Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 1, 1838 Page: 2 of 4

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wonderful! adroitness. It is psculiarljntcresting to
see them working at their nercia grades the boys
weaving mats, rugs and carpels and making matrasses,
cnsibns, c.; the..girls jewing, netting, jeaidjng.&c.
Many of ther discharged( pupils, areemployed in other
schools, as' teachers,1' having made' good progress," in
tbe?studiesofJfarural nd Moral Philosophy, "History,
Algebra, Astronomy, Geography, &c, Sey.aral of them
write legjjbly,and-correspond with their friendsbV
letter. " ""' ",-'
Frbmrthese important facts, how" 'cart "wc place too
Kgh an estinfate'upon this institution, ! -What a sou rce
of consolation must it yield to."parcHts,' whoso unfortu-
nate children can hereTesort, a-n'dpurtake'of the bless-
ings wich it'imparts.'
DrHowewho'tiasY by his peculiar tact, and method,
and peTievefencepeared this-institution to its present
standing, richly'deserves"' and ns receiving the thanks
anil confidence of the public.
.In-rflectinrr on the blessimr of ove-sidit. which cn-
.ahlesuswbo enjoy It to feast upon the beauties of
creation and all the achievements ol art, to gaze.iipun
the lineaments of confidence and love in the faced a
beloved" kindred and faithful friends which -enables us
to pursue the business of life with alaeritytmd.delight.;
we "are forcibly led 'to contrast our-cpndjtioiuwith
those whose eyes are closed in perpetual and utter
darkness. "What d ihought ! Such a.refleclibn, while
' it awakes our compassion, ougtit'tojExin. our bosoms
the warmest glow of gratitude)" Him, who made-SB
to give- Wuntiring-spririg to our-ind-ustry, a first im
pulse to ouWbehevo1ence,-atid an unwavering persever-
iuice iiu me cause ui virtue anu religion. -win.
fin boyhood's bright, untroubledidays, ,-
-w . "When body, mind, and heart were free,
And doubt ne'er camo todim the. gaze
j Into thesoul's futurity,
-4'I dream'd of loye, but knew him not-;
IpictuVd tomylfeU'ilho boy;- y "
Tortwhora through-tnanya scene I -sought,
Led inthe search by Hope and joy.
StAs wild ehTIiusiastsTvaslethc hours
ofc' ,
vP-osscss'd, they say, of frond'rous ppw'xs, '
Which sood; they call' their ;wn
Stfsought-l whatPdeem'd could-gwc
Of heaven's bliss a foretaste strong:! 1
And make it ecstacytoi live;
for aje, tfcellhings of earth among.!
1 searched, and long.tho scorch was vain ; .
But 1 was doom'd at lengths find . " "
What! liaT3igVdfor oft ancftherT'
A changcAwas wrougritwithin my "mind!
1 Uibiauecnu uie arrow speu-
-"Lfelt it quiverin mytheart-g'f -
-n - -, -"Leomelet Peace and Joy aepaTfc!n
'V, '.5, . r - vV
-"" TJutPufidliig,Joyrefu3,dtQ go "' "
Tnbughireacer the tyrant's word, obey'd.;
liil hopejiebertedwheuihe'glow.. Is
OJ'yLsSfeas'd, tUfJoyjvas' 3ead J
Hope, Peaceand Joy have.yanish'tl now
.Ojlcr Unsfcfia"ng!d heart-Love rules'alone,
.vno, 'as cencaiu ma yotie jl now,
fcA )Kit auu iv lot uiav "'JZZirv
j From the Pensacola Gazette.
3?E3rnon8 the arrival of strangers beretliis'week is that
ofMrjH.tej'eason, in Ihe schr Alexander, from St.
JosepBL Thisis'tie gentleman whoJiad charge of the,
ComrQcrciaTBankof Apalaehicola. The story goes
thatho !eftthelatlerplacein,a steatnboalj was puisued,
overtaken, and carried to St. JosespTiwhere the matter,
wo invesliiratcd. and he was sent to this place for safe
keapjng bavipg.beio ordered to givetbail m. the sum of
2U$UU. Orr iaursdayjast,.jarr) a. was Drought up
on a wijt of habeas corpus obtained. byE.L. Drake,
Esq- before Jiis.honar. Judge Fyans, who .considering
the amount oEhaH.fiiceseive, reHuced-itio 2,000. lie
-is now milmcjisiqdy of the marshal here. The money 1
which ttieaccuseqiad embezzled, Avastalcen uom him
atSi. Josepha part ofitis in specie, and(as the story
go?)a whole pillow case full of-bank bills.
The. foregoing hacL, been in.lype, vhen a new phase
was given to the whole matter. Stevenson was placed
under'guard,at,the..Forida;House where -his wite and
family were Staying. Injhe-ceurse of the evening it
seems he" was very; liberals the bar, nd his guard fell
'asleep. Need we Jell ihe.roat! jlhe prisoner took
horse and is now, no doubt,-beyond iho reach of pursuit.
CHifiprf 6r 'fortune. Aoor stocking wearer of
Nottingham', En gland, -has suddenly-risen to rank and
wealth by the title ofSir John Xcamon, Bart. He sue-
ceeSsto this title" nd the large estatcs'aiurcbed to it, as
ncarest'heif'male to his cousjnifl the third degree.
Lettersctalten to, England iby the slepm sJiipa are
charged 35 cents postage., --
Wj5stew rail noiD The 'Worcester railroad is
progressing, wetlearrf,' -with -great rapidity 'towards
Springfield f and it is riotlniprdbable.-'it-will &e in suc-
cessful operation" by August of-next year. Heopleliv-ingirrtherConnecticut'-alley,wilI
then be-alile to reach
Boston in'abont sixhours breakfaVul'hVroe, dine in
the ,roeiropolis,,amf return lo their residenccbv supper-
time! " What an "event tobe witnessed by men, within
wh"oser' Has occup'ied.a weekto reach that
dty,.n August of 1840, doubtless, the traveller will
be able, says the Southampton Courier, to -visit Boston
and Albany between the'rising and setting of the sun.
'Vmuvius, This volcano is again iti a -slate orerup-
tion. The pyrotechnic exhibition is said to be splendid
and rather terrific to the adjacent towns," which seem
tobe.tthreatned with the doom 6f Pompeii and Hercu-
Ianeum. S-rxAHGiOj. Mr. Hancock',vwhohas undertaken to
, nuj!i!te8,3f wagons in England, set out for Stratford on
fll!l5of4fi"1 'Ab afternoon, in a steam gig of his
own construction, attended by two of his friends. He
passed through sevral-slreeJs of the city, of London,
and remained a considerable.time before Guildhall ma-
nceuvenngand turning his vehkle,say8 the London
Courier with extraordinary facility.
Burdy'that preaching whiolt comes from the soul
most works on the soul; Br. T. Fuller.
Spirit oFjIesxeroat's bxpeess On the 6th Inst
16 or the prisoners at, Toronto were sentenced to be
hupgi-four of whom are Americans,,nnd the others
Br?Jf,f uMcts- Oneof the former, named Linus Wil
son Miller, spoke M some length in 'palliation of his of-
fence, to which the Judge replied. There seems to be
a gteateeimg of commisseration at Toronto, and Gov
Arthur is" to be petitioned in their behalf.
A man named Thomas Lewis, oY Now Bedford has
been arrested upon a charge of kidnapping negroes at
New York; and imprisoned.
.An unsuccessful attempt has been made to burn down
yaleColIege: '
Fires have been raging for a whole week in the New
Jersey Pine Woods.
Es-Gov. Wolf, Collector or the Port of Philadelphia,
waTtbrown from his carnage near BedfordPa-.-on the
vininsL, and had his arm broken.
Late pkox Mexico The U. S. sloop 0f War Bos-
ton, Capt Babbitt, arrived offthe S. W. Pass on the 16th
frornTropico, with $21 1?741 in specie, consigned to sun-
dry merchants iu this city, which the towboat Hudson
C&ptAowrin,"brought up yesterday. ' '
From the purser, who came with the specie, we learn
that i& irctnfoecement of 15 sail of war was eroccicH
shortly; fromiFrance, and-thatthedetermination is, to
starve the Mexicans into terms.
. TheEor Tde Norman, Belgian Minister to Mexico,
was a passenger in the Boslon, and camo up on the
HnaianA-jJrfessrsjKGuerroo, J. Fleming, and G. A.
Droego andjsetvants'alsocame up.
Sisgular Mistake. The Montreal Hearld, w hich
never can Jet this country alone, but at the same lime
'displays an awkward" itnorance fn relation to it, very
fond of quoting party articles from American newspa-
purs against me country, in ooing wis n uoue mcij
lidiculous error the other day. some one -of the oppo-
xition'papers the Whig, if we recollect has been in--lerting
letters addressed to Martin Van Buren,' signed
"John Hancock." In proof of the degeneracy of our
people, 'the mal-ad ministration of our governmeni, the
corruption of our institutions, and our rulers, the Her-
ald quotes one of these letters, prefacing it with'lhc
statement that it was addressed to Martin V in Buren by
the "illustrious John Hancock" fancying that the old
ago of the revolution and governor of Massachusetts is
till alii e to write letters to this generation. Sun.
Joint Stock Baraks. The joint stock banks in the
United Kingdom have a paid up capital of forty millions.
Upon this capital jhc annual dividends are nearly three
and a half millions. The English country joint stock
bank" commenced in 1826; their number about one
, hundredof which one half have been established -since
1.835; their total paid-up capital is ten million, and the
1 annual amount of commercial accommodation afforded
by them, in the shape of discounts, &c, is not less than
thirty millions. From parliamentary returns it appears
that the total amount of dividends paid by 60 banks
3rerand above the amounts of the reserved funds, wn
512,1121. upon the aggregate paid up capital 6,492,868
..being an average of 71. 18s. per cent; and froma calcu-
lation of later date, it appears that upon the paid up cap-
itol of 7,830,OO0Z. of 76 banks, the dividends are 632,-
700?. beine an averaee of eiaht and a twelfth per cent.
andjnaking annual profit, including reserved funds", of
auove yuu,uwm.
, .
The sentiment which the duke of Sussex expressed
to a deputation of Dissenters of London, ought to be
known. His Royal Higness said,. 'Gentlemen, I am
now 65 years old, 35 of these I havespent in -indispo-sition?"'Gentlemen,lh"a
sobers a man that makes him
think that corrects many of the opinions he might h.ive
. enteriauieu in tormer years, n mis uone so wun me.
I am accustomed every morning alone to read for two
hours in the Bible before breakfast; and if any man reads
that" book as -he ought, he himself will in some measure
become inspired by-it. ills Highness's biblical library
contains 1,500 Bibles, in'diffcrenttongucs and editions,
and estimated to be worth 40 'to 50,000. London
Independence pr Egypt. A letter from Alexan-
dria, dated the Gih June, received in London; states' that
the Pacha of Egypt has fully determined to throw off-
h'is allegiance to the Porte, and to assert his entire inde-
pendence. His design has been officially communicated
to the consuls of four European powers, and the com-
munication has been sent by the consuls to their .res-
pective governments. , The writer thinks the -French
governraenrwut oppose tnescneme, as meyarcjeaious
of the English' mode "of comramiication tbrwjhjgypt I
tojnuia. -
, Awful CATASTnopHE.-r-On Thuwiaytmorning, the
12th,instant, a keg of powilef,srplodcd, ipT adwelliuf
houseiin'Norwegjan stxenj Pottsville, Pa', the effects, of
whichwejefcgntful beyond description. Five persons
-Wl dreadfully burnt;, three ot whom have, since died,
,and the recovery, of the remaining. persons is considered
'doubtful. Two or three others were burnt, but not dan-
gerously. The explosion occurred in'the following
manner: One ol the men went into the middle ot the
room to fill his flask with powder from the keg. While
in the act of doing, this, another was lighting his. pipe.
with an 'ignited stick, and approached to converse a
spark flew off into the powder, and the whole exploded.-
The front.of the house was' thrown out several inches,
so that it became necessary to prop it, A man standing
in the door-way was thrown out against the paling.
The deceased are, a hired girl, an old man and a boy.
whodied after suffering the most exemtiating agonies.
A Life Preserving Test has been invented by Mr.
W. CPettibone, of Hartford, Connecticut, which prom-
ises to be very useful in cases of cxpossre to danger on
the water. It is made like any common Test, with the
exception that the breast and a portion of the.back
are lined with India rubber, wliichcan be inflated by the
breath in a few moments, and as well iu the water as
. out of it.
It is not intended that these shall be put onlytwhen
immediate danger threatens, but worn at all times when
travelling on the water, as the India rubber, when in
flated, does not injure the appearance. Baltimore
Machine ros making needles. Messrs. Crocker
&. son, Sheffield, England, have obtained a patent for'
and commenced working a machine for making Needles'
which draws out the wire and straightens it, cuts it the
exact, length, points if, drills and countersinks the eye,
files offthe rough edges, and finally drops the needle
into a Box, at the rates of 40 needles a minute'. The
Proprietors expect that fifty machines may bo attended
by five persons, and that these will produce one million
two hundred thousand needles per day.
Coal. Two large tracts'of the, most valuable species
of coal, the bituminous, and that variety called'in Eug-
land ciinnel coal, have recently been discovered in the
valley of the Kentucky river.
Buenos Ayres. The New York Commercial Ad-
vertiser says, 'The latest advices from Buenos Ayres
are of May 24th, at which time the French blockade
was maintained in all its rigor. It was confidently a'f-
ufirmed that the government would yield, and there were
hints of a revolutfon, and the overthrow of Santa'Hosu,
the present supreme governor, or rather dictator.
There was but one American ship, the Nile, in the harbor
of Buenos Ayres, which was expected to sail in about
n week, with the minister of the United Slates on hoard
ns a passenger.
Industry. The following anecdote may give some
! encouragement to the industrious husbandman : Not
long ago, a country gentleman had an estateof 200 a
year, which he kept in his own hands, until he found
himself so much in debt, that to satisfy his creditors he
was obliged tu sell the half, and let the remainder to a
farmer for twenty-one yearsr Towards the expiration
of the lease, the farmer, coming one day to pay his rent,
nsked the gentleman whether he would sell the farm.
"Why, will you buy it?" said the gentleman. Ifyou
will part with it, and we can agree," replied the farmer.
"This is exceedingly strange," said the gentleman.
"Pray tell me how it happens, that while 1 could not
live upon twice as much land, for which I pay no rent,
you are" regularly paying me a hundred pounds a year
for your farm, and sblo in a few years to purchase it ?"
"The reason is plain," answered the farmer, "you sat
till, and said 'go.' 1 got up and saic "come-;' you lay in
lied and enjoyed your ease ; I rose in themoruiug and
minded my business." "
Vicksburo We rejoice to discover, from some re-in-.rks
of the Vtcksburg B:egister, that our thriving
neighbor on the Mississippi, is advancing in morals
and intellect, as well as in commerce. 'Our city,' says
that Gazette, Ms now, filled to the brim with benevolent!
locietics, debating clubs, and associations for mutual
benefit. The intellectual repast has taken the place of
the midnight revel. , The arena of sciences has sup-
planted the haunt of dissipation1
- American Gold Mines. A new mode of getting
gold from the orehgs been recently discovered at some
of the mines in the Southern States. ItTconsists in
tmelting iho rude orc'instead of the old process of wash
ing. It has been proved by experiment, that the new
process yields from the same quantity of ore ten times
as much gold ns the old method. This is a very im-
portant discovery, and if its advantages Leas great as
lliev are said to be, it may effect another revolution in
the monetary concerns of the whole world, like that
which was brought about bv tho discovery and working
of tho mines of Mexico and Peru Bee.'
Fire Proof Cement. The French cement for the
roof of houses, toprcserve the wood and protect it from
fire is made in the following manner. Take as much
nmo as is usual in making a pot lull of white-wash, and
let it'be mixed in a pale full of water, in this put two ami
a half pounds of brown sugar, and three pounds of
unc salt, mix them well together and the cement is
completed. A little lampblack, yellow ochre, or other
coloring commodity, may be introduced to change the
color of the cement, to please the fancy of those who
prefer it. It has been used with great success, and
recommended particularly as a protection against fire.
Small sparks of fire that frequently-lodge on the roofs
of houses, are prevented by the cemrnt from burnin;j
tho shingles. Sj cheap and valuable a precaution
against the destructive element, ought not to un-
noticed. Thoo who wish to bj satisfied of its utiliiy
c:in easily make an experiment, bv using it an a small
temporary building ; or it may be tried by shingles put
together lor the purpose, anu llicn exposed to tire.
Portugal. As regards -a treaty fur the final, sup
pression of the slave trade with bmIand, which it was
hoped was on the point of being concluded before Lord
Howard de Walden lc! I Portugal, itis now known that
nolhimr has been done :Hhe ratification was withheld
by the Portuguese government, and there appears no
disposition on its part to concur in any measures for
putting an efiV etual check to that inhuman commerce.
Gknkrai, Jfc"UP. This oflicer has .transmitted i
document to the Secretary of the War Drpartment, con
tninins an official report of his conduct in Florida, and
its results. He exculpates himself from the charge of
bail lailh to Osceola. Since General Jessup assumed
the command in Florida, 2,400 negroes and Indians
have been taken'or killed. Bee.
A minister was recovering of a dangerous ilness.
when one ot his friends addressed him thus :Sir, al-
though God seems'lq be bringing you up from the verge
ol lhe,grave, yet it win be a long time betore yonwill
sufficiently retrieve your strength, and regain sufficient
vigor of mind to preach as usual." The good man an-
swereg, "you are mistaken, my friend, lor this six weeks
illness has .taught me more divinity thanany of my past
studies anu me wnoie ot my .ten years' ministry put to-
gether.1,' J ,
'i . . -
Trieste. The editor of the Boston Morning Post
hasva letter from"an'ofEcer in the frigate United States,
dated Trieste, May 8th, which states" that the Austrian
government were getting a frigate ready for sea to
bring the Arch Uuke of Austria to this country. The
officers of the United States had been treated with the
greatest attention at Trieste. The United States was
to sail for Corfu in a few days, and after"-. Js io"l
Snyrnar Bee. iT '
The Biter Bit.: -yi neJghbbr-SnobbsJ if yon
dorVVAravjyouryfiens out of my garden, I will shoot
'.tn,-, i ,
lilts! -
"Very well,DoolittIe, shoot away; only if you shoot
any of my hens, throw them oyer in my yard.1'
Crack went the old fowling piece, morning after mor-
ning, and tho largefat hens were pitched into neighb or
Snobb-f yard like rain. After a fortnight or more, Doo-
little dfsfovercditha't Snobbs tiever'had any hens, and
that he had been shootinghis-own, they having broken
out of his own hen-coop.
Latest trom South America. The French block-
ade of.Buenos Ayres continued on the 3rd of June,
and the citizens were getting restless. " War was talked
of. A public conference of the house took place on the
30th and 31st May, after which it adjourned until the
committee should repirt. The government , is disposed
to stand out, and the people support it.. The anniver
sary of Buenos Ayres' independence, of the 25lh of
May, was eclbrated in great style, lien. Santa Cruz
keeps the public forces in full employ : the militia are
about to march against him. The Buenos Ayrean min-
ister to Washington arrived at New York in the "Nile"
on the 31st of July. The imperialists in Rio Grande
have sustained a reverse. The'Republican force, 4000
men, was daily expected in the neighborhood of the
town on the 25th of May, having already surprised the
garrison of Pedro, 1000 men and put them to the sword.
, Very lAte from the pacific. By way of Jamaica,
the editors of the New York Journal of Commerce,
have received Panama papers and letters to the 18th of
June, containing advices trom.Oallao to May Bin and
Mazitlan to April 22d. Tho Lima papers- are only
to the end of April.
Correspondence of the Journal of Commerce.
Panama, 18th June, 1838.
We have no very fresh news from the South. Our
last accounts are to the 16th of April, from Valparaiso,
;md 28th from Lima. Cullao was blockaded by the
Chillian squadron and preparations ere making in
Chili to send a strong expedilionof 5000t 'men against
Peru. It seems that the Republics. Buenos Ayres and
Chili, are determined to crush the great power of
SantaTCruz who is represented to have some incli-
nation to make himself Emperor. Money was very
scarce, and business very dull, both in Lima and Chili,
in consequence of the unsettled state ot the country.
The British Admiral Ross, has been appointed to the
Pacific station. Ho arrived at Valparaiso on the 18th,
with several commissioners from Buenos Ayres. It is
said that he intends io use all'his influence to effect'
somo pcacable arrangement between the three gov?
TheUS. schooner Boxer, Lieqt. Nicholson, arri-
ved here on the 1st, from -Mizatlan, San Bias and
Acapulco. The Boxer made a long stay on the coast,
to protect- American property. She sailed alio lit
thc22d April, from Mazatlan, and saw the American
ship Congress, of New York, clear nut boued forSNew
York tia Valparaiso, where she was to land the super-
cargoa Mr. Corns lock. She hndupwardsoftaobundred
thousand dollars on board. Mazdtlan as in a very dis-
turbed state oil account of the civil war. The port was
blockaded by a small Mexican brig.
Tho Boxer left nt San Bias H.B. M. Ship Cleopatra,
Hon. Capt. George Gray, Sho was to sail about the Mid-
dele of May, with upwards of three million dollars, for
England, via Valparaiso.
U. S. Ship North Carolina was at Callao, where she
arrived on the 12th April from Valparaiso. The Fal-
mouth had sailed for the Inlermedios, with Mr. Hodg-
sin, bearer of our treaty. f
By the Lima papers, I see that the American whaling
ship Panama, Luce, arrived in Callao on the 31st of
March, and sailed again on the 10 of April
Ship Sharon, Church, do. do. Brig Henry.. Clay ar-f
rived from Islay on the 2d April, and sailed for IndiaJin
lie loin. I'liauug uarqucuuusiiiuiiou, uiuuru nosii
yunau. ;
Ship Maria, Fisher, sailed on the 10th April. Barqj!
Ponre. Swift, .arrived from Valparaiso vtilh InA
good. 12th April, brig Swan was lying nt Callo,
and wanted freight.
Coidiodore Hull. The gaKantcipturer of th(G"r-
ricre, will .embark boon on the Ohio 74 on a freign
cruize. '
Riot. Tho negroes of Philadelphia went oer the
river on the 1st of August to cellebrate the cmanipalion
of the English West India slaves on that day. But the
Jersoy'BIues had no notion of such black acts.nd hear
tily cudgeled them from the shore. '
Senator Walker, of Miss.,.lately report as p3sij
recovery, is now stated by the PhiladelphiaLcdger t
bo greatly improved and ilariy becoming boter. i
Death of commodore Rodoers. Commodore Job)
Rodpers died at the U. S. Asylum, near 'hiladclphu;
on Wednesday the 1st of August.
Old Ironsides. The U. S. frigaln 'Constitulio,
Com. Elliott, arrived in Hampton Roads,on the 1st in;.
The sUamer C'ibi was reported n. New York n
the 25th. The pissagc was made in nine lutinig
Aiiibiiiou,avariuc, and pleasure, with their gliltciing
bait?, and altiaciivc allurements, keep the world in,
busy motion. The world is full of life and animation
or if there bo, it is like the heaping up of waters, until
by a mighty pressure the obstruction is borne away,
and they sweep along in a more impetuous current.
All, or nearly all, are pressing forward toward some
goal. Call after men to take care oi their souls, to
to think of death and judgment, and they hear not.
The watchword is onward onward cannot stop to"
think of the soul of heaveu and hell. Or if they
turn for a him who cries after them, 'tis but
for a moment, and they press on again, and press on;
and in many cases stop not, until they find themselves
upon the ciumbling brink oClhe grave, about to sinl
tlnwn into that" unwindovved celt," among the devourirg
worms. In the agonies of dissolving naluic, sutne err
for mercy, and others, as they sink out of sijihtlo rio
no more, ultdr a wild shriek of horrnr-and despair;'
We are all travelling to tho land of forgelfulness to
the territories of death region- unknown and uu:"t-
jilortd by 'iviog men. Wo are all traveler-, and ire
long wis mustmceta mossungci fr.m"the land "f slnd-
ows. We cannot avoid the meeting j- ere long if rjusl
take place. Ah ! see him "on a pale hoise hisTamc
is Death."
How -brief is man's' earthly existence! ,It islikc
the fleeting shadow, or the cloud,.lhat fades awaytwith
the morning's breath. But eternity is long ; etrnity
"vvill never end. Time is but the porch, orve.'tibule
eternity the spacious court or amphitheatre exis-
tence. To spend it in heaven will be a )ong,a glo-
rious day, which shall know na night; To speiditin
hell, ilwill be a long, long night, which shall kiovv no
morning. O endless knight, without a stai ! "Dark-
ness, darkness, forever and ever."
i '
France and Tfxas General Henderson, the en-
voy from Texas, has nearly completed arraigements
fr the conclusion of atreaty'ofamityandjeommercc
between France and Texas.
The ottoman tower. The Porte is ntaling.inrred-
ible exertions to place his army ona'formidjble footing,
in anticipation of- an iisurrection in Egyft under his
unruly cubject Meheruet Ali. The.forceof the army
hai been- augmedtod to 120,000-men, ,of whom fortyl
thousand were regularly descipjine'd and equipped after
the European fashion. The principle'portion of the
naval nrmiment remained in the Bosphorus. Several
ships had been detached on unknown destinations, but
it was supposed with orders to join the main squadron
at some rendezvous and proceed to EgyptJand Syria.
The Ottoman secm' in mil'EAJfpiB4b2P-i?.
....ji' i-.ner.ritv of his emDire. cost what it may. in
rwhih no doubt he-will be backed by'the treasury, and it:
mayocincmiuiary-iorcei ui .ussu. it: u. jjuuenn.
In connexion with this subject it may not be amiss
to offer a 'few remarks with 'regard to the minfng re
gion of Missouri.,. Thelron Mountain is described by
Doctor Relfe to be "literally a mountain a magnetic
iron, so pure in its quality as to yield seventy oreigh'ty
per cent, under the ordinary process focconverting ore
into malleable iron. The elevation of this mountain
maybe about three hundred and fifty feet abnvo the
surrounding plainj and the distance across its summit
one aiibT a half miles. For many miles in every direc-
tion from this mountain, large quantities of ore are tobe
met with, and frequently plumbago, and what I think to
be the'sulphnrale of zins. Five miles south of the
mountain is a magnificent pyramid of the micaceous
oxyde of iron. ItTisVs abruptly between two'hundred
and fifty and rthree hundred feet. Its base is a mile and
a half in circumference. This differs from anyother of
its species that fhave ever 'seen. But Httfc of it is tobe
found irt plates of strata: it S in huge masses of many
tons weight. Competent jjdges say it will yield eighty
percent. Very little mining has been made for cop-
per. A few shafts have teen sunk twelve fcet'in depth,
and about 15,000 pounds of excellet copper were made.
, The valley of Bcllevue aid the surrounding mountains
have tho finest forests rf timber I have ever seen.
The purity of the iron ore is such that, on -ingenious
blacksmith can forge from it any article of cutlery,
giving it a fine temperafter the manner-he would work
a piece of steel. Tlfr "pine ridge11 runs from east to
west, about twenty-fife miles through Washington coun-
ty, and is from five t seven miles wide, covered princi-
pally with the most beautiful pine t:mber, many of the
trees being from to to four feet in diameter, add nine-
ty feet in height.Washington county'is represented as
being one vast mle, containing iron, lead, gold, silver,
copper, copperaSjChalk, black lead and brimstone, cor-
nelion, and manybeautifil stones freestone, limestone.
grindstone, uinu prstone. there is also within the
county a great afcunt of water power which may be ap-
plied io the mnuficturing of 'iron. Tho adjoining
county of Ste. (enevieve possesses lead, iron, and cop
per ore; a quar of beautiful white and variegated mar-
ble, supposed b be more than a mile in length, together
with Jmmensccaves of white-sanuV resembling snow, of
which large rjantities are sent to'Pittsburg, and used in
the manufacture of fine glass: Coal lands may be
bp'ught in tls vicinity for fifty dollars an acre, the coal
may be raifd for three or four cents per bushel, and
I rtron ore caue uruugiu uumjme nunc uy a ran rouu
If for three dflars per ton, presenting very important fa
cilities forihe production ot iron, ami tor the conven-
ient nstabshment of the different manufactures and
storage c lead, iron, copper, zinc, glass, &c. which
nave gnu iu iue ciues oiiruisourg, trneeimg, anu
Cincinns'j within tlic last twenty years, fifty thousand
oftheiropulation, and fifty' millions of their wealth.
It has I' en estimated ihat?there woul.d be transpoated
on a rjluay fiom Washington county to this city du-
ring ft first -ear of its operation, twenty-five thousand
tons eiron, and five thousand tons of lead, at three dol-
lars pr ton, and sixty thousand tons.of lumber aC four
dollai per ton, amounting to three hundred thousand
dolls. The expense,bf transporting this amount at
theresent time would be "J80,000. St. Louts paper.
f Scrupulous Wctness. Ah eminent lawyer was
ertloyed in an action against1 the proprietors of the
Rckmgham coach. On the part of the defendant the
cichman was called.-. His examination in. chief being
oded, he was subject to Jhe leaders Jcross. examination
laving held up thi forefinger of his right hand at the
itness, and warning him to give a "precise answer,"
b every question, ajnd not to talk about what he might
(hink the question meant, he proceeded thus: "You
,drive the Rockingham coach?" "'No sir, I do njt."
'Why. man. did von not tell rav learned friend so this
' moment?" "No, (sir, I did not." "New, sir, I put it to
Vou I nut it to vnu unon vour
th0 Rockinghamcoach?" "No,
ouin uti you not drive
sir, I drive the horses It
The following'Ietter, dated Stockholm, 26th ult. and
published by jlie Paris Joumaldes Debats, affords some
curious fact3 respecting the discovery of America:
"The important question of knowing whether or not
sny intercourse had existed between America and the
Old World, previous to the voyage of Columbus,
-has been solvep in the affirmative, thanks -to-the active
and conscientious inquiries of a young Swedish histo
nan, M. Fuhioni. This eentleman. with fhcole view
of elucidatingAho point, repaired two years since to Ice-
lunu, wnere up iuuuu several manuscripts ot ins tenth
century, which states that two navigators from that is-
land Bsoerrf'Hersuefson and Leif Erikson, had discov-
ered America in the beginning of that century. Those
manuscripts contain a dcription of tho country round
Ctpe Cod, of Martha's Viuevard, of New England, and'
of Nova Scoii.i, but particularly of the N iraMnsctt
Bay, where thoc navigatoisaud thcircompanions resid-
ed during three v can.
"M. Fulsom, distrusting this written evidence, pro-
ceeded to America anl visited himself tho places there-
in mentioned, to verify the nccurary of the Icelandic
description, which ho found perfectly correct. He ir.i
not, houevc satisfied with this. He wished to obtiin
further proofs, so as to place lhovfact beyond doabt.
lie wished lodiscoier in America some matorial tvi-
deni e of the existence of former relations betw cen the
New WoM and Ilnropc. He accordingly continued his
jjirncy'and had the satisfaction to find on rocks, situa-
tjd-m tho district ot Assonett, near me river launton,
irtuo Slave oi luassacnuaeus, ini-npuiwuiici writ-
firth the"names of Icelandic and.Nbrwegian vvarriorst T J
.iknliofl 0kt.liltetifil n rnmn in the country. Unfnrtur J I
tol 111 ocauaivian, or jviunm; uioiavi.-, uuu acum? t
lately, ineycoiuaiiieu no uam, uuu m.jiiui..uic ui iu&""7i
:haracters clearly demonstrates, in Fulsom's opinlonV L
. I .1 ..: 1 .. .. .I.. Kitt Iho ..I- a I .V..1
lliat they must nave Dcen engraven iw curiy as uipaiii-
f.r.nmrv. He observes that Christopher Columbus hav
r. . . .it . i -.. r 1 - .i. d!j.
ing visited Iceland having visited Iceland in I47T, a
period at which the voyages of the Icelanders in AnJerj ,
ica must have been well known, both by oral tradition
and written books, it was not improbable that this great
navigator derived in that island the first notion of the -existence
af the trans-atlantic continent, which he subi
sequenlly discovcteds , "t
Houston Saturday, Sept,. 1, I838b
en rt tj r,Tiir,T'i - ,
. L , m
A gentlemen who has recent y arfiyod-from' the ctfst,-.
states that the trifling difficulties Withnhe hinafuf of
Mexicans near Nasogbchas, haVe'untire'y :ce tsed,and
complete tranquility u restored in taat section ' 1
' s-5 " - l
The Gainmanchies miistisbon'beeomc tiretLof has-
tilities, as they-hava boea unsuccessful, and driven, like
..- '7 """ '"
timid doer in every skirmi-dr that -has recentlvw.tak&a
about two humlre I warriors m ide an aitac'i near the
' ."-. -
Aronjo Seco, uoju a ,company of twenty-one ineh,
commanded by Cal. Karnes. But they vvers.comp!etei
ly defeated and driven JroirLthe fijld with the loss or
seveniLoflhsirUest warriors and a numbet-pfhorses:
it i believed that lsamani, a distinguishedahtef, was
killed in this engagement, and another chieCnamed.Ca-
gemiro was dangerously woundedfHe wa3 borne. off bylf
sever ii.aucuuitiiis nrnu were,uuuL'j uitiue uoeac.I
- s a- t at,
side ofthi3horseand hold bim .upin hts-sidJle. No
one of the men1 under Col. Karnes jvas njdredT-'
ifi,Q"Wfcv.I.j;ece;vej slight wunH from a rifle bullet-
which grazsd'histpme. -A' few days, after.' this' ch' ,
gagement, a,sraallipartypfjlndian3 stole about. jhlrtLs
horses from a settlement on the EiBicca. They jverV i,
instantlypursiiod by'the citizens of the neighbbrhbbi l
and overtaken. A trifling skirnish. eii3ucl,ria-vhicli t
two Indians were killed and left upon tho fisld;,,the x j
mainder ctTectcd their escape. All the-horsesuwcre-jeVt
taken, and thirty or forty other horses were captured'.
with tbera. About the same time a small partyiof Iridi-
ans were discovered near Bistrnm hut thpv Tintl TitiVHtB-t
made their appearance, when a company of citizena
were embodied and in full pursuit. .- They howeverief-
fected their escape in safety by 'dispersing ina thicf
near the mountains. .1 hese Indians appear toibc now
held by the citizens of the frontier in compete contempt-,
They haye hitherto-been dreaded merely because credit
has been given to the ridiculous storieswhich'tlie Mefc j
icans have originated respecting their prowess and fo;.t
midahle number?. The citizen of Bastropeounty'i
alone, could easily repel an, attack from theiwhole tribe!! i .
and parties from that place "haTe frequenllypenetratei) L f
into the "very heart" of trie Cammanhiecountry.'; 1& ?
A young-gentleman who has recently returned front $&u
an exploring .expedition tolhc region near theTilonth7,
of the San Saba, has informed, us thathe followed tL. '
hnnlfC f thia elraam ivitl, O nuthp nf nnln IttWilira 'manl.
to thd distance cf forty miles above its confluence -wila
the Colorado. No Indians appeared tt molest'Uheci
during the excursion. He describes the country on this. j
stream ana on trie Uoiorado below and between(its month
and the foot of the mountains, as being fhe finest be lias-1
ever .seen. The vallies are generally broad7and' aref
cnvftrprl With rrronrlh nT vrv 1.ina.timioi."in wKwti r
uuh. pruuuunnaies. ue iuuuu some specimens Oi
and -silver i i the mountains.
He says tho mountiifc
nous country 'near
the ' Sandy' in that, ricimty: Jl
clqsely resembles the" gold-region of Georgia;" and tho 4
specimens of gold resemble the gold found in that
State. He believes u occurs in very small quantities, '
The particles found by him were attached to fragment
of quartz which abounds iu that region. He found tho f
San Saba as far as he explored it; a beautiful stream of
excellent, clear and wholesome water; about fifty -yards
wide, and generally deep, but numerous shoala1 '
occur at intervals, and will form serious impediments to
its navigation. Its current is somewhat sluggish with-f '
in fifteen miles of its confluence with the Colorado, but'y
very rapid above. Numerous falls and .rapids occur at
intervals, affording good mill sites. Ther hills of this,
country rise one above another like immense steps:i t
their summits are generally flat, and coveredwith n1
thin growth of dwafish oaks. Many extensive beds of '
blue lime stone areihund in that section This rockist
oi a very compaci texture, anu susceptible of an excel-
lent polish. Flint isftriso found imbedded in it, andpie-
cesofrosk, composed partly of flint and partly ofbluo
limestone are frequently found. The rocks are chief
ly of the secondary formation, and many of them con-
tain impressions of shells and plants. Tho soiloftho
San Saba valley is chieflyofa chocolate or redish color
and is remarkably decpaand rich.
If the description he has given us of the.ExcHANTEB
or Holy Mountain be correct, this must be one oftha
greatest natural curiosities of Texas.
This singular mountain or hill is situated on the-head'
waters of the Sandy a small tributary of the Colorado,"
about 80 miles from Bastrop, in a north-westerly direc- i
tion. It is about three hundred feet hisrh. and annsars
-0j rl
to be an enormous oval rock partly imbedded in the earth.
When the sunshines, tho light isreflcrted from its pol- '
ished surface as from an immense mirror, and the whole f
mountain glows with such a dazzling radiance, that the
beholder who views it even from the distance of four
our five miles, is unable to gaz: upon it without expe-
riencing a painful sensition, similar to that which is felt
when looking upon the rising sun. The ascent rf this
hill is so. very gridu il, that person c iu easily 'walk up
tor tho top; but tho rock is sj smjolh and" slippery, '
that those who make the attempt are compslled to wear
moccasins or stockings instead nf shoes This fact, to-
gether with the name of the place, Holy Mountain, '
remind the visitant forcibly of the command made to
Moes at Mount Horeb, "Put oflth shoos from ofT thy
I'Let," &.c. The Commanches rejard this hill with re-
ligious veneration, and Indian pilgrims frequently as
semble from the remotest borders of this tribe, to per
form their Paynim rites upon its summit.
A D:y BusiNEj-j. Sjmo of the friends of Mosely
Ba'tcr burne I lbs editor of the Telcrap'i in cffiiry at
- n

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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, September 1, 1838, newspaper, September 1, 1838; Houston, Texas. ( accessed June 23, 2021), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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