The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 18, Ed. 1, Wednesday, May 6, 1846 Page: 4 of 4

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i ,
Daniel O'Connell. The accounts of the
bad health of O'Connell must have heen
somewhat overstated ; for on the 16th of Feb.
he made a speech in the House of Commons,
touching the condition of Ireland, the report
of which occupiesseveral columns of theLon-
don Chronicle, andjjf we may judge by the
marks of applause full of his. characteristic
vigor. Intlie course of Ins speech Mr O'Con-
nell said
"Between 1S21 and IS31 the population of
Ireland increased by one million souls; be
tween 1831 and IS41 only by half a million.
Thisfulden check in the usual progress of
population is the surest test of deep internal
misery and suffering in the condition of a peo
pie. ,Of the total agricultural population of
Ireland, according to the report or tne com
jriissioners of poor law inquny, in Ig'oo
o .
300,000 were in a constant state approaching j
to starvation. The rural population was cal-J
culated in Lord Devon's commission at seven ;
millions, and of these, five millions habitually
suffered the greatest privations and hardships ;
andyeVaccordiug to the report of the com-
missioners, the patient endurance which the
laborers exhibit entitles them to rhe hest atten-
tion of government and of parliament.
Now, with regard to this laboring popnla-
tionr(says Sir O'Gonuell) many of them nre
nlready obliged to live on diseased potatoes,
-rind the large body have only a supply which
they "do not expect will last longer than two
months. Potatoes were their only food
their only drink, water ; and they had neither
bed nor blanket to cover them from the cold.
In themiddlc of November half the crop was
destroyed. Since then the disease had been
making fearful advances, and although there
had been a temporary lull, it was again in pro-
gress, and the worst prognostications of the
minister were likely to be rc-ilized."
V;A.T!cmxG the Telegraph. The Mag-
netic Telegraph is causing great wonderment
throughout the country, among the jural popu-
lation, of whom many anecdotes are told.
We find the fullowing in a country newspu;
per: ""
Last week, we nre informed, a young geni-
us from a northern town, who had been dis-
turbed in his agricultural retirement, by the
vague reports of the wonderful lightning des-
patch, walked into the railroad house in this
village,, and enquired when the telegraph
would be along." Some mischievous boys,
seeing a chance for sport, gravely informed
hirntliat it was about time for it, but that he
would have to look sharp to see it, it went by
so quick, assigned him a station on a wood
pile, and directed him to fasten his eye along
u direct line between two of the posts. Our
philosopher obeyed instructions, and shivered
in the wind for an hour or less, with his eyes
strained on vacancy, and his head slowly re-
volving from " pole to pole," to the no small
amusement of the bystanders. His patience
at lasLgive way, and with much indignation
'By golly, I believe that are telegraph am
a humbug.'
'Humbug.! sir. Why, what has given you
that impression of it?' said one of his instruc-
tors ; 'did you not see it V
'Sec it; be darned ! There haint nntbin'
passfed between tbem -are posts, no how.'
". 'Most certainly there has. You must have
winlted, or you'd have seen it spitting fire as
it snapped past about live minutes ago.'
'Wal, 1 did wink wonse,' said our hero,
buf winked as quick as I could. Who'd a
thought it? And the poor fellow returned
noma disappointed, tliat the n5xt
tinie'uc would look without winking..
? .
. ... . - . -tt
Opposition A certaln'amnutit' of opposi-
tion" is. a great help to a' man.. Kites rise
against, not with the wind. Even a head
wind is better 'than notliing. No man ever
worked his voyage nny where in a dead calm.
The best wind for every thing, in the long run,
is aside wind. Jfit blows right aft, huw is he
lo gel back ?
Let no man wax pale, therefore, because of
opposition. Opposition is what he wants and
rnust have to be good for any thing. Hard-
ship is the native soil of manhood and self-reliance.
He that can abide the storm without
flinching or quailing, strips himself in the sun-
shine and lies down by the way side lo be
overlooked and forgotten. He who but braces
fiimself to thc stru,ggl j when the winds blow
givesiup when they have done, and falls asleep
iu the stillness that follows.
Oeecon Settled by Chinese. Dr. Mc-
Gnwniij missionary of the American Baptist
Bosrd of Missions, haB written a letter to Dr.
Cone of New York, which is published in the
"New York Recorder, in which he expresses
the opinfon that the lime will come when the
emigration of Chinese to the American States
willjie extensive. His Innguage is " luis
not unreasonable to anticipate that an emigra-
tion from China to America will yet take
place, equal to, if not greater, than any that
lias been known from Europe. I venture to
predict thatthe population of the Pacific States
will be composed, in no small .measure, of
Chinese,, A channel once opened, vast num-
bers from that o7cr populated country will
wend their way thither."
Profits of the Slave Trade. It appears
by the papers found on board the slaver re-
cently captured, that the slaves cost on the
coast .$15 a $20 each, and will sell in any
part of for $300. If the Pons had rea-
ched her destination in safety, she would have
cleared about $250,000. If the Panther find
been successful, she would have made $350,-
000 above all expenses,
A Curious Custom. The following
curious custom is said to exist on the Elbe.
The peasantry who possess any land, how-
ever small, never enter the church without
a nosegay in their hands. Thus they
show that they claim the consideration
due to persons who possess property in the
parish (town.) Among the country peo-
ple in the neighborhood of Hamburg, there
.is no warden so small as not to possess a
pluceTbr the flowers intended or this use
and the plat is distinguished by the name
ftf " thz church nosegay?
jJRemarkable A Jewish lady in Ne
Ynrk, recently decensed, has given birth to
Twins on six different occasions, and was
near to her seventh confinement also with
twills t
. 1
JBrenjire to part wjth life willingly;- study
more how'tojdie thnTi how to live. If you
wruld'live'till you are old, live as if you 'were
tdie when you are young. " ' '
More Fun in Arkanss. We find the fol-
lowing anecdote refuted tn the first number of
the Arkansas Intelligencer. It is funny
enough to raise a laugh :
About four years since an old Pennsylvani-
nn by the name of Ferguson came'to this place
for the purpose of teaching school, and befog
somewhat dissipated ami very talkative, ren-
dered himself very disagreeable, ami look ev-
ery occasion to exhibit his superior knowledge
and acquirments. Ainnccasionnl visiter at the
house at which he boarded was Tom Mngness,
well known to many of our readers, who was
cornered one day by the ie.irncd schoolmaster,
and being'somewhut nettled at the old man's
continued fi.-j of "big talk" as Tom termed it,
he said :
"Look here old customer, what did you
come out here for ; vou boast of the smart
men, and high living, and gond whiskey in
Pennsylvania, why didn't you stay there and
eniov them."
Mr Ferguson replied that he had learned
that school masters were very scarce, and ve-
ry much needed in this country, and th.,t he
had come out for the purpose of enlightening
the people generally. This to Tom was rath-
er unpleasant, as he had recieved but a limited
education, and yet wished to be considered
''pretty smart."
He eyed the old man for about a minute,
and replied, "you've missed it old man."
"Why o," said Ferguson.
"Because," quoth Tom, "you may take the
best pack of hounds in the United States, and
huntt'iem through Arkansas, ami yon will find
furtv-nine d d rascals, before you find one
Ferguson sloped.
tLfThe lively, correspondent of the Bah.
Sun, gives the following amusing report of a
portion of the proceedingsof the House of Rep-
resentatives, on the 17th inst. We think this
fun is-carried to rather too great an extent by
"our servants." It is rather expensive'to the1;
people :
Last evening after I closed, thc house was
seized with a sudden fit of industry. During
the previous portion of the day, only twenty-
five members were present, but at sundown
the absentees suddenly bethought themselves
thatthe business ef the country ought to be
looked alter. So they stoutly resisted some
dozens of motions to adjourn, and between
6 and 7 a call of the House was ordered.
The doors being closed, those present were
confined for about twohours,jwhile the ser-geant-nt-Arms,
with his assistant, went to
look after the missing. Some Jof them were
found in strange places, if rumor be correct,
one member was found in Mie act of poping
the question to a sweet young creature whom
he had courted ever .since the Oregon debate
commenced, but she declared she would not
have him unless he should secure the whole
Territory. He protested it should be so, and
his love had just reached the 54th degree, 4.0
lninutes, when the Sergeant-at-Ams entered,
at.d all negotiations for the present ceased. It
is said that either party can, with perfect hon-
or, re open the matter. Of course, he will
have the good sense to refer the matter to the
House, when the speaker would, no doubt, ap-
point a Select Committee to ascertain whether
Ids title is "good.
, Those who were locked in, tried numerous
expedients to while away the time.
Mr Wentworth called upon the clerk to
read a huge document.
Another member moved to Mncnd, by pro-
viding that the journal of hist year be read for
the amusement of the House.
One gentleman called upon the sedate chair-
man of the committee on ways and means, for
a song.
The Sergea'nt-at-Arms bring a long time
away, another member moved that the door-
keeper he sent to find said sergeant.
At length the doors were opened and the
officers returned with 15 enptive members.
These were severally placed at the bar and
their excuses heard. Some of them were of
the most laughable character. Louisville
A Doctor Ktlled by his own Prescrip-
tion. We have just seen a private letter from
Macon, Ga; stating that Dr Ambrnse Baber,
an old and and highly esteemed physician of
that place, died on the 8th inst from the effects
of his own medicine. He wrote a prescription
for a dose composed in part of Prns?ie acid,
to he administered to a patient. The drug-
gist sent thc medicine with a message that
whoever took it would be killed. The patient
thereupon refused to take it, when the Doctor
to convince him that there was no danger,
swallowed it himself. He died iu half an hour,
The prescription was copied exactly from a
medical work, but the quantity of Prusicncid
was eight limes greater than it should have
been. So much for the effects of a typograph-
ical blunder! Tribune,
A Butterfly Flower. In the gardens of
San Joseph and its environs" is seen in its
greatest perfection le papillon vegetal, which j
grows on a species of ivy, entwined round a
poplar, or any other tall tree. This blossom
is an exact representation of a living butterfly.
Most unfortunately there is no means of pre-
serving it, even for a time; no sooner is it gath-
ered than it withers and falls to dust. Cat.
Capadosc's Shtecn Years in the TV. Indies.
" Several petitions have been presented to
the Legislature of Massachusetts, praying for
the recall of its members iu Conress, and its
secession from the Union. And if it secedes,
it must, of course, be an independent nation,
and compelled to 'rest on its spears.' If, then,
British cruisers should capture its ships on the
coast of Africa, under pretence of the slave
trade, or on the Grand Bank, or in the Bay of
Funday, or on the coast of Nova .Scotia, un-
der pretence of poaching on the British fishe-
ries, who shall defend it? A British fleet
from Flalif.ixthe very Halifax which the peo-
ple of Massachusetts might have captured du-
ring the Inst war, and held to ibis day, if they
had not followed thc suicidal counsels of those
political blockheads, 'our first njen,' -would
soon knock the city of notions about the ears
of these 'petitioners, and we were goingto add,
their brains out to hoot. But they have none.
" If scne enough exists in Massachusetts
tOiView this subject rightly, we propose that
the legislature cede Martha's Vineyard, or
Naushon Island, or No Man's Land to the "peli-
tioners, and that Congress grant them leavrj
to s-cede from thc Union. They will then
i)e an independent nation, free to live wjthont
J civil government, or to 'rest on their spears.' ''
i Boston Post.
45, Fi'QEat St. Mew ITorlt.
extensive dbilers in alt. kinds of
Wines and Si-huts.
BEING desirous of increasing their trade with
thc merchants and citizens of Texas, will prompt-1
ly execute orders of any amount, for the purchase of
merchandize, or any other articles. Liberal advan-
ces will be made mi cotton and produce consigned to
them for sale, and every attention paid to the interest
of iho consignors.
For an' uuliculajs. reference may bo had to Col.
Tho. Win." Waul'," Commissioner cf the General
Land Office, at Austin, or Dr Anson Jones, Wash-
ington. April 8th, 184G. 15::ly
rpiliE undersigned having been engaged
"- in business in this city for many years,
in connection with E.J. Hart & Co., of New
Orleans, continue the sale of all kinds of
Merchandise, sale and advance on consign-
ments of Cotton ard other P.-oducP, to be
sold here or shipped to other ports, at the op
tion of the owners purchase and sale of hx-
chnngeand all other branches of a legitimate
T Houston.
Henry fcAMrso.v,
E. J. Hart &. Co., 25 Tchoupitoulnsistreet,
New Orleans, Grocers and Commission
Merchant1:. -
Houston, Jan. 1 1S46. ' 53:: ly
- and genuine MEDICINES, for sale at
the old stand of B. F. Johnson, on, Congress
The subscriber having purchased the entire
suck, will "ivp his attention to the business.
Feb. 28 7:::f S. G. HAYNIE.
Wilfljassa Mocbford, t
- Congress Avenue Austin,
JILL keep constantly on hand a genTeral,
assortment of Cloths, Cassimers, fcnli-
netts', Vestings, &c. &c. which he will make
up to order, at Houston prieesfor Cash?
N. B. Cutting attended to at the shortest
Austin Jan. 1st, 1S4G.
Attorney at L a w ? -
TTAVING located himself at thecity of
-"- Austin, announces to "is acipmiuwuiuca
an'd the public generally, that ho- will, jnfcon-
neclion with- the business of Ills profession.
also attend strictly to the obtaining of patents
for lands from the General Land Office, tor
those who may call on him,-and ror the fol-
lowing moderate prices :
F.atent lor one league of land $5 00
-" for more than a league,propor-
tionally thereto.
For less than one league $3 00
Postage on letters of business,tmust be paid
by theorderer. t
For his bushiest habits ntuf trustworthy
character, referenced made lothMlowjng
gentlemen of his acquaintance :E.-qs. Sul-
livan and Herndou,of Fort Bend co. ; Col.
White,of Austin county; Col. M. C. Rogers,
of Montgomery co.; lion. Win. Meriefec, of
Colorado co.; Capt. Crisman, of Milam ; Maj:
Lewis and S. B. Brighrm,'Esq , Matagorda ;
W.W. Thompson, Joseph Lee, Esq:, and Col.
Alden A. M. Jackson, of the city of Austin.
. Dec. 17 Ty::d9
Tnc undersigned having purchns
ed the lame and comfortable build-
55it-iir ffirnio-! t nrf!nlPl I hv WllllMin
IXI iwiiuw.ij vv. i.x. w ..j .
V. Thnmuson, as a Tavern, would
respectfully inform the public that he will
be prepared at all times to accommodate
those who may call upon him, in a satisfacto-
ry manner, and upon reasonable terms, ff
steady attention, and a determination to do
every thing in his power to please, will
avail any tiling, the undersigned conceives
his portion of patronage will be flattering and
N. B- The stables attached, are safe and
well furnished. F. D.
Austin, Dec. 17th. 1845. 49 tf.
Adaaiiaistrator's Notice.
Hip HE suhscscriber lias received letters of
-"- aduiiniistration, from the Hon. Probate
Court of Robertson County, upon the estates
of James Hunter and Samuel YVnddell
all persons having claims against said estates
will present them within the time prescribed
by law, else they will be barred ; and persons
indebted will pay to
F. burarv 2oth, 18 G. tf::3m
rEpIIE Donation ceitificate of the under-&-
signed, for 640 acres of land, for partici-
pating in the battle of San Jacinto, No. 1501,
dated at Austin, Dec. loth, 1810. Notice is
hereby given, that if no intelligence is received
of the same within ninety days from this date,
application vill be made to the proper depart-
ment for a duplicate.
Feb. 25th, 1840. G::2m
rSlHEhend right certificate of Alphonso
-8- Steel, No. 133, issued by the ourd of
land commissioners for Mnngomery County,
dated 20th of January, IS3S, for one third of
a league of laud ; afterwards transferred to
Y. W. Sheppard, and subsequently to James
Knight. Notice is hereby given, that if no
j intelligence is received of the saiiie, within
j ninety days from this date, application will fie
! made to the proper authorities for a duplicate.
Austin, ieh. 26, 1840. 7::9w
rgillE undersigned has lost his head right
-- certificate, for one third of a league of
land, issued by the board of commissoners for
Harris county, in IS39, number not recollec
ted. Notice is hereby given, that if no intel-
i hgence is received of the same, within ninety
days from this date, application will he made
to the proper authorities for a duplicate.
Austin, Feb. 23. 7::9w
Y head right certificate, granted by the
hoard of Laud Commissioners of Wash-
ington County, for one third of a league of
land ; No. 365). If not heard of within 00
days, Hindi apply to the proper authorities
for a duplicate JOHN M. SWISH ER.
i Austin, Feb. 2 1st. 6::2m
vvv&f y V
Is t nWI
UlagoiMO Collegiate Iiastitute.
ri"lHE! Subscriber respectfully informs stho public
X that tho eighth session of his Institution will
commence on Alondaj,jlfarch 2d, 1846,atFanthorp's,
Montgomery county, Texas. He has selected this
location becauso of its central position, the advantages
of good water, and the uniformly good health of thc
people in iis vicinity ; as also, being surrounded with
many handsome extensive range and
lands as fertile as any in the Slate. From jho liberal
endowments of .amplo building" creeled by the .Ma-
sonic: Fraternity of this place, the Mibscnber deems it
appropriate to prefix the word .Masonic to the Insti-
tution ; he will also be enabled to eany'on (he Insti"-
tntion morc extensively than it possibly could bo at
Nacogdoches, and equal to his former school at San
Augustine. The advantages of tho system and
course of studies introduced by him into Texas. wil
bo continued at FantliorpV. Tho subscriber, there-
fore, solicits lh attention of IhCffrlcndo of literature
and science lo the list of studies in the Masonic Col-
legiate Institute.'
I.VTRniircTnitT Spelling. Znadinc, Writing, Arith-
metic, English Grammar, Geography, Davies1 Alge-
bra, Colburn's Algebra, Bourdon's Algebra, D.ivies'
Legendre, Burntl's Geography of the Heavens, Blair's
Rhetoric, Hedge's logic, Whelplcy's Compend, Ce-
sar, Virgil, Salust, Horace, Greek Grammar, Graca
Jlinora, and Ffcncii Grammar.
Junior. Plane and SolidGeomctry, Surveying,
Navigation, Nautical Astronomy, Davies' Analytic
Geometry. Conic Sections Divies' Differential Cal-
culus, Descriptive Geometry, Livy, Works of C7:qero,
GiJEca Mojuia. Homer and standard works in French.
Scxio'r.. Enripide! Deipothenes, Lnnginus, Jle.
rodotu, 'Hesind, Latin aid Greek works revised,
French, and all ihe'hranchcs of Civil Ehtrincpring.
LrcTOitES. Members of this Institution, from the.
very commencement, will receive inr.liuclioii, by lec-
ture, on Rhetoric, Logic, Natural Philosophy, ChcnV
Ntrv, Botany, Aslronomy, Geology. Mineialogy, Mo-
ral Philosophy and Political Economy, y
All branches belonging to an accomplished lady's
education will be sludicd'in this deptrtmi!nt, and the
ladies attending will be required topractice the same
politeness in thc c!innl room as theywuuld in the
drawing room. Their conre of studies as follows:
Spelling, Ruadiusr, Wriling,Arilhmetic. Enulilli
'Grammar, Geography, History ancient and modem,
Ancient. Geography, Composition, Rhetoric, Logic,
Natural Philosophy, Chemistry, Botany, Astronomy,
Geology. -Tinpralory, Conchology.Alsiebra, ."UenMi-
ration, GeomctryVFreiich, Latin, Moral Philosophy,
Drawing, Embroidery, Painting and Mu?ic.
Reading. Writing and Arithmetic, $10 persession.
English ,Granjmnr, Geograpjij',(Itforyf Composition,
Natural Philosophy, Aslronomy. Chemitr', Bota
ny, Rhetoric, Logic, Algebra, all branches of Geom-
ety, LalinJ'C reek and French, '-$20 persession.
Drawing, Painting and Embroider, Ce?a)
Music- on Piano, (extra) - 15" -"
Tho whole course per session is only twenty dol-
lars, wjth tho exception of drowingpaiulinc and mu-
sic. Thc fees for the whole session -an: payable lo
llicsubfcribcrat theTcrmination of theiirstlen weeks
ofeiifh session, in money or iis qqniv-ilent. No de-
duction for absence'unless in caPs of protracted sick-
ness. Students charged, after the first month, from
the time they commence Each stndont4will tbe re-
qliirpd to furnish a chair and table, that all books ami
stationary may be preserved. $
u-ooa noarnmg nouses win oe esiannsneci lor tne
accommodation of those from a Rates of
boarding from six to eisht dollars ppr month.
Trustees and Commiltre of Reference, D". G. Dick-
son, M. D. ; R. C. N'lMett, M.D.yJi W. Barnes, Esq.;
Geo. M. Patrick, M. D. .
JVarch 1R. 1846 5m.
LrThe Houston Telegraph' will jriye the abovo six
insertions, and'send his bill to the subscriber at Fan-
tliorpV. '
THE herein described certificates and claims
against thc Republic have been lost, and unless
intelligence of them is itceivedat the Department of
W-ai. ... nt .iln!i nllin. nlanit c . n - !. 1... I .... .i:. .J
ut, ui ahi;ut.ii uiuui iai.u uo may uu uy law uirtrClCU,
within three months of 'the date of this publication.
applicatiomwill be madev,to?the proper officers for
duplicates of the same, viz:
The headlight certificate of John Donovan, issued
by the board of land commissioners of Harris county.
No. 949, second class-, for 640 acres; of John Dowl-
ing, Jackson county, seeond class, No. 12, for 640
acres ; of Job Williams, Jackson county, No. 133, firt
class, one labor; of David Miller, Jackson county,
first class, No. , for onc-lhird of a league ; of Neil
Williams, Jackson county, No. 13, third cla.s, for 320
acres; of John G. Slerne, Jackson county. No. 24,
third class, for 3'20 acres; of Joseph II. Rogers,
Washington county. No. 465, third cluss, for 320 acie,
and of Horatio Keys,' Washington county. No. 177,
s-econd class, for 640 acres; Land Warrant, !No. 7060,
issued to Edward Batey for 320 acres; Scrip, number
not recollected, issued to John Donovan for his ser-
vices on board the Invincible for seventy-one dollars
and eighty-seven cents. .
March 21 12::9w THOMAS Sl.MOSS.
N the 18th day of Juoe, 1844, 1 placed in the
hands ol M.E.Trimble, a surveyor, for iocaiion.
mi head right certificate, No. 124. for 1280 acres of
laud, issued by tho board of Land Commissioners for
ihc Gounly of Wn!)ingtoo. AIsc-, the held riht
certificate of Adolphe Testard, No. 123, for 320 acres
of land, issued by tho same board. Since uhich time
I have neither heard of said Trimble nor the afore-
said certificates. Should I not hear from them in
ninety daj-s, T will apply at the proper department for
duplicate certificates.
March 14, 1845 w2m A. TESTARD.
THE bounty certificate, No. 1749, of Berry Doo
little, for 320 acres of land, together with the
field notes of the survey-made on said certificate, in
Milam county. Notice is hereby given that if no in
tclligence is received of said certificate and field notes
within ninety day, application will be made to thc
proper authorities for duplicates.
March 14, 1846 9v. DAVID AYRES,
THE undersigned has lost hishcadrighl certificate
for one third f a league of land, isued by the
board of land commissioners of Hamsburg county.
Notice is hereby given, that if no intelligence is recei-
ved of the same within ninety days, application will
bo made for a duplicate, P. McDERMOT.
March 11th, 15MG. 9::Gv
IfY headright certificate for one league and labor
oi lanu, granieu ov me ooaro ol lana commis
sioners of Milam county, No. 3. If not heard of
within ninety dj)" application will be made lo the
proper authorities for a duplicate.
Jarch 18 II 9w .VIC HA EL BOREN.
A DR.4FT on the Treasury of the Republic of
rasL Texas, issued by .1. W. Moody, Auditor, and
countersigned by E. .17" Pease, Comptroller. No. G5li3,
calling foryiKr hundred and twenty Jlre dollars ($-125)
bearing dale 4ih flay of December, 11!37. If the s.tine
is nut heard of within sixty days application will be
made at the proper department for a duplirnie.
.Vareh 21 12 V. R. GLOVER.
A LFRED GEE'S discharge, for three monthsser-
fL vice, rendered in Capt Hunt's Company Tei-
as .'roiv, in iiou, ;iiiu siimicu ii saiu iiiiiu. w uiu
J . r .i i i .
sarae is not forthcoming in ninety days, application
will be made at the War Department, for a duplicate.
4 . ,oOf. I II 1 IT . .
March 11th, 9::9w WM. BRIDGE, alienee.
ONATIONIand certificate. No. 105, issued by
the Hon. Barnard E. Bee, Secretary of War, to
the heirs of Daniel Buckley deceased, for being in the
b.ittle of tho Coleto. If not heard of within sixty
days, I shall apply to the proper officer for a duplicate
WALTER WINN, Att'y for heirs.
Austin, .'Jpril 1st. 15::9afc
Letters. For a single letter, not ex
ceeding iia.tan ounce avoiraupois;
sent not exceeding 300 miles, o cts. I
Sent over 300 miles. - 10
For every hulf'ounce, and any excess
over every half ounce, the same rate .
of postage; and when advertised,- two
cents on each letter, or four cents,
if the advertising costs so much ad-
ditional. For drop letters (not to he mailed) each 2
r Cikculaks For any printed circular,
handbill, or advertisement, unsealed,
sent any distance, 2
LNcwi'Ai'Ens Of i900 scpiare inches
or les, sent over 30 and not more
than 100 miles, or any dibtance' with-
in the same State, '
Sent over such distance
Not exceeding 30 miles
Pa.mpiii.ets For any pamphlet or
other mailer of "every kind," that is,
"transmitable by mnil" and. has
no written communication, of one
ounce or less,- or for a newspaper
. exceeding 1900 square inches of
For each additional ouncptor an ex-
cess grenter than a half ounce
A trial tif the wqight of sFx varieties ofwri-
(ing'paper, three of letter paper and three of
foolscap, and two knrls of envelopes, large
and small, shows the following resultas the
weight if single sheet, on an avverage
of ten sheets of each kind.. The papers are
all of good quniity-,tnnd uch as we are 'all
used to, for size and weight :
Letter. .
1st variet)', 136 gr.
2d' do' .,,134
3d- do . 131 '
1st variety,
2d do
3d' do
179 gr.
Small envelope 42 grains; large envelope
oz grains: waiers, usual sr.eti grain: seal
mg wax, usual quantity, o grams.
The ensuing deductions are based upon the
heaviest paper,'lo Ifeep within the marlc. .An
avoirdupois half oiyice is 2lS.f grains. We
may, tnereiore senu as a single leijer,
7. One and a half sheets of letter-paper,
rsealed with wax-br'wnfer. . '. -
2. One sheet of do., with largeorsmall en-
velope, wax or wafer.
3. One sheet of foolscap, withsmall enve-
lope, sealedvith wafer. a J-
JL. One sheet of letter-paper, with n quar-
ter eagle ($2 50) enclosed and secured with
wax, and the letter sealed with wax.
5. Half a sheet of letter-paper, or light fool-
scap, with a half-eag!eeiiclosed,-secured and
sealed-wiih wafers.
().- A sheet of letter-paper may contain a j
dime and a half, or a half sheet may contain
a quarterdollar. , ,'
7. A sheet of letter-paper may enclose se-
veirbaulc note?,. and be sealed with wax; or
three Jiauk notes, and the wliole in an enve-
lope. Newspaper Subscription.: The Post-
Master General has ordered the following re-
gulations : "Money for newspaper subscrip-
tions, not evceeding ten dolears in each
case, may be aid to a Post-master for the
purpose of being paitl to- the publisher of a
newspaper, at any otberoffice. The Post-
master is, in such case, "'to give the person
paying the money, a receipt therefor, and ad-
vise, forthwith, the Post-master who is to pay
said amount of such deposit: and upon pre
sentation of this receipt, the amount is to beJ
paid over. The Post-master receiving the
amount is to debit himsclfr therewith in his
account, and tho Post-master paying the a-
mnunt is to credit himself therewith, in his
account of contingent expenses.
From ihe Washington Union.
The franking privilege, as regulated by the
act of the 3d March, 1S45, jrom and after
1st July, 1S45.
I. The President, ex-Presidents, and Mrs. j
Madison and Airs. Harrison, retain tbe frank-
in"" privilege as regulated by former laws.
2. The Vice-President, Members of Con-
gress, and Delegates from Territories
May transmit public documents free during
their official terms ;
May send and receive free, letters, newspa-
pers, or pachcts, wighing under two ounces,
during the session of Congress, and for thirty
days before the commencement and thirty
days after the close of any session ;
May receive letters free, not weighing over
two ounces, during therecess. This does not
include the interval from the close of one
Congress to the commencement of the next;
May transnrt Tree from themselves ihc icliole
year : that is, from sixty days before the com-
mencement of any session until the meeting
of the next Congress.
3. The Secretary of thc Senate and Clerk
of the House of Representatives ,
May send free public documents during
their official terms;
May send nud receive free letters, newspa-
pers and packages, not weighing over two
ounces, during the session of Congress, and
for thirty days before and after ;
May send free letters written by themselves,
during their official terms.
4. The Governors of States may send free
the laws, records and documents-of the Le-
gislature, to the Governors of other States.
5. The three Assistant Post-masters Gen.
May send fee letters, packages, of othe.
matters relating exclusively to their oHicia
duties, or the business of the Post-office De-
partment ;
May receive all such letters and documents
as relate to their own duties or that of the de-
partment, and have the postages remitted at
! the city post-office. .
6. Deputy Post-masters may sendfrre all
such letters and packages as may relate ex-
r.lii,ive!v to the liiisincc?; nf ilioir rnontiv.. P
w--- -- -j ... ...v.. -.fviv.iii , iii-
.- i i n i n . .
! lices, ami may have allowed all postages naid
' J . I ra,"rl l',,,u
! "r charged to them 111 the settlement of their
7. Exchange newspapers between editors
jwss free.
S. Editors or publishers of newspapers may
send their papers free, within thirty miles of
the place of publication.
0. Communications ::ddrcsscd to the offi
cers of thc Government, heretofore havino-'
the franking privilege, touching the business
j of their respective offices, are to he paid out
. of the contingent fund provided for tJieir offi
ces, "or out of thcjreasury.
The 15th presidenlio, term of four yenrs
- .,,., PSt.1i1ns1IT,pnfnr ,i1H (znvprnmant nr
I !., TT..:f.w! ..nJ- i, r .:....-.
began on the 4th of March,ielS45'; and it
will expire on the 3d of March, 1849.
Ofiicer. Salary.
JAMES K. POLK, of Tenn. JPres't. 25,000
G. xM. DALLAS, Penn., Fi'cc " .5,000
The following are the principal officers in
! the Executive Department of the Government,
who form the" Cabinet and hold their offices
1 at the will of the President:
j James Buchanan, Penn, Sec'y of Sta'te6,00fJ
Robt. J. Walker, Miss., hec. Treasury, 6,000
Wm: L. Marcy, N. York, Sec. War, 6,000
George Bancroft, Mass., Sec. Navy, 6 000
Cave Johnson, Tenn., Postmaster Gen., 6,000
John Y. Masoii,Va. Attorney Gen., 4,0CO
P.. B. Taney, Baltimore Md., C'f-Just.-, $000
.Juo M'LeaiijCiun., O., Associate Just., 4,500
J. M. Wayne, Savannah, Ga., do. do. 4,500
Jilo M'Kiuley, Florence, Ala.; do.- do. 4500
.Inn Catron, Nashville, Tenn.. do. do. 4,500
P. F. Daniel, Richmond, VnM do. do. 4,500
S. Nelson, Cooperstown, N. Y. do. do, 4,500
Levi Woodbury, Ports'th,N.ILdo. do. 4,500 '
One vacancy.
Benj. C. Howard, Bait., Md. Reporter, J, 000
Wm T. Carroll, Washjngton, Clerk, 1,000
The Supreme Court i held in -the City of -Washington,
and hnsoue session annually,
commencing on the first Monday in Decem-
The United States are divided into'nine?"
Judicial Circuits, in each of which a circuit
is held twice every year for errch State within
the circuit, -by a Justice of.. the Supreme
Cpurt, assigned to the circuit, and-by the
juisiricLMHige or lue-toiuie or jjisirict in
which the Court sits.
- " OF THE
:'kTc &ure you are right, then go ahead!"
Fn HIS Pnper, will be devoted tohe local,
- interests and wants of this portion of j?
the Slate, and those of the army stationed
here. It will, he our object to nbtilin add dis-
seminate correct information upon all .sub-,
jects connected thereViih while at theTsame'
time, we propose to make it both useful and
entertaining,, by givjng, in a condensed Torm,
a summary of the latest and most important
Foreign, Political-ami Commercial new,s.
In Politics, it -wiM be strictly neutral un-
connected with any party, and the slave of
none. We, hope to exhibit ran intelligence
activity and fearlessness in the advancement
of the public weiil, which shall not only de-
seve, but rpceive public, support. We shall
conceal no facts, in the publication nfwhich
thepnblic hnve an interest or be the medi-
um of propagating any slanders or false in-
sinuations, for the furtherance of private or
party purposes.
No exertions shall be wanting no expens?!
consistent with our present means, shall be"
spared, to make the Gazette worthy the-apy
probation and support of a generous public
Whatever can be accomplished by untiring
perseverance,. nnweripdfrtM;?uyt mydra?,tc
sire to be serviceable to the, community, Nrill
be honestly attempted. .- .. i
In the Editorial Departmenrj'sach ;atdsha
beerrsecured,s the demands of the public
require, and our-present prospects justify.1
k 'n'i... r -n i li i ,' i,
-a uu uuzmm.wMi oe- Rumisueu every i nurs-
dny the first number .to te issued on' the"first
day of January, 1S45 upon the "following
terms : . . .
F,ive dollars per annum, payable ' in-'; "ad-
vance, ;
Three dollars -for six months, " ' . "
Two dnllngs for three mnnths, " ., -
(j All letters and communications to;be
addressed ' to the Editor" post-paid.
Publishers and Proprietors,' ,
Corpus Ciip.isti, Dec. 30, 1845. 9 -
Austin County. D. Shelby, ShelbyVPost
Office. :
Bastrop Co. Bastrop, James Nichbfeon.
Bexar Co. Wilson Riddle, SiuT-Antonlo
James L. Truehart, .
Bowie Co. E. II. Tarrant, Boston.
Brazoria Co. James Burke,' Brazoria;
A. Underwood, Columbia.
Brazos Co. Jas. D. Overton, Boonville.
Colorado Co.O. Earll, Columbus; CC7.
Menefee, Egypt; C. Ballard, HnlletVsP.O.
Fannin Co. W. H. Hunt, Bonham.
Fayette Co. Jas. P. Hudson, La Grange.
Fort Bend Co G. W. McJttahan, Rich-
mond ; Hudson Gaston, Fayetteville.
Galveston Co. John Cronicnn.
Goliad Co. Wm. L. Hunter.
Harris Co. M. E. Snell, Houston.-' s
Jfouston Co. Tims. P. Collins-, Crockett.
Jasper co. T. B. Hiding, Zuvalla? -
Jefferson Co. G. A. Patillo. - v
Lamar co. G. W. Wright, Paris.
Milam Co. E. L.,Stickney, 'Culdweih;
I Montgomery co.-G. .B. Stewart, Montgo-
i merv ; A. McDonald, Huntsville; l.I?Roanr
j Fauthoip's.
Nacogdoches co. A. Sterne, Nacogdoches
Sled River co. Edw. Hiigbart,ClarksviIIe
Rusk co. Andrew. Miller,! Henderson; W"
M. Ross, "Golden Drain. t
San Augustine co. T. Gr. Broocks, San1
San Patricio co. JoItnHayes, Corpus-
Shelby co. James Truit, Shelbyville.
Victoria co. A. S. Cunningham, Victoiiav
Washington co. A. Moore, Washington J
J. D. Giddiugs, Brenhnm.
JLaud Xjocaliu?
"IMMEDIATELY after the adjournmeKt of
the Legislature, the undersigned will take
a trip into the country above Austin, ana wesi-
1 ward, for the nurnnsH nf locating and survey-i
ir.g land.. Being well acquainted wun vj
country, he flatters himself whh the hope o"
nleasin" those who may entrust their c!aiiJ
to his maiiRgemeut, ana aesire meir iuw
upon good land. jfc I
April 4th,fIS46. 15 if.

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Ford, John S. The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 18, Ed. 1, Wednesday, May 6, 1846, newspaper, May 6, 1846; Austin, Texas. ( accessed July 18, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History,; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.

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