Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836 Page: 4 of 4
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From the Philadelphia Saturday Courier.
The following beautiful song is furnished for the Satubday Courier
- by an esteemed correspondent, who says he cut it from an Irish paper,
printed at the close of the American Revolution; sixty years ago !
ODE TO. COLUMBIA.
Columbia shores are wild and wide,
Columbia's hills are high,
And rudely planted side by side,
Her forests meet the eye.
' Yet narrow must those shores be made.
And low Columbia's bills,
And low her ancient forest laid,
E'er Freedom leaves her fields,
For 'tis the spot where rude and wild,
She play'd her gambols when a child.
The breeze that waves the mountain pine
Is fragrant and serene,
And never clearer sun did shine
Than lights her rallies green ;
i , Yet putrid must those breezes blowr
That sua must set in gore,
E'er footsteps oFtr-fbreigrr-fber
Imprint Columbia's shore.
For oh I Columbia's sons are tkebt
Their hearts beat high with Liberty"..
Though deep and wide her streams that fbr
Impetuous to the tide,
And thick and green her laurels grow
On every river's side,
Yet should some transatlantic host
Pollute her waters fair,
They'll meet them on, the rocky coast,
Aid gather laurels there-
For oh I Columbia's sons' are-Brave,
And free as ocean's wildest wave.
For arming-boldest cuirassier,
TheyVe mines of sterling worth,
For sword and buckler, spur and spear,. ;
EmbowePd in the eanh.
And eTre Columbia son's resign
That boon their father's won,
The polish'd ore from every mine,
Shall glitter in the sun.
For bright the blade and sharp the spear-
Which Freedom's sons to battle bear-
Let Britain boast the deeds she's done,
Display her trophies bright,
And count her laurels bravely won.
In well contested fight.
Columbia can array a band
To wrest that laurel wreath,
-fe With keener eye and steadier hand
To strike the blow of death
For whether on the land or sea,
Columbia's fight is victory.
it raj duty to take measures forthwith, to raise and forward the
ongaae OI volunteers uc requucs as speeuii as jjudbiuig, uaiu.
feel very little doubt, that however in auspicious the season of
the year may he, when our young men are generally closely
engaged in their crops, as well as tne norses, Dut in a lew days,
or two weeks at furthest, there will he assembled here or at
such point as may be designated, a respectably mounted force,
if Jiot the whole brigade required, as the feelings of the people
seem to be alive to their duty ot entering the service ol tne U .
States, as required by this communication, which I have hasten-
ed to lay before you, as well as to inform you of the course I am
pursuing, in order that it may he submitted to the President of
the United States, and his views ascertained as speedily as may
be convenient in relation thereto. Despatch seems to he im-
portant, and the mode and means of transporting these volun-
teers to Natchitoches", the head-quarters of Gen. Gaines, is a
matter, it seems to me, worthy of some consideration. By wa-
ter, with the aid of steam-boats, to tow a certain number of flat-
boats, necessary to carry the horses, I have thought would he
most expeditious. In the event the Cumberland should he too
low, they should embark at Randolph or Memphis, and go as
far up Red River as to enable them to ohtain a land passage to
their destination. At this time the Mississippi is unusually high,
so as to inundate a large portion of the country on the west side,
which circumstance renders a passage by land very difficult.
Hence at present I am inclined to the opinion thaj; their trans-
portation "by water should he preferred. I have required the
volunteers to engage in the service for the period of six months,
unless sooner discharged. To furnish themselves with horses
and clothing, each company to elect their own officers. Each
regiment its colonels and majors, and the hrigade, in the event
a whole brigade should assemble, to eleclt their brigadier gener-
al. It is expected that these volunteers will offer themselves,
and he received from every section of the state, from east to west.
Hence some expenses must he incurred in embodying them be-
fore they leave the state, as well as transporting them to the
head quarters of Gen. Gaines. In relation to which, as well as
other matters touchingthe requisition made by the commanding
general on me, and the course which I am now earnestly pursu-
ing for the purpose of promoting the service of our country, I
shall feel much anxiety (to learn, as fully as practicable, the
views of your Department of the General Government; also the
course required of me, in furnishing the transportation and sub-
sistence to said volunteers that will be necessary, to any given
point, or their destination, as you may deem expedient.
With great respect and esteem,
I have honor to be,
Your ohedient servant,
The Hon. Lewis Cass, Secretary of War.
Whereas it has been reported to mc that many abuses have been
practised by persons having, or pretending to have, authority to press
into the public service, horses and other property belonging to private
And whereas it is known that some evil disposed and unprincipled
men, have alleged such authority to have been given to them by the
Government, when no such authority was given, and have fraudulently
possessed themselves of the private property of citizens, and appro-
priated it to their own use, under the sinister pretence of serving the
And whereas the right to press private property for the public
good, is the result of an extraordinary power, which ought to be exer-
cised only in emergency, and with great prudence and circumspection,
and should be committed only to responsible and discreet persons:
Therefore I, David G. Burnet, President of the Republic of Texas,
by and with the advice and consent of the Cabinet, have ordered and
decreed, and by this public act do order and decree that no military
officer except the commander-in-chief of the army, and no other person
whatsoever, except the heads of the several departments of the govern-
ment, has, or ought to exercise or depute to others the right to press,
or in any wise compel into the public service, any horse, mule or other
property whatsoever, belonging to any citizen or citizens, or any indi
vidual whatsoever, unless such officer or person shall exhibit a written
authority from the commander-in-chief of the army, or from one of the
heads of the departments of this government. And any officer or
other person, who shall press or forcibly take into his possession and
carry away, on any pretence whatsoever, any horse, mule or other
property belonging to any citizen or private individual without such
authority, shall be deemed guilty of a felonious taking and converting
to his own use, of such horse, mule or other property, and shall be
holden responsible for the full value of the same, and shall be further
amenable in a criminal prosecution for such felonious taking and con-
version. And all officers so authorised as above, are hereby enjoined to
observe great caution and a sound discretion in deputing this invidious
power of impressment to any person or persons, and never to resort to
it, unless an actual emergency shall render it necessary for the pub-
lic good, when all good citizens will cheerfully acquiesce in its exer-
cise. Done at Velosco this twelfth day of July, A. D. 1836, and of
Independence of the Republic of Texas the First.
(Signed) DAVID G. BURNET.
May, 9, 1836.
Sir : I have received a letter from the Governor of Tennes-
see, in which he states that he has taken measures to call out
the force required by you. He also states that he will call
upon the volunteers to serve for six months unless sooner dis-
charged. This course is correct upon the presumption that he
will he able to ohtain all the force required without resorting to
Jcaughtins. J3ut .should not volunteers-enough-he ohiainedLso
that a call must be made upon the ordinary militia, the term for
which they may he required to serve is restricted by law to three
months. I have also written to the Governors of the other
6tates upon whom you are authorized to make requisitions, ad-
vising them of this view.
The quarter-master general has also been instructed to direct
proper officers of his department to report to the several Gov-
ernors upon whom you have made requisitions, in order to pro-
vide the necessary means for facilitating the movement of the
Your obedient servant,
Major Gen. Gaines,
Fort Jesup, Louisiana.
Let France in blood through Europe wade,
And in her frantic mood.
In civil discord draw the blade
To drink her children's blood,
Too dear the skill in arms is bought,
Where kindred life-blood flows,
Columbia's sons are only taught
To triumph o'er their foes.
And then to comfort, soothe and save,
The feelings of a conquer'd brave. c
Then let Columbia's eaglet soar,
And bear her banner high,
With thunder in her dexter power,
And lightning in her eye,
And when she sees from realms above.
The storms of war have spent,
Descending like a meek ey'd dove,
The olive branch present.
Then shall beauty's hand divine,
The never withering wreath entwine.
" CORRESPONDENCE BETWEEN THE U. S. AND MEXICO.
May 4, 1836.
Sir : Major General Gaines, to whom the command of the
western border of Louisiana has been assigned, has notified this funds, and will make all arangements for facilitating the move-
Department that he has called upon your Eexcellency for aiments of the troops.
brigade of militia, the whole, or as many of them as practicable, Such instructions as are required to guide them in the per-
to be mounted. formance of their duties, so as to insure economy in the expendi-
I am instructed by the President to request your Excellency tures and regularity in the settlement of the accounts, will he
iu .a.u. iulu me aervice oi tae umteu states, tne number of mili-
tia which have heen or may be required by Gen. Gaines, to
serve not less than three months after their arrival at their place
ui reuuesvuus, uuiess sooner discnarged.
The quarter-master general will select four officers, one of
whom will report in person to the governor of Tennessee, an-
other to the governor of Mississippi, another to the governor of
Alabama, and another to the governor of Louisiana.
The quarter-master general will examine the letters this day
sent to the governors of these states, and give his direction ac
cordingly. Ihese omcers will be provided with the necessary
Your most obedient servant,
His Excellency N. Cannon,
Governor of Tennessee, 'Nashville Tennessee.
May 4, 1836.
Sir : Major Gen. Gaines, to whom the command of the west-
ern border of Louisiana has been assigned, has notified this De-
partment that he has called upon your Excellency for a battal-
lion of militia, the whole, or as many of them as practicable, to
I am instructed by the President to request your Excellency
to call into the service of the United States the number of mili-
tia which have been, or may be, required by Gen. Gaines, to
serve less not than three months after their arrival at their
place of rendezvous, unless sooner discharged.
Your most obedient servant,
. .v LEWIS CASS.
His Excellency C. C. Clay,
Governor of Alabama, Tuscaloosa Alabama.
Nashville, April 28, 1836.
Sir : The enclosed is a copy of a communication which I have
just received from Gen. E. P. Gaines, who holds the command
of the western division of the United States, And I have felt
given hy the quarter-master general.
Department of War, May 9, 1836.
War Department, May, 1836.
Sir : I have requested the quarter-master general to direct an
officer of his department to report to your Excellency, for the
purpose of making the necessary arrangements for the embody-
ing and the movement of the forces called for by Major Gener-
al Gaines, in his letter to you of ultimo, which call was ap-
proved, hy the direction of the President, in my letter of the 4th
This officer will he provided with whatever funds may be re-
quired in the performance of his duties. Should you find it ne-
cessary to resort to draughting, in order to complete the quota
required, I presume that, agreeably to the provisions of the act
of February 28, 1795, the term of service of the troops thus cal-
led out cannot he extended beyond three months, and this is the
Vterm stated in my letter to vou of the 4th inst. When, how
ever, the numbers are supplied hy volunteers, I am not aware
that there is any legal objection to their term of service reach-
ing six months. And this arrangement is certainly more effi-
cient and economical for the United States, and meets the ap-
probation of the President.
You will be pleased, therefore, to have the volunteers enga-
ged for the term of six months, unless sooner discharged. But
if there should be any insuperable objection to this arrangement,
they must he accepted for three months after their arrival at the
place of rendezvous ; with the right, however, to discharge them
at anr time previously.
Very respectfully, your obedient servant,
His Excellency C. C. Clay, LEWIS CASS.
Governor of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama.
HEAD QUARTERS, COLETOJ
August 1st, 1836. J
I SHALL require of every Surgeon and Assistant Surgeon, perrorming the
duties of Surgeon, quarterly reports of sick, with such remarks as may be
necessary to explain the nature of the disease of the troops, the practice adopt-
ed, and the kinds of medicines and stores required, together vith a copy of en-
tries made for the quarter in the book kept for the diary of the weather, accom-
panied with suitable observations; also, it is reqrired of every Surgeon and
Assistant Surgeon, having charge of public property of any description for the
use of sick, duplicate semi-annual returns of the same, in form and manner pre-
scribed, and annual requisitions for the supplies required for each regiment,
hospital, post or garrison for the ensuing year.
I shall require from the'ofiicers of the Apothecary Department, duplicates
of all invoices of supplies put up for and delivered or forwarded to the several
Surgeons and Assistant Surgeons, and also returns of the set era articles pur-
chased, received and issued by them.
Aug. 23 A. EWING, Surgeon General, Texian Army.
OPPOSITE Mrs. Long's boarding house in Brazoria, offers for sale, on rea
Sugar, Coffee and Tea, of superior
Muscat, Madeira, SKerryaud Claret
wines in boxes.
Malaga and Teneriffe wines.
Brandy, Gin and Whiskey.
Assorted Pickles and Sweetmeats.
Sardinias, Prunes, Raisins and dried
August 23, 183G.
Flour and Butter-Crackers.
Segars, Soap and Candles.
Table Salt, Mustard and Letter Paper
Hats, Shoes and Tobacco.
Fresh dried Corn Meal and Porter.
An assortment of Clothing, domestic
goods, &c, &c.
THE subscriber having been appointed administrator of the succession of
THEODORE LENTNER, deceased, hereby notifies all persons indebted
to said succession to make payment, and all those Laving claims against said
estate, will present the same within the time prescribed by law.
EDMUND ANDREWS, Administrator.
Brazoria, July 23. 183G. 3 mo Aug. 9
OR STOLEN from the subscriber, at Columbia, about the 'ist
of July, an American Bay Mare, about 8 years old, fourteen
and a half hands high; branded D. C. on the left shoulder. A.
liberal compensation will be riven on delivery to THO. H. BORDEN, Colum-
bia, or to " ABNER ECKOL, Fort Settlement.
August 22. 26-3t.
SITUATED at the head of navigation, on the West bank of Buffalo Bayou,
is now for the first time brought to public notice because, until now, the
proprietors were not ready to offer it to tne public, with the advantages of cap-
ital and improvements.
The town of Houston is located at a point on the river which must ever
command the trade of the largest and richest portion of Texas. By reference
to the map, it will be seen that the trade of San Jacinto, Spring Creek, New
Kentucky and the Brazos, abov e and below Fort Bend, must necessarily come
to this place, and will at this time warrant the employment of at least One.
Million Dollars of capital, and when the rich lands of this country shall be
settled, a trade will flow to it, making it, beyond all doubt, the great inte-
rior commercial emporium of Texas.
The town of Houston is distant 15 miles from the Brazos river, 30 miles, a
little North of East, from San Felippe, GO miles from "Washington, 40 miles
from Lake Creek, 30 miles South West from New Kentucky, and 15 miles by
water and 8 or 10 by land above Ilarrisburg. Tide water runs to this place
and the lowest depth of water is about six feet. Vessels from New Orleans or
New York can sail without obstacle to this place, and steamboats of the larg-
est class can rundown to Galveston Island in 8 or 10 hours, in all seasons of
the ear. It is but a few hours sail down the bay, where one may take an ex-
cursion of pleasure and enjoy the luxuries offish, fowl, oysters and seabathing.
Galveston harbor being the only one in which vessels drawing a large draft of
water can navigate, must necessarily render the Island the great naval and
commercial depot of the country.
The town of Houston must be the place where arms, amunitions and provi-
sions for the government will be stored, because, situated in the very heart of
the countrj', it combines security and the means of easy distribution, and a na-
tional armory will no doubt very soon be established at this point.
There is no place in Texas more healthy, having an abundance of excel-
lent spring water, and enjoying the sea breeze in all its freshness. No place in
Texas possesses so many advantages for building, having Pine, Ash, Cedar and
Oak in inexhaustible quantities; also the tall and beautiful Magnolia grows in
abundance. In the vicinity are fine quarries of stone.
Nature appears to have designated this place for the future seat of Govern-
ment. It is handsome and beautifully elevated, salubrious and well watered,
and now in the very heart or centre of population, and will be so for a length
of time to come. It combines two important advantages: a communication
with the coast and foreign countries, and with the different portions of the Re
public. As the country shall improve, rail roads will become in use, and will
be extended from this point to the Brazos, and up the same, also from this up to
the head waters of San Jacinto, embracing that rich country, and in a few
vears the whole trade of the upper Brazos will make its way into Galveston
Bay through this channel.
Preparations are now making to erect a water Saw Mill, and a large Pub-
lic House for accommodation, will sqpn be opened. Steamboats now run in
this river, and will in a short time commence running regularly to the Island.
The proprietors offer the lots for sale on moderate terms to those who desire
to improve them, and invite the public to examine for themselves.
A. C. ALLEN, for
A. C. &, J. K. ALLEN.
The Commercial Bulletin, of New Orlcan, Mobile Advertiser, the Globe,
at Waehins;toii, Morning Courier and New York Enquirer, New York Herald,
and Louisville Public Advertiser are requested to make three insertions of this
adv ertieeinent, and forward their bills to this office for payment.
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G.& T.H. Borden. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 29, Ed. 1, Tuesday, September 13, 1836, newspaper, September 13, 1836; Columbia, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47886/m1/4/: accessed May 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.