Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 15, Ed. 1, Tuesday, May 2, 1837 Page: 2 of 4
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I cessary purposes. God and Liberty. San Fernando de Bexar,
23d June, 1824.
JOSE ANTONIO SAUCEDO.
Same to the Same.
The great scarcity of public funds, under which this pro-
vince is suffering, and the urgent necessities at this time' felt by
its representative bodies, has compelled the Baron de Bastrop,
sixth member of the most excellent deputation, to undertake the
fatiguing journey to that place, to collect as much as possible of
fees belonging to the nation, agreeably to the fee bill, which I
left with you, on the lands granted to those inhabitants, and also
for the purpose of issuing titles to them, as the commissioner of
this government, in union with yourself. You will in both cases
use every possible exertion to carry these measures into due ef-
fect, for thus the good of the country requires. God and Li-
berty. San Fernando de Bexar, 22d June, 1824.
JOSE ANTONIO SAUCEDO.
Same to the Same, relative to stamp paper.
I send you a copy of the law relative to -stamp paper, in
order that in conformity therewith, those inhabitants may make
out their petitions for lands, on the corresponding stamp, and
that the titles may be issued to them on the stamp prescribed by
law. And as there is not a sufficiency of stamps in the depot of
this city, I authorize you to stamp as much common paper as
may be necessary for those inhabitants, doing it by means of a
line at the top of each sheet, with these expressions: "Sello 3o.
4m. Habilitado por la Nation Mexicana para el ano de 1824, Aus-
tin, (f.) Signing it with your surname only. After which the
interested person shall take the same paper to the alcalde of the
district, who, as the provisional collector of the revenue, shall
collect its value, and put on the margin of each sheet the fol-
lowing expressions. "Pago el inieresado en este jusgado de mi
cargo les cuatro riales importe del Sello anterior." (g.) Date and
signature of the alcalde. The same will be observed with re-
gard to stamps of the other classes. To avoid mistakes, you
must keep a circumstantial account of the paper stamped by
you, and the alcalde will in like manner, keep an account of the
amount collected by -him, and each one will make a return
thereof, to the government, at the end of the year, without how-
ever, delaying to remit the proceeds, as soon as possible, by any
safe opportunity that may present. God and Liberty. San
Fernando de Bexar, 22d June, 1824.
JOSE ANTONIO SAUCEDO.
HOUSTON, TUESDAY, MAY 2,
We left Columbia on the 16th ulL in the steamer Yellow Stone, ex-
pecting that we should be enabled to issue this number of the Telegraph
ia the course of the same week, but disappointment and delay have met
us at every turn; at Velasco we were detained a week on account of the
surf upon the bar, the tide left us fast aground one day at Clopper's bar
and prevented usrom reaching Lynchburg until the evening of the 26th,
and a great part of the ensuing day was spent in groping (if a steam-
boat can grope) at the rapid rate of one or two miles an hour, to the
very crown of the "head of navigation of Buffalo Bayou" at the City of
Houston. On landing we determined to "take time by the forelock" and
immediately proceeded in search of the "nearly finished building inten-
ded for our press;" our search was fruitless; like others who have confi
ded in speculative things, we have been deceived: no building had ever
been nearly finished at Houston intended for the press; fortunately,
however, we have succeeded in renting a shanty, which, although like
thecapiiol in this place,
"Without a roof, and without a floor,
Without windows and without a door,"
is the only convenient building obtainable, we have therefore, been com-
pelled to engage it during this session of congress.
N. B. Our troubles have not yet ended, the shanty is falling about
our ears, two massive beams have dropped down upon the stands, made
a most disgusting pi, and driven the workmen to seek safety outside, the
devil alone looks smilicg on the mischief.
On the morning of the 12th ult Mr. Crawford arrived at Columbia,
accompanied by several of the officers ofH. B. M. Brig of War, Racer,
captain Hope. The object of this gentleman's visit to Texas, is we un-
derstand to investigate the civil and political condition of the country
and report to the British government. We rejoice that the condition of
Texas is now such that we have nothing to apprehend from the reports
of the most fastidious and illiberal. To the report of Mr. Crawford, we
shall look forward with pride, confident that the known candour and in-
telligence of this gentleman will promulgate truth alone at the court of
The City, op Houston. This place is yet merely a city in em-
bryo, but the industry, enterprise and amount of capitol which are now
ministering to its greatness will soon elevate it to a prominent rank a-
mong the cities of older countries. Its situation is remarkably beauti-
ful, being partly upon an elevated and dry prairie, partly in the skirt of
the timbered margin of the Buffalo Bayou. The principal objection to
this place is the difficulty of access by water; the bayou above Harris-
burg being so narrow, so serpentine and blocked up with snags and over-
hanging trees, that immense improvements will be required to render
the .navigation convenient for large steamboats.
The British Agent. We feel a peculiar pleasure in noticing this
"prompt and flattering testimony of regard from the government of the
first commercial and manufacturing nation of the -globe. The attention
of our citizens had already been directed towards Great Britain previ-
ous to receiving information of the intended visit of Mr. Crawford. The
recent movements in the United States have not been favorable to the
annexation of Texas to that country, a strong party at the north appears
to be opposed to the measure, and too much of that cold, heartless, pe-
cuniary spirit prevails, which, when our village were in flames when
the blood of our bravest and best citizens, and that of the generous
Americans who had espoused our cause, was poured out like water and
flowed in mingled currents to congeal at the feet of a murdering tyrant,
when a voice which shook the very walls of the capitol was thun-
dering the appalling narative of atrocities which might have star-
tled oven fiends, could permit men calmly to sit down in the halls
of congress-and with mathematical precision calculate the probable a-
mount of dollars and cents which might be expended by a national inter-
ference to prevent murder! they could listen with unconcern to the re-
cital of the murder of their fellow citizens, feloniously shot by hun-
dreds, nor demand satisfaction. England pursues a different policy, her
mighty voice thundering across the Atlantic calls aloud for her slain,
and the conscience struck murderers now trembling with juit alarm, fear
to yield up the list of British citizens butchered in cold blood at Goliad.
Well may they tremble, England has now attained an elevation in
the rank of nations unequaled by that of any power of ancient or mod-
ern days; her daring sons- have already overspread the finest portions
of the habitable globe, and laid the foundations of several mighty em-
pires: with more than Roman virtue she preserves unsul'ied her nation-
al glory and maintains her elevated rank in. the family of nations her
red cross flaming with the eternal light of a never-setting sun 'throws
its glory over the billows of every ocean and every sea, securing even
in the most distant regions of the globe to the meanest Briton the cer-
tainty of a fearful revenge for unwarranted insult. Justly may we feci
proud of an alliance with a nation like this and doubly so when we re-
flect that she is our maternal ancester, warmly then should we express
our gratitude for this recent testimony of her esteem for Texas, the
youngest of her offspring.
Audubon. The United States revenue cutter, captain Turner, ar-
rived at Galveston on the 24th, bearing the celebrated Ornithologist Au-
dubon and his son: Mr. Harris also accompanies this gentleman and is
associated with him in his scientific researches. Audubon is one of the
very few Americans, whose fame has extended throughout the civilized
world, and whose services have commanded a national tribute of res-
pect from the United States.
The U. S. sloop of war Natchez Capt. Mervine lay to off Velasco
on the 20th ult. she sent a boat ashore in charge of passed midshipman
Ridgely, who stated that the Mexican squadron had captured several
American vessels bound to Texian ports, captain Mervine sent a boat
to one of these, then laying off the bar of Matamoros, for the purpose of
inquiring into the cause of her capture, the Mexicans refused permis-
sion to make such inquiries and in the night forced the vessel over the
bar under the guns of the fort and fired into the American schooner
Climax, injuring her so much that she would have sunk but for the as-
sistance rendered from the Natchez; upon this the Natchez immediately
captured the Mexican brig of war Urrea, and steering towards the Vin-
cedor del Alamo and a Mexican armed schooner : the dastardly Mexican
immediately run them both ashore; thys have three of the Mexican
squadron been completely disabled. We sincerely trust that the Texi-
an fleet will complete the good work by sweeping the remainder of this
contemptible navy from the Gulf which it has too long disgraced.
The Louisiana which had been captured by the Mexicans was re-
leased by the Natchez, she has sailed for New Orleans.
Our government has taken prompt and energetic measures to re-
venge the insults offered by the miserable apology for a hostile fleet
which recently ventured from its hiding place to cruise for a few days
on our coast, the Brutus and Tom Toby started in pursuit on the 23d
ult, the Invincible will soon follow and we have no reason to fear the re-
sult of an encounter with the remainder of the Mexican fleet, the intre-
pidity and daring courage of our gallant tars will more than counterbal-
ance the apparent disparity of physical force.
Prices of Provisions, Rents, &c. &c. All kinds of provisions
are very dear in this place at present, flour is selling at $15 a $20 per
barrel, sugar, coffee and tea at about twice or .'thro times the prices in
New Orleans; corn $2 per bushel, the price of board ranges from $25
to $45 per month; mechanics obtain from $3, to $9 per day, rooms 20
or 30 feet squar,rent at'$10 a $50 per month, common pine boards a
$100 a $150 A thousand; town lots at $500 a $5000 and upwards;
in short everything is exceedingly high excepting the Telegraph and
Texas Register, which continues at the very moderate price of only $5
per annum, payable in advance.
By reference to our advertising columns it will be seen that the lots
in the town of Columbus are now offered for sale. This place being sit-
uated in a remarkably healthy and fertile section of country, offers ma-
ny inducements for settling to the enterprising emigrant.
We have received our files of papers from the United States up to
the 22nd, they all teem with accounts of failures in England, France
and the United Slates. The pressure in the money market appears to
be greater now than it has been at any former period, apprehensions aro
entertained for the stability of several large banking establishments in
different sections of the union.
New Orfeans has suffered much, but the solvency of her banks is
now placed Lcyond a doubt, and the liabilities of her merchants who have
failed or suspended payment are far less than commonly reported; for
example, N. & J. Dick, &, Co., were repoitcd to have failed fin 14
millions. Their liabilities are in fact only four millions, and their assets
are nearly five millions. Brandon, McKenna and Wright whose debts
were reported at five millions, are only about two millions, and the lia-
bilities being mostly between factor and planter, scarcely cne million in
twenty will prove bad.
Flour is selling at 7 a $8; Coffee 11a 12 cents; Rice 4 cts; Mo-
lasses 40 a 42 cts ; Sugar 6 a 7 cts.
A London paper states that twenty millions sterling of British cap-
ital is invested, not for speculation but income in the public works,
banks, state credits and institutions of the United States. We wish that
only one twentieth of this amount was invested in Texas, we could then
soon release Zacatecas and California from Mexican misrule, and leave
the United States to calculate the expense of the annexation.
To Emigrants. We have been informed recently that many fami-
lies in Tennessee are preparing to remove to Texas. Emigrants to
Texas are now entitled to 640 acres of land if single men, to 1280 if
married. Those who intend to emigrate immediately will do well to
bring with them all farming and culinary utensils, and a small stork of
the most necessary-particles of clothing, such clothing as is commonly
worn in the'northe'rn states of the Union, is well adapted to the climate
of Texas.', Even in summer woolen clothes arc not uncomfortable here;
as provisions arc high in Texas, families will also economise by bring-
ing a'small supply of tea, coffee, rice and flour, New Orleans bank
notes are most current, and pass as readily as specie in all parts of the
N. B. Let no able bod'ed man on emigrating to Texas neglect to
provide himself with a good rifle or musket and at least one hundred
rounds of ammunition. Those who wish to enjoy the advantages of this
country should come prepared to defend it; though there is scarcely a
a probability that the dastard hordes of Mexico can ever again pollute
the soil of Texas, thctcar,is not yet closed; we want no cowards, there-
fore, let only those who are willing to encounter dangers come at this
twelfth hour to share the dear bought purchase of heroes.
Elections. We believe, it is a fact generally admitted, that men have
been elected to fill high and important public offices in many of the new
states of the " West," who in their native states ha'd committed actual
felony. This is a calamity peculiar to new countries. Texas may
have suffered from this cause in common with other states similarly sit-
uated. Accident may have cast felons 'upon the floors ofour congress,
who by lending their vile influence to procure legislative enactments
favoring the base and selfish speculations of a few sordid and avaricious
men, may bring down upon our infant republic lasting opprobium and
discredit. Those who in adult years have discovered such an utter dis-
regard for the imperative obligations of society as to commit felony, can
never be safely trusted in the councils of the nation; their conduct will
invariably be characterized by a grovelling, dishonest and illiberal poli-
cy. Railroads will be run to intersect points where they hold lands.
Bank charters will be granted for their especial benefit; towns will be
laidjflpt where their interests are located, &c. &c, until the honest, in-
dustrious and deserving groan under the weight of vicious influence.
Elections are soon to take place, which are to fill the few vacan-
cies in congress ; to the electors, therefore, we would say, beware lest
you elect men upon whose integrity no reliance can be placed, and whose
acts may disgrace you and your country.
And to the candidates we use this decided language, if you have ev-
er, here or elsewhere, been guilty of crime, retire from public scrutiny,
although years of upright conduct have partially atoned for your villainies,
spare your families and friends the mortificationandbittcrregret of behold-
ing your vicious foibles raked out cfthe filth of penitentiaries and brothels,
and exposed in the public journals of your country. If, however, re-
gardless of this monition, you will reckless!' demand the suffrages of
the virtuous and good look not to us for support; the pages of this peri-
odical shall never be prostituted to the base purpose of lauding scoun-
drels and knaves ; on the contrary, such shall ever find in us their most
uncompromising opponents, and we here make this solemn declaration,
that we will never relax our hostilities to felons who have dared to sit
in the high places of Texas and pollute the fountains of justice, until
they resign the stations to which a virtuous but mistaken people have
elevated them and retire to private life; then when after a long series
of virtuous deeds they have completely atoned for past misconduct, we
shall exult to place upon our columns the record of their private virtues.
This language may appear to some too bold and independent for our
present situation; to such we say, we are reckless of the consequences
when we cast the gauntlet of defiance and lasting hostility in the teeth
of public knaves, for we know mat there exists a sufficient share of pub-
lic virtue and lofty moral courage in the people of Texas to buoy us in
safety above the storm of persecution which may be raised against us
by miscreant renegadoes. Our press shall be free as the winds that
sweep our prairies, and whenever an accursed system of legislative"
speculation is upheld by dishonest men, we will "cry aloud and spate
not,' until an insulted people have risen in their might and -called forth
the corrupt and base to render an " account of their stewardship."
An election to fill the vacancy occasioned by the resignation of the
honorable Ira Ingram, was to be held in Matagorda on the 25.th ult.
We stop the press to state that the sloop of war Boston, ia now at
anchor off Galveston, the lieutenant of this vessel hailed captain Hurd
of the Brutus, and stated that the Independence had returned to the Mis-
sissippi just before the Boston left. Capt. Huvd has just arrived and in-
forms us that the. search of the Brutus and Ten Toby has been unsuc-
cessful, no Mexican vessels arc on the coast. Our whole fleet will pro-
bably start for the Mexican coast immediately after obtaining the neces-
sary.supplies of provisions. -J.
In complying with requests like the following",ivve feel peculiarly
proud of the Telegraph as the humble instrumehrbfTtruth in silencing
the vile tongue of slander and misrepresentation-
Messrs. Borden &. Moore You will confer a singular favor on
an injured citizen and friend, by inserting the enclosed address in your
Telegraph and Texas Register. Among men of hase principles, merit
begets envy, and as wise men endeavor to shine in themselves, fools
endeavor to out shine others.
Nacogdoches, April 11, 1837.
TO THE PUBLIC.
A report being recently circulated by some malicious "perron or
persons, for electioneering purposes, in the county of Nacogdoches,
Texas, charging me with the appropriation of monies to my own use,
collected for the benefit of suffering Texas, under authority from the
committee of vigilance and safety of said county, I deem it due to my-
self, and a community so shamefully imposed upon, to publish the fol-
lowing vote of thanks, and certificate, from the records of said commit-
tee; at the same lime earnestly requesting every person from whom I
received the smallest donation to notify Col. William Christy of New
Orleans of the amount in accordance with the proclamation of President
Houston, that I may stand or fall in the estimation of my countrymen
by comparison with my settlement made before said committee. I feel
confident I rendered more importantservices to the cause, in my mis-
sion, than if I had been ten men in the battle of San Jacinto, yet, I re-
gret sincerely that I was not there, instead of being occupied in the
most unpleasant pursuit I ever was engaged in, besides being exposed
to the malignant censures of the ungrateful.
Nacogdoches, September 20th, 1836.
Resolved, That this committee n:turn their sincere thanks to Col.
Haden Edwards, for his endeavors and exertions in having collected do-
nation for the cause of Texas.
We do hereby certify the above to be a true copy of the original
document in the archives of the committee of this place. Nacogdoches,
February 16th, 1837.
HENRY RAGUET, Chairman.
H. H. Edwarls, Secretary.
Fellow Citizens, lam thus unjustly charged, after having spent
a fortune that cannot now be purchased for 150,000 dollars and fifteen
years of unremitting exertion in establishing the province of Texas iu
the possession of my countrymen, who only know how to appreciate its
value, and make it a flourishing agricultural and commercial country;
and I confidently believe (and am not alone in that belief) that had it
not have been for my unremitting perseverance for two years, after the
many adventurers that repaired to Mexico in twenty-two, (the 'same
year I did,) to obtain grants in that fertile region, had abandoned it,
hopeless of success, that not an anglo American citizen would have had
to this day a Mexican title to a head or colony right. Austin himself
was about to leave Mexico, without obtaining a confirmation of his fath-
er's grant, after having exhausted his meansandjafter having tried ev
ery other source in vain, I furnished him with the means necessary to
the end. I spent three years and four months from my family in treat-
ing and entreating the Mexican authorities to make a colonizatien law,
which was accomplished M March, '25, and a grant to myself and Left-
witch, agent for the" Nashville company, incorporated therein, being the
only two petitions presented previous to the passage of the law. Li the
latter end of twenty-six, my just rights and privileges were arrcBted
from me through the cupidity of two individuals, whose uames I forbear
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Borden & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 15, Ed. 1, Tuesday, May 2, 1837, newspaper, May 2, 1837; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47928/m1/2/: accessed January 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.