Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 1, 1838 Page: 1 of 4
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.IKBAiMB &SBP 'aSKSA
k w. :
1ZTJB&JtIS-5 in adyamce.
ifr ' r --
lBY OREJGER &. MOORE
i IJIJLISHED, WEEKLY, BY CRUGER .&t MOORE.
,J$F 03 Xnuiber to constitute the year.
- "J-liEIUIS: Sufcmptfon, Five Dollars a year,' payable inad-.aii.-ani?
avin Dollars at the exniration of the year.
5 ita-likmr'i One Dollar Tier sonarc for the'first insertion,-
I i -"a fifty, tests loreacli continuance eigni lines miw".
i r$l a square. Marriage and Obitnary Notices of more than ttiree
"L . - ' . .' i t? l-, nnneiria
.qcjieaca; Uardsoi passengeis.wo.-annouuteuicuf.." .---- -
' noliricaKo'ffices, will be 'charged at the common rates .of ad-
'BAll aavertisemeatsto be paid for.ia advance. All Letters
Easiness ititist bo post paid or tbey will not be attended to.-.
ARP.NTS Tn.the V. States. Fdwaro Halt., New Orleans;
):'Kelit & Co. Booksellers, Slobiie; Boyd& Suvdvm, Major
JiiSonTOs, New York; Dk.,E. h: AUcoJf, Greensborbugh,- Oa.
PSt-.TT' TW-rnrln-.W" .W. Rhepird. Monfcro nierv:' Judge Usher
v"r.-Ji jeroj. baily, hay oo- iiojjwy, )iuuiwiuu, .....
kBifrana: JRowje, Saii" Augusune; D. C.' Co.-reikoHABi, Basfrp
T. . JJouoLAss, iNacogaocne3;Jos,PH in. uaksakd, xucuuuuu
vti Atres, CentreiuiU
2'o iie. Editor of the Telegraph,
ir-srn Under the .impression mat some iiiieiugi:iH.is
;.!? aacerniTimtbejrelijno.ns .condition of Texas may be of
fSf - 'ttSfest to vour numerous readers. I 'have concluded
4: , ., 'tf'iiin"tMt,-nlt!-LMj.r.c.'ilAinnnf nn ill!-? SllliU'Cl.
it 57" u... 0v...r. ---. :. .m.
. i antecedent to, iho. dpciara;ign.oi inueiuiiueiitc, una
"$nntrywas partially urider ibe influence of a corrupt
;M'bidle'li priesthood. A TeV-jPrp'testaiit ministers
-f,diHerenlTdenominatio'ns"were here arid iwhilc -some
alu'theicisitudes ' 'ne
leave 'no .very
eir capacity of
-slid the sunshine of beace is beaming upon tli8.lree.pf
i omibeUlih'ayoccupie3ltHi9"rep"'iWi iiiBfiJd-
ibtlv. iiir uinereniriEauiii" Lfiuicaiaui ucuwuiiiitiiiuiia
ir.aisMOiisry "elforts. In lilts grand enterprise, liie.
Inisr.uDat-rnlethodbl'B haioi. taken. :ho mustprrmiinen
-- W1T3- lfwf. !.'i l.inr1liVAVllITJ;,r,rTrilirfl fJ:"lfri'hfV4-f-
r'eeuunureti ino nisy jjiewoers iiuu nutyiuneiiviiEra;.
a..i i ..i ..i-.:, a.i ...r ..n;,i -ii4v
, diU Ul VVllUJH a(C llitjiiii-u .Itiu CIliMUIifc fliiu- ",
iriso pnni-irc nlmnet nverv -fottlenicnl. vjl!a?:c. town
Pi-'iAtft?, ui'iniS' jofjiit rfr"'!iitc,,occ;isicnallj' JicsrsThe
t lhiti. ntinfl
in? .saurnl of the jrnsne!
sir?Tbci.!d' Pfcsuyiunsns, the" umbete rvwDvien-
:lhcu:'niiTnberabiuighal!.'ti)evicisitii(!e o the
ZAsij'.'Xl'tt?-TirtTuiewti ,xC lUn iminrtTn li 'onn7r flf
tt.'VUUUI'll'ia WA iuilMUkuiuw M""lw" "
,Sv A.'-tHmsuoihersnaire,conaucieu so as 10
1 J J favorable impression eithefWregards ti
rV ? weir pictu. .Since tbe.-Etorms ofwarhart
Wi . tf.tho. f'rrLTni lijeinr.atsi aixu utu -jjru'? -
V '-ill-Mr Dtou-j and- efficient laboc&iii itiisjiiDrsi vyisyjira;
t v 'jUntas-" regards fte' precise -numberof.iriinister?, nrenv
Sv; jpcis or churches beljMiging loeitlier otthqscr.deau:nIna-
r M tirtns,-"! am, not "prepatci ML Bay;;.no?-shdutdiJaerV.brs:
J - ' b'litl'uXu'ilvTiVttie 'masnemdissiderafuni VbejtcrMtt
. vss rr,-i'u -.. - .. , -
. tTl r 1 -C: IT.rt-fts;.. ihi rv.n'.l innci
riit r Kn4nnr.MnA,mVM Xive-tvititinri nnA inlrnrT?-
"i. . ' lliodisls, Prcsbvterlahs-'6r SapirstsVal'iareJabororsrsiirt
j-'d j sioald &ift5iKaidrtr-imhc grwt yinoyard:Qf ytt-fr
j !Hii !1jiiiii un:n ui 1:1 ir. w..i'f. i.uw." n ..., . ..
ir - w-'ornir sS iiisurmni v. uever 10 cast 3 6tinne o.vcr.
- IhedeliciuiiS fruits of piety, Henperahca &v.iyaitic Eel;
eyery .Vio dresser, wnctnor tie use :nc pronuig aoo ,
.riVickio or.tfiesvthe. be viailsnt-inclearinrr nnu cul-
KPO),. . 11, .. -) .1 iUt 11. ifir. nnti'imn ntinilrlnnl fmita
i? . .(tin? the :
iilla 'J kittle St HI. .MWB..VM.. .--..-.-.- .
4'JrSt,n; Nacoedociies,. aud San -Augustine, with, ncr-
J If Si several other places, are blessed with tbqsc-in-
The Key.-IL Alosander,.brougl3t from the cily pf-?:
4 j , C1 jt t ll... iintnmnni, .tfrtfrA!"!! l,I1t,
drid lojuraes of Sabbath, school books,- and scveial.
thousand pages of jeh'gioi'S Iracj? The jabbath school
ifTvashinsinu. is- welL supplied yHli the. former, and
he'wlitiVtt-.community yith tiie latter:' - -. -. -
the.sublime truths of the gospel. A. goodly num-
ber havia "nlready-been made partakers of its'divihe
Creastire: and 'Sotivithstandine-much has been Hone by
jneans lor sue ueiism- una tuiuuiuun i.urvi-. i.u-
die pious and" benevolent for the general .spread of the
jdspel on this fair, portion of the globe; yetinuch, very,
. mach still remains to be accomplished, before thatsa-
sretnhjunction of the Lord Jesos Christ is complied
with,-"Go' ye into all the world and preach the gospel
lpJeBery creature." May the Father, of all mercies send
felthful laborers into.
tbisf part ofhis moral vineyard,
mclion from on high, until "the"
J? fwx6fei, T5tcosnei?anii j7fic!cc"may be roalizcii,
ifrfta niiMen'fea" Jot crder, ' Uriur and intelligence,
??Wlh schbalsare eslalilished aad being established,
.lilinerent sections M tuisTe'pubUc:- -.Houston, Wash-
War annninted with the unction
r-..-. .... . - ti.. . , - ,t f .1' - 1 .i.--
liji -wtirivmpjKrsnsstse solitary piace snail ue siau, anu ine
"f5"serr ryoicerd'blbssom rasthe'rose." A TEXtAN.-
I" The following by W. M. Pread, is not only apeauti-
k rfooenj. but one of the best charades ever written.
-, - A CHARADE.
Come .from my first, ay, come! - '
The-battle dawn is nigh: ( . ,-? . '
And the screaming.trump", andthe. thund'ring dram
Are calling'thee to dieL
?ighrt'as thy father fought,
Fall as'lhV' father fell
Thy task is. taught, thy shroud iswrought:,.
Sa forward! and farewell! , '.
' Toll ye, mj' Second! .toll! . v -
y Fiing high the flambeau's" light-' J
And sing the hymn of a parted soul, "'.
Beneath the silent night! ". '- '
The. wreath, upon liis head, ' r-
The cross upon his breast, - ,
Let the prayer be said, and the tear be shed:
Sj takeiiimto his rest! - '.
Call ye, my Whole, aye, call!; ' " -'""'
The lord of the lute, and lay! '
f And let him greet the sable pall , "
"" ,, With a noble song to-day
Go, call him by his name,
., No fitter hand may crave ,
To light the flame of a soldier's fame
On the turf ol a soldier?r grave.
From Chambersl Edinburgh Journal.
IrH'E BATTLE O.F BANNOCKBURN.
The following account of this celebrated victory is
Extracted from a History of Scotland, just published by
Mr.. Benllv,- of London, in, two small volumes, and
'f.vhich is the composition of -one of the editors of the
Sdiburgh Journal. I ho work is calculated for the use
ITf-.iiung people between school and college, at abou-
Tto enter life, and, for lhi"purposej aims chiefly at givt
ling an intelligible and comprehensive view of the polit-
ica h'rstnry of the kingdom. There U a very mista-
Ken.idca that the- history of Scotland ends with the
-jiinioh of the crowns in 1603 merely- because there
Ea no" longer after that period a separate king to be
chronicled. On the contrary, thchistory of the nation,
'differ it lost its king exceeds, in interest all that went
lbbfore,Hnd is always more, and. more, worthy of attention
$as it-advances to the present lime. Under this view, the
- present writer Has devoted the half of his work to the
' history after 1603 and brings-the narrative, in as .am.
Aula a form as possible, down to the passingof the Reform
iBilsl last year. We ore forbidden, by obvious consider-
ations, to S3y anyhing respeeting the style or manner
rsof'this little' work: but we may be permitted to remark,
jJiGat in design, extent and price, it serves a purpose" not
4 served by any other existing compilation"! -
i"For,sever.il vcars,KingUobert'jva3 incessantly em-
ployed in skirmishes with the girri3ons which the Eng-
lish king miintained in Scotland" or in contending with
those native lords of the soil who were adverse to his
Claims. In the coursepf this partisan warfare,- he was
Ilfenmp.timcs at Hie Jiuau.oi u iiuiTcnuiuarii.
nv . ... 1 .to . ..., .- j .
rvr .. . .,. t .f-i- e..i -.
party, "lu ouwc-
' -Bmca. a" sin"ln fusirfvc purancd Uv W'-jil fiDJUS'U.
4 fciroutfhont all his irjffltudps he seem: to hive inva
I rlablv-Pnjoyca thcgid jvisiiea of the ommrn people,
to-whnm his c'ise jv"cfi3efeil by ii- being Uicir own,
who alwavr found irao means 01 asstsiing anu
Published Twice a Jtfeek dur
supporting him, however, controlled in general by
thdr landlords. At length,, by a. series of minute mili-
tarj transactions,- which almost tires the reader of old
chrWles, he' found'himself, in 1313, in possession of
everf-forlfess-bf any consequence in the kingdom, ex-'
cepi3i;rlipg, with ibc'governdr of which his brother
EdWlrd'madc-a paction .that, unless'relioved by, on
Ehglfeh army before midsummer next'' year,-it should
be deivered into the hands of the Scots.
It wis this.circumstanec that led to the celebrated
battle !qf Bannockburn. "By which the independenreof
fccollatd was deitmed to be so lolly and deihmtely as--serted.t
Robert himself was, m'uch'distressed when' he
learneathe terms which his brother had' made, as he
wellknW that the chivalrous spirit of the age.' would
make it necessary that an English army should be
broughtto rescue the castle'; a;yisit w'hich'he' could have5
as well oared, if.with" honor.- The-principles'of.chiv-airy,
however, had asjjtrong'a hold of Bruce's mind.as
theycoua have in any "men's of that age"; and while
still reffidtiuff thexause?he determined on meetino- the
'English; n thus pledged, in fair stricken field.
Ashclilu contemplated, the .English kmg;was now
nt length nused, by the terniS of his.trealy.'to under-
take what tie had too lone delavexl a Dersonal exne-
dition to S65tland, andthat: upon -sucha scalcas seem-
ed calculatel to ensure success The army collected. -
tor this purfiose comprehended the whole feudal serviced
of nineiyithrte-jgreiU tenants of lheEnglish crbwn, bcv
oiuuo u. i,uu3iu;iuuiu mike iiuiu-wraiasjinaiireiaaaf ami"r-
some foreign mercenaries. In round numbers it amount- "
cd 'to one hundred thousand men, whereof four'thou's-
and xyere cladtin complete) steel, horse -jand man, and
fifty: thousand ere.archers, each.of whom bore a.bow
as tall asi liiniself.' and- shot nrrnm' n- Vlnihmirfl
JotiffL An' idealmaVvbe formed ofjhejtifinite-pomp-
and circuu)statt-.3' ofhis annyi froih the Fact, as Mlcu-
lalcJSy a, inon!:isii. writer o; the iin) . timt its luggage
;.vagons cxtcadeirwouid nave maoe n iino diie liiiudrcd
fcnu'eighty sni3etiongv Iirceinprised, iiHicetf, the. whole
i pstf. lnftiJe ail the (ir-j'a
iiu'd "admit of. Fortv iti
rtienpbeyca iliu sutiimoas .wlsich called them 10 defend
tne."ji:neendenco pt their wtinlry, -or. see n ,f,irover de-
stfpyedi. Tise5rhef rendezvous?" in-t!ic''ro"r.wdod, near
:bccasi3n;.s'o"as to prcyentahe sppruach of the English
Tmyiblh3t fortress, wjich was, tiie Immediate" object
of. thsf present ,expedttio.n.ri.Jn'thisliost .werc.rnca.fi-oni
Wery.partpf .Sco'tland-Aiigl.o-SIxpiis. trora the vouth
and" east, directions .civilised Calcdonions -froni-thc-ho'rtU-eaatprovincc-.rsiesnau.'fecentht'lraTisfeiTetrfroin
iiiia iUtili uuui jixiik.; fiuy
p:tlas.wcii"as"a;nalipnal att;!mea; f the fortunes! of
KtngJR'obert,.froa!, being thatenants.of his patrimfinial -cstaTps.
One common sentiment animated them ini-
placable hostility against lbs' nation whose ambitious
soVpreigns had.for tairtv- ycatt wrought them so much
evil, joFncil 103 rc-ol'Jtionp;lhT,tp workoiittheircoun-
ry's,de1lvjeranw;f.or todie iti tie" attempt.
When Bruce Jesrned.that the Chgiisharaiv had re:ich
ed Edinburgh," thirty-?ix miles jfrom his position, lie
"drew outjiis troops ii battle arrayupon afield or park,
a little to tbt; south- of Slirlm?; vfRre certain irrec'ulari-
fies.nf grpuiJitMtsGiimrgdtjradvajyajies than if
he had rema'nedpfecisely'm.rro.ntpr"tliattoivnand foTt-
ress. A'rrangeinghis first line in thrte divisions, where- ,
of the, right-'was protected by thl banks of a rivulet
called Brarinockburn, while the left Wed upon the vil-
lage of St. Niniahs.'he himself assumidthe. command of
a second line o'ri.cprsp:-de.re3er.vefWhich consisted -chiefly
of men from1'the remoter partsW his dominions.
The commanders tto wham he entrusgd His foremost
battallions, wero those.''Jiardy warribrivyJio. had fought
Ytv hia cirto ni in hla inlfsrAQf lfirntifTl,f'n.nUTM A:n.1
ofhis struggles for the. crown; one waihis.brother Edr
ward; another his, nepliewf,the celebrjedRandoIph,
Earl of Morray; a' third JTaIter, High Stward'of Scot-
land, who through liis dauehter. 'was.dcSirieil'tX aivpa
"long train of heirs to' thekingdora. It d&s not'appear
that many of the" national-nobility mingley in his army-
iney were sun, pernaps, unaer scrupis as to jhis-
right, or afraid of the eventful triumph of tj ward. Tiie ;
host seems to have chieflV consisted' of vointppr rnW-
.moners, officered (if the expression may be ed) by th"a
king's own band and tellonradventurorsi l'contained'
no.more uian nve nunureaj norse; out iueungrecol-5
leciing the instance ofa late continental ba-Jei where "
.-., y 1 - 1 i7i- . .. . .'
iue c reucu.cavniry wereueieaiea oy r leiiusnpiKeman,
trusted to the 'firmness ofhis ranks, and to thejiedgc of
long spears which they would present- on e.ry side,
for'tno meaus of couuteractingfthis'disadvantag.
On theevening of Saturday,- the 22d June, i'e nor-
mous host of Edward slept' at Falkirk. Coi'muing-'
their march next day, they sppnperceived theWisli
army lying in three or four detached masses alo a se-
ries of gentle heights, "and paiised to consider thpro-
priety of giving immediate battle.. Tliis queslin be-
ing sooii 'determined in thenegative, on acount.
pf the fatigued state of the, army the English soveigrt
caused his men to'encampfor thejnight. v
KingRobert was fidiug abouta front of liis rak8r
attended by a, little cluster of ofircers, from whonbe-
iwas distinguished only by a slight coronel i of gy
-which he wore aboife his helmi?,. when an, Engljj
knight, named Sir Henry.de Bohuf), formed. the amt
tious wish of .entering into privat'ef'combat with hin
in the hope, if successful, of winning, eternal, honor, b,
the end which he would therebyjjul to the whole war.
He therefore set his puwerfoMvar horse in motion,)
placed his lanco in the rest, -and galloped towards the.
King of Scots, who comparatively", -"unarmed, - and'
.mounted on a much smallerlanimal, must have seemed
very ill fitted to withstand the attack. 'B.-pce eyed him
advancing, and, being too much ofakn&Jit to think of
the xpmmandcr at suebjamoment, did noVavoid themcct-
ing, as. might have justifiably dune, butTon the contrary
rode out a little way from his circleof friends, a"s if anx-
ious to afford every advantage to the design of his as-
sailant. He seemed for a. moment to' await '.ho shock
of the English, soldier, and both armies looked in'breath-
less anxiety for a result which they knew was either. to
accomplish, or, mar the purpose for which, tjiey were as-
sembled, and which was. so instantly to4o" expected,
that a twinkle of the eyelid threatened lorqse them the
sight. The moment passed a crash was"-heard and
Robert Bruce was seen still, mounted on his little pal-
frey, while'.Sir Henry, de Bohun lay a nTangled and
.breathless corpse at his feet. The king had&exteiously
"avoided the lance of the English knight, aVid rising in
his, stirrups as ho swept past, had. broken Ii6a3 and hel-
mitand dashed him to the earth by one blowSf his bat
tle axe, which was shivered, to pieces by the plow, leav-
ing only4tho.handIe, within his grasp. The friends who
instantly came round the king could. not help entering
a remonstrance. against his, imprudence, in thus-risking
his life at a time when it was of such importance to his
people. He only glanced at the stump of his weapon,
and remarked, "I am sorry for my good battle ixe."
Ho, considered, in all probability, that though the risk
was-great, yet the. shame of retrea't from'a fair personal
Poinbal, at soeh a moment, would have had a most iin-
favorable olfect tip;n the minus of his soldier?; tilicroas
ail achievement life )Ui Srhfeh long BSptnenco ma c
luwalmost gurejJOTfuTrmhig-lo hi dssiref was calcu-
lated to inspircpiis 4ncn wlltuaddttiani! confidence in
iiuaryrorsTO'ajugiano)sg.ntf-?rs- connacyy uui hu.-.
' waTd'TOticipate "xictofy ijyais itikjik, lhgrju"; brdugiii '"
with him a paelicStl;fiisnkSs-ane,of. t,he -EUpsraotncw;- -
,a,tt, w. OUiCt- fiis SU;C5SSSVodi-fe,VKnr V-im:!;! l;ft '
Surwogja scene -alreatiy haJIpsved to 'palrintism,.from
'liaviiig frequentt'" beeii'-thtf retreat of-Walface, and
IvrnenJ.it wias necessary ."to, raakca ststntt'on the present
n to a. Jcptiittaiipgianceritighlanlrers .de-
frosn the-canie'st' subjects-Ofthe Scotisli Ki'na,
t- :.!.",' '.TTir:ir-.' ',: ':;J'
IIiU!UioV. WHO 9WUS1 iilO-
ing the Session of Congressand Weekly
SATURDAY, SEPTEMBER 1, 1838.
"their leader. '" It was thus with confirmed, though still
modest hopes of success, that the Scots lay down'for
the night; while the English, on the other hand, though'
yet entertaining the highest expectations from their
'numbers, and from' their' national ren'titntinn forsupe-
'rioritVj'were sensibly dashed at the striking omen.
Both armies rose betimes" next morning, and fitted
themselvesvior the encounter.' " The English, who had
spent the night riotously, incldded in their prepara,-
lions only.such arrangements as referred to. the defence
and nourishment of the person. Th'o 'Scots regarded
also the edification of the mind. Willi 'thajt .attention
to things spiritual'.which to this day characterises the
peopl'e.in so remarkable, a, manner, they hea'fdjriafis
iaid by the Abbot of Inchaflray in front of their;lines
bef'iro.b'reakfasf, and afterwards; knelt with,devoui'fe"eIt.
mg, to receive the'personal benediction, of: the holy'
man, whofor' the purpose df'bestowing it, passed'along
bare-footed ami Bear-headed, 3isp!a'ing, ih'his'ha'nds,a
crucifix supposed to bis of iniracuTbusisanctity., The En-,
glish king," .who was now' advancing with his proud
squadrons, .saw this last 'motion of the Scots, and ex-
claimed with delight, that they 'were, kneeling.to. asjt
his mercy. ,To,this,aScotish baron, who had long been
in his service,. made answer, tha'ttheyaskedmeny, but
it.was.fronYHeaven; not from the King of England. ,Ed-
tward concealed his mortification by ordering-the charge
'to be -sounded., . . , . ,
- Firm in-'tlieir ranks, each batlallibn under his local
j)a"nner.anLallbenePlh" thejipn, .staiidardof. Scotland
xttiir.1, Qtrtoll iiiaWn!a fnr jrVAmi"ffiTS. IitrrTioaHnrt-ni
the field being.iixed in .a large earth-fast-stono which
is yefpbinted wo'ut with veneration, the, host of Bruce
awaited the formidable attack, toreslstoryield to which,
promised them independence-;or; everlasting degrada
.tLon. The first-Charge -wasljpade' by the English'cayal-
j-y under tnc earlsut oiouaesior and tisrcicnr, ensu
.vas flrmlv n,c nv thai!i:si-j!iuiidpiMv.-arU Bruce, lbs
I king1-- U.v.th'-r. iji a .., H time ij'e other parts of tfer
EiV'hsir tine raDseuiiOSd-rsesmairSfiotisa eotiwms-ss.-
she Jiniisti arcners. but sving Robert wa'i' furtunafely
able to (ut nspecdy end to that annoyance, by his f-mafl
party ot iiglit nofse, whiwe sttack the bowmen iiati nn"i
proper- moans oj resisting. The b.-iti!e" then became
wlmt-iVsa selfiom-excrapHtled in. .modern warfarg a:
iiand-iXiand'coatcnuos, .in which inajiy-thousanda of
brave pica fought eagsrly and nfaey wTiii cacli other
fcr Honor and. life.- It became a ivjejy xtepded.sn-
gie combat. "It W2s awrfa! at- lifi.y moment;"- ays- it.
flight ut arrows", which maddened tho horses,- the alter.-:
natc sinking and rising nf banners, and the ground
streaming with blood, n! covered with shreds' of ar-
mour, broken spears, pennons, and rich scarf.-, torn and
soiled with olood and clay: and to listen to the groans
of the wounded and dying."
It is generally found" in the case nf a charge iu modern.
times, that the wriuis question is one pf.nerves, not of
comp'iratire muitaay power: and- that -the' par tjvthett-
fore, which besL bears the horros of tits first encuuntet,
is .sure to bo left vistor. Upon this princmlc. it tvoald
appearthat the Scots hiving ha'd iheTortitude to endure
the close tight tor a' certain spice, by virture of that,
high moral tension to which they -were stretched! the
English, as a matter of .course, soon, began totdisplay
mirks of failing resolution. Just at this crisis it haD-
pened thatajarge body of servants and camp follow
ers, wnonaa.Deeu piaceJ by Hing Kobert behind ahiil,
chose to make their uppeirance with sheets displayed
banner-wise, and with wildc.'ies, so as to impress -the,
English wiiu the idea ofa large.force come to the assis-
tance of the. Scotch. No.more was necessary to decide
the fight. The press of battle relaxed. The heavy
masses ofthe.' Eugliah began to sway back like a reced-,
ing tide. The Scotch, hitherto fighting on. the'defep-
sive, began to assume the assailant. Cries of "On 'them!
on them! They fail! they fail!" resounded over the-
field. The king called'outhis ensenyietvith redoubled
vehemence, and charged the enemy with a fury which
nolhing'could withstand. In a second's space'the fate
of Scotland was fixed on the ascendant, .and the enemies
of her independence, who. had just before been, a host
so powerful as to oppress 'the very imagination, became
as worthless and unavailing as the chaff which" flies be-
fere.the wind. ,
The. slaughter on neither side had as yet been great.
It now became immense 'on the hart of the fuin'tives.
.As they pressed through tho nan-ow defiles behind their
position, tne Scots made most grievous havoc among
meiu, miting unresirainea revenge lor tne slaughter
andyippression ofthe last thirty years, and only sparing
suchpersoiiP of rank as promised to produce a good
ransom. The rivulet df .Bannockburn, wbich gave its'
name to the battle, issaid to have been actually bridged
over'wilh the heaps 'of the slain. The King of Eng-
land escaped witha small party, and found his'first rest-
ing placp at Dunbar Castle" sixty miles distant, from
which a. mean fishing boat afforded him a passage to
Englandijalmost as solitary as that of Xerxes, whose
whole story tho present so much resembles. His camp
and baggage, containing immense wealth, became the,
iiaj u uicuwn, nun lunucr gaiucu prouigioua'sums
by the ransom of their prisoners. As a ludicrous com-
mentary upon the disappointed vain-glory of the Eng-
lish king, Bruce caused the poet-laureate whom Ed-
ward had bjpught lo celebrate his triumphs, and wjio
had fallennto the hands of the Scots, to write a. poem
on .the-opiiosite score; with which order the unfortu-
nate monkjcomplied, "though tho bad grace with "which
Jie consented is very evident on the; face. of his produc-
tion. Asv matter; of course, Stirling Castle now fell
nto the'handsof King Robert, whereby his conquest of
ue wnoie.cuuniry was compieieu.
me impressiuu inauu 011 uie pumic minu oy tnis vic-
VyseenisifcLliave been very great; so great as to ex-
Ce the'supegtilions of, 'the people, which ire so inva-
r)ly called-into play in an ignorant ago, when any
thig uncommon or important takes place. Among the
w'l stories tofd of it, one bears a highly picturesque,
andven poetical character. It was said, that on the
day f the vzctoWi "a knight in fair and bright armour"-
Buddtjly appeared on horse back in the market place of
Aberton, where, he related to the people all the par-,
ticulat of the flght; after, which he was' seen riding
jcrosshe Pentland Firth, towards the Orkney Islands.
As AbeJecn is.at least one hundred and forty miles
torn Baiockburn, it was clear that this could scarce,-
y be anyone '.who had beep present at the battle; the
jeople, tbrcforo, considerins the direction in which
tie figurcwas subsequently seen to ride, believed it to
b the sp.ii of St. Magnus, of Kirkwall.. This holy
siade had hosen, no doubt, from motives of patriotism,
t bo preset at the victory, and, iu returning to his
sjrine in Gkney, had thought proper to tell what he
hd witnes.e( 'to'thc good folk of Aberdeen, who from
tlsir distingished loyalty on all occasinns'to Bruce,
mgtitbe suppscd particularly interested in the battle."
'T. ' pi-rs 'in b-liccii to i.nc rnmatn-1 Si ,.
I!'i , have sec ' 5 . it il aje n U t r- si o ,j
Mj-ii-, 'id lo tare become founder of the raino oi
Btton in Scollafil.
c.-.r.if absortwa -aiiti lostan thrt mu'trwdibuR- li-SiJ?:p-4 ro.c"b?i iv.riidsU!jgajt.hc"iKdieneyp-frcpurs'e dis-
nier. hi Uiern, ss-fireK ssner .an(Jnr c.vaiioVl'"ipn;i.,T.ifj:VjrpcsWip;iiau siMf.tinSJ -Thisvariely.oCitas
tiio f. Eyorjt 'tj-hrQ ihs Ssjt:sfiit;fdntrr-)Teolyudk.laTrgSlnu.5-& used fa.tHe3Ssntf -"',
thsir lenglbj' spears to thecKarge.of The E115H.H1 caVuPiftj1ii2V.- VehatepviiTwcpCii3Ufi!ity"vTici tht;esi.
-y and the meif-al-arms", and wcrc'crdryVhers 8jU.'-'twoved. lri-GriiViiripf;"-CL1'';SFf Warerc Cptiaty,. a, '
cesstiiTiw7.-r iolliugty- thes'c.rneanj,attac1;s wiiichiithfjVciiror two-sin.ee", usS!L.it.on.hrslat;3yith .aCrtnticirief"
wise m?.t hay-'ppwersd them.'i"!Vher'&.hct7h'"i'ac'iJLic;'hqiigh .i.heJ5l.ev- : '..
rn-i ctuy -.., ppi--unar ras-.A.je, thc-Scaifishsp':die?j!enibpCirsi'erH
haudlcti his short battls-ai.. ;.n:T-i!t, si tearfarRT-j.jir Jtnorfe. ofGentiesseei -ii.co'mmuD.icated-lotijc-
11.-1.- .u uiru-iomu as m:cu r.s rain traceeaed iroTl '.. --t.il nrScinnre". .in account or his iiSu;r.mpnta with
the remainder of the, Tear,
The, following beautiful linef'.are 'from the pen of
!. P. Ilsely, editor of'the Portlahd Transcript. "
Voyager on life's troubled seaj-S i;
Sailing-.to elerity !' t ?' -,
Turnfrom earthly things 'away .'
Vain ihey are, and brief;theirvstayrjr'
Chaining down tpearth the.h'earf"',
Notliing'las'ting they impart -Voyager!
-whatare'thcy to thee ?
. T.pnVA flmm nil nnrl 'tfnl!f,tv'mp.,
'Traveller oh , the road ofiiie ! ;.'"
Seeking'pleasure finding strife1,. - -,-,.'(
, Kno.w, the world can "never giyejfO '' .,'$,
Augiuch;which.thesoul Cairiive?- "-'
, c urasp .nqt'riches seen not lame-w . .
v5j "Shjhirig' dust and sounding name".! J ',
-.'L'eave ,tbem:all, and "follow, me:'' -
Pilgrim through this, "vale oftears!"
Banish "aH'thy doubts and fears; '
Lift thTnp.eycs a, Heaven's above,
' Think there- dwells tiGodPf love!
Keephis'coun'elsin thy mind!
Pilgrim! muoh He's done or thee!
" Will" thou, tVen, nbt'follbw" me2"'
Wanderer ffom.thv Father'a.throne,-
- s-Turnr-thy pa th'ijeadf "noi.loRayenH
Turn thy sins shall ueitorgivenrL tfigj
Turn and let thysongs of praise -
-1 .Mingle with angejiciays:, . . v"..'
;Wanderer! have they charms for, thee ?r"jr"i
j:IJinow-they have then follow me." -.-.-
EX'nUj3T3 FltOSI THE REPORT
ON "f nSCSOlHjQ!0i5.iDRVrorjUHSTATS."ibF N.'
. JJefare cTcwi,! our remarks' uajhe iiiijp-r .strata of
it.anS'iien u appears eutal 111 ;erlilizmg.p,wers t'iihc.
best jlaslersspeciaUy when spread.pn fields of clover,,
w&cat, and other-KJiig-rops- Tbesp-favorabfo results
werir-also obtamcdrijaJtyof thstrme"ra in" the' ueTgh-
I boraosd. :rhe-vsneiv-csv.-p.w TK; aix&re, jiowg vcr, -
stf)rieitl,.oTigh'raly'lhe-prirtiit2ve",aiid embraced -
;i ?'--T-JJC.:."x.i..ivr.'::ru.l ill". ...Jit. j-,s
"we-have conjectured was alsdbeneilcial-18 pmnts.- ThiS'
idea occurred to us a number or-ycars, since, wi:en-on-o
vis't to the Ne-.v Jersev mir! pits. There'themarLa-
bouiids in pyrites which slowly decompose and forms-a-sulpliale
of iron, which we conceive nraVand- docsact
"on the vegetable in a -way to promote iti growth-.-Leaving
thi3 saline mailer outpf the q'ustion, wethink"
.there can be little doubt thatti the limestones which
can be reduced to powder without tifamnch expense,
ulay be.profitnbly eniploycd.as.a.iconuro. If we'-'wfire
caliedto Tuairs a vriorL of the DiBbaSfecficctof the car.
bonate and sulphate of lime, we shouldsay there fSSl.
more probability ol the former doing good than tne
latter," asit is much more sPluble. This'subject is brie
ofiinip'ortance to the farming interest, as limestone may
be obtained where piaster cannot, without incurring too"
much expense in transportation..
JeFFBRSO.V AND JaCKSO's SENTIMENTS ON REUGION.
Thos-. -Jefferson to TAm. Jefferson Grotjan.
"Your nfiectionato mother requests that I would ad-'
dresslo you,,as.a namesake, something which, might;
have a favorable in.9ue.nce on the course, of life yog
haye't'oTun. Tew words are necessary,' with" good 'dfip
positions on your part'. Adore' God reverence'and
cherish your parents lqye your neighbor as yourself,
and your-cdtin'try'raore than life be just. be true
murmur not)at the'.ways'ofProvidence, arid, the.life'.in-
to?.which yo'u have entered will be' the passage to one;'
ofeternal'and ineffable bliss;, arid if to the dead it is peri" ';
mit'ted to care' for the things of ihiss worfd, every action
of your life will be'un'der'ray regard. Farewell.
Moutecello, Jan. 10, 1634.
"Although requested by-Mr. Gfotjan,'yeVI can add
nothingto the admirable advice given tohis son by that
virtuous patriot and enlightened statesman, Thomas
Jefferson., The precious relic whip he sent to the young
childcontains the purest morality, and inculcates the
noblest sentiments. 1 can only' recommend a jrigid ad-
herence to them. They will carry; him through life
safely and respectably, and what is far better; they will
carry him through death triumphantly; and we may
humbly trust-that they will secure to all, who-in prin-
cipleand practice adopt them, that crown of immortal-
ity, described in the Holy Scriptures.
Philadelphia, June 6th, 1833.
The following toast given at the celebration at Biller-
ica", breathes a spirit of liberality and kind feeling, with
plain good sense.
By Col. John Baldwin. Let us not continually harp
Upon Masonry or anti-Masonry, slavery or anti-slavery,
temperance or anti-temperance, but endeavor to .lead
good hyes, pay all our honest.debts, and never slander
our neighbors. ' ... ,., ,.
Five fifty dollar counterfeit bills of thenew U...S.
Bank, were offered last week to a.broker in Boston. . :
Notes. of that, denomination", should be closely scrutinirr
ed before they arc received. , t
Hamlet to hi: father's Ghost
Angels and ministers of .Grace defend , us;
Art; thou a spirit of health, or.agnbih dariied?
Thou com'st in suci a questionable shape, -
That I will speak to.thee
I'll call thee Father, Hamlet,
Royal Dane ! Sliakspcare.
The, Editor ofthe Philadelphia Gazelle to a Steamboat
"Angels and niany stirs of grease defend us;
i ,Ar"t thou a 3piritdf health or gosliug jammed!
Thou coms'tin such a questionable shape,
That, curious, I witt'eat thee! , ."- .
I'll call thee father 'Omelet
Royalty done. ;
Barefaced Swindling. The Wabash Courier gives
an account ofa couple of enterprising ad"cnlurers who
have gone on a tour to the west practising on the .sim-
plicity ofthe Hoosiers.. They paddled down the Wa-
bash recently in a "dug-out," witha cargo ol elegautly
engraved notes, entitled "The Agricultural Bank of
Vermont, payable'in Troy;" some of which the passed,
off on unsuspecting farmers living contiguous to theriv-.
er. Theybargaincd for.a.watch with a gentleman of
Tcre 'Li'ile, fur 3109 ofthe monc but as lie could
n t fined the name of anv -: s i.-niutiun in, the B mi;
.Nolo Li. t of C mnlirfvi Dcir or., ihe bargjiu was
not ciinsuuunaled, very much dfsapngmuncut.
tf t' -k.
cdiitainsd -etrnsctisnsr 'pisrtaiieMsjojthe. inqujry-wi'edier-its'JerlIuin.ir.p"er-aTn6t;b"?
imal tiiatlPr Ih-.the.'sheliV'iti. irfR5stqnC-i"p"Tvhieh"-t Sjay
wercPmbeddedi " Tit the cisoaf' Mr.--.Grflii,Xwc- "iWnd -
iy - NO. lTHOLE N0MfiW
A hoblettand airainsi, the. nraiani.nrac'iieM.cf-''U? '
Candidates, not, from their own incliPatioa to HsuchjM rfe3l
from their easy waypf,yielding;to""thetnirof mwdfeFm
dissipated;habits,,to,seeure their vouslnki .UtiSi?ifcW .
Wsnmedbythe intellige't freemen?ofHMrdiB,;coirotyVs
C , to.
" Having lonij,co"nsrdered the practice. f reitinifytvta!,
candidates.foji pnblicipffice, as'.degradiug MBjiisnatore, "
and' that ithas,atenden''cy.:iQ"demoralizp!n"Bd
cieiyrhat lLisbnbebry initsnieajwsUaad'inost.odirM-'iir,
the freedom of Eiectors.aBd ;will soar. or later.-if coa-" .-,
tuned, .endangerthe freedow.sOiWKr -&rf&l&&& j&
. -.-J" L - - u.aiJl-jl.ClWl.rI--" 'J. rrA. fV" "" ---". J
"!5Wehope-the well .disposedrpat;'
"?'-," ""it- 'I- "-".- 1 j " Vv-'iijs
''"un.,., :il V. "r -V .SiJii
?l,ian"' '-' r: "v-J":. !'
"W"W""li.:wV t V -fX-'U
.tnantforitheiXiegisiature'at the cnsuw.ABrnstel3SiaSC? ',& 7 y"
whohtn bewn tderihef'
tntrpnt witn sntritniiclinnnrs nr cnnpnt fn i "k ii'-li
ddhX'ftr-'hiih after the 15lh 2ayr0f Ma"y,-1838 .Vf5"P
tellijjent. freemen of Hiirdin-whichi'wiBbercompoSeaW -:A
m6re-lhn'n''half"nfth votpriin thf'caunir' ni,1itra iinnrf .. "JsSSKjS
ihhiKviat fr J.lrfnt wKpn,lhJa'rTTXhU.nvi'ri,ta'.i,:M . ZF-JSMf:
t r ii V, !. , - t v ---. -z '?.. ,----.? -.':--'? J-x?&JijZZ7
,..w . , ..v.uw. .H.w.wM.wE.rWV . hw.mw.w., w H.III.VT ?-. T .,TT rfTc?
oeiuiioweu Dy me.wooie cguairvaijeaB(,iMf.trQsi
111C UC1IMT.UI 'lUliriTillV 1V11X UUI. CUJKSKIVIBHBHHHUI lB
was on,tho.posflCx.iCasinKi - ltte-iftsperoE-rumselt ss
safd fo iiaveViud: ChjiSjianiKrl&PidJtia respeclt-
liquor," itis5ndthiBg.6ulSeilW.j TS"?V
', "T " 'Xo'tAJaWbsen'erM , ' " &
yranr.tbft-lffflcso"&pnter-tfio jGreatthativaris .of "ii
SOO.OOChfnaepiSri : cmbfacedCbrStiaitv--3nd there --'IS "
ot. tshostians, jr ; -.j5
whiie"at 3ii3.'arent.ioltH5 "throoei. tnwfeChnstiaa-."S?-.-
j isenttulte"r3?io ittelfeisiidaniaaaeitireJlH . " s
jChristiansc - - fT ,- . --'jK r- JS
k - . --- ' - :'-,-.-u y . " , .-""?:
.Liiild dL'honsn sj i
-Joors." - ,
--.- -. -?S; -r2T grt--iT-zv. 1
. s .. X -J .T'S'S -z f&VA
i nave suea-s yupiJgin;iii seisotfcjarnrturnjmsrv .v $:
. .xnanf.-oreasanaaic-iQ.-aaiasanftiHMuyairsg.vi5-? - 3 -Sa&wt
haVSseen ajicliSiart'HSnniejjiriiw'roiln'Klh .
t T.haTeseen-TCsSffAEer!3iMa-idjfcSvfire -5
V.W.. w.. J.u.-.. ...-..r......... M&.. ... , .m.. x.
uiittic jjnuiii tK. iiucuttMptttiuiiTc-iijucriMiari;t,fTiU'-
tr vSohauseS2' ""st"s""'.'" " "?r!P&v.r5S-i'
tlic-arav hairs' ofciiiSlauterto-iii'araTO-
r.liavc strsrt '".jo'jri' gicl jfvatry; jSJpttgjn5ah. ofIS""?"?
I haveseeo a farmer .too'si
sefl-cdnceiteif to-amend 'S
j- j" t
way8and tdbprbud toietrace fiisf tmtflepfcs&&iJ?-
uppirt hisJtumilyin:coraDrtahd indeMnderi
I have-seen-a person-depart frorii;tb8!iralb-wRca
d Ju'r arid vearcily would have serveii hini a ranch hetfG&
pnrposetw- ".'tv ',! j .--- Hpfuiji
- Ihayeseeaa ippodejiveraii'e-.polideal.orationar
aifourth'of" Jui""when. "his caltle-'WeiyforainDirHa'
grainfield- , , Ul3 &&&&
I itaYseenia ypung : Pjanrsoil igtaumgjm.jr
parlurefromi principle, ,wpea alt 'thei waters- ot.theJPttIr(
aware wouid'nt wash.it ouW. ' 4iT
. I hafefseen'a man engage- h a-la.w-.suk about at tr" t
affair, thai cost bum, more. in the erid,--tdn-rou4driirf9
roofednll.lbebuildngaonhisiajBvo s '&$&
i naTe:seen.a mnn.woui.,oy,.rus -wnsansieapto ins;-,
Lnr14 till m turn nrn4 crvnivn.nn.lvUh.nalwi&flDdi hruuv v
fences- till he-had 'losvenoaghfitojlwy-.mrefrlctjwwaQd.,,
hadto4j,katlast.?6. " V, '
, j. , , -,t"-"" -? -J " -m "''"' -1 " -k '--"t3Vt f? t
Wwnr iron Krivn' iThat'nnmni rnhn'mut ni' 4h .
Blind,"" and' notfeek1deeply"aiTccte(j,"wit&5(ihe '
unfortuWtes, whici aro stfeltere
ions' granted tfiein; by lheprincelyliijerality Bif wiel-
low-citizen, Thomasp Hrpkins"Estqand'iBY;ci
piir towns-menmust, be 'destitute of i those .eiBeiieM,
l.t.l ....a11 !. !. t. M.? IS..'.. t . .
.nuicu jinrcii in uu; .uuauiu-uc uiui WHU-jkBbW now, , 9j$
feeano'therTs.woe."" This isjtrulyriIernstittt&ni
and it isjfast gning-.Uie'"cooyeDiv,iad:aiTecticto
our christian community, so also it ought to' reeeiye-';
their frequent and liberal benefactions. ,We .will "re-''
joicetoknowj that very many of our wide"8preaoi "iaftr
Miuutty 'ivuu vcaurfc wuuf Clfcjr, uu csu w see- una IBSU -
tntiopi'in; compliance with. the-polite uivitatioo oftbej
directos of it. J "..,-
The-nunberdrpupils in this seminary is'rBov abont
sixty-three j. and we are informed; that' there' arSTfewrV
schools Sat seeing chidren, where itlifeScholarstrIvipa
made ereater.progress ialinowledeel ifiiwt blind "tTSSJlS
in this school so completely is. their, advantage? cewf-
.teractedby their.superior attention their, ineedj:de-:x
sire tor lnieiieciuai exercise, ana tne peculiar roetaods,
adopted fortheirinsfructiori. We hence-Iearri tnVbiercy,, .
nnrf 'wisdom of Him. who watchpi ilK :iArK.J:,S
onolionlpo.Oi-p1 h nronle-nrliSa' jAV.AU'3liV-JL"l-.3i'K
tHe asvlum. 'Forihe loss- of their surh&tik&hvn' frtVl
en then a three-fold' exquisiliveaessui? theirv1 earinfl'.i
totteh. " ""' '- 1 '- ' rijp
WbP'ever witnessed-, a exhibitioo of this, school:
withoa tfindrngjhis acutest sensibilities sliring wiihiB;?-;-
n iistenrag to meir concerts, every visiter.H delighted t!
with thpir perfection in thesciencp'ofmusic. lD,.tht"
enjoying ihe harmoriy of souridsaaivsenHiiiipwarS V
their sacred songs,of reverence and gratitMte"'fc "ilJelr1
his- kind provisbtjs given" themrtheyLseeSt''rea"zSjs""
his compensatory goodness towards them. -Theyido,
indeed, seem td sing witleptrix an) ;the'iitmn?
ing, and to be preparinglhemselves to. take ' mjDa
part in the divine femploy of the'ifedeeriieauIjosW,"who"
will in heaven continually swell the anthems of 7prft&
to Father, Son, arid Holy Spirit ."" J-p .
Theits'ense of touch fa truly .wonderful. "Syi'ihisr
remarkable compensation, for tne loss of their :eyer,l!relr
fingers seera to be the medium ihrouffh"wkicfa'li.filTt
pddredlnpon their understanding, v By tfs:inre.rse;l
facully-they .are taught to read rpjnyjxioiijy Weh 'ar
ingemously printed fHr-tberr:wpecially.Ea'ny'p5rtHrii
of the Bib!e, whicli :s strikingly n lump to lhefr fetj-toJ-
guidt? tbir fwlsteps safely ttiroii3 th tTar4'ril in""'
By 'the touch, they pursue thdrncIiettol-labor,wiih?
- somte .pabiid, aiut.-rspiintot ia4;Jonrg;-'as:fi'Jivpo5 "j-5- "
I hsve"seeri the" e.xtravagance . :foyiSiI3f" " SS"
i bringriheir pareais -tovrtraad'atf aliu.iijejoselves?- J 'Wz
f into disgrace.-" -" "'. ? " s."tf l - ." s
; . . "1 hare.seea-a priid e.a tfSftTasrnoii wfeetrei'neTJ "
, fortunes: p?-afjnrly, whan, "her Rasbarirf-palRd a.i5r(Sp'5r f -
- "othereaddf lherpper," - " -, ' "? ." s- frjgss ' 1
. .Ihi7e.seemVyjjuug.nKn-;whb'desptd t
s lbs Twse--arid-'thtf adviecof the P'oodrenH:-hi'caEBe?w
a naB sccir puuruuys grnwTlcn'pv,inairy;.ast-.? . .
good 'management- arid rich boyssBetmppoyby 'idfel" - "Sj
nessarid dissipation; " is a' tr-ii'naSppxS g?g
Ithave'seeria marii3per4mcaIrfbtBKl3iM ,.
" A Ml
ESS, - S
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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 1, 1838, newspaper, September 1, 1838; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48008/m1/1/?q=karnes%20wounded: accessed June 14, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.