The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 27, 1849 Page: 3 of 4
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b jar -Ha life
r. !Kt...;.m t:-rMET-.VM- - ..
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t fr? SIB BIllS
w .T- MiT - .aEKt t33?!!?i5B . j1
i tsi -r&, Wi5 "iPsiPli -
r 2 . !S " - -- mmm& igmsHSFri -P
' - - ?rtl5Sl -. -:Ey32lSZ i75
t" - mw4i..4.JgssgS
Mmt,) has taken the disease, and o a smc citie'l!
" Srhis leads us to believe tliat the disease was imbibed
jefoie coming here, and was aggravated by tlie ex-
;.,ir,-T;.,T nf tiio -wrn.Tfhpr nnd the exnosed
Condition of the soldiers. Under these circumstances.
Ilve may enjoy the hope that as there has not yet been
, case oi unoieia uuiuug " wmuw. niv - ;
The Pope's Escape from his Capital in the
"nnr n- a Sptint. The following account
. ,,. -J U Vide Ji- -n U" ' -" -- " ..
. feSf thn P.mp'c flio-ht from Rome into the Neopolitan
llerritory, is furnished by the Naples correspondent of
V- tlie N. Y. Times :
M Since the assasination of M. Rocsi. the Pope remain-
ied a close prisoner in the Quirmal ; ana tne utiKe
WHarcourt, the French Representative, was compelled
?to reside in the Palace, for the purpose of nJIording
he protection of his person and ilag to tne sovereign
SPoiuiff. The business of the Government went on
n the Pope's name, but without his sanction, and so
fcU! :mK-:jL v tmv.wM.ii . w ' -
p York, in which fight four of the Indians were so bad-
Jly wounded that they died. They also killed two men
p?j?p3down about Corpus Christ i or San Patricio making a
VjJtotal of ten persons winch they acknowledged. In
yall, the Lipans have lost mx killed and one wounded.
iThe report about the Mexicans following them is cor-
rect. There were some Lipans down, four of whom
swere killed, and stole, the Mexicans' horses and ha-
IllpJving to pack some of their wounded the Mexicans
foverlook them on the Nueces, and got their horses
Qp?back as well as lorks hat and papers. The matter
""Mar did he carry his resolution not to oe aioiateu io,
-ahat he refused even to receive the repons. accoiuing
.Xrfci -. .Li. . r t, (Tior. nC thn rrn.nrH
SIO inVdrUlUJti CUaiOlIJ, UL Hie uiutui wa w j,
Spuch a state of things could not long continue, and
Mthi members of the dinlomatic corps, as it is said, ar-
' silSranffed a plan for the liberation of his Holiness, of
Hornj,a distance of about 17,000 miles, and a five
months voyage !
The New York Tribune furnishes the following
facts relative to the difficulties that will attend those
who take the Chagres and Panama or Isthmus" route:
"A gentleman who has just arrived from Pauama,
tes trhat there were six thousand persons there
nhe left, waiting a conveyance to San Francisco.
Sis the difficulty we had feared. Undoubtedly the
Amount is still larger now. Probably, however, when
the fact becomes known that so large a quantity of
passengers are waiting at Panama, that poit will be
sought by a !ari;c number of ships which have been
navigating the Pacifie, including some of the English
steamers which ply between Valparaiso and Callao,
and other northern ports."
Some officers of the Massachusetts regimnt are
raising a company in Boston, to go b' land to Califor-
nia; and so are some officers in Vermont. It is also
sjated, that several parties are preparing, iij the Atlan-
tic States, to go lp California via Austin, Texas. The
Jewellers' Gold Company, of New York, who are pre-
paring to start for the gold region, have also adopted
a route through Texas, and along the shores of the Pa-
cific. It ts thus evident that the advantages of the
"route through Texas, for emigration to California,
have not been entirely overlooked by many intelligent
persons in the other Stales. It must soon become the
main route for the overlaud emigration. The com-
'panies to leave here shortly, will make the way plain
- The Epidemic is Kkw Okleaxs it an Evd The Picavuncof
ilie 8ih inst., publishes ihe following report of the New Orleans
Board of Health, from which it appears that the cholera had then
ceased to be epidemic jii that city:
January 6, 1 o'clock P. M. At a meeting of the
-Board held to day the following report was adopted :
Reports made to the Board up to 1 o'clock, P. M
"this day, show a diminution of nearly one-half the
'number of deaths from cholera for the last twenty-four
hours, being a decrease of nineteen
This rapid falling off of deaths, together with the
?wo days' previous favorable reports, induce the Board
'of Health to -'declare the cholera no longer epidemic
in onr city. A. D CROSSMAN,
President of the Board of Health.
" A. Hester., Secretary.
" ---We will not, (says the Picayune,) disguise the sa-
tisfaction with which we give place to the above re-
port of the medical authorities of the city. It is not
the time for us to discuss the value of the official de-
clarations of the Board of Health j it is enough that
- . theabove report commands the entire assent of men
of sense in regard to the decrease of the malady with
which our city has been visited.
Fearful as has been the mortality in New Orleans
during the month past.it is lemarkable how few citi-
- zens of note have fallen victims to the disease. The
scourge has been inflicted upon those least able to bear
up against it upon the homeless and friendless strang
er, or upon the poor and most distressed of our resi-
dent population. Such has been ihe rule in regard to
the disease, with hereand theic exceptions of citizens
surrounded with the appliances of health. A panic
- fear wrought powerfully on the side of the pestilence
for some days; but as this has given place to calmer
and rational views, the epidemic has been stripped of
its horrors, and has rapidly and palpably subsided
From the tone of feeling manifested throughout all
circles of society, none would imagine that a fatal ep-
., idemichad existed here at all much less had but re-
cently passed away. It is only in reading the exag-
gerated reports which come to us from the North and
'the West of the health in New Orleans, that we can
realizeThat the fell destroyer has been in our midst,
so completely have passed away the anxious fear and
gloom which hung over all two short weeks a-o.
From the. outset we have been more afflicted by ap-
prehensions than by realities, and the former, once
subdued, all hearts recovered in a moment the cheer-
- fulness which is the best promoter and first reward of
Cholera among the Troops. The Victoria
Advocate of the 4th inst., has the following in rela-
tion to the prevalence of the cholera among the Uni-
ted States troops at that place and Port Lavaca :
" We are pained to say, that for so short a time the
ravages of the destroyer have been most melancholy
and deplorable. Within the last two weeks, not less
than 150 out of 500 soldiers, on their way to our
westeru frontier, have paid the debt of nature at these
two places mostly, however, at Lavaca. A very sin-
gular circumstance is, that but one officer (a Lieuten-
t l . I .! :.-. ...nn nnlKiictnrl fr I llo"
wnicn mc imiimuiaie execution was cimuoiv.- . .
f Ymnt dp. Snnnr. the Minister of Bavaria. At an early
hour, previously agreed to, the Pope retired into a pri-
vate room, for the purpose of apparently conferring
with the gentleman J have just named, and there he
disguised himself in the livery of the Bavarian lega-
tion. In a few minutes the carriage of the Minister
was called, and the Count de Spaur, followed by the
Pope, disguised as his servanr, descended the grand
staircase, entered the carriage, the Pope mounting on
the box alongside the coachman. The artifice suc
ceeded no suspicion arose either in the Q,uirinal or
the outward guaid, and the good old man was enaoiea
to breathe the air of liberty. Immediately on the ar
rival at the residence of the Bavarian Minister, another
transposition was made. The Pope took off the livery
suit and dressed himself in the usual costume of the
Minister's chaplain, or uumonier, and M. de Spaur
having already given notice of his intention of going
to Naples, and received passpoits fiom the Govern
ment, post horses were soon procured, the Count and
his supposed chaplain took their places in the carriage,
and then happily cleared the gates of Rome. It was
jome time bciore the mistake was discovered, and of
course due care was used by ihose in the'secret to sny
that ths Pontiff was engaged in his devotion, and
could not be disturbed. When the flight became
known the ministry was thunderstruck, and, as 1 hear,
draaroons were despatched to bring back the fugitive
Bu: either these measuies failed, or the new Govern
ment hesitated in arresting the person of an ambassa-
dor, and the Count de Spaur, with his reverend charge,
crossed the frontier in safety, and arrived at Gaetaj a
large town, the first in the Neapolitan territory, not
far from Terracina. The Pope left the Qjiirinal on
the evening of the 24th, and arrived at Gaeta on e
night of the 2oth.
11 is Present Situation. The King of Naples,
with his family, immediately proceeded to Gaeta, when
the news reached Naples. " The Q,ueen and Princes
remained at Gaeta, while the King returned to Naples
to make preparations for the reception of the Pope.
The Roman and Spanish Ministers at Naples went to
Gaeta, and the diplomatic corps at Rome, except the
Sardinian member thereof, has arrived at Naples, with
Upon the subject of his place of flight, a paper pu-
blished on the spot remarks:
There is no doubt that the temporal sovereignty of
the Roman Pontiff has been placed in serious jeopar
dy by the withdrawal of Pius IX. Had he gone any
where but under the shadow of the bombarder of
Messina, and the assassin of the Bandieras. the demo-
cracy would have borne it patiently. Malta would
have been considered a decorous and dignified retire-
ment. But he has chosen to sail in the same boat
with the detested Ferdinand, and there will be but one
conclusion drawn in Italy, viz: that he appeals to
brute force, and flings down the gauntlet to his once
adhering and confiding subjects. This is a most seri-
ous matter, and the friends and admirers of the Pope
are uueu wun aejection and despondency.
His Manitesto. The following is a copy of a
manifesto addressed by the Pope to the people of
Plus IX, to the Roman People. The outrage in
latter days committed against our person, and the in-
tention openly manifested to continue these acts of vi-
olence, (which the Almighty, inspiring men's minds
wun sentiments ot union and moderation, has pre-
vented.) have compelled us to separate ourselves tem-
porarily from our subjects and children, whom we love
and ever shall love.
The reasons which have induced us to take this im-
portant step Heaven knows how painful it is to our
heart have arisen from the necessitv of our eniov-
ing free libeity in the exercise of the sacred duties of
the Holy bee, as under the circumstances by which we
were th-n afflicted, the Catholic world might reasona-
bly doubt of the freedom of that exercise. The acts
of violence of which we complain can alone be attri-
buted to the machinations which have been used, and
me measures mat nave been taken by a class of men
degraded in the face of Europe and the world. This
is the more evident, as the wrath of the Almighty has
already fallen on their souls, and as it will call down
on them sooner or later the punishment which is pre-
scribed for them by his church. We recognise, hum-
bly, in the ingratitude of these misguided children,
the anger of the Almighty, who permits their misfor-
tunes as an atonement for the sins of ourselves and
those of our people. But still we cannot, without be-
traying the sacred duties imposed on us, refrain from
protesting, formally, against their acts, as we did do
verbally, on the loth of November, of painful memo-
ry, in the presence of the whole diplomatic corps, who
on that occasion honorably encircled us and brought
comfort and consolation to our soul in recognising that
a violent and unprecedented sacrilege had beencom-
mitted. That protest we did intend, as we now do.
openly and publicly, to repeat, inasmuch as we yield-
hope you win not have any
There are about two hundred Camanches now on a
lllllllgforay to the lower Rio Grande they went to visit
iGuerrero, Mier and some of the towns below. There
lliisno telling what the poor Mexicans will suffer."
t From the Western Texian, Jan. 12.
j It beromca our p-unful duly to announce thf death of one of iho
Gip553? n,OM locfiL-il patriots ot lexas Captain bAMUhlj
SS5???-tlIGHSMITII, rpcr-nilv of the Rancins servicr who died in this
Jsti5S&it on the night of Wednesday last, after n hricf but
JSsSSsSj-S0" inlliiiMHNi. It is hut a few week since Capt. Hig
jut painful illness.
Capt. HiGiisiiiTH rcturn-
Ssg&gf'it hi bosom of hi- fumilv. from the expedition to thr Presidio
S'"' Norte, under the command of Col. Hats, in apparently better
lllsf!, u'1'' l'ian we rccllcft to have ever seen him before nnd senrcely
IPf?lfl v c 'us c'npsed M.irc he isitcd our ofilre and handed Us a copy
gis-DjpS&'f n5s rport (which we puhiUh to-da) to Col. Bell, of the result
goi maiepciiiuon and now, lp is no more !
j Cnpt. HiGiisiiiTH was n mtive of Kentucky. He : born in
jrSOG, nnd at the iiim of his dca'li wis 43 ears of asc. He onii-
igraied to Te.i in 182G, and lus re-idod principally upon this fron-
itipr eer-in-e. Hc was among- the first lo take up arms in the enma
of Teas, in hr rcvoluiioiury struggle in 1835 was at the storm-
jing and taking of t).U ciiy with the heroic Milam, in December of
ithat enr. am! pariicinalcd in manv other conflicts during tho vrnr.
both with the Mexican enemy and with the Indians. After the storm
RPwcia W,ir k'""'' '" a mea'U'e subsided, he returned to tho walks of pri-fSFSs-la
tC ''k' '" 'i'"'1 'ie '!C'( a number of stations of honor and trut,
fc-j4?feaand was esteemed as an honest, nnrisrht. inst. and ljw-nhidiri" ciii-
&SrjJpa3' On the commencement of tho war between the U. States and
&WgS!53Mexico, ho rocehed authority to raie n company of Rangers for
wfrontier ptotectimi, and has, without scarcely any intermission, con-
lIMcPilSl11""01 'n l',at "e"'cc unt'' almost the very du of hi death having
pbsSSwSk00" reliexed by the U. S. troops, and mustered out of the service at
li wll)L. IlICZHSMITFT nnc latr nn nmtnh n uif. flrwt ? irnn ttmifi. nt
L'hildrvn to mourn his death, to whom his Ios will be irreparable ;
besides a large ciiclc of friends and acquaintance, by whom he was
iuniersally esteemed, This, his adopted State, has lost a patriot.
gwho has alwas stood bj- her in the hour of peril, and who was always
lmon- the tirst to 1I to the rescue, w hen she was assailed by enemies.
I A TT O Bl T "RT -HP ft F71 iCT V.
&vZmiff&WH21 w " " w Mii
gSlItn undersigned haing taken tho nboie stand, formerly nccu-
oSgfeeKS JL P'ct by Capt. James G. Swisher, vould respectfully "inform
fK?K&ShU friends and the public, that he is prepared lo entertain them with
fcJ'he best the markets anil the country atford. No expense hag been.
jJg5gor will be -pared, to render those who patronise him comfortable.
gggiig! The STABLIJS are in good repair and well furnished with proven-
EjjSSrSSvidr. A trut.lt and careful hostler will be kept in attendance.
Austin, Jan. 28, 1840. ltf HENRY E. McCULLOCH.
Ecmc Protection IZron Foundry.
K. K. KrLLUU, CITY OF HOUSTON, TEXiS.
THE subscriber would inform thp publict that the above establish-
ment is now in full and successful oneration. and nrennrn.? ir. fin
rdcrs at the shortest notice, for nn nnd every description of cat or
wrougni-iron worK, mm aiui din Scanner, bugar Kettles. Sii"ar
E55.MUIS, iij steam ana. liore-power) bteam Lngines, Boilers, vi,r., of
lie latc-.t ami most approved patterns, made to order, and in a stvie
ot inferior to the best work donp in the south-wc-t. on the most rua-
enable terms. Cast aud Wrought Iron Ploughs kept constantlv on
anu, ana m.-.iie to order.
Wnilfpfl. immnrlinti'lv n f..v- riiotVr-Jli I... - 1I .r
3V.. -w.... w.utiuj mj ..iv isb imuu in uiz UliliL'U OIUICS.
None but sober, working men, need apply.
Ucc. y, 1 8 18, 1-tt
N. K. KELLU.M.
' under the name and
e Steam Circular Saw-
Ihe appointment of Major Cass, as Charge lo Rome
was also connrmeu.
The House was engaged all day in the discussion
of bills for the appointment of commissioners io ex-
amine claims against the United States Government.
In the House on the 4tL Jan., Mr. Smith, from the
Committee on Territories, reported a bill for the estab-
lishment of a territorial government for New Mexico.
Mr Pilsbury, of Texas, from the same committee,
presented a counter report, protesting against the dis-
memberment of the State of Texas.
In the U. S. Senate, on the ISth December, Mr.
Douglass called up his bill for the admission of Cnti
fomia and New Mexico, as a State, into the Union.
I with a view to its reference, with his amendments, to
tne committee on Territories.
The question as to the reference to that committee
led to a debate, in which Messrs. Berrien, Douglass.
Butler, AVestcott, Yulee, Bright, Baldwin,' Rusk nnd'
Mr. Rusk was in favor of the reference to the Judi-
ciary Committee, aud explained the circumstances un-
der which the-memorial of New Mexico had been pre-
sented. He was satisfied, from the attention which he
had given the subject since the presentation of that me-
morial, that a principal object of the memorialists was
to wrest from Texas her territory east of the Rio
Grande. Conventions held in New Mexico were not
a fair expression of public sentiment: they expressed
the views and wishes of a few leaders only. The
people might attend them, but the proceedings were
the acts exclusively of the few who control the many.
The motion to refer to the committee on territories
was lost by a vote of 2d to 25, and the bill was then
referred to the Judiciary committee.
The Indians. We have been politely favored by
A. A. Locrcwoon, Esq., (says the editor of the Tex-
ian.) with the perusal of a letter from Mai'. R. S.
Neighiiors, Indian Agent, dated Torrey's Trading
House, Jan. 1st, IS 19, from which we make the fol-
lowing extract, which will be found interesting. It
settles conclusively the question as to what tribe of In-
dians committed so many depredations on onr border
some three months siuce ; and there is no doubt they
were instigated to the perpetration of these bloody
deeds, in consequence of the imprudent and unautho-
rised attack made on thern by Lieut. Brown and his
command sometime last summer. Maj. Neighbors
'" The Camanches and Lipans have just left here
(the trading house) they are satisfied and I think
they will remain at peace. The difficulties on the Ci-
bolo and Coleto were all talked over
The Mill will be continued in operation bv Samdet. W. Sims and
jEr.iAL M. Smith, u-idcr tho otrip and stjle of Sims & Smith.
Ihe proprietors would hereby tender their thanks to their custom
ers and friends, for the liberal patronase heretofore extender! tn ifim
.anl pledge themselves to uc evcrv exertion to gie general salisfac'
'I bey have on hand, and will endeavor to keep a sunnlv of seasonoJ
Lumber, for the accommodation of those who have to haul to n dis-
tance. SIMS & SMITH.
Circular Mill, Bastrop, Jan. 1, 1819. l-4t
LOST The head-right certificate of George Leonard, fur one
third of a league of Land, No. 114, issued by the Board of
Land Commissioners of Harrisburg County. If intelligence of the
same is not received within the t;me prescribed bv law. I will annlv
to the proper officer for a duplicate.
Jan. 28, 1849.
C. II. STERNS.
THE STATE OF TEXAS, ) Preston Coulee m. the Com'r GenM
COUNTY OF TRAVIS. L'd Office and Itichard Lawrence
To the Sheriff" of said County. G-reetintr
j i... .1 i :.r.io . O
y ., u,t...l-.re..u, u.-uuiiiuii ui uiuoiaicot lexas.j-ouarehere-
JL by commanaea to summon uichard Law rence to be and appear be-
fore tho Hon. the District Court, to be holden in and for the cotmtv"
of Travis, aforesaid, on the fourth Monday after the first Mond iv in
'" ,.,.' , ' "u" , . """: 1 , u"u.r ",c Ponton ot I'reston ConI?e ,
exhibited against him; v Inch petition states, that the said Conlep'
a citizen of the county of Bastrop in said State, obtained his Head"
right certificate for six hundred nnd forty acres, from the Board of
Commissioners of said county of Bastrop", and located and find th
same surveved in said countv. and the field notes annrn, ,1 j C
the Lipans ac
knowledged to havinn killed the D.ivisns. Dr Rnmotr
ed only to violence, and because we wcie and are de-, the two men on the Coleto. aud to have fought with'
uirni-u m iru uuiiEtui xuuu-vuico, wncrc tney now remain. Tl
petition further slates, that said Conlee is the legal owner of nnothe0
certificate for G40 acres, issued to Matthew W. Alexander, from aid
county of Bastrop, and that the same was also located and urr A
in said county, and ndjoinin? his said former survev, and the fM
notes duly approved and filed in the General Land-Office and tb-,
.. ,s iuur.. i...s .. 'i... " i mw to entitle him to patents
upon said survevs; but that the Commissioner of tlie General T I
Office refuses to grant him patents for the s-vme, on account of lb
same hiving been titled lo tho said Richard Lawrence as a cn!nn?
in Austin's Colonj, on the 4th of April, 1331, for one-quarter 'of n
league of land. l
The petition alleges, tint the title or said Lawren-e to said Ian 1
was obtained by imposition, fraud, and fraudulent representations -'
that he never wns nn actual resident in snid Colonj-, nor of the St
of Cooliuik and Texas: that he was a mere itinerant land specuia."?
and that he abandoned the country soon after piocnrin"- his said
vey and title, and has never since returned - SUr"
And as it appears from the affidavit of the plaintiff's attornev filed
in accordance with the law, that the said Lawrence is a non-rc'l
of this State, you nre therefore, hereby commanded to summon u o
said Lnwrencc, by making publication of this citation in some news
paper published in this county, if there be a newspaper published h
this countv ; but if not, then in the nearest county where a nc
is published, fot four weeks previous to the return day of thiswr'ir110'
Herein f iil not, but make return of this writ as the law directs
.ttcst, uooNvvEi.1. w. uissford, Ulcrk.
Given under my hand and official seal, at office this Crt a r
January, A. D. 1819. ' Ur3t dnJ" of
r, , , . n. . B- P- BASSFORD,
, -r ,i r V ?C tr,urC?D f Travis County.
I certify the foregoing to be a true copy of tho ordinal citation Is
sued bv me. Witne-s mv hand and official seal ifniK .t i
.I,.., .. ,;,..,., ' "- '" ""ie
....t.i. .i..i :.. ,i. tvi.. n..n. . c c - .
I"11""" "' "" "-" "-'".i mui jour successive weeks
Jan. 29-1-it'. J' H MATTHEWS.
on n i . o.
C: D. BASSFORD, Clerk D. C. T C
UVJ::rTS'"nS r,nl ""ebyoiderthe same to
same to be
Wil: "uaV-. Ksq-. i, my duly authorized ngenTToTe
oioiiruiSS Icxas Dc,nocra,
A-.th.Now 17. J.81Q. MCHAELCRQNICAN.
jxocutcd. with neatness and dispatch, at
I I! !r? OFl'icc,
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 1, Ed. 1, Saturday, January 27, 1849, newspaper, January 27, 1849; Austin, Texas. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48383/m1/3/: accessed April 24, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.