Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 27, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 30, 1836 Page: 1 of 4
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J. & JL Ji( MjL 9
WE GO FOR OUR COUNTRY.
.PUBLISHED WEEKLY, )
BY J.& T. H. BORDEN. )
'COIUMBIA., TUESDAY, AUGUST 30, 1836.
TERMS, $5 PER ANN., IN ADVANCE.
' ADVERTISING, USUAL PRICES.
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.. V'fc A JS TEXAS REG
EXTRACT OF LETTER TO GEN. SAM. HOUSTON,
FROM GEN. FELIX HUSTON.
(as is well known) is the strongest in Mexico, and he no doubt
would in a short time place himself at the head of the Govern-
wnn4 4- n 4- Ij-v-4- wAy-kwj-. 4-V - rrArn Kin In -i rtAntrAruntiAn nrifn
When I arrived at the Army on the 4thof July I found Gen. Austin he told me he had repeated conversation with the
that the march of the Mexicans on Texas, as stated by Oaptain president of the u States and many of the members of Congress
Carnes and Teal had been delayed on account of want oi supplies much gvmpatny was by them expressed in behalf of Texas,
xf money to payoff the troops, and their unwillingness again to and & gt solicitation of feeling that the difference between
march into a country from which they had so disgracefully re- contendi powers should be settled, a peace established,
treated. It at once struck my mind that there was a favorable and he Generar'Allstin is of the belicF, and has no doubt that the
nmrtSattackMexicc her Army was dispersed and disorganized, Government of the Unitcd States will accept the mediation,
and just enough of them, and in that situation at which a vigorous and try to bring about a iasting peace, and put an end to the
attack- would disperse them, and subject the whole portion on shedd of m(fre blood Within sixt or ninel d we m
the Rio Grande to the conquerors, and thus retaliate on Mexico calculat to haye an answer from the Government. I sincerely
Tier devastation of country, make her feel the desolation oi , and tmst there .g nQt a man am Qur citizenS who
. war, destroy her resources and means of again invading us re- .g go wanti in patriotism to desire to see this war carried
pay our citizens for thdir great loss of property ; and nnally aid . canbe othervvise settled through negotiation, and I can-
1 1 .11 . . nnir n v-i-knAn An t-rxrk mrmD rx nn w w
our negotiation auu maKeiucxicu ish. a. pcac uu un. i.-i" --
fraying the expenses of the war, and recognition of our Inde-
pendence, and this blow added to the glories of the Alamo and
on th.e"field of San Jacinto, would establish a national character
for the infant Republic of Texas, which would be unparalleled
'in the history of Nations, in which she would be respected at
liome and abroad, her alliance would be courted, her commerce
extended, and her immense resources would be developed with
a Tapidity hitherto unequalled. All this I believe would inevit-
ably have ensued in one month from a vigorous co-operation of
all parlies upon Matamoros. OutArmyJiad supplies sufficient
and just a sufficiency, they were increasing by the arrival of se-
veral hundred volunteers and a large turn out of citizens, and it
was then expected that it would by that time the expedition
could start, amounting to three thousand men, two thousand of
whom would have been more than sufficient to ensure entire
success to the attack, all that was needed was the hearty co-
operation af the citizens', with the volunteers, tind of the Cabinet
m forwarding supplies, ships, and steamboats to aid that portion
-loi the attack which was to be directed toward Brasos de San-
Head Quarters Texas Army,
Victoria, July 27, 1836.
. General Thos. J. Rusk.
Dear Sir, Euclossd are a few-brief remarks giving my iews
relative to the disposition of General Santa Anna by this Army,
.also touching in a brief manner our policy under the -present
state of affairs in this country. These remarks I am induced
to TwnlfRon accpunfr.oCi&gaaxious flying reports going the rounds
ofChe country which were calculated to injure the army, (the
bulwark of our nation's safety) should they gain credit, which I
have made known to many of the officers and men (my acquain-
tances) and they appear to agree in their minds in the main.
I assure you, Sir, it has relieved my mind very much, as I
' from th m have heard that the report relative to the trying and
" convicting Gencr tl Santa Anna by Court Martial, is false and
unfounded, and that such an act is not nor has been contem-
plated by this army generally, and that the imputed military
xisurpation of this army is also false. I hope such is the fact, I
look upon such vile slanderers and mischief makers as enemies
to the cause for which we are battling. Allow me to beg your
indulgjsce, and seriously call your attention' to the enclosed re--mirks,
and I trust they may assist your deliberate consideration.
From, very respectfully, your friend and humble serv't,
A. C. ALLEN.
Head Quarters Texian Army,
&- Victoria, July 23d, 1836.
J. To my fellow Citizens in arms and the
"' - Volunteers from the Untied Stales.
. Gentlemen, It is "with much delicacy I address you on a
, subject, touching the deepest interests of our country, but my
" ' feelings are such, I cannot forego making a few brief remarks,
and call your attention to a consideration of them, and hope you
- will grant me that indulgence I have learned that this Army
- ' have resolved to bring General Santa Anna here, and try him by
aCourt Martial for his life, for the savage and murderous deeds
he has committed. That he deserves death no one can doubt ;
but is that the true policy for us to pursue at present ? I cannot
think it is, and it appears to me you could not have been ac-
quainted with all the circumstances relative to a negotiation
with General Santa Anna, or you would not have taken the
course you are now about.to pursue. You are no doubt aware
j that a treaty has been made with the President, General Santa
r Anna, by this Government, which was commenced (as I have
been informed) by your Commander-in-Chief, General Samuel
- Houston, for the cessation of hostilities. There has also been a
private treaty niade, the object of which is to make a perma
nent and amicable settlement of alf our difficulties between
this Government and Mexico. There has also been an ap-
plication for mediation by General Santa Anna and this Gov-
ernment to the Government of the United States. General
Austin has also written to the President of the United States on
the subject, giving him a full statement of all the facts and cir-
cumstances, attending the negotiation with General Santa Anna,
from the commencement up to the time he wrote. These I know
to be facts, as 1 copied the documents. General banta Anna in
his letters to President Jackson and his conversations with Gen.
Austin, gives clear, lucid, and cogent reasons, why it is to the in-
terest of Mexico to acknowledge the independence of Texas
and thus bring the war to a final close ; and he urges the Presi-
dent of the United States in the strongest terms, to mediate be-
not believe there is one to be found among the brave, chivalrous,
and philanthropic volunteers from the United States, who have
come to assist-in our holy, and righteous cause, that can desire
to see us plunged further into war, if by negotiation we can ob-
tain our peace. As the negotiation and application to the Gov-
ernment of the United States for that Government to mediate
between Texas and Mexico, has been commenced I trust, your
resolutions may be stayed until we hear the result of that un-
dertaking. I look upon this matter as one of great importance,
touching the most vital interest of our country, I view it as I would
an important matter of business or speculation, and calculate
the chances for and against the operation. By putting an end
to Santa Anna, what do we gain 1 Nothing but the satisfaction
of knowing that we have punished him for the inhuman and
murderous deeds he has committed upon our countrymen, but
by preserving him we have a double chance of bringing our
difficulties to a final adjustment by the aid of the United -States
Government. The experiment is at least worth trying as it has
been commenced. I feel assured that the voice of the people
generally will be with me, when they become acquainted with
all the circumstances. Putting General Santa Anna to death
cuts off all hope of negociation, we have no alternative left
but to fight our way through a prolonged war will destroy our
country for a while, and make bankrupts of many of our citi-
zens theseare weighty considerations and ought not to be lost
sight of. In a pecuniary point of view, we are illy prepared for
war we have not money, nor have we good credit ; so far what
has been done has been done by individual enterprize I have ad-
vanced nearly $25,000 to carxyLjonjLhigJgar I am unable to
advance more there arc others -vvho have advanced a much
larger sum, they are now like myself unable to do more except
in personal services ; therefore we embrace the opportunity of
negotiation while we have it in our power, and if we cannot
succeed in that, our only course left is to fight for the rights we
wish to establish and let our watch word be Independence or
Ueath. In the mean time while we are awaiting an answer
from the United States Government, our Army should continue
to organize, and should the answer not be favorable to our views
our contemplated expedition could be extended towards Mata-
moros and the Rio Grande in cooler weather than it now is,
with success, and with that view we ought to be ready and pre
pared as far as in our power for the worst ; and in fact as the
enemy are now making a show of hostility ; perhaps our best
course would be to pursue the war with vigor, which might more
effectually bring about the much desired negotiation but of
this however I am not a judge. It also appears to me that
we ought to make a friendly treaty with the Cumanchee In
dians, whereby we can co-operate with them and have much of
the country on the Rio Grande in Tamaulipas, Coahuila, and
Chihauhua laid an entire waste, by encouraging a trade with
them and buy all the horses, mules, sheep, and cattle, they can
plunder from those States. Should these steps be takea, if we
have to resort to further fighting, it would be much more difficult
for the Mexican Army to march against us the wilderness
would be extended, and the supplies of stock cut off, while af
the same time the supplies of stock for our Army would be in-
creased and really it appears to me, that if we cannot succeed
by negotiation, we can by such a course. It cannot fail to bring
the Mexicans to their senses by which they may be easier hum-
bled, and much more readily grant us our Independence.
I am but one humble individual among many, but I hope
my voice may be heard I believe it to be the voice of the
people, and let me again beg of you to stay your resolutions,
relative to the disposition of Santa Anna, until we can have an
answer from the United States Government. However it ap-
pears to me under any circumstances, he ought to be retained
and disposed of by the next Congress, in such a manner as it may
be deemed best for the true interest of Texas.
From one who is deeply interested in the true interests of
this my adopted country,
A. C. ALLEN.
with a hope of its culture, with the specimens of the colored
cotton, to the Hon. Messrs. Forsyth, Dixon, Lewis, and Davis,
who took pains to sow them the following season, but they were
found to be too old to vegetate.
1 he aeath of Commodore 1 hompson, prevented the valuable
introduction which he intended for his country. It is very im
portant that this fact should be published, in order that more
seed might be imported from South America, where there is no
doubt of the existence of cotton in all the varieties of color.
The nankeen cotton, so happily introduced into Georgia, is
found superior to the same article in China; and there is a pro
bability that other varieties might be introduced with great ad
And if we can obtain all the varieties of the cotton plant, it
will add to the importance of our great staplerand encourage
the manufacturer to procure fabrics peculiar to America.
1 pubfish this with a hope that elf orts will be made to procure
the seed, to try experiments. The cultivation of the cotton
plant, so as to procure a fixed staple is asubject well worthy
the attention of the planters of the south and west.
You will oblige me by inserting the above in your valuable
paper. UJ&U. . WAlTJBi.
New York, June 8th, 1836. JV; O. Bee,
POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, IN 1836.
The population of the United States, at the present time,
may be approximatively estimated as follows :
Maine, the northeasternmost,
New Hampshire, south of Maine,
Vermont, bordering Canada,
Massachusetts, most densely peopled, .
Rhode Island, with the least territory,
Connecticut, the most agrarian,
Aggregate of the northeastern states,
New York, the most populous,
New Jersey, the thoroughfare state,
Pennsylvania, the banking state,
Delawai" the narrowest state,
Maryland, the water state,
Aggregate of the middle states,
Virginia, the largest state,
North Carolina, the modest state,
Georgia, the southeasternmost,
Aggregate of the southern states, -
Ohio, the thrifty state, -
Kentucky, the bagging state,
Indiana, the improving state,
Illinois, Jt1e prairie state,
Michigan; the lake state,
Missouri, the northwesternmost,
Aggregate of the western states,
Tennessee, the central state,
Louisiana, the southwesternmost,
Alabama, the river sate,
Arkansas, the least populous,
Aggregate of the southwestern states,
District of Columbia,
Florida, with the most extensive coast,
Oregon, or the Far West,
Cotton of various colors imported from Chili. The fol-
lowing communication from the author of the Memoir of Slater,
is worthy the attention of the public, and especially of the cot-
ton growers of the south and west.
In seeking information respecting the Nankeen cotton, in
which I perceived some was darker .fhan others, I was surprised
to find that there were other varieties of color. Mr. Lyford, of
Baltimore, first assured me of the circumstance, and gave me
specimens of the cotton, and of the seed, which was presented
tween Texas and Mexico, by which our difficulties may be fairly to him by a friend who gathered it in Chili ; one a light or nankeen,
settled. Borne may urge that we cannot treat with treneral the other a beautiful brown specimens of which may be seen
feanta Anna, being a prisoner of war, and that the United States
The entire population within the limits of the United States,
Indians included, amounts, therefore, to sixteen millions, six
hundred and eighty thousand souls. Louisiana Adv
Government under such circumstances will not notice the Pre
sident General Santa Anna's application, this may be so, but the
experiment is worth trying. Should the Government of the
United States accept the application for mediation, and Gene-
ral Santa Anna be allowed thereby to return home, the matter
perhaps might be soon settled, as the party of Gen. Santa Anna
at Dvford's Hotel, Baltimore
In further prosecution of my inquiries at Washington, Cary
Seldon, Esq. informed me, that in settling the estate of Commo-
dore Thompson, it was found that he had brought from Chili,
specimens of cotton, among which was found a beautiful brown
and a bright lilac. He had brought seeds of the different colors,
and Mr. Seldon on the discovery of the fact, distributed them.
Washington, July 8.
The aggregate amount of appropriations made by the acts
passed by the late session of Congress is about thirty-five millions
of dollars. Of this amount it is very curious to see the very
large proportion made for objects connected with our Indian
relations. For carrying into effect treaties, or suppressing hos-
tilities with the Indian tribes, exclusive of the expenses of the
army proper, the amount appropriated is more than thirteen
millions and a half of dollars. The appropriations for the army
amount to four millions of dollars. For the navy to six millions
and a quarter: for fortifications, to nearly three millions; for
harbors to over one million; for the Cumberland road, six hun
dred thousand dollars; besides three millions of dollars for the
Notwithstanding this enormous amount of appropriations there
is no doubt that the surplus in the treasury on the 1st of January
next, subject to distribution under the late act of Congress, will
exceed twenty millions of dollars.
Under the act of Congress re-organizing the post office, all
deputy postmasters whose emoluments exceed a certain amount,
are to be appointed with the advice and consent of the Senate.
At the close of the session, the old officers except one were
all nominated to the Senate for re-appointment, and their ap-
pointments were confirmed. The exception was in the case of
the New York post office, to which Jonathan J. Coddington
was appointed, to supersede the gentfeman who had held the
office for a number of years past. Nat. Intel. July 8.
"Job Printing!" exclaimed an old woman the other day, as
she peeped over her specks at the advertising page of a country-
newspaper, "Poor Job; they've kept him printing, week after
week, ever since he first learnt to read, and if he was'nt the
most patient man that ever was, he never would have stood it
so long, no how!" Dedham Advertiser.
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G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 27, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 30, 1836, newspaper, August 30, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47882/m1/1/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.