Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836 Page: 2 of 4
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COLUMBIA, TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 13.
The Returns of the elections have not yet hcen received by us, and to give
them from report would be liable to inaccuracies. In our next No. we expect
-to insert some of them.
Haifa league on "Big Creek," in this District, for $5,000 cash, no im-
provements. Another half league, on the same Creek, sold at the same price.
900 acres on Oyster Creek $5,400, smallimproi ement.
On the 9th instant, the trial of JJartolome Pages, for a plot to res-
cue General Santa Anna and suite, was to take place before Judge
Franklin, at Brazoria; but the evening previous he contrived to make
his escape; and has since been retaken': his case will soon be dis-
We learn with satisfaction that tlxj Companies of Biliingslc', Yorke
and Hill have severally pursued and thrashed the marauding Indians ;
of whom the firstnamed company killed-Sgjhesccond 2jandthc 3d 10,
malting in all 35, without the loss of a man on our side. A large quan-
tity of ropes andlarreates was taken, with which the red rascals intend-
ed no doubt to lead off horses and mules without any previous consent
obtained from their owners. These successes have induced some of the
families on the Colorado to return to their homes, and the rest will
Mr. Morfit, the Agent from the United States passed through this
place last week from Orizimbo on his way farther into the interior and
towards the Colorado. We understand this gentleman will probably re-
main in Texas until after the meeting of Congress.
i any time after the first day of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight,
1, the .above uounden, limomy I'ayiccu, snaiipay, or cause to De paiu,
to the said DAVID Cr. JtsU.KiN.hJ.. President as aloresaid, or his succes
sors in office, or his assigns, the aforesaid sum of Five thousand dollars,
with per centum per annum interest from the first day of October,
eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and for the security of the same I spe-
cially pledge my real estate, present and future.
Given under my hand and seal at Velasco, this third day of Sej)-
tembcr, one thousand eight hundred and thirtv-six.
TIMOTHY PAYWELL, L.S.
$5,000. ' FoKHor the Receipt.
By this act, be it known that I, DAVID G. BURNET, President of
the Republic of Texas, acknowledge to have received of Timothy
Payicctt, for the benefit of said Republic, a Bond, for the sum of Five
thousand dollars, payable at the Bank of Orleans, on the first day of
March, eighteen hundred forty-two, with per centum, interest from
the first day of October, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, which said
Bond, thus signed and delivered by the said Timothy Payiccll, is dated
the third day or September, eighteen hundred and thirty-six, and the
faith and credit of the Government of Texas is hereby pledged for the
payment of said Bond and the interest thereon.
Done at Velasco the third day oi beptctnber, one thousand eight
hundred and thirty-six.
(Signed) DAVID G. BURNET.
THE NEW LOAN.
In order to aid the operations of Government and to raise supplies for the
Army, the Executive, in virtue of its authority, has in view the effecting
of a loan by means of bonds to be given by the citizens of Texas in possession of
real estate, for which receipts will be issued : copies of the documents are insert-
None has ever denied that the natural resources of Texas are immense, and sur-
passed by no other country upon earth. Our situation is analagous to a person
setting up in business, surrounded with numerous advantages, wanting only a
small additional capital to secure great profits and to become wealthy. That
our government will be able to pay all its debts, none that is acquainted with
the country, and can take into consideration its future resources of revenue
will doubt. But, this loan is intended to sustain upon individual responsibility,
the credit of the government, till it can realize the advantages possessed by other
nations the raising of money on importations, the sale of land, &c.
These individual responsibilities will practically demonstrate that the citi-
zens of Texas rely upon the justice of their cause, and have themselves confi-
dence in the ability of their government to sustain itself ; and that so soon as a
respite can be had from the difficulties to which a desperate war has given rise,
it "will.be able, we doubt not, to exhibit a state of prosperity unequalled by any
other of the new Republics
It must be obvious to every person, that with claims to satisfy, ; an arm' in
the field to maintain, and with no other immediate available resources than
public lands, the Government should provide, with foresight, for the approach-
'"" rlnv nf KnmHntTrm nfn rrrnintc hv orpntinf n fund in moot if. mill the ex
penses incidental on the invasion of another Mexican army. The plan appears
to be as follows : To substitute for public pledges and securities, individual
ones, bearing interest ; the principal to be paid in March 1S12, and the interest
annually, excepting the first payment of the latter, which is' to be made in
March, 1838. "When the Government brings into market this species of stock,
its indorsement will be an additional security.
The bonds will no doubt find a ready sale at par, because the interest on
them, secured, and likewise the principal, by the intervention of the Govern-
ment, will most probably be alone a sufficient inducement to the buyers. That
no inconvenience may arise from an early cancellation of the bond, the one in
question contains the proviso, that only after the 1st of March, 1838, (the time
when the first payment of the interest is to take place) shall it be cancelled, on
fulfilment of its conditions. Thus, with the Government of Texas, as Indorscrs,
and the Citizens as Securities, the Bonds will be supported like the Stocks of
other nations, by a punctual and regular payment of the interest, until the prin-
cipal also be discharged. The Bank of Orleans, which is highly respectable
and staunch, is selected as the place of deposit.
List of individuals who have subscribed to the New Loan:
Walter C. White & Co. for
McKinney &, Williams, .
John D. Patton,
W. H. Wharton,
Handy & Lusk,
Josiah H. Bell,
Edmund Andrews, -
Thomas H. Borden,
W. G. Hill,
According to the terms of the Receipt the faith and credit of the Go-
ernmentof Texas is pledged to the payment of said Bond ind the interest
thereon ;' so that the Government stands between the party bound and the holder.
Ablankisleft in both documents for the quantum of interest, which will be of
course conventional, and may vary from 4 to 10 per cent, per annum.
The advantages to be derived from the scheme are the follow intc:
By means of the tangible, individual security thus given in real estate, for
principal and interest, our Government can bring the bonds into market and
readily dispose of them.
Owing to the final time of paymentbeing so protracted, the original lender
will have ample opportunity for acquiring wherewith to fulfil his engagement.
The purchaser or holder of the bond will receive a good rate of interest
for hismoney andraay fully depend on being paid the principal.
We conceive that .this plan for raising a loan will prove more advantageous
than any other yet brought forward, and we heartily wish it success and recom-
$5,000. Foiwr of tiie Bond.
Know all men that I, Timothy Pay well, for value received am
firmly bounden, and by these presents do firmly bind myself, unto
DAVID G. BURNET, President of the Republic of Texas, and his
successors in office, and his or their assigns, in the sum of Five thou-1
Corn, sweet potatoes, butter, honoy and every other article of subsistence
arc in demand at this place and bring a good price. Corn is worth $1,50 per
bushel, and butter 25 cents per lb. There is no country under the sun where
labor is better rewarded than in Texas. The people in the North would
consider 25 cents a great price for butter, though the keeping of a cow costs
more than she will sell for; but here the keeping is nothing, neither in winter or
summer. We have heard it said, and we believe it, thatthere is no employment
in which the people of the Northern or Eastern Stales could engage so profitably
as the raising of cattle in Texas for the hide and tallow alone ; besides, the beef
will always be worth 2 cents per lb ; corn from 50 to 75 cents per bushel ;
whilst cotton and sugar give still greater profits. This country, so congenial to
the growth and raising of the articles mentioned, and of mules, and produce
common to the South, is unlike the Northern and Eastern States, where funds,
superior talents and industry are necessary to procure a competency: here, any
one of these requisites is sufficient for obtaining the means of support and has
often yielded to the possessor a rapid and splendid fortune.
The farmer or planter who may come among us without the resources for
acquiring a strong force (say 50 hands) to engage in sugar making, may turn
beneficially his attention to the planting of cotton with from 5 to 20 hands;
and we know several who successfully undertake this branch of agriculture with
no other aid than the white individuals of their own family : if, however, he
prefer a more easy mode of living, he may raise horses, mules, horned cattle, or
hogs. It is, in our opinion, scarcely hyperbolical to assert, that oak and pecan
mast are sufficiently abundant for a supply of pork for all the United States.
To compare the advantages which this country possesses over the Northern, the
Middle, and most of tbc Southern States of the North American Union, we
have only to contemplate the gratuitous donations of nature, in-our uumerous
and extensive prairies. For example, all the manual labor exerted in one year
on Texas would equal that which the single article of grass takes in the State
of New York, and yet more is produced on our natural meadows than in all the
before mentioned States. We would hail with pleasure the appearance of a
Texian Work, dedicated to the improvement of Agriculture, similar to Mr.
Niles's valuable Register; because on that source of wealth will depend, for
time to come, the prosperity of our Republic, and itis our duty and interest to
illustrate its principles and to encourage their application.
According to an edict of the Mayor of New Orleans of the 19th
ult., the price of flour was staled to be $9 per barrel, and that of bread
Pursuant t& an older of the President of the Republic of Texas,
a iourn luaynai was noiaen at v elasco on the 25th. August.
'( On sundry charges, viz. disobedience
J. F. Kaufman. S ordersJ drunkenness while on duty.
The Court Martial finding the prisoner guilty on both char-
ges, sentence the prisoner to be condemned to labor "three
months at the public works on Galveston Island, with ball and
chain, but the Court recommend him strongly to the mercy of
Adjourned sine die.
JOHN D. McLEOD, President.
ELIHU J. ROGERS,
J. P. HOTCHKESS,
W. U. MOOTS.
A. CHANDMON, Judge Advocate.
Executive Department, )
Velasco, 31st August, 1836. C
The above sentence is approved, but in consideration of
the recommendation oi the court, and of a letter from captain
Styles, praying for a remission of this penalty, so revolting to
the feelings of a good soldier, and entertaining a hope that the
prisoner, J. F. Kaufman, will fully redeem his character by
strict subordination and a prompt discharge of his duty as a
good soldier, 1 do hereby, m exercise of the pardoning power
vesicu in me, remit rue sentence pronounced against the said
Kaufman, and do return him to his duty in the line of the army..
DAVID G. BURNET.
A Court Martial was held at Camp Coletto, on the 20th
Republic of Texas, )
R. C. Hays. 3
We, the undersigned members of the Court Martial held
for the trial of R. C.'IIays, captain of the Mobile Volunteers,
on charges of trailrous and seditious threats, and embezlement
of public property, preferred by lieutenant Tracey, having
heard and impartially considered the testimony brought forward,
have unanimously and honorably acquitted him of said char-
ges; Lieut. Col. W3M. GRAHAM, President.
CIIS. L. DAROCHER, Capt. Artillery.
TIIO. PRATT, Captain,
H. REED, "
II. R. A. WIGGINGTON, Captain.
JOHN J. GREEN, Brig. Gcn.'l T. A.
F. A. SAWYER, Acting Secretary of War.
Velasco, Sent. 2. 1836.
In pursuance of an order of Hon. F. A. Sawyer, Secrela-
of War, a General Court Martial was convened to try all
Republic of Texas,
tana uoimrs, payauie on tne ftrst day ol March, eighteen hundred and ', cases that might come before them.
TnrtV-flVO With . nni-nnntiimnA.. :4 C. 1. C l 1 el O iv..w.
.w..j ..,., ,,lu. ji v-wnuiu jjui milium imurusi iium iiiu iirsi uav OI
Oct eighteen hundred and thirty-six ; the interest to be payable on the first
day of March, eighteen hundred and thirty-eight, and hereafter annu-
ally until the extinction of this bond, both principal and interest, pay-
able at the Bank op Orleans, in the c.'ty of New Orleans. Nevertheless,-this
bond to be cancelled, acquitted and made void whenever, at
Charge An outrage upon the rights
and laws of the country.
Capt. Geo. Styles.
It is the unanimous opinion of the Court, on hearing all
the testimony, that the charges were vexatious and groundless.
and that captain Styles be, and is hereby, honorably acquitted.
WM. JL MILLER, Col. Com. second
Reg.'t Reg. Infantry, and President of the Court.
JOHN D. McLEOD, Judge Advocate.
F. A. SAWYER, Acting Secretary of War.
From the True American, August 23.
A Battle fought. By a passenger from Vera Cruz, we
learn that a battle was fought, on the 13lh July last, at Etla,
(Mexico,) between the government troops, 900 men and three
pieces oi artillery, commanded by len. Oanalizo, ana tne lea-
eral troops, (revolutionists) 600 men, commanded by len. Asa-
vado. The action lasted half an hour: the revolutionists were
routed, and their destruction very great Gen. Asavado taken
prisoner, wdth three other field officers, who were shot the next
morning in the public square. The loss of the government
troops was comparatively small. Our informant, who was chief
of artillery in the federal troops, says that the interior of Mexico
is in a very agitated state, and that a great deal of difficulty
will ensue to the central government owing to the revolutiona-
The Mexican squadron were at Vera Cruz on the 9th August,
getting ready for a cruize, viz: brig Fama and schr. Bravo.
By lhc?lrrivriSl:cr9ajtf the sch. Flora, from Velasco, Tex-
as, the collector of this port received a letter from a gentleman
at that placedated the 13th inst, in which he states:
"The President, with the advice and consent of his cabinet,
has rescinded so much of the decree of 21st July last declaring
Matamoros in a state of blockade, as relates to American vessels
not carrying provisions or articles contraband of war to the en-
e3iy. N. O. Bulletin, Aug. 22.
From the Globe.
Movements near Texas. We have been furnished for pub-
lication with copies of the following order, issued by General
Gaines, and of his instructions to the officer commanding the TJ.
States troops near Nacogdoches:
Head Quarters, Western
Department, Camp Sabine,
11th July 1836. S
Order No. 29. .
The present posture of affairs in Texas indicates the proba
bility of Indian hostilities on the western and south western
borders of the U. States, in the course of the summer and au-
tumn. On this hypothesis must be predicated all military move-
ments on this frontier. It is therefore, directed that, on any ser-
vice requiring a detachment of the troops at any military station
or camp, to be sent on duty in the wilderness on which they
may be absent more than two days, and out of supporting dis-
tance; not less than two hundred infantry, or one hundred and
fifty mounted men, be detached. The fate of Maj. Dade's com-
mand in Florida illustrates the importance of a strict attention
to this order. By order of Maj. Gen. Gaines.
(Signed) GEO. A. M'CALL.
A. D. C. and Act'g. Assistant Adj'l. General.
Head Quarters Western Depart-)
ment, Camp Sabine, July 10, 1836. )
Sir: Having received satisfactory information that, among
rthc Indians" vv ho" haver recently committed depredations upon the
I Pnfinfinr inlln lllfnnfe nfTovnc in UnKoplf-nn'?' nnlnnir -koi.n nrnon
ii viivivi 1U1UVU.H.UU vi J. V-AUO) u JIVUUW UUU O UU1UU J , LUUC 1TC1C
some of the tribes residing within the State of Louisiana or Ar-
kansas, I have deemed it proper, in order to ascertain to what
extent these Indians have participated in these depredations, and,
at the same lime, to restrain their hostile incursions into Texas,
to direct your attention to the matter, for which purpose you
will repair, with the forces under your command, to the town of
Nacogdoches, where you will, for a time, be occasionally sta-
tioned until otherwise directed; and to which place I have or-
dered seventeen thousand four hundred rations of flour, with the
like quanity of the small parts of the ration, together with eight
thousand four hundred rations of pork, with authority for a sup-
ply of beef sufficient to complete the whole supply to seventeen
Your position at Nacogdoches must combine the several ad-
vantages of strength, health and comfort, and it must be fortified
by a small breast work constructed of light materials with a
block house or two, at the opposite angles.
The primary object of the present occupancy of that post is
to enable me to carry into effect instructions of the President of
the United Slates, embraced in the letter from the Department
of War, dated 12th May 1836, of which I enclose herein a copy
for your information and government.
Should you find any of the Indians, of our side of the suppo-
sed national boundary, manifesting a hostile spirit, you will urge
them to return to their villages and be peaceable. But should
they, or any other Indians, or other armed forces, be found in a
warlike attitude, or in the act of any decided hostility against
the United States troops, or against any of the inhabitants of
this frontier, or of the disputed territory to the south or east, or
noith of Nacogdoches, you will in that case employ the forces
of your command to arrest or otherwise restrain them from such
hostility, notifying the commanding officer here of their position,
probable numbers and conduct; to the end that the forces at
this place may promptly support and co-operate with you in
their arrest and punishment. But you will not attack them
without evidence of their hostility, demonstrating by their con-
duct rather than by their threats, taking care to conform strict-
ly to the precautionary measures prescribed in the instructions
herewith enclosed, as well as the general regulations of the War
You will keep the commanding officer at this place, and
at Fort Towson, informed of every movement, and every mea-.
sure, connected with or embraced in the directions and duties
assigned to you.
I am very respectfully,
Your obedient servant,
(Signed) EDMUND P. GAINES,
Major General Commanding.
To the officer commanding the U. S. Troops at or near Nacog-
doches, near Texas.
Correspondence of the Charleston Courier.
Washington, July 23.
" There has prevailed for the last -wo.nh nr iu-n. n rn?mral imni-oc.
sion that we shall bncome involvpil in flm imt Imtu'nnn AfnviVn
and the Texians ; and within the last eight and forty hours this impres-
sion has been strengthened. Information has been received at the War
Department, that General Gaines has determined to push a force of
7000 men over thn 'Pn-vinn frnnfinrs.rmrl Imclccnml l.;0 nlni-c nmlmo,).
his arrangements, in conformity with that intention. This movement
has for its object the check of the advance of the Mexican troops, and
probably in case of extremity, the succor of the Texians, should thev
1)0. tinnhln in pnnn witli llmip nnnmin.. A .wl 4) 4 : i f?-i "
- ' -" 1" """ "-" uiuiiih! -JLUU U1U IllUbl lllipuriillU 1UCL IS,
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G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836, newspaper, September 13, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47886/m1/2/?q=september: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.