Texas Ranger & Lone Star. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, June 9, 1853 Page: 1 of 4
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"THE STAR SPAXGLrTiiN'N
Ell, Ol LONG MAY IT "WAVE,
O'ER THE LAM) C TH XEE.
AJfD THE HOME OF THE BRAVE.'
WASHINGTON, TEX '"HFRSDAY, JUNE 9, 1853.
" . l " "
&l)z &cxas Banger,
PUBLISHED WEEKLY B
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For Uie Hanger.
To My Loved Ones.
I have two little darlings,
" "With eyes of deepest blue,
There's just a, year between them,$-
And the younger is but two ; ,
iVatch their minds expanding
With fond and earnest hope, "
T Like fragrant little blossoms,
Whose petals daily ope.
Frank says he's 'mother's rosebud,
And l'ttle brother Wiilcy,
"With skin like alabaster;
Is budding roy water-lilly ;
" I call them both my mock-birds,
For like music to my ear,
And their merry little voices,
So silvery and clear.
What dew is to the flower,
The rainbow to the sky,'
Atc these children to my pathway,"
Which they cheer and beautify ;
To fill my heart with gladness,
- With thankfulness and praise,
They chase away my sadness,
And leave no gloomy days.
Though many other blessings ,
Around my footsteps fall,
61y children and theicfathcr,
Are chief among them all.
My life seems crowned with joys
When'er I lobk on them,
And they the brightest-jewels
Within the diadem.
" Tien blessings on my darlings,-
Bright blessings from above,
God grant their tender boyhood,
Miss not a mother's love.
Oh! may my dajs be lengthened,
1 hroughout their early youth,
To lead them in the pathway -
Of honor and of truth.
God grant me, too, His spirit,
- To guide iheir souls aright,
1 o teach them by example,
'I T). walk as in His sight;
And when this life is ended,
May all whom He has given,
United, form a family, -
Within the Courts of Heaven.
Angry words are lightly spoken
In a rash and thoughless hour ;
-Brightest links of life arc broken
By a single angry word.
Hearts inspired by wai mest feeling,
Ne'er by anger stin 'd before,
Oft are rent past human bearing
By a single angry woid.
Poison drops of care andtjprrow,
Bitter poison drops tfrefThey,
Weaving for the coming morrow
Saddest mem'iies of to day..
Angry words ! oh, let them never
From the tongue unbridled slip,
Xet the heart's best impulse ever.
Check them e'er they soil the lip.
Love is much too pure and holy,
Friendship is too sacred far,
For a moment's reckless folly
Thus to desolate and mar. .
Angry words are lightly spoken,
Bitterest thoughts are rashly stirred
Brightest links of life are broken
By a single angiy word.
Wanted An Angel for Heaven.
And so death closed those little eyes shroud-
ed their bright glances. Oh, that the sun would
not come streanitngin on his shrouded form as
if there was no grier"Jn the world.
How sweetly he bleeps, that httl
angei 1 now Jigtitiy cuu ine glossy ringlets on
bus white forehead ! You could weep your ve.y
soul away, to think thht those cherub hps will
never, never unclose. Ya.nly you clasp, and
unclasp that darling Land, that wandered so
fiZreJJU Chee5' V"InlVar arD?ishe.d
$ f33 K reaT r y f - ?
twin! thL I iVTli ST r
blowing through wreathed shells, slumbers fnr
, , -T .. , , , 1 1 . I
rr "AnJcrtllrt-i .Minnt.. "1
;u. j -:n it ui r. !rf "
" ... WW uv uuiJ v nutiu Auuwud uu till 1
..w.j AWV JUU ULfckV UV kVfcW
in your ear, its chariots rumble by, it smiles
broadly in your care worn face, it mocks you as
you, sew the shroud; it meets you at the coffin,
at,tbe grave ; and its heavy footsteps tramp up
and down in the empty room from which you
- 'have borne your dead. Rut it comes never in
the bosh of night to wipe away your tears !
-Wanted an angel for Heaven ! Can yuu look
np ? Can you bear the splendour of that sight ?
Ten thousand celestial beings, and your own
radiant childSngel in their midst.
" In his eyes a glory light,
On bis brow a glory crown."
Wanted angels for Heaven ! Cling not too
eloseiy4d your beautiful treasures, children of
Some .Facts "Worth. Reinenibering.
A vigorous man breathes from his lungs each
day, about thirteen ounces of pure cat bon.
This quantity of carbon is equivalent to an equal
weight of pure cliarcoal, burnt daily in his luugs.
to develope the electro-dynamic excitation or
constituting animal heat and animal motive pow-
er. At Ibis rate, a man bums about twice- his
weight of carbon every year, and in the allotted
teini of thiee-scoie years and ten, consumed a-
bout ten tons of carbon or ehaicoal, in develop-
ing animal heat and motive power.
By exposing dried blood in a covered ciucible
to a red bea a residum of charcoal will be left,
which cannot be distinguished from the char-
coal left, in the same c; ucible after wood, biead,
sugar, flesh, &c, have been similai ly exposed.
'lhe quantity of air passing thiough the luugs
of a man ot oidinary size every lu-onty-foui
Louis has been found to be 266 cubic feet,- of
which 2 J 2-3 cubic leet aie changed into car-
bonic acid gas.
If the s-upjly of oxygen and hydiogcn is cut
off or diminished, the eomtiti-,tiin of eaibon will
djiuiuish iu a coriespoudiug piopottiun, and the
physical stiength and loeumutue power of ani-
mals will also diminish. Hence, on ascending
mountains a the air becomes mote dense, it
contains less oxygen, and men andanimalssoon-
cr begin to pant, as if. they had been i mining,
iu oitier to supply themselves with the oxygeu
with which to consume the carbon in their iood.
-derive exorcise produces lapid breathing, and
consequently a gi eater amount of ogcn enteis j
the system, aud produces a more rapid combus-
tion of eaibon. If the supply of ovygeu is cut
off in any way, as by woikmg in un ventilated
apaitmeuta, the power of the operative is soon
exhausted. Hence. the most improved woik-
shops iu Euglaud are supplied with fresh air by
the mechauieal power ol fan machines.
A horse consumes about eleven pounds of
eaibon "and hydiogcu daily, in the fotin of food,
but only about fhe and a half pounds aioiidu-
'pois appears to be burnt in Ins lungs, liom
whence it is infeiied that half of his iood is
This is owing to the imperfect mastication of
wiry dry Lay on which he is fed. Liebig con-
siders that faeces of -animals to represent the im-
pfectly burned or oxidized poitions of their
food, and compares it to soot oi lampblack lesult-
ing fiom impel feet combustion in oidinary fur-
naces. To prevent this wasteful expenditure of car-
bon, ruminating animals are provided with
musclfcs for bringing back front the stomach to
the mouth the solid ligneous fibres of the grasses,
so as to subject them to a new mastication and
to extract from them the carbon which was not
elaborated on the first chewing.
The time and labor required by a horse or an
ox to masticate 2o lbs. of bay completely pre-
vents his being able -tuwoikJTor man as many
hours as a man can woik. A man can work
twelve hours, a horse only eight. The reason
is, that when the horse has finished woiking for
his master, he must turn miller; and spends sev-
eral hours in grinding his daily grist for supper,
before he can lie down to rest Man's hours for
labor would not exceed eight if ho were obliged
to chew his raw wheat and corn instead of avail-
ins himself of the services of the miller and the-
baker. Hence, in Holland, horses are frequent-
ly fed with grain reduced to the form of loaves
A wise economy would lead those whojuse beasts
of burden to have their food prepared for them
just as systematically as for their own table.
A large portion of the carbon in hay and grain,
whicli is burned in the lungs of animals goes
merely to supply animal heat, without contribut-
ing to motive power or nutrition, A warm barn
therefore, saves the unnecessary combustion of
much costly organic carbon in the lungs, to sus-
tain the due tempeiature of the hlocd heat of
cattle clothed with short hair. Cei tian animals
to economi&e the limited piovision of carbon and
hydrogen treasured up in their bodies in the
form of fat, to be burnt in the form of fuel, iu
their lungs, are motionless and torpid during
wiuter. Fuel is as 'necessary for motion in a
bear or in a horse as-in a steam engine. By
this economy only is the bear enaabled to pre-
vent the freezing ot his body during winter.
For a like roion, the animals of the polar le-
gions hat-o white instead of dark coverings as in
the tmpical climates, because the white color
auniuisucs iue i autumn ot neat.
It commonly icuuiios the combustion of about
ten cubic feet of ordiniry coid wood per day to
ueveiope sicain power equivalent tD tlio power
of a single hotsc -dnjacre of hud, it is esti-
mated, will pioduce annually one huud.cd and
twenty-eight feet of wood, whicli will operate
an engine of one hoise'powcr eighteen das.
At this rate the aunuil giowth of twentyr-three
acies would be rcquireu fortlnee hundred work-
ing da's of the year
Wood'cnnt.inis about 50'per cent of eaibon,
and five of hyd.ogen. An acre of land will an
nually produce about 8?000 lbs. of wood, which
contain above 1,S00 lbs of these elementary
substances carbon and hydrogen.
The cost of fuel for ,i steam-engine on the
Atlantic scabonid is less than half the cost of
food (or fuel) for a work horse to develope an
equal mechanical forcer The ratio of cost will
be as 39 to 63.
The Hebrew Genealogies in the Biuie.
Genesis, ch. 5 The Rev. Dr. dimming
mrt nnrinndv Jinf ; lc n ra..V..l.l.. T...
that the names that ate given in thi, chapter of
J memoirs and epitaphs, when literally transited
! from the Hebrew, contain a prophecy of the
.Gospel of Christ, each one conveying a great
! and blessed truth
"ldam is tbe rst mei which means, 'man
in the imaSe of God " Set!l Substituted by ;'
Ensfraifman;' Cainan, 'lamenting;' 3Iaha-
wi 1.1. 'n ' 1-1 , . - . . '..
""J"' vuuuu.li, tiiuu iu jo ,i 1 Ulllill IVilUli; lilUt
?"" l"e wesseauott,' jared, -snail come
nrttwn . 1.. 1. t i 1
I,,"".' nocn, leacumg :' JUathuselan, Mas
death shall send :' l.imoc,tn tlm ImmKIn '
Noah, Jrest' or 'consolation.'
" It is thus, that if you take the whole of the
names, and simply in the order in which they
are recorded, you have this truth stated by
"To man, once made in the image of God,
now substituted by man, frail and full of sor-
row, the b.essed God himself shall comedown
to the earth teaching, and his death shall send
tot J !arale, consolation.
lhis is just an epitome of Christianity."
Matches are now split" by the most approved
machine at the rate of 60,000 a minute. An
arcbange thinks this will be gratifying news to
parsons about to apply for a divorce'
How to take Care of a
A watch must be cajefullv attended
should be woundup cveiy morning ci "- "nsp?
(pei haps evening "is the best time,) abou'. tl?eg
same Hour. '1 he key should bo in good condt:
firm nnfl fif trnll tn llm nm. Tf tf :,, 1
, -.. ... ,,w iu iuv,uiuui. xi iiiaiuu iiir"u,p5?
anil lias a steel point, it will soon wear off
corners of the ai bor, and then it cannot
wouna up at all. it should also be wound udSS
with care, not too fast nor slow: there aie morel
mainsprings and chains broken thiough a ieik
in wiudiug, thanfiom any other cause. As all
metals contract and expand by boat.
manifest that to keep the watch as neai
sible to one temperature, is a necesc:
attention. Keep the watch as constanlv as nos.
sible in one position that is, if it hangs by day,
let it hang by night against something soft
I tie nanus ot a cluouometer or duplex watch
should never be set backwaids iu other watch-
es this isof jio censi
nevei bj opeued iu
at the back. On regulating a watch, should it
be last, move the tcgulator
slow, and it going slow, do tl.e recise. 1 ou
wuiiut uiuvc uio luguiaior too siigmiy or 100
gently at the time," aud the only inconvenience
is, that you may have to ncifoim the dut more
ii :i inif
uueuce. The glass should ?&a5fers&5ltheni an onnortunitv of lu&uTMr-fm- flmmcnlroc
watches that set and lcgulate l&aS&sss; nf Ms o-Amntv. Tie nllndpd fn fw .L i.
slintlld keen -l V:trli rm ti lu'.li lio mnnnf i . lr Vi-
accuracy; a good watch is a faithful me
poor one is like a fa'se companion. It
of our young or old fiiends who may come from
the couutry this summer to visit New Yoik city
and the Oiystal Palace, buy a watch at any aue-
tiou lie may see going on 111 any street, however
1 expectable in appearance the shop m iy le; if he
docs, he will hae to pay for a guilt instead of a
gold one; in such cases the price paid is always
too dear for the lesion taught.
' Tiie Careless Younj Wife.
It is an eveiy-day matter to hear a young mar-
ried woman, after twelve months of experience
in the married life, complain of the growin
difference of her husband that he is more ire -
qucutlv from home,- aim seeks oilier society.
She seldoms attempts thoroughly to analyze the
cause of his change, or by self-examination to
see whether she herself is uot the cause of the
unhappy altejation she deplores. Her vanity is
piqued, but her reflection is seldom aroused.
There arc cases, and too many of them, too,
where men. rather led "by passion than leason,
absolutely, feel the indifference they soon take
no pains to conceal, but in nine cases out of ten, j
in our expenence the tauic nas oeen witn tne
lady. They expect the lomance of love to en-
dure when they themselves are gradually disrob-
ing a condition which was, in anticipations, so
full of bliss.
In the course of a little time, with that eter-
nal, abominable and disgraceful excuse for all
kinds of neglect, " Oh ! it's only my husband,"
she begins to neglect the exercise of those attrac-
tions and nice observances, which won his affec-
tions at fiist. She will come to breakfast of a
morning with her hair in papers, or wearing an
untily and slovenly -looking wnpper, and then
sie is astonished that her husband hastily swal-
lows his breakfast, and prefers his well-regulated
conntinghouse to the companionship of a slovenly
wife. If a woman should dress for any one per-
son more than another, it is her husband. A
woman, who is inspired by true affection, will
make it.her special study to cultivate those lit-
tle f races, which will give her an air of continu-
ed novelty This is the great secret in romance
of courtship through the closer ties of imrried
life. The married lady who is always in disha-
bille, must not be surprised if her husbands ha-
bits soon become as looe and circlets as her own ,
and if ha seek the society of ladies whose attrac-
tions are better displayed.
A Negro Sermon.
The d?ccourse from which the annexed pas-c-iT'
is taken, wi: acfu-illy preached in tlie town
of Zmesvillc, Ohio, someyears ago. The name
of the reverend divine who was a colored gen-
tleman, and w believe a sincere an 1 humble
Christian, we have forgotten ; but the Judre
Harper to w'lTn he ref ir5, w; renrmVr wll.
ncTwi;. we hlieve, at tint time p-eiding Judgn
nf the loth Judicial Circuit of the Court of
Common Please, has since represented the Dis
trict in Uongress, and is, it werenot mitaKcn,
the present Representative. ' be Jndge was '
nreent at the delivery of the sermon, and was
brouglit in by the preacher, br wnv-of illustrat-
ing a certain position, then and thcro taken by
him. Bur to the passage :
" Tfy dear friends and bredren," nid the
preacher, " de soul oh d- braek man is deer to
the Lord as de snul ob dc white man.
" Now 3'ou all ec Judge H irper, a ittin' d ih
leanin' on his gold headed cine von all know
de Judge, niggers, and berrv fine min hn is, too.
Well, now, I'so gwine to mike a little coni-
parishmeut. Snppoin' de Judge some fine
mnrnin' put his bisket on I113 arm. and go01 to
maikct to buy a piece ob meat. He snnn find
a nice fat piece of mutton, and trodsoffwid it
Do vou 'posc de Judge would stop to 'quire
wedder dat mutton was ob a white sheep, or a
black hecp ? No, nufiin ob de kind if de mut-
ton was nice and fat.it would b3 all de anie to de
Judge Ho would not stop to ax wedder do
s' eep hnd white wool or braek wool.
" Well, just so it is. my friends, wid our He-
benlv M irster. He does not stop to az wedder
a sul 'longs to a white man or a brack man
wedder his head is kivvered wid trait bar, or
kivvered wid wool. De question he will ax. will
be' Is dis a good soul r an' if so. do Marster
will say 'Enter into joy ob our Lord, an' set
down on de same bench wid de white man yon'
e all on a perfect 'quality." Decaliir, Ala.
Vivrrr flnnnTMIIP. A loVC lom
broke a w?sh bone with his ' heart's queen some-
where in New Hampshire.
1 Now what d'you wish Sally ;' demanded
Jomtlnn, with a tender grin of expectation.
1 I wish I was handsome.' replied tho fair
damsel, handsome as Queen Victory '
1 Jerrusalem ' what a wish ! replied Jonathan,
when you're hansnm nugh neow. But I'll tell
yer wat I wish. Sally, I wish yon was locked
up in my arms, and the key lost.
Secr keep a poor watch, tint i, one ith
poorly finished woiks, which cannot, under anv SiJac??
eilLUlll!.r.Tll.,.s. fcnnn ,mnA tim Yn nonl
3-rs?- SWSlam vauous parts ot the Uistnct.
nfra vsTjriiri- tb -l:
It is going to bed and . ug insensible as
a log for eight hours. It i' .hen coming out in
the morning and saying " Tow d'ye do r" and
u Good morning," to a sco e or two of people,
if you happen to be somebody ; if not, you can
walk quietby along, and ruminate on your break-
fast of tea and toast; for if you want to have
any hold on life you must not take coffee. Then
you buy mutton and turnips, that is easy and
agreeable enough, the trouble is to come when
you are obliged to eat them. But let it be sup-
posed that you get through it fortunately at last.
We forgot to mention that, previous to dinner,
you may have spoilt several sheets of whita pa
per, added up several columns of figures, and
repeated from memory such words "cs Napoleon,
Cuba; the Pacific and Broadway Railroad, just
you did yesterday and will do again to mor-
row. After dinner you take up an evening journal,
but cannot get any more than in the morning,
beyond the stock sales, and one or two advertis-
ments. When it grows dark you take a turn or
two across the parlor, in one of which you get a
peep out of the window, and if the stars or
moon are shinning, say " beautiful evening j1'
if they arc invisible, why then tha words are,
" likely to be a change of weather " Upon
this you go to bed again.
We do not recollect any thing else material
in the life of a corafoi table man ; of course, if
he wishes to enjoy himself, he does not go to par-
ties, theatres, and lectures, they are the three
strands of the chord which strangle peace of
mind. No man can be happy and do either,
and it is a happy life only we are attempting to
describe. This consists of few and simple inci-
dents, like a Greek drama. In proportion as
these multiply, anno3'ances increase. Life pro-
peily, has five acts, like a regular play. These
aie these: Going to bed, getting up, saying good
morning, dining, saying good evening, and then
going to bed again- Nciqark Daily Advertiser.
ISscapc of Fugitives.
Practical Amtfgamntion in Brooklyn. The cit-izen-
of our fanatical neighboring city across
the river, wore staitlcl tlfc other diy with the re-
pot t that two mulatto boys fugitives from bond
age, had made their escape and were at the house
ot a highly respectable citizen, the son or an es
teemed clcrgym in residing in or near Pierpmit
!5i X??3i?3S imperative duty to virft the Deonle. and five
a trifle towaids the SgggSSgS"3SSgg
- n '1 r -y r - 1 . Jr j"' "j-TW"tJ'T
street. All the negroes, abolitionists an 1 anti-
fngitivc slave-lawites were around at once, and
the ''poor boys" engrossed the attention of all
Biooklyu for at least twenty-four hours. The
undaiground railroad was put in orlur at once
and an attempt inula to run the fugitives off
not to Cau id 1 but to the Alms House. Why
the Alms lion-,; D n"t be in a huriy, reader,
you have not heaid all yvt The two yellow
boys were 11 jt f. ou d nvn South, 11 ir . e tli ,-
boin slaves. N), they weie, thank Go.l, bin
as free as any chil 1 iu UoikKn Th.-y wjre
goin to the Alms II mc to be Liken ca.e of,
To make a long story short, the pieaching of
rjcury Ward Beecher" has had its effect. A
dnuhterof one of tho fiist and wealthiest fam
dies of liiooklyn and wife of a son of a reverend
clergyman, acting upon the principle that a nc-
gio is as good as a whiteman, and, believing that
Dan, the coachman, was a better man than her
husband, carried out the idea of Mrs. Oakes
Smith, and followed the example of Potiphar's
wife.. Unfoitunately, Dan did not, like Joseph,
shy her presence The consequence was a pre-
sentation to her husband or Dan, (we do not
know which) of a pair of as fine, fat woolly-
heads as ever delighted the eye of a free soiler.
The long and short of it is, reader, Mrs.
daughter of Lord ,and wife of ,
had become the mother of a pair of twin negro
babies, and about this little oddity, was all the
excitement in Brooklyn. Everybody, we be-
lieve, was astonished but Dan and Henry Ward
Beccher. New York Day Book.
North Carolina Copper. Dr. Charles T.
Jackson, of Boston, has made a report upon the
North Carolina Copper Mines, in which he pro-
nounces it unsurpassed in richness and in its re-
sults unprecedented; jn the history of copper
mining. . xJf
From the Western 'I cian.
Major Scurry's Speech.
The following is a brief abstract of the ad-
dress of Maj. W. R Scurry, delivered iu this
city on the 14th inst :
He commenced by declaring that it was not
from the impulse of his own ambition that he
had entered the canvass, but that it was in obe-
ig5f;F 55-Kgsdience to the solicitations of many partial fiiends,
He briefly reviewed the requirements for the
which he aspued admitted that
of such a character as to cause him
to consent to enter the field, and
with doubt as to his own capacity to
fulfill,, efficiently, the duties of a station calling
exercise of the loftiest abilities, and
most extensive acquirements ; but said, that
laving become arnmdatG, Ire deemed if an
resided in sight of flic spot wheie tnWDsclara-
tion of Texas Independence was madend I
that here, wheie the first battle of the revotvji he Spanish potato yields well from drawers, but
tion was fought, ho, too, was then making his pHaytien y-ara grows larger, yields and keeps
first stiur"le in this canvass. He snoke in 1 bettet-than any other description he has teste"d.
com teousterms of his opponents, aud expressed !
the hope that nothing would occur, m thepros-
acution of the canvass, to mar any fricndlv re- I
(latinns heretofoie existing among the candidates, j
: Mr. S. said he emijtod to Texas when a ,
1 youth, and that his fust and latest political of-.
tenngs had been laid upon the altar ot Ucmoc-
iraev: that his attachments to that party were '
Icnmetlnnrr ,nre tlinn nrofe.ions. and were '
tiue theory nf government would induce every
one to regud anv departure ftom a strict con-
sfruetion of the Constitution as dangeious to
the hbeitie- of the people nu alluded to the
histniy of the Europe-m stiuggjes for liberty, as
fu'uisliinj a st ong illustration of the correct-
ness of this position.
lie announced himself as opposed to a gener-
al system of internal improvements by the Gen-
eral Government ; and said that there had, here-
tof ro, and still existed, a division in the ranks
of the Democratic party, as to the extent of the
powers of the General Government upon this
subiect ; that many of its leading statesmen had
W3 "t.x .l' x: i. I 1 1- -,.Ti-l :
5 igiit 10 u iue cxaui, line at wmcu iinproc-
1 ments ceased to be national and become local
or internal to the separate States. He believed
few would deny the power of the Government
to make such improvements as weie necessary
for the general defence of the Union, and that
each object of improvement should be separate-
ly submitted, and tested upon its own merits.
He was opposed to a protective tariff, and
thought that tax-du.ties-shouldbc assessed at
the lowest possible standard, consistent with an
economical administration of the Government.
As far as regards the reserved five-millions of
the United States' bonds, he thought the pro-
per course for the United "States' Government
to pursue, was to turn it over to Texas, ard let
her settle with her creditors in her own way ;
that this- was due to the dignity of Texas as a
sovereign State ; that something should be done
to place it in a different position froni its pres-
ent one ; that, as long as it remained locked up
in the Treasury of the United States, it would
be a continual source of discontent and expense
to Texas ; that the time consumed in legislation
about it would cost Texas, in the end, more
than five millions, and'she remain no nearer a
settlement with her creditors than at the begin-
rning We were continually told that we naa
the means to pay off our debt at its face value,
and that it was our duty'to do so ; but that such
was not the fact ; unless ten millions can be
made to pay off and satisfy something ever 12
millions. The United States Government was
withholding this money .from us, and many of
the members of Congress were expressing a
great anxiety about our straining the honor of
of Texas by repudiation. He thought that if
we were to say to the General Government,
take the five millions, and pay the whole debt
at ItSK face value, that we would find that this
cry about saving the honor of Texas was hum-
bug. He spoke, at some length, as to the advanta-
ges of the Southern route for the Pacific Rail
road believed that the proper defence of the
...,.., rnr.,.;-n.l U rwl tV.t- l ,.'S'ftU'AC I
puuiiu upiuiuu wuuiu compel its cousirnciiuii ;
and said that the interests of Texas required ef-
ficient and energetic action upon the part of both
her representatives in Congress and her State
He spoke of the disturbed stite of our Indian
frontier, and the neeessity of a system of de-
..n- '::... i.i 1 ..- -J Jlr!?:?T r
fence that would eventuilly prevent further dc-j
prcdations ; and confessed he could see but one
way of doing it, and that was for Texas to set
apart a portion of her unoccupied domain, as
remote fiom the settlements as possible, to which
she s'lould giro to the few remnant nf tribes
that belong, properly, to Tex is, the right of
occuptney, ioseiing to the State the ultimate
fee in the soil ; and then lequire the United
States to extend over them her nnn intercourse
lavs and r"in ive fiom our holders that vast
ho de of iv igi-s. they will yield an ample fund
11 ad litiou to this, the State has granted to each
e.juutv four leagues of land. This, with what
w lielnnging in pirt to Mexico, and in part, to
the United States, hciclf, and to whom maybe
traced nearly all the depreditions from which
our fionti"r had so long suffered '
In conclusion, he referred to the foreign rela-
tions of the country tdok the positions of the
President's inauguial address quoted and ap-
proved the declaration of Gen. Pierce, in. re-
gard to the protection of American citizens
I- ' Ruins," writes a travelling correspon-
dent of the London Morning Post, are the
reat feature of Ireland ruins of all kinds
ruins old and ruins new ruins of lordly castles
ruins of venei able churches ruins of wealthy
monasteries and noble abbeys ruins of lowly
cottages ruins of times of power of wcalthj
long matters of history, and ruins of times of
rashness, extravagance and poverty of under-
takings commenced improvidently and thrown
aside despondingly without completion. All
ruin wherever you go; from the crumbling walls
and family charactered tombs that tell of great
ness, and. absorb and delight the antiqnary, to 1
tne unrooted cottages that ten ot present misery,
death, and-emigration j that shoqk: tho man of
toeUag, and jrst'the political- conoajisfc tceoris-
uuuiiii) 'r""-u " "u" ""u l"c HSSSiJiiaiKetawnv r reneat t he. nrneoss two or tiiree times
Planting and PreservinsSweet
- Potatoes. "
A. correspondent- ot-the. SoiL-of UiOajSouth,
gives the following as histnethod of planting and
preserving the sweet potatoes. He has adopted
the system for several years past with theniost
successful results in Florida, where the clima'te
is somewhat similar to that ofJToxas, anda3.hi3
plan is a cheap one, simple in routine, snd "un-
attended with much labor, we would recommend
it to the consideration of our, agriculturists. If
the land be stiff, plow deep with xerv ' -uahgw
scooters; then have a wide furrow deep 'witha
turn plow run ..three, feet and a-half aparirjour-
ing in the seed not cut, as thick as gardempeas
aie generally drilled, generally two and three,
side and side, covering with, a .turn plow from,
each side of the drill, to prevent the seedjbeing
pulled up in drawing. As the seed aie jiot tut
they regelate quicker. Plant drawers- latter "
pait'of April. If you wish large size yams
plant eaily. Yines are good for small pofatofe
an 'or ee"- Potatoes cultivated in the natural
soil keep belter 'than those planted in made-land..
For carlysehe plants the Spanish red out and
3?ow WlUnn -Miills; they produce better m
iuhs antl are nofc sow to be destroyed by.moh3.
4 congenial soil, when -vseasons suits, gives
six huudred bushels to thre. He plante
draweis in ridges, each draweieight inches
""" " "" ' "urw m
,ac"- x"u luuowiug is uis piau ior piu
"e puts them 10 UlllS trom OU to bU OUSUetS-
111 pitruaniig mu gtouuu 101 iuk ouu, uu -turuna
up the ground aud coveis-the space -seleeteoV-for
the purpose with pine straw; then sharpens a pole
I and drives one end of it in the centre of tbepq-
tatoes, in a pyramidal shapedry corn stalks arc
then pl-iccd for -i eoTveriqg, followed by a coat-
ing of bai k-or boards, anoMastly a covering'of
earth on the whore, with the heaviest on the
noi th side. The pole in the centre - isv then
withdiawn in order to admit air to the bottom.
Another covering of rough boards or barkjs
placed over the slack, leaving the aparture at '
the top, which ninst be surmounted by a nark
cap, plaoed-so as to admit air. 'If care bfPlak-
enaiot to bruise the potatoes, they, cannotvfailito
keep good all winter, when put up in this aman
ner. V& .
Hints for stock Raisers Mix occasionally,
one part of salt with four or five of woqdrashe
and give it to our stock of all kinds during sum-
mer and winter. It promotes' 'their' -Tiealth and
growth materially. Greenand,fermentablfood
produces, flatulency and this mixture .affordgsthe
It said that if horses " are liberally su polled
with salt and clean wood ashes, they wfll'neitb.-
er be troubled with botts nor cholic ?
To Preseve"-BEf. Takerae quart oEsalgr
one quart good brown sugar, half an ouncjgj:
saltpetre, and mix it well. "With this imiture
rub well lOOlbs. beef let ibsfandJirra tu"Bf5ri
kdsys, then cover jt with cold water randlsetit iia
cool place. The beef will teep for years -udi
Ginger Beer. Take half a pound of lump
sugar, half ounce of cream of tartar, one oumfo
of bruised ginger, one gallon of boiling nva'ter
ferment with yeast and bottle off. This makfi3
an excellent summer beverage, and may.save
many a dime that would probably be expended
at the groceries for " hard cider.'1 Try it.
Properties of Cliarcoal. J
Among the many properties of charcoal may,
he mentioned its power of destroying smellj
taste and color ; and, as a proof of its possess
ing the first quality, if it be rubbed over putrid
meant, the smell will be lestroyed. If a "piece
of charcoal be thrown Into putrid water, the,pu-
trid taste or flavor will be destroyed, and" the
water will be rendered perfectly fresh. Sailors-
aie aware of this ; for when water is bad, at sea;
they are in the habit of throwing pieces of burnt
buiscuit into it to purify it. Color is materially
influenced by charcoal, and In numbers of in-r
stances in a very irregular way. If you take' a
dirty black syrup and filter it through, burnt
charcoal, the colorwill'be removed. The char-
coal of animal matter appears to be the besfor
this purpose. You may learn the influence of
charcoal in destroying colors by filtering abot-
tle of port wine through it 1 m the nitration it
will lose a great portion of Ibis color and become
.- " . .. -,. ..
. J r . -J""". r
ahd you have destroy edit aftogqtBer.
The following -"Hints to -Farmers," copiea?
from the Boston Journal, are as well worthy-of
attention in the latitude of Texas, as in thatOf
Massachusetts : ' . ,
" Tt is ?reatlv to be wished that our farmers
wei.e m0ce desirous to possess good, fertile," pro
ductive farms, than large farms. If farmers'itt
our country, instead of increasing the number of
their acres, would bestow more care and cxpenso
in cultivating in the best possible manner every
aero they already possess, they would live easier,-
become richer, and happier also. It has often,
been lemaiked, especially by those who have
traveled abroad, that the great fault of ourA-
mcrican farmers lies in their eager desire to add"
field to field, which often impoverishes them?
keeps them in debt, and renders them unable-to
biin" any of their lauds into the, highests andf
most profitable state of cultivation. The advice
of Dean Swift should be treasured np oy every
good-farmen Thedistinguished man saiH,
4 Whoever cau make two years of corn, or two"-
blades of grass grow upon a. spot of groundi
where only one grow before, deserves better of
mankind, and does more essential .service to his
country, than the whole race of politicians puc
together." " 'sit .,
, . . . . ,. . .w
.ir.'J7 I Irrn r-run a A vir. Inrinrr t rvn
100 Pine street, Providence, gave birth tonvS
kittensen days since. The lady of thyhouse
not desiring so numerous a family, bad 'turceuof
the Alliens drowned. Mrs. Pussf not ln"nngf
this sudden bereavement, wentinsearcb of her
lost childreu. In her search she- fbnud two
young raLsj which she brought and placed with,"
the kittens. These ratsfsh'e nursed until Tueswr
day, when one of then? disappeared whether
by its own desire isiat known. The second
rat is with thejjittens still, and tha cat evifeccs
as much reanUfor it as for her owu offsprings
Our informant saw tho rat nursing with. tbaMfei
tens on Weonesday.--TJroor.f Patriot,
JrTho clipper ship Comet, Capt. ardneritr-
rivedat New York on Sttjnst.2mSaa ran
etlcaj in S3 days and IS hqara, bejotceo?
est vssszgs ever made between lKeseport3.
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Lancaster, J. Texas Ranger & Lone Star. (Washington, Tex.), Vol. 4, No. 48, Ed. 1, Thursday, June 9, 1853, newspaper, June 9, 1853; Washington, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48276/m1/1/: accessed August 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.