Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 27, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 30, 1836 Page: 3 of 4
The following text was automatically extracted from the image on this page using optical character recognition software:
. . j
f . I J .-.. J in itt r
w t; waj .4 it n tf zv A. c ; rz& ol t?
TO THE VOTERS OF TEXAS.
Now is the time to step forward. The polls will soon be
open, when ev-ery man can exercise his judgment as to his vote
for Chief Magistrate of this infant Republic.
Let all the i3al friends of the founder of the first anglo-Ame-rican
settlemefiit in Texas come unitedly and resolutely to sup-
port him. His claims are paramount to any man's in the coun-
" try : his political devotion to our true interests has been surpas-
sed hy none ; he has at all times endeavored to promote the
colonization of Texas; he has labored faithfully to secure to
the people their rights and to advance their happiness; he has
served the country as Commissioner to Mexico, at his own ex-
pose, where he was incarcerated for two years, for no other
reafon than endeavoring to procure for Texas a local govern-
ment; he arrived from Mexico about the first of September last,
and on his arrival he publicly made known all the affairs of the
Mexican Government, before the people, and said that we
would be compelled to fight or submit to a tyrant. He approv
ed of a Consultation at a time when public excitement was op-
. posed to it. He accepted an appointment under that Consulta-
tion, as Commissioner to the United States, and labored faith-
fully in the cau.se. He wrote when in the United States, on the
7th of January, to the people of Texas, to look well to the
month of Murch, and it was in the month of March that the
Alamo was taken. He has in all cases given notice when he
conceived us to be in danger. He has mortgaged ALL of his
x&nds to Vorrovr money for the cause of Texas, part of which
has been J)aid for provisions, arms, munitions of war, &c.
It is said, he is a land-holder. He has land, but every foot is
now pledged to maintain our credit.
Gen. Houston, I know, stands well as a military man: the
battles that he has fought, entitle him to honors of the highest
order. But the war is not over, "and when the Mexicans return
in the spring, or at any time, where is the General to command
our army in the field '? Like Washington, when the war is over,
no man will be more entitled to the gratitude of the nation; but
.at this time his services are needed in the field.
Gen. Austin has always advocated the propriety of a decla-
ration of Independence, as soon as it was found that the Mexi-
can liberals (asthey were called) were united against us. Sec
at his letters to the Council, published in the Telegraph. He
clearly described in those letters the situation of Texas: he also
stated in them that Texast having, "been, left to herself, had
returned to occupy her original station in society, and therefore
could resume her vested rights, and- legislate for her own indi-
vidual benefit. He never doubted the right of Texas to make a.
declaration of Independence, and his conduct has always been
consistent, so far as regards her general interests.
Let his friends then come forward and support him.
i k i u &.1& -t rtr it is.n.j i n ?4 i l 5 s e j
IT. ,r, .,X, , . ,. t , . t f " ., .' - 1 ,f .
reason, a question wnicn, wnenevcr it comes, cannot ue wiiirom
its own intrinsic difficulties and perplexities. Once only have I
spoken, and that at the most critical moment of the contest,
when the reported advance of the Mexicans upon Nacogdoches,
and the actual movement of General Gaines in that direction,
gave reason to apprehend the encounter of flags, which might
endanger the peace of nations. It was then I said that, while
neutrality was the obvious line of our duty and of our interest.
yet there might be emergencies in which these obligations could
Nacogdoches, Texas, 11th August, 1836.
The practice of indiscriminate impressment of property, by all
persons whether present or not has produced many evils and acts of
great injustice and oppression. Therefore the Commander-in-Chief of
the Army of Texas, orders that no property shall be hereafter impress-
ed or molested only under the following exceptions. When provision
is applied for and particularly beef, and the person or persons refusing
to furnish it on the faith of the Government, the person applying being
in command of troops, shall be authorized to press so much as may be
needful for the emergency, and this shall be authorized, in all cases
rivin2'receipts, usinjj care and making no unnecessary waste. No
ferscs shaii"be-pressedj'unlessitis for, the purpose'of carrying cx-H
Sesscs, and an order thall be shown by the person ironi some superior
officer, who is known to be in authority. It must be authorized by the
General in command of the Army and signed by him, or by some officer
Imown to be in command of a separate post. All persons going westward
with horses or mules, are commanded to be arrested at the several ferrys,
who have not passports specifying their mmes and the number and des-
cription of the animals in company with them. All persons who are rc-
'turning from the Army without furloughs or passports from the General
commanding the army, specifying the horses or mules in their posses-
sion, shall be subject to arrest and their horses or mules taken from
them. The impressment of property unless in accordance with this
order, shall be deemed fgIony,cind all persons who may violate it, shall
be subject to immediate punishment. Cavalcades of horses and mules
ha.ving been brought from the west without orders, it is fit that some
safeguard should be established to property. No deserters from the army
of the United States, will be knowingly countenanced in the army here-
after, and will be immediately delivered up, on application by the General
co-mmanding on the frontier of the United States.
SAMUEL HOUSTON, Commander-in-Chief.
Hatch's on the Lavaca, August 9, 1S3G.
TO THE VOTERS IN THE JURISDICTION OF MATAGORDA.
Fellow Citizens, I am now on my way to the Army to proceed
West, if it should be deemed for the interest of our National rights.
In the mean time I submit my name as a candidate for a seat in the
House of Representatives of the next Congress. My political opinions
are a support of what the laws under which we have acquired our
Tights, will justify. Should I be honored by a majority of your suffrages,
I will immediately return and take my seat as your Representative,
should your decision be otherwise, I shall be in the way of my duty by
remaining with the army.
Respectfully your fellow Citizen,
S. RHOADS FISHER.
MEXICO U. S. N. ORLEANS TEXAS.
Decidedly the best speech as yet made in relation to Texas
wasdelivered by Mr. Benton, in Senate, on consideration of
ltr Clay's resolution, " That the independence of Texas ought
to be acknowledged by the United States whenever satisfactory
information shall be received that it has in successful operation
a civil government, capable of performing the duties and fulfill-
ing the obligations of an independent power. Mr. Benton view-
ed the whole subject in all its bearings; and in enthusiastic
eloquence soared as high as Mr. Preston; but, more statesman-
like, he did not permit himself to dwell upon visionary, though,
perhaps, not wild, speculations as to future events in this hemis-
phere. As an American legislator, not one sentence escaped
him expressive of a thought that was not in keeping with our
national character for fidelity to treaties; and even showed that
the advantage was on the side of Mexico in the observance of
ajjgtrict neutrality by our government. The sentiments he
uttered are both brilliant and solid. Not for a moment unmind-
ful of the rights and feelings of man, neither did he forget that
the Mexicans have their peculiar rights and national feelings,
which should bti respected by the world; and proved that it was
. 'forjhe honor and interest of the United States to avoid any col-
lision with the Mexican government. "We make some extracts
at random, though we would avoid, if possible, mutilating so
sound and brillian t an essay:
Mr. Benton: To discuss the question of the admission of
Texas into this Union, under existing circumstances, is to treat
her with disrespec t, to embroil ourselves with, Mexico, to com
promise the disinterestedness of our motives in the eves of
have no place; when, in fact, a man should have no head to
think! nothing but a heart to feel, and an arm to strike! This
was after the affair of Goliad, and I illustrated the sentiment
(from the impurted order to unpeople the country) with the sup
positious case of prisoners assassinated, women violated, and
children slaughtered; and these horrors lo be perpetrated in the
vicinity of an American army! In such case, I should feel that
treaties were nothing, laws were nothing! That if the Ameri
can soldier, hearing the cries of helplessness, and remembering
only that he was a man, born of woman, and the father of chil
dren, should nobly resolve to obey the impulsions ol the heart,
instead of coldly consulting the musty leaves of books, fly to the
rescue, and strike to prevent the perpetration of crimes which
shock and dishonor humanity, he would find a justification in
the paramount law of God and Nature! Beyond this I did not
go. The United States has faithfully fulfilled a rigorous neu-
trality. Our young men have gone to Texas to fight j but with-
out the sanction of the laws and against the orders of the govern-
ment. They have gone like the heroic youth of all countries,
and in all ages, to seek renown in the perils and glories of dis
tant war. Unlike England, in the civil war raging in Spain,
we have not stimulated action by withdrawing obstacles. Our
statute against armaments to invade friendly powers are in full
force. Proclamations have attested our neutral disposition.
Prosecutions have been ordered against violators of law. A
naval force, in the Gulf and a land force on the Sabine have
been directed to enforce the policy of the government; and, as
far as acts have cone, the advantage has been on the side of
Mexico; of which the taking of the Tcxian armed schooner In-
vincible is one instance. If parties and individuals go to Texas,
the act is particular, not national, compromising none but the
parties themselves, and may take place on one side as well as
on the other. I conform to the pacific and neutral policy of the
Administration, from conviction, and oppose any interruption to
friendly and commercial communications with Mexico, our near-
est neighbor, who divides with us the continent of North
America, and possesses the elements of a great power. Our
boundaries are co-tcrminous for more than 2,000 miles. We
have inland and maritime commerce; she has mines; we have
ships. General considerations impose upon each other the
duties of reciprocal friendship: especial inducements invite us
to uninterrupted commercial intercourse. As a western senator,
coming from the banks of the Mississippi, and from the state of
Missouri, I cannot be blind to the consequences of interrupting
that double line of inland and maritime commerce which,
stretching to the mines of Mexico, bringsback the perennial
supply of solid money, which enriches the interior, and enables
New-Orleans to purchase the vast accumulation of agricultural
produce of which she is the emporium. New-Orleans now is
what the Havana once was the entrepot of the Mexican trade
and the recipient of its mineral wealth. The close observer
would see the products of our soil passing into all the countries
ol JiiUrone, cxchanrin? into pne fabrics and iheo returning in
-the ships of-many nalionsj-our-own predominafltjtorthe'eityof
New-Orleans, and thence going off in small Mexican vessels to
Matamoros, Tampico, Vera Cruz, &c. The return from these
ports is in the precious metals; and, lo confine myself to a single
year, as a sample of the whole, of the iengruillions and three
quarters of silver coin and bullion receivedjin the United States,
according to the custom house returns, 'during the last year,
eight millions and one quarter of it came from Mexico alone!
and the mass of it through the port of New-Orleans ! ! This
amount of treasure is received for domestic productions, changed
into foreign fabrics, giving double employment to the navigation
of the country. Wonderful are the workings of commerce, and
more apt lo find out its own proper channels by its own opera-
tions than lo be guided into them by the hand of legislation.
Thus have circumstanqes given to New-Orleans the supreme
advantage of being the entrepot of the Mexican trade, and has
presented the unparalleled spectacle of Ihcf noblest valley in the
world, and the richest mines in the world, sending their respec-
tive products lo meet each other at the mouth of the noblest river
in the world; and there to create, in the lapse of time, the most
wonderful city which any age or country has ever beheld. A
look upon the map of the Great West, and a tolerable capacity
to calculate the aggregate of geographical advantages, must im-
press the beholder with a vast opinion of the future greatness of
New-Orleans. But he will only look upon one half of the pic-
ture, unless he contemplates this new branch of trade which is
making the emporium of the Mississippi the entrepot of Mexican
commerce, and the recipient of Mexican mines, and which,
-though now so great, is still in its infancy ! Let not government
mar a consummation so auspicious in its aspect, and teeming
with such magmheent results. Let no unnecessary collision
with Mexico interrupt our commerce, turn back the streams of
three hundred mines to the Havana, and give a wound to a
noble city, which must be felt to the head spring and source of
every stream that pours its tribute into the King of Floods.
but increased, the obstacles to union presented by nature.
Sooner oV later, separation would be inevitable; and the progress
of human events has accelerated the operation of natural catises.-
Goliad has torn Texas from Mexico ! Goliad has decreed inde-
pendence San Jacinto has sealed it! What the massacre de
creed, the victory has sealed; and the day of the martyrdom of
the prisoners must forever be regarded as the day of disunion
between Texas and Mexico. That massacre was a great po-
litical blunder, it was expected to drown revolt in blood to
extinguish aid in terror. On the contrary, it has given life and
invincibility to the cause of Texas. It has given to her the
sympathies and commiseration of the civilized world. It has
fired the souls of her own citizens, and imparted lo their cour-
age the energies of revenge and despair. It has given her men
and money , and a hold upon the sensibilities of the human
race. If the struggle goes on, not only our America, but
Europe, will send its chivalry lo join in the contest. I repeat
it, that cruel morning of the Alamo, and that black day of
Goliad, were great political faults. The blood of the martyr is
the seed of the church. The blood of slaughtered patriots is
the dragon's teeth sown upon the earth, from which heroes, full
grown and armed, leap into life and rush into battle. Often
will the Mexican, guiltless of that blood, feel the Anglo-American
steel for the deed of that day, if this war continues!
COLUMBIA, AUGUST 30, 1836.
Arrived, at the Landing, Aug. 21 Steamboat Yellow-Stone, Sargent,
master, from Velasco.
Armved, at Velasco, 2 1st inst. Prize Mexican sloop Matilde, from Gal
Departure, 2Dth inst. Am. ;chr. Julius Ccar, for N. Orleans.
August 28th Arrived at the Landing, steamboat Yellow Stone, capt. Sar-
gent, from Quintana and Velasco, and reports no vessel there-from the United
Passenbers Messrs. Henry A. Morfitt, Bailey Hardiman, Antonio Blan-
din, Col. A. Houston, and others.
August 29th Departure Steamboat Yellow Stone for Quintana rfnd
Mr. John Beslev, to Mis3 Eliza Hkwji in, both of Colorado.
At Velasco, Mr. John M. SiiREVEto Miss Sarah Bvilev, both of that place.
Mr. Jamls L.
Thacksteb, baker, a
At this place, on Thursday, 25th inst.
native ol IingJanu.
At Nacogdoches, 1st inst. Wji. Fitzmorris, a native of England.
At the La Baca, on the 10th July, Mr. Augustus Quigley. of Capt. Gra-
ham's company of New Orleans Volunteers. He was a native of Washington
City, D. C. 07 The U. S. papers will please copy the above.
HEAD QUARTERS, COLETO,)
August 1st, 183G. )
I SHALL require of every Surgeon aud Assistant Surgeon, performing the
duties of Surgeon, quarterly reports or sick, with such remarks as may be
necessary to explain the nature of the disease of the troops, the practice adopt-
ed, and the lands of medicines and stores required, together with a copy of en-
tries made for the quarter in the book kept for the diary of the weather, accom-
panied with suitable observations; also, it is required of every Surgeon and
Assistant Surgeon, having charge of public property of any description for the
use of sick, duplicate semi-annual returns of the same, in form and manner pre
scribed, and annual requisitions for the supplies required for each regiment,
hospital, post or garrison lor the ensuing 3 ear.
" I shall require from the officers of the Apothecary Department, duplicates
of all invoices of supplies put up for and delivered or forwarded to the several
Surgeons and Assistant Surgeon1-, and a:so returns of the several articles pur
chased, received aud issued by them.
Aug. 23 A. E WING, Surgeon General, Texian Army
The preceding notice was net i.iserted last week for want of room. Eds.
FROM the plantation of L. S. McNiel, a SORREL HORSE,
about 14 hands and a half high, 7 or 8 years old, both hind feet
white, and a small star in his face, and is a natural pacer. I
never saw him trot under the saddle, and his eye is a little
weak. A liberal reward wijl be riven for tle delivery of the
Horse to the plantation of W. H. Bvnum, whereat I shall be fouud.
Aug530 61 JAMES RAY.
wmw wmwm up wwwm
Thus far Mexico has no cause of complaint. Nor can it be
any infrigement of neutrality for the Senate of the United States
to adopt a resolution for the contingent and qualified acknowl-
edgment of Texian independence. It will remain inoperative in
the hands of the president until information shall enable him to
act without detriment lo any interest, and without infraction of
any law. But I look upon the separation of Texas and Mexico
as being in the fixed order of events, and absolutely certain to
take place. Thev are not formed for union : thev are not homo-
J J J . , i 1 , t . f .. ji. . . t
geneous. I speak of Texas as known to La Salle, the Bay of, l0 "nProve inem' anu innie ine P"DI1C t0 e3kamH c. ALLEN 'for
St. Bernard (Matagorda) and the waters which belong to it, a. C. & J. k! ALLEN.
being the western boundary. They do not belong to the same August 30, 183G. Gm
division of counlrv nor to tho samr svsrpms of mmmnrrP nor, The Commercial Bulletin, of New Orleans, Mobile Advertiser, the Globe..
uiviMuii ui couniry, nor to tne same Sj Stems Ol commerce, nor at Washington, Morning Courier and New York Enquirer, New York Herald,
to tlie same pursuits ol business. 1 hey have 110 alhnities, no I and Louisville Public Advertiser are requested to make three insertions of this
attractions, no tendencies to CO-aliescc. In the course of cen- j advertisement, and forward their bills to this office for payment.
turies, and while Mexico has extended her settlements infinitely PFTFR Tfffrft"RFA
Long's boarding house in Brazoria, offers for sale, on rea
ITUATED al the head of navigation, on the West bank of Buffalo Bayou,
is now for the first time brought to nublic notice because; until now. the
proprietors were not ready to offer it to the public, with the advantages of cap
ital and improvements.
The town of Houston is located at a point on the river which must ever
command the trade of the largest and richest portion of Texas. By reference
to the map, it will be seen that the trade of ban Jacinto, Spring Creek, 2ew
Kentucky and the Brazos, abo e and below Fort Bend, must necessarily come
to this place, and will at this time vvarraut the employment of at least Ox'E
Million Dollvrs of capital, and when the rich lands of this country shall be
settled, a trade will flow to it, making it, beyqydf all doubt, the great inte-
rior commercial emporium of Texas.
The town of Houston Is distant 15 miles from tne Irao river, 30 miles, a
little North of East, from San Felippc, CO miles from Washington, 40 miles
from Lake Creek, 30 miles Eolith V'cct Vom New Kentucky, and 15 miles by
water and 8 or 10 by land above Harrisburg. Tide water runs to this place
and tiie lowest depth of water is about biK leet. Vessels from New Orleans or
Ucw York can sail without obstacle to this place, and steamboats of the larg-
est class can run down to Galveston Island in 8 or 10 hours, in all seasons of
the year. It is but a few hours sail down the bay, where one may take an ex-
cursion of pleasure and enjoy the luxuries offish, foul, oysters and sea bathing.
Galveston harbor being the onlj' one in which vessels drawing a large draft of
water can navigate, must necessarily render the Island the great naval and
commercial depot of the country.
The town of Houston must be the piace where arms, amunitions and provi-
sions for the government will be stored, because, situated in the very heart of
the country, it combines security and the means uf easj distribution, and a na-
iiuii.u uwuuij mil uu uuuui uiy suuu uc eaiuuuaiicu ai 11119 iuiuu
There is no place in Texas more healthy, having an abundance of excel-
lent spring water, and enjo)ing the sea breeze in all its freshness. No place in
Texas possesses so many advantages for building, having Pine, Ash, Cedar and
Oak in inexhaustible quantities ; also the tall and beautiful Magnolia crows in.
abundancp. In the vicinity are fine queries of stone.
Nature appears to have designated this place for the future seat of Govern-
ment. It is handsome and beautifully elevated, salubrious and well watered,
and now in the very heart or centre of population, and will be so for a length
of time to come. It combines two important advantages : a communication
with the coast and foreign countries, and with the different portions of the Re-
public. As the country shall improve, rail roads will become in use, and will
be extended from this point to the Brazos, and up the same, also from this up to
the head waters of San Jacinto, embracing that rich country . and in a few
ears the whole trade of the upper Brazos will make its way into Galveston
Bay through this channel.
Preparations are now making to trect a water Saw Mill, and a large Pub-
lie House for accommodation, will soon be opened. Steamboats now run in
this river, and will in a short time commence running regularly to the Island.
iiiu Jiujnuiui3 oner uie juis lorsaic on mociernie icriiis iu uiusu who iiesire
further in other directions; to the Rio Grande in the north, and
to the mouth of San Francisco in the northwest, yet no settle-
ment had been extended cast, along the neighboring coast of
the Gulf of Mexico. The rich and deep cotton and sugar lands
of Texas, though at the very door of Mexico, requiring labori-
ous industry to make them productive, have presented no temp-
tations to the mining and pastoral population of that empire.
For ages this beautiful agricultural and planting region had lain
untouched. Within a few years, and by auother race, its set-
Sugar, Coffee and Tea, of superior
Muscat, Madeira, Sherry and Claret
wines in boxes.
Gin and Whiskev.
Europe, and to stzirt among ourselves prematurely, and without jtlement has begun, and the presence of this race has not smoothed
Malaga and Tcneriffe
Assorted Pickles and Sweetmeats.
Sardinic, Pruneas, Raiins and dried
Flour and Butter Crackers.
Segars, Soap, and Candles.
Table Salt, Mustard and Letter Paper
Hats, Shoes and Tobacco.
Fresh dried Corn Meal and Porter.
An assortment of Clothing, domestic
goods, &c, &c.
n ' 26-31
Here’s what’s next.
This issue can be searched. Note: Results may vary based on the legibility of text within the document.
Tools / Downloads
Get a copy of this page or view the extracted text.
Citing and Sharing
Basic information for referencing this web page. We also provide extended guidance on usage rights, references, copying or embedding.
Reference the current page of this Newspaper.
G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 27, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 30, 1836, newspaper, August 30, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47882/m1/3/: accessed October 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.