Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836 Page: 3 of 4
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that the movement of General Gaines has received the entire approba-
tion of the Government. The inference is, that the Government has
determined to encounter the consequences which will result from the po-
sition in which it will thus be placed, in reference to the Mexican Gov-
X eminent: and as the interposition on our part must have the effect of
' stirring up to actual and sanguinary" collision, the already excited feel-
incrs of the Mexicans, war must be calculated on as among- the first of
the results to follow. In fact, without an interference, there is too much
reason to apprehend that Texas cannot be emancipated from the thral-
dom of Mexico. The troops of the latter power will come down on the
plains of Texas like an inundation, and we shall be subjected to the
cruel alternative of standing cooly by, and with folded arms, looking on
the cold blooded murder of our gallant countrymen, or of rushing into
the melee, and turning the tide of battle.
The feeling here is decidedly against the execution of Santa Anna.
, If he had been put tp death instantly, the heat and fury, and excited
feelings of the moment,would have vbeen received throughout the world
as an extenuation of an act which nothing else could justify ; bu to
put him to death, notwithstanding all his demerits, and notwithstanding
the strong provocations to retaliation which are to be found in his bar-
barit3r to the Texians who have fallen into his power, would tend to in-
jure the cause of Texas, by weakening the estimate of the character of
its military, political, and moral government, and by reducing the pre-
sent lofty standard of American honor and chivalry. There are per-
sons connected with our Government, who think the wisest step which
the Texians could have pursued, would have been, the instant that Santa
Anna came into their possession, to have given him freedom, and told
him IhaTlBey" warred as warriors should, and riof as Indian butchers or
bravos. I think the Commissioner, understood to have been sent to
Texas by our Government (I have not yet ascertained who he is) will
convey the sentiments of the Executive of the United States on the sub-
ject, and it is as reasonable to presume that his sentiments will have an
effect upon the operations of the Government of Texas.
From the National (Tenn.) Banner of August 6.
IMPORTANT DOCUMENT DISCHARGE OF THE
War Department, May 4, 1836.
Sir : Major General Gaines, to whom the command of the Western
border of Louisiana has been assigned, has notified this department that
he has called upon your Excellency for a brigade of militia, the whole, or
as many of them as practicable, to be mounted.
I am instructed by the President to request your Excellency to call
into the service of the United States, the number of militia which have
been, or may be required by General Gaines, to serve not less than three
months after their arrival at the place of rendezvous, unless sooner dis-
charged. Very respectfully, your obdt. servt.,
His Excellency, N. Canon, Governor of Tennessee,
From the following letter of the President of the United States to go-
vernor Canon, it will be perceived.that the recent requisition of General
y Gaines has been countermanded, and that the volunteers raised under it
are to be forthwith mustered out of service. Whether or not General
Gaines had authority, or valid reasons for making the requisition, we
shall not now stop to inquire; but governor Canon's compliance with it,
we are satisfied, will be appreciated by the public. When we shall
have obtained the necessary documents, we shall probably take a more
extended view of the transaction.
GEN. JACKSON'S LETTER.
T 0 ' Hermitage, August 5, 1836.
'Sir : I have received your letters of the 29th ult. and 4th inst, ac-
companied by the copies of communications which were addressed to you
on the 4th of May and 25th July, by the Secretary of War, and also ac-
companied by your proclamation of the 20th, founded on the requisition
made by General Gaines, "bearing date the 28th June last. The docu-
ments referred to in the communication to you of the 25th ult. from the
War Department, have not been received.
The obligations of our treaty with Mexico, as well as the general prin-
ciples which govern our intercourse with foreign powers, require us to
maintain a strict neutrality in the contest which now agitates a portion
of that republic. So long as Mexico fulfils her duty to us, as they are
defined by the treaty, and violates none of the rights which are secured
by it to our citizens, any acton the part of the government of the Uni-
ted States which would tend to foster a spirit of resistance to her gov-
ernment and laws, whatever may -be their character or form, when ad-
ministered within her own limits and jurisdiction, would be unauthorised
and highly improper.
A scrupulous sense of these obligations has prevented me thus far
from doing any thing that can authorise the suspicion that our govern-
ment is unmindful of them, and I hope to be equally cautious and circum-
spect in all my future conduct. It is in reference to these obligations
that the requisition of General Gaines in the present instance, must be
considered, and unless there is a stronger necessity for it, it should not
be sanctioned. '
Should this necessity not be manifest, when it is well knownthat
the disposition to befriend the Texians is a common feeling with the ci-
tizens of the United States, it is obvious that that requisition may fur-
nish a reason to Mexico for supposing that the government of the United
States may be induced by inadequate causes, to overstep the lines of
the neutrality which'it professes to maintain.
Before I left Washington, Gen. Gaines intimated to the department
of war, that some indications of hostilities from the Indians on our west-
ern frontier had been made; and that, if it became necessary, he should
make a call for the militia. He had also informed the department of his
ill health, and asked for a furlough, to enable him to visit the white sul-
phur springs. I -directed the Secretary of War to grant him the fur-
lough and to inform him of the apportionment which had been made of the
10,000.militia under the recent volunteer act, and if the emergency
shoukTarise which would make it necessary to increase the force under
his command, that a thousand volunteers in Arkansas and another in
Missouri, raised agreeable to tins act, would be enrolled and held ready
for the service.
J This force, aided by the portions of the Dragoon Regiments that
would be stationed in that quarter and those of the regular army al-
ready they were deemed amply sufficient for the protection of the fron-
tier near the Indians referred to. There are no reasons set forth in the
requisition which the general has since made upon you, to justify the
helief that the force above enumerated will not be sufficient, and Icannot
therefore sanction it at the present time. To sanction the reasons
which accompany it, would warrant the belief that it was done to aid
Texas, and not from a desire to prevent an infringement of our territo-
rial or national rights.
I deeply regret that the Tennessee volunteers, whose prowess and
patriotism are displayed so proniptly on all occasions that threaten the
peace or safety of their beloved country, have been called out on this
occasion without proper consideration. They can for the present only
. be mustered into the service and discharged. If there are funds ap-
W propriated out of which they can be paid an order to this effect will be
The ten thousand volunteers authorized under the late act of con-
gress, are intended for one year's service, and must be employed to
meet all necessary calls for the defence of our frontier borders. Should
the occasion arise for a greater number on the western frontier, the call
will be made on Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, and Illinois. There is,
however, no information to justify the apprehension of hostilities to any
serious extent from the western Indians. Should a necessity arise, the
volunteer brigade from east Tennessee, will be ordered to the western
frontier, as soon as their service can be dispensed with where they are
I would barely add further, that the authority given you by the or-
der of the 4th May, having been satisfied, by yielding to the requisition
of Gen. Gaines, a new authority from the department of war, was ne-
cessary to authorize you to comply with that of the 28th June.
The government of the United Stales having adopted, in regard to
Mexico and Texas, the same rule of neutrality which had been observed
in all similar cases before, it was not to have been expected that Gen.
Gaines should have based his requisition for additional military force,
on reasons plainly inconsistent with the obligations of that rule. Should
Mexico insult our national flag, invade our territory, or interrupt our
citizens in the lawful pursuits which arc guaranteed to them by the
For the Invincible you have charged 12i per cent.' advance
oil cost. For the Liberty you charged 2 per cent, commission.
The San Felipe is on the appraisement of persons selected for
Answer 2. For cash advanced you have charged 2 per
cent, with interest. For the cost of the Invinrihlp. irrliX,a
uuimutuu iu ilium uy mu .. tij- Ainnin r-. i " "i r """"1
treat then the government will promptly repel the insult, and take , . ,$r!jDld u vou flave charged 12 per cent. For
speedy reparation for the injury. But it does not seem that offences of jtne cosu 0I luu Muskets, purchased in Baltimore, $3,476 28,
mis cnaracter nave Deen committed by iuexico, or were believed to
have been by Gen. Gaines.
I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
His Excellency, N. Cannon,
Governor of Tennessee.
P. S. Before closing this letter, the documents referred to by the
acting Secretary of War as having been transmitted to me, have been
War Department, July 25th, 1836.
Sir Major General Gaines has apprised this depaitment that he
has made a requisition on your excellency for a regiment of mounted
gunmen, for the service of the United States.
Copies of the despatches received from general Gaines have been
transmitted to the president of the United States, who will issue such
orders upon them as he may think circumstances require. Meantime
I have the honor to inform you that in order to prevent any inconveni-
ence of delay, in the event of the confirmation of Gen. Gaines' requi-
sition by the president, a disbursing officer will be ordered to proceed
to the state of Tennessee with the necessary funds.
Your obedient servant,
C. A. HARRIS,
Acting Secretary of War.
His Excellency, Newton Cannon,
Governor of Tennessee.
Quintana, 5th September, 1836.
To the Editors of the Telegraph:
Sirs, Imputations having been made, by the former agents
of Texas, against us, in relation to our transactions with the
government, it being a matter in which all citizens are inter
ested, so far as seeing the government fairly dealt with, we re-
quest that you will insert our letter to the auditor and comptrol-
ler of public accounts of Texas, and their report thereon, which
will, we hope, he sufficient to correct any misconceptions which
have hecn formed on that subject. It may also he well to state
here, that the 10,000 for which we had a check on the hank,
has been hung up by injunction, and procured hy bonding the
amount to the bank; and the 1,000 note donations from Bal-
timore we have not heard from. We have only received, clear
of embarrassment, 6,750.
McKINNEY & WILLIAMS.
Quintana, 10th August, 1836.
To Major Asa Brigham, Auditor, and H. C. Hudson, Comp-
troller of the Republic of Texas:
Gentlemen We have just seen a pamphlet published by
Mr. Bryan and others, formerly 'agents of Texas, in which heav
en and the authors only know why, or lor what object, we are
attempted to be impeached.
For the clamorous complaints, which are but too common
in Texa, we care notonc copper; nor aro wo ambitions of bc-
commg conspicuous oy writing a dook or maiung puoncauons.
But presuming those gentlemen wish to effect something from
the pains they seem to use in propagating what we conceive to
be falsehood, and knowing that a statement of facts deducible
from documents in your office will place the matter in its true
light, and knowing your devotion to truth and justice, we hope
under these circumstances, you will not withhold from us such
1. Will you be pleased to state the amount of our accounts
against the government of Texas for vessels, and what profits
we have made on them, and how we have been paid.
2. Will you state what commissions have been charged by
us, and what by the writers of the book referred to.
3. Will you state what amount of supplies, munitions of
war, &c, have been furnished the government by us, and what
profits we have made on them, and how we have been paid.
4. Will you please slate whether our profits charged in our
account against the government, after paying freight and char-
ges, amount to more than the commissions charged by those gen-
tlemen for supplies furnished by them, and bought on the credit
and responsibility of the government.
5. Will you state, on an average, whether the munitions of
war, &c. furnished by us, with our own means, liave cost more
than "those furnished by those gentlemen as agents of Texas?
6. Will you state whether the supplies brought by us were
brought at our own risk or that of the government, and at whose
risk those furnished by those gentlemen?
7. Will you state what has been charged by us for the
transportation of volunteers from New-Orleans to Texas, and
what by those gentlemen?
8. Will you state whether we have, in any instance, at-
tempted to defraud, or extort from the government, and if so
expose it fully?
9. Will you please state what are our advances to Texas
from the beginning of the war, up to the retreat of the Mexican j
army from lexas?
10. Will you please state what those gentlemen are in cash
advances to Texas, up to this date, exclusive of their commis-
sions? 11. Will you please state what is the amount of commis-
sions charged by them for services rendered Texas, and what
12. Will you please state how we have been paid our ad-
vances to the government?
Your compliance will be very thankfully acknowledged by
your friend and servant,
THOMAS F. McKINNEY,
For McKINNEY & WILLIAMS.
Mr. Tiiomas F. McKinney:
Sir In answer to your communication of the 10th insant,
we would state that the books and accounts in our office are at
all times open to the inspection of any individual, and that we
feel bound to answer any questions respecting them. Below
you have the answers to your several inquiries, so far as they
can be collected from the papers of our offices.
Answer to question 1,
For Invincible, -
For Liberty, --".""
For San Felipe, including ireiglit on
board when taken, - - - S,965 00
you have charged 20 per cent. For S937 50 worth of-Ordi
nance and ammunition, purchased in New-York, you have
charged 20 per cent.
Mr. Hall has charged, as purchasing agent, 5 per cent.
Mr. Bryan has charged 2i per cent, on cash disbursed by
him, and 5 per cent, for accepting, as government agent, drafts
drawn on him by the purchasing agent.
Answer 3. The amount of supplies, munitions, &c. furnished
by you is 30,436 48. We have no means of knowing your
profits except where you have charged commissions, which are
Answer 4. Not knowihg your profits, of course we can
make no comparison.
Answer 5. This question, can only be answered by estima-
ting the expense of transportation, risk, &c. which any person
is as competent to perform as we are;
Answer G. The supplies furnished byyou havebeen brought
at your risk. All supplies purchased by the agents in New Or-
leans are brought at the risk of the government.
Answer 7. In some cases you have charged 5 and in others
7 dollars each.
The agents in New Orleans have paid 10 dollars each.
Answer 8. We know of no such attempts.
Answer 9. The whole amount- of your accounts presented,
for cash advanced, for munitions and supplies, and for transpor-
tation of troops and stores, together with commissions, &c. is
Answer 10. Deducting the commissions of Messrs. Hall &
Bryan, which are charged in their cash account, there is a small
balance in favor of the government.
Answer 11. The amount of commissions charged by
Messrs. Bryan & Hall, is 7,769 38.
The amount of commissions charged by you is 2.853 54
Answer 12. You have received
Cash of Gen. John T. Mason, - - - 1,000 00
" Jas. Morgan, 500 00
Cash donations, ------ 25fj 00
Two notes of 500 each, donations from
Baltimore, 1,000 00
Draft on Samuel St. John, 5,000 00
Check on the Bank of Orleans, - - - 10,000 00
The balance of your account has been paid in Treasury
orders, of which 41,639 09 draws interest.
Respectfully, yours, &c,
A. BRIGHAM, Auditor.
H. C. HUDSON, Comptroller. '
At Quintana, the 5th instant, Captain Wm. Sergeant, of the Yellow Stone.
At Kokerouts, San Jacinto Bay, the 11th ult. Col. Edward Harcourt,
Tcxian Army and a native of Germany, who commanded the Artillery of 2a-
"ilci.i, lien Santa Anna iiitadcdihut Str.tr..
At Coleto, 18th ult.Erasha Daniel, of WavneCo. Tcnn. and aVnlnnfrin
Captain Reed's Company, General Green's Brigade. Tennessee papers are re-
quested to copy this.
At Velasco, Jlst ult. L. I . Tease, of Connecticut.
At Velasco, 2 2d u!t. Dr. Johnson Holcomb, of Lambertville. or Allentown.N. J.
New Jersej' papers will copy this.
At Columbia, 10th instant, George Hamilton, Printer, and a a olunteer, who
arrived in this country ou the Mettcu amkeg, his friends reside in the "Western
part of Pennsylvania. Philadelphia papers are requested to copy this. The
fnends of the deceased arc requested to applv at the Office of this Paper, for
information respecting his Estate.
Un the lth ult. Alexander Hodge, Esq. aged 70 years.
COLUMBIA, SEPTEMBER 13, 1836.
At the West Point of Galveston, 8th instant, American schr Flora, Captain
Appleman, from New Orleans, urith 75 volunteers for the Army, and a cargo of
mdse. consigned to W. C. White & Co. of Marion. This vessel ran aground
off the said Point, and will probably become a wreck : the cargo, which was
valuable, itis stated, will be -very much damaged.
Departures. On the ath the 1 cxian sloop Colonel Knight, lrom vciasco lor
Galveston, Captain J. M. Allen, and other passengers. Captain A. left to join
his vessel (the Texian armed schr. Teriiblo) at this Island, and from thence on a .
cruize, ant reports that he spoke on the 12th ult. the Independence off the N.
E. Pass of the Mississippi, Balize, bound on a cruize to Campeachy, and from
thence to Mctamoro, to wait lor the Jimncibie, tnen lymgat ancnor on tne
S. W. Pass or that rher: the Terrible exchanged signals with the Invincible
on the 17th ult. From Marion, the 8th" instant, steamboat Yellow Stone, with
cotton for the Tcxian schr. Colonel Fanmn, lying at Brazoria, ready to pro
ceed to New Orleans. The Col. Fanmn is to he put into the regular trade be
tween this Kicr and New Orleans, she has superior accommodations for pas
sengers, and her Captain, H. Livingston Thompson, is well knowiuor his oblig-
ing disposition and attention. We would therefore recommend him to public
On the 5th inst., steamboat Yellow Stone, and the schooner, late thePassaic,
for Linn's Lauding, sailed with volunteers and supplies for the army.
OTICE . The holders of a Note, payable six: months after datedrawn the-o-wii
Dnrrmlir.r. 1S35. in favor of Samuel Farmer, or order, for fifty dol
lars, will please present them to Geo. B. McKinslry of this place, who is autho-
rized to settle it. JEREMIAH DWYER .
Columbia, 13th September, 1836. sept 13-29 3t
LAND FOR SALE. Se eral Tracts ot .Land lor sale, situated on tne Ber-
nard, Linnsville'sBajou, Cancy,andheadof Bay Prairie, on one of which
there i a good impro ement. Apply at the Office of the Telegraph.
Columbia, September 12, 1S36. sept lJ-iitf at
THE Subscribers offer for sale at New Orleans prices, the cargo of the prize
Felucca, Matilda, consisting of 6 bales 4-1 brown Domestics, 3 bales 4-4
fine white Shirting, 80,000 half Spanish Cigars, 120 sacks Mexican Corn, 50 ps.
Scotch Ginghams. McKINNEY & WILLIAMS.
Quintana, September 6, 1836.
sept 13-29 3t
THE undersigned loaned some time time in March last, to Captain Stanley,
a double barrel gun of German manufacture, of the following description.
The barrels were about three feet long, and squared on the outside; one barrel
rilled the other smooth. The locks were on the percussion principle and of pe-
culiar construction, having in front of the tube something similar to the cock,
or hammer, which shuts with a spring over the tube, as a defence against ac-
cidental explosion of the cap; the stock mounted with German silver, having
iron rings, or loops, for strap, by which to sling it. I understand said gun was
taken fromGaheston Island by an officer of Marines, and probably left at Ve-
lasco. Any information concerning said gun will be thankfully received; and
any one delivering it to the subscriber, or leaving it where he can get it, shall
be paid for his trouble, or any reasonaoie expense ne may ua ui iu uui,uiui 1..
jjinerty, cept. u. vj-i
R. O.P. KELTON, has located at Columbia, where he will attend to the
duties of his Profession. , Sept 6 28-tf
ALL persons having claims against the late firm of Baker & Boidens, will
present them for settlement; and early payment is requested of accounts
due the same.
August 22. 26-3t-
" STRAYED OK STOIiEN,
FROM the plantation of L. S. McNiel, a SORREL HORSE,
about 11 hands and a half high, 7 or 8 years old, both hind feet
liite, and a small star in Ins lace, and is a naiurui p.iuui.
neersaw him trot under the saddle, and his eye is a little
...?a- A Khirnl muard will be eiven for the delivery of the
Hor-eto the plantation of W.H. Bynum, whereat 1 shall be tonna.
Aug 30 fit1 -
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G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836, newspaper, September 13, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47886/m1/3/: accessed May 26, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.