The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1, Wednesday, December 15, 1847 Page: 2 of 4
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TUB TEXAS BEHOGfiA
crrr of austijt.
TRURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1847.
-alitor continuing tlie publication o? tlie
The undersigned design continuing
'ihTpnSlfc.ilionof the Tex s Democrat,
-ill the city of Austin. It will be published
.semi-weekly during the session of the Le-
gislature, and once a week the remainder
jof.the year. The daily proceedings of the
two Houses will be given in as full detail
us practicable, and as correctly as possible.
A short detail of the most important pro-
ceedings of our National Legislature shall
also, riave attention. A portion of the paper
will be devoted to intelligence from the seat
of war in Mexico, and the latest news
from all quarters; also agriculture, morals,
education, miscellaneous articles; in short
the diffusion of general information.
In political matters, the Democrat will
sustain and support measures which may
be considered most judicious and salutary,
and tending to " the greatest good of the
greatest number,1' and eschew that party
2i'al for men which is created and blinded
by prejudice. As its name imports, it will
adhere, to the principles of Democracy, and
sustain the high prerogative of freemen, ;
which places the sovereign power in the
Toice of the people.
All due attention will be given to ren-
tier the Democrat worth v of au ample
' K . " M. CRONICAN,
0tl . ... " J. MINER,
,iftp ". . S. CUM MINGS.
SBSicftirrioHB fur one year, : : $4 00
do. for six months, : : 2 50
. Clms will he furnished with
'six copies one year for : : : $20 03
" Si.vaLc CbriFs of the paper lO'cents
ID" dll mbscriplions are positively required to be
On square (10 lineo or less) first insertion, $1 GO
JEvery subtequenl publication, 50 cents.
t Adierllsenicnls of more tban a equate in the c&mo
A liberal deduction willbe allowed to those who
mdrerline Djr the year or six mouth",
The Cash will always be inquired In advance for
C AU letters on busin
One hnnrhpd word mv fc "eortMkerea &sT!6n-
elituling a square.
rfBy,the proceedings of the Legislature,
itNvill be seen that both Houses have or-
ganized and gone to work in good earnest.
VVp judge from the manner in winch they
have -commenced, business will be trans-
acted 'with energy and despatch.
jt-We.are happy to he enabled to lay bo fore
ourreariers, tn-day, the Message of Governor
Henderson to the two Houses of the Leid!:s-
ture. It is a document containing many im-
"poriaut suggestions to the wisdom of our law-
givers. He alludes in a very easy, lucid und
satisfactory manner to the commencement
and successful progress of the war with Mexi-
co, and the great forbearance, moderation and
justiae of the course pursued by our national
fiovernaieur. Reference is had to Geu. Kfar-
iey& establishment of a territorial govern-
ment in Santa Fe, on which subject his let-
ter to President Polk and answer thereto ac-
companies the Message. These, however,
with othoi accompany ih g document?, we are
unable to give at present. The advancement
of the frontier settlements of Texas, under the
protection gieti them by the President, is the
subject of some happy and vory just remarks.
J-Ie next touches on the inconvenience result-
ing to the Genera! Government on necount of
not huring control of the lands on which the
'Indians roam, and recommends the sale of
the public domain to the General Government.
The erection of a Penitentiary, and a Land
Office, the better to secure the public records,
&c, ii also recommended. The concluding
'part of the Message is especially interesting.
The attention of the Legislature is callod to
1 he .fanatical proceedings of some of the
.msihern communities, which have presumed
to-intcrfere Rnd meddle with the nirhts and
co'nstitutinnal privileges of ci'izfn-. of the
Southern Stales. The Governor evinces the
true spirit of a Textnn throughout his mes-
sngp, but mora particularly docs his love of
country and ardor in defence of State rights
iina" republican principles, exhibit itself '
thV concluding portion of his address.
'On Thursday, Dec. 2nd. the remains of
dipt. Walker wete conveyed from the
steamer Palmetto to the City Hall, followed
Jiyd large procession. Judge Love adjoin ti-
ed Court in honor of the occasion, and its
officers together with those of the municip-
jtlity and a large concourse of citizens fol-
lowed the hearse. The body has been de
posited in Ihe Hall until the gentlemen who
are to convey it to its final reslmg place at
San Antonio (who are expected by the first
steamer from New Orleans) shall arrive.
The spot selected by Capt. Walker for the
hist repose pf his body is described as one of
greTit beauty, and, honored as it is by the
.TisMes oi other distinguished Texian heroes,
lu'ill be' 'one of enduring interest and
our -citizens. Galveston
"yy '-.niuiaaiaiL on I
VmET IPIrfii f'1
The Revenue stiu. Augki:nti:g. The I
cath received for duties in some of the princi-
pal ports is, as heard fmm, for the first two
weeks in November, IS46, $856,693, and for
the first two wei-ks in November, 1846, in the
same poits, $348,467 showing a gain under
the new tariff of $503,296. Union.
Ona bundled and sixty.eight German emi-
grants arrived at Gelves'on on hoard the bark
Francisco, on the 2Sih Nov. A lare portion
of these emigrants have arrived in this city
on their way to the waslern settlements.
Most of them appear to be farmers, and have
ample means to sustain themselves comforta-
bly in their new locations.
The New York Courier and Enquirer
has come out in strong terms against Mr.
Clay's Lexington speech, and the policy of
tus Deing again run tor tlie Presidency.
Monday, Dsc 13, 1S47:
This being the d;ty prescribed by law
for the meeting of the. Legislature, such
members as had arrived met, Hon. A. C.
Rorton, Lieut. Governor, talcing the
On motion of Mr. Puiker, Mr. N. C.
Raymond, was appointed Secretary pro
The following Senators presented their
credent ials, took I he oath of office and
their seats :
For the District of Fannin and La-
rmr V. M. Williams.
Red Rser and Bowie. Mr. Woolen.
Fannin, Lamar, Red' River and Buwie
Harrison Mr Clark.
Sabii.e and Jasper Mr. McRea.
Monlgnmery Jesse Grimes.
Biaziria and Mdtagotda S. W. Per-
Austin and Fort Bend Philip M. Cu-
ney. Colorado and Fayette J. W. Dancy.
Bexar J. A Navarro.
There not being a quorum present, ad-
journed until 10 o'clock to-morrow morn-
ins. Tuesday, Dec. 14
10 o'clock, A. M.
The roll being called, the following
members answered to their names, to wit :
Messrs. Bourland. Clark, Cuney, Dancy,
Grimes, McRea, Navarro, Perkins, Parker,
Williams and Wallace.
There 'not being a quorum, the Senate
adjourned until 3 o'clock, P. SI.
3 o'clock, p. m.
The Senate met, and Mr. Abbot, Senas
tor from the district of Liberty and JefTer
son, presented his credentials, took the
escribed by the Constitution and his
The roll was cidled, and there being a
quorum present, on motion of Mr. Parker,
the Senate proceeded to its organization
by electing its officers. The following gen-
tlemen were elected:
Mr. N. C. Raymond, Chief Sect etary;
Mr. James F. Johnson, Assistant Sec'y.
Mr. James P. Wallace, Engrossing Clk.
Sir. Thomas H. Jones, Enrolling Clerk.
Mr. Trios. Ward, Serge.ant aNarms.
Sir. Robert McAnelly, Door-keeper.
On motion of Mr. Wallace, the officers
elect came forward and took the oath ol
Oil motion of Mr. Williamson, a com-
mittee was appointed to inform the House
of Representatives, that the Senate was or-
ganized and ready to proceed to business.
On motion of Mr. Wallace, a committee
was appointed to act in conjunction with a
like committee, on the part of the House of
Representatives, and inform his Excellen-
cy the Governor, that the two houses were
organized and ready to receive any com-
munication he may have to make to them,
after which the Senate adjourned until to-
morrow at 9 o'ciock. A. SI.
Wednesday, Dec. 15.
Senate met pursuant to adjournment.
Mr. I. W. Brashear, Senator from Harris,
presented his credentials, took the oath
prescribed by the constitution, and took
Journals of Monday and Tuesday read
A committee from the House of Repre-
sentatives, announced to the Senate that
that body being oaganized, was ready to
proceed to business.
Senator Wallace presented the petition
of sundry citizens of San Augustine, pray
ing that Franklin B. Sexton, a citizen of
San Augustine, under 21 years of age, be
permitted to practice law.
Senator Cimey introduced a ioint reso-
jlulioii for the relief of the citizens of Tex-
as,, who had their property destroyed and
taken eff by the Slexican Government,
during the revolution ; read first time.
A committee from the House of Repre-
sentatives, icqiiesled the Senate to meet
the House of Representatives tin he Rep-
resentative Hall at three o'clock to day, fir
the purpose of electing a Senator to the U.
The invitation was accepted.
A message was leceived from the House
through Pi. F. Hill, ChiefCIerk, informing
the. Senate, that a committee had been ap-
pointed on the part of the House, to act in
conjunction with a like committee of the
Senate, to wait .on His Excellency, the
Governor, and inform him that the two
Houses were organized and ready to re
ceive any communication that he might
have to make.
Adjourned until half past 2 P. SI.
Half past 2 o'clock
-roll called quorum pres-
On motion of Mr. Parker, the Senate '
adjourned to the House of Representatives,
I for the purpose of electing a Senator lo !
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES.
On Slonday at 10 o'clock, the Secretary
of State, Hon. David G. Burnet, assisted
by B. F. Hill, Esq., former Clerk, pro
ceeded to the organization of the House
of Representatives. Fifty eight members
appeared, presented their credentials, and
took the oath of office; The following
were the members prefsent :
From Austin county W. E. Crump
and Chas. Raley.
Brazoria Guy SI. Bryan and E. SI.
Bastrop Thos. Ilardiman.
Bowie Richard Runnels and Slose-
ley. . -
Brasos E. M. Miliican.
Colorado W. B. Perry.and Miller.
Fayette H. Crutcher and Webb.
Fort Bend W. S. Ray nor.
Fannin Thomas J. Shannon and
Gonzales J. D. Anderson and Allen.
Galveston Potter, and H. -tuart.
Goliad--J. W. Stoddard.
Harris M. T. Rogers, and J. W. Hen-
derson. Harrison Goode, Wilson and Taylor.
Houston Miller, and W. T. Sadler.
Jackson B. J. White.
Jasper W. Eddy.
Lamar . . II. Bourland and Wren. ,
Liberty J. SI. Davis and Wm. Fields.
Montgomery A McNeill, Carothers,
Keenan and SlcCown.
Slilam James Shaw.
Nacogdoches A. Sterne, E. Lott. and
J. H. Reagan.
Refugio Jas. Powers.
Rusk Walling and Lvons.
Red River Epperson, W. B. Stout and
Robertson Davis, and Winkler.
San Patricio SI. B. Lamar.
Sabine Burroughs and Renfro.
San Augustine W. Edwards and
Sbclby Jas. Truit and Rains.
Travis S. G. Haynie.
Victoria J. S. Cunningham.
- Washington Van R. Irion, Jas. Willie
and J. B. Robertson.
'I he Secretary of State announced that
the next business in order was the election
of Speaker. Whereupon, Sir. Burroughs
nominated Mr. SI. B.Lamar of San Patii-
cio, and Sir. Mosely nominated Mr. J. W.
Henderson of Harris.
Slessrs. Burroughs, Mosely and Truit,
were appointed tellers. The votes being
counted, stood, for
J. W. Henderson, 34 votes,
SI. B. Lamar, 24
The Sec'y of State accordingly declared
J. W. Henderson, Esq., duly and consti-
tutionally elected Speaker of the House of
On which, Sir. Henderson arose and
addressed the'lJouse as follows :
Gentlemen of the House of Representatives :
Having been selected to preside over
the deliberations of this body by the
voice of a mai'jiity of its members, I feel
and sensibly feel that you have imposed
upon me a high and important trust; one,
in the discharge of which the most expe-
rienced will often fail lo give entire satis-
faction, I, tberefore, approach the station
to which our partiality has called me,
doubting my ability to bring lo it that
efficiency, which may be expected. In-
tricate and difficult questions may and
doubtless will arise, upon which it will be
rny7 duly to decide, and upon which 1
may fall into un ntentional error, but from
which I shall alwa'a expect to find a
ready correction in the intelligence, of
this house, upon which I must be permit
led to draw in all such events. Grnlle-
men, when I look around me on my right
and left, I behold the faces of.but kw
with whom it has been my pleasure and
pride lo have acted heretofore in a legis-
lative capacity, and to have received ibis
mark of your confidence, under any cir-
cumstance, could but be gratifying to me,
bul it becomes double so, when 1 reflect
that you have thought proper lo confer it
upon one whose experience has been but
limited. Gentlemen, for the honor you
have conferred. I return you my heart-
felt thanks, and can only assure you, in
return, that I shall endeavor to discharge
the duties of my station, in accordance
with ihe rules that you may adopt f r
your government. We have important
duties to discharge, and they can only
be accomplished with satisfaction to our-
selves, and v.'iibiiiileresi to the people we
represent, by unity of action and good
understanding with the members of thi&
house to accomplish which, 3-011 will
always have my heart co-opeiation. In
conclusion, permit me to indulge the hope
that a kind providence will shield anTd
protect the interest of our State Horn all
harm, and so direct our deliberations that
they will be conducive to the interest,
happiness and honor of ihe people, to
whonf we all owe a strict accountability.
On motion of Sir. Bourland, the House
adjourned until two o'clock, P. -M.
2 o'clock, P. SI.
M he House met pursuant to adjourn-
ment. Mr. Armstrong of Jefferson, appeared.
took the oath of office and his seat.
On motion, the House proceeded to the
election of Chief Clerk. Messrs. J. S. No-1
bleandB.KHil I irere put in nominatioii 1. 1
On counting the ballots, Mr. Hill received ,
a majority of votes, and was declared duly 1
elected Chief Clerk.
The House then proceeded to the elec-!
tion of Assistant Clerk, and Mr. S. C. Ro i
fbeitson receiving a majority on the second.
ballot, was declared duly elected. j
The House then went iuto an election
! for an Engrossing Clerk, when Mr. J. D
Pitts loceived a majority, and was declared
dnlv elected. 1
On motion, the House proceeded to elect
it lyum-M'cpt'i, miu on uic nun uaiiui. i.ir.
William Gockburn received a majority of
all the votes, and was declared duly elect-
ed. After which, the House proceeded to
the election of Sergeantsat-arms, and Sir.
Hardiman was elected on the 2d ballot.
On motion, the standing Rules of the
First Legislature were adopted for the gov-
ernance of this House until others are
Adjourned until to-morrow morning at
Tuesday, Dec. 14.
The House met, pursuant to adjourn-
ment, a quorum present, and on motion
of Mr. dadler, ibe house adjourned until 2
2 o'clock. P. SI.
Mr. Miller moved to appoint the us-
ual standing committees; which was car-
ried. Mr. Allen moved a committee be ap-
pointed to wait on the Senate and inform
that honorable body that the House of
Represen'alives was organized and ready
to proceed to business. Carried.
On motion of Sir. McNeal, the house
adiourned until to-morrow morning ai 9
December 15. 1847
O eiOCK, J . ill.
The House met, and went into ibe
elf cl ion of U. S. Senator.
Mr. Lott nominated Gen. Sam Hous
ln. there being no other candidate.
lug I'luuecueii to vote viva voce.
Gen. Houston received 54 voles, and
Piocct.dinjs of this dalc;il! be given in full in
Executive Office, Austin, Texas.
Gentlemen of the Senate and
House of Representatives :
In again greeting the representatives
of the people of Texas, I congratulate
3'ou upon the prosperous and happy con-
dition of our country.
At no peiiod since the people of
Texas declared their Independence and
established a government of tlreir own
choice, has their Legislature rnei, under
circumstances belter calculated to call
forth their unbounded gratitude and praise
to ihe great Cftaior and Ruler of the
universe. Let us invoke a continuance
j of the favors of Heaven, and so conduct
ourselves as a people that we may de-
serve its bounties.
As my official conueeiion wiihvou is
about to terminate, in making this com-
munication, imposed upoi me by the
Constitution, I will -coufiue it chnfly to
such measures as h.ive, been acted upon,
since the adjournment of our last Legis-
lature ; leaving it with my successor to
direct your attention.to such other sub-
jects for your consideration as he ma
think requires legislative action.
About the close of the last session of
our Legislature, it was announced that
the. Mexican army had commenced hosti-
lities against the United Slates by attack-
ing her troops on ihe Rio Grande within
the limits of the Slate of Texas. At the
same lime a requisition was made upon
the Executive of Texas for two thousand
mrn to aid in the defence of our country.
That call upon ihe chivalry and patrio-
115m of ourci'tzens was nobly lei-ponded
to by them. The termination ol the cam
paign ag-iinst Monieiey which redound-
cd sc1 much lo tlie glor3' of this nation,
and the part taken in 11 by our citizen
soldiers is well known to you all. Uni-
versal and almost unparalleled success
has crowned ihe American arras. since the
commencement ol the Mexican war, and
proclaims the justness of our cause.
The baltles'of Palo Alto, Resaca de
la Palma, SJonierey, Buena Vista, Vera
Cruz, Cerro Goida and ihe city of Slex-
ico have entwined new laurels around the
Ameiican name, and confirn-s the well
placed confidence of our Government
and people in the bravery and patriotism
of our regular and citizen soldiers. It is
interesting l me christian and the bene-
volent to see the huma;jii3 with which
this war tias heen conducted on tne part
of the American dovernmenrrT war,
too, wbicn has been forced upon us by
that vain-glorious nation, by the pjanv
injuries which she has heaped upon citi-
zens of the United States, and the insulis
which she ha so repeatedly offered to
our officers and Government, and finally
by attacking and making war upon our
army within our own territory. But
why should I iccurto facts which are so
familiar to you all? It is not necessary
to make an argument to justify this war
before the people of Texas. We have
all seen and relt the injustice of Mexico,
and fulty justify every act of our Govern-
ment towards that people. W we could
' consent to take any exception to the
1 cronrsf! onrsupd. it would lm aorainst ln
forbearance shewn by our Government,
ant, i(s iong submissiomto the repeated
insuIls offed lo our minisiers sent to
w- b w j ,or an amicable adjust-
. r 11 i- . 1 . l J
met.,L ,,f aU disputes, between the two
"""P"8' course which was dictated
doub.lless b.v iee,'"gs of humanity to-
w,lr,ls.a. v,n n weak people. It is
c. privilege, and it is tlie du
ly of every
citizen to oppose the commencement or
declaration of a war which he believes
to be unjust or unnecessary, fir war is at
all times an evil, which should be avoids
ed long as forbeaiance is not the gieater
evil, uui 11 is me ciuiv ot every citizen
The House met nursunni to adjourn- l? der'7 such expends v-onwquently,
ment-rol! caiied-nnorum present, ! inc ?'h.ole. ?f jhat ,rbcn hBS falieJ on a
The standing committees were aa. jiew maividunls, who have generousiy par-
j .t nu - ir.. ted with their property for that purnose,
notmced ov !ho Chair. And after son-, , r . .- .... ' !.. uun Jl.-- f
, , - - . T1 .. . .. out tew ol viiom have eeen paid lor
dry business,.the house adjourned until ,. CJST nfkh cc simnlA ch.r.
whatever may be bis opinion in regard to
the necessity or justness ol the war, to
give to his Government hissupport, when-
ever she voluntarily or by compulsion
engages in such a contest; and I sincere
ly hope and believe that thre is no citi-
zen of Texas so lost to his own interest
and duly, or whose mind is so tleeply'im-
bued with treason as lo.be opposed to
the vigorous prosecution of this- war, or
to refuse to aid in the prosecution of any
other, which bis Government may think
proper to enter into, whether it is waged
in defence of bis own individual rights, or
in the protection of the spinning Jennies
of abolitionists. It is sufficient for us
nor- to know tbat our Government is en-
gaged in war with Sfsteo. In the re-
sult of this war, the people of Texas
have and feel a deep interest, and it is
our dtit3' to give to our Government in
this contest our utmost energies.
hi complying witirthe various requisi-
tions made upon the Executive of- the
State for troops, since the commencement
of the war, much inconvenience has been
! experienced in providing for the men, and
forwarding them to the placcof rendezvous,
no means having been placed at the com-
mand of the Executive by the Legislature,
pH fnnnUv hu nil. rPhfi tlpneral Oovprn-
mant ic li.-ihlp in. nnrl will nav fhosp. p.hnr-
i - ...... --. -
L-ac hut ir ieirnnnsiihlp fnr hr tonnvthpm
in the first instance.- And as it is believed
that the condition of our State Treasury is
now such, as to enable us to pay the expen-
ses which have been thus incurred, 1
would respectfully suggest, that an appro
priation be made for that purpose, and hold
the same as a claim against the General
The Mexican nation being vain of its
own strength and greatness, and ignorant
of the capacity of the United Slates, will
doubtless be di posed to continue the war
for some time to come, and as other calls
may he made upon our State for troojs, I
most earnestly nnje upon you the necessi-
ty of placing ample means at the command,
of my successor, to enable him to forward
to the place of rendezvous with prompiiess,
such forces as may hereafter be called for
from Texas, lo participate in the war, or to
guard our frontier. Any advances made
by the State for these purposes, will be're
funded by the Geueral Government. v
About the close of the last or the begin
ning of the present year, 1 learned through
the newspapers, that General Kearney,
who was in chief command of the United
States forces in Santa Fe, had there estab-
lished a Territorial Government, within
the limits of the State of Texas, and hav-
ing learned through the same source, that
some alarming demonstrations had been
made in the Congress of the United States,
soon after the commencement of the last
session, which seemed lo question the right
of Texas to that Territory, and claim it as
territory which was conquered by, and Le
longed to Ibe United States, exclusive cf
the rights and jurisdiction ol Texas over
the same. Having had no explanations of
that act on the part of the Geueral Govern-
ment, nor any assurauce of its ultimate
design, I regarded it as the duty of the Ex-
ecutive of the State, to assert in due time,
our unquestionable right 10 the soil and
jurisdiction over that country. 1 accords
ingly addressed a communication upon the
subject, to the President, through the See-
retaay of State of the United States, a copy
j0f which, together with the answer
to, is herewith laid before you for yc
formation, by which it will le seen, that
the Piesident fully recognises tht ciaim of
: Texas to the Rio Grande, according to her
limits, as deJared by the Act of the Con
gress of the Republic of '1 exas, passed in
December, 1836. When Texas consented
to enter the Union, it was fully understood
by both contracting parties, that the Rio
Grande, from its mouth lo its source, form-
ed the rightful boundary betweeu Texas
and Mexico, and Texas confidently expec-
ted, that no other boundary would be con-
sented to in any treaty between the United
States and Mexico. W e have every reas
son still to be satisfied, that we have confi-
ded those rights in part to the keepmgrand
management of the President and his con-
Since Ihe organization of our State Gov-
ernment, our frontier Settlements have
greatly advanced, and are stiii rapidly &ti-
vetrtg-wrdErtheJiMral and eincientpro-
tection gien to then? by the ordcrsoi the
! Preside"', tympanies are iiow Malioued
I ht ati nomts where thev arc cJitd tor to
protect our people agamic the thetts and
host lilies of the various Indian Tribes.
The General Government has formed
some inconvenience and embarrassment m
the management of their Indian affairs m
Texas in consequence of not owning' or
having full control over our public and
unappropriated land upon which theludi
ans roam. This inconvenience and em-
barrassment must daily increase until' the
obstacles are removed. This considera-
tion, together with the various otheran a-
sons urged in my Message to the Legisla-
ture at the beginning ot its last Session
makes it my duly to call your attention
again to trie subject of the sale of our pub
lie lands. The sale of our unappropriated
domain to the General Goverumeiit will
enable the State to pay her debt, and piace
it m the power of that Government to, give
to the frontier of our State the most com-
During the last year a number of Indian
Tribes chiefly of the Lapan Nation, came
frem Mexico and located themselves on the
Rio Grande and on the head waters of the
Colorado river, within the limits of the
State of Texas, and seem to be disposed to
remain in that region.
Several of the chiefs of those tribes visited
the Executive of the State, at Austin, in
I II1L Olliiiv. J it t is' -r-' v - v w wtiui
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 2, No. 49, Ed. 1, Wednesday, December 15, 1847, newspaper, December 15, 1847; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48363/m1/2/: accessed September 25, 2022), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.