The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1, Saturday, February 10, 1849 Page: 1 of 4
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AUSTIN, Si-TURDAY,3fEBRUARY 10, 1819.
, NO. '3.
13 i Sk Ins is -j 11 i Si si'
r dfe. w- Igr
T.fl-EtfEJ&AS D B-SGXT) JR.A T
" Will be'ifc&lEshed every Sa tin-toy by
These statistical investigations., however, a fiord no
definitive information as' to the peculiar mode in whic'i
Cholera transmitted itself from one locality to another,
whether by contagion or infection.
or.my own part, although doubts may still exist
. -.. I on the suhiect in the minds of mnnv inieilMrent indi-
Tho TEXAS DEMOCRAT trill Tie continded until thfe arrange- . , . 7 . nf - - r ... . - ,
'd tO 1S-UC tIO 1LAAO .ivAiuito, i -""01 iv.i i no wj m.il unifi tutu wujin
mpni5 in Dro?rJ3 stirill harp been complete'
qtjtp. RiW'TTP It will lIiph. rh nlaci to tli it paper. -
The Democrat will be sent to alfihtp whoMsa paid Their suV
. kcriptioDB in advaci antiUhe engagements ottiie tiirmer juuium..
liallbaul)een fiilfilleil. ' ,
Those who bubseribe to tljfe State Gazeae,-w.il! be fiiniishednvitli
je Democrat until the new paper is cninmeiu-cil; a.iJ charged at
Vi mt nf Si ner iar for the time thnv rPCPlvp it.
JL All letters to the" publisher must be Post raidur they wil. notip
taken from the office.
On cmmr rT ft lino nr ?f.s. first iiisnrIon.
Advertisements ofmWenhmfa'emiaro'iir'ihe. mc proportion.
A discount of fifty-per cent.will be made Jo aliu-c who adv rtisc
by the year.
The Cash will always be rcijuiicil in adance for'AMvcuUing. i'
"One hundred words mav be conideied as constituting a qnarfc.
; ; ' . j?
PK.o.gpECTUs - : t
TBIAS: STATJ QAZ.ETtE. .
depends entirely upon athiopheiic peculiarities, and
that it is in no instance contagious or communicable!
by contact. '
This opinion appears to be corroborated by many
demonstrative circumstances. Amonof the many sub
stantial and conclusive arguments which have been al
various times advanced to prove the nfin-conlnious-ness
or incommunicabiliry, by contact, of Cholera,
may he enumerated the following
i.i-iaiii;u. uiiuiui i:ii-, ill UdlliUU.i, iiiib f
irly in March nest, the undeisiqned tvill commence the pub-
lion of a weekly journal at the' City of Auv-lnl w be called the
" Texts tSTATE liiZKTTB; Forthis purpose, an atiHPiir.ni,fcUpply 01
new material has b.en ordered, and wilt be on Hind mi due ea'o:l.
TheSTATE Gazette will baiMied in quntto or double form-, simi-
lar to that oTthe bast weeklies nov pt inicd in the Uni'-d States: p
size, -It will be conoitterabTy larger than any ncwspjpcT now
published in Texas. .5re3l ca,ie will bi JjestuWcOjipon the style
an'd mechanical cxecntiOn of the woik; and the form and size
adopted, logetjier with its regular publication at Uie seat of govern-
ment, will render it a convenient repository of much valuable
matter pertaining to tl e afuirs of the S.ate, which rmy be leadily
preserved, and filed or bound for future reference. As the nm'e
imports, its columns will be especially devo-'eil to the interests of
tfie Stale and pcople'of Texas" Particular atlentibii will be siven
-to an early, full, and faithful report-of the proceedingsrthe Le
gislalurej to the publication of. the lfiWs-jHnaetJiaicly after their
passage, and to t'ae.acts and "measures of the Execulive Adminis-
In politics, the State Gazittte will b JhorongJvU democratic ; and
'will advocate earnestly and fiiihjullv, but without violence or
vituper.ition, tlmsc doctrines an i principles which Heat the found-
ation of-our republicm system, and on whit-h rest tile prosperity
and happiness ol the grat mas?, of the American people.
In addition to politics, bath S ate and Feiier.il, the StatrGazttte
K-ifl confiin full accounts of the current news, foreign and domes
tic; and likewise beleefcd articles from the b?st sources, upon
morals, education, health, agritu'tme, iencejnndlhe arts.
Nothing in the nature, of an attack on private character, or per-
sonal abuse, will e;er be admitted.
During the essions of the Leyishtsirc, the Statf Gazette Will be
issued at least twice a week. Fif;y-two.nu:nber.s will constihi'e a
Tolume, for whili the subscription price will be five dollars
It is deemed best for all parties, that the .. syiem, wjthou'
qualification, should be ; d ip ed, and srrinly adhered to: subscrip-
tions, therefore, will not bs receiv;a, nor aaveniements inhertetl,
unless piid for in ndvjnce, or the pwnent assumed bj'some les-
ponsible resident of the city of Austin. Adver.isemenls will be
inserted at the usual rates.
The names of 2ub-crib?rs shon'd bo accurately and .legibly
written, ?r.d th- post-oriiee o which their papers are lo be sent pii-
iien!arlypecifie.l. An eMra n'vnbei of copies will be printed, to
Mipply bub-cribero who may desire to have the 'paper complete
Jioiii the commncem-'ni.
An allowance often per ccnl. will bj made on all i.ums collected
lid puid over by agents.
W. E. CUSUINEY.
Acstiv, Jrinuiry 8, lSl.9.
.existence of the epidemic 4rere, in the shiiveljed and
attenuated condition, and the Ijvid conipicxinn of a!
most every inhabitant of New Orleans : thu.s demon
slraling that it depended ip m some omnipteseui mor
THE CHOLERA OP IS32.
The following observations are extracted "fiom a
work published by Dr. J. S. McFarlane, shoitly after
the disappearance of t!ie Cholera, from the U. Sl.ites
on its first visitation. The author appears to have
been a close observer of all the phenomena connected
with the pro vi ess and fearful lavages of the disease at
To trace its Asiatic ravages wotdd be as unprofita-
ble as it would be laborious. Even to pursue its
north-western lonte among Euiopean nations, from
Calcutta to the ll'iian E npire from Constantino-
ple to Great Britain : or to follow its. Hungarian or
Austrian operations, or its Prussian devastations,
would be equally useless and unavailing. Suffice it
to say, that after a rapid flight of about three thousand
miles, the rapacious monster alighted, and for the first
time in America, exhibited hideous lineaments of his
ghastly visage, pre para lory .to commencing his desulto-
ry and frightful march through our otherwise health-
ful and happy country. Two days afterwards, it ap-
peared at Montreal, one hundred and eighty miles
Without condescending to notice the intervening
towns and villages, after fourteen days intermission, its
next fell swoop was upon the city of New York.
Three davssuhsecpiently.it assailed'the Dellevue Alms
house, with the utmost violence, and. m six days af
terwards, by a speciesof retrogressive movement, reach-
ed the city of Albany, o-i the Hudson liver, one hun
dred and eighty miles abovo 7ev York.
ileal thy ! climate, I suppose?"
""H'ialthy. it ain't anything else?
xes and between you and me thats the only
-way a man can die in that blessed land'
"Why stranger, you
dhoose there any climate you like hot or cold and
that without travelliu' more than 15 minutes. Jest
think cy that the next cold morniu' when you git out
o' lYcd. There's a mountain theie the Sowyer rlov-
d:ty. they call it with a valley on each side of it
the one hot and the tother cold. Well, git on the top
of that nnuntain with a double-barrelled gun, and
von can without movin'. kill either summer or winter
igit:j just as you will.
! ?What ! have you ever tried it?:'
-sT'-K'Tried it ! often and should have done pretty
ta4i'. but forjone thing."'
iiic average cost ot transporting the mails, taking
iii-itc: iti"-iiiL-i . i iiil llll IIH Kit' fr.iito -. . T7-
-- " '1 -- wvn,o pci'-JHilK
1 tie average cost ot transportation in all monW
JiiVsilVvaUwashat . ' " .
xtensively c'l wanted a dog that 'idoiiIcI stand both clfmatgs?
iatelyrbnt i The last dog I had froze aff Install while pintin' on
.abounded, and not only in the cities immed
'in all the circirmjicent countiy. " ' j tlsc summer-side. ' lie did nofget entirely' out of the
2. That not only those who were attacked with'! winter side, you see. Trew as you live !?
these diseases, but almost ei'ery inhabitant of such MrffHnTsloped. Albany Argus.
cities were nlFectuu with gastric and intestinal irrita- mrTf,"Drnn"un7 ppnTvoi t?t?
tions, and (hat thev ail .appeared to suffer from the T f lc PluU fV SANTA r
nresence of some novel r,ni nvfrnnrrlin.-iru infin,W1 I" fie Senate of the United States, on hie loth ol
This fact was noticed by Dis Rhinelander and Dii If comber last, Tvlr. Benton, of 3nssouri, presented the
Kay, when delegated by the citv of New York to itf- j snowing ppiition. purporting to ne irom ine peopie oi
vesligats uie nature character, aiicipeculitirilies of Cho-i Ny"r sco in Convention assembled :
lera. on its first appearance in Canada. We aKo had I ,We, lbe. peoplcof New Mexico, respectfully peti-
i moiancnoly opporlumty ol witnessing it during Uie lion Congress for the speedy organization, by law. of
a piritori.il government for us.
We respectfully petition Congress to grant us' a go-
vernment pniely civil in its character.
W respectfully leprescnt that the organic and stat-
id agent; universally applied, and oho which" could j rde laws promulgated by authority of the United
ave been transrilitted, in so'short an'icc of lime, and ! States. September 2-2d:-I S46, fo"r the temporary civil
so generally, by no other agent tiuin- the atmosphere J government of New'fdoxico, a copy of which is des-
"which we respired. palchijd, with some few alterations, would be acccpta-
3. Thartt has appeared at the same tlhie at places so hie to. us.
remotely distant from each other, 1hat intercourse be-1 ' W'" decire the following offices to be filled by ap-
tvecn thejn. sp as. to havepropag,tted,it by contact, 'pointmerit of the President of the United States, by
was impossible : as, for instance, along the bo.undless j and with-ihe advice and consent of the Senate : Go-
windnigs of the'aliissippi. ' ' vernor. Secretary of State, United States Marshal. Unit
ed S'ates Dist net Attorney, and judges:
We dosiie to ii ve hll the usual rights of appeal
from uV courts of this Territory to the Supreme Court
of the United States.
taming the disease, have 'daily landed, have in many t We respectfully but firmly protest against tho.dis-
4. That villages near to,mid in constant intercourse
with Lowns where the disease prevailed, frequently es-
caped, whilst olheis, more remote, have ben desolated.
5. That settlements. at which .steamboats, often con-
mstances escaped its ravages.
6. That lowns and villages in the interior have been
laid wast, while lhoe on the highways have enjoyed
7. That vessels have a: rived at,varions,places from
ports where the Cholera lias been known f uxiat in a
mniignanl form, and-uo disease hasJbiiowed their ai rival.
pitals, have, wheielhe ChoJeiajias Jeendcnown to bo.
generally escaped, as wejl as iho-e that have been em
membermenr of our territory in favor of Texas, or
for any catise.
We do not desire lo have domestic slavery within
our bosders: ttnd. until the time shall arrive for our
admission into the Union as a Stale, we desire to be
firtftccfed by dThgress against their introduction
We desire a local legislature, such as is prescribed
y. That physicians, nurses, and attendants in hos- fin jhe laws of New Mexico, September 22, 1S16. sub
ject lo the usual acls of Congress,
we desue that our interests may be represented by
ployed to wash and purify the'beddmgand apartment '.i dekvatc. who is to be entitled to have a seat upon
of persons who have died of the GholeVa. " the" floor of the Congress of the United States.
9. Thai throughout the world.' wherever Cholera
has prevailed, cases were constantly occurring where-
iin no connexion with any souice of contagion could
. If). That no instance of a medical man's convey-
ing the disease to or fiom his patients, has ever been
11. That its enhance into and depaituie from a ci-
ty, has been entirely different fiom those of other dis-
In consideration of the fact that 'Si'w Mexico con-
tains from 75,000 to 100,000 souls, we believe that we
have made no unreasonable lequet: and we confi-
dent! rely upon Congress to provide for us laws as li-
beral as any enjoyed by any of the Terrritoiies.
(Signed.) ' ' JOSE MARTINEZ.
J. M. GlDDIXGS,
Secretary, and others.
On the motion of Mr. Benton to print the petition,
leases, which are known to he contagious Cholera ar- the. vote of the Senate stoid ai follows :
ruviug suddenly and depasting precipitately
12. Ship1; after leaving healthy poits, have sudden-
ly been overwhelmed by Cholera, at a remote distance
fiom any land, which could only have resulted from
their coming in contact with an atmosphere imprenat-
-ed with the causes of the disease.
13. And lastly, that sanatory cordons and quaran-
tine legulaiions. which positively arrest and control
the direction and progress ol diseases which are known
Yi:as Messts. Allen oi Ohio, Atchison of Missou-
ri, Atlieiton of New Hampshire, Jiudsrcr of Noith
Carolina. Bildiciu of Connecticut. Benton of Missou-
ii. Bradbury of Maine, Breese of Illinois, Butler of
South Carolina, Cameron of Pennsylvania, CltirLc
of Rhode Wand, Clayton of Delaware, Corw'ui of
Ohio. Dayton of New Jeiey, Dickinson of New
Yoik, Di' of New York, Didg of Wisconsin. Dou-
glass of Illinois 1-Vlch of Michigan, Fitzeiald of
to na cowagi ins. nave neon peiirctiy unavailing m in- Michigan. Ilile of New Hampshire. Hamlin of Maine.
lerrupling the onwaid maicli of this feil destroyer. ' Johnson of Maryland. Johnson of Louioiana, IL-t-
From all the above ccusideiatious we may conclude clfe of Kentucky. Miller of New Jersey, Niles of
that the Cholera, is transmuted by almopheric air 1 Connecticut. Pa tree of Maryland. Soman' of De.!:i-
alone. and liiKt it is not contagious.
Cli:iti: of ( 'aufo.ixi a. Dan Marble, who has
ware, S'tirgeon of Pennsylvania, Underwood of Ken-
lucky, Upham of Vermont, and Walker of Wiscon
aetling ho'd of the latest news, litis the very last that ! r. "rs-J3crrien of Georg.a Borland of Ancansas,
it is p mLIc to get from the. new El Doralo. and which ! ho!,n ?' S,!".,h ''"'';: . "' of Mississippi,
of course tendsstill further to enhance the attention of , ,,!f l Fi'pahick of Alabama, l-oote
that wondcifni reon " of "ssis?ippi, Houston of I exits, Hunter of Virginia.
Marble was in fusion the other day. and sirollin- Kl"? of Alabama Rusk of Teyas, Turney of Ten-
along the wharves, when he met a tall ' o-;,,n looking I "pqse ' ' esicolt of L ,ond,, a,,d ' ulee of b 'Orida
figuie, whose sun burnt countenance, and tailored
p-irti-colorcd garment, origiua'ly of the most outland-
ish fashion, had that pictmesqueness about the.n de-
The twenty-seventh of July is generally stated by ' rived on'y frm the long-continued exposure to theal-i
Moai: Gold Ni:w Mr:xico. Col. Eanry, of the
Topographical Engineers, in his report of the expedi-
i 7: ,. . rj.;i i,ara., . ' .t i -I i - . . i i ' i i r i . . i i , tion wesiwaid irom tne mountairisot iew .uoxico.aiong
nmi um u eoinmenee.fi in lluit ctr hmha ll.-wi.ro nimt.-icc - ' i . . .
Hy.vw....w x .., , ....v.t tllll'.VO ...i 1 o
twenty-seven days lor Hie progress ol the disease thi
ther from New York, a distance of about eighty-five ' to
miles. Washington City and Baltimore may be stid. h
in a great degree, to have terminated its career at that ; you from ?
time in a southern and south western duection.
.... cro m ;jt if''ir:il nninJs; on his lvmln 'I on liilsowimr
u.v.i. who never permits the lack of an introduction T . .i ..:",. .i.i .: -:. ...f i. ;,. ;. .i"
inierfere when he desires to form art acquaintance, i ,,,,,. ; . .,,i ;,', ,.., ,t,....-j .: .u ,u
11,1 , , n it i- 1 i iltl. IO imv;ir.-iiiii.iiin.i nil uui mill! 11 mit. . iiJ llji"
tilled the stranger ' Halloo ! my friend, whare are ! ,. ' .i, -n?.... a ... ,u ... :
, - . -i .J.. -i tl V liUU. II1U 1 liUlULUIUCiU HVil 1IIMII IIIU IIIUUIIUWII.N
fr.l-rlif nA rt mA lie: criM'lj !!. :icl lr m full rC
The I :::Jes' from Caleforny. stranger." ,.-" ,"!,., i" .. , i.. i i .a
c .!. A ty - . a i i i i ii t ... i;ii win-mil's iiii-im. i iuu uuu-Hiiiina viiun.-tui;iii-u
progress of ihe disoase n Canada, so Jar as we are en-1 -Ah, ..meed ! m,d you can tell us then wnelher its lhh . innli f bMvp - waN,ied je s im!s M If ht
abled lo trace its dest.udliveiotde, was fiom Qt.ebec, all true about Jhal sold?' somewhat axiOusly niter-j whcn ,h hnt,u Jld wcri. lic,lIv. H.wTuded for
asrondiiiffUieSi , the.r trouble. Te:nPted by their sueeess. thev made a
and spreading dismay and confusion am-.ng her peace-, J rem as yon ire ! and a darned s,sht morc-for j ;md u.(Me n(l,c.pd and mfst of t,m kiUed
ful and fiounshmg villages, until it reached .he sho.es no man out ?l ( a leiorny raally does hvc- ,h h y M mnorilv lop- llIS stncmcnt Fs
of Lake Ontario: thence desolating the holders of. Then wny did you come back?- 'j Landreau. who, though 'an illiterate man, is truthful.-
Lake Eriy it hurried to Dctioif, and subsequenlly ( tr Back .l why Jo get my family. Fact is, stranger, a i .
' POST-OFFICE STATISTICS.
From the tables accompanying the annual Report
of the Postmaster General, we take the fb!lo;wiu--iems:
exclusive of steamboats and rail roads, is thirteen 'and
a lialj cents per mile.
3. The average cost of transposition, in steamboats
is sic cpn is per mile.
4. The average cost of transport at ion by Rail" Roads
is thirteen and a half cents per mile.
5. If the cost of transportation by Rail Roads were
at the same rate as by other modes, (and the uniform
result of the substitution of steam boats and rail roads
for nthor i-i'ir!ic? rvt r -i---i-.-..r.. t, I
"- -""" "i L.f.mjj-aiiw, iiui ueea m an cases.
f-.-n.r,t it-..-.t r.I... ..-! 7 .'. ,
lL-' - " ' Hl10110" jn the. prices
jAuugSfe.i'11! ireigni; wienue;ct .or transportation
the past year would have been 1,966,215, inslead'
$i.&i.i,tvj, nemg a difference of 428.485.
jjepuiy i'ost masters,
Bfc.- . - .180
". a-. '- ;:
The immense-masof "business performed "m the
office of the Postoffice Auditor, may be imagined from
the following statement of ilie mimhor nf 'nnn.-
.vj"- "- 'ULuiiuia,
'&c, during'lhe laVhscal year : "
The number of. quarto ly accounts of Post-
masleis examinecl. was
tors examined, was
- . 9;68S
errors discovered nnr7 rnr.
rected in former accounts, was " ' ,S 979
J-j"- ". , l"eis and packets received, S'J,825
' ., " " :'- ' " sent; ; .63,011
An id-a'may be lorrhed of the. immense numberof
letteis.and packets received and sent by reflect ino-
that they averaged four hundred and ninety for every
day in the year except Sundays.
r ,nETvi,?.ul;DE?.0p AlmR A corresponrent orone
of' the Pmiadeipnia papers, who lived in the same
neighborhood, in Virginia, with Eppes.at the time of
the murdei of Muir, reper.ts the followino- particulars
of the transaction E.it will be recollected by most of
onrreadeis, was arrested in Texas, more-than a year
after the murder, and paid t he-just penalty of the dr'ead-
lul ciime of which he was guilty two years after i's
lupins an 1 Muir were'neigiibors and friends - becn-
pytng the highest position society. TheTalter was
a young man fuil of promise and hope; handsome and
accomplished, and was ahont-to"' offer his hand and
heart to the lovely daughter of his destroyer. He held
a bond against Eppes for a few hundred dollars and
was on a visitto collect the amount, at the reaiiestof
Eppes, who signified his wish to pay h. At tins visit
Eppes proposed a lideand a hunt "for deer, for" an
hour or two and then return lo dinner. This was
agreed to ; and when separated for a ew momcls in a
quiet and secluded spot, the fatal shot was given.
When Muir fell. Epos approached him.and found him
living and under the impression that the shot was ac-
cidenfa". But seeing Eppes deliberately reloading his
jV.iu he became alarmed and inquired if" he intended to
kill him. Eppes rep'icd he did. lie told Eppes that if
it was money he desired he might have the bond only
spare hh lite. He then pulled off his watch, handed to
Eppes. with a rerpicri to izive it to his sister, and prepar-
ed for his approichiug end. '
It was then that Muir summoned him to meet him
at the bar of God. as alluded to in the confession ---
I'jppes stood by calmly listening to his appeals and
with the heart of a demon deliberately shot him a wain
asjd plundered him of the bond and va-uables about his
jjui3u,j. x ins iauu waicn. accustomed to
ting hours of lime, disclosed the awful deed. It was
found a few weeks after at a jewel lei's shop in Peters-
burg, where it had been sold by (he murderer. A con-
nection of Eppe's accidentally heaiing of this imrnedi-
ately despatched a negro man upon ahorse to inform
Eppes ol the discovery.
The poor negro, faithful to his trust, but fatal to the
house, arrived before the messenger of law. and Eppes
escaped, ilis escape was only for a time. 'That silent
monitor within would not be still, and Texas, though
far distant, was not far enough to hide him from the
vengeance of the law.
Dn. W vtts ox DANCi:ccT-Sha!l Ispeak of dancino-
as a modish accomplishment of both sexes, i confess'
1 1 now no evil in it. Til is is also a heal rh fu 1 nwr.;,0
and u gives young persons a decent manner of appear-
ance in company. It may be profitable to some o-0od
jfurpnves-. if n be well guarded against all the a fuses,
and temptations that may attend it. It was nsnrt r
old in sacred and civil rsjoichisrs. Exodus xv oj
22; 11. Samuel vi. 11; 1. Samuel xviii 6 "it
is certainly an advantage to have the body formed
early !p graceful motion, to which the art of dancing-
may contribute. Post. '
Qn.ii.ir; of the Cnomn v. Mr.-ReilL an rM
respectable resident of New Y,,rk, states that- in ISo
he discovored that the origin of the cholera is tho ;
halation of an insect so minute as to-be scarcely visib-
le the naked eye. He says that when the cholori ''
took up its line of march by Lake Supeiior to the man there gets so powerful lich that he becomes cov- CunvToBvcco. The" Mobile papers acknowledge
Mississippi, and thence to ihe'Missoun : when, after clous of himself and if die amt very kcerful. will cm ! the receipt of rule cigars! made of tobacco grown m die
an inauspicious calm, hill ot dQuI)t, suspense, and anx.- Ins own thioai to rob himself. The loot of al! evil, vicinity of that ctty fiom the host Cuba seed.-- The . , -
ietytothe inhabitants it suddcnfyj'swept.jn onpsim- you know there's a leetle too much of it, and I left planter. (Job Ii. D. Jaine, has made thieo consecutive Ad the Kouigsberg Silver Mines in Norw v
nlfaneous and deadly tempest", from Yhc 'mountains to for a while partly on that account." .- - j crops with ihe-most encouraging success. The plant masses of pure native silver have "recently bcerff 1
the Gulfof Mexico ' " . r: Oh; you did, eh - v ,- ! grows well and Uiolcafis large, solid and flnnly Ilivoredr weighing together 614-1 bs. ' c-nioimt.
in a place, the existence ot those insects may be Proverl
by ureas.ng a cloth, or a person's armrand wnrino-them
in the air, wucn the insects wall stick: to it, and riV.t-
then ba examined. , ' v ,j
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 3, Ed. 1, Saturday, February 10, 1849, newspaper, February 10, 1849; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48385/m1/1/: accessed June 28, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.