Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 14, Ed. 1, Tuesday, April 11, 1837 Page: 3 of 4
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they made the attack and the injur, the received by them litis been
the result of their own tcmcritv.
Frost. A severe frost on the night of the 7th inst. has killed al-
most every kind of garden vegetables, and what is more calamitous, de-
stroyed, we are told, the cotton then up, which we suppose from the
eaarly planting in the lower country, must have been a large proportion
of the crops. Corn will probably not have to be re-planted. We have
seen two of the oldest settlers of Austin's colon), who say they never
have seen so hard.a frost in Texas. Should the dry weather continue,
so as to prevent the promotion of a re-planting, a good cotton crop may
not be expected this year.
Harbobs ajjd Pilots. Though" several vessels have been wreck-
" ed at the entrance of our harbors, it will be found on examination that
more than two-thirds of these losses were the result.of ignorance, neg-
lect or imprudence of the navigators .or pita's. These losses have been
a drawback upon the prosperity of our country,, and have operated much
against the interest of our increasing commerce. It is hoped that thes"e
-evils will hereafter be remedied by some system of pilotage, and the
appointment of pilots who are as well known for their industry and so-
hricty as for their knowledge and skill in seamanship. But whatever
experience applicants for this office may possess, if these qualifications
'be wanting, they should not receive the important trust. Withowt in-
dustry the changes in the bars and currents cannot be ascertained; and
one who, on any occasion, is inebriated, is unfit for a station where life,
-property and the safety of our commerce, and reputation of our harbors
ure concerned. It is hoped, that in these appointments as well as the
man' other important stations to be filled, character and capability will
be the only passports to office, whether derived from the elective fran-
chize of the people, legislative or executive privilege.
San Antonio de Bexar, 27th March, 1837.
Hon. W. S. FisiiftR, Secretary at War
Sir I passed some time on the river below this place, in order to
recruit my horses, and about the middle of February proceeded to the
Medina for a better range, and had the misfortune to lose nearly every
horse I had, at the very moment I was about to proceed towards the Rio
Grande. With grcatdifiiculty I succeeded in remounting my men, and on
the 6th inst. I took up a line of march, for Loredo, with the intention of
raisin the flag of independence on the spire of the church at that place.
Owino- to the weakness of our horses I did not reach the Chancon, (a
small river about five miles from Loredo,) until the evening of the 16th,
when I discovered five Mexicans, but was unable to overtake them.
They gave the alarm at Loredo, and having seen but about half my lit-
tle force, a party of about forty cavalry was sent out to give us battle.
I had encamped on the Chancon the evening of my arrival there, near
an old ranch, not being aware of my proximity to the town; and early
the next morning, taking one man with me, I went out to view the road,
and if possible to take a prisoner, in order to ascertain the force of the
enemy stationed in the town. I then found the trail of the cavalry sent
out to intercept us, and returned to rav camp to prepare for their recep
tion. After waiting until one o'clock, and the enemy not showing'
themselves, 1 concluded to return back a tew miles to a place where
my horses could get a little grass, as they had not had any during the
night. I had proceeded but about two miles, when I discovered the
enemy, not more than one mile distant, advancing in fine order; and be-
lieving their force greatly superior to my own, (I had but twenty men,)
I ordered a retreat to the camp I had left, which was a deep wash in the
bed of the river, but then dry. I soon discovered that a part of my men
would be cut off, and ordered a halt, secured my horses and took a posi-
tion in a muskeet thicket. We were scarcely prepared for battle, when
the enemy commenced firing on my right and left at about 150 yards
distance, a portion of their force advancing with great rapidity to my
Tear, keeping up a brisk fireing on my right, left and rear, when they
were about 50 yards distant I returned their fire, giving strict orders
that not a piece should be discharged until every man was sure of his
aim, the engagement continued about forty-five minutes, when the ene-
my retreated, leaving ten killed and talcing off about as many wounded.
I succeeding in taking twenty horses, and should have pursued the ene-
my had my horses been in a situation to warrant it; but having ascertain-
ed from a wounded pr'soner that there was a force superior to mv own
in town, I considered it imprudent to divide my force and unsafe to leave
the horses I had taken. I, therefore, determined to return to this place,
where I arrived lastevening, after a fatiguing march of ten days. No
shout of exultation welcomed our return to Bexar, the inhabitants plain-
ly evidencing that their sympathies were with the enemy.
Every member of my little company performed his duty in the
most gallant manner. I have never witnessed greater coolness than
was displayed by the men, not one half of whom had ever witnessed a
field of battle before.
Captain Nicholas Dawson, late of the army, rendered me great as-
sistance during the fight, and by his cool and intrepid conduct afforded
great encouragement to the younger soldiers. The company have this
day elected him their captain, and I have the honor to report him to you
as such. Below you have the names of the members of my company.
I have the honor to be, sir, your most ob't.
Nicholas Dawson, captain; D. W. Babcock, orderly sergeant; J.
C. Boyd, Owen B. Hardiman, Daniel Winchell, Abm. Gosnay, John L.
Bray, J. F. Johnson, J. C. Morgan, W. Williams, Perry James, M. B.
Lewis, C. W. Egery, Peter Conrad, slightly wounded. Antonio Lock-
mar, James M. Jett, Stephen Jett, George Dolson, slightly wounded, F. '
W Wl.'tn T Tt 1JA T- C! T -i , . , . A. !
... ..ihcl, jj. xf. xicuubibuu, oas. &. .uuu, necessarily detained at san
2. All Me scans who are irnv, or hereafter may be established in
Spain, shall he treated and considered as subjects of a friendly power,
an 1 conformably to the character of the Spanish nation.
o. The merchant vessels of Mexico shall be admitted as those of
friendly nations into all the Spanish ports which are open to foreign
commerce, provided they submit themselves to existing laws and regu-
lations. I send you this decree, and in order that it may be carried into com-
plete effect, you will communicate it to whom it may concern.
Signed by her majesty at the palace, 29th December, 1836.
To Don J. Maria Calatrava, president of the council of ministers.
"An official report made to the Mexican congress January 3d. im
putes the extraordinary decline in the business of extracting precious"
metals, to the exorbitant price of quicksilver, w,hich is now worth about
$10U more per quintal, than in the lime of the old Spaniards. The
committe'e report that if the present stale of things continue, the metalic
currency throughout the world will be seriously affected. They recom-
mend the repeal of the present 3 per cent duty on the value of the gold
extracted the repeal of the excise duty on articles of consumption for
the. mines an authorization of the mines to riianufacture and trade in
gunpowder a repeal oP the duty on imported and domestic quicksilver
a reward.of $10,000 to ifhy one who shall extract 8,000 quintals of
quicksilver from the mines of the republic a prohibition of export of
jjoio and silver.
March 14th, Mr. Allen Reynolds, a citizen of Texas, formerly
from .New-York. '
Abolition--of the Slave Trade by Portugal. Fhe abolition
of the Slave Trade in all its dominions by the Portuguese government,
has furnished an opportunity to the Edinburgh Scotsman to make the
annexed remarks: "The British gdvernnrent has exerted itself for ma-
ny years to accomplish this object; and what failed in the hands of Mr.
Canning, Lord Aberdeen, and 'the Duke of Wellington, has been a-
chieved by Lord Palmerston. There is much Portuguese capital inves-
ted in the Slave. Trade, and its abolition cannot he popular in a country
where the claims of justice and 'humanity are nothing when weighed
against material interests. -That the Queen's Ministers, in their pre-
sent embarrassed and insecure situation, should have adopted so bold a
measure, is highly to they- credit."
Severe Pecuniary Distress. The south and southwest are
at this moment suffering an almost unparalleled pressure in the money
market the end of which cannot be foreseen by the wisest calculators.
The breaking of some leading houses in New Orleans, carrying with
them their branches and dependant houses, (we fear to write the num-
ber rumored,) has alarmed the mercantile and agricultural community
of Mississippi. Banks have tightened their purse in self defence;
and the merchant, unable to carry on hi farming operations will out the
avails of acceptances on the credit of his future crop, both are uncertain
whore their resources are to come from. The speculator, unable to sell
his lands to meet the payment falling due upon them, is still more at
loss for the means to prevent the gilded castle of his immense wealth
from becoming " an airy nothing."
The brokers, who may have money left, sell it in Natchez on good
endorsed notes at seven per cent, -per month. Business men, of course,
will give no such prices, as they may as well be ruined by a failure as
by the equally sure operation of exhorbitant interest. -
There should be, throughout our whole community, a spirit of kind-
ness and forbearance. The secure should look into and prop the for
tunes ot the tottering. Union is strength. It is incredible through what
pecuniary difficulties a united community may be proudly borne without
a loss of credit, or a ruinous sacrifice of property. Mississipi Herald.
The "Napoleon" child. The following singular fact, observed
some time back in a child, in Oxford street London, which for its extra-
ordinary character, is worth notice. The child is an engaging little girl,
about three years old. The color of her eyes is a pale blue, and on the
iris, or circle around the pulp, these inscriptions are seen:
Left Eye. Right Eye.
These are traced in the above sized letters, although the letters are
not equally visible-, the commencement Nap and E:up beino- most dis-
tinct. The color of the letter is almost white, and at the first sight of
the child, they appear like rays, which make the eyes vivacious and
sparkling. The accuracy of the inscription is much assisted by the
stillness of the eye on its being directed upwards, as to an object on the
ceiling of the room, &c, and with this aid, the several letters may be
traced-with the naked eye. This effect was accounted for by the child's
mother earnestly looking at a franc piece of Napoleon's. It was given
to her by her brother, previous to a long absence; and this operating
on her mind at a particular time in her life, has produced the appear-
ance in question. It was visible at the child's birth, and has increased
with its growth.
A Blunder. Every body has heard of the fellow who wrote a let-
ter to his friend, desiring him in the letter not to break the seal for a
stated time after its reception. The Washington correspondent of the
Courier and Enquirer of New York, has outdone this. In his letter of
January 21st occurs the following singular paragraph:
"The storm is now furious, without the appearance of abating
My principal object, therefore, in writing, is to say, that you neednot
.keep your paper open for this letter, as it trill not arrive in time?
SPAIN AND MEXICO.
The English and French newspapers have furnished us with the
following intelligence that the independence of Mexico has been formal-
ly acknowledged by Spain, and proclaimed in a decree of the queen re-
gent of that country. We find the text of that decree in the Eco del
Comnerce of the 31st December, and have translated it in order th-it
our readers may be made acquinted with the grounds on which the two
countries will stand in future. N. O.Bee.
Department of State. His excellency Don Miguel Sinta Ma-
ria, envoy extraordinary of the Mexican republic to this court, has es-
pecially communicated to the government of her lmjesty that the ports
of that republic on both seas, are since yesterday open" to the flno- and
commerce of Spain, and that the subjects of her majesty may enjiv in
those ports, the attention and security which the equity and good faith
of the Mexican nation have accorded to them, until the same shall be
stipulated and confirmed in a more solemn manner by the definitive trea-
ty of commerce and navigation, which shall guarantee also the rights
which they shall forever possess under diplomatic agents, I hereby make
known the following decree of her majesty.
J. M. CALATRAVA.
Madrid, 29th December, 1836.
Decree. The principal negociations which I have tolerated with
so much kindness from the beginning, and which I have so efficiently
endeavored to carry into effect, relative to the reconciliation of Spain
and Mexico, having happily terminated, and desirous in common with
the authorities of that country, to anticipate the benefits of peace and
reciprocal commerce between the people of two countries who ought
never to forget that they are brothgrs, I decree in my capacity of queen
regent, and in the name of my august daughter Isabella the" 2d, as fol-
1. There shall not be in future any renewal of hostilities on the
part of my government or any of my subjects, against Mexico, or against
individuals or inhabitants of that country.
For Sale at this ffli.ee,
FILISOLA'S DEFENCE. Reports of the House of Representatives. De-
claration of Independence and Constitution. Mrs. Holley's TexasNow
Columbia, 1837. 66 5f
"Education," says Burke, "is the cheap defence of the nation."
'.'The maxim," sj ys Dr. Chalmors, "is one of the weightiest occular
sayings which has ever fallen from any of the seers or sages of our
land." As to its author, he says: "He was the wisdom of intuition; so
that without formal developement of the aid of logical process, he often,
by a single glance, as in the case before us, made the discovery of a
great principle, and by a single word, memorably and felicitously ex-
pressed. JYcw York, Nov. 29.
Power of tetiror. Amnns the passengers lost in the wreck of
the Bristol, was Mr. Christopher S. , late of Riterson, and nure re-
cently of Bro.)kh n. M S. was known to us. He left this country
fur Ireland, h"& nativo land, about four m uiihs since, on business, and
was returning to his family in Brooklyn. A few days before the wreck,
Mr. S h id sent a letter to his wife by a vessel which they spoke.
This letter she had received the day before the wreck. It appears that
Mr. S. had a yo mg c-mpmion on board the ship, who, m the moment
of greatest peril, was below. He e.vcrled himself greatly to save this
voung man, and succeeded. He remained himself on the" wreck nnf il
bis friend had gone on shore s:fe. He was aimng the last taken off, i
and, lamentable to state, when he. was trken "nto the boat, his mind was '
gone! He was an idiot, and died very shortly after he was brought on j
shore. His friend whom he had saved brought the intelligence to his j
family, consisting of a wife and three young children, and the afflictive j
scene which followed, we will not attempt to describe. Unhappily the '
family is in narrow circumstances, and requires assistance. Anv do- '
nations left at this office for this special purpose, will be faithfully appii-'
ed. Com. Adv.
03" General JLaiid Agency, -co
THE Subscriber has opened a General Land Agency at the seat of govern-
ment, Texas. He will attend to buj-ing, selling, and locating lands, for
alt who may think proper to entrust him with their business. His terms will be
reasonable. Conveyancing, and translations from the Cu3tilian, will b made
correctly, and at short notice.
Texas Land Agent.
April 11, 1837. G68.
IN conformity with an order from the Hon. Thos. Barnett, judge of the Pro-
bate Court of the county of Austin, I shall expose for sale at public auction
on the 15th.day of 3Iay next, at the late residence of James Darwin, deceased,
all the personal property, and so much of the real estate as will be sufficient ts
satisfy the debts against said estate.
Terms made known on the day of sale.
JAMES COCHRANE, Administrator.
April 5, 1837. 66
1ENRY AUSTIN, Administrator of the estate of G. B. Jamieson, dee'd,
JLJL notifies all persons having claims againststhe estate to present them, pro-
purl v authenticated within the time prescribed by law. All persons indebted
to said estate are requested to make immediate payment.
HENRY AUSTIN, AdnVr.
February 27, 1837. 66 3t
THE undersigned, executor of the last will and testament of S. F.Austin,
deceased, notifies all persons having claims against his estate to present
th pm fo ettleinent authenticated according to law; and those indebted to
said estate are requested to make immediate payment.
JAMES F. PERRY, Executor.
April 5. 1837. . 66 12t
THE UNDERSIGNED having been appointed Administrators to the suc-
cession of Allen Reynolds, dee'd, of Washington county, hereby giTB
notice to all persons indebted to said succession to make immediate payment
to either of the subscribers, or they will be proceeded against according to
law; and all persons having demands against such estate will present their
claims properly authenticated, within the time prescribed by law, to either of
the undersigned, or to their attorney, E. R. Evans, at his office in Washington;
otherwise they will be barred.
D. J. WOODLIEF, ) a, ... ,
LEWIS A. REYNOLDS, Administrators.
Washington, March 27, 1837.
"j J)Y William Thompson, on or adjoining his prpmiseson the Navidad, Col-
j3 orado county, six mules and a horse of the following descriptions: One
years old, Mexican brand on the ri;ht this;h ; appraised at 50. One mouse
colored mare inuJc, about twelve years old, -Mexican brand on each thigh ; ap-
praised at $40. One cream colored mare mule, about ten years old, Mexican
brand on each thigh ; appraised at 45. One cream colored horse mule, about
five years old, Mexican brand on the right thigh; appraised at $40. One
cream colored horse, about eisrht years old. white face, hoth hind foot trhif
left fore foot white, left ear gasned or crooked, scarred on the right thigh, sad-
dle spot on each side of the wethers; appraised at $30.
KUBT. liKUTHlSRTON, County Clerk.
Columbus, April 6, 1837
Y John Thompson, on his premises on the Navidad, one old grey mare
mule, Mexican brand on the right thigh, saddle marked : appraised at ten
dollars. One sorrel mare mule, about eight years old, Mexican brand on each
tnign ; appraised lorty dollars, a. brown mare mule, ten or fifteen years oId
Mexican brands, saddle marked ; appraised at thirty-five dollars. A dun mars
ten years old, no brand, a black streak down the back, right hind foot white
snip on the nose ; appraised at twenty dollars.
RUBT. BKOTHERTON, County Clerk.
Columbus, April 6, 1837.
BY Allen B. Jones, on his premises in the county of Colorado, a roan hone
about fourteen hands high , seven or eight years old, Mexican brand on
the left hip, no other marks or brands perceivable; appraised at thirty-sevsn
dallars and fifty cents.
April 6, 1837. ROBT. BROTHERTON, County Clerk.
OHN H. MONEY, Esq., is my sole agent in Texas, and all persons indebted
to me are earnestly reailested to make immediate nnvmpnt in him ?.
impossible for me to grant any further indulgence.
Marion, March 29, 1837. 65-3
LL persons having claims against the estate of H. H. Hunt are requested
to br ns them forward dulv attested, rind nil ihni nrofiti .,? u.
are likewise requested to make immddiate payment to
JOHN ANDREWS &
April 1, 1837. bSJt3
N accordance with the provisions of the tenth section of the act establishing
the powers and duties of the district court, all the nnners thnt nmmx nn
the jurisdiction of a justice of the peace, which originated in the primary court,
have been handed over to me, where the defendants live in the first district of
this cnnntv. T Viprnhv nntifv nil stifli lofonrlnnfa iUn T ckall J it
j. j v w.. v.h.v.uuL.uw vuab j. guau UlUbCcu lu Call
the dockets- of all the cases on the 17th April, at my office in toe town of Co-
luuiuia, wiieie uiejnuncb uuu uueuu.
M. u. i-ATTUJNjJ.T. of 1st District-
April 1st, 1837. 65
PERSONS indebted to the undersigned for the purchase of merchandize, are
earnestly solicited to call and make immediate payment, as further indul
gence cannot be given.
R. R. ROYALL. .
Matagorda, April 1, 1837. 65-3
THE undersigned having obtained letters of administration on the estate of
Henry J. Howell, deceased, notifies all persons indebted to eajd estate to
make immediate payment, and those havine claims arainst said estate r r.
quired to present them duly authenticated within the "time prescribed bylaw.
a. uijjiKWUUD, Jidnvr.
31arion, April 2, 1837. g5
A spuNKV Yankee giiil. A Mrs. Mary Hillman. of Martha's
Vineyard, has petitioned congress for some gratuity in her old age, for
the following service. She sta-es that when about 15 years of age, in
1776, residing at Martha's Vineyard, a Eritish cruizer came n. and
wanting a spar, managed to buy the only one tc be had, which was then
erected as a liberty pole; that herself and two other girls, on the ni"ht
previous to its intended removal, bored holes .in the pole, filled them
with gunpowder, and applying fire, split the pole to pieces, so that it was
rendered useless to the enemy. Poor, and now 7(5, she asks for some
small compensation for an act which she considers equal to taking a
stand of colors from an invading enemy. The petition was referred.
THE subscriber having obtained letters of administration on the estate of
Robert Cochrane, deceased, notifies all persons indebted to said estate to
make immediate payment, and those having claims against said estate are re-
quirpd to present them duly authenticated within the time prescribed, by law.
. . . -10Hq- A. UNDERWOODxvrfni'r. '
Marion, April 2, 183 1. 55
THE followmc blanks are for sain at the office of the Telegraph and Texas
Register: Deeds; Transfers and Powers of Attorney of unlocated lands;
Letters ot Cjtizenship; Certificates of Citizenship; Summon's and Subpoena's,
&c, &c. Others can be had on short notice.
LL persons are hereby notified not to trade fnr n nnio nrcn hv me to John
i Alley, for fifteen hundred dollars;is said. Alley has failed in the conditions
which the said note was ghen.
r ,,. SAMUEL McCULLOCH.
March 2G, 1837, 65-3
. Lands for Sale.
T 9 Mlh, subscribers offer for sale a fnw tmrt nf snncrior lands low for cash ?
J alsoa few head rights, secured under the colonization laws anterior tOj
Columbia, April 4, 1837,
HENSLEY & BUCHANAN.
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Borden & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Columbia, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 14, Ed. 1, Tuesday, April 11, 1837, newspaper, April 11, 1837; Columbia, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47927/m1/3/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.