Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 7, Ed. 1, Wednesday, January 6, 1841 Page: 2 of 4
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' . ALVACT. f .
2Tj repetrtand amend cerlabt parts or porligz f 'anjici
entitled an acLconcaning eg&dStaL
Sec. I. Beit enacted hy the. Senate art3Housr cf Rep-
resenlalhes cftkcRepblic-cfTeCofgress assem-
bled. That Avhen the dav ofsh&riif -sale shall have rtrriv-
ed, it -shall bc-theeluty of the CRienilsfice of the country
courtj or in case of hjftabsnceany dislnterest-d hiagis-
adjoining beat, attne. tcrmesf of lhehjif"coroner, or
constable, .tonjjftranl tlifeoJirectnentXiiizjaSjfreehold-,crsor-Bpiiold6ryofihe6lmyfto"ffalse2lope'r-
V IP.viramn hv VirtueTDfrPYPriltinnTsit-n Imr rnohnncn-
whichvaluaUon'shaU hcrfiiccrMp''vriting)1ahei signed
bjahe appraisersj-ora majority of them, and returned to
the sheriff swSSS' ,
SEC,2.'Be it furlh'cr'tna-cled. That life nroDertv so
leviedonjand appraised, shalljhen'be olTered for sale to
'the higHesb'idderand if.tKe same be it real r person-
alproperty shalbribt'bring two thirds of the valuation
returned by the appraisers, there shall be no sale, and the
execution shall bind the property.
Sec. 3. Be it' further enacted. That the property so
flercd, and unsold, may at any time subsi quently be ex-
posed again to sale, at the instance of the plaintiff, upon
previous notice of twenty days being given in the manner
pointed out by law.
Sec. 4. Be it junker enacted, l nat it mere be no sale
of the property executed in the manner pointed out in the
third section of this act, the plaintiff shall piy the cost of
said last mentioned exposure to sale: provided always,
that either party shall be entitled to have a new appiaise
ment of the property oncein'every six months after the
attempt to sell the same:""
Sec. 5. Be iti further tnacled, That the proviso con-
tained in the fourth sectionof an act entitled "an act con-
cerning executions," approved the fifth day .of February,
one thousand eight hundred and forty, be, and the same is
herebv Tenealed - -j ---- -. i
Sec 6. Be it Jurltier enacted, That the provisions ot
the foregoing act shall be construed to relate also to con
stables sales :nder execution.
Sec. 7. Beit further enacted. That the twenty-fourth
section of an art entitled "an act" concerning executions,"
approved February fifth, one thousand eight hundred and
thirty-nine, be, and the sime is hereby repealed, so far as
it may.relate to an act entitled "an act to exempt certain
property therein named from execution," approved Janua-ry'twenty-six,
one thousand eight'hundred and thirty'nine;
and said act is herebyi.declared to le in full6rce and ef-
iect .Sec. 8. Be it further enacted, That a constable shall
nothave power to-oehifcj;ixHx3E5i,-winjf UrBtrAitunVIlIcir
jie belongs, except In cases of attachment provided that
constables residing in incorporated towns shall be authoriz-
ed to act viihinthe limits of said 'town.
Sec 9 .Beji further enacted, That all laws and parts
of laws contravening he- provisions "of this act; be. and
tho same are herebyrepealed ; and that' this act shall go
into effect from andiejsitepassagn. -T'
"" -,' v JA.V1US. JaUEttlJl.i
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- a vhriicu' p.K'
l-.?- s. - ..ri' .-.,-J'
;iicnv-nrD"terp.-t me senate.!
-Anrimved 2-M..Dsceffi'bor, fe&VZT
- W --' -.- DAIt) -Or BURNETT
r oi the
V --.-3JC W'i.'Wlr.JtiW iit WtWHifi
' ""-- Kill m" tl. a7l7rv1. iv rr &7jiI-
, -w -j-.14s rr, -.- - t-.
er.isfe1-irsriecari(iuiThft tate of
risfeeir viK&ZFZ-li?- oi-
iiuaiuv vn:caJtl,si:A3iciHjti!ar;exJ'SK!nce;iot-iflc: las-
our yjfgirjjshali ''m'stflCncUTCinj'asnrtit'.cnce
. irrc-jniL"5S5Jirv-v -. t- -u.- .
" .; s,-,-S. -JVcfinSerttarv of Stats,
-. .-iff iiU'&L .T ' '
"V &2?L L -
"policy, Irtit-wo apprehtftd UiDs.cnnsideraliGTi6 h'gjafely
bee4esi!tyi-aaiH''i!ti:ontii!Uc to. become $o as"
oi t2lht,-&ggf03 probably ns -weH-Bienarel
,rsv)ra.impaijn2s- Jv'jatd'beat t&b tnd ofioaryears
--COnil!lui ciroiiiuuuu iiMiuHUjiuuiuisiiuiuMf Aito uuiifr
't '.-.', .-.- rrf... jtj-v.V 4-mj, 7v- -- ---'- 'tift
flauErera3yUircerCirnty"ofjt: -.while thit Trave and,
fearless cLiss'u fiich have heretdfo're. flocked tb'our- shores
xyill53thrbe;Jilicijetl by lha pfosp'ret of nctivc, war to
crowain Isirgpr. numbers; thnn.be 3-lerrrd "by sucb a
prospect. - The fdaiofan atnicable negotiation with
Mexico and thesetUeincntpfbar di5cuhies''in that way
witEout farther, recourseto, arms, has now become too
preposterous for even the mot sanguine to entertain. In
vielvtof the backward and'spjJcn pojjuy invariable pursu-
ed byMexico in meeting Uie,demand3 of foreign powers
upon herjusiice orhersense-offight, it hns always seem-
ed to ns peculiarly absurd, or theigovjErnment of Texas
for'one moment to" expect an acknowledgment of inde--pendence
from hereby w!sichither territory of an empire
vouldbe given up, when" she had- nnde but one (fibrt to
retain"it,cjvnd while" no pressing il jnger.or emergency com-
pelled heFto the sacrifieet How long ihas that stubborn
conceited nation delayed the piympnt of claims made iy
'the United;State8, which .the civilized, world unanimously
pronounce to bejust?J What washer conduct towards
- France? What were the arguments andthe Only ones,
-that could carry conviction to the hearts ofTVlexican states-
men in this instance? they were? the ulllmae raliones
regum the thunders of artilleryand the carnage.of war,
and such persuasives beyond adoub't must accompany
any negotiations that can be opened with even the most
distant prospect of success, between. Texas and JMcxicti.'
The rumored advance, of Mexican troops upon this side
of the Rio Grande with a serious intention of conquering
the country, is all a fiction. Arida has perha'ps two or
three thousand men under Iris command, but is it likely
that he is so utterly destitute of the first principles of com-
mon sense, as to suppose that he has the most remote
chance of success when invading" Texas with these men,
whilo'he i well aware that one thousand of the,same men
wefe'nbsolntely defeated by 1 10 Texians under Jordan ?
Arista u not afoot and none but a fooLwould dream of
such an enterprise as be is reporledlo be engaged in.
But the question whether a Mexican army is advancing
or not has but little to do with thp policy we advo'cate.
Yfp should not wait for any demonstrations from hc ene-
my we must cairy the tear into Cart-hack. It can be
done by volunteers with the most triumphant and brilliant
success. Let the tocsin be 'sounded, and kt the call be
made upon the generous, the brave and the daring to rush
to the conquest of a paradise "held by dastards offer the
terms proposed by the bill which lately passd the House
of Representatives the plunder of the cnemy; and'onc
league of land beyond the Rio Grande, to each soldier
and the low state of our finances wouldno longer bpan ob-
stacle to the raising and subsistence of nsjiobleand gallant
anarmyas ever made the"earl'h trembl beneath its tread.
-JFive thousand volunteers raised on this plan would be
nmnlvlifficient, wjth the cooperation of the navy, to con
quer lbacquntry to Monlefey.'and to maintain such con
quest Wtfhave not the least doubmt this numlipf of
-volunteers could-be raised rffthis countryuiih Fase.nnd
including, "ttje accessions which would conttantly arrive
fromtheDnited Slates, we might calculate yith safety
upon a voldhteer army of 7000 men, armrd iriHho tedb,
tinl'depemlMTqnThpiiipivnircsources and upo those
riV, nnomV'lnrisUDaDrt'and reward.. When we p-nl.
Ject tho almost miraculous acbievments,or sinall squads of
Americans, wnen iney nave-conns ju toniaiuiiwiuinieii-
can soldiers, wnat roigni w nui ijijjlci irom 5uctu.oouy
Tjment to eimffra!iijnjivhj?TK'r dS. dfn r,fls,Ktr
qixiiacaaiM. -ifntDQlieEBbrectioBS iasUcsr-rauc I
.?La&' "BtlePsyruggj? fa.l33s- A3-frnhe iliurrr of F.rqvcnt1tif
r TrrlfSatmn. e.'iS5r&. cftftMfarjtifoti iTiatufi tha.-evil Sa te
Wc sincerely beleivc that such measures, or lhoseliinjj,the head of a family, and ought never lo bo married.
jlar.hre.tha onl Cinr-sthat iviil hrinornwr rannrln terms
1 nd ill sjch steps are Liljen. v.s shall -;.,., 0 suffe
i II tho evils, as we heretofore have suffered, ., .ng fn.m
monthly or quartnny threat of invasion b 'Lxko.
it is .istuiishtng that afiei ever p"(Lihc -reposition
"vhich Tc'as ha&mndo to the Al-ican natior has been
ejecteilind ever, the messenger bearing! linn compelled
. iO" nbscona to rive hi3 life, and after rnLn i.t. . I threats
riai&soJongonlirracnr.d when y.-sitiu ' of is ob-
tiincl that cTir cnjjriy" is emcodyragaijrge .rv. .cefor the
purpose of invading ns, andof layinp; waste the country,
and massacreing the cmzen&is they did in 183G we say
it is astonishing that one member of Congress is willing
lo oppose any measure, whose object is to forstal the
movements of the enemy to carry the horrors and rava-
ges of war into their own borders, and to save our planta-
ions anJ our towns fom the destructive presence of the
nemy. Those who oppose active hostilities, base their
'pposition upon their belief that no invasionwill be at-
tempted by the enemy. Fortunately for the advocates of
active operations, even granting their belie! to be the true
one, reason and common sense both declare that in such
case the true policy of the government is, in the words of
JNapoleon "lo conquer a peace force the enemy to
terms It is idle to pretend tint this cannot be done it is
worse than ridiculous to argue that because they so vastly
outnumber us in population they are therefore invincible
Let any opponent look at the miserable swarthy Mexi-
cans in our streets, and ask himself how imny of such
wretches he would take it upon himself to whip in a fair
field fijrlit. If he is a man he would consent to take a
dozen for his share and these were the invincibles of
The information published by us in our last we believe
can be relied on, as his corroborated by intelliaencefrom
New Orleans, so far as concerns the money to be advanc-
ed by the Rubios of San Luis Potosi, and this certainly
fcrearn tks aepoUoLwell concerted and ""H "U''"'"" Prp-
parations for invasion? 1 tie" want of moneyrTasTiereto-
fore prevented all the efforts of our enemy to reach our
settlements, and now that this want is supplied we are
much more confident that they will attempt an invasion.
Should this be attempted, San Antonio and the western set-
tlements at least, will fall into their hands before sufficient
forces can be concentrated to meet them What folly
then to run the risk: of such a misfortune when there is
nothing to be lost and every thing to be gained by attack-
ing the enemv in his own country, and defeating him in
detail while he continues to occupy his present distant
and detached positions. The redured state of our nation-
aItreasuryjs.noarsament against the mVunw The
treasury ol Texas, if rilled to overflowing, could offer no
stronger inducements to the brave volunteprs.who are
now eager for (he fray, than are already offered by the
glory, the excitement and the"profit embodied in conquests
beyond the Rio Grande. Men who have often marched
for months feeding upon beef and salt alones, require but
small expenditures on the Commessafy"Department, and
""lribse only which they would gladly furnish themselves;
and as to pay they will be satisfied to depend upon such
pay.as their enemies can be made to contribute In case
anextensive'ffenerar national moxemenLshouLI-be-made.
l.to c'arry tho. warfia'' the enemies' country, the city of
Houston aiono, v.-onia larnish i''J tol'imcf, without
greatly interfering with the business r.f -he pla? Many
are liere out of business, and many mor" n he 3iild wil
linclv leave a small buainiss or a campaign i Mpxi'co.
In one month 1500 or 2000 men could bs l'i igbt over
from JCcw Orleans, who" would rush to i! -Id at the
mention of .glory and conquest on the plau.s Mexico.
Thf country and the times are rife for this c- lrise, the
people almost to a man are eager for it, t..- 'nt rest, the
-hon'cr, and tEo "lory of Te"s ilemr.nl U. -ml et those
who shall oppose hvbe mirked thitt ifiry may h " ifter be
mideto fiel that all the murders, r.iv.Tjrca and ii ruction
which "will attend the presence of Mexican soHip- within
-our borders as it heretofore baa done, are it,r Ltiiableto
their timid, short sighted and ccwemptiLle po'w j of invit-
incr"arn3rT to our own door: by n "using to -ar'-y it to
the doorsjr our enemies -Morning Star
"--"LAST FROM' THE RIO GR VNRE " r
Wehavcbetn politely furnished by Lu. L'ocl.e with
a letier jroin the most respcctgClc 50TIri.TTii A.ii,r.rtialea
the 23diDer v'nih irn'cs .ali the SnTorm-uo 'lately
Droufflltaia-'iroin jic nrrsi. i xii is piou-ju.v iiiepuj-
telliccnce upon which was. b.iscd tile Prcs'aEUs late war
i. --r-.l . -TT. ' re tit t mt r .l...Li. -U?;:-'
-messnirerlo bngrrt ris nnbhciicd. :a -ur h-' We
r .f. i -. tii.r -L- . ii.-...rr. , tt- :r
inin rn worna do inc mo:; joiiynaiu evi m i i eias ji
' ihis intcllurence shoal L piavc littrally tiu . jn end
- woiililthnrba-p-itxttonce to thai shru seionz - V'red, in
"wjiiilli. U the evils f w.r hive borne v-s 3t,f.ir while
k"8u"o!Mlsslvant'Ci;sJia.vtrp!Tt4 tis lb.
vsai-1 iie.leiterspeaks ot late news as loKowa-r--r
sfilij&Myi lntentionnpw is to give -yotisome'of the news
rEbasarrived at' San Antonio, and "states that' the offi-
",- cers, troops and all classes ofcitizens speak incessantly of
the war against Texas. From a private conversation
with Gen. Arista, he learned that two Americans, incog-
nito, were sent into Texas to offer guarantees to the old
settlers for their persons andproperlv, offering them trial
by jury their own Legislature and Executive Freedom
of their poru, proviJed they become dependant on the
Government of Mexico.
He states thatof the three millions of dollars obtained
the Mexican Government, one third part is to be e-
e.1 for two armed steam ships, and the balance to be
ieil to the support of the army in the campaign
Gen. Arisla has very lately receive! a draft for$30,000
on theCjstom House of Tampico, and of sixty thousand
dollars from the Rubios ot San L'lis Potoai, on the banks
of New Orleans or New York, while the steam ships are
employed in the destruction of the Texian Nnvy: the ar-
my will march by land, their first object-bping the posses-
sion of Goliad and San Antonio whence they will make
propositions similar, Mr. S supposes, tolne promises
which will be made by the two emissaries" if not accepted,
the campaign will continue until the conquest of Texas is
completed. S asserts that the campaign is certain;
and that it will commence at least by tho month of April
That Gen. Vasques is already on this side of the River
Bravo, with 500 cavalry, 250 infantry and 4 pieces "of
artillery, under orderslo take possession of San P.itricio,
immediately; that Gen. Bradhurn, from Matamoras, will
ioin Vasnues with 400 infantry, and that Col Rodri-
irues has visited San Patricio with 80 horse. The Mexi-1
can3 can immediately, counting the citizens ofthe villages
on the frontier, put under arms 5, or 6,000 men.
The troop3 of Mexico on the Frontier are stationed as
follows: 750 under the command of Vnsquez, on the
road to San Patricio, with 4 pieces of Artillery; under
Gen. Arista nt Monterrey 350 infantry and 150 cavalry.
4 eight pounders 2 Oulverins of 4, and 2 Mortars of 18
inches. In Cadeita, under the orders ofGrn. Errdia,
500 infantry. In Salinos and Tlaseala under tne orders
of Col. Tello. 300 infantry and 200 cavalry and 200 cav-
alry at Presidio. The above docs not include the troops
at Matamoros. The officers bring with them Grosses of
the Lpion of Honoi which they will put on whrn th
campaign of Texas commences. Nothing will prevent
the campaign, unless some convulsion takrsplace. This
S thinks is not improb-ible, on account ofthe proceed-
ings had by the present Congrf ss
There is a large body of troops at San Luis Potosi, on
the march tcf re-inforce the army ofthe North. The or-
ders of Gen Arista are to annoy the frontier with the
light troops until the march ofthe grand army commen-
ces No action of any consrquence in relation to war
matters has been had by Congress.
Phctbut, ivhil a name! Amonthelist of subscribers
to one of thi B iltimore publications is a gentleman whose
pitronymic appellation reflects but liille credit on his pa,
" "Original Herring" may be n worthy gentleman but.
whether be is in reality the very first, the No. 1 fish that
" ever was, we cannot siy, but his name certainly smacks
strongly of a "most ancicnl and fish -like smell."
When'a hushmd comes home to his dinner, his wife
sho-ildsceit properly prepared; sho should know from
personal observation too. Some wives seem lo ihink they
were born to oe waucj, ujian,. jv. ivumuu .w uiuvs
wants a host of servants to tend upon her, is not fit to be t
We bar this everlasting call upon one another to wait
upon you, .Help yourself. Why, what were yon r hands
maae tor, unless to use JV. x. Atlas.
Houston, Wednesday, Jan. 6, iS41-
The Western Frontier Arista still continues to
threaten an invasion ; but it is well ascertained that his
whole force amounts to only about 2000 men, which,
agteeably to the latest intelligence were still on or near
the fiio Grande. It is rumored that 5000 troops are on
the march from the intenorto join him; it is thus that this
dastardly nation yearly repeats her mischievous threats.
She concentrates 3000 or 4000 troops on the Rio Grande,
and then starts rumor after rumor of an invasion, which
she has neither the courage to commence or the ability to
carry forward. We should regret to see our republic
again involved in war ; but we are unwilling to bear any
longer with patience the threats of this dastardly foe.
We arc w.ell aware that peace is the true policy of
Texas, andtha the best interests of the country require the
most perfect tranquility: but wc.are equally conscious,
that national honor and pntrio'ism forbid that ne should
any longer suffer thfse thrr als to be made with' impnnhy.
Weare"confidenfthat a few olunt(urs will beTnabltd to
disperse the few troops that Arista now has under his com-
mand, and we are glad to leain that the cocrnrnpnt is
taking psor.ipt andtfficimt ineasurrs to dispatch lo the
wc&icju nu.iuci 4 luiiu uuiijutuu iu iuu eiiu'riins . y
I CoL-SEomNs-rj'! his gentleman has rttiiirtyd in siff tyj
Austin-. The central guirral Arista. crideaTblVa'bV"
every means in his power to induc( him to join the cen-
tralists; but in vain. He found bribiy and ftjr alike in-
capable of moving this noble hfart-il soldier The s line
generous courage and patriotism ixhich distintriiishi d him
in the cimnaisin of 1835 6, dbt:n;uish(d hi-n also irTthis
trial; anl the centralists were, compelled lo yield to vir
lues, which however much they might deprecate they
coultl not but re--poct. ,
DEscpifcTiorr cv Arista. Imagine a thick set, cor
pulent Mexican of ordinary stature, about fottyje.usold,
with red hair, large bushy whiskers, and a beard 'about
ten inches Ipng, also red; and yon have in'viaw Arista.
This Mexican officer his passed through rmny wcisitudps
of fortune, and has giined much useful knowledge in the
school of experience. He is decidedly the ablest and must
enterprising of the generals now in the Mexion service;
but like most other Mexicans, he is more distinguished
from the atributes ofthe blustering braggadocio than lor
Foreign Relations Cardinal Fransonius, Cardi
nal Prefect of life Propaganda of Rome, has addressed a
communication to the president, testifying I he high re-
gard which the papal authorities entertain for the govern-
ment ot Texas, and requesting that the property belong
ing to the Catholic church may be placed in possession of
an agent auth6rised by the papal authorities for thisjour-
pose. President Burnet has replied lo this communits.-
tion in a 'ery able letter which we shill endeavor to-pub-lish
in a subsequent number; and stated that whenever the
property claimed can be properly identified, Congress
will undoubtedly yield it to its right&d owners. This
coramunicationjrojr. Rome, may be considered as an m-
directeknowledgement ofthe independence of Texas by
e papil government.
Military Road We were mistaken a few weekq
since, when we stated that, Col. Cooke was near the Bra.
zos, on hisreturn from 'Red River. Thjt officer agreea-
ble to the. latest intelligence received, was still near.'Cof-
fee's station on the Red River, preparing to 'establish a
station on the Mineral creek above Coffee's station i &And
' - i
another on the Trinity ntra place called Cedar Springs
near the east bank of tliat river, and a few miles blqw
the junction ofthe El n Fork with" The, west branch ofjlhe
Trinity. He hasscertained from his surveys, that the
road as designated by Congress will prove of very litlle
advantage to the eastern settlements, -for if it should ter
minate nt tho mouth ofthe Kiamichi: a range ofsjtlle-
ments extending more than ahunlied miles above tha1
point would be left unprotected. He has therefore con
cluded to change the line of operations so as to establish
the posts alonrjihe borders of thecross timbers, extending
from Mineral creelc to the Waco village on the Brazos,
and crossini the Trinity at the Cedar Spings as above,
mentioned. It is probible that the line may be so ching--
d that the road will strike tlw Brazos nar the Toweash
village above the mouth ofthe Aguih; as by this means
the line can be extended with little difficulty direcily to
the mouth of tho LlaGo wherethe road will probably fr-
minatp for the present. The distance from Austin to
Coffee's station on Red River, is estimated at two hun
dred and seventy miles; and the direction is north abou'
20 deg. cast The country intersected by this roadj be"
tween theBrazosanl Red River isnnliilatinrrlhroushont
almost its whole 'extpnt and remarkably beautiful. 'Nil.
merons small streims flouingfrom thecioss timbers in.
tersect the couufy, which is agrc.ubly diversified wilh
beautiful groves liRiiirj lh"'se-strr.ims or scattered like 1"
Ids ami J the smill prairies Near the mouth ofthe we.t
Fork, on the wpst bank of the Trinity, a remarkably hyh
hill lifts its tow ering form and may be distinguisiifiTTor
many miles in thediatince. The soil along this roid is
Slid to be remarkably fertile, an I lb numerous smill
streams and sprinrrs furnish an iib-md int supply of p'ife,
sweet water As there arc no marsh'or swamps aloiur
this route, it will be opened with littlii iIifficultyanJ pro.
bably in one or two years, will brcome. the main high
way from the northeastern settlements to the'Capital." "
A bill is now before Consirrss to provide thi.r a'tract, of
land extending to the distance of twelve miles on eich
tide of this road, slnll be reserved and gpctionized ; and
that any person who may reside five years within this
belt ofland, shill receive i grant ofsix hundred and forty
acres if a head of a family, and threo hundred and twenty
if a single man. This bill will probably be passed this
session. Should it become a law, the Military posts f stab-
lisned by Col. Cooke will immediately become the nu
clei of settlements; and thus, this belt may wiihin a few
years bo filled with hardy pioneer.-, who will form'an im'
penetrable bulwark against the northern savages.
Cnoas Timbers The late expedition of Col. Cooke
to Red River, has at length enabled us to define with ac-
curacy the topography ofthe Cross Timbers, which have
hitherto been almost a terra incognita to ihe greater part
of our citizens Agreeably to thesunrjs of Mr. Hunt
who accompanied the expedition as engineer, this sin-
gular belt of woods extends from the cast bank of the Bra-
zos, near ihe Towcash village obovo the Aguilla, almost
due north lo Red River, about forty miles above the mouth
The nosition di;i?nated forit on
map published byMessrSSRandelicl.Huntfia nlarly'
ect i Its general. direction is a JevjrJegress.iestof
north. The trees comDOsineCit arc e
it resembles in maJnyjspectsjho high jost oak ridge ex;
tending between the Colorado and Brazos abovo'BaVfbp.'
Numerous small stream's rise in it and flow into'the tia-
Jty and iarazos. p
Military Station. The company of rangers nder
the command of Mai. Clendennin. which have beo'sta
tioned near the "falls ofthe Brazos," have been ord Jed to
remove to the Waco village, where they will prilably
be stationed until Col. Cooke returns from Red liver.
In the mean time they will erect block houses at thilpost.
Whevt. We again call the attention of our cizehs
to the culture of this valuable grain. jThe sMSDj for
nlantin? will soon be at hand, and we honeour 'nmers
will not permit another year to pass byvfthout aijmpt-
'ing to estiblish this culture in o'jr repiihl?'r ,
Thp first ses.ion of the TexaGbnfprpnce.of theVleth-
odist Episcopal Church was-'neld at Rutersvjlfffcpmj.
mpncipg, on D?e-25th, anil ending Dec? 29th, 1840.
The Rev." BishopvWAUCiH presided. 19' Ministrs, 9
"members' anl 10 probationers were present 4 j" the
latter being-admitted on probation at this Conferf nc, arid
one discontinued The stations of the Preachers fr the
prpsent year are'as follows, to wit J -
Sin AugustinejlJistrict Littleton Fowler, V dgtld
Si nAmfus'tin e-rFra ids t Uson.
Nacogfoches To be suppliid
' Harrison Nathan Shook. .
." ( -m b ...... " .U.
GaJvc.slon District SaWl A. VRlttiXmXV. E7 I ,
Gilvestnn and Houston Thos O. Summers I
, Stazorh Abner P. Manly. .
lonttVompry 5?ich'd Owen, Jjs H.1 Collar!
"iberty To be supplied (
" Crockett Daniel Carl. t
Nashville Roberr Crawford.
RutcrSviUe District Robert Alexander, P. E.
It'itersvill To bejiippjied
Vus'sri J6ha Htijnic,
'Vnshington Jesse Hood.
' Centre Hill Robert H. Hill
.Matarrorela Dan'l N.'V. Sullivan. :
l-iTnrr Henftprmrr li Mnlmrr , s
. Victorh Joseph P Sneed i
" CKatiheey Richardson. President of Rutprsvilleol-
'leger V . '
Abel Stevens, transferred to Providence Conference
Thp next Conference to be holdcn at San Au "rustle,
Dec 23, 1841, ' "
N. BT Those in Italics are Elders. -
THOSvO. SUMMERS. Sec.
Last from Austin We are indebted to
Moore for the last dates from the seat of govemmpil
The accounts thus broucht. are confirmatory ofthe foni
er wai like intelligence. An appropriation Has been mad
to raise and equip three spy companies to racgealongthi
western Ironlitr, ana procure correct information ; an
what is better tho companies have already been raised, ad
are ready for service. "
We tike the following from the Sentinel ofthe 2Gti
D'c Morning Star. - '
The. Hon Mr. Van Ness and Col. Segoin arrived on
rT,h:iro.l-ivit7pnincr from Rp-rnr fhpv hmvpvpr hrmfl.1
littlo nA rlitinnnl lntplliorpnpn rplnlirA frt ihp ovrtllS Ol
Arista. Thistreneral isstill on iKvfo Grande, fulmiJ!
"nating Ivsttnrais-oraninfasion; but it seems he has nowt
only 2450 men under his command. It is therefore still
possible that his threats, which seem to be bnt a new edi-
tion of tbo3e made-ra Feb-' ry last, miy prove as futile as
they were then. The general impression of the oldest
and most intelligent citizei.s of Bexar, is, tbat he will'car-
ry these threats into execntion. Gen. Vasques, with 700
men has already, crossed the Rio Grande, and is below
Laredo, waitinir the arrival of Gi n. Bradburn, with a re
inforcement of 400 men from Matamoros: as-soon ; s the. .
latter arrives, these forces will march upon San Patricio
Arista informed Col. Seguin that he should conduclthis
campaign wilh more discretion than Santa Ana had dis-
played in the campaign of 1835-6, and that by keeping
his" forces In a large body, he will be enabled to-overcome
all opposition. It is provoking' te. notice that even at this
stiine. these cowardly braggadocios should be permitted
i .thus to threaten ns with impunity, when their weakness-
is so well known. If congress will but second the views
of the president, bv allowing a small volunteer corps to
march upon the "Rio Grande, we entpriain little doubt
tliat in a fpurweeksthLrfbrmidable invading army will be
.scattered to ihe'feiir'w ihd3, and the boasting Arista w ill be
compelled to seek'sheher beyond the limits of San Luis
In another column will be found the special message
of the presi lent, relative lo ojr relations with Mexico..
This documi-nt is truly hcnnir, not only with regard to
its breviiy, b it also for the Spartan spirit that it breaths
thrnusrhn it. Tho editor of the Gazette jnsUy remarks,
that this instrument "bears upon its face sufficient to coun-
teract any feelings ofalarm in the minds of those who are
desiro-is of emigrating to Texas." Itshows plainly that the
president cntertiins no fears that this dastardly nation will
h enabled to inflict any serious iniuryj-'-'tbin our borders
He renrdtha threat of no invasion njfcvas portentous of
.i T , .-.i l.i:.. J ...v,:).. ...:. i.
PVII : U It 33 a IVamagPOUS lO IW Il-Hlliin., ;wiu ivmie uu
beeominirciution he recommenci3thit due vigilance should
bo exeivis-d to prevent any mischief from tin: despfcablpi
fue. he with pitrio'.i.; indignition, calls on I'ongress tovre-
sentthe affront ofK red to our national diqnity and honor,
by thp invision of our territory. We cordiallj- sustain him
in the opinion, thit if Mexico has actually invaded our
soil the binnrr or the single star shall again move west-
warl n'ir'rrst until it soars, in the pride of-vTctor, above
tnecioua eanpeu pt-nKs oi iuytuiii-uiji."'""i-
-The last miil from the United States, brought by the
Ni-ntune. furnishes but few items of interest. Snow his
fillen to a great dep'h at ihe north, obstructing the roadst
and almost stopping the mail commumralions ol tne coun-
try Speculation is rife as to the cabinet to be of Gen.
Harrison, thouli k is generally concabd that neither
Ghy nor Webster, will be members. The party cannot
spire uipm irom inn oenaiu.
Great efforts will be made, and it is thousht with suc
cess, lo carry the Bankrupt law throuh this session A
calm Ins come over tho tspa of politics a quiet smile, or
a face a little saddened and eionsrnted, are tlm on'y dis
. lin.'tive fpat'iifs that characterise the two parti's won-
e dej-,jf some of the hot partisans on each sidej are not a
little ashamed of all the noise they made andthe jiis they
t- told, during the heat ofthe conflict. lb. -
Elections -If the Representatives of Harris County
wjll give, attention to the subject of the time ofkoldins
elections in this county, and apply a remedy to the evil
we nb'w suffer from h.ivinjj some election or othpr every
two, or three months, which keeps thecomm miiy in a
ferment, an! imposes a -useless tax upon the county, they
n.;il .-nnO.r n .arpnt nuhlic benefit. We know that a ma
jority of the officers would be willing, and a majority of
the people be e.igcrto iiaveaiuneciecufms iii.mra u-juih
to take place on the first Monday of September, except
those for Justices ofthe Peaco. Thes Should be. elected
on a different diy, imsmiich as the voters in such elec-
i;nm r.i!tt their ballots each in his own beat. But a mo
ment's reflection will satisfy any man of the propriety of
Invintr even the election of Justices on tne same day,
throughout the county, siy upon the first Monday in Jan-
uary; and of thn propriety of having those who aro elect-
ed to fill vacancies, limited in the time they shall hold the
offices to the time during which their predecessors could
have held them. This would introduce regularity and
ord.-r where now nothing but confusion prevails.
Another evil needs correction. In this city there are
nine beats, in each of which the law n-;w requires two
Jus'ices ofthe Peaco to bp. elecfed; making in all eighteen
Justice; for ILmilan, This number is so great that no
one of them can do business enough to support himself
ofthe false Washita
consequently none is willing to devote his time (o thef '-
business olihis,pnW. 1 he remedy is so plain that it is
astonishing that ifthas not before been applied. One or
twoJiTatices fbreach ofthe four Wards would be amply
sufficientlTor the business that is lo be done. Id the thinly
populated, parts of the.cnuntyperhaps twtuo each beat
are nonjtoo many, buy hey .certainly are in iown. The
difi3culty,when there are so many'magisFratejj of even
getting a quorum together for thetransactiohof County
business is' another senousT objection jfo their numberi?
be willingjto resign, could a law be passed limiting their
number thus obviating the objection that might be urged
acainst such a law? that it would legislate men ant nfnffi.
ce. m We commend this subject to our Representatives. 11
Our election came offyesteraay; with much quietness
and good order the following is the.
Ward 1. Ward 2. Ward 3. Ward 4. Total.
Andrews 17 43
Bigelow 12 35
Carper tv 11 21
Clark1 13 ' 10'
Wilkias 21 31
Shea 10 28
.Fisher " 9' '19B
Babcock 2 '15 ' "'
?nell 8 2 .
CbilJs 2 9
" - 4 "
- . -.
41 . 98
3 - 15
"Gassfot, McAnnelly, Heddenberg, Young,
Carraher. Dechene; Buckley, Slockbridae
"" AlokbSs. Acqrrespondent;ofthe London Mornrao-
-! .!! 1.. - -
'' The r"'Tntrv aiTori.n; i--.iBa-i;,.
French a're'doin extraordinary works, fottrncaiiorisroad
mauing jnu punuc ttuimings, Ajcre is a great oral ot
business doing, principally lor the army; imports, of, all
kinds of provision, and the npcessaries of lie, &c , ag the
country will not supply one quaitrrthe demand; conse-
qu ntly ev4 ry thing is very dear. Brif and mutton are
seven pence per lb., which is double ihe price of any other
port in the Mi diterranron The .town is a very curious
specimen of Arab and Moorish taste "In architecture and de-
corations, to describe which would be Tery difficult One
fourth ofthe old to.vn is pulled do"n, and grand houses,
shops and hotels, rebuilt by the French. Many have
made large fortunes by buying old and bnildinsrnew.
There are upwards of 70,000 soldiers in the country,
lO.OOOiof whom are in hospitals. Great numbers die of
fatigue and starvation. When they maich, they have a-,
bovc one hundred weight to cany, which in a buru'ng
sun js dreadful. The y are, fighting and skirraishingnigbt
and day, and at times wiihin fb'ir miles of this place It
is a war of extermination; noq'iartrr ia given on either
sidcv ,1Jhe Arabs hive a tuft of hair on the back part of
their heads, by which they believe Mahomet lakes them
up to heaven, when slain in battle. They 'tefieve. they
3'iw-t ?2 - hcavi if thoir-jjeads pto "nt "ffj TlTiiYnrt
Tip FrotJi nave found gt 2n:i-.t hyilv-a a clticriiOTi
jii - '-i e ht-, -p soldier come Mto lbs Iesrr wjth- th3
isrn Is of Arabs hsn-'-ng to lha horses, but this LarBarnus
Dm, l nrrrir.isrmia, isto Dfetiisconunuco.- li-ivcsern
il Vatetynluj-iKsaitrongrcsfrnbTaucPto thoDnliei
of Weliinsion. Sinre ipe firji invasion, abyutlpa. jears
atro, there have ei-nabct;l uUOOO brfnch so:di?; s'pm5
For ". .-ooiilprabicj tim? pasl therexhaveupviurdsofiHio
tm.o.tf ni.!?P'tnrr?vrd rverv v.i-t-kr rprv fen- rplrt -
rent even. week to rravlbe arrr,r. -This is bnl n sinilJ
portion ofthe. rxpsnsesv ns aTr"i'Ottiracfsrtfe pal4 bythe
Qovcinmrni iaEans. which,rnuse-EQ-.very ecrmilerable
r. l ti- . ".7 t .- .Kt-- . " r-iTrfr-j "j-.,
it is Hornois.ii' cuuu:iuiMa-4ut4.Ki(-.iu.i'icQa nno ireas-
tttc; andl cannotJearrtv, LitisAtcorri'pJgsate therFroich."
rorsucifacrnicest Uipjc 13 tittle or rothm! to expoit, jmd
the Arubs destroy at! prciiccev-.-bpnov(jr tfieycpn Slid it,
J am informed there is a remarkably fe.-:jje rjlafa about " H
Six milcsoit, whicri ig hlif ra miles longona,eisw miles
broad Settlers have gone and cnltivajraitntlji'bhw
t)po" mnssaercel, anuncjpreantcrntsseirtgSrjjtis.--The
F-tnckhave possession ofthe whofpof the Algetine
eo.isl from BotKi 1 3 Oraii, a distance of nearly ffvehimdred
miK- - i
Tur Ocr.ASc OiiTASC of ilsiMxiL-SFTosi 1
r r,d tht frM"L The ouraricf tfutarHrj whicJniter3l-,:
"Jjr-?nP3ns3 wiUmas, hascppti classciaaspcrrStJttbfo-t1
zoologists fo.have much more Tesemblance to humarrie-'
ings. Ma'ny attempts have been made to procure adult -
indiv iduals, and it is now one ofthe great rsTeslaerataf
amonr naturalists, particularly" of Ameica, tV'compare
the habits an I capacities of this singular" Burlesque, "upon
humanity, if such it is. In the wiijstate orirahe outantrs .1
are universqlly crpgarious, and, as they can use, fnissiles,-
ancl generally fight erect. -'with clnbs.'ihpy arefnvinciLle ,
except tothe musketry ofman, andqfieniittack tigers with
sircess. Ybuntr suecimen. howevcrl'have been taftrn
and trained in Africa, Java. Bornpb, and SumatrafEfi.v
-1.1. t. it.,.. 1 : a ... r cnrni.-:..':?' "J
uriiiuuuu in' v u.ni; autviicu uui u ictt luumuA mc ic-i5 ,i
slrainis ofcivil life, enwugh has been ncitfd tqrncourage- v
the belief that the ourang outangand chimpanzee, if not a. '
sperrs L-i race cii uumamiy. musi op tne conurciing iiuk
between it and the brnlrs. Buflbn strongly advocated the
former, and relates his own observations of an ourang-
which he'siw; he was mild, affectionate, and good natur-f-dj
and signs or words were" sufficient to move him. I
haveseen, says he, thisanfmi'l present his hand to conduct
the people who came to visit him, and walk as gravely
n"ong with them, as if he, had formrd a part ofthe compa-
ny. I'have.sem him sit down at table, unfold his nap-
Kin, wipe his lips, and use a spoon, knife or fork. In con-
vey his victuals to his mouth; and besides pour his liquor
into n kIiss. and make il touch that ofthe person wffer
-Irank with him." -Francis Bvrard in his vovaffes savs:
;In Sierra Leewie there is a strong sprcies that labor as
who walked erect, with no hair on her face, eacept or
eyebrows She mide her bed neatly every jay, hid on
herside, and covered herself with bed 'clothes! "When.her
head ached, she bound it with a kerchief." TV"alieBrun
lsnsafcs of others tbat mird'w"iih Africans ; and Mardo
I (Jramlpre'saw a renMj; T' Uit ij 01 tjlllll.1 upSftt-
iuji nuiiu iii-ui mi uvi-ii --. -rc, ana on a voyage was
as expert at the cipitEh ihhe rigging as an old jar.
In Sumatra. T.wrs myself told by many that in cne orjhir
iflaCTS a familv is Known which spren? from a female
ourang outangthat was inanie-d by a Malay. She soon
fjl owed'lhe customs of other women in her mode oftir-
Ungand working, anJa!tlioiighherofJspringforthree,"gln-
cranons were npariy oumomey now specie thp -same
as mtives. Indeed.many ofihe old mrn en the coast moio
rrsembla ourang outangsthan they do mm. One in p'T-
ticular. n man of rank loo, who came o'fTfrom Pulo-Kio
to the ship, was very like this kind of beast. He had the
flat nose, deficient chin, short pussy front, ears verv larse.
vjiouui.u.uiiu u JMUIU21UU oi iiair covering ii's wnoiH
person; in short, having the peculiar marksoftheourang
outang, excepting ihe long arms, extra distance ci. up""--lip
from the nose, and thirteen ribs. He had also, I
same ludicrous gravity, and melancholy quizzicnlness
expression which the ourant outang always bas (.
course I cannot vouch for thp truth ofthe ourang-huma.
story, but, as Herodotus snys, they so informed me, wht?-
had the best chance to know.
ErMAGNUS T. ROGERS will Jmsupporlea for ihe Shcr.
iffally of Harris lonnty, by Mjot FbTes-b.
jan 3 dlf
Mr. Editor Please announce JAMR? M. McQEE as a can
ilidjte for the office of Sheriff of Harris county at the ensuin"
clcciion, as hp will be supported by Mnt Votehs.
We an- authorized lo announce Maj. JOHN W, MOORE
as a candidate for lie office ol Sheriff of'Banis county at the
ensuing election. -ae.' - l "f-s "
We are authorized lo announce the name of Mr. T.rtd-io
servanrscarry water on meir npaas, ana nqsejglassesanu
carry them"rotind to company." GntTo'Oj'rays'he'saw
at Java, "?in cxtrnordinarv ape a. female verv modest
JTAIiaiSj a a cact'idate for the office of Sheriff of Harris' feltJ
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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 7, Ed. 1, Wednesday, January 6, 1841, newspaper, January 6, 1841; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48116/m1/2/?q=%22%22~1: accessed February 18, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.