The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 17, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 19, 1849 Page: 2 of 4
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! Pecos is the pi oper name ol this lorlc, jhougli sometimes called
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.- DAY, MAY 19, 1519
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ior Xrieulenant Governor,
COL. JOHN A- GREER.
ior Member of -Congress Western District
- " GOL. VOLNET E. 1I0WAUI).
For Commissioner of the General Lamlojjicc.
HON. GEOR.GE W. SMYTH.
Wo hne plnccd at tliu Iicad of our columns, die names of snernl
distinguislied citizens n cmididato- for ilie olHccs of Gotrrnor, Licm.
Govcranr, Member of Congress, andCommissioner of the Geiiora
Land Office. We have done ao as indicalio of tlio preference we cn-
'teriain fcr ihcm as gentlemen eminently qualified for the respective
citations for which they have been nominated. We do not now pro-
pose to discuss their claiins to public acceptance and support. We
4aro entirely satisfied they arc ' good men and true," aid that any
rust.commilled to them will be discharged with a faithful and patri
otic devotion to the interests of the people at largo, irrespective of
private or local prejudices. IVe are free io stale that tee judge' no
man's UUc to confidence by the fortuitous circumstance of his resi-
dence in any particular county or section of the Slate. Wo are all
mpmbers of the same body politic, and equally interested in the gen-
eral welfare- We look iherefoi e only to thp selection of such men
as in our judgment will best -securn the harmony and promote the
prosperity of tbe whole people. This condition we think is fulfilled
in i ho well tested and widely acknowledged merits and qualifications
of those wohavo named. They will neer be found wanting wherp
the right3 a;jd honor of the State, or the interests of the people are
concerned. We can reasonably ask no more.
. 'SANTA FE AND ADJACENT COUNTRY.
"We have been at some pains to acquire a correct description of
the Texian possessions north of EI Paso, and particularly of Santa
Fe and its environs.
A description of Santa Jj'e is a description of any other Mexican
mud built town. When the traveller reaches such an one, with his
memory filled with associations of green lawns and village spires,
new frames and Mcne chimneys, white wash and rail lences, the
sight of adoocburgh is unightty, and is unfavorably judged of. By
such a contrast each adobe building seems to sink into a"brick-kiln,
and the whole town seems one vast brick-yard, without form, shape,
and void of everything urban. Anigher approach is more sat is-
factery the plaza, the porticoes and bhaded streets, the din of voic-
es, the jingle of money, the gaudy, -showy shelves oi the slores, and
the novel garb and general newness of everything, attract our at-
tention, and aid greatly in removing the first disagreeableimpression.
Pass over'the threshold, and milch to your surprise you find you r-
i self in a coolcomfortable, quaintly furnished room, far superior
to anythingyoitjooked for, and greeted with a debonair hospitality,
and courtesy, butliuje anticipated, and which is a most attractive
- feature of the Mexican-country.
Santa Fe is a Mexican town ereu yet, but the American innova-
tions are fast modelling it into'a town built after our oxn taste or ge-
nius,in which the old style prevails and gives it shape. Its population
may be set down at six thousand say 4000 villcrosr Creoles. 10 '0
Mexicans, floating-population, and SCO or lflOO AmeriVonand for-
eigners not Mexican. To this may be added the militaryrmjij;
is only a random estimate. None other can be made, because at this
time the events of the last few months will, and no doubt have, made
a difference in its population, which no one can arrivp at, unless lie
be upon thespot. The villcros or Creoles are, as a class, inferior to
the Southern Mexican less pure in their descent, and more dibo-
'"!ulein Their morals. Santa Fe, like almost all Jhe other frontier
towns of Mestco similarly situated, is composed of rough, uncouth,
and immoral social ingredients, the few honorable exceptions shin-
ing the more brightly, like star, in the general darkness. But this
state of society Is rapidly passing away, another and more enlight-
enodjrave of emigration 1sfiogangjg it, and he who visits it now,
will findlewvif any, of the objertionswhich aycaVngo .u -u ttf
The floating Mexican popul?tion i composed of thoe who have
been attracted there from the South by commerce, and the profce-
ness of money which is to be found there, with a goodly sprinkling
of political and other refugees from the powers that be in the Slales
4 Santa Fe heretofore has been a flourishing city, from being the
Ultima Thule of American commerce overland ; in fact, its entile
prosperitv has been from this caue, for without it the mines would
liave remained to this day an undisputed part of the Apaches' hen-
nage, common with a score "of-tnore of other equally as-valuable
-vlaccrs. Even now tbey are poolly workejl, and more poorly man-
aged. :Now that the boundary of Mexico, orth, has been changed,
-much of this trade will be lost, axuUte point to which the Mexicans
-will drive their four wheeled caravans, wOT reach to San Lucas, a
.distance of twelve hundred miles from Inojpendence, Mo., and five
hundred fiom here. San Lucas is a town recently sprung up as by
commercial enchantment, immediately oppositeEl Paso. StUl San-
ta Fe would have its mines now to fall back upon, which alone would
keep up its position underthe recent changes for its welfare, but the
mJoriinn to it from the United States on account of the high repute
,it has heretoforeheld as a moneyed town, and ibe moving cities of
. . a .ii . .L-...-K : n.ii hnih mr enmo
alifornia emigrants which win pas imuugu n, u-.u,..
ars, aid greatly in keeping It up, if thej do not give U a new im
tus.and a greater one than it has ever yei iwu.
he mineral wealth of New Mexico, in goiu aau v, . j
t but not sufficiently known to enable us to give any siaicmem
a nmhrc Tint nnrlion ol iNew tuexicu wun.ii iu.v..0 , ...
T-ras is of itself the possessor of enormous in amount but untold
wealth. There is only enough known to stimulate investigation,
J ... i. . ,r-,rr,nt tbf nrwiracv ot anv estimate. Zinc, cop-
i,.i ; ni mnrbV. and nine forests are also found in mo.;
of those mountain ranges, where gold and silver abound, but the
much dreaded yell of the Apache has left the whole expanse oi the
country, not immediately along the main roads, a icrra xncognila-
a Tirabuctoo for fulnre adventurers to expiuic -i.. - """-"'
washingj, shall have become what the Brazilian discoveries
became, and the rush.hallsob. itself down to ale:
-than-the present Pcny acquiring forgn-
dayWhatishercaidof less coal fron,
Vfor-the entire way down to El P Pc' "rti
'aD aJ I' f .he agricultural capacity of the country is
jxii uioi .-- . , leadinc from San'a Fe lhro'-rn
.confinedalso to the main highway icaaingi i03 w
' rinnB .o "Rnnt's Fort on the Arkansas, lau . -
dirty stream in Mexico. TheoiTieFmain fork of the Rio
G-ande ri5 in the Tao-: mountain, corner down by faanta a e. til-
leen -miles west of the town, receive the tributary on which Santa
Fe.lies, thovRio Chico, and passing on, waters the whole cordon of
;ranckeriz and settlements, on to El Paso, and so down to
about Int. X 21) 30lon. W. 102 -10', wheie it receives the Pecos,
and running on k known to Uie Texian traveller at Mier and Laie-
do as the Rio Grr.r-.lc Before resuming, it may not be useless to
itijc!hdl the Mexican ton presidio is synonimous "with our word
'nation , or sf r..s There-re many presidios, or stations or forts on
the ilio Giande. two of whih are often confounded. One is the
) Presidio dJ Rio Grande, and .station ahon?200 or 230 miles a-
bjve Mier, and Lear the great fallf,iie Rio Grande, and in a S.
E tvt course ft om Chihuahua about 2mit.s. ihe other one is i he
Presidio del Norte, and a station about Duties below El Paso. El
Paso, Paso del Xorte, and the Paso, are. onV;,nd the same place.
To letuin: the environs of Santa Fe are not eft much value to the
farmer. The few spots tillable to advantage need irrigation unre-
mittingly, and arcall occupied h'j a class of beings whosem as apt-
ly to suit the soil, as the soil seems to suit them. With the excep-
lion of the patches thus cultivated, the whole surface of the country
for 20 or25 miles is ptrched, barren, dry,jind arid.- Th-"-- -'J-sctllpmenls,
extending doWro Albuqueique. comprise lmny pretty
town sites, and mnch goo 1 soil, for gardens, fields and vineyards,
and well adapted for-grazing and farming, and quite well timbered.
This region is very extensively cultivated, antf the products corn,
wheat, barley, beans, grapes, fruits and vegetables supply the San-
ta Fe markets at good prices. The same remarks apply to the siring
of settlements above Santa Fe, and on the Taos road. . From Izlopez,
the last settlement in the siring of towns between Santa Fe and El
Paso, and bslween it and Fra Cris'oval, or the opening to tbeJor-
nada, or Dry Desert, there is a yast amount of good valley ana up-
land soil, fairly limbered, and at p.resenl entirely unoccupied. Ap-
parently the bottom land is not subject to freshets. After crossing
the Jornada or desert, which is a high, dry, arid table-land prairie,
you reach ths bottom, which at Dofitna is very fertile, and which
carries 3'ou to the very skirts of E! Pao. From the town of Dufin.
na to El Paso is sixty miles, much of the land, however, is covered
by valid Spanish and Mexican grants. Sheep are raised in im-
mense flocks. Callie are scarce, and horses and mules are, also,
owing to the invasions by the Apaches; swine are also scarce from
some cause, and consequently command a high price. .
The following is an imperfect list of the towns on the Texian side
oflhe river. Fully as many ate in the U. S. territory on the opposite
bank. For convenience they are divided into three classes. The
first comprising those containing one thousand souls and over, the
second those under one thousand.souls, andlhe'third class pueblos, or
Indian towns. First Class Santa Fe, population. G000; Taos
2000; Albuquerque, 1C00; Valencia, 1000; Douina, 1003; San
Lucas, 1030. Second Class Canada, pop. 100; L?mbudo. 200;
Moras, ; Arroyo n on do, 230; Bemadillo, 300; Vegas, 230; Pla-
cer, 230; Perallo,400; Tome, 250; Casa Colorada, 100; Joya, 300.
Sabrina, 500; Parida, 350 ; Izlopez, ana others, 250 ; Tocolo'e, 230J
Susano, 150; Anton Chico, ; San Miguel. Tihicd Cuss Pr-
eblo de Taos, and the environs, pop. 3000 ; Moro, 100; Pecos, 309 ;
San Domingo. 350 ; Ildefonso, ; Santa Clara, ; San-Ha, 500 ;
Manzano, ; Eritainez, ; Ocate, ; Fernando, 200; Sun
Juan, 300; Seneca, 400, Lleta, 400.
Ye regret that we were unable to obtain a copy of Dr Yislezo-
nus' book, as then we could have made this sketch of the couti'ry
more complete. The following extract from Col. Benton's speech
is to the point:
These gold indications cover mare than two thousand miles.
Thev arc in New Mexico on ihe watets ot the Middle Color;
on the mountains between tiie Rio del Norte and the Rio Color
in i. sierra Nevada; and in the prolongations of that mou
both norn. -md south.
In New MSxwo. ihe gold and mineral region is described as
was making an explor.uT-crl"WrevheJ, the a3djixAaTct5Wt5l?ft
out, ana viiose worir ms oeen piTiAiy-M order ot the Senate, r
read an extract from him : . :
" The mountainous parts of New Mexico are very rich in gold?
copper, iron, anu some nver.
v ' I
.The Telegraph hasa longarliclein its columns inlhelastpumbsr
abouL-m In'dian attack on the dragoons loss of horses a monster
savage cutting a halter from a horse aruh raidc fujsU Indian,
&.c,&c. Pi etty goo'd headings for a leading article in these times
of irregu'ar mails; but alas I for Ihe "cacoetJsIiorridjts," ncta word !
of truth is there in the rumor which reached that paper.
There has been no attack of Indians on the dragoons neighbor
Moore, "ior have any of their horses been stolen nor is it likely that
the savjges will ever make such an afack as the one represented;
if the.' should, the' will hear-from and feel "the enterprising Com-
mander of the diagoonsat his post," long before the foreshadowing;,
of rnmors can reach distant newspapers, or their editors find time to
indulge in uncalled forsuestions about-the duties of others.
The Sin AuguMiup Union notices tl.o fact thai Cl Grccr has l-ccn
solicited from arims quarters to become a candidato fur Governor;
but that nch calle hid been made without any "countenance or assur-
ance fiom him that he would acccde.to them. He i content with the
lifhcf he now hold-, and has never indicated any intention of coming
forward for that of Governor. lie is one of those who would be the
last to di'.idr- and distract the energies of the groat Democratic pir
ty to which lie has ever been attached. We sec in this cnur-o on his
paita ili-intrrpstcdnes and a sejf sacrificin? spirit. which challenjrs
nr respect, and entitles him to the thanks of every SoiI Democrat.
-t Col Greer can and ill be elected Lieut. Governor, no one of
wlitcli ve j,avc nny knowlcdso entertains the leist doubt.
7a iiivnit cosvuNrrox.
P""iic1' Ms v-eek, the proceedings of the Con ventinu hi'Jd rt
La Gmugu, t apt measures to secure the navigation of the Colorj-
lio in or. e "'j,.;- jj,c nltention of our readers .o thr matter, and
would rccommetjj a meclins of tho citizens io be h.-Id for the pur-
pose ot cirrjiiurjjj,,, sg,,SI;0IW therein cintained, ,r:d f :r tlie
appointment of trjTsteei5and Commissioners at as early a period a,
will be compatible fW;th thc rcl(lrn of our ,iePn,c," tVom lha ta
Grange Convention Lf Avl)Jch (iue wil bo ;v'en ;., our ncs or
by public n nice tl, h (1e coun:rv
iF THE COLORADO NAVIGATION"
i- jK? -?3fcr vjiiiiiNUtii. (
gs3i3Ws jlegates appointed by the sever;.! counties
- aue into coiiMajrauo:i ute prac;ci .dmii" o:
10m s.:id river, and placing it in a con-
ivigated, met in the town of La Grange
porarily organized, and the delegates
lied 1 ravis, uasirop, t.tyetie ami
the delegates from wnartuti and
gales riot- .
to dr -
mc c -'"M
.illBK it J&m
fc . uSI
x m feorne
9r. ifred, ;
ttjul the d
that the conventicn adjourn until to-
A --gick, m order to give tune to theiiclc-
IlltUtUIJ IU lUIIVC, 111 HM4 111.) u-. u-
fc-inse, from being present, muiion
Tuksdvt iJort'ivn, iv .-v. im.
t to adjournment, and was- regul.trlv
?r?2?Hu:ijngculled to the ch nr, and
a order. -
:'ob and A J. Hamilton.
Ilauleinan. Philip Claiborne.
Dancy, J. L Cox, .James S. Mnyfield,
ead Caiter, one absent,
a committee be appointed by the chair,
Dl'itions expressive of the seuss of the
ssrs.'A. J. fclamiltoa, J. W. Danrj,.
and A. Caiter, were appointed said
nd after a few hours deliberation, re-
le and resotu.ioris:
iitegttes Irom the counties of "Wharton
us in cutiven.ion, as was expected ;
greatest lmporitince, mat tiie cnizoii ol
U I1V.I SUUUMl UCl 111 CUIICCll, in le-
vigalion ot saiu river;
hii convenliou mjei t Columbus
r--itO'iTwJV?s'Hl -audih.it all tue couuie- oa trre
Colorado rtver, and all the attjacent counties vv'u.m itcrau uo;rel
in the n.ivigitou of said nver, be requested to setu delegai.es to
meet us in s nd convention, to adopt some plan upon which ail c m
arri- to render tne Colorado nvei navigable lor stcam-bjats into
Gold seems to b found to a l.irs-e T Matairurda b.v; at which time and place alt aieearne.-ly requested
extent in all the mountains near Santa Fe; south of it, in a distance io be lepreseuted, in oider thaftheie may be harmony and unity of
of about one hundred miles, as far as Grand Quivira, and north for action.
abut one hundred an 1 twenty miles, up to tlie river Sangre def 2nd. EesJvcd, furtlier, That we recommend that each county
CrNto. Throughout this vlrty region, gold dust has been abu- P-iiuated on the Colorado riter af point i j iriulees, for ihe purpose
itVi.b.aiuuiff subscriptions to retuovn ihe ob.ruct;oas lo Iheuavjsa-
to proceed io tt
other routes pro-
t . -.-r-.rl11 if IT Ii A.lktlM tlfw f t nMI 111 I 'ulrif ..I.. ......
. " . . . I 1 Till- Sfl-lll till 1W 1VV V LUUJ-U llv" 14t I11L. VUIUIlllltl I ri
are worked there. They are so r as myirnoweage extends the pov" -ral ;,, M4taj,ortia bay, report to the convention to be
onlv sold mines v-onrea now ... iu mc . u.. ...u ilu s.iyer -. , , llInmi,Uj5 oll uie imrd Motidav of J
- " . i. .:-.. .l-.,.l . A.--, it f.ri:il... ..- 1 r-
mines Were, ill opailisil inno, uim i w, n vj-i.ih. .uiu m
the Nambe mountains, but none at present. Copper is found in
abundance throughout the conntry, but principally at L.s Tijeras,
Jema, Abiquin, Guadelnpita de Mora, &c. I heard of but one
copper mine woiked at present m h of the placers. Iron, though
alsoahundantlv found, i entirely ovei looked. Cnal has ben dis-
covered in different localirics, as in the 11 Hon mountains, near the
village of Jemez, south-we.l ot bania i, in a place son. not tlie
placers &c. Gypsum, common and Selen.'te, are found in large
mnntiiies in Me.ico; most extensive layer, of iL I understand, ex-
. .. , MV,vmueroue, vaicu
h Algouones.-o-'"" ;
i, and the roule
., . :onl tlie oravo, ui - i j.,;n
cm Vjnn n WCMClii uvv. . u ....
- -- . '
from Santa Fe to ilPasoinrou0..r. Calirornia irom
cia, Parida, Islopez, and Donana anu u - Grandej or Dd J larges
ist in the mountains near Algodones, on tiie., Rio del Norte, and in.
the neighborhood of the celebrated Salinas." It i-, n-eJ as com-
mon lime for whitewashing, and the chrystallineor selenile instead
of window-glass. Ab-tit four davs' travelling (probibly one hnn-
drert miles) south-west of Santa Fe, on ihe high hble ?nd between
the Rio del Norte and Pecos are some extensive mil lak:s, or "52-
linas," from which all the salt (muriate of soaa) nsed in New Mex-
ico Is procured. Large caravans go there ever)' year from Sinta
Fe in the diy season, r-hd return witli as muchas ihey can trans-
port. They exchange, generally, one bushel of salt for one of In-
dian corn, or sell it for one nr even two dollars a bushel.
" The annual production of gold in the two phjers, seems to varv
considerably. In some vears it was esimnted front 330,003 to $10-
000. in others, from ?JdO,0 0 to $30,000, and in tie laiter years even
as hih as3250,000 per annum." --
Hunters and traders who have been on the slopes of tlie mount-
ains which divide the waters ol the del Norte fiom the Colorado of
n e West, say gold is found on the western flmk of all thai long
nd're and especially on the parts of it called Sierra Mimbies,
Siern Grulla, and Sierra Acha.
Mr. Dana, wh 1 Avas geologsit to Captiin Wilke's e .plorin? ex-
pedition, and who examined the country bstween ihe censt range
and the Cascade ranue of mountiins- found the gold-barin rocks,
'asrgeologis's call them, on the Umpqtia, the Shastl, and the Tl .-
math rivers, and at the head of tin S icramento valley. He did
not visit the Sierra Nevada, but said there was sold yet to be dis-
covered in the Sicr men'o v illey. It has ben discovered, and no
onar-iu-tcU wlierc1t4$tp end. The Sierra Nevada is six hundred
miles lond, ten or twelve thousand feet hish. and h is a slope of from
f forty to seventy miles; and nil this sterns 10 b an auriferous re-
gun. Soutii ot .he aierra Ne-ndaare prolongations ol ihe same
chain and of the same character, amTivnow'n to possess jjold
The mountainous chain which traverses New Mexico, Califor-nia-JQrp"nn
and Russian America, are a conUnuauin-ULihe An-
des of South America, "rnrs ennm Ytrasirle whole lenuth of the
continents-from Patagonia to Belirings Straits, generally at Ttr"
same distance 150 miles from ihe const of the Pacific and with
the same general vulcanic ami melallifTons characteristics. In
the South American part of this chain, gold predominates; in Mev-
. -crver prevails, and continues as far as Chijiahu 1 ; in New-
Mexico gold becomes predominant again; and las metal continues
into California ; and,.according to the indieatjSyis obsei ved by Mr.
3ana, con'inueslo Oregon. These know rjfiidfcMiinns and aclml
dis.r;,.s of r0.l wrliliin our territorieson. the Ri.t Grande and
alongnr ifi r,n,i nhnrr. two iiifiiisind miles nerhans the
It may not be amiss lo digress n:
here far enough to state that
. ' Nrion in tlvvTH(T."T-ie Oural mountains, now prc-
fKnp9??aoi3raw out twelve hundred miles long, and not
" ;,. .tv fhoiw .ml fpftthieh. Our e-lidtn ol aunterous
nlAP . . . " ri 1. l,--t- !ir innch Ki-rlinrllin
be amiss io aigrc . .erelhc same stream. J" ?- ve' thound fi 'high,
the Rio del Norte, Kto iiravo, nn lhe road to lndepen-J7 " ' , - mJl foUy l0 seventy milcsTV
1 - rri 1 ifiMoukw .."! - r "
At the ouismns 01 iu v.-.-w.. - su' 4jaavsSr,iIB
. -Mi --! i .- . r. fill'ulfrrJ ""."- . Ubl TF5?rt&,,E,f& - I ft
At t,rt rnr-ont snpp.inl elcelioti in Arkansas Col. J. S.
Rnano. tiie democralic candidnle, was electod over the
Rev. C. Y. Wil
The Missisbippian estimates the loss 10 the cotton planters in that
Statcbv lhe late irort, at two hundred thousand bales of cotton.
, HBWi-i3ii mmmmmM''ia M r i ""TiBS8 mii 'miaiiiTn
--. -s ---- BaEPJWcsC-1g-:i:hgSii-i "! ' ' -
; - e M 1 - -
" ,.'i. . -1 11 iii ii ii 11 ad ' r 1 't l " "-fili nitln 'TKjmI!
"C" . mmmmmmmmmmwmmmmmmmmm9mStmmpm92StmmUSmmBKW3Dm
i - -HK'ft-R-&t-U
nt Columbus on lhe itnrd Aionday oi June next, the most suee
dv nraeticjble, and cheapest route to be obtained, as an outlet irom
I I. . 1 ... .. i.lt..f MiV.n.. I... t . 1.1
the Uolorauo rivei 1- mu juh -i -. , ujr hhuis-iu 1 uiy.
V,1. Rcsoli cd, further, Tuit the trustees be requtis.ed .o receive
sub-crtpnon 111 labor as Well as money, tc be subject lo iheij.p.-i
tiott ol Uie convention. ""-
Jth. Resolved, further. That Wm. H. Cushney of Travis, War-
reii Ltrlcetisol 13 isli op, James I. Norton ot FayeMc, and W111..J.
Jones of Colorado, be lequested to act as corresponding secretaries,
1.. .iirrnnnd wilh lhe laiu' -holders on the Colorado, and ascertain
what amount they will subscribe, either in land or loone-, for ren-
dc'riii" the Coloraao nvei iiaviyaoic iui sieaui uis, aim iransrait
all inmortant information obtained by them to iheeouvemton which
is to ineet ai Colu-nbits on lhe Sid Monday in June next; and thai
th counties of Whaion and Matagorda be requested to appoiut
is 1.0 -r.rV.nondin" secretaries ;aud m it said-rjeiaries bi attihar-
;7p,I.io c.ll upon such persons as ihey may Uiiuk
them in their correspondence.
n I resolved, further, That the commissioners appointed by the
resnec-ive counties, to inspect the raft and judge ol the practicability
.7. . '.:.. -r.,,,n,l the same, are respeciively-reqiiesied to meet at
111 ii-;i "" . 1 . "1 . . - t
v . -. x. -.. t Aiiiiui iv 111 inrif i:i'ri i.ir
or near the head ol tne ran, on ui. u. .
the purpose of proceeding to the duties ass.gned ihem.
nu nnlved farther, Tuat Mr. James 1. Norton, secretary of
,hconm Sot&B. the deletes of the river counl.es, ihe
rcsoSon iii relcrenccto th. appoinunentof commissioners to make
reso.uuuii , :.nDres upon them ihe importance ol an
el. Iv meclins, m I;e snch appoiuunenis in all ths counties, in
oroer to ct a complete nndjult lepres.utalion of all lhe counties in
maktnir s lid survey.and report.
-. ..- further. Tuat this convention advise and recom-
llll. .!----, J
irJnd'ihc people ol the several counties interested in this work, to
nHimtth- same form of obligations on the part o! subscribers as
fi?nt rhosn by thcfiiend.ol this great measure m Mat.gorda,
Wharton and"Colorado countte;
8:h. Resolved, further, That t
his convention return their sincere
d hearilelt thliuks to the chairman and secretary of this conven
tion for the able and attentive mauuei m u .. ni-j- ..... i-..--
over the d-ltbarations or this convention, anu uisciiargeu iui-
l,eS!LVe.. further. That the Matagorda and Aot io papers,
inH nil other P tpers in the Slate friendly to the enterprise, o
nes?ed .0 pubPi .E these proceedings in their respective pap, s.
The convention men aiijourite-u, - m.
on lhe third .Monuay .u -uu. ,..Qg n 1RDEMAyt
Jams. I Nobtos., becy.
fc RIVER MRETING 1 W'JSsai'Vr, f
P1- . -, . KetTtn the town of Bastrop
. The citizens ol isairoP ooumy .x (leieSation sent to she Riv-
on lhe 12th inst.to receive lhe rcportj Bjl0 caUed ttrlne
er Vu"' , .Vr 'r niT,.,nl pn pointeid secretary,
chair, and V Lai kens, Lsq.,x 11 . , -tlllreSscd the meet-
P.a.Clabjrn.Usq .""eJ i ji' n able and eloquent
ing on b'nl .of httiue 1 a col 'Jf . and thes.neral
.te1'"?, "Prfvihemembersofthesune. UeihenoBer-
mil i i..0 . , , I..,:,,-- wh eh vvpre uuuiiuiousiv
ed ihe followin
o rv ,
adnR "f.n-(ifihe Couuy of B-strop, no lonjrcr entermining a
son, ilie wl.ig candidnio, and 'WVSSlA- fli. Sg -fop. l,c .iver, nd ol
charge of his dulies us lSsecnlive, s,i n mnnTSSirVs
defeate-d the altemp's which have been made to effect an objecTs
impoirantto the whoie country; now to remedy this evil, and for "thrf
put pose of putting a stop to all future dispute and cavil in refeiencti
to the feasible r.iul prai-nca 'lie plan ot removing tne oDstruetionsttl 3
the river, also to seme harmony and concert wuu an tne Counties
interested in the navigation ot the river, and also to secure an inv
partial ancl, dlsin'ere ted survey and report as to the proper plan ot
- ... - 1 .1 ,.l T . ....
1. Rzsolvcil, qiat alter navsng reaa me preamoie anu resolutions
of the La Grangsipnveniien, on Monday and Tuesday, 7lh and 8th
iast., we heartily-and'cliefrfullvTespond to and adopt the sme,a
being the easiest ap.da-stsntta'bjjan of procuring a united efibrt
upon the part oi 'WjM-Wp"- Knd-ring- the Colotado
River navijjabla for Slei-t-SRj5-3
2. licwlvcd, That this meeting go into the appointment of all
such olfkers as arc recommended by the Conventionat La Grange,
to open Books for Subscriptions, and appoint two gentlemen to pro
ceed at me appointed time totneucanoi uie ran, 10 unue wu
like Commissioners fromthe other counties in making a survey and
repot t, as to lhe most piacticable plan ot operations, &c.
3. RezolveJ. That uoon 4n examination of the plan of receiving
subscriptions adopted by the County of Matagorda, we aJso adopt
thesame, and hereby make ilthe duly of the Commissioners To pur-
suesaid p'syi, tob found in the. Texas Democratf April 21, 18.1.
4. Resolved, That in the opinion of this meeiirig'iUs not only the
duty ol lhe Commissioners appoin'ed to solicit subscriptions, I o take
active steps to get up a proper feeling among the citizen . on thesub-
ject, but th .t they believe it is alike incumbent upon all who destr .
1 speedy navigation of the Colorado River effcciedJo ende?orto; ,
utsre the imnoi tsnee of the project, and elicit as much aid as possible
" .' ... .. J i...r nrr..ii. T:if--,;
la accon'ancc wun tne iorcgoingresomuous, uauui-iuu xm .uu
James El. GilUspic wereappointedTrnstees to receive subscription-
Messrs. F. W. Grasmeyer and Phil. Claiborn were appointed
r-..-;;nnr.- in I'nmsn! ia R.ifratiil ruhpr nhitrilflions.
On motion T. J- Hardeman, Phil. Claiborn, Thomas Hill, P.VVV,
Grasmeyer, D. b". Brown, and Joiin uaiawen were appomiea ji-
vz :tes to the Convention to be held iu Columbus, on the Third Mon
day in June. .
" The said Ttusiees, Commissioners and Delegates were invested
with power to appoint proxies to perform their duties, in the event
of their not b-ings b'e to attend- .
Tbp fn1lnvin- it-o lotion was then adon'ed : Reslvcd, That the.
Counties of Williamson, Burleson, Caldwell, and others eontignon
to, but not IviBtr imme-i: .teiy omine ttivcr, u. cmioui icquesij(
m nnitpjlioiretTuris w'ith oursin the furtheiance of the objeel U
which we have met, as lhe same wi!l be of great advantage to those
counties. . - ,
The Austin and M .tagnrda papers, and all others friendly to the
cause, were then requested to pnblish these proceedfns ,
The meeting tnen antourneu. aun . iu t-yjj
lhe steamship Portland arrived at Galveston from New Orleans
on the 8th, bringing dates to the 6th inst.
The items of commercial news given below are taken from the
Telegraph of the I0.h., and were brought by the Cambria.lhe latest
arrival from Ed rope.
T'he Cambria's news was received at N- Orleans oathe5h Inst.,
that cotton had suffered a decline of . to penny owing to the ili-
r :.:1 --- r-rv iVio oMnrtnfnl thil MnSPfla d2Cine
of I cl in the New Orleans market. Therjripeais tab? some ms
.-!--.r. ii. 1io.-r-.ni1 m .-jnniimipi-a'nrnrCambrta's news. Cuttcn
is said tc hive nnder-one a decline at Liverpool of 5 to 4 d. dnri-Jg
the week endi"" Api il 1 1, and vet tits quotations ior uaim ai.-oj
the same as the'ouoi itiotis by tha Si" )?e- Middling was quotuLtS
.he Liverpool m irk.-t on ihe 1 h at ljd., midanag-lair at j. pgf
Uudson's ifTaTrfi liferent Panorama of the Slississippi,
valued at 830.000, was destroyed with other valuable
property at a destructive fire at Albany, on the ISth ult.
Gen. Henderson was presented by Gen Rusk, on the
part of ex-President Poll:, recently at San AugrfstTne,
with the sword voted him by Congress for his'gallant-
ry at dlonterey. Gen. Henderson declined having any
public ceremony on the occasion of the presentation.
De Cordova's Herald is the title of a new paper
published in the Cityofllouslon by J. DeCordova, Esq.;
well known to the neoDlc of Texas as an enternrisinc
1 o j
Land Agent. The paper is a general ad vtyjjsimr.sheei. J
nnhlKshpn montfilv nf 5l npr nnnnm nnrl tiroll niM
j.V. -.....- ...-. J --- .-,. f . ............ ...,v- .... i-iwvil
luted to dovelope the land interests of Texas.
Gen. Wm. Trousdale has been nominated hy
democrats for-Governor of Tennessee.
Within the past month we have received several
communications devoted to the merits of variuisiu
dividuals, who are and conlemplate being- candidates
for State offices. We hav6 not, nor do weinpnrfpub-1
nsniug mem, uniess tney aumorize us to anunnce tne
names, and comply with our term', $7 h advance
Hir State and District offices, and 85 for Comfy ofiies.
Nor will, we hencefotth announce any cuididjtfe"ibr
office unless the money accompanies the notice like
the editor of the Yazoo nahr. shall confer fhev
-- ;-i-;..-. ..-.t..i. 1, ?: 3.r .- ,e 7?..
-liCJUi-illg, ltlli,-0- inyy UillJM ir5J-KJI-IHak-"- -til.
"Bhw are the names of tfiose who aare died in tJtCIJr n(& ihef
chol.ra su our List. It i-- evident from all wew4n or
tlise ise is on iTrr-tretVine,. most oflhe t treks. wfoffcl, i? Je2
llirpi ilnv h-inr nC n m11.! ..-- r.J...-v ls.y -. r...
ver; St. sudden has b'en ihe change ;h it a u Sbi JrVt''
among our citizens mat tr.e ctiolra cX a fev ilC.Tw, I
and we have no reisin to donb it, entr ot'mni-c, Who- K uerx
u.r.e its former healthy and' businjj1it au-ft ..n4c-re-s ;V
"- t 1 rri 1 "-
LLCiJc 11 iDninin.fv hi ' mm " ' m i'i "
devout lhanKsio itleje Arbi.ea3'"1 Vu-S an 1 inv- -1
M snv, who a few d y sr-rZh- - ' HP 1-Z.l, K 3
lect, have been laid low by ihh sctr , r r i1? i. N
linger underits virulent influence: ; r ? e5ervnvlJ ' g
cinity h .s c-iperieni ed its awl pi r- .. 3 . m ir?-lr ;tIumr, 2
prematurely snitched awiv, witU' V e-'t -v ret?otF "J ?" -.. "4
-tances.-the hi-hest as well ajfeuf ; e-iw ha? tec- it A
tim,-tl,e chrisj .n as well asjf l ?5, ? Jjeh? 3M
A wful has been the calami ' , v-. ? lZl&eU
-one abroad no doub: ox&Mf u. ? WD -SeUSW
Tnnd witnessed the scenes ofetc' 5, .f ..ing ,rv .
tins the last four weeks, wil.Hre - Sftf bem; a-d r
. 1 r .t. :.-..oI.:-Tn"-"- - - lYon. ir " - -.
must puss ---yii. 111c iiiiuic-oiun
c:.:ii v. rira.w fl,jf!(?r
Our last estitnate of dfaths, eV.LVi falls shorrui"- .
,who have died-nmons theMeicanV"ra Vis-vferv do .
a correct account
among us during
M iv 2. Mrs. D. T- Wheeler
.1 u "--w."" ,-s.anu hi-; iHuibrcofdMy5
vUb2 ascertained. .jB.'iTf. shO-f
the prevalence of u!iple;.-M Lnuvtctt -"ppj
YIcv Fowler.; 3 H. Mond irrrrts aj? 't "'-,,.&!
the lower and upper counties on the River which has heretofore
. . i r iVftrStl
T r.... )! i i '-" ''
.III.; J . ITlUii- . J , . jtsi: - '" 5 rt -JTO C-5U: 11-. g
Poole, merchant, sTUai,nrfS5Xivy4
L"w-j:JiiitJLiMPr't-J?3u.- ve "?!, :i . iit-?Z& 4 rJ
of T. J. Devine, cpu u. i. w bowler, -K imct y VH3
Casanova, np u 01 '. l.- Pasca it, Gjrman-.X-' S&f&t J
cj-, In?Jhe above, we reTPtin!pr.rirr.P-tnlaU &r?."vA. -i
"mpoftheThirJ Infantry; vajiottsV-wr Jai
r..-au nmnrtl,rxStwinttS:l-ir W-Uiaxen&jj-'atw) i A
IU J l -" " , .nmcto- JTt ? --j-' k .1
encampment, oninesmao; nui'ms; vnc --...-v- k.. syv.
mi n.P5 tint we nave leani-u i "j " -.. uauicr mw
known. San Antonio Texian Win, msi. . 7. jt
The Mississippi is still very hijjn. A Vjrevassebnl
1 ?.. .. t - -l-,.-.! fiftnon mtlpQ hSlr. TVT.r-K: ll
hcen maaein uie ievtu avm ,.,.....-9, 1c.Vi
t- 1 ...U:I linn nnlicail Cnmfi O mTTVfPll'Ke.-c .5TWVT
VjriCUtlS, Wlliwniuawiiuwi W.....W. rr.--...v '."Ih-.!
in the city. It occurred on Friday, ana 10 gifK nnt
been given to the mshincr waters up to SrturBoy eyea??
ino-. ' It was believed that theoverflow, tirie checwg-
would reach New Orleans in 4S hours fer th3
Orleans in hope of repairing: the levee. Several bre&E
in the embankment are reported at otner pjim-, J5U
but little hope of a tall in tlie river lorscmie uaiv, i" vne-
is entertained. Civilian. 2 '.
Romc. A wentleman recently rcseiTep, a letter
from a relative now in Rome, which says : &The etr-
. r. , t .1 TV .lfl TI.
Testament is now lrceiy circuiaiea in wi-""j
deed, in debate., is often quoted." v
&' " i?
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 17, Ed. 1, Saturday, May 19, 1849, newspaper, May 19, 1849; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48394/m1/2/: accessed October 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.