Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 32, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 22, 1837 Page: 2 of 4
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T E L E G R jfePH.:
EDITED BY FRANCIS, MODELEta.
HOUSTON, TUES D A YATr&lf ST 22.837.
All letters and papers directed to Texas from the United States
should be postpaid, and directed to the care of J. Brent Clark New Or-leansT-"
Candidates for representatives in congress. ,
Harrisburg. Maj. Wm. Lawrence, T. J. Gazley, Maj. Benjamin
.F. Smith, Lieut. William E. Miilen. M. J. Falvel. Gonzales J. D. Cle-
.mentSj Ezekiel Williams. Austin. Thomas Barnett. Matagorda.
Thos. J. Hardiman. Brazoria. John A. Wharton, Patrick C. Jack,
-Mathew u. ratton, and Anson Jonee. Washington W. W. Gant. W.
yW.HilI, (the Iao members,) and J. R. Jenkins. Gonzales Ezekiel
i,. Candidates for senators in congress from Washington.
- Jesse Grimes, (the late member,) is opposed by Dr. G. W. Barnett."
J - 1
! Outadvertising colums have encroached so far upon our limits for
miscellaneous matter, that we are this week compelled to issue two num-
bers of the Telegraphin order to accommodate our correspondents.
We acknowledge the reception of a communication from the pen
of ex-president Burnett; it will appear in our next.
ail a . Appointment by the President.
nui-iCol. Bernard E.Bee, has been appointed Secietarv of War.
- The Invincible it seems has "caught a Tartar" in the schooner
which she lately sent in as a prize. This schooner is the Eliza Russel,
an English vessel from Liverpool ; she has a valuable cargo of dry goods
belonging to,Mexicans, on board, but nothing contraband of tear. This
capture therefore was contrary to the express orders issued from the
Nkvy Department. The1 president after a careful investigation of the
case, has commanded her immediate release.
11 We have Teceived a' few numbers of thu Matagorda Bulletin, a new
jpaper published in the beautiful and flourishing town from which it de-
rives4its name., t This paper is about the size of the Telegraph, is
printed upon' a handsome sheet, with excellent type and contains
a very interesting variety of miscellaneous and original matter. We
feel a peculiar pleasure 'in recommending it to the patronage of our citi-
zens ; by4 liberally contributing to the support of periodicals like this,
tge.best interests of our beloved country are promoted. Its intelligent
and talented editor appears determined to direct his efforts with an eye
-single to the good of his adopted country. His prospectus which ap-
pears in another page will 'answer for him.
f A gentleman just arrived from Nacogdoches states that a party of
ithejnortherri'hostile Indians nave lately visited that place to sue for peace.
1 youngan ty the narae of Jackson M. Parker was lately killed
near the Nueces byi a party-of Tonkewa Indians. He was engaged with
acompanyf6f herdsmen in collectingScaltle for the army. They had dri-
ven into a pen a large drove, when three or four oxen broke from the en-
closure -and, escaped to? a Munquite thicket, Parker with only one com-
panion went in pursuitjand -while searching the thicket was shot down
byVmeof the Iridians, lio was eoncealed so near to him that the flash
of the rifle burned his coat.
Soveral gentlemen recently from Bexar state that a large war par-
ty of the Coraanches are laying -waste the whole country for many
mileB-wesi of tHe'Rio' Grande;1 nearly all the wealthy Mexicans in that
quarter, are removingViih their families towards Zacetecas fearing the
approach, of the Texian army which they believe will soon succeed the
' Mr. Bifchannah of the firm of Hensly & Buchannan, was lately
killed near the Sevilla by a party of Indians. It appears that this gen-
tleman and Mr. Hensly went out to catch their horses, and while thus
occupied we're assaulted by fifteen or twenty Indians; Mr. Buchannan
was instantly, shot down: Mr. Hensly fortunately made his escape af-ter-Tevenging
"the death of his partner by shooting down at his side one
of the foremost of the murderers.
GEOGRAPHY of TEXAS.
,, t Boizndaries. This county is bounded on the north and east by
the county of Nacogdoches, on the south by the county of Xiberty, and
on the west by the Trinity river. According to an act establishing
thiSjCounty, its, boundaries arenas follows :
"beginning on the east bank of Trinity river, at a point two
leagues above the mouh of Kickapop creek; from thence in u north-
easterly direction, to the Nechez, at the mouth of Big Pine creek
thence up the'Nech.ez to the thirty-second degree of north latitude-
thence due west to the Trinity river; thence down the said river to the'
place of beginning.1' t
u Son. -wn PRomjcTioifs. The soil of this county is generally good
and of a mulatto color. Near the Neches it is somewhat sandy. "Near the
Trinity it is excellent, and -the hickory uplands in the northern and
central parts present some of the finest arable lands in America. This
county is uo new; that few of its agricultural resources have yet been
developed:, corn, cotton and potatoes, are nearly the only vegetables
which have yet been cultivated.
Surface. This county is a continued series of rolling swells or
gentle undulations overshadowed by one almost continuous forest
Near the Trinity area few small Prairies, the largest of which is Mus-
tang Prairie, only two miles broad and of a circular form.
Streams. There are no large streams in this county, it iB howev-
er remarkably well watered, by innumerable small streams and springs
of pure and wholesome water, which together with the pure atmosphere
render this one of the healthiest sections of Eastern Teas '
Forest Trees. This county of forests presents a great variety of
uuiuoi, uiuuug wuivu ivu . -uiun. ttiuiuii, linden, Hickory,
"Black Jack," almost every species of oak, elm and in the southern and
eastern portions immense quantities of Pine of the best quality.
' Minerals. Iron ore abounds in the northern part; beds of arottn
limestone" are "occasionally found beneath the surface. In the middle
and northern1 'parts are found great numbers of petrified trunks of Vat
Oaks, imbedded in the soil, some in a horizontal position, but most of
them arq nearly upright and leaning towards the north, as if they had
Been fastened in that position by the alluvial deposite in which they are
imbedded precipitating suddenly from a current flowing from the south
and partiallyefevating them on one of their ends. They are generally
of a light grey or reddish brown color, are so hard that they give fire
with steel, and preserit distinctly the form of tho trunks of the Post oak
vn to the knots. They are evidently a variety of Acatized wood.
-FARMERS OF TEXAS.
What have our members of congress done for us in making a land
law to enable us to procure our lands? They were sent by us to make
laws for us agreeable to the constitution, and were sworn to do-so; they
have passed a land law saying the whole republic of Texas shall be sec-
tionized by running one base and four meridian lines, when it was pre-
sented to the president for his approval. See what he sajs, "The first
and principal objection I have to make to it is, the provision was for sec-
tionizing the whole republic, by a base line and four meridian lines; the
utility of running such lines as those above mentioned, with respect to
the object supposed to be contemplated by them, I own I am not able to
perceive: and when I consider that the bill expressly declares that no
survey, either past or future shall in any way be affected by them, I
cannot refrain from supposing that there is no intention of making any
use of them whatever, in which case the mere running them, would but
too plainly appear a am and useless labor, incurred for no conceivable
purpose, it it snouiu De saia mat tnese lines are required to be run in
obedience to the requisition of the constitution on the subject, it mav
be replied that the constitution is not so easily satisfied. It says indeed
that the whole territory of the republic of Texas shall be sectionized, in
a manner to be prescribed by law, but it goes on to say that it shall be
done in such a manner a" to enable the officers of government, or any
citizen to ascertain with, certainty the lands that are vacant, and those
that are covered by valid titles. Is the running a base line and four me-
redian lines such a sectionizing of the country as will enable any one
to ascertain vacant or located lands; and can it be the mode of sectioni-
zing meant by the constitution? If it is not, what are we about to do?
To disregard the constitution, and in so doing violate our oaths for my
own part, I am not willing to make so great a sacrifice, whatever others
may think themselves justified jnaoing," as much as to say if you violate
your oaths, I cannot examine their votes, their oaths, the constitution
and law; then you may judge how correct the observation made by the
president and whether those members who voted tor ttie bill, considered
the interest of our country or not: after receiving this warning they
passed the bill by a constitutional majority; whether it was a constitu
tional vote or not, 1 leave you to judo-e jor yourselves alter a thorough
examination. The votes in the house nf representatives stand thus:
For the bill the Speaker of the house, Archer, Arnold, Baker of Aus
tin, JtJaKer ot Matagorda, iJiIhngsley, Bovd, JBranch, Burnham, Cheno-
weth, Cartwright, Gant, Hill, Hooper. Lewis. McKinney, West, White
and Wright. Noes Allen, of Milam, Allen, of .Nacogdoches, Brush,
Geraghty, Holman and Roman. The vote of the & enaie I could not as
certain, nor can I account for those who were absent. I think a good
plan would be to lay off the country in surveyor's districts, to be govern-
ed by section lines, something like sixty miles square, say ten ranges of
sections, six miles square; aud each surveyor to make a olan of his dis-
trict with the section lines through it, which would enable him to lay
down all the old surveys and have this plan subject to the cxa.-nination
of any person who might wish to see it; this would show the inolwidual
at a glance all the lands that have been taken up, and those that an va-
cant; when he could make his own entry. The present law will not
enaoie any man to enter land but the surveyors, and they will be su
Texas found in the best credit and commercial standing; men whom
Texas has reduced to a suspension of payment, and whose services have-
been too vell known by many very many citizens of Texas to be contra-
dicted, vizw. the Messrs. Tobys, and should any of our pretending offi-
cers aUempt thuato traduce the best friends of our country, for the pur-
pose of placing their services above their true value, I trust there will
always be found virtue enough in OHr citizens to vindicate the traduced,
and to show that those who speak of the services of the Messrs. Toby's
from a knowledge of facts think differently from the intimations contain-
ed in that report, I beg leave to refer the public through the medium of"
your paper to the following extract of a letter to a gentleman in this city,
from the Agent of this government now in the United States settling
with the different Agents there.
"I examined carefully into the accounts of the Toby's, and jeally
am of the opinion that they have been much traduced, Ifound Toby him-
self, frank and candid about all matters, and I look upon him asa very
honorable and upright man, and consider that it would haye been well
for Texas had she always employed such men to do her business in this
country." A CITIZEN.
HOUSTON PBICES CURRENT.
BoTTEh, scarce, - - per lb. 50c 1 Lujiuei:, - - - per M $50 c 70
Bacon, - 20 a 25 .' Lard, scarce - - - 18r 20
Corn, ----- per sack, $5 Mousses, scarce, - $lal 12J-
Coffee, - - - per lb. 17 a 20c Mackerel, - - - - 18 c 25c
Cheese, scarce, -.--- 37 J Rice, --- jo a 12c
Flour, none. Sugar, ----- J 15.a50c
STRAYED or stolen from the subscriber, in the.city of Jifcustoo, a sorrel
horse, 9 years old, about 16 and a half bands high, a sho& od the left foot
both hind feet white, and some white in his forehead r and a bay horiey9 year
old, about 14 hand" high, both ears cropped. They are both Americanhorses
and no brands The above reward will be given for the delivery of said'
horses to Patrick or Kelcev of this city or $10 for either-of them
August 521, 183 7. 843t H. EGGL1STON
THE Ed!tor of the Telegraph will please discontinue the notice inserted-
over my name m the number of last week, as thewhole matter between
Mons. Deschaum es aud myself is fully arranged and. adjusted. ween
Honaton, August 19, 1837. 84-lt JtL TIERESTER
S,,,,, Twenty dollars Beward.
PRAYED or stol;n from Air. Damon's, 18 miles from Colombia, in the-
has a star in the forehead, and branded on the hip M3. IFhoeverwiS retuVn- -the
above poney to the subscriber at Jus store i YVashiuzto. sSzUUL
' 'X r",
"Washington, August 18, 1837.
LL persons in deb ted to the estate of John Chaffin,. deceased,. are-
ea to make immediate navmpnt ntJiaiiiiQ;v,o ., pf.-i. .- i
cannot ho ri, ah LA:ir"-:;-.:"",T'"r' " u'1" lnu
for liquidation according to law.
Marion, August 15, 1837. 84-4t
All those having ckiims against the estate will present them
ject to enter on lands already taken up by some other person. Thtf A NDFOR SI.E at this office, "A Collection of ldaHVn,' f ?
surveyors are not bound to show any man vacant land ; thus we are LoL relative to Land Titles in Texas. swunwejvnacttaent-
compelled to pay them their own price ; each one has his own district laid ugU8t 19' 18 37- ' '
on and no other person is allowed to survey in it. Those nereons who
have purchased claims and formed companies can pay a surveyor for
uidKing au meir entries, ana pay mm a good price tor his services, as
mey can give mm a large job, but not so with one individual who has
but one tract to enter; he must pay well for it. I have heard some of the
members say the expense would be too great for us to pay. Did you
ever get any thing valuable without payinp- for it! Had we not better
pay something that would keep us out of law suits and secure to us our
homes, than to be involved in law and loose all? I think we had. By
running two lines lines through our country at right angles to each oth-
er, (you may call these base and meridian lines. Bemn at the cross
ing of these lines, and every twelve miles running will close a section of
six mues square, this at three dollars per mile, will be thirty-six dollars;
a surveyor's district of sixty miles square would make one hundred sec
tions, at thirty-six dollars per section, will make three thousand six hun-
dred dollars, what is that for government to pay and prevent endless lit
igation, wnen one person would lose more than the whole amount in
one single suit. Some persons say it will take too long to sectionize
thecountry; they must either have bad iudffment or never have made
any calculation. Let every surveyor have a deputy for each range of
aecuoua ; a gooa surveyor wm run six miles per day it industrious ; then
each surveyor could sectionize his district in twenty days alter all his
hands commenced work, suppose it should take them forty days which
will only be three miles a day, to run which any man can do if he can
survey at all. If our good members of congress had made a law (as the
constitution intended) when they met at Columbia we could have enter-
ed our lands and been improving them before this time.
I wish every man who loves his county to examine the nroceedintrs
of our members (we have a rieht to do so. and form his own oninions
without regard to wha others may say, and I am convinced we will do
oetter man we nave done,
THOMAS J. HARDIMAN,
Brazoria. August 15. 1837.
Gentlemen: Your candid exposition of the railroad. naviVation and
banking company has generally met the approbation of the people of
mm county; ana we are determined, solar as it is m our nower. to
carry out the opposition so nobly begun by you; for we believe it a du-
ty we owe ourselves, and our country, to meet and -crush this monster
in its embryo, lheretore, we wish through the medium of your paper,
to call upon those, especially those of this county, who have or may an-
nounce themselves as candidates for a seat in our next congress, to de-
clare their sentiments in regard to this bank, as we are determined to
vote for none but its opponents: and those who do not make this decla
ration, we shall set down as its friends, and from rill such shall withhold
This is a call we believe we have a rieht to make, and likfiwi'sn wa
believe it equally the bounden duty of those who ask us for our votes,
io give us men- canoia sentiments upon tms, or any other subject that
may agitate the country. We are sick of selfish legislation: wo wish
our future legislation to be for the good of the community, not for the
memDen oi congress only. We have had one congress to represent
liseu; we now want one to represent the people.
FROJf THE VOTERS OP THE COUNTY OF BRAZORIA.
To the Editor of the Telegraph:
Dear Sir: I have hoped that some person more directly concerned
than myself, would have saved me the trouble of appearing in your pa-
per as taking notice of a production which appeared in one of the num-
bers of your paper over the signature of T. J. Chambers, Esq., purpor-
ting to be his report to the Secretary of War. I shall not meddle with
the justice or injustice of his pretensions to the command of the army,
because I view that strictly as a matter between Mr. Chambers and the
government. That he has been active in Kentucky in defence of our
country I have no doubt, and whether acting under legal authority or
not, 1 feel that he is to a certain extent entitled to the gratitude of every
citizen of Texas, and I witnessed with regret, the great difficulty that
his iriends encountered in June last, in getting congress to pass a vote
ot thanks to Mr. Chambers for his services. Because I view ingrati-
tude as the worst of crimes and of all others most calculated to discour-
age and destroy the exertions of our friends, because it is human nature
that it you abuse your best friend he will desert you as unworthy, and it
is right that it should be so. It is with this view of tho subject that I
notice the report above referred to. Because there I find an act of in-
gratitude which I cannot forbear to notice, an imputation in itself, a slan-
aer, and directly leading to a conclusion that is false, and that too direc-
ted against men who have higher claims upon the gratitude of the citi-
zens ot levasj , than any of our oun citizens, men who have rendered to
loxas mors aid than any others either at home or abroad; men whom
T virtue of
7"uUe Je"ers of administra.tion,granted to-me by the mn
hos. Barnett, (judge of the county of AustinVon tHcir-
a. j. James, ueceasea, i nerenynottty alt persons indebted'to- sard es-
tate, to make immesdiate payment; and all personsiaving claims against
the estate, toprcsenf them for settlement- a i " &
Fort Bend settlement, July 30, H333L 82-3t&
- , a -j-
Lo;t, i .,
S0?1 in December last, a note clrawnon.JFaison B -Hardih..DavnMa-to
the firm of Caldwell & JV!iler:-3lf ter dfssolntion of cSgbL
came the property of Thomas C.itfwell in the amonnfof fifty dollars to -discharged
in merchantable beef t:attle. Alipersom areberebv forbintrkd?
for said note, as W. B H ardin hits been duuV notified, and ffi4?SSSSj
note to any person but the undei si, pied.
august in iod. aa-at
A special meetinof the boar d of commissioners of roads anffrerenne beinr
called for the Thursday ne xt after the first .Monday in September, for Si-
purpose of takine measures for raisimfrthe mnn. nf . ..ui.- t?..J.
for and defraying the expenses nf the county of HarrisBnr-notice is heS'
given that tilf that time, applical lions will be receded fnr-tf !S?!!?Z- I
S0emadfableprOpertyinth,'e fr""""-" e- ft.'ipjKU''
Houston, August 15, 1837. t 83-2t Al SRISCOEC. J . o
ALL persons indebted to the tate of John S. D. Fjronv deceased 'areret-
qjured to make immediate - payment. Indulgence need Tmt-ifc,. ..V'tSa
as it cannot be given.
payment. Indnlgence need notibe expec'teo '
August 5, 1837. B3-2m HENitY PERCY BREWSTER AdmW,,
AKEN from captain Chap -man's boaVyfngat the steamboat lan-
ding at Houston, on the a 4th July Iasf.a bundle. r.nnfrn;a ,-
nety of wearing apparel, togetl her with a Haversack containg Taluable-
papers, &c, which can be of use i to nc- one- but the owner. The person-
who took them is perfectly welco me to the wearing apparel, p-oyided hV
will send the haversack, with its contents, to the commanding officer oF
this post. No questions will be a .sked. WM.SiSTILWJELL - If
Galveston Island, (Texas,) A tugust 7r 1837.. 83-3t c
TO $icc "" '
AT a sale of lots in. the torn of H fctagorfa made on ihe 4th and" 5t& days
of April, 1831, 1 .If. A. Schultd (row deceased",) purchased tVand olt
lots as follows, viz: of the in lots, bl 6dk Wo. 5j,tier No. 1, Colorado front'of
the town aforesaid, and lot No. 1, blook Ho.2, tier No. 1, Matagorda front of
said tovn ; and out Jot. No. 5 of the old or firstout lotsurvey of said town For
all which property th e said Schulte in his fe time made full payment- "but br
some unknown cause, tbe certificate or evidence of his right has been lost or
mislaid, and cannot b e found. Therefore, sboulfl'any person have-any know-
ledge of said certifica te, or should any peroon have purchased the safd'proper-
ty of said Schulte before his death, they site hereby, requested to make the same-
known, either to the undersigned who is oeentand attorney in faetof thele-ali
heirs of the said Schulte, deceased, or to Col. I.E Lewis, of Mataeordaat any,
time within three moi iths frera the date of ikisadviTtisement. Shonrd no in-
formation be obtained of said certificates within the before named period, then
said property will be sold at public auction as per. notice which will then be'
given, for the benefit of the legal heirs of tbe said I. H. A. Schulte, deceased,,
and the titles may issu, from the board of proprietors (or person authorized to
make said titles,) of the town aforesaid, direct to the purchaser of said oro-
Matagorda, July f5, 1837. 83-6t P. W. GRASMEYER.
HE subscriber offers for sale a complete assortment of Garden.
Seeds, by retail or wholesale. J. PATMQ
Harrisburg, A ugust 16. 83 3t
HAVING been appointed administrator of the estate of John Fran-
cis Ward, all persons indebted to said estate-arfi J,ProW ,..,
ted to settle the same immediately. Those having claims against the
same, must present them within the time required by law or they
will be barred, JOHN FISHER' Awi,
Houston, Augusf. 12, 1337. g23t
THIRTY DOLLARS REWARD.
STOLEN from the subscriber, near Houston,, a small duskv white
BULL DOG, very low, heavy built: his nndr ith vm-v ntL
ble; large head. The dog was taken out nf tmvn uvn mnnfhc npo
The above reward will be given for the dog, or fifty for the thief with the!
S- SHELBY SiIITH.
Houston August IS. 1837, 83-3t
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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 32, Ed. 1, Tuesday, August 22, 1837, newspaper, August 22, 1837; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth47945/m1/2/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.