Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 36, Ed. 1, Wednesday, August 4, 1841 Page: 1 of 4
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, , ' From the Austin Sentinel.
The iSamHouston papers .have asserted that Judge
Burnet acted cowardly during1 the revolution, and that
he went to Galveston immediately previous to the battle of
ban Jacinto, .with the intention of going to the United
States. This, same charge was. made when Judge Bur-
net was a candidate for the office he now holds, i. e. Vice-
President, and it was then refuted efficiently by him, over
his owri signature. But his enemies no doubt think by
renewing it, to palm it off as truth, upon some at least,
who were not in the country at that time. We have
thought it proper,-lherefore,- to republish Judge Burnet's
remtation of this charge, which we find in the Telegraph
of September 7, 1838 It was elicited more particularly
at that time, by some queston propounded to Judge Bur-
net, by some of his friends through the Telegraph, touch-
ing this subject, together with several others.
The letter of Dr. Patrick a gentleman whose veraci-
ty none can question is a plain simple statement of facts,
and it shows that he writer had only in view the lauda-
ble desire to dear a friend from a most unjust and mali
cious charge. The fact that Judge Burnet, after leaving
his family at New Washington, attempted to reach Har-
risburg, in order to" rejoin the government, almost entirely
alone, and when he had no guarantee that erery mile
would not bring him in view of a Mexican enemy; and
of his persisting when the enemy were within thirty or
forty yards of them, in standing up, in the boat, declaring
at tne same time mat ne wouia take the first shot, are
facts which, although common-place and trifling, go to
stamp the charge of Judge Burnet being a coward, with
falsehood. These could not have been the acts of a brava-
do seeking notoriety, but could only have been prompted
by the impulse of a mind deeply imbued with manly
courage, and conscious' merely of being in the perform-
ance of his duty to his family, his God and his country.
had seated yoUr wife in the boat, with your children, you
were about to leave it for the purpose of assisting to get
off a large flat that lay at the beach, loaded with property
belonging to Col. Morgan, yourself and others. I at this
moment, moved by Mrs Burnet's solicitations, got into the
skiff, entreated you to remain in the skiff; that Col. Thomas
and others (more than sufficient to man the flat,) would get
her off; and the skiff was hastily shoved off, two negroes
at the oars. At this moment, the Mexicans were descend-
ing the hill, and not more than one hundred and fifty
paces from us. We had not made more than thiity or
forty yards from the shore, when the enemy dismounted
on the beach. We had no arms fit for use. You were
standing up in stern of the boat from the time we left the
shore until we had proceeded perhaps a mile; and I re-
collect distinctly at the time the Mexicans dismounted, y
Mrs. Burnet pulling your coat and begging you to sit
down ; you replied : "No, I will take the first shot .'" and
continued standing. Soon after, we discovered a well
manned boat descending the river. We thought it was
loaded with Mexicans, and that our chance of escape was
I a bad one. You then observed, opening your bosom and
exposing your oirK, "that you would not be taken alive;
and your wife replied, that "she would not; but would in
preference, tale a child under each arm and jump over-
Imard. The boat proved not to be manned by Mexicans,
and we effected certainly a narrow and providential
escape, what I believe would have been, to yourself, at
least, inevitable death.
I was with you, subsequently, at Galveston Island.
I our lamily was on board the schooner Flash, ot which
I had control at that time. Yeu had engaged the pas
sage of your wife, children and servant girl, to New Or-
leans: but I never heard that you had an idea of going
yourself; and I have the best reasons for believing that
you had no such intention. You were anxious for the
Flash to sail, (which was crowded with families) urging
as a reason that it was unsafe for them to remain.
Yours, with respect, &c,
GEO. M. PATRICK.
Statement of the Gross Receipts, Expenses, and Ne
Revenue of each Collecloral Port, from 21st September,
1839, to 3sl March, 1841.
Mar. 31. '41,
1,7 a 21
8313,538 29' 133,139 331
Your-next interrogatory, gentlemen comes home to the
bosom, and revives redactions of the proudest and most
painful period of my life. Te answer it in full, myself,
would betrayxueinto too much egotism; I therefore respect-
fully refer you to thesubjoined statements of facts from Col.
James Morgan and Dr. G. "M. Patrick, who were several-
ly conusant of the circumstances they relate. It is an old
adage, "that actions speak louder than words," and they
seldom ' bear false witness " It is also an old device for
a fugitive thief to cry "thief! thief!" to divert pursuers
from himself. There are thieves of reputation as well as
of property. Which "are the most detestable is a moot
question of ethics.
You ask, "Did you at any time during the invasion of i
tne country tsy the Mexicans, in 1836, and particularly
Aumvuijaiuajvcsiuusiauu, meaitaie. leaving
.lis dv tana-or water v
I answer 'promptly, I did not; but was determined to
sustain a posmon on uaivesion uiana, as ine last reiuge
cf hope for Texas, believing that, should our brave little
armv then ;n the field, be vanquished and dispersed (and
I never Relieved they would be, if they could once be
permitted lo"meet the enemy) we could maintain our-
selves there, until succor would come from the great hive
of freemen from whence we have all emigrated. When
I fled with my little family from the enemy at New
Washington, and went to the Island, Texas was "as a
nation scattered and peeled ;" nine-tenths of the popula
tion were rushing to the Sabine; and it was the opinion
of many, that Galveston -would witness a rehearsal of the
terrific tragedy of the Alamo. For this reason, and'be-
cause of the scarcity of provisions, I was unwilling to see
women and children flocking there, and determined to
send ray own family to the United States. I intended to
send my brother-in law with them as a protector, but my
wife objected, saying, "Other ladies are going alone, and
I can too. No man ought to leave Texas at such a
crisis." Some pseudo heroes among us have displayed
The following letters are more explicit of events than
I could well be.
Buffalo Bayou, March 26, 1838.
To David G. Burnet, Esq.:
Dear Sir. In reply to your request to furnish you
with a statement of facts relating to our escape from the
enemy at iew Washington, l remark
Dear Sir. You ask me if, during my temporary stay
on Galveston Island, in the month of April, 1836, you
manifested any intention to leave Texas. The time vou
allude to was a trying one. I was then in command on
the Island, and many persons believed we should have to
do our share of fighting. I recollect that some time pre-
vious to the battle of San Jacinto, and nfter it was known
the enemy had possession of Fort Washington, a report
authenticated by an officer of the nun nnd corroborated
by others, came to the fort, when you were with me, that
a considerable Mexican force was on the Island, and with-
in three miles, or less, of onr quarters, marching forward.
The report obtained universal cerdence, and a number of
our gallants fled with precipitation to the small boats, and
put off for the shipping in the harbor. Your family were
on board the schooner Flash, then in the harbor, and as I
understood were going to New Orleans in her. Indeed
you had settled for their passage, and the vessel was to
have sailed some days before, but was detained by head
winds. When the report above mentioned reached us,
you certainly manifested no disposition to embark; on the
contrary, jjou very promptly gave orders to prepare the
little garrison (less than one hundred men) for defence,
and the commands of the armed vessels in the harbor
were ordered,to place them in a proper position, so that
their guns could hae the most desirable effect, and every
preparation made for battle that was in our power; in
which you were as active, and as readv to take a part as
any man on the Island ; as far as I was able to judge.
In fact, sir, I have no hesitation in savinir. that I believe
you would have been among the last to abandon Texas,
had a total abandonment become necessary.
You request me to be brief 1 cannot be more so.
Remainjngpvitb every respect,
" " "bi YolT obodiont sorvant,
1 New Washington, March 27th, 1838.
Hon. D. G. Burnet
Cast Iroi Church The following is extracted
from the -London Mechanics' Magazine:
St. George's Church, Liverpool, is an object of con-
siderable interest for its taste, and as having been nearly
the first iron church erected in Great Britain. '
The whole of the frame work of the windows, doors,
groins, roofs, pulpit, o'rnamental enrichments, are of cast
iron. The length is 1 19 feet, the breadth 47. It is orna-
mented by a splendid cast iron window of stained glass.
It is not perhaps, generally known that a great propor-
tion of the large manufactories erected in England with-
in the last ten years, are all iron except the walls. And
within two years past, several cottages and country villas
have been put up near London, which are exclusively
cast iron ; walls, doors, steps, roof chimneys, sash, &c.
In England, where wood is dear and iron ehean thB
first cost of such buildings is less than those of timber.
in durability and in beauty, they are of course unequall-
ed. Whrn once finished such buildings require no re-
pairs; and the most finely carved ornaments cost little
more than plain castings.
In Pennsylvania sofhe movements towards introducing
iron buildings have been made The front of the Miners'
Bank at Pottsville, including steps and ornamental work,
IS PZlftt iron nnn lo nper.rihp1 no nwlvMn.nl.. . . ml
.- . .. . u, luvu ao cjkii uiuci v ueai. inis
iront erected about ten years ago is now said to be as fresh
no flttdP Ira ff-tmn t U ..11 I i
ThntnlimuthR iili nf Ar,r;t iqc .,!, u. iront erected i
wife and two small children, to New Washington, with dTi J" "me J '-he publlC and Privat.e buiId'ngs of
......,..,,.., ,,,, lu,mgs jiuvu ueen suosiituted lor mar-
ble with good success. Newburyport Herald.
a view, as I understood from vou. to embark them with
more facility in case of emergency, than could be done at
your own residence, wmen was remote from the river.
The enemy had at this time, crossed the Brazos river at
Fort Band, and the population in this quarter had nearly
all broken up and fled. On the morning of the following
day, you set out on horse back for Harrisburg, at that time
the seat of government. On the 15th or 16(b, you re-
turned on the steamer Cayuga. I understood that vou
did not reach Harrisburg, having learned after you reach-
ed Vince's, (five miles short of Harrisburg,) that the Cabi
net had evacuated that place, having reason to believe
that Mexicans had been seen on the opposite or West side
of Bray's bayou, which intersects the town. I believe it
was the morning of the 16th you returned to New Wash
ingion, your servant naving arrived on the previous
evening with your horses. The steamer proceeded on
the same day, crowded with men, women and children,
to Analiuac, then considered the nearest point of safety.
I understood that you had riven orders fur the boat to re
turn the next morning, or without delay, to take off those
oi us wnicn remained. Among them were yourself and
family. On the morning of the 17th, you sent your ser-
vant and best riding horso to cross the San Jacinto at
Lynch'&i After breakfast, you proposed to vour lady to
go down to the warehouse and make ready for the return
of the steamboat I understood it lo be at that time your
intention to send your family to the United States. I ac-
companied.you to the warehouse, which stood in the flat
a short distance below the elevated grounds; one end of
ii piujccieu over me water, we were severally employ-
ed in the 'warehouse, and loading boats, for some time,
not dreaming of immediate danger, when your servant
returned on a fastgallop, hallooing as he descended the
hill, "Make haste, Mr.' Burnet; the Mexicans are com-
ing " You, probably,! being in the warehouse, did not
hear this first alarm. But it was soon repeated, and con-
firmed. Yoti'had, as T conceive, providentially directed
your negro niao'to bring up a'large skiff to the water end
of the warehouse, where ho was employed loading her
with trunks, ettvat the moment the alarm was given.
The water was low, and the descent from the floor too
great for, Mrs Burnet to -get into the boat from the ware-
house. You ordered it to be brought round to the beach,
and your wife, (.myself carrying one child and you the
other; naa to traverse me wnoie lengtn oi the bouse, and
around to tne Deacn, to embark in the boat
Remarkable Tree. Mr. Agricole, at Golnits, has
in his garden an apple tree, which in the year 1816 bore
268 sorts of apples and other fruit In fact, the tree has
on it above 300 sorts; but those last grafted have not yet
borne fruit This gentleman has effected this curiosity
for his amusement, by inoculating and grafting, and has
fastened to every branch a little board, wilh the name of
the sort of apple it bears. The tree has a strange ap-
pearance, from the various shapes and colors of the leaves
blossoms and fruits. Some years ago, the Russians bi-
vouacked near this tree, and were so surprised at the
strange shape of it, and the number of little boards that
hey did not injure it, though they cut down other fruit
trees for firewood.
Seek rather to be happy than rich Riches lie in baes
or consist of earth and sordid desires. Happiness lies in
a well regulated and enlarged, yet resigned mind, which
wealth cannot give. '
Privilege of the Ladies in Leap Year. In an an-
cient Anglo-Saxon law, which still remains in force it is
enacted: "Albeit as often as leape yeare doathe occiirre,
the woman holdeth prerogative over menne, in matter of
courisliippe, love, and matrimonie; soe that when the
Iadie proposeth, it shall not be lawful for menne to say to
her nae; but shall receive her proposall in all good
A person who Hvps "remote from cities." hearinrr
some person mention bank-jocAr, and bank-rapt, asked if
the former was the material of which the latter wn
Military. When I sav fire! said a miliiln mn;
to his men, all you that have guns must shoot and you
that' have only sticks and coin stalks must point them out-
wurus una cry ooo !
An Immense Coal Mine A French minor cim.
that a wonderful discovery has just been made in the south
of France. It consists of a coal mine of 100 square
leagues in extent. The coal obtained from ihi mine :.
.. . . . ......w ia
I found to he sunerinr tn thn rnnl nrnriir.oi4 A.- .1
After you . celebrated collieries in existence.
lExpenses incurred in building Warehouse included.
t Tune of the destruction nrr.inmllo t.a ooi. f ti, r"niT...
receipts for interim included in the quarter ending Slarch 26, 184l!
I Receipts since August 21st, 1840, included.
Office of Commissioner of Revenue,
.fUIIB lom, 1CH1,
Com. of Revenue.
Ship Canal from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
The new work of Mr. Stephens contains an extended
notice of the survey of a route for a ship canal from the
Atlantic to the Pacific, via Lake Nicaragua, by Mr.
Bailey, a half-pay officer in the British Navy. The
route, as surveyed by that gentleman, commences at the
head of ship navigation on the river San Juan, which
empties into the Pacific, and proceeds to Lake Nicara-
gua, a distance of 15 miles and two thirds. TheJiiahest
elevation on this route, is 615 feet above the level of the
Pacific. The aggregate of ascents from the Pacific to
the Lake is 1047 feet, and of descents 9 19 .feet Conse-
quently the lake is 128 feet higher than the Pacific. Iu
the first eight miles from the Lake, but one lock is-necessary.
In the next mile 64 feet of lockage is required.
In the next three miles, there are about two of deep cut-
ting and one of tunnel ; then a descent of 200 feet in three
miles, by lockage.to the Pacific. The lake itself is 95
miles long, and averages about 15 fathoms of water.
From the mouth of the Lake at its eastern extremity, to
the Atlantic, by the course of the river, which is also call-
ed San Juan, is 79 miles This river has no cataracts or
falls, and the only obstructions are from rapids. Its aver-
age fall per mile, from the Lake to the Atlantic, is one
foot and six-sevenths It is at all times navigable, even
now for pirogues drawing from three to four feet. For
the most part it is deep enough for ships "If the bed of
the river cannot be cleared out," says Mr. Stephens, "a
communication can be mdde by lock and dam, or by a
canal along the bank of the river." The estimated ex-
pense of constructing a ship canal from the Atlantic to
the Pacific, by this route, is thus stated :
From the Like westward to the east
end of the tunnel, 8 to 10,000,000 dollars,
Descent to the Pacific, 2 to 3,000,000 "
From the Lake to the Atlantic by
Canal 10 to 12,000,000 "
VI- -NO. Sh-WHQEE NQ.!.
ITEMS; " ";, ; ;
From the Morning Star. r
Again. We learn from, ft,: a,.v..;
DaDers. that official ;r 1: t t '. iu A
' : "V" """luiuiiuu uas Deen received bv jrnv t -f
ernment, that a difficnlti. in - a ... Vu' rJ-0'."71 d
.bondhavebeen removed by Gel" HamiltonT' endthaL,
' c?Ss posm y avai,abl" faere by ihe S!"3
Accident. We learn from (ho Austin Gazette, that '
Dr. Chalmers and lady, while riding ont bn a pleasure ' r
excursion, were thrown from a'bridge about tw'enfv'feet H
upon ,he rocky bed of a. creek below. Both were seri- ':
ously hurt, but are recovering. . , dl
in ?h a t"B,B-Fo' a Iong-'iraa we had been entirely '
hi the dark relative to the situation.and movements of thii-Jf
general : but a fe 'days'since learned fernSE
Zl r?rtr eAMio..that aninioripiwSb-ii"d'
Vera Cruz that he is in one of the provincesbrderinn- "
on the Pacific, at the head of a large Lty o tST
and so great is his influence andVenh,, f Sl
ernment has not the nower tn rnntml KrJ? 'oil. 1. J5-
in which he thus holds sway, we believe is Lower Call-
S,Wr J t'soSf:Paraied several ranges of high moun- -"
; " "" "" pruviuces, ana abounds in strono-
SUlement shewing the amount exported from the va-
rious Perls of the Republic, from 3lsl Decembei, 1839,
to 3lst March, 1841. ,
Exports from 3lst December, 1839, to December 31st, 1840.
From what Port Value domes- Valne ol lor- , . r
exported. tic exports, eign exports. lom iiXPortj-
Galveston, - 42,16883 17,355 41 49524 26
Velasco, . 55,503 55 28,392 47 83,896 02
Matagorda, . 24,479 92 4,102 00 28,581 92
Lalaca, - 14,583 95 14,583 95
Aransaso, - 930 00 930 00
Sabine, - 42,885 00 42,885 00
S127.666 27 $92,734 88 $220,401 15
Exports in First Quarter, ending 3lst March, 1841.
J Total exports, 1st
- quarter, itm.
roiai exports in
16,906 75 27.145 97 44,052 72
19,95750 19,957 50
9,860 45 9,860 45
120 0J 120 00
18,805 00 18,805 00
65,619 70 27,145 97 02,795 67
127,66627 92,73188 220,40115
$193,315 97l S119.8S0 85 $313,196 82
Exports included in this amonnt since 2lst August, 1810.
Note. For the quarler ending 31st March, 1841, no returns
have been received from Matagorda. For the quarters ending
30th June and 30th September, 1840, no Exports lrom Aransaso.
r or me auaners enaing tne ;uin aeDtember and mim nm
umce Uom'r ol Revenue, ( E. L. STICKNEY
June 15th, 1840. J Com'r ol Revenue.
the 3lst December, 1839, to 31?j
Imports from 31 st December, 1839, lo 31st December, 1840.
Port imported into.
Jlst December, -
30th September, -
3lst December, -31st
1st December, -31st
30th September, -
3lst December, -
1,90 J 71
SI ,378,568 98
Imports in First Quarter, ending 31st March, 1841.
22,4 ri 50
Galveston, - - 31st March,
Velasco, - " " - -
Matagorda, " " -
Labaca, - - 26ih " -
Aransaso, - - 3lst " -
San Augustine, " " -
Sabine, . " " - -
Total imports 1841,
" " 1940,
Office of Com'r of Revenue,
June 15th, 1841.
E. L. STICKNEY,
Com'r of Revenue.
Total 20 to 25,000,000 dollars,
This amount greatly exceeds the estimated cost of a
similar communication from Chagres on the Atlantic to
Panama on the Pacific, as contemplated bv the French
pranadian Company. The expense of the latter work
is estimated by the parties concerned in its construction, at
only 16,000,000 francs, or about three million dollars.
The Paris Constitutional has a long article on the sub-je.-t
of this projected improvement, of which the following
is an extract :
"The valley which separates the towns of Chagres
and Panama (which will form the two extreme points of
the communication) is 80 kilometres in length, in follow-
the the curve which it describes. The river of Chagres,
whose mouth is in the Caribbean sea, and the one called
Rio Grande which discharges itself into the Pacific, will
be deepened and united by means of their confluents,
which near each other about the middle of the distance to
be travelled, and which will themselves be re-united bv a
canal of from 15 to 20 kilometres in length, and whose
execution presents no difficulty.
1 ne communication will be fit to receive large vessels,
without any thing impeding their passage, which, by
means of steam vessels, will be effected in ten hours at the
" The estimate of the expense does not exceed sixteen
millions of francs.
' The climate is fine and healthy. Materials of every
kind, as wood, stone, lime, brick, &c. abound throughout
every part of the isthmus.
" A great number of workmen, inhabitants of Costa
Rico and Vmezuela, are already offering themselves to
Mr. Morel, to be employed in every species of work.
"New Granada, convinced that the opening of a large
canal will be the harbinger of a return of her former
prosperity, has made to the company represented by Mr.
Salamon, some very important concessions. The princi
'' 1st Lands which are gratuitously ceded in a very
"2nd. The privilege of communication of every na-
ture, and the right of fixing and collecting tolls for sixty
'3rd. The exemption from duties of all implements
destined for the construction of the canal and the use of
"4th. The privilege of steam navigation upon the
rivers and c.inal for forty-five years.
" One of the principals of the firm of Salamon & Co.
is now in Europe. It is probable, that as a Frenchman
himself, it has occurred to him that France is interested in
more than one way that his projects should be executed
Thus will the separation of the two Americas, which
seemed to require the powerful hand whose effort senarat- .
ed Gibraltar from the African continent, be the result of
a work of slight importance, which a very ordinary num-
ber of workmen will accomplish in five or six years, with-
out the occurrence of any serious obstacle, and which will
demand a capital hardly equal to that 'for one of our rail-
ways to St Germain or Versailles.
The opening of this communication will undoubtedly
be, and without even excepting the rail road which Eng-
land will soon possess on the isthmus of" Suez, cne of the
most important events which can come'to pass the most
positive amelioration which can be added to the surface of
the globe, whose influence will be felt at once upon the
civilization, the commerce, and the politics of the world.
, - t --, wu auuuuus in stronc
fastnesses, that may," be defended with ease-bv a veiv- "
smal force . The , inhabitants of thi. province aree- '
motely situated from Mexico, and have never been entire- ,
ly subjugated to ,he central government-IUrVe thert '
fore will probably find httie-alfficulty-in-sujnTng his ,
position for a long period against the lentral rantiofities! ,
The Austin Gazette says, "a Temperance Society his '
been organized m this city. Mr.-.R. BullockPres&nt;
Mr. T ft Foster, Vice-President; Mr. J. D.Ahderson '
Recording Secretary: and Judire J. "Lpo r&r,i. a:', L
Secretary. There will be a meeting on the second Thurs- L
day in July. - t
, VCKr WAR.-The preople ohAustfnlre.'so'
cut off from the rest of the republic, that they imagine the ,
little eflervesanceofpublic opinion in that littlo city is the
will of the people of Texas,, Thus thVrecent capture of,"
Dimitt and his1 party on Corpus' Christi has created so "
much excitement that the people of Austin a're'anxiSus to ' ",
have war renewed at once ; and the editor of,the A'ustin
City Gazette declares that it is his "firm convicW that
it is the will of the people of Texas to sustain iUK DiniFt." ,
Now if by this he means that it is the will of the people of
Texas that Mr. Dimitt should besustainedi hfhis settle- ,
raent on Corpus Christi Bay, in' o"rder that he may sell
goods to the Mexicans, at an PYnpnio nf o.l .... j
dollars to the government in keenintr nn ;r,;i.-i.,
there, or that it is necessary to raise In armybfr volun-
teers to hold possession of the country west of the Niieces' t
iu time, ue is misiaicen. lhe people of Texas wish to -remain
quiet and wait until the meeting of the next Con-
The Gallatin and Patrick, Henry, arrived-last 'night -bringing
the mail of the-Savannah.'lwhich arrived at
Galveston on the 28th. By this arriyal; we. have -New-Orleans
papers of the 25th of July. They conlam'some
important news relative to a new revolution id MarieV - '
The Province Oajaco has revolted, and declared for -Federalism.
Tampico is on the eve of revolt Several
contemplated insurrections have been discovered-arid -'put '
down, and the garrison wa3 kept cott3tantlyion duty to- '
prevent an out break. Santa Anna has been 'appointed
Military Commandant of Vera Cruz.
We have learned that Mr. P. Dimittand his four com- "
panions were arrested by the order 0? Arista, upon the
charge that they were spies. It seems letters to this effect
were sent to Arista bv some settlp.rs nf th ,., -v.
Sanches who captured them, according ta the statement
of Mr. B. Carlle (who was at Corpus. Christi when the
capture was made) treated all the prisoners with the great-
est politeness. t , . J. .'
New Method of Electioneerinc-IIi -isVsai'd "
there is a fellow up country electioneering for 'the office
of Senator, who is a "bumnolosist" and he'ertnli'ii,.. "
science to such advantage that he is likely to distance all '
his competitors. He exDatiatKrsb 'nomnrinsTTr n'U luk
attributes of Philoprogenitiveness,' Concentrtivehess, Ac-
quisitiveness, Secretivenesfv Individuality, Causality.i&c. T
&c , that many of his hearersrastounded by these big
words, imagine him dnVoflhe-mosfarwi" men in the
repuonc, ano declare they will vote for him "sartain.'.'
The bill for the establishment of a fiscal bank-now be-
fore the U. S. Senate, meets with much opposition. Its
opponents are endeavoring to weigh it down with amendments.
Renovation of the Peach Tree. The editor of
the New England Farmer says that a gentleman residing
in Cambridge, informs him that charcoal placed around
the roots of the deceased peach stock, was serviceable.
He immediately removed the soil from around the trunk
of a sickly tree in his garden, supplied its place wilh char-
coal, and was surprised at its sudden renovation, and sub-
sequent rapidity of its growth, and the tenacity with which
the fruit held on the branches, and the usual richness of
its liavor when matured.
Potatoes Some have recommended that after the
last hoeing of this root, a coating of straw be spread over
the plants and between the rows. This will check weeds,
keep the ground moist, and ndd to the crop. If potatoes
are hilled, it should be with ono broid and flat, and the
same remark will apply to those made around corn.
Brazil. The coronation of his Majesty, Don Pedro
II d' Alcantara, as the "Constitutional Emperor and per-
petual defender of Brazil," took place in the month of
May last, commencing on the 22d. The ceremonies were
to occupy nine days.
Auburn and Rochester Railroad. This important
link in the chain of communication between Albany and
Buffalo will be completed and put in operation by the 1st
of October next. This company have availed themselves
of the present depressed prices to purchase their iron,
which will cost them not exceeding 843 per ton.
A German paper, called the Volk's Freiund, (the Peo-
ple's Friend) has lately been started at Cincinnati Those
who have read it understanding, pronounce it to be in-
teresting and ably conducted.
The Bat of California. Tho Alexandria Gazette
publishes an interesting letter from an American citizen
residing in Upper California, from which we make the
following extract, giving a description of the Bay or Har-
bor of San Fiancisco:
"It is one of the largest and most splendid in the
world. The entrance is between two highlands, and
about the width of the Narrows at Staten Island. The
bay is more than 100 miles in length, and I should judge
from 6 to 8 in width It is protected in every direction
from the winds, has good bottom for anchorage, and is
j eoro x hefts several robberies have lately been
: committed in this city by negroes. We think the prac
tice 01 leuing negroes hire their time, has a tendency to
increase crimes of this .description. We have known
some masters to require the negroes who thus hired their
time, to bring to them every evening or every Satur-
day night, the sum for which they engaged their time,
and if the money was not forthcoming, the negro was se-
verely flogged. Now this reminded us of the advice a
roguish father bequeathed to his son. My son, said he
"get money; get it honestly if you can, but at any rate-
get money!" It is just so with some negroes; they are
compelled to get money or lose their time ; and if thev
cannot get it honestly, they will steal. At all events, the
temptation from this source is so great, that it is by no
means surprising that thefts are frequent We do not
intend these remarks to apply to the masters of any ne-
groes who have lately been detected in theft, for ro .
. not aware that any such are culpable. We consider the
( practice above mentioned, evil in its tendency, and we
censure it iu general terms.
A rule has been adopted in the House of Eepresentai -.
tives of the TJ. S. which limits every srieaker tn nnnU,,.
in speaking upon any one question. It is said since that
J . V r . . -j ---- 1 MiaMlluaJUUCinnr
capable of containing with perfect safety all the navies of j rul? was adopted business has progressed witfcan acceler-
the world. Three large rivers empty themselves into ',aleuPace.
this bay through a strait called Kargines, forming, by
their junction, another separate and interior bay. These
rivers are called the Sacramento, San Joachim, and Jesus
Maria. Some of these rivers are navigable for good sizpd
steamboats at least 100 leagues The surrounding coun-
try has a soil unsurpassed for richness and fertility, and a
climnte which, for salubrity and mildness, has not its equal
in any other part of the globe. The extremes of heat and
cold arc unknown, the seasons being more properly di-
vided into wet or dry.
"This place, from its natural position, is undoubtedly
destined to become the great commercial metropolis of all
the western coast of North America. It is about 250
miles from the southern limits of the United States Terri-
j The four negroes, Madison, Warwick, Seward nnd
; Brown, convicted of the late murders in St Louis, were
hanged on the 9th inst on an Island in theMississiDDi
s opposite that city. rt
! Bank Robbery. The branch bank of Illinois at
: lhZ1 Wi Lrob,bed on the n'Sht of the 12"i '"St. of about
. 887,000. The doors were entered by false keys.
; The case of- McLeod has been sent back for trial bv
.the Supreme Court of New York; a discharge under the
1 habeas corpus having been denied.
The Health or JSTew Orleans. The Nw n.
leans Bulletin of the 24th says, "July is fast waning and.
miles iruiu iiic auuiiitiu iiiiijia ui iuc uiiiicu oiuies xerri- , -..-.- J . -5 uiu
tory of Oregon, and could the northern part of California, our.cUy co?,t,nu.es l0 S ent,re nption from the des-
which is now useless and a bill of expense to the Mexican Lr ii ep 4,' 2?" Drf ntuasPect of "e weather is
Government, be annexed by purchase- or other means to
our possessions, it would ultimately eive to the United
States the commercial and maritime control on this coast.'1
Abuse of Words. One of the most powerful instru-
ments of vice, tho most fatal of all its poisoned weapons, is
the abuse of words, by which good and bad feeling are
blended together, and its deformity concealed, from an
apparent alliance to some proximate virtue. Prodigality
and dissipation are liberality and high spirit. Covetous-
ness, frugality. Flattery, good breeding. As society
adinnces in civilization, the power of this engine does not
diminish. To give harsh deeds soft names is one of the
evils of refinement. In preventing this confusion; in pre-
venting this abuse of words; in sustaining a high tone of
moral feeling, by giving haisb names to harsh deeds, the
preservation of the boundaries between virtue and vice
m "'"!" depends.
favorable. The North wind, the precurser of disease
La niailari 11 Yint nnro nnn itian ml.. 1L.
" "" - "". "rj . y JO a lew days.
The current of air still comes from a sonthpTl,, Ji..i.r.
and frequent showers fall to keep up a healthy irrWon'
and purify the atmosphere. But our hopes of health am
founded as well on other causes as on the favorable state
of the weather Amonglhechief ofthesemaybe ranked
the scarcity of subjects fit for the ravages of-the tropical
pesilence. Seldom has the number of strangers andun-
acclimated been less m New Orleans, in proportion to
population than during the present season. - The'dulness
of the times and general stagnation of business, sufficiently
accounts for this, without assigning other, reasons.
A longiPassage. The Dublin Monitor of June 34
says, that a vessel called the Jrssie, Captain Harding left
Quebec on the 17th November, 1840, and was not heard
of until the 1st of June, having been at sea nearly, seven
months without having spoken a vessel or entered a port!
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Cruger & Moore. Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 6, No. 36, Ed. 1, Wednesday, August 4, 1841, newspaper, August 4, 1841; Houston, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48145/m1/1/: accessed September 28, 2023), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.