texas railway (Bremond's), leaving
Houston at 8.30 a. m., arriving at Shi evoport
at 10 p. in. San Antonio and Aransas Pass
railway, leaving Houston at 7.30 a. in., arriv-
ing at San Antonio at 7.10 p. m. Houston
and Texas Central railway, leaving Houston
at 9.00 a. m„ arriving at Denison at 10.30p.
m. The prime object of The News train is to
place the paper over a considerable portion
of Texas before breakfast, and it does it.
Recognizing its great convenience to the
traveling public, a passenger couch Is at-
tached for their accommodation, by which
means those desiring may spend the night
in Galveston and yet make connection with
all the early trains out of Houston.
A DESIRABLE COMBINATION.
It has been intimated to The News man-
agement that numerous poatotllces in the
state, while not having daily mail facilities,
are accommodated with tri-weekly and semi-
weekly mails, and that while it would be use-
less for residents at such points to take a daily
paper, they are desirous of receiving more
than one issue per week. In furtherance of
this desire The News offers The Sunday News
(twelve to sixteen pages) and The Weekly
News (twelve pages) in combination for $2 50
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three months. This combination rate will
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Sloan, E. A. Luzenberg, T. B. Baldwin and
K. W. Roberson, A. H. Belo <fc Co.
OftlTMton. Ttx., March 3, 1892.
WITHOUT WARRANT OF LA W.
Can the president and senate make war
without the concurrence of the house of rep-
resentatives? It is reported from Washington
that the treaty of arbitration regarding Behr-
ingsea will be ratified by the senate, but that
a resolution will accompany it reciting that
there does not appear to be any sufficient rea-
son for the abatement by the United States of
its claims to jurisdiction pending arbitration
and authorizing the president to use all the
force of the military arm of the government
to insure the protection of the rights of the
United States. This expression seems to im-
ply that the United States claims
exclusive jurisdiction over that sea. but
such is not the case. There is no law of
the United States containing such an asser-
tion; and any law of any country regarding
the use of an open sea is construod to mean
that it applies to the citizens or subjects of
the nation the legislature of which enacts the
law. In the recent controversy on the Behring
sea question Blaine abandoned the pretension,
which was purely an executive assumption in
the first place, that the sea is closed. The
law of congress to prevent poaching ap-
plies to the waters of that sea the
property of the United States, which ex-
pression means no more than would a similar
expression about the watecs of the Atlantic
the property of Denmark. Such waters are
those within the recognized coast limit. There
is the hocus pocus of the Behring sea business.
Congress passed an act in terms which every
lawyer will understand, but the executive has
made half pleas of vested right by cession
from Russia of a portion of the ocean and
other half-pleas of equity on account of a
peculiar liability of alleged property in game
to be injured through the fact that the game
will stray in the common waters. If some weak
power owned the breeding place we should
doubtless insist that the right to fish in the
ocean is paramount and should we not rather
protest that any unrestricted slaughter at the
breeding place was an impairment of the fair
.right of all to a chance at hunting the game
in the open? It is very probable. Now in
this situation the senate may pass a resolution
encouraging the president in a resort to seiz-
ures at sea, for which there is no law of the
United States applicable to foreign vessels,
and such seizure will therefore be an act of
war to all intents and purposes. Hence the
question asked at the beginning of this article
and intended for the attention of congressmen
as well as the citizens generally.
The banks are full of money and there is
plenty of room for work, improvement and
development to be done in Texas. Now put
this and that together and prosper.
TIIE TYLER YELLOW JACKETS.
Think of it—the state of Texas that has fed
Tyler statesmen with the fatness of office for
half a century, now accused of indignity to a
Tyler hierarchy because forsooth the nearly
3,000,000 people of this stato preferred Mills
to Chilton for a senator! Not one word of
bitter recrimination is heard from grand old
Dave Culberson. He is from eastern Texas,
is scarred by the harness of faithful service,
trained in a trying school of experience and
practice, yet he bows to the decision of the
people with simplicity of respect and grace.
Tyler is one of the most attractive
and delightful little cities in Texas.
The only objectionable thing about Tyler
is its nest of brocaded political yellow jack-
ets. As long as the hive behaved itself like
industrious, busy bees should it got the official
honey; but it has gone to the desperate ex-
treme of undertaking to live by the sting and
to play the bully yellow jacket in this immense
garden spot of all the earth. The spirit of in-
tolerant domination is going to make it rocky
for Tyler politicians of the present generation.
It began with Governor Hogg and the mixed
leaven of conceit, intolerance, virulence and
demagogic mischief seems to have soaked the
whole nest thoroughly. Governor Hogg has
defied the people of Texas who elected him.
He did this in demanding the right to appoint
officials of greater power than he has himself.
He did this when he skipped a dozen life-long
favorites of the people of Texas and appointed
his personal favorite a senator. Chairman
Finley has defied the people and spit at a
goodly body of them like a furious cat. Ex-
Senator Chilton defies the people when he in
effect construes the election of his successor to
be an injustice directly to himself, to Tyler
and to eastern Texas, and indirectly to the
administration that appointed him. Hon.
John M. Duncan blows the fire of defiance
into the faces of a free people when he in
effect declares that Tyler dissentients from
Governor Hogg and his methods and
policy should be chased out of Tyler
or should be ground under the
feet of the administration heelers. The
people of Texas have an abiding fullness
of self-respect and courageous spirit. They
are not going to keep any yellow jackets on
them. They are going to aid the good people
of Tyler, who have been ordered to leave
the town, to get rid of this nest of spiteful
yellow jackets. Any further patience would
be downright cowardice. The yellow jacket
must go. _________
Tammany does not seem to have made any-
thing by hauling its great piece of bronze stat-
uary through Georgia.
CONGESTION AND CIRCULATION.
A very large red man may have plenty of
blood in his strong body, but if by reason of
some physical impediment this blood becomes
congested then its very abundance increases
the danger of stagnation. So it is with the
money of this country. It is congestion more
than scarcity from which the country is suffer-
ing. There may not be an abundance of the
blood of commerce, and it might bo better to
increase the present per capita of money in
this country; but no increase in cold manu-
factured dollars is going to do much general
good until the dead dollars of hoarded wealth
are made warm and useful by healthful circu-
lation. For this reason tariff reform in the
interest of freezing commerce and turning
money loose in circulation is of much greater
importance than free silver coinage which,
without the aid of tariff reform, would merely
result in heaping up more dead money in the
treasury vaults and in the frightened banks or
secreted hoards of the country without placing
one dollar of the new coin within reach of the
man who needs it, but who has no employ-
ment or no available security or commodity
•y which to obtain it. What the country
wants is a remedy for congestion. The only
remedy is circulation. This point will surely
stick into overy intelligent citizen of Texas.
The banks are full of money everywhere.
There is plenty of improving and developing
to do. Put this and that together and turn
Texas loose. If this is done there is no reason
in sight why the people of Texas should not
be the most prosperous people on earth.
The law rarely touches in high places.
Without uncertainty there is no hope.
Naturalists claim that even the flies that we
have on us have flies on them, and that the
small iiies on the flies on us have still other
flies on them with minute flies on them. This
being true no man knows how many flies he
has on him.
Every man is an excelsior of some kind in
his own couceit.
The cold shoulder is all the meat some poor
Do not infer a man is sawing wood every
time he is silent. Ho may be asleep.
The laugh is sometimes between the lines of
the funny man.
The bullet is life's great period.
If there are not at least two sides to a ques-
tion then it is not a question.
These are savages in Tammany who would
not hesitate to scalp a mugwump with a wig.
THE STATE PRESS.
What the Papers Throughout the State
Are Talking About.
The Navasota Leader says:
At this time the population of Navasota is
estimated at 4000. Within ,the corporate
limits of the city are eight churches, most of
these being of stone, and an ornament to the
city. The public school of the city is under
the city government and is a ten months'
school, and tho rolls show 650 maticulates
enrolled and about 1000 in the city, and there
is now being erected a splendid college build-
ing of stone and brick. There is a complete
system of waterworks, extending to all parts
of the city. Four artesian wells, having a
depth of 225 feet with a flow of water eight
feet above the ground, estimated at
1200 gallons per hour with a 3-inch casing.
An oil mill was established in 1872 and re-
mains in tho hands of the original owner.
The capacity of this mill is fifty tons of seed
per day; 4000 tons of cake and meal; annual
shipments are 350,000 gallons of oil, 4400 tons
of hulls. There are thirty-five to fifty hands
employed, the weekly pay roll being $100.
The city has a saw mill which manufactures
and ships all kinds of wagon and plow tim-
bers. Three blacksmith shops, where wagons
and plows are manufactured. Two large sad-
dle and harness shops. One opera nouse.
Five hotels of stone and seven boarding
houses. Four livery stables. Throe weekly
newspapers. Two banking establishments,
one private a.*d one national; both on solid
basis; annual business of over $2,000,000.
Fair grounds and race course.
The Goldthwaite Mountaineer is six years
old this grass, no longer a maverick, but full
grown. It says pertinently:
With all the changes and vicissitudes com-
mon to young newspaper life it has held its
own, and made a steady, substantial growth.
It now has one of the best equippod offices in
this section, including a now power press put
in last week, a fast running jobber, and an
abundant supply of type, cases, chases, labor-
saving material, etc. Its past history has
proven its friendship for advancement and
improvement in town and country, and in the
future wo hope its influence will bo still more
widely felt. With tho proper support and
patronage it may be made an immense
power for advancement and development;
without this it can do but little in any direc-
The Mountaineer deserves a liberal support
and tho people of that region will find profit-
able returns for all that is given the paper.
A fair divide. A Columbia letter to the
Brenham Herald says of Brazoria county :
It is now pretty well sottled that there will
be no conflict between the political parties in
tho oiections of this year. There will be a
conference committee and an agreement be-
tween the parties as to how the offices shall bo
divided, and then the democrats will deter-
mine on their mon and the republicans on
theirs, and the candidates so agreed on will
receive the support of all the voters, which
plan seems to meet with considerable favor.
There is no bad olood between the parties and
both are going to be satisfied, though the re-
publicans claim between 800 and 1000 major-
The Willis Index says:
Judge Terrell made a serious mistake in his
Georgetown speech when he indulged in a
covert and unmanly thrust at Sul Ross, and he
injured Governor Hogg a thousandfold more
than he helped him by such an injudicious
The Navasota Echo says:
The esteemed Galveston-Dallas News,
though democratic in principle and genoral
make-up, is the criterion of Texas journalism.
The Lock hart Phonograph says:
A great many people seem to be of the
opinion that the liberties of the press of this
country should be curtailed. For what reason
they fail to state. No righteous man has cause
to fear the censure of tho prefes. It is only
those whose ways are dark that have.
The Edna Progress says:
Tho grand lodge of Knights of Pythias
which m6t at Galveston has concluded its
labors and our friend and fellow-citizen W.
H. Coleman, esq., who wont there as a rep-
resentative of the Edna lodge, has returned.
He was accompanied to Galveston by Mrs,
Coleman, and they are both full of Draise for
the great town and the hospitality of its
The Conroe Enterprise wants other Texas
towns to fall into line:
Now that Galveston has shown its hand in
magnificent proportions toward the repre-
sentation of Texas at the world's fair and
Columbian exposition at Chicago, it is time
for other cities of Texas to put up or shut up.
Galveston leads the pace just now.
The Enterprise credits The News with in-
dustry and fair dealing:
The extracts taken from this paper and pub-
lished in The News give evidence that Stato
Press is a cioso observer and a true friend to
ovory worthy enterprise within the broad con-
fines of this grand and imperial state of
A poor man's horse is supposed to be one
that eats but little; but what is meant by a
good poor man's country is not so clear. The
Alvarado Bulletin puts it this way:
Johnson county is a good "poor man's
country." Wo do not mean by this that if a
man comes here poor ho will remain poor, but
rather that he may come here poor and with
industry and econotny soon acquire a home.
Tho soil of Johnson county when well tilled
will always pay labor a largo reward in return.
Don't waste time and money hunting an oasis
in life; it can not be found; but Johnson
county will come as near filling that apace as
any other section.
Tho Fort Worth Mall remarks:
Chilton's verbose apologies for retirement
from a contest to which probably he was urged
by injudicious friends more than by his own
personal ambition, is suggestive reading never-
theless for those who are opposed to machine
The Mail warns Texans that they must take
a back seat if Hill has the division of the
loaves and fishes.
Voting down of a resolution by the legisla-
ture inviting Mr. Hill to visit us was in bad
taste, beside being the worst sort of policy. It
is not the most improbable thing in the world
that this man may bo our next president. If
such is the ease you needn't expect him to lay
awake nights devising ways and means where-
by we may bo tho blessed of the earth. He
ain't built that way.
The Richmond South Texan aays:
The white democrats of Fort Bend county
would poll a majority of gubernatorial votes
for Clark, and wo are glad to 6ee that he is
developing so much strength.
The Alvin Sun says :
Eight now buildings being built in Alvin at
tho present time and contracts let for several
more — There will soon bo a large Dunkard
settlement around Alvin. Families are arriv-
ing almost daily and settling here The
shipment of strawberries has been going on
since the freeze. Saturday, the second day
after the freeze, thore were twenty-five cratcs
shipped. tOn the Monday following the
amount reached the nice figure of 127 crates,
and on Tuesday 145 crates were shipped. This
equalled the belt day before the freezew the
previous Tuesday. The shipments since then
have been light owing to the rainy weather.
The Brownwood Banner thinks:
Senator David B. Hill had better be at his
post in Washington, instead of skipping over
the country cultivating popularity. Governor
Hogg's message to the legislature is a pretty
fine piece of campaign literature. It is
pretty fine thing for Hogg too, that he had
friends enough in tho legislature to have 10,000
printed for free distribution at the expense of
It will depend on the result of the Novem-
ber elections whether Senator Mills shall find
his lot a happy one. [Philadelphia Public
* * *
Governor Hogg's antagonism to Mr. Mills'
senatorial aspirations was a groat fizzle. Sou-
ator eloct Mills now thinks ho can afford to eat
as good meat as can Speaker Crisp. [Cincin-
nati Commercial Gazette.
* * *
Representative Mills is happier probably
than if he had been elected speaker. IIo is
now Senator Mills, and as Texas is likely to
bo a democratic state for many years ho will
remain in tho senate probably as long as he
lives. [Savannah (Ga.) News.
# * #
Congressman^ Mills was yesterday elected a
United States senator from Texas by the unan-
imous vote of the legislature of that state.
This was a high compliment to pay tho dis
tinguishod Texan, but it was nothing moro
than he deserved. [New Orleans States,March
# * *
We congratulate the Texas statesman on his
being raised to the American peerage. We
congratulate the senate on so valuable an ac-
quisition as Mr. Mills certainly will prove to
be. Further, wo congratulate tho great state
of Texas on its wisdom in selecting a man so
eminently capable of representing her in so
responsible a position as the United States
senate. [Chicago Mail.
* * #
The unanimous vote of the democrats in tho
Texas legislature in favor of Roger Q. Mills
as senator from that state is a deserved tribute
to a deserving statesman. Texas has done
herself honor by sticking close and fast to her
distinguished citizen, and the whole country
may be congratulated upon the wisdom of her
choice. [Philadelphia Record.
♦ * *
Mr. Mills was elected United States senator
to fill tho unexpired term for which Mr. Rea-
gan, who resigned, was chosen. It will end in
March, 1893, but that Mills will then be re-
elected for a full term of six years hardly ad-
mits of a doubt. He will take his seat on re-
ceipt of his commission from Governor Hogg,
[Little Rock (Ark.) Gazette.
* * #
Roger Q. Mills was yesterday elected United
States senator by tho Texas legislature by a
practically unanimous vote, all tho other can-
didates having withdrawn. It was one of the
most significant and complete victories ever
won by a public man and attests in an unmis-
takable manner tho devotion of the great state
of Texas to the supreme issue of tariff reform
with which Mr. Mills is so thoroughly identi-
fied, as well as the people's resentment at his
treatment lh the organization of the present
house of representatives. [Louisville Courier-
Journal, March 23.
BEAUTIFUL SHELBY COUNTY.
A Veteran Forty-Five Years a Reader of
Shelby County, Tex.—To The News:
Shelby county is bounded on the east by tho
Sabine river, which is the eastern boundary
between Texas and Louisiana; on the north
by Panola county; on the west by Rusk and
Nacogdoches counties, and on the south by
San Augustine and Sabine counties. Sholby
is the best county in east Texas. Here is good
land, good water, good schools and churches
of all denominations, and a healthful climate.
There are more than 100 schools for whites
and thirty for colored people. There are
thirty miles of railroads and three flourishing
railroad towns. The county has a population
of more than 15,000 people, and has room for
30,000 more. We have good citizens here.
Unimproved lands are worth from $2 to $3
an acre; improved land from $3 to $10
an acre. Farms produce from twenty to
sixty bushels of corn an acre. 700 to 2500 pounds
seed cotton, 150 to 300 bushels of 6woet pota-
toes and line ribbon oane. sorghum,rice, small
grains, vegetables, apples, peaches, pears,
plums, figs and all kiuds of grapes. This Is
a fine nog country. Hogs fatten in tho woods,
and we do not have to fatten pork one year in
three. Cattle and horses do well in the sum-
mer, but some feed through the winter.
The country is heavily timbered with oak,
pine, hickory, elm, cedar, walnut, sweet gum,
black gum, ash, cypress, hackberry, maple,
beach, holly and bay.
I have been living in this county for moro
than fifty-tivo years; camo here in 1830. I
have been in 135 counties in this state, and
Shelby is tho best poor man's county which I
I soon will be 68 years of age. I was in the
Mexican war in 1847 and 1848 under Colonel
Jack Hays, Texas rangers. Was three years
in tho Third Texas cavalry, commanded by
Colonel E. Green, during the late war. I was
living in this county during the time of regu-
lating and moderating.
The Galveston News has been in the fam-
ily for forty-five years; you may put me down
ah a life subscriber. As to general news it
gives that more correctly than any paper
which I have ever seen} it is the bost in the
United States, and it has the proper name.
Success to The Galveston News and to Gal-
veston, the deep water seaport of Texas.
^ j. h. t.
A Farmer's Views on Silver.
A farmer in Horsoridge, Miss., writes to the
New York Evening Post as follows;
I am a farmer and do not know much about
politics, but I do see some serious flaws in the
Bland bill. The aim of "the friends of silver"
is to raiso the price of that metal by putting
government credit behind it. Now, my county
does not produce an ounce of silver, nor an
ounce of anything valuable in the mineral
line, and how i9 this county to be benefited
by a law which raises the price of something
we do not produce? If the price of silver is
advanced artificially will it not take more of
our timber, more pig, more corn and more
calves to got it? Are dollars to be made more
plentiful? How? I know of just one way to
jet dollars, and that is to find some man who
las dollars and who wants something that he
does not have more than he wants his dollars,
and who will give me his dollars for something
of mine which I prize less than I do his dol-
lars. In other words I trade my labor, my
pigs, my cotton and my cows for the dollars
of some man who needs labor, pigs, cotton
• coxva worse than he needs dollars.
Now, if two employers are after one laborer,
as in Montana, wages are high; if two laborers
are after ono "boss," as in some large citiewof
the east, wages are low. If two pigs are after
one dollar, pigs are low: if two dollars are
after one pig, pigs are nigh. If dollars of
whatever kind get so abundant that three or
four of them get after one pig, pigs will go
very high; and if dollars reach the point
where they are made by the million out of
silver, and copper, and tin, and represent
othing but themselves, pigs may bo expected
to hesitate before they will trade themselves off
for something as common as leaves in October,
and it will take a great many more "dollars''
to get one pig than it would take if the pig
had no question of their value. But these
extra "dollars" will do the man who sells the
pig no good, because the man who sells spool'
of thread and calico will want more of them
for his goods. This happens not because the
pigs and the calico are worth more, but be-
cause the "dollars" are worth less.
In conclusiou, how is any man to be bene-
fited by the raising of the price of something
which he does not own? I respectfully urge
that a far more popular measure will be the
passage of a law making nine eggs a dozen.
FARMERS POLITICAL VIEWS
Opinions ou tho Gubernatorial Race
the Tariff Expressed in Plain
Houkrsos, Tex.—To The Nkws: You
wish to know through the farmer his needs.
As every one in the 6tate is closely identified
with tho farmer, be he tradesman, professional
man or tiller of the soil, so none with the
needed intelligence are debarred from answer-
ing your query.
What does the fanner need? I say ho
needs free trade and the abolition of the pres-
ent system of internal revenue taxation. Un-
shackle trade and the farmer is all right.
This is a fact so potent that it needs no argu-
ment to prove it.
The condition of affairs in the cotton pro-
ducing states, financially, is fearful to contem-
plate, and, too, in face of the fact that these
states produced the largest cotton crop ever
made in their history. They produced more
cotton than over before—did the very thing
they wished to do—and yet are poorer than
they would have been had they produced but
half ns much. I say that a government with
tariff laws which render sufch a stato of affairs
possible is radically wrong. There is want in
the midst of plenty.
I go to the farmer and ask him if he is doing
as well as he wishes. His answer is, "no." I
ask him "why." "Overproduction," he
I go to the men who manufacture each and
every product that man can fashion to supply
his wants and ask them if trade is as good in
their lines as they could wish. What do they
say? Listen, you grumbling agriculturalists
who imagine that you and you alone own all
the wares. "We have moro to sell tliar. we
can sell; the market is glutted with our prod-
ucts." And they are looking to Mr. Blaine
with his great little reciprocity scheme to find
them a market in which to dump their prod-
ucts. It is a well known fact that our reci-
procity is discriminating. Tariff reform,"
hackneyed phrase as it is, is a back number.
Your political praters who are anxious for
anything on which to turn loose your wind,
can't you see that the tariff can not be re-
formed since the Ohio major's law was put
on the statutes? We shall have to get at the
root of things and tear the protective system
up, root and branch. Then will the American
merchantmen dot the ocean and the stars and
stripes will become the most familiar stand-
ard in every channel of commerce. We will
then resume tho place we quit in 18U0 to fight
each other and subsequently to prey upon
each other. Then will we become a formid-
able competitor of great free trade England,
and finally wrest from her tho trade of the
globe. Then will we cease to hear the cry
overproduction'' and then will the purchas-
ing power of agricultural products bo in the
same proportion as everything else.
0. L. Talliaferko.
No Protection for Farmers.
Watterson, Tex.—To The News: You
have shown your worth and patriotism by set-
ting apart one page of your valuable paper to
the farmers' use. This departure is worth a
great deal to them and should be appreciated.
They should take great pains to inform them-
selves of their advantage and investigate the
condition of circumstances and their own con-
dition, and not fly off at right angles.
I intended to write two letters a month, but
I saw so much difference in the farmers' views
that I was bluffed off.
One word to the farmers: Come, write
your views to The News, but do not look to
the government to send you a check each
month to buy your broad and meat, and every
six months a check to buy your clothing dnd
let you go a fishing!
You can not expect to get 60 or 80 or 100 per
cent protection tariff but on your month's
labor wages, or a bounty of 50 cents on each
bushel of corn or potatoes you raise. You do
not belong to the protection felass; you are of
the class that is to carry the burden. It is you
farmers who must pay the bounties, the tariffs
and all other bills. Look around and see
that you go to work ; write your views to Tue
News and got your neighbors to subscribe for
The News and keep yourselves and your
neighbors informed of what is going on. We
send class legislators to the state legislature
and they pass such laws as will make sol't
places for their friends and you pay the bills.
The News is doing moro for the farmers
than any other paper, and when Galveston
gets deep water (and that will be soon), that
city will command the trade of a larger terri-
tory than most harbors, and the improvements
and growth of Texas will exceed moat of the
The News men have been taking some in-
terest in how the governor's vote is going next
election. Governor Hogg got the vote of this
county two years ago, but look at his stand in tho
murder of Miss Belle Moore! When the citizens
rose on masse to arrest whoever did the mur-
der he offered $1000 for each of tho citizens,
calling them a mob; but nothing was done to
protect the innocent girl. He will get very
l ow votes in this section. If we can not get
protection from murderers and be allowed to
defend the innocent we don't wish a governor.
C. C. Watterson.
Not Gunning for a Mouse.
Mansfield, Tex.—To The News: In a re-
cent letter I said I was for Hogg for Gover-
nor, but now I don't know so much about
that. If Hogg wants to be re-elected he had
better shut up tho mouth of that crank at
Tyler, for I will not support a man who will
allow such abusive language to be used in his
behalf as was used in that Tyler speech. As
for the subtreasuryitos being "skunks," a
motley crew" and "little, mean, stinking,
contemptible isms," I wish to state right here
that I am an advocate of thesubtreasury plan,
but I want to support Hogg. Why? .Because
ho has fulfilled every promise which ho mado
to the people. I am a farmer who believes
that if ho has a good cow, keep her: but if tho
good cow kicks over the pailful of milk, get
rid of her. And I shall get rid of the "good
cow" if Hogg allows such cranks to speak for
him as the one who spoke at Tyler.
I suppose that this letter will be criticized,
but that is all right. Let me assure you that
" have never taken my gun to shoot a mouse
with. G. W. Guzzle.
Clark Is an Ohl Gag.
Dime Box, Tex.—To The News: The cold
snap has stopped farmers from planting so
early; some corn has been killed and some
cotton has been planted. The acreage will be
decreased from 20 to 25 per cent. Oats, castor
beans, millet and wheat are taking the place
Politics are beginning to warm up. We
want more Hogg and bigger ones and less
Clark. Clark is an old gag with the people.
We want more Hogg and commission, and we
are going to have it. Wo want better public
roads, better schools and churches. Now, I
don't believe as some farmers do, that
the road taw should read "ten days" instead
of five, for those ten-day advocates are men
who want to travel tho road 305 days in the
year, but they do not even work five days or
give 1 cent for the betterment of the roads. It
would be more like justice for the public
roads to be worked by taxation, and then the
man who uses the roads the most would con-
tribute the most to the roads. There are men
here in Lee county who are worth from $5000
to $10,000, and who don't pay 1 cent toward
keeping up the roads, but they don't fail to
curse tne hands and overseer.
H. C. Sproles.
Don't Vote Too Soon.
To The News : On the political situation is
the proper thing to commence voting now?
If it is, I am badly behind the times, for I was
expecting, in order to be fully informed, to
read The News some seven months yet before
rendering a verdict in the case. When Grover
Cleveland was interrogated in regard to free
coinage, he said: "Let us not cross that bridge
till we get to it."
We hear a great deal of complaint against,
and cursing of, machine and ring politics; are
not machine politics very largely manfactured
out of too previous voting? Let us wait and
Bee if the Hon. George Clark salts our Hogg
down so he will keep all summer; may be the
"old Berkshire" will thrust a tusk into the
Hon. George's bubble and let the gas out and
then ho will collapso.
Lot us go Blow, for they may show each
other up until an honest man will bo ashamed
to vote for either one; or they may make a
Kilkenny <-at affair of it and nothing will be
left to either; in which ease Hon. A. W. Ter-
rell may be called upon to guide the ship of
state through tho dangerous breakers.
Perhaps, in consideration of the terrible
agricultural depression, Hon. O. M. Roberts
m ight be called ou to doctor the old hayseeds
with a little yarb tea and exercise his large
hearted clemency toward some poor devil who
ought to have been hung. Time was when an
honest man could go to the polls and cast a
vote for the good of his country. Take Clove-
land's advice; Road The News closoly, but
don't vote till November. D. C. Hqod.
On account of crowded columns due to
the special session of the legislature and the
warm and important stato and national cam-
paigns, it is impossible for The News to ac-
commodate any political letters except those
that are short and pointed, courteous and
clear. There is no room now for threshing
over old straw. The News and its readers
welcome new ideas; all proper communica-
cations will be carefully considered. Another
thing: The public wants to know .who i3
talking. Therefore, letters signed with tho
real name of the author have more weight
than those unsigned. Furthermore it must be
understood that no attacks on personal charac-
ter can be permitted, even though the writers
thereof may be financially and morally respon-
sible ten times over. Therefore please do not
consume the time of busy editors with that class
of matter. Finally: Strive to be brief. Five
hundred words will make a third of a column
in The News and that many well selected
words will tell a great deal.
THE CASTOR BEAN CROP.
HOW TO PLANT AND HOW TO CUL-
Fifteen Bushels an Acre a Good Yield.
Will This Orop Displace Ootton
to Any Extent?
TOBAOOO IN TEXAS.
The Amount Produced and What It Pays
Fowler, Tex. — To The News: I
have noticed of late a great deal of writing
about the diversification of crops, and as I am
a farmer I wish to speak a few words on that
lino to the farmers of this great state.
For the last three years I have been plant-
ing and raising my own tobacco, and it can
bo raised in as easy a manner as anything
else when ono understands it and is prepared
to cure it. Last year I only planted 200 hills;
on the 200 hills I mado fifty pounds of leaf to-
bacco which was just as good as I ever saw
raised back in the old tobacco states, and I
never had any barn to cure it in as they do in
Tobacco should never bo planted after cotton
or corn, as it fires after either. It should bo
planted on new land, or after small grain.
Yoar before last I made two crops; I planted
the first plants tho 1st of Juno and cut a crop
off in August, and then 1 left tho bottom or
bost suckers, from which I got another good
crop. I can raise from 800 to 1200 pounds per
acre and can sell it at from 10 to 25 cents per
pound. A. E. Bryant.
Mr. Bryant: Tell The News how you plant,
cultivate and cure your tobacco, and the kiuds
you grow.—The News.
Catching Fugitive Slaves.
St Louis Republic.
Under the Russian treaty, now pending in
the United States senate, the Russian go vein-
asks the American people to hunt down and
deliver to Russian "justice" all fugitives
charged with attempting the life of the czar
and such like capital crimes.
It is held by supporters of the administra-
tion that this should be done in view of
"possible complications with England."
"Strong arguments were made," says an
Associated press dispatch, "to show that it
should be passed as it stands, at least from
international considaration3. It was urged
that it would be foolhardy for the United
States to impair the strength of ties of friend-
ship and interest which now bind together the
United States and Russia, aud thus lose the
moral and perhaps the physical support of
ono of the first military powers in tho world
at a time when diplomatic complications exist
in the relations of the United States and Great
Britain which might, in certain contingencies,
result in actual war.
This argument is not new, but it is no moro
valid now than it has always been. The life
or death of the czar or of any other foreign
oppressor at the hands of those he oppresses
is not our affair. It is not our business to pay
taxes to hunt down the fugitive slaves of Rus-
sia. Wo may not care to say with Oliver
Cromwell and his regicides as Jefferson said
with them that resistance to a tyrant is obe-
dience to God. Wo know little or nothing of
Russian affairs, and we are not entitled to in-
terfere as a providence in them. We only
know that there is an issue between the worst
tyrant and tho most cruelly oppressed people
of Europe. Lot it settle itself.
We want no alliance with the White Czar
oxcept such as is required by ordinary diplo-
matic politeness, and politeness does not re-
quire us to hunt down his slaves to be knouted
to death or sent to a worse fate in the mines
of Siberia. _
Cotton and Corn in Texas.
Orange Judd Farmer.
It is a cold day in Texas when overy knot of
idlers, every member of the many "conven-
tions" in the stato, and even each group of
ladies does not discuss the relative values of
cotton and corn, and passing to other staples
review each one, closing with some allusion to
peanuts and pecans. Out of this discussion
the people have been educated along the right
lines. The result has induced^ many farmers
to examine the question before finally decid-
ing which is the more valuable product, and
to question their mistaken adherence to ono
idea—cotton growing—and perhaps their
wrong methods of growing it. If, after care-
ful study and attention, ono concludes that
cotton is the more profitable, 'he is led to im-
prove its quality, and finds that to produce
this superior article he must have improved
machinery. If, on the other hand, he sees that
overproduction of cotton is a great evil, while
he still cultivates largely the crop suited to
his soil and experience, he develops into a well
informed farmer. This attempt on the part of
fanners to overcome onosidedness and long
attachment to cotton can not fail to bring a
new impetus to agricultural interests in Texas.
Coming to the front in the southwest is the
culture of the pecan. A gentleman residing
in southern Missouri writes as follows: t4Nino
years ago I planted a pecan orchard of 150
acres of the best bottom land on the farm.
In five years they were twelve feet high and
bearing about a hatful to the tree. Since then
tho yield has rapidly increased, the work is
light, and the sale of the nuts is very pro-
Why Hens Do Not Lay.
Farm and Firessde.
We are often asked why the hens that are in
perfect health and well fed do not lay. The
reason is that, in a majority of cases, the hens
are too well fed. They are kept up to a fat
condition, fed perhaps three times a day, and
their reproductive organs deranged. When
the hens have giddiness, suddenly die, have
soft livers when exaininea after death, and are
very fat, the indications are that they do not
have sufficient exercise and are fed too liber-
ally fox profit
Talfa, Tex.—-To The News: I have noticed
in tho columns of The News for sometime
past that thore has been much advice given in
the way of encouraging tho culture of castor
beans, and in all cases it is regarded a very
profitable product. I am inclined to think
that the parties thus advising know but little
about castor beans (or else they know all
about them), and just want to advise others to
do something which they know not to be pro-
fitable. We know that some peoples' advice
is generally given in that way.
My advice to tho Texas farmers iB that if
they want to quit raising 5-cent cotton and go
to doing something worse, just pull in on
castor beans. In the first place, a man has
but little knowledge of the trouble in handling
this crop unless he has had personal
experience, and, as the nigger says: "I
have ben rite dar," for I have spent
many ai day in the castor bean patch. The
beau should be planted as early in tho spring
as to be out of danger of frost, and should be
planted about as the average farmer plants
corn—about three feet apart in rows, one and
two stalks to the hill; if on rich soil, one
stalk to tho hill. They should be worked fully
as often as corn. The nature of this plant is
comparatively the same as cotton. It begins
blooming early in the season and continues un-
til chocked by the frost. The beans com-
mence to ripen very early and continue until a
frost kills them. To prevent waste, the crop
should be gathered every two or three weeks.
Tho worst part of castor boan culture is pre-
paring the yards and handling the beans after
they are gathered.
As to the yield of beans, my experience dif-
fers from that as set forth by W. A. Bowen of
San Antonio. Based upon the distance apart
of tho plants as he gives it, I can not raiso
more than 183^ bushels per acre. I will state
that a man who raises castor beans is doing a
cash business when he gets 15 bushelq an
acre. One dollar to $1 50 may be expected,
owing to the quality of the beans.
John B. McElroy, in the Hallettsville Her-
ald, says: As the castor bean seems to be at-
tracting a good deal of attention from farm-
ers I will give them what I know of them, and
they can act as they see fit—decide whether
there is any money in it for them. Mr. Wil-
liam A. Bowen, secretary commercial ex-
change, San Antonio, Tex., makes a big
"bonanza" (on paper—that's where he farms),
tells all about them—cultivation, gathering,
cleaning, etc.—a good deal impracticable and
some impossible. I know they produce more
beans planted thickly in drills (about
twice as many beans to the acre as
you leave cotton) than when allowed
four to six foot space, ono stalk in the
hill. If allowed that space they will on any
ordinary lands in this county, grow from six
to ten foot high in one season, and as stalks
often live two years and over here, Mr. Bowen
fails to say how we are to manage those big
roots left in the soil. I have stumps left from
last year that are living now that I could not
plow up with a seventy-pound stub plow with
a pair of good mulefe. If left only six or eight
inches apart in the drill they will be so small
that a heavy plow will turn them out as read-
ily as cotton Btalks. As to one stalk pro-
ducing from one to three pecks of beans,
that is too utterly ridiculous, entirely
too fishy, it's iiko tho old woman's lye
soap—very little soap in it. Thus you
see how paper crops do grow. Years ago
my father raised a crop of 400 bushels of cas-
tor beans and other neighbors raised some in
the 6amo vicinity. The lands produced on an
average one-half as many bushels of beans as
it did corn, and this is a safe rule to calculate
by. Poor land is the best for them and will
make more beans per acre than the rich and
will make clearer oil when refined, I suppose
on the came principle that sugarcane grown
on light land makes brighter molasses than
that grown on heavy land will, showing that
light land is the bost adaptod to their growth.
Any thresher that wiil thresh small grain will
clean them readily. Any good fan will sepa-
rate them and the hulls.
There is no danger of killing stock; they
won't eat them. They need not be inclosed
for cultivation; stock dislike it when growing.
Needs no cultivation except planting and one
plowing. Won't disturb rats; they will make
beds in them and raiso their young. About as
good to drive out cotton moths a« any othor
weed, as the moth never feeds on any of
them. In conclusion I have this to say: For
any considerable number of farmers to raise
castor beans is absurd, because there is only a
limited demanc\. Notice the cheapness of
refined castor oil. Ono crop of beans would
glut the market, and that awful word "over-
production" would hit you between the eyes.
It is unfit for machinery. I know from ex-
perience it gums too badly and gets intensely
hard. Then the cheapness of mineral oils will
always keep vegetable oils out of general use.
Make Castor Beans Like Corn.
I see in The News a lot of talk on castor
bean culture. You make them just as youdo
corn, and the yield runs trom ten to twenty-
five bushels per acre. Work the ground as
for corn and plant as for corn.
_ J. F. Redding,
ALFALFA IS KING.
A Crop Can Be Gathered Five Times a
Pecos City, Tex.—To The News: We havo
given King Cotton a black eye hereabouts, and
we will give Governor Hogg a black eye, too.
We have abandoned cotton and will supersede
it with King Alfalfa, which yields enormously
when irrigated; it always can be depended
on to fetch remunerative prices.
Alfalfa heads tho list for pasturage, espec-
ially when it can be watered during the dry,
hot season. Stock can bo raised on it at a
greater profit than on any other feed. Alfalfa
grows from fifteen to thirty-six inches high,
and hero we cut it five and six times a year
when not pastured.
six tons per acre
is an average yield, and the market prioe in
Pecos City is from $15 to $20 a ton. It re-
mains green all winter, and in mid-winter
makes some growth. It makes a first class
hay and is always in good demand throughout
this broad stock country. Its cultivation is
confined to localities where irrigation is prac-
ticable, and our dry, sunny days admit of
hay of the finest green color,
without losses occasioned by wet weather. *
The Beeds are sown any time from May to
October, after thoroughly preparing tho land.
Once a good stand is secured, there is no need
of seeding again in a dozen years. There are
thousands of irrigablo lands in this section
well adapted to the growth of alfalfa.
Land under alfalfa steadily improves and
the best results aro had from feeding hogs,
sheep, cattle, fine horses and poultry on it.
Milch cows give larger quantities of rich milk
when fed on alfalfa.
Farmers who would improve their condi-
tions and be independent of cotton,can not do
better than consider the alfalfa question in
connection with stock. I have had ten years
experience growing alfalfa, and I am ready to
answer questions on the subject.
W. P. Moss.
A gentleman in New York has reoently
tested tho result of preserving a turkey in a
refrigerator for ten years, eays the Boston
Medical and Surgical Journal. This time
having elapsed the fowl was removed from
the refrigerator, and after being properly
cooked was eaten by a party of gentlemen.
While putrefactive changes seem to have been
entirely absent, it was found that the moil
was practically tasteless.
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The Galveston Daily News. (Galveston, Tex.), Vol. 51, No. 4, Ed. 1 Monday, March 28, 1892, newspaper, March 28, 1892; Galveston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth469134/m1/4/?q=GRANITE%20SHOALS: accessed April 7, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.