The Temple Daily Telegram (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 46, Ed. 1 Monday, January 5, 1914 Page: 1 of 8
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1HT PAGES TODAY
TEMPLE, TEXAS. MONDAY MORNING, JANUARY 5,
(Governor Colquitt Says Na-
tion Sfiould Intervene or
OWES WORLD MOVE
Govcrnmrnt In Neglecting Its I Hits by
Allowing Butchery and Uih*W-
Uiml War pin- to Couthtp* ;
AUSTIN, Jan.-*—Before leaving to-
night for Brownsville white Here He
goes on a pleasure trip. Governor Col-
quitt, discussing the'Mexican situation
said he was convinced "that thtv U. 8.
government is neglecting its duty to
the world In permitting the continu-
ance of the butchery and uncivilized
warfare that ia now in progress In
Mexico," He made the prediction that
since President Wilton has seen fit to
Involve this government in the present
affairs of the republic to thd south of
Jtio Grande/ he mU'H.gp forward ultl-
TO TURKEY TROT
Cardinal Jobs Farley.
Sea Gives Up Bpdy of Jessi
Atlantic City, and Other
Eastern Cities Suffer
VESSELS IN DANGER
Wlrckw Tells of Steamer Manuel
Calvo Bringing in Disbaled Ves-
set—-hom of Life
mately by intervention, or "we must j Cardinal John
back squarely down nad out of the: many Catholic
The governor said;
"Under the Monroe doctrine, the
United States owes to the world a
moral obligation in dealing with (men-
tions affecting Mexico. Mexico has
been In a state 6t revolution now fori
over'three years. I .Ives of foreigners |
have iMen ruthlessly taken; their
property confiscated, pillaged and
.burned, and American as well as Mex-
ican women outraged.
"From my point of view, it matter#
Mfj whether Huerta. Carranza, Villa
• tjr soifiT1 other Mexican becomes presi-
dent. Conditions are such that revo-
lution and anarchy will continue. Af-
ter looking diligently after the protec-
tion of Texas along the 900 mites ot
Mexican border for three years, I am
convinced that the U. 8. government
Is neglecting its duty to the wortd in
permitting the continuance of the
butchery and uncivilised warfare that
is now in progress .In Mexico.
Reiterate* His Opinion. , .
"I reiterate the opinion w h!< h I
have many times expressed:
"Mad a firm policy been adopted
some time ago, with notice to the Mex-
icans that they must themselves re-
store order within a certain time, or
submit "Tiijf the restoration of order by
the U. 8.. practical peace would long
*go have been rastored in tlie uahap-
py republic south of us.
"W« may say what we will, but the
president having taken a hand In
Mexican politics, and involving the
government In the controversy must
go forward ultimately by intervention,
or we must back squarely down and
out of the. controversy.
"So far as the race prejudice is
concerned, the meddling with Mexican
politics has really engendered as much
feeling as actual intervention would
NEW YORK, Jan. 4.—-R cent, de-
nunciation of the modern dances, such
as the turkey trot and the tango, by
Farley have caused
societies to cancel
their annual halls, which were among
the most brilliant affairs of the New
York winter season. It is believed
that the manner of crusade will prove
effective in discouraging the craze fur
the syncopating glides.
IS FARM TENANTS
More Than Half of Texas Farms are
Run by Renters, Educator
produce. ■ '
"I am not an alarmist, but have had
to deal with an actual situation, more
or less difficult and perplexing on ac-
count of over 900 mile® of frontier on
"It will be exceedingly unfortunate
If present conditions in Mexico are to
continue until a presidential campa'S"
in the United States forces the Mexi-
can question into Anierican politics,
when the American people thoroughly _
understand the situation in Mexico, as
I believe I know them fo exist, they
will demand the ex'ercise of the au-
thority asserted when the Monroe doc-
trine, and demand that steps be taken
to pacify conditions and restore or-
der, and protect the live# and prop-
erty In the Mexican republic."
IRON MASK MAKES RECORD.
Beats Fanzarela at Juarez Tracks In
Six Furlongs Race.
El Paso, Jan. 4.-—A new world's
record for six furlongs, 1:09 3-5, was
made by Iron Mask at the Juarez
tracks today when h«f beat Panzareta
In a match race. The horse held the
former world's record of 1:10 4-5 for
the same distance.
Brownwood ia Growing.
Brownwood, Tex., Jan. 4.—That
Brdwnwood is enjoying a remarkable
growth is apparent by the fact that
the local telephone company has In-
stalled mote than ope hundred new
phones within the past three months.
The Influx of new people to Brown-
wood has been so steady that there Is
not a vacant dwelling in the city al-
though many new houses have been
built during the last two months.
StoMlpg Meet to Detroit,
Detroit. Mich., Jan. 4.—Detroit has
been Mvrirflgd the worM's amateur
and professional roller skating cham-
pionship "meet to be held here March
^12 to 25 inclusive.
NOTICE TO SUBSCRIBERS ♦
If you do not receive your ♦
fcpelegram before 7:30 a. m. each ♦
ay, call the office over either. ♦
and register a com- ♦
AUm.y Jan. 4.—"Texas is eon-
fronted with a grave situation with
respect to the rural population and
land ownership," said F. M. Bralley,
former state superintendent of pub-
lic instruction, and head of the bureau
of extension of the University of
'In 1910, 77.7 per cent of our popu-
lation was strictly rural, while in 1910
only 69-3 per cent was rural, indi-
cating conclusively that there is a
drift of the population in Texas from
the country to the towns and the
cities. During the period from 1900
to 1910, the population of the state
Increased 27.8 per cent, while the
rural population of forty two of the
large, wealthy counties of the state
decreased, the decrease ranging from
,1.1 to 27.7 per cent. Among the rich
agricultural counties in which the pop-
ulation decreased might be mentioned
Lamar. Grayson, Fannin, Cooke.-Hunt,
Bell, Johnson Washington, Robert-
son and others. This unmistakable
represents an unwholesome condition.
Half of Farms Rented.
"There are 417,770 farms in the
state, but 219,575 of them, or 52.6
per cent, are operated by tenants. Mr.
Carver, in charge of the rural or-
ganization service of the United States
department of agriculture, has well
said: 'Next to war. pestilence and
famine, the worst thing that can hap-
pen to a rural community is absentee
landlordism," In the state at large, a
majority of the farmers are homeless,
that is, they .are renters. In Fannin
county 67 per cent;, in Hunt 67.5 per
cent; in Collin 68.8, in Ellis 69 per
cent. Farm tenancy is on the steady
increase and conditions at present Jus-
tify the statement that unless there
is a reorganization of the factors of
our rural civilization for betterment,
tenancy will continue to increase. One
third of the farms now operated by
ojyriers are mortgaged for more than
one-fourth of their value. People who
are' tenants are disposed to invest
time, money and labor Jn the improve-
ment of country roads, in the build-
ing of good schools, in establishing
the country church on a firmer basis,
And in organizing the serial forces
of the community in improving the
Home, Church and School.
"It is my opinion that the country
home h£s not received that considera-
tion which its importance In our civi-
lization requires. The three most im-
portant institutions in our civilization
are the home, the church and the
school- ■ •'
"The destiny of the state of Texas
is in the hands of the people who re-
side in the open country, because they
■constitute approximately 70 per cent
of our population. '?hey produce 85
per cent of the wealth of Texas; but
their educational facilities are ex-
ceedingly deficient. -There are 8500
country schools in Texas,'and 6,000 of
them are one-teacher schools. More
than 2,000 of them run less than five
months each year, and more than 300
run less than three months each year,
and the- average term of all of the
ATLANTIC CITY, N. J., Jan. 3
Damage to property estimated at
$250,000 was wrought in a few hours
along the front of Abzecon Island
which includes Atlantic City, Ventnor,
Margate City and I.ongport by a high
tide dctompanicd by a forty-mile gale
There was apprehension for a time
as the ocean crept up to the streets of
Atlantic C.ltj% wrecking the center of
Longport, at the Issia^^J of the
island was the won
small hospital for *■
unoccdpied at present, "toi_
the water. The Pigeon hotel near
Longport was undermined and toppled
over in the -«and.
A change in the direction of the
wind from northeast to northwest
saved Abseeon Island from further
damage by the storm that has gripped
this section of the coast for 36 hours.
The gale still prevails but is blowing
Damage to several piers, breaking
of bulkheads and the flooding of cot-
tages and pavilions caused an esti-
mated loss in this city of 135,000.
A half mile stretch of unimproved
beach at Longport, at the southern
end of the island, disappeared during
last night and the streets were filled
with water until after daylight.
Vessel Is Damaged.
New York, Jan. 4.—A wireless mes-
sage received here tonight by the
ag^pts otgfifce Compania Trans-Atlan-
tic said that the steamer Manuel
Calvo of that line was on her way hi to
port towing a disabled tank steamer
when at a point 15 miles east Of
Sandy Hook the tank steamer sank.
The Manuel Calvo lost one life boat,
the dispatch said.
There was no mention of any loss
of lives nor the name of t^e tank
Loss of j
Mexican Soldiers Burn Their i>eai
Altbo Some Say Rebels' Bodies
*-• Being Burned—
man Is Hanged, re)
a "vfLTj A 1 Itnu uic tivertigo ir-i lit ui >u ui uic
Arrangements nave been ♦ c01jntry schools of the state is scarce-
keep a boy for the sole • ... m-nnth.
S< "Forty-six Children of every 100
in some man- ♦, s(.hola,Uc age residing in the rural
districts are absent every day the'
schools are In session. Approximate-
ly 7S.0Q0 children of scholastic ago in
the rural districts do not matriculate
annually In the public schools, and
more than 300,000 children of scho-
lastic age in the rural distrlsct are
absent every day the schools are in
ion. Less than one-third of the
country population is accessible to
1 high schools, and of cvefy 100
silvering paperu to ♦;
iieir usual morning ♦
The minute your ♦,
in the boy, ♦
for your ♦
Wasca Is Sinking.
Newport, R. I., Jan. 4—The steamer
Wasca was reported tonight in a sink-
ing condition south of Nantucket' with
the steamer Manuel Talero standing
by, but full of water and unable to
The revenue cutter Seneca which
was in this harbor, has started to the
The position of the vessels was
given as latitude 39.36 north, longi-
tude 73.24 west.
A message received from the Nan-
tucket south stioals light ship said
the sea was running high and that an
east northeast gale was blowing, ac-
companied by hypfy rain.
Unknowt 'Boat in Distress.
Washington, Jan. 4.—News that an
unknown steamer was in distress off
Cape May today caused the revenue
cutter service to order the cutter On-
andaga out from Norfolk to investi-
gate. No details as to the situation
of the steamer are known.
YALE WINS AT CHESS.
Blue Team Takes "Big Four" Inter-
New York, Jan. 4,—Yale today won
the "Big Four" intercollegiate chess
championship defeating Columbia in
the play-off made necessary by the
tie resulting between the two universi-
ties in the 22nd tournament of the
quadrangle chess tournament before
Christmas. The final scores were Yale
5* and Columbia 2*.
This Is the first time since 1901
that Yaie has won a chess champion-
NEW YORK, Jan. 4.—'The body of
Miss Jessie E. McCann, the young
settlement worker who disappeared
from her Brooklyn home a month ago,
was given up by the sea today. It
was found by a watchman • shortly
after daybreak at Coney Island, hav-
ing been washed ashore by the heavy
surf duripg last night's storm.
Long immersion had made the
features unrecognizable but ldentlfi-
Senator Borah Reports that Martial
Law Should Never Have Been
WASHINGTON, Jan. 4.—A severe
arraignment of the authorities who
administered martial law in West Vir-
ginia from September 1912 to June,
1913, when the Cabin Creek and Paint
Creek coal mine Strike troubles were
in progress, Is contained in a sub-
committee report made public to-
night. by Senator Borah, member of
the senate committee that conducted
an investigation ipto all phases of
tfce West Virginia disturbances.
The report does not bear the formal
endorsement of the senate committee
but was given out as the "statement
of facts" prepared by Senator Borah
as the member charged with prepar-
ing that section of the report bear-
ing on court martial trials and alleg-
ed violations of law.by military courts.
Senator Borah's statement holds that
the military authorities acting under
the direction of the government super-
seeded all constitutionalist courts of
West Virginia sad Imposed sentences
not authorized by any standing laws
and took over all the duties of the civil
courts of the district; and that at the
time such martial law was being en-
forced there was no evidence that the
civil courts had been intimidated or
that they would have failed to per-
from their duties faithfully.
The complete report of the investi-
gating committee has not been pre-
pared. Each member of the com-
mittee, which included Senators Swan-
son .Shields. Martine, Borah and Ken-
yon, was charged with the prepara-
tion of a portion of the report, as fol-
"That these parties were arrested
upon orders issued by the military
authorities and not by virtue of any
warrant issued by the civil authori-
ties from the established courts of
the state, and were put on trial with-
out the finding of any indictment by
the grand Jury before a court mar-
tial created by the order of the com-
mander in chief and composed of in-
dividuals selected by him.
"That the charges made against
these parties thus put upon trial were
In theMiature of specifications drawn
UP and presented by the military au-
thorities and upon these they were
put on trial before said court martial
without a Jury.
"That no threats of violence or use
of force was made or had against the
Judges or the courts at any time dur-
ing the existence of the disturbance
or reign of martial law.
"That great feeling and interest
doubtless prevailed generally through-
out the country, but the existence of
this feeling and Its effect on the grand
and petit Juries were not tested by
calling of a grand Jury or the
mltting of the charges against
persons to a grand Jury and no
empt was made to tTy them before
cation of the young woman by her
family was made possible by a signet
ring with the initials "J, E. M." and
by articles of clothing Miss McCann
wore the day she disappeared.
Miss McCann was last seen by her
family when she left her home De-
cember 4, supposedly to attend to set-
tlement work duties. A few days
later her father, a well to do business
man, notified the police of her dis-
appearance and offered $1,000 reward
for information as to her whereabouts.
LOSS OF MILLIONS ♦
♦ DUE TO SWINDLERS ♦
♦ Washington, Jan. 4.—Loss of ♦
♦ $129,000,000 in two yt-ars by the ♦
♦ unsuspecting public through ♦
♦ swindling operations carried on ♦
♦ by us? of the United.States mails, ♦
♦ has stirred the postal authorities ♦
♦ to a drastic campaign against ♦
♦ fraudulent schemes. ♦
♦ Wholesale use of the govern- ♦
♦•ment's right to deny the mailing ♦
♦ privilege to persons or .firms ♦
♦ whose operations may be tainted ♦
♦ with "get rich quick" and other ♦
♦ promises is the wqppon to be em- *>
♦ played. ♦
on of martial
petit Jury—the o
after the d
t .the feelin
FOUR KILLED IN
♦ STREET CAR
Forced to Leave
He also had her photograph thrown on
screens of moving picture theatres
throughout the East.
The police today, gave credence to
the story of a woman who asserted
that she saw Miss McCann the day
titer her disappearance near a bath-
ing pavillion on Coney Island, where
the body was found. There were no
signs of violence on the body, accord-
ing to physicians who examined it and
the police have no clue as to the man-
ner in which she was drowned.
OF METAL MINERS
IN MICHIGAN NEXT
Western Federation of Miners to De-
cide on Strike in Meeting at
Lansing January 12.
TRINIDAD, Colo., Jan. 4—"Mother"
Mary Jones, prominent labor leader,
was deported from Trinidad by citi-
She was met at the train on her ar-
rival and in the presence of members
of the state militia was ordered to
board the train again and continue
traveling until out of the strike dis-
trict. It is believed she went to Den-
Denver, Jan. 4.—Governor Ammons
tonight ordered a company of infantry
from Trinidad into the north section
of the coal fields here yesterday
much excitement was created through
the deportation of seven strike lead-
ers by members of the tax payers
leagues. Conditions at Oak Creek
and Steamboat Springs were reported
Three Die, Two
Hurt When Store
SOUTH BBND, Ind., Jan. 4.—Three
men were killed, two seriously injur-
ed and several persons on the streets
had narrow escapes when a four-
story building collapsed here late to-
day. The building'had been remodel-
ed and the removal of the center wall
is thought to have caused the crash.
The dead are Wilbur Churchill, Del-
bert Hfbbord and Ling Hong, employe
of a Chinese restaurant on the second
floor of the building. Theo. Metzler
and Ling Ming, proprietors of the
restaurant, were badly hurt-
Most of the workmen employed In
the building were in the basement
and they escaped injury, the first
floor withstanding the collapse. Fire-
men late tonight wer6 searching
through the ruins for more bodies.
CHICAGO, Jan. 4.-—Whether a gen-
eral strike of all metal miners in
Micijlgajn will be called to, aid the
strike of the Western Federation of
Miners In Houghton county will be
decided at a meeting of the Michigan
Federation of Labor to be held at
Lansing, Michigan, on or about Janu-
Unless unforeseen conditions arise
no action on the calling of a gen-
eral strike will be considered before
that time, according to Chas. H. Moy-
er, president of the Western Federa-
tion of Miners who Is in a Chicago
hospital recovering from Injuries re-
ceived when he »as deported from
Hancock, Mich., Dec. 26.
Should the Michigan Federation de-
cide a general strike is necessary the
executive council of the American
Federation of Labor will be requested
to Issue the call. The Iron miners al-
ready have endorsed the strike in
Houghton county and have signified
their willingness to Join in a sympa-
Complete reports of the failure yes-
terday of the efforts of John B. Dens-
more of the department of labor to
bring about a settlement of the cop-
per miners' strike were received by
Moyer today with another declaration
that there can be no settlement of the
strike unless the union is recognised.
Recognition of the union Is said to
have been the stumbling block in the
deliberations begun by Solicitor Dens-
To Prolong the Struggle.
Houghton, Mich., Jan. 4.—Negotia-
tions for the settlement of the cop-
per miners' strike having failed, both
sides to the controversy tonight began
to lay plans for prolongation Ot the
Governor Ferris tonight decided to
make a personal inspection of condi-
tions in the copper region while John
B. Densmore, solicitor for the depart-
ment of labor, started back to WSash-
ington with regret at his failure to
bring about a settlement.
Great interest was aroused in ths
upper peninsula tonight by the an-
nouncement that the government was
coming to take a hand in the situa-
tion at close quarters- He has re-
sented federal action "in affairs that
concern the state only," according to
Meetings were held by the strikers
at Calumet and Hancock today but
no definite action was taken.
LAREDO, Tex., Jan. 4.—Sqnd
the Nuevo Laredo battlefled ,
day of- labor instead of rest, nc-'1-1 '
standing the rout /of the e<gncl ,
tionalists. The rerfls encair"1""^
tween thirty andg thirty-^'
down the river u#iparlng tt
the attack agaMrt the citv,
federals workj^p to stren?
The act.u(loss of life
Both sides id
S~nd' Ian equal
Federal forces were busy todJ
throwing up earthen breastworks
points outside the city limits heya
where the two days' battling to
place, this with the evident Intent
of forcing any future engagement^
a point distant from the city pro
Several large fires Friday nf
gave rise to statements that
forces incinerated their dead.
person who claimed to have vls^
the battlefield stated this was don#
placing layers of wood, saturated v"
kerosene, then a layer of bodtes, ai?v
saturated wood and bodies, the wh>
being covered with wood and coal ar:
the bodies consumed. On the othl?
hand this was denied. It was believ
ed by some th%t,the incinerp&ui J>pdte
were those of rebdlsh '
Two Anton Demolished.
During the rebel assault In
deavor to gain entrance two auto
biles were utilized to deliver ammurl
tlon. Both were struck by fedeq
cannon balls and demolished.
-A rebel skiff man while attempt! nj
to smuggle ammunition from thi
American side having evaded the bor
der patrol, was captured by a con
cealed federal force upon landing oi
the Mexican side, his skill was broken
ammunition seized and the skiffmar
hanged to a tree.
The U. S. immigration officials ha-'<
their embarrassments as a result oi
the battles in Nuevo Laredo. Or
Thursday prior to opening of hostili-
ties, thirty Syrians who had been re-
siding on the Mexican side being un-
able to enter the U. S. owing to tra-
coma, a contagious eye disease, wer<
from humanitarina motives given re-
fuge in the immigration buildings or
the American stde. Effort was rnadt
to return them yesterday and agalr
today but the Mexican government
authorities would not permit them tc
enter, excluding them on the eamt
grounds as the U. S. authorities.
Twelve thousand rounds of amnui'
nltion said to have been destined foi
'the constitutionalists was seized in th<
railroad yards today. Three men It
the vicinity of the car were taken lnt<
custody but as they could not be con-
nected with the shipment were imme-
diately released. The ownerless am-
munition is in the possession of th<
U. S. deputy , marshal.
150 Rebels Wounded.
At least one hundred and fiftj
severely wounded and destitute con
stitutionalist soldiers are being carec
for in temporary emergency hospitals
in this city while it is reported thai
many are housed in small Mexlear
huts scattered along the river foi
miles to the southeast. No organlzec
force has had charge of caring for th«
wounded, except doctors' and charita
ble women who volunteered their ser-
viced. Therefore an appeal has gon<
to th Ainerican Red Cross organlza
tlon at Washington requesting thai
some one be designated to take chargi
of th$ situation and tfcat the ahny au
thorltles be instructed to render as-
sistance and furnish any necessarj
Interest at Capital Dies.
Washington, Jan. 4.—tfce ripple ol
Interest Caused by the unexpected vis-
it to Pass Christian of John Lind an<J
his three houts Conference at night
with President Wilson has died awaj
settled do»h to anothet "
nMpm. „ «
It has been hinted that during his
si* months' stay in Mexico Mr. Line
has arrived at dertait} conclusions thai
are not entirely reass
ability of the const! ~
to establish 1 *tab\
government in the event
finally releases his hold
of power. Jt is believed "
conference on r
the end < ""
>wn to another period of pa'
ting upon International do-
ts in Mexico.
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Williams, E. K. The Temple Daily Telegram (Temple, Tex.), Vol. 7, No. 46, Ed. 1 Monday, January 5, 1914, newspaper, January 5, 1914; Temple, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth475879/m1/1/: accessed January 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Abilene Library Consortium.