Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 12, Ed. 1, Tuesday, March 28, 1837 Page: 1 of 4
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WE LABOR FOR OUR COUNTRY.
PUBLISHED BY BORDEN & MOORE J
- PUBLIC PRINTERS. j
COILUMBlA, TUESDAY, MARCH 2, 1887.
TERMS, $5 PER ANNLN ADVANJDE
ADVERTISING, USUAL PRICES
W B TEXAS RECJ-ISTI2M
BELATIYE TO THE POLITICAL COXDlTIOr orTEXAS, DUKESG THE COHMEJCCE-
3EEIST OF THE WAH.
Committee-room, San Felipe de Austin, October 8, 1835 J
Twelve o 'clock at night.)
The committee of safety for the jurisdiction of Austin, in conjunc-
torn with other committees in different parts of the country, say to their
fellow citizens: that
The time has now arrived when it behoves every friend to his
country to be up and doing. Intelligence of the most interesting and
important character has just reached this committee from the canip of
our conntrymen. Colonel Ugartechea is on his march from Bejar
with 500 men,Jtoj3vernin ougjgountry. They come, to, make us yiekl
en unconditional anutsiayish-anbmission to n mThtarynnurnnhnr. ,1 nev
come to fasten down upon our "necks the yoke, and'to rivet upon our
hands the manacles of a military servitude. Gonzales is. doomed to the
awordand the flame. Colorado will next be the theatre of blood and
rapine then the Brazos till every spot of our rich and fertile country
shall present to the eye but one wide scene of devastation, and we)' the
rightful proprietors, be driven from the soil which we have reclaimed by
" our toils and sufferings, from a savage wilderness, and which we have
made valuable by our labor and hardy enterprise. Shall we give up
without a struggle, the fruits of so mmy yean of danger, dimculy and
. unparalleled suffering? Shall we surrender our country and our homes
jvto a military usurpation? Are we willing to forego all the advantages
Hueld out to us as the recompense ef the most daring enterprise? Cm
we Jet a military despot reap the harvest after we hove sown the seeds?
This committee are ready to answer for their countrymen; and they
.answer by calling upon them to come, and come quickly, to the as? is-
tancc oftheir friends, their neighbors, and their brothers, three hundred
of whom are already in the field colonel Austin is with them. These
have to contend with the whole of the Mexican army,1 but they will con
tend bravely; they will dispute every inch of ground with their inva-
ders until the expected aid shall arrive.
GAIL BORDEN, jr. )
WM. PETTIS, Members of the com. of Austin.
JNO. H. MONEY, )
R. R. ROYALL, Member from Matagorda.
. txu ISAAC BATTERSON, Member from Harrisburg.
Mc. SPEECH OF COLONEL AUSTIN.
yyQe&ered on the Blh of September, 1835, at a public dinner in
wrjm? "? ?zz: ;:", J " : t - . .
ifctannot refrain from returning my unfeigned thanks for the flat-
dntiments with whicalhave just beenhonorcd, nor have I words
tBi&r mv .satisfactioif.'On. TefurnmoTtothis mv more than native
7,fPr$ le" , - .. ' , Jr t. .' f. .aJS'. , . . .
"copntrjgpana meeting so-nunypi my inenas ana companions in us set-
tlement , "hm. ) r"
Jjl IefT Texas in Aprilp18j!3, as the public agent of the people, for
"?mc1plirpJosTrof applying fondle admission of this country into the Mcxi-
can comeaerauan as a state separate irom uoanuua. x nis application
oasea upontne consuiuiionai ana vcsieu rjgnis oi x exas, ana was
IMjf"-by;,me in the city of Mexico to the utmost of my abilities. No
,raeans "were spared to effect the objects of my mission, and to
forming oF 1 exas into a tcrrritory, which was attempted. 1
cred to the instructions and wishes of mv constituents, soTfar
'were communicated to me. My efforts to serve Texasinvolved
i. laDynnui or mexican pontics : 1 was arrestea, ana nave sui-
ng persecution and imprisonment. Tcb1asi3erat-iQ.Be maTur
Ive'an account of these events to mr'ctmstitueafs, and wiiFtbere-
riV (Hfetime merelv observe "ChStThave never.'in anr7xnanner. a-
gedsanytningv or 'idmitfed any thing, lhat,w6uld compromise "the
uuuauuuuuiit ur vEsieuTiguia ui ijutiis .xjiuii&jguia ueiuug iu uie
,. , people, Tind can cnl'ba surrendered by- them. "
1 fully hoped to have found Texas at peace and in tranquility, but
regret to find it in commotion; all disorganized, all hi anarchy, and
threatened with immediate hostilities. This state of things is deephr
to be lamented-: it is a great misfortune, but it is one which has not been
produced by any acts of the people of this country: on the contrary, it
is the inutualand inevitable consequence of the revolution that has
spfead all over Mexico, and of the imprudent and impolitic measures of
both the general and state governments, with respect to iexas. lhe
people here are not to blame, and cannot be justly censured. Jr They arc
farmers, cultivators of the soil, and are pacific from interest, from occu-
pation, and from inclination. They have uniformly endeavored to sus
tain the constitution and the public peace b' pacific means, and have ne-
Ter deviated from their duty as Mexican citizens, if any acts ol im-
prudence have been committed by individuals, they evidently resulted
from the revolutionary state of the whole nation, the imprudent and
censurable conduct of the state authorities, and the total want of a local
government in Texas. It is, indeed, a source of surprise and creditable
congratulation, that so few actsf this description have occurred unddr
fthe peculiar circumstances of the times. It is, however, to beremem-
herediat acts of this nature were not the acts of the people, nor is
YTexas.responsible for themu They werCi as I before observed,lhe na- J
turai consequences ot toe revolutionary state oi tne Mexican nation;
and Texas certainly did ndt originate that revolution, neither liave the
people, as a people, participated in it. The consciences and -hands of
she Toxians arc free from" censure and clean.
The revolution in Mexico is drawing to a close. The object is to
change the form of "overamepdestroy the federal conctitution of 1824,
and establisa-a central or consolidated government. The states are to
bo converted into provea-
Whether'the nrqib of "Texas ought or ought not to agree to this
,. changa,andrelinjjaishallorapartof their constitutional and vested rights
rigder-tho constff ution of 1824, is a question of the most vital importance ;
OBe-tfiatxillsfor lbe deliberate conf-idemtion of the people, and ennon-
jWbe.dsdd;! by tiiem, fairlv" convened for the purpose. As a citizen
' jkjT'czzsibkvo a right to au opinion on go important a matter I have
- oliilmghtiand pretend to no other. In the report which I consider
it'my du!y tcpnike to my constituents, I intend to give my views on the
of Texas, acting for themselves as a unity, and not as a part of Coahui-
la, for the reason that the union with Coahuila was limited, and only
gave power to the state of Coahuila and Texas to govern Texas forjthe
time being, but alxcays subjectto the vested rights of Texas. The state,
therefore, cannot relinquish those vested rights, by agreeing to-the
change of government, or by any other act, unless expressly author-
ized by the people of Texas to do so; neither can the general govern-
ment)spf Mexico?legallytdeprive Texas of th'em without theccnsent of
mis peopie. i nese are my opinions.
An important question now presents itself to the people of this coun-
try. The federal constitution of 1824 is about to be destroyed, Ihe'sys-
tem of government chanced, and a central or? consolidated one estabr
lished. Will this act annihilate all the rights ofrTexaiVand subjecfrlhis
wuuui tv WW wVtfnvnpt linn lllllilliucumumuuu ui lAia A1W1T guiwiu-
This is a subject of the most Vital importance. I hae no doubt the
federal constitution will be destroyed, and a, central government estab-
ished, and thaMhe people will soon be called upon to say whether they
agree to this change or not: This matter requires the most calm discus-
sion, the most mature deliberation nnd tho mostsperfect union. Plow
is this to be had? I see but one wav, and that is by a general consulta
tion of the people by means of delegates elected for that purpose, with
fill powers to give such an answer, in the name of Texas, Jo this ques-
tion, as they may deem best, and to adopt such measures 85 the tran-
quility and salvation of the country may require. ' 4j
It is my duty to state tfa it general Santa Anna verbally and ex
pressly authorized me to say to this people of Texas, that he was their
friend, tint he wished for their prosperity, and would do all he could to
promote it; and tlr.it, in the new constitution, he would use his influence
to give to the people of Texas a special organization suited to their edu
cation, habits, and situation. Several of the most intelligent and influ-
ential men in Mexico, and especially the Ministers of Relations and
War, expressed themselves in the same manner. These declarations
afford another and more urgent necessity for a general consultation of
all Texas, in order ta inform the general government, and especially
general Santa Anna, what kind of organization will suit the education,
habits, and situation oF this people.
It is also proper for me to statu that, in all my conversation with
the president and ministers and men of influence, I advised tint no troops
should be sent to Texas, and no cruisers along 'the coast. I give it as
my decided opinion, that the .inevitable consequence of sendiag an
armed force to this country would be war. 1 stated thnt therewas a
sound and correct moral principle in the people of Texas, that was a-
bundantly sufficient to restrain or put down all turbulent or seditious
movements, but that this moral principle could not, and would int unite
with any armed force sen against this country: on the contrary, it
would resist and repel it, and ought to do so. This point presents an
other strong reason why the people of Texas should meet in gener 1
consultation. This country is now in anarch-, threatened with hosti'i-
ties; armed vessels are capturing every thing they cm catch on the
coast, and acts of piracy are said to be committed under cover of the
Mexican flag. Can this state of things exist without precipitating the
country into a war? I think it cannot, nnd therefore believe that it is
our bounden and solemn duty as Mexicans, and as Texians, to repre
sent the evils that are likely to result from this mistaken and most im
politic policy in the military movements.
My-fnends, I can truly say that no one has been, or is now, more
anxious than myself to -keep, trouble away from this country. No. one,
1ia2-ben,.or now is more faitfiful to "his duty as, a Mexican citizen, and
no one uas pursuuauy saciircpp r.superea'morc-m.ine aiscnarge oi mis
duty. IJiave uniformly been opposed TivoanY thinar to do with the
family political quarrels of the Mexicans. Texas' needs peace, and a
logal government: its inhabitants are farmers, and they need a calm and,
quiet life. But how can I, or any one, remain indifferent, when oar
rights, our all, appear to be in jeopardy, and when it is our duty, as well
as our obligation as good Mexican citizens, to express our opinions on
the present state of things, and to represent our situption to the govern-
ment? It is impossible. The crisis is such as to bring it home to the
judgment of every man that something must be done, and that without
delay, lhe question will perhaps be askec,Ahat are we to do i 1
have already indicated my opinion. Let all personalities, or divisions,
or excitements, or passion, or violence, be banishedifrom among us. Let
a general consultation of the people of Texas be convened as speedily
as possible, to be composed of the best, and most calm, and intelligent,
and firm men in the country, and let-fliem decide what representations
ought to be made to the general government, and whatought to be done
With these explanatory remarks I will give as a toast. The conslty
lutional right3 and the security ana peace of i exas they ought to he
maintained; and jeopardized as they now are, they demand a general con-
sultation of Vie people. fc
and arrange a system of defence, and give organization TCa the .country
so as to produce concert. Untilsome competent authpriiyiis'established
toidirect,"all that can be done, is to recommend this subject to the people,
and to advise every man in Texas, to prepare for war, and lay aside alt
nope oi conciliation: , , s
A r S. F. AUSTIN, Chairman,
Snn T?Qmn. Qnnlnml, TO IfiOf; "
KU.11 J. Willi,, ULUlVlUUt,! J.V, iVJUU. JK
JU GonzdlesfSepiembe"r 25,1835.
TO THE COMMITTEE OF.S.AEETY QF MINA&ND- TO J. &
I am dircctea.by thecommittee ofsafeiv of "Gonzales to address
jruu iyr-inu purpose oi procuring lmmeaiaie assistanceto repel aneXr
pectedattackof-theen'emvTsf The circumstances wfiioh influence us fn
tBis mlasuTe'aretnese. .AidBmaniuTat the instance af colons! Urartfl-L
Ichea, has Heen made foraiebe oT cannon, which his been in this town
upwards-ot -tour years.. Ihis.cannon is'not needed in Bexar, for they
h'aVTe 18 pieces there, jtll unmounted besides those they have mounted;
this piece was given us unconditionally, as we are informed, for ihede-
fenco of this colony. From every circumstance, and from information,
we are justified in believing that this demand is only made to get a pre-
text to makeltsudden inroad and attsiafe upon this colony for marauding
and other porposes. " S ,
The alcalde, with the approbation of the people, has refused.to de-
liver up the emmn; and we are satisfied tint, as soon as coloneE'Ugar-
techea is informed qfjhe fact, he will immediately send a force against
this colony at leist, thinking us too Aveik to resist him. We, therefore
earnestly request you to send what.force you can collect immediately1
to our assistance. You need m ke no delay about provisions, for we
have plontyat your service. The time we think is most pressing and
the occasion mostWgent. In haste &c. By order'of the committee.
Signed G. W. DAVIS, '
San Felipe de Atislir.,fStcmbr29, l835v
The committee of the jurisdiction of Austin hasr received thejcom-
munication directed to the committee of safetr ofMina by youfi the
name of the people of Ganzilesunder dale of the 25th inst. stating" that
colonel Ugartcchci h".dcnde a. demand for the piece 'of cannon at that
place, and that the people, in a general meeting, had refused to give it
up. You state tint, "from every circumstance, and from information,
the people arc j ishfiadlin I dicing dial this demand is only made to get"
a pretext to m Jre a suJJcn mi 'Dad ?ni uttick upon that colon', for ma-
rauding an I other piro ?e?," in enseq 'ene f which thoscpeople re-
quest assistance ta aiJ :n roe' itigin a'.t ck, slnnfd one be made.
The present movemonts ui inj 02 ;:o of Texas are of a popular
and voluntary ch iractc-, in defoneo oi thiir conciliutional rights which
are threatened by mi itary invasion of an i:r.con.:titutional character
The pe .pie are acting on the deonbive; and, therefore, there cannot
be a doubt that it v.vs'cor-ect in the pooplo of Gonziles, under thifkprin-
ciple, to detain the piece of c nnon which was gi.'en tovthem By the au-
thorities of a constitutional government to defend themselves and-the
constitution if necessary. "
On this principle the people of this, and of every other section of
the country, so far as this committee is informed, are ready to ff3tat!a.
moment's warning to the defence of those pcogle"a3iould they be attack
ed. Companies of volunteershave- already marched, and more are in
readiness, should they be needed, to repel an attack.
This committee beg leave to suggest, that inasmuchas the position"
taken by the country up to the present time, is purely dcenre,itis ve
ry important to keep this principle constantly in view, and'to avoid mak-
ing attacks, unless they should be necessary, as a measure of defence.
. S. F. AUSTIN,
Jl Chairman of cert.
V-G, W. Davis, secretary of the committee of Gonzales.
; V g . .
A quaint?necdpte in legard to accic'enls has just fallen under, our
eye for which weaindebted to Poulson's Daily Advertiser.
The InngofErusaiafound that.his dragoons were getting falls from
their horses and broaliingjthcir limbs oftener than he thought was ne-
cessary. He therefofeissueU,arf order, declaring that if any man was
hurt by a fall from his horse, he should be whipped. No excuse was to
be received. It is a fact, that from the moment that the order begaritto
be" put in force these accidentsbecama Vjy. rarej
Noeody will steal years. Napoleon,jjBiis Italian campaign,
took a Hungarian battalion prisoners The comifel, -an old man, com
plained bitterly ot the urench mode ot ngntrnjby. fccaid desultory at-
liiiuKS uii tim
From thc-commitlce of safety of ths jurisdiction of Austin. '
Information of the most important and decisive character has just
been rcccivcdTrom Bexar from unquestionable authority, which, in the
opinion of this committee, calls for the prompt attention of the people.
The substance of this information is, that general Cos was expected at
Bear, on the 16th of this month, with more troop ; that he intended to,
make an immediate attack on the colonies; that there was a plan to try,
and foment division and discord among the people, so as to use one part
nownpt the other, and prevent preparation; and lhat the real ol ject is
to break up tho foreign settlements in.Texas. This committee have no
doubt of tho correctness of this information, and therefore recommond:
li.lllii, llic mill, uju iiiiua ui buuuuuuiuiuuu, KsiAj,' ggu COn
saying, " that he had fought, in the army of'MariajDhefaeal
in Germany, when battles used to be won in u regular, sys'temSc mA
" You must be old ?" said Napoleon. '; Yes ; I am either sjxty jiMFf
ty.f ': Why, colonel, you have certainly lfved Iongnouh tooeHjEMg. W
more closeKv?" ': General,'' said the.Hungjfrianj'IriaJMBt iSf,,
my slnris, and my norscs; out as ior my years, lmwBommiiam " t
want to steal them, and I shall not lose one of them." ""'SSi s '5 k ?
Axecdote. ' We must be unanimous,' observed Hancock oir tho
occasion of signing the declaration of independence, 'there mBSt be no
pulling different ways ; we must all hang together.' ' Yes,' added Prank-
llin, ' we must indeed hang together, or most assuredly we shall sllhang; -'severctchi.
From te Cincinnati Whig:,
zur'.osiiy, and wonderful effects of We
Great cur'.osity, and wonderful effects ofthe Expansion oftcaier
byt freezing The attention of many of our curious and scientific citi-
preseasituation of the country, and especially as to the constitutional 'the country.
That the people should maintain the position taken by them at their j zens was ) esterJay very pleasing'v arrested, by an occurrence, at the
lrniounary 01 luessrs. narunes?. voornees co (Jo. m this city, exhibi-
priraarv meetings to insist on their rights under the federal onf-tilti-
tion U IriUA, ana tno law 01 me ui 01 iviay 01 mat year, anu union wnn
the Mexican confederation.
That every district fhould send members to the goneral consulta
tion, with full powers to do whatever may be necessary for the good of
and nattiraLiXiglits of Texas, and will, therefore, at this time, merely
loucn tn suDject.
Uncer the Spanish government, Texas was a sepcrate and distinct
province As such it had a eeperate and distinct local organization. It
was onef the unities that composed the general mass of the nation, and
as Buch participated in the war of the revolution, and was represented
in the. cinstitUGat congress of Mexico, that formed the constitution of
1824.", I'Bil.constituent congress, so far from destroying this unity, cx-
.prlyj,eeogJL:?ed and confirmed it by the law of May 7th, 1824, which
ftliLTexas wuh Coahuila provisionally, under the especial guarantee
jfipade a.tato of the Mexican confederation, as soon as it pos-
SKKBManeceseary cements, xnat law ana me teileral constitution
; ftfcffiliftYna 9 srwcific Dolitical rxisfrnrr. nnd voctorl inlii mUntonm
tyipieaedjguts, which can only be relinquished by the people
That'evcrv district Ehould organize its militia, where it is not al
ready done, and hold frequent musters ; nnd that the captains of compa
nies make a return, without aciay, to me cniet ot tms aepartment, oi tne
force of his company, and of its arms and ammunition, in order that he
mav lay tho same beforo tho general consultation of Texas. Volunteer
companies are also recommended.
1 nis commiueu ueum n iu uo mou uuiv u u.y tuai, iu jis opinion,
all kind of conciliatory measures with general ds and the military at
Bexar are hopeless, and that nothing but the RUIN of Texas can be" ex-
pected from any such measures. They have already, and very proper-
ly been resorted to, without effect. WAR is our only resource. There
is no-other remedy. We must defend our rights, ourselves, and our
country by forco of arms.' To do this -v-e must unite and in order to
unite, the delegates of the people must meet in general consultation,
ting a specimen of the extraordinary power of the expansion of water by
An immense1' large iron anvil, weighing between three and four
tonr, and measuring nearly three feet in diameter, had been left lyin
by lhe door of the furnace, exposed to the atmosphere. The opvil was
perfectly solid with the exception of a very small crack or crevjea in
the centre of one of tho sides, about five inches-long and about fourin-
ches in depth, which from tho rain had become filled with water. TJi
quantity of va.er which the crevice contained could sot havs e3jad5
half a g:!L In the course of the niht of the 20th inst. this waisr be
came frccen, (and extraordinary as it may appear,) its expansion com-
pletely severed m two parts ths immonse mass of solid, ironaod bo
great was its expansive power, that when the separation took place, a
largo log of wood which lay on the top of the anvil, was thrown to a dis-
tance of soveral feet.
Had the crevice been filled with powder, and the powdor ignited
the effect would not have been a thousandth partasgreat. Jzfc r
Wedoubtnnt that this extraordinary fact will be noticed with' inter
est by tho scientific curious, throughout the United States.
K &Wi' f
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Borden & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 12, Ed. 1, Tuesday, March 28, 1837, newspaper, March 28, 1837; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47925/m1/1/: accessed June 27, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.