Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 23, 1836 Page: 3 of 4
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-jsFobsthetsupport of the army (from henceforth placed under your
command) you may make use of the funds which have arrived atMata-
moros, as well- as the provisions lying there and at Victoria, and you
may also dispose of the $20,0(51) brought from Bexar, and which should
.be in the army-chest.
" ' I expect that your Excellency will, without fail, comply with these
"orders, and advise me of your having commenced doing so. God and
Gamp St. Jacinto, April 22d, 183G.
. ANTONIO LOPEZ DE-SANTA ANNA.
To His Excellency Vicente Fdisola, General of Division.
Excellent Sir, Annexed I send to your Excellency the Articles
- of "the Agreement entered into by me, with His Excellency David G.
-.Burnet, President of the Republic of Texas, for your information and
fulfilment of the same to its full extent, in order that no complaints
Tmay arise tending to cause a useless rupture. I expect to receive
t without any delay 3 our Excellency's answer by this same opportunity,
and accept in the mean time m consideration and regard. God and
Liberty. . ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA.
To His Excellency, General of Division, Dn. Vicente Filisola.
Articles of an Agreement entered into, between His Excellency
"David G.Burnet, President of the Republic of Texas, of the one part,
and General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, President, General-in-Chief
of the Mexican army, of the other part.
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna, agrees that he will not
take up arms, nor will jKe exercise his influence to cause them to be
taken up, against the People of Texas during the present war or Inde-
pendence. Article 2nd.
All hostilities between the Mexican and Texian troops will cease
immediately both on land and water.
The Mexican troops will evacuate the Territory of Texas, pass-
ing to the other sido of the Rio Grande del Norte.
The Mexican Army in its retreat shall not take the property of
any person without his consent and just indemnification, using only
such articles as may be necessary for its subsistence, in cases where
tbeowner may not be present ; and remitting to the Commander of the
Army of Texas or to the Commissioners to be appointed for the adjust-
ment of such matters, an account of the value of the property con-
sumed, the place where taken, and the name of the owner, if it can be
. Article 5th.
That all private property, including cattle, horses, negro slaves or
inaeniurea persons 01 wnaiever denomination mat may nave oeen cap-
tured by any portion oP the Mexican Army, or may have taken refuge
in the said army since the, commencement of the late invasion, shall be
restored to the Commander of the Texian Army, or to such other per-
sohs'as may be appointed by the Government of Texas to receive
them. ' Atiticle 6th.
The troops of both armies will refrain from coming into contact
with each other, and to this end the commander of the army of Texis
will be careful not to approach within a shorter distance of the Mexican
army than five leagues.
The Mexican Army shall not make any other delay on its, march,
than that which is necessary to take up their hospitals, baggage, &c.
and to cross the rivers anyjgdelay not necessary to these purposes to
be considered an infractioritbis' agreement.
By express to be immediately dispatched, this agreement shall be
fientio General Vicente Filisola and to General T. J. Rusk, commander
of the Texian Army, in order that they maybe apprised of ifs-siipiU
; J - l.r, J -L- 1 i 1 ...III.
gHltj, mill lU iiil'a'euu mey win exenange engagements iu uuwpiy wiui
That all Texian prisoners now in possession of the Mexican army
or its authoritieslie forthwith released and furnished with free passports
'to return to their homes, in consideration of which a corresponding
number of "Mexican prisoners, rank and file now in possession of the
Government of Texas, shall be immediately released. The remainder
of the Mexican prisoners that continue in possession of the Govern-
ment of Texas to be treated with due humanity any extraordinary
comforts that may be furnished them to be at the charge of the Govern-
ment of Mexico. Article 10th.
General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna will be sent to Vera Cruz,
as soon as it shall be deemed proper.
The contracting parties sign this instrument for the above men-
tioned purposes, by duplicate, at the Port of Velasco this 14th of Ma)r,
1836. DAVID G. BURNET.
James Collingsworth, Secretary of State.
ANTONIO LOPEZ DE SANTA ANNA.
Baily Hardejian, Secretary of the Treasury.
P; W. Grayson,. Attorney General. '
Excellent Sir, When on the point of talcing up my march with the-
army I have the honor to command, I received your Excellency's com-
nunication announcing'the agreements made by your Excellency with
the Commander of the Texian forces. Previous to the reception of
those agreements I was disposed to obey your prior orders, communi-
cated to me officially; in fulfilment of them I was already on my march
and continued therein on this very day; nor shall there be any other
delay than what may be absolutely nesessar' for transporting the sick,
trains, stores, and munitions of war, as is provided for in the treaty.
Inasmuch as the said Treaty is duly drawn up, agreed to, and ratified
by your Excellenc)', in the character of President of the Republic, and
Commander-in-Chief of the Arnry of Operations, I cannot fail to obey
"'it in all its parts, and have acted in conformity since the commence-
ment. For I have- scrupulously performed that part respecting pro-
" perty, prisoners, and.payment of what has been furnished to the army
for its subsistence. Agreeably to the treaty aforesaid, I will also enter
into arrangements with the Commander of tho Texian forces, for a mutual-fulfilment
of its, stipulations -and adjustment of claims which may
ariseT God and Libertv.
Goliad, 25th May, 1836. VICENTE FILISOLA.
To HisExccUency General Don Anionio Lopez de Santa Anna, Presi-
dent of the Eepulilic.
On the borders of the stream del Mugerero, on the 26th of May, ap-
peared "under the tent of his Excellency, Vicente, Filisola, General-in-Chief
of the Mexican army of operations, Colonel -Benjamin Smith and
Captain Henry Teal, of the Texian army, who handed to said General
Filisola, a document directed to him by his Excellency, Don Antonio
Lopez de Santa Anna, President of the Republic; and said Col. Smith
having manifested he came full' authorized, as appeared by his cre-
dentials, signed by General Thomas J. Rusk, in order to ratify in his
.name the treaty of a cessation of arms, concluded between Gen. Santa
Anna and the Texian government, on the 14 th of May; and also to put
in execution the stipulations of the aforesaid treaty.
In consequence, General Filisola, after perusing said documents, ap-
pointed to examine and verify them, Gen. Don Eugenio Tolsa and Col.
Don Aeustin Amat, of the Mexican army, who accomplished the object
of their mission, and acquainted his Excellency with the result; there-
" upon, General Filisola having made up his mind under these circum-
stances, determined to act in conformity with every thing relating to
the army of operations, in the 10 articles of the treaty; and in the
same manner as the General of the Texian forces would do.
The contracting parties also agreed that Gen. Rusk should appoint
Commissioners, to march with the Mexican army, or to follow it, so as
toTjcfable to claim, if necessary, under the stipulations of the aforesaid
treaty, in the understanding that every thing found in the army of ope-
rations appertaining to the claimants shall be delivered up to them. In
testimony whereof, and for due fulfilment on both sides, they agree to
draw up this document in duplicate, which the two belligerent parties
signed, jointly with the Commissioners.
Head Quarters, at Creek Mugerero, 26th May, 1836.
HENRY TEAL, 1-
OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF WAR AND NAVY. CENTRE SECTION-
Excellent Sir, I have reported to his Excellencv thr President.
ad interim, your communication "Camo on the rifrht bank of the. river
Nueces," 31st ult. and in reply I have to inform you by supreme order,
iuui 11 nas Deen viewed witn the greatest indignation. Your Excel-
lency will have to answer before a Council of War for the accusation
made against you of not maintaining the points which the Supreme Go-
vernment had ordered vou to preserve at everv cost. From this mo
ment your Excellency is liable to a most serious charge for havinff for
gotten the provisions of Art. 2, Tit. 3, Treatise 7 of the Military
Ordinance, in virtue of which the command of the army devolved upon
you, for on no consideration whatever ought you to have considered
inai mo vjcnerai-in-omet was in tun exercise ot the command whilst a
prisoner, and much Ics that he could discharge his functions as Presi-
dent of the Republic, being unable to perform thoc appertaining to that
office; and because, even if he had been at the head of the executive
power, his orders should not be obeyed unless subscribed by the respec-
tive Secretary of the Department. It is astonishing that your Excel-
lency should' advance reasons which even common sense 'condemns,
and which manifest gross ignorance, at least of military law, and above
all of the qualities required for the exercise of the Executive power in
a Republic, particularly in ours. Consequently, the President ad in
terim. disapproves the treaty made at Velasco the 14th May 1836, be-
cause the General signing them was without liberty or authority; and
the President also reprobates expressly, as contrarv to the rights of
the nation, the pompous style of Republic-given-to the-iusiirrecdoiiajiy.dJbanpjnjssJodlalike. Should ihe members of the first Congress
part of a department of the Mexican nation, and that of President to
the chief of those banditti. Finally, his Excellency the President ad
interim, orders that if your Excellency has not given up the com-
mand of the army to his Excellency General Don Jose Urrea, that you
do so immediately and come to this Capital, as ordained, to be tried
for your conduct. God and Liberty.
Mexico, 25lh June, 1836. TORNEL.
To HE. Gen. Don Vicente Filisola.
artillery look upon the marshalled bands of warlike champions list!
lu we auui-surrmg arum ano nie and visit Santa Anna in custody
when we see flying above us the stripes and single star and hearpro-
claimed that the First Congress of the Republic of Texas" is to be
convened, we are verily persuaded that we must have been indulging
mAAA sleepof"RipVan Winkle," and that twenty years have been
added to time of which we have been unconscious. Fifteen years have
gone but in place of the wilderness has left a flourishing Republic .
fifteen years ago, and Texas was bartered away as not worth retain-
ingbartered away in order that it might ever .remain a wilderness
and prevent the spread of the Republican principles of the patriots of
76. But what can withstand the force of the American character ?
They have thwarted the policy of Spain ; and have not only made
Texas a country of population and wealth, but have added it to the
Republics of the Earth. They have reversed the 'order of Mahomet
and bowed their faces to the west. The hundred arms of Briareusfap-
pear to have been given them with which to extend and secure their
territory. No opposing force sufficiently strong has yet been found to
impede their westward course and march to greatness. The Mexican
beholds the prostrated power and destruction of the Indian"tribes, and
now trembles for fear that the same destiny is allotted to him.' Such'
has been tho effect of the American character ; and to what are we to
ascribe their extraordinary success, considering the almost insurmount-
able obstacles that offered themselves ? To the enterprize and moral
worth of the people. The Almighty gave Liberty to the United-States;
because they were found worthy of possessing it it gave greatness
and power to the government, because it was founded -and conducted
on those pure and upright and liberal principles, for which, in the field
of battle, they had professed to contend. To Texas, success has thus
far been given, because her citizens were engaged against a cruel,
blood-thirsty despot, in defence of Civil Liberty. Whether that success
will be continued, and whether she will be permitted to advance to
advance to greatness and prosperity depends ENTIRELY on those who
shall compose the "First Congress of the Republic."
those who composed the first Congress of the United States have .
gone down to the grave with their memories embalmed in the affections
of a grateful people. They yet continue to live m memory because
by their virtue and wisdom they formed a government securing liberty
The following letter was written to Vincente Filisola, General-in-Chief
of the Mexican armies, by Jose Maria Tornel, Secretary of the
War Department. We publish it through the liberality of a respectable
firm of this city, by whom it was communicated.
To His Excellency the General-in-Chief, Don Vincente Filisola.
Dear Friend, Through the criminal apathy of Congress and the
complete nullity of government, it becomes necessary to put in use a
certain stratagem to save our country and ourselves. You will have to
lend a hand to its execution, unless you want to perish with your army,
after witnessing the utter destruction of the republic. Such is the
boldness of our revolutionary radicals, and the weakness of govern-
ment, that from this time up to the moment when you adopt this plan,
you will neither receive monev or soldiers ; you must, ere now, be
convinced of the truth of this first point ; as to the second, a more
positive proof cannot be given than the sudden halt of the army of re-
serve. Such then, is the proper method of executing my plan ; all
opinionsrmegnelized-5-ntvwe aH7Tricti5?Sju&t oe writtelTfo
uie government 01 mis capital, mentioning very particularly that all the
army want a Dictator to be appointed, who will remaia in office until
Texas be restored to the republic. Who will be the man? No matter;
perhaps Valencia, for he is at the same time the hope and fear of many.
This idea is not so much to put the plan into execution, as to get a
powerless congress to invest the government with all power to restrain
the revolutionary spirits, and enlist new soldiers to carry on the war
and maintain good order. I have said enough ; reflect on my words ;
you will fully appreciate how timely is this measure. No time is to be
lost ; and mark me, keep carefully or tear this letter, written by a
friend on whom you can rely. JOSE MARIA TORNEL.
New Orleans Bee.
GEN. SAM. HOUSTON is nominated as a cadidate for
President of the Republic or Texas His clans are too well
known to make it necessary to repeat them. No man in Texas stands
so high in the United States and in Europe.
No man in Texas stands so fair in the estimation of President
Jackson and his Cabinet. Consequently no one else can have the
same influence in urging the claims and requests of Texas on the Go-
vernment of' the United States.
No man stands so high in the estimation of the people of Texas
and his election will produce public tranquillity by the destruction of
old parties and theexcitements spring from them.
Let all good citizens then repair to the folls and give their votes for
HOUSTON, and rest assured that in his election the great good of the
country will be advanced.
Signed by more than six hundred persons.
Columbia, August 2Qth, 1836.
P. S. A Handbill, published at Brazoria, denies that Gen. Houston
is a candidate, and charges the bringing of him out to a few of Austin's
friends. This is not the fact-r-men of both parties have nominated
him, and expresses have been sent to ,every part of Texas witbyftie
news. The people have a right to require the services of General
Houston, and if elected he will serve; and that he will be elected his
friends entertain no doubt.
August 22d, 1836.
of Texas piirsiiRfTi7r?fTTiiri--iipr;ght7-.fL;g;r1fffroSte( course, they
also, in time, will receive their reward; but should selnshne5sand
intrigue defeat the great objects for which we have contended in our
Revolution, they will live to be execrated and die to be forgotten.
" Save me from my friends and I will take care of my enemies" is
an adage which should sink deep into the hearts of all. We should
consider it a warning voice addressed in particular to us, and from it
draw those lessons of useful instruction which may prove our sheet-
anchor in the storms that now assail us. By our prowess we have
manifested that we can takePcare of our enemies. The Cbngrjess of
the United States have asserted that on that p'oint they areell Satis-
fied but they more particular!)' fear that civil discord and dissentions
among ourselves will prevent the organization of a permanent govern-
ment. Already the Congress of the United States have resolved that
our Independence ought to be acknowledged, provided the President is
satisfied that we have a government entitling us to confidence. The
last advices from Washington City state that the President had left for
the Hermitage without recognizing our Independence. He is no doubt
waiting for the meeting of our first Congress, anxiously hoping that our
deliberations and legislation may be such as to satisfy his mind that
weJjjjVe a government entitling us to be received among the nations
of re earth. A few da)rs will fix our destiny, be it for good or for
evil. And in this critical and awful moment I would address myself to
the people of Texas. I would conjure them to act unexcited and disin-
terested ; to vote for those who can organize a government, and who
will do so "for. ihArnmadci'TtarciuiXBi.ryr TVOTth and talents
are indispensably necessary on this occasion, and all good citizens and
true patriots will, I am sure, offer up as a sacrifice their prejudices to
the public good. " The meeting of the First Congress of the Republic
of Texas" will be in a few days the course it may pursue. involves
our future destiny, and the prayers o? all should ascend on high that
the result may be auspicious. To those who may compose that body,
I would say, in the language of Holy Writ, when you enter the sacred
Hall " throw off your shoes for the ground on which you stand is
Holy." Let all your actions be directed to the good of your country.
Make Washington and Jefferson and Franklin and Madison your pat-
terns, endeavor to follow in their steps, and the gratitude and confi-
dence'of a natioifVill 1oe y8urs. Pffrsue a different course, let selfish-
ness influence you, sacrifice the public good to your own purposes, and
you will be abhorred by Texas and her friends as traitors and per
jurers you will be despicable while living and odious if remembered
when dead. 99 PATRICK HEiNKl'.
At Brazoria, last week, Dr. Ika Jonts.
Isiac Jaques, on the Gth ultimo, of Lynchburg, whose family is expected
to arri e from the United Spates.
About the 1st of July, while on his way to the army, Jacob AI Lauetojt,
printer, of Capt. Graham's company of New-Orleans Volunteers, aged about
42 years; he was originally from Baltimore, but has resided for many jearsin
New-Orleans. fl-The New-Orleans and Baltimore papers will please notice
OR STOLEN from the subscriber, at Columbia, about the last
of July, an American Bay Mare, about 8 years old, fourteen
and a half hands his:h ; branded D. C. on the left shoulder. A
liberal compensation will be given on delivery to THO. H. BORDEN, Colum-
bia, or to ABNER ECKOL, Fort Settlement.
Au-iist 22. 26-3t
August 19, 1836.
To the Editors of ihe Telegraph:
My name has been announced to the public
as a candidate for Senator, for the county of Brazoria. I have only to
say, that if elected, I will endeavor to pursue that course best calcula-
ted to promote the public good. W. C. WHITE.
To the Editors of the Telegraph :
The First Congress or the Republic or Texas. How solemn
and imposing is the expression ! How gratifying ought it be to every
Texian and to every lover of Civil Liberty ! Fifteen years have not
passed away since Texas was one boundless wilderness ; naught of
man seen in its dreary solitude save the track of the Indian and naught
was heard but his savage yell mingling with the shriek of the baests of
prey. How changed is the scene ! From the Sabine to the Nueces
the AmericafTemigrant has .erected his dwelling, and houses and fields,
and population and plenty have sprung up as it were by magic. Where
a few years since all was a trackless solitary wilderness where the
sound of the axe was heard only at a distance is now one continued
hum of busy industry and enterprize; agriculture has overspread the
land, and our commerce has commenced in a respectable manner to
whiten the ocean. As we write, we think of times gone by. Our set.
tlement in the country appears only to have been of yesterday, and yei
we know, because wehavc felt that no wealth nor power nor greatness
then was here. We look around at the sudden and extraordinary
chanp-e and are lost in the contemplation. We are almost tempted to
believe in the power of magic and when wc see the passing train of
h n.e iard of Mexican mares, branded E. F. which have since been claimed a"
public property : Now, this is to give notice that I will not pay th&aaid note,
unless tne names cua UJlUiC tuuu tuc eaie iu ijjc, aim nccu uin m"w .
1 a TVTTvnTxir -'nttrT,VfTKflrrt
HVING given my note for $300, some time in July, payable six months
after date, to .Nicholas iUciNutt ana jonniucuoran, in consideration 01
Bernard, August 23, 1836.
PPOSITE Mrs. Long's boarding house in .Brazoria, offers for sale, on rea
Flour and Butter 4Crackers.
Segars, Soap and Candles.
Table salt, Mustara and better raper
sugar, uonee ana iea, 01 superior
Muscat, Madeira, Sherry and Claret
wines in boxes.
Malaga and TenerifTe wines.
Brandy, Gin and Whiskey.
Assorted Pickles and Sweetmeats.
Sardinins, Prunes, Raisins and dired
August 23, 1836
Hats. Shoes and Tobacco.
Fresh dried Corn Meal and Porter.
An assortment of Clothing, domestic
roods, &,c, &c.
GAIN ofTers his professional services to the citizens of Texas. He can
always be found at his residence, except when absent on professional
business. iTanquiiity, August jo, 1000. u
TrafJTCf) WOMAN acred 22 vears. A first rate cook, washer .and ironer,
L and general house servant, also a good hand in the field and to manage
.0 suhne hopn 10 or 12 vears in U countrv. and is sober and honest.
She "would not be parted with, but the owner is going to the United States for
his health, apply at Mrs. Fearis's in Columbia.
August 15th, 1836. 3 times August 16
rTHHE subscriber having been appointed administrator of the succession of
I Tiirnnnnw T.TWrwrcn. HprpriscrL herehv notifies all nersons indebted
to said succession to make payment, and all those having claims againsfSaid
estate, will present tne same wumn ine umt; prescrrueu u ian.
' r EDMUND ANDREWS, Administrator.
Brazoria, July 23, 1836. 3 mo Aug. 9
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G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 23, 1836, newspaper, August 23, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47879/m1/3/?q=%22stripes%22: accessed February 22, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.