Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 28, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 29, 1837 Page: 3 of 4
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Mineral Waters. Near the Sibolo about thirty-three milea from
Bexar, is a mineral spring, its waters have for ages been held in high
estimation by the aborigines for their medicinal qualities.
Minerals. Great quantities of limestone arc found in all parts of
this section; flint and several varieties ol sandstone abound on the ban
Antonio and Sibolo. Here are also numerous beds of a natural cement,,
resembling slacked lime: which when formed into mortar, becomes hard
as stone, and is much used as a building material.
9 Soil and Productions. The soil consists generally of a dark san
dy loam, exceedingly rich and productive. Some of this has been culti-
vated more than fifty successive years, and yet seems to have lost none
of its original fertility. The facilities of irrigation are such in the val-
ies of these streams that their waters may easily be directed over a sur-
face of one million of square acres, capable of producing the most abun-
dant crops of corn, cotton, tobacco, indigo, sugar, rye, oats, millet, and
various culinary vegetables; wheat also was formerly raised in consid-
erable quantfies. The Mesquite ginss carpets the whole section and con-
tinues green throughout the whole year, furnishing a never failing pas-
turage. The Nopal or Prickly Pear abounds in this section, and often forms
dense impenetrable hedges, eight or ten feet high, and covering whole
acres of ground. Its fruit attains an extraordinary size and possesses
an excellent flavor.
Forest Trees. There are few varieties of forest trees, the Live
Oak predominates, the Peccan also is abundant and its fruit is exceed-
ingly large, Cypress is found on the Medina, the Mesquite tree is thinly
scattered over the whole county; this is "a species of the locust" gen-
erally about the size of a Peach tree and bearing a long slender pod
sweet to the taste and often used by the Indians for food; this tree also
yields excellent gum, like gum arabic. Besides these, there are the
Red Oak and Post Oak.
Towns. Bexar, the county seat, is the only town. It is situated
on both sides of the San Antonio, about twenty .miles above its junction
with the Medina, and is one of the oldest towns in Norih America, con-
taining manv ancient structures which recall to mind its former great-
ness, and the many vicissitudes of fortune which have characterized its
singular and interesting history. It contained a few years since eight
or ten thousand inhabitants, the present population is only about one
thousand. Nature seems to have destined it to become one of the first
cities of America.
The Alamo is situated at the north east part of the town on the left
bank of the river. It is a large oblong walled enclosure containing about
an acre of ground; the wall is about eight or ten feet high and three feet
thick. Since the fall of Travis and his heroic band it has been disman-
tled;' and no longer a fortress, it remains to designate the Thermep3rIu3
of Texas. . x
Below Bexar scattered along the banks of the river are many large
and beautiful edifices, built ofmasivc stone. They are styled Missions,
-and generally consist of a fortress and a church. In these the pious
fathers of former days with the sword in one hand and the Bible in the
--other, gathered the wild bands of the prairie to bend the knee at tho
shrine of the Holy Virgin.
Most of the inhabitants of this county are of Mexican descent. Em-
igrants from the eastern part of Texas and the United States are now
conlinuallv arriving with their families, and there is every reason to be-
lieve that "in a few years this county will contain a more dense popula-
tion than any other portion of Texas.
Climate. The climate of this region is delightful and probably
not surpassed by that of any portion of the Globe. The summers are
never oppressively warm, but are admirably tempered by cool refresh-
ing sea breezes which prevail during tho warm season; the winters are
'exceedingly pleasant and comfortable: snow scarcely ever tails even
to the depth of an inch, and although most of the rainy weather occurs
"during winter there are but very few cloudy days. Indeed such is the
salubrity of t.he climate that previous to the war, there were manyMexi-
cans who had. resided in the vicinity of Bexar, for more than a century,
:and still enjoyed excellent health.
J At Fort Bend, on the ISth inst. Mr. E. Markham.
i At Harrisburg on Wednesday 26th inst. Mr. Merriwether W. Smith .
1 At his residence on Galveston Bay on Monday 19th inst Mr. James
! Routh ; an old and much respected citizen of Texas.
"An honest man is the nob!ct work ol lou."
There is a tradition prevalent in Texas, that Bexar derives its
name from the Spanish word Ah&a, and "that it was applied to this
town in consequence jof a swarm of.bges having formed their hive in the
steeple of the great church at the precise period that the first Anglo
Americans settled in Texas ;tfie tradition also states that bees had never
been seen in- the country previous to this identical period. There is pro-
bably more of romance than truth in this tradition, as the transatlantic
archetype of xHexar has existed in old Spain for centuries.
From the tfntlcd States Papers.
There has been a dreadful flood at Baltimore which extended its rava-
ges upwards of axailo through the h.eart of the city along the whole course
of Jones' Falls, the whole distance bing laid under water suddenly, and
theside walks, cellardoorways being to. m up by the deluging torrent, the
damage is incredible ; hundreds of families have been stripped of their
all, and the destruction of human life fcas been wonderfully great; a
father, mother and throe children were founJ drowned intone room, they
they had been caugbt asleop: one little daughter only survives to weep
over the sad casualty.
The University of Virginia is represented a bsingin a more flour-
ishing condition, than it has been at any time previous.
The tonacre duties on the vessels of the Kingdom of Greece have
been abolished in the Uniteo1 States.
A spotted Turtle weighing thirteen hundred poinds was latoly
eatierht in flir Dala.wn.rfl.
The Pennsylvania was to be launched at Philadelphia on the 18th
inst. This ship'is stated to he ue largest vessel everset afloat, except
loan's Ark. The tallowing" aro jus uimeuswus.
T.pnorlh cm thn main PUtV deck, 215
Length of the keel, 198
Depth of the hold, . 52 6
Breadth of the beam,
Length of the main mast, 132
Diameter of do f 5
A terrible conflict occurred at Boston on the Ilth of June between
several parties of engine men and an Irish funeral procession; tho funer-
eal was broken up, and the inflamed firemen exhausted their ire empty-
ing into the street the warm feather beds of the Irish families m the
neighborhood of the Affray.
One of the flues of the -Steamboat Crusader collapsed and severely
scalded thirteen passengflrs, more than hulf of whom have died. The
Crusader was on her way from Pascagoula to New Orleans.
The Bill for the relief of the Banks has passed the house of dele-
gates of Virginia, and is expected to pass the senate without debate.
The Semlnoles remain quiet, Micanopy, Jamper and others had
left Tampa suddenly, having become alarmed at the appearance of the
measles which the Indians mistook for the small pflfx; this has given rise
to a rumor that hostilities had recommenced.
There has been a great anti-bank meeting on Bunker Hill. Wil-
liam Foster was president Thirty-three vice presidents were chosen
and ten secretaries!
The plague is making great ravages in the Barbary States.
' OBITUARY. 7"
"Woe that the linden and the vine should bloom,
And a just man be carried to the tomb.1,
Although it is known that the sunofour existence must according to
the nature of things ultimately set7.that"it is appointor! once for all to die,"
yet the heart even in such ordinary cases sickens, at the spectacle of a
departing soul. If then such are the sensations attending the exit of
the aged how intense must have been the grief of the friends of tho la-
mented GeorgeN.Hawkins when they saw "his sun go down at noon.
Tes the vital spark that animated tho body of young Hawkins is extin-
guished forever; he departed this life in the town of Brazoria, on the
8th inst. in the twenty sixth or seventh year of his age ; with the fortitude
Tofa.Boldier he met the tyrant's stroke, and with the smile of resignation
'yielded up hie immortal part to the God who gave it. AMICUS.
PORT OF GALVESTON,
Arrived since our last, sch3 Charlotte, Mack, New Orleans Harriett, Gal
lagher, Mobile Fannin, Haskins, Vclasco Creole, Campbell, New Orleans
Helen, Delarne, New Orleans.
Cleared since our last, fan? Enterprise, Brnvton, Havanna schr Ivoscius-
co, Burns, Nr w Orleans Fannin, Haskins, Velasco Crusader, Taylor, do.
il road, Navigation and B&iaMrag' Company.
I' a meeting of the hoard of directors of the above institution held this
. day, the fallowing was unanimously adopted.
Whereas the interests of the republic of of Texas and the Rail road, navi
gation and banking company are intimately connected, and wherena it is desi-
raole that the actual citizens of Texas should be stockholders :n said institu-
tion: be it therefore
Resolved That books of subscription for stock in the Texas Rail road.
Navigation anc Banking Company be opened at Houston, under the direction
of any t.vo or more of the directors, on the 15th of August next, and continue
open until the 15th of October following:, under the rules and regulations of
said company : nnd that publication be made in the Telegraph printed at Hous
ton, and in the Velasco Herald, and iNacoguochea paper lor thirty day3.
Jtiesolred, i hat in order to give the citizens ot lexas a lair onportumtv
of bceoming stockholders, that ten per cent, only be required to be paid in at
the time of subscription, in gold, silver or United States Bank bills.
xiesolved further, i hat lor the purpose ol eivmrthe citizens generally ar
onnortunitv of subscribing-, no individual shall subscribe bv nroxv:fir.d ro
individual shall subscribe directly or indirectly for more than fitty Eiiaresof
one hundred dollars each.
Houston, June 30, 1837. B. T. ARCHER, President
ftfj-The Texas Chronicle will publish the above for thirty days, and send
their account tc this office for payment.
JOSIAH J. CROSBY and,H. C. Hudson having associated themselves in the
practice of the law, they will attend to the duties of their profession in
the superior courts of the secondhand third judicial districts, and in the county
cortus of Austin and Harmburg: Their office will be kept at Washington.
July 27, 1B37. 3m
NOTICE is hereby given that the copartnership heretofore evicting under
the firm of John Carlos &. Co. is this day dissolved by mutual concent.
All debts due to or from the concern will be settled by John Carlos, who is duly
empowered to settle the same. " JO IN CARLOS.
Houston, July UU, 1H37. J. JriUUU.
JOHN CARLOS respectfully informs his acquaintance and the public in
general, that he continues the business, and ha- now on hand a splendid assort
ment of new goods, consisting of Clothing, iiits, fcnddlerv, table and other
Cntlery, Glass waro of all kinds, China and Porcelain, Table Castors, Japan
Waiters, Bratama and silver plated ware, faints, Window Wass, Hardware,
and Boots and Shoes expected by the first arrivals. JOH2J CARLOS.
Brng1 and Medicine Store.
ILLIAM G. COOKE and Lem'l H. Bancroft having formed a copart-
nership for the purpose of conducting tho above business in this city.
respectfully inform their friends and the public in general, that they are now
opening a stock of Drug", Medicines, Perfumery, Stationery, &c. in the store
adjoining Mr. Lubbock's billiard room. Orders from the country will be punc-
tually attended to, and physicians' prescriptions put up with accuracy and
Houston, July 526, 1837. COOKE & BANCROFT.
THE copartnership heretofore existing under the firm of Morrell and Ty-
ler is this day dissolved by mutual consent, and H. R. Crawford i autho-
rized to settle the business of the above firm. . Z. G. MORREL,
July 29, 1837. J. T. TYLER.
Strayed or Stolen.
FROM the commons about the city of Houston,a bright sorrel horie,between
15 and lhand3 high, having a long flowing uaxei tail, and mane of the
same description; a smau oinze ot wmte aown ms mce, nna lour white leet.
He was shod all around in Marchlast; and his right hind hoof was slightly split:
he is a natural pacer, an American horse and was sold to the subscriber by
T. F M'Kinney. I will give twenty dollars for the delivery of the horse to
meat Houston, if only strayed; and fifty for the horse and the conviction of the
thief, if he has bn stolen. W. FAIRFAX GRAY.
July 29, 1837. 2 1.
rTlHE partnership heretofore existing between Moore and Dougall, is dissolv-
1 ed by mutual consent. All debts due tne urm win De conecteu c-y Ale'x
Dougall at Brazoria. ALEX. DOUGALL,
Brazoria, July 10 1837. 80 2m. ANDREW MOORE.
HOUSE and SMALL FARM in Austin county. 12 miles
above San Felipe, on ihe road leading to Washington.
Thirty acres in cultivation, a well of good water, s'ables, &c. Re-
fer to the office of the Telegraph.
July 22, 1837. 79-3t GUSTAVUS E. EDWARDS-
Strayed or Stolen,
ROM the subscriber when at the city of Houston, a bay
filky, three years old, branded with two Ms one over the
other, and E W beneath them on the left shoulder. Twenty-
five dollars reward will he given to any person who will de
liver taid filley to Edward Waller, on Ouster bayoti,near Brazorin.
July 22, 1837. 79-3t EDWARD WALLER.
the above reward.
July 23, 1837
One Hundred Bollars Reward.
tlNAWAY from the sub3crib"r in March last,
two African Ni-gro men, about 5 feet 8 or 10 in
ches high, aged from twenty to twenty-five years,
one not so large as the ether, both of middlesize. Any
person delivering the said negroes to .Edward Waller
living on Oyster creek, near Brazoria, shall be paid
Estray Notice. Austin County.
VJCEN UP, by Churchwell Fulcher, one mare, 6 years old, not broke, no
rand ; also a chesuut sorrel stud colt, 2 years old, blaze face, roan tail, no
ViranH -" unuroue uuy uiuic, it 111111111 nign,'i oro years oici, no Drana,smau
urrtuu. , , , . P , r. t A ri. l-i.. , 1 .. .1
hitestre,lc m ine ' wuBi an nan tneotner.
t v-1 (all, a bl jck stud horse, 14 hands high, half moon in his face, no
Bv James vve,l-'u t;uc""cl ol uuu mare, naxen mane ana tan, Btar
in the forehead, hind feet white, branded 2 on the left shoulder.
Bv James A. Xor' a brown bay studhorse, 5 years old, 15 hands high,
Bv J H Dennis, a bright bay horse, 8 years old, 14$ hands high, star in
the forehead', hind foet white, Spanish brand.
By N. C. Brookshiv"65 a brown horse, 3 years old, 2 fore feet white,
PaBy E. w! Best, a pain.t ho&, 14 hands high. 6 years old, Spanish
brand. . . . . t .,. .i..j in i
By Panky olotkey, a nun pi"u nurse, ngnc ear gnencu, j.- "i j,
ail white speck in the forehead black mane and tail, bnnd on each thigh
San Felipe, July 1, 1837. Jf9-3t JNO. B. JOHNSON, C
THE subscriber having a large interest in the TOWN OF RICHMOND,
and the adjoining lands, as will be seen by the diogrf.phical sketch an-
nexed to the plan of said town, and desirous of advancing the improvement of
this important point, proposes to dispose ol in and out lots on the most favora-
To such as will improve by erecting buildings, town lots will be given
gratis. Such persons as may procure lots by purchase or otherwise, can have
the privilege ol cutting timber on four hundred acres of woodland, for building
The eligibility of the place for a town will not be disputed when Its rela-
tive situation to other important pointsis known. Aiwa s accessible to steam
boats of light draught, navigation is thus secured to the mouth of the. Brazos.
The distance, only 50 miles, from Houston which city, having a direct: and
safe steamboat navigation to the port of Galveston, nature has designed as the"
New York of Texas will make Richmond the :oint through which theg'eaf
roau to the west wui always pas, and where the business of a very neb and
fertile country will centre. ' '
The increase of population on the Brazos has already suggested the format
tionofa new county to be called uFoht Bend," for which obiect congress has
been petitioned, and the county seat will of necessity be established atRIch-
The subscriber, whose interest in the town and out lots of Richmond con
sists of 1700 acres, is willing to divide it into lOil shares, which he will also sail
on i easonabie terms. ,
Persons wishing to avail themselves of good bargains in shares or lots, with -the
sure increase of property, would find it to their advantage to examine andv
conviuce themselves of the truth ot the foregoing s atements. - js
Kictimond, July JLl,ib37. 7S-Um THUS li. BoRDEN.
For publishing a monthly nea -fper it ths city of Hous
Houslonlo be called
anted to tr wants oi anew country : its main
Flo-. OP P.E.1-IG10.V, VIRTUE AND MORALITY, and THE
THI3 peri i.cas vi,l be :
objects "rtiii le the ra.f.!
D.FiCElON or LCAPM'.S.
Efforts wiilb2 ;nr tic jh-jv?;recie'?"to wards collecting an authentic ncoount
of the adventures o. the eariv settJers of Texas; their toils, their camrg, and
their suffering The interesting incidents of the revolution, and thosfr daring
acnievements which have characterized the present contest, will bs care-
fully collected and preserved for the columns of our journal.
A brief history of those who have distinguished themselves on the field of
battle, or in the halls of legislation, will he-incorporated with other subjects in
tne successive immners oi mr paper, s. ne nooie spirits oi me Alamo, tne mar-
tyre of La Bahia, ana thb heroes of San Jacinto, will Hot be forgotten. Their
names will be handed down, their bravery for the pattern, and their memory
for the veneration of posterity. .
The annual messa 'es of the president will be placed on our pages, -with oth
er public documents whose preservation in such a form may be important.
The paper will be iasued in convenient form ; and efforts will be made to
render it worthy of careful preservation: that it may be a publication to which
general referronce shall be made hereafter, for correct information on import-
ant facts in our history.
Interesting itpm of inteliicenca will be communicated, and also the most
important genera' 'tv.'s and ju'llciai decisions of the supreme court.
foiitical que-Ciis w.h notue discussed; yet the right is reserved of the lree
spression of opinion on all the measures of the various departments of the gov
The editorial department will be conducted by W. W. Hall.
Teejis of ounscKiPToiN. Three dollars in Jidvance. v211 persons subscrib
ing after the first Ortober next, will be required to pay five dollarsjn advance.
Houston, J une 7, 1oj7. j3-
- TEXAS IiAN SAIJB. '
Y virtue of an act of the general cougress of the republic of Texas, passed
at their last session, authorising: me to have surveyed the island of Galves
ton, to be laid oil in lots ot not less than ten, nor over lorty acres each ; ana mat
the said lots be sold in the city of Houston to the hij,hest bidder at public auc-
tion, on the second Monday in November next. The public ;re hereby noti-
fied that the said island will be thus partitioned off in tiers, with suitable and
convenient avenues for ingress and egres3, leading across from the Bay to tho
Gulf shore, and sold accordingly. The terms of sale will be one fourth cash,
and the balance in equal instalments payable in three, six and nine months,
with lien until final payment. The government will guarantee the purchaser
by patent. It is known tljat various individuals under specious pretexts pre.
tend to ho.d claims to this Island; the government, however, are satisfied tha
all such claims are fictitious, and only calculated for speculation, and that the
right oi the property is propwlyin the government. A plan of thp surveys will
be exhibited in Banks' Arcade, city ofNew Orleans, assoonas the work can be
completed. The locality of this Island for commercial advantages is too' well
known to the public to need description; besides its very great and well knowa
advantages for health as a summer residence. If is confidently hoped that afi?
enlightened public will avail themselves of the advantages here offered
City of Houston, June 21, 1837. Sec. of the Treasury.
Q$r The New Orleans Bulletin, Mobile Advertiser, Charleston Mercury?
Richmond Enquirer, Boston Advertiser, New York Star, Philadelphia Gazett
Baltimore Chronicle, Louisville Advertiser and Journal, Nashville Banner aha
Union, will please insert the above until the first day of November next, and
send their accounts to this department, and Ibeir several amounts will be remitted.
TWENTY DOLLARS REWARD.
TRAYED or stolen from this city since the 5th inst. a light gray horse eight
years old, about fourteen hands high, shod on the fore feet, with light color
ed and long mane and tail, dark nose and leers somewhat dappled on the hind
quarters and a small sore on the withers immediately under the pommel of the
saddle. Whoever will return him to the subscriber at Mrs . Mann's will re-
ceive the above reward.
Houston July 13 1837. 78. JAMES CLARKE.
BALED PROPOSALS will he received at the custom bouse at Galvestotr-
until the 1st of August next, for buihling a house for an office and public
store. The house to he forty by twenty feet, two stories high, eight windows?
with twelve lights of 8 by 10 glass, four batten doors, one flight of stairs, two
floors, the lower rough, the upper dressed, tongued and grooved.
All the materiakfurnished on the spot.
Port of Galveston, July 4, 1837. 78-2t G. B0RDEN, Collector.
custom: house kegulatioks
For the district and Port of Gake&ioiu
ASTERS of -vessels and all persons concerned in the shipment of goods-
wares and merchandise, are notified that the rules and regulations of the
custom houses in the United States, are now adopted in this republic so far a
the law and circumstances will permit. All reports thorefore, presented, and all
business done at the custom house at tralveston, will be required to be male ana
executed in conformity thereto. Masters of vessels on arriving must attend to
reporting and entering as sneci6ed by the laws; and will not be allowed to land
any baggage or goods, until consignees and passengers have made tb necessary
entries at the custom house, nnd obtained permits for that purpose.
Consignees, Importers, or their agents will make their entrieiofalrgocds
wares nnd merchandise, accompanied by the original invoices to be examined,
previous to landing them.
Shippers will be particular in designating packages by numbers which
ha9 hitherto been much neglected.
No bank bill will be received in payment of duties except such a will
pars at par in the city of New Orleans; and any amount due tbecuitom house
Ies3 than five dollars, to be paid in specie.
Vessels bound to this district will hereafter do their business at this place-
Business hours from 9 A. M. till 4 P. M .except on Sundays, when the of-
fice will be closed .
1st July 1337. 7S-t G. BORDEN, Collector.
HAVING done business in the land oiiice of Austin's Colony previous to tU
b"ing closed, and durins that time hnvinr attended to tfie entries of ap-oli'-a
ts for land, and nn thi icu.n I am anno ci with freaucnt enquiries re-
1 tiv t to selflioiis. Thi": the-tfee, t? s:ve r.t!ce, thai the land napers havs
(been cut into the possesion of J. 7 Perry and nr-fslf.fo-the purpose of ma
king the returns of the late emprrario S. F. Austin to the government, in pnr-
! i'.ance of a resolution of the senate nnd having positive orders from the state
ue ii i iicuniHi. iu uiaivt- nu umci u- ui me papers ueiunein io mrum" "-',
it is hoped application will not he made to me for information relotrv So ir-
cys and locations, as it cannot be given G. BORDEff .f.
May 16, 1337 63-tf
Hi Innr exnOrlencO
eutitle him to a share of public patronage.
Houston, June 5, 1837.
HALF A LEAGUE QP LANJ FOR SALE.
WISH to sell a half league of Land-.he othsr half belongs to Mr- Job"
M, hn now resides at Houston, and who also wishes to sell. This Jeaeue
ofland is fronting on the-river San Jacmto; part wohsd and part praine;
welllectedVandconvenlenttonavigation. The timber fc of the largest growth
of oak, cypres,, and pine. Tha prairie part i, to eqnj nJ
lend m tbe lower country. iDuutuiiugi)w, :-'- j
right was ckared by me on nam.- & mQ
New Washington, May 20, -1837. -3m tf
LL pe-sir.s are hereby fo-MJ from cutting- timber, or committing any
trespas, upon a tr it of hd contsin?n- five hundred and fifty-five acres
which has been claimed by Mans Dsfaiunies The subscriber is" the sole
j owner of the said land, and no one is authorized to exercise any control upon
j the premi5e3 except himelf.
tiOHSton. July IB, lOHf. 73-3t IMiStLX TXBK.WiSai.BK.
J rf 1AKEN UP, by David Pevehou-o, on the Brazos, one mare mule, ten yearsr
X old, iron grey color EDOut :i' nai, ann tV balance a yellow prowu ,,
Spanish brand" on the near ehr-cder and near hip, an d on the other thigh ; val-
ued at $25. " .
Houston, Jule 21, 1837. 70-3t d: W. C. HARRIS c- C.
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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 28, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 29, 1837, newspaper, July 29, 1837; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47941/m1/3/: accessed January 16, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.