The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 21, 1849 Page: 1 of 4
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AUSTIN, SATURDAY, JULY 23., 1849.
jb f. li i 3 11 i
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TO THE VOTERS
Of the lYestern Congressional Uistilct of Texas.
In placing my name before you as a candidate for
r!he office of your Representative in Congress, it de-.
evolves unon me to slate mv views of the nolicv and
measures which, if elected, I should deem it the inte-
rest of the Slate io carrv out.
First in importance, from the exposed condition of t
!Lf? a"d. ProPert7; fa the qneslion of Iron tier defence. ,
ne Doianess ana exieni 01 me aepreaa. ons inieiy com-,
imtted, and, indeed, still going on, would seem-to indi-
cate a -well concerted plan, and perhaps a union of the
Ttrlnrlo etrannrfh nf llio nrnirin trihos Vr Imvo hnrl Rllph
tf Ai.WlV''JblJta VIA Ul bLIb IS Vt .V,.Vw- .AV. VUJ v.. WIIWII
a foray -before, and know that they can combine for
short periods in verv great numbers. Bv their attack '
J . .
ou Linnville in 1S10. they deemed themselves strong
enough for the population of the Colorado and Guada-
lupe, and uo doubt owed their chastisement to the fact
that lliey were bold enough to return upon their traij,
and fight their way back to the prairies through the in-
" habitants that blocked their path. Pence with the In-
dians of Texas is never to be expected; their nature
and habits forbid the hope. Treaties and talks will
only flatter their notion of their own prowess: and en-
courage rather than repress that love of plunder which
is the instinct of their natures, and the indulgence of
which is all that breaks the torpor of their vagrant
lives. They wander with their families over track
less plains grazing the animals upon which they
feed when the chase falls or hunger pinches; and are
ready, whenever opportunity tempts them, to strike at
the -settlements, and fly back to the wilderness with
their plunder. They are the Ishmaelites of this conti
nent; their hand is literally against every man, and,
is'mieccssary consequence, every man's hand is
against them. When they have no common enemy
their, different bands fight among themselves. They
plant uo corn, build no villages, and have no home-
steads or fixtures of any kind, the possession of which
would be a hostasre for their conduct. The treaties ot
. t i i i . i II
nT.li-7orl mnn nra h tcprl nnnn mn trial l!ifrrr;t rfl.i nr '
", ,.-, , ' , , .1 ii i rower as a party to the enafao-ement. I tie camp esta-
supposed and history shows that they are broken or blished a( J s 0hrislK VFthin what has since been
neglected whenever the reciprocity ceases; and canciilIcd c.di led territon; was the execution of the
we expect a higher morality from he savage J i contract, and cannot now be re called or modified by
treaty can ever be equal or beneficial in Ins eyes, that j the Ulitcd S(ates
requires him to change his nature. J o sink irom the i T .,,,i,j nnnn.n ,, -,i, nU k;: ,,,,
uoiu marauuer into inu mier ui inu bun, tu u.xuiutiiuu
,, , , , r ,, , , , ,' , , n T i
the bow and lance for the pious i and hoe. would be i
Io him the deepest degredalion.
i ,- ,. 1 j
io mui tiieueenestueijitjuaiiuii. nu vo u nuiyjuiiui., i
,- ... ' , & , ,, . , , r . ,,-' i
and with a populous and well stocked frontier before
- i- i i . i i . 1
"" I"""3 s'"! ... i w. w.
With such a race, it is clear that a treaty would be
a farce; and any reliance upon his faith a wilful delu
It is needless to add to this picture the blood-shed i
that marks his track. His relentless murder of the
aged, is mercy compared with the nameless horrors of
captivity to the youthful wife and maiden, and if but
one such calamity had lobe recorded in the past or j
fdreaded in the future, it would demand from the Go- i
vernment, the expenditure of all the means necessary j
for full ?ind complete protection. .
It is the nature of that protection, and especially the I
nortliern terntoiy in a parallel direction south-westerly j
jy ujiuu wijiuu it ia uu.v w uc cWiieu, nun uutibLiiuiub ; recommend me route bv the wav of Aransas -Jiav, ai
The pith of the matter. 1 nere is a singular belt of post j El Paso. I3y this route, they say, the ordinary obsta
oak limber, or properly two of them, crossing our , cles to a winter conveyance mav'be avoided.
irum Au:u j.vivi tu wiu xv.uuia ui uib uoifrauo, Known .under tiie jurisdiction of Texas, and our enterprising
as the Cross Timbers. The outer belt varies from 15 j stage proprietors, Messrs. Brown and Tarbox. will as-
to 25 miles, of good soil, interspersed with small and ; tabiish a fine "throuah by daylight " The adverlise-
nch prairies aud abundant springs of pure water, which ! merits announcing tlie facts w'ilfread thus :
dram mio tne neaa streams oi our principal rivers. j
Beyond this curious growth of timber the country ra- I
pidly changes its character: the earth becomes saline,
the streams brackish and unfit to drink, and at last ter-
minates in an arid and steril table land, which stretch-
es from the Brazos and the Wachitaw to the Pecos.
This dreary waste is passed over in the fall, during
the rains, by herds of Buffaloe that come to winter in
the cross timbers and the country below. In the spring, j
and before the ponds of rain water have dried up. they
return fo the main herds that graze in front of the i
Itocky Mountains, north of the Red River. It is this A Boston Notion. Goode, the colored man con-
herd of Buffaloe that furnishes the winter game of the ' v'cted and hung for murder, had a very large public
Camanche and other wild tribes, and the cross limbers funeral in Boston, the expenses of which (100) were
is the barrier against the piercing noithers that gives , rnised by subscription. It does not appear, however,
shelter to both." f,lnt. anv money was subscribed for the family of the
I propose, then, to suggest fo the Government, the j individuals whom the murderer deprived of life" Thus
adoption of the upper edge of the upper cross timbers lnG murderer is paraded as a tall hero, and excites
as the line of military frontier, and believe it will be sympathy, while the hard fate of his unfortunate vic-
immediately followed by the migration of hardy set- lim is no1 even thought of.
4lorc who will gather round the posts, attracted bv the !
lipnnnnss of the lands and lhe ceitainty of protection : :
while the Indian will be "expelled by the occupation of
his winter-quarters, and by the expulsion of the game
that constitutes his only stock of winter provision.
The Camauche must then follow the buffaloe to their
undisturbed range at the toot of the Rocky Mountains,
leaving behind him a barrier to his roving habits,
which the product of the chase will never enable him
to cross. The prolongation of this line from Red River,
will cross the upper Brazos, include all the fertile val-
jeyS 0f the Colorado, and strike the Pecos in connection
with the road contemplated by the Government, from
OUr'Westem Settlements tO the PaSO del Norte. The
, cost of 'maintaining this line will be no greater than
-that of the'pfcsenturegnbr lino of seemon.,. except
fonahtttrns;ortaflon oPslipphes whlclf Will lfe"COin -
pensated bv its permanency. The intervals between
penSated by ltS permanency. Tile intervals between
z,n !, - u...u i. i r . t , .
" mi: ijiisi.x iiriiniii iiu Miiiiii niiri nrwT&mn itr Tnn m itrr
r. .. . .. ..v .v.iv vy mii-.u;;
corps, for which OUT own population furnishes the best
material, as it has been trained upon the frontier, and
is equal in hardihood and rapidity of movement to the
enemy they are to meet.
It seems to be admitted in all quarters, that the Gila
Rivei!will furnish the trunk of all the' contemplated
overland routes to California, and by connecting our
line of frontier with it, an effectual protection will be
given to both sides of the Rio Grande, from which
two important results will lollow. Fiist. we shall be
I nliln y-v -kf-tln-n Ia ,..-. .-Z A1 UJ J ..
" " cfI""lu l!' ", Iy ie,ya' Jeinnsiraie
! TL xcr,a "l,ll.I! lus,l"u "IUM l""" '" popnia-
ble, as she certainly iloes the shortest route to the Pa
so drl Norte, and therefore to the Pacific ; and second-
ly. The Northern Department of Mexico, which has
,-'.,",.. rf ,w thn n!imnnriilp. fnr ' ' , ,'
resored t0 prosperit and lhrQW int0 t,
come of. a rich and fitab,e tmd whJ h is
ra lributarv ( T lm if lhe rou(e
;t ' pnnnt - ,rl nnf nfi. , . .nrli .. rnn , i '
.. , - . J
The territ ry of Texas north of Red River, and east
of the valley of the Rio Grande, has, as I have shown,
from its position and resources, a peculiar value for
Indian purposes, which will make it well worth to the
General Government the amount of our debt, and a
surplus sufficient for the opening of the navigation of
our rivers, and other home improvements. The obli-
gation to make some equitable arrangement with us
lor that object, rests upon her good faith and justice,
and cannot be denied without a violation of the writ-
ten promises of her minister, and of the whole spirit
oi cue negotiation oy wincli we were annexed :
She will receive an equivalent, which will enable
her to control and regulate her otherwise intractable
tribes, and do an act of sheer justice to us, bv which
we shall be enabled to make an equitable discharge of
liabilities for which we had pledged incomes noiv
transferred io her. The auditing and classification of
the debt will enable the State to ascertain the exact
(amount she justly owes, and base the proposition up
on reliable data. The title of Texas to the territory
of Santa Fo and west of the Nueces, is as good as to
that east of it. We were the interpreters of our own
boundaries in annexation, and the Uniled Slates as-
sumed the obligation to maintain them. She contract-
ed with the Republic of Texas to defend her territo
ries as denned
i" - - " Mnin-u uy uuioG.i, emu. ii:v.u"uiocu 11L umt:r
- ' c. "
I.Tr 1 1 ft ," I f nn1 ,A,V',l ,i-r-.-l at a a,1...
j. vuuiu wj.fj.iu ii wuij tin my uxiiuy .my mii'-niiM uu
,?,. .,., - -,;.,,,,. .;.., r :.i .i - .-
me Pnrt Congress to interfere with the institution
f i ,,. . ? .- . , . . . .
f ClnUOPir fll.it Mnmr, n ,.ll,,t Knr..trifl f flic nr-vl. a
!- oiuviy, mill lUIIIVi IlifllL lauivcu IU nit: I'UUUIU II
(i, q.,, ' : i ,i, i . j i .i
tne Stales respectivelv. and to be exercised by them in
,. - .; ; - , 3 AT .,
"" iu ouuit, no tuuy iiiuv ucuni ni'uui. indium
would I admit the right of Congress to legislate upon
it in a newly accmired territjrv. that beinp the ioint
property of the Union, and open to the immigration of
the citizens of the Southern States as well as the North-
C1'n; t he people of the territory when they form
their State Constitution, are the only parties authoris-
eLl t0 establish or reject the institution,
From the Houston Morcamiio A.lvorti,er l
THE SANTA FKANS
Complain greviously of the mail conveyances, and
Wait awhile, gentlemen of Santa F0, come quietly
UXlTCD STATKS MAIL LIKC OF STACKS,
From Houston to Santa Ft,
T h r o n g h in eighteen dayj.
Fare Houston to Austin, 160 miles, S 00
: Austin :: El Paso, 370 '' IS 00
:: El Paso " Santa Fe. 175 ' 10 00
Passage through to Santa Fe, ----- $36 00
The first steambnnt. nnnn tlm iMkcicc;.-,,,; ur.,5 hnilr
in Cincinnati, and called the Vista, in 1S17.'
FOURTH OF JULY AT 'AUSTIN.
H. MARIA HAYNIE'S ADDRESS,
On the Presentation of the Bible.
Sons op Temperance:
in the, name ol i ie moies oi itusnn, i tender to you tins voiumc,
which, as the word of Go, is a girt ol priceless wortli-a fitting one
lr.r- . tn hpsmw nnnn 'ma Tn its s:ered nn.-es issh iiwlpht?
ed for the proud emi
vored land. With
those pure and lofty
sphere ol lile lor
which woman measures
exnects from man.
SL S&SSSTi'E." .'SSSU'K
i hefeispoTtrave"d the eternarand bouFdless Tove oTtiur Tather in
I Heaven. Do you wi,h a type ol Purity? Searcli .this Record of
. tne immacuiaic .icsus our oavior auu oiumci.
Ilere, too, you
Wj lind tne i-'iiuaay oi wie great i Jm, wno, laiiunii to jjjs ptetis-
i ... . . . . ... ., . j , ., r i . r-w , ,
es, is the same yesteiday, to-day, and forever a guide to all that im-
proves, aijorns, and exalts the character of the "Sous," can be lound
within this memento of woman's heartfelt interest in the great and
glorious cause in which you this day stand pledged. I his is indeed
a bright and happy day to one and all the birth-day of a nation's
freedom, and the day on which the heart of jvoman is made glad.
For here, banded together, pledged to do battle against the hydra-
headed monster which iong has assailed her peace and threatened
wreclc io her happiness, she sees a revered father, the partner of her
life, her own fait boy, a darling brother, or the chosen on: of her
young heart's garnered tenderness. Yes ! woman's heart is now
throbbing with high and holy feelings, and het warm aspirations
are ascending to the throne of God, that you all may be supported,
strengthened, and sustained in the noble cause vhich you have a-
dopted. God grant that you may weary not in well doing !
MISS E. P. PITTS' ADDRESS,
On the Presentation of the Banner.
"Worthy Patriarch, and Gkntlcme.v
of Metropolitan Division of the Sons op Temperance :
The pleasing duty of presenting you this Banner has bsen assign-
ed me by the partiality of the Ladies of Austin, who have wrought
it with their own hands, as a token of their approval of the sacred
cause in which you are engaged.
It is the pride of every good citizen to bbor for the honor and
jjlory of his country. Many of yon have marched to victory under
the banner of the "Lone Star," and'benealh the "Stars and Stripes;"
you have faithfully maintained, through privation and danger, the
civil and religions liberties, won by the gallant deeds and establish-
ed b' the patriotism of our fathers: for these noble services, we
tender you the homage of our heartfelt gratitude.
But we now behold yon in another relation, no less honorable.
To the character of good citizens, you have added that ol philan-
thropists, who;e glorious mission it is to save, to support and to cheer
each other onward in the path of sobriety, honor and usefulness.
To you, then, we present this emblem of Love, Purity, and Fidel-
ity, with the sure and pleasing reliance that beneath it you will nev-
er falter, until everv foe to Temperance shall have been vanquish
ed, and until every freeman in our land shall have become Irulu free
by the redeeming influence of the principles and fraternal efforts of
Accept it, and remember that with it, you have cur wishes and
our prayers lor the triumph of your cause, and the prosperity of your
brotherhood. "While you gather around it, the christian will look
to you as pioneers in the path of his holy-religion, and countless
women and children will hail you as their dearest benefactors, and
bless you for your exertions for their welfare and happiness.
REPLY OF DR. J. S. FORD,
On the Reception of the Banner-
Miss Pitts :
To me has been assigned the honor of receiving from your hands
the beautiful flag which the Ladies of Austin, through "you, have
presented to the Sons of Temperance. In the name and on behalf
of the Division, I return sincere and unfeigned thanks. Being re-
cipients of so distinguished a mark of regard from those who judge
ol the actions and the motives of men, without favor and without
prejudice, fills us with the pleasing belief that our labors and our in-
fluence have not been exerted in vain.
Your allusion to the Lone Star oi our by-gone Republir, has touch-
ed a chord which aw;kens many lond lecollections. The priva-
tion, the mils, and the chivalrous deeds of the sons of Texas, will,
we hope, form a luiglit pane in the history of the times. There are
of us who Mood with that little-band which periled fortune, life ev-
erything that was dear toman, in lhe caue of liberty yet they
claim only to have done their duty. In the more lecenl apjealto
the god ol billies, when our country called upon us to aid in chasti
sing an audacious toe that had polluted our soil by invasion, Texas
was not wanting her Rangers bore the Stais and Stripes full gal-
lantly. Whpre the bittle laged fiercest where the shaf s of death
fill fastest and thickest there they were found. Right well the
sharp notes of the rifle, the war-cry of '3G, the panic of the .stricken
toe. attested mcir prepuce, we nave conquered ouiers, we nave
achieved our civil liberty, nevertheless we have not been altogether
free. The shackles of a vice, which plunged us into a deep abyss
of moral turpitude, were upon our souls. The voice of the drunkard
was heard in our streets, in our hall of legislation and our courts of
justice. In the domestic circle, that hallowed spot where every hepe
ol earthly bliss is centered, sacred to the holiest affections ol the hu-
man heait, where heaven is prefigured on earth, the drunkard dared
intrude, and trample with fiendish loot upon the common decencies of
life. Th mo-t relinedand de.iro.st feelings of our nature were sacri-
ficed to Bacchanalian orgies. A might' battle remained to be fought.;
a great deliverance from the chains ol error and habit, to be accom-
nlished. That battle was with our own morbid appetites and vicious
propensities. Self-preservation, duty invoked ua to conquer ottr-
seh'es. In this war upon drunkenness, the bane of man's enjoyments, the
fountain-head of social and domestic wrongs, the Sons of Temper-
ance have enlisted, and they will wage it with unceasing eneigy.
That our exertions to redeem our fellow-beings Irom the thraldom
of a besetting sin, have been viewed with a fi iendly eye by those who
usually judse aught, is cause for just and Ir.ndable pride. The tes-
timonial of their .sanction is before us we hail it a- the banner of
moral nnd social Rcfoim beneath its folds we will move forward
to victory : not upon the crimsoned battle-fidd ; more noble, more
exalted, though bloodless, shall be our achievments. To subdue the
erring wills ot our tellow man to save ana to shield irom the op
of reward without price. Bui more th;:ii nil these, will be the con
sciousness ol rectitude of purpose, the it flection that we have per-
formed our whole duty to our neighbors and ourselves. .-nd the
vweet remuneration of an approving conscience. Armed with these
high resolve, struggling in the cause of Temperance, the cause of
Virtue, our hearts b'tund in anticipation ol success. To make '"as
surance doublv sure," "Woman has lent to us the prestage of her j
name a B.innnr fashioned and decorated by her hand, waves above j
us. "With "Heaven's best qitt to man" as an ally, with "G-J and
rijrht" on our side, we shall never fail. The finger of Destiny has I
inscribed "Victory" cm our standard : Fate has decreed il shall float
in triumph over millions who are ti uly, morally free.
T.et mi- .TVMn tli.mk vnn. Up jissiired. there i not a man nmnn
us wlu.ve benr; swpliitr with nrnn.ier emotions, whose resolution is
not s-erner, loftier, when he iraze- upon that emblem of the pirtiali-
IV of She Ladies of Austin loi our Older. "What lhe hand of lovely
I -nm:iii ii wrnnfrhi rml lip r lin cnnsi-fr.nled 1( liohle mirnnsps we I
will never desecrate nor desert. !
ORATION OF A. J. FANNIN.
liltdTIOH SiiVS of Tkhperasck
III looking over this large us-cmbly. I lecognise thnt. which calls '
forth oimitm.is r nintiiuJe from mv he.irt of hearts . whilst at "tlm '
-ime time, it excites within my boum, feelings of despondency nnd
neuce on which .he .lands, in This loved and fa- d eivAblo 5 . """l f lhal nCU f"
1 . i ; uuu ever-memoraulo eitv. . mim pm: i.-lmsn ,,..n .i-. ..j
in these leaves are incnicateit ana enjoined ail stnIaiv j;firi, ffl, ..-, ,.";,"",:. ,..'
precepts which fit and prepare her for that j ,lnr.-''""uZr : r . 6 """ "l "Y an n"u ",me an,I,a saa
.'.'-i ' ... ,.. '.. . . story reveals tier tato. Goto Rnmi. rnnlmirn nn.1 iil,n. .,.1 .,..
wlncu sue was aest-neo. it is me sianaara uy lier - ,,lpSf tim -, . , , .. . .--" ;: " " . '- - " 'A
sureS the Love, Purity, and Fidelity, which she mon -".. "! V, " " ' ,' 'u .' - V a(,m,r,:il.I0n ot
' J J mon' J"" 1,n" oppression, pity and sullerin stamped unon their h s-
predion of vice-to snnich fiom moral degradation, and restore to ) " ,,ur "" l '""-, "J,on n ,,1c"1 wn,". a"' recuy or iiunrecuy, win
the path of sobriety and uridine.., is our hi-h and liolv aim. Our nl "T Ca? r "t03"''1- Some irtccn years since, well do we
arms are tho-e f pacewe use no force but that of example. Our roc,"cct. "w Lo:.e Star of fexas made us fir,t appearance from tho
success shall cost no tears but those of joy. The yratitude of the WOa'er" nz.ii, with her colors spread out to the breeze at fortune,
disenthralled, the thanks ofthe mother, the wife, will be to us sems ! W,,L " olnc,'": s 'P!b"w i.ear; dad in none uftlwc habiliments of
Of despondency, because the obligitions that devolve upon ynui
humble sen-nut enme most unexpectedly, demanding too, lhe faithfti!
dischaige of duties in which lhe gteat and good hac been actively
engaged in coniaiuiiicating. ever since this dav, 73 year- gone bv.
- - r
f .0f rret- because the occasion demands thai something sfiould bo
j ottered, expressive of a devotional love for our country nnd snnerln-
tive thankfulness for the civil, moral and religious institutions thro'
the means of wkictfwc havo been permitted to grow and ;rov until
the banner under which we live, has quite readied the zenith of Na-
tional glory and civil greatness, the task is arduous " is responsi
t ;m ,.. .. i rnip"! , .-. . ---- j i
. lTooclrr r t ""A rcfr03m 7
c ' ) l ..lnegrandest achievements of human thought. Go
ble. uui atiuiiiiun. vniir aimin inn nr,r! I ,n,frti n.ll
tury. cs, go where you will, on the crcat domain of man's nxnnri.
j nndccremMi. 1 f pc
j . . ....-' q0'"'
once, and pouuto the deed that lnim-vn'r, ,,i,ri ; ; ,....-
- J Utk-UU.1. WtW 111 VUllllklf-
ril Ollt: hut this liko. tnr rrliri'stirtn'a linno
wins a charm and a reverence as it moves nn hv ncr,. r,A nmnrluno
I-ellow-Citizcns. Our lino of maich from "the Canadas to tho
Oceans, has been gloriously rewarded by achievements which stand
as living- monuments of approval, by the Creator of man and worlds ;
to whom and to what do we owe all this 1 philanthropy answers ; to
the fathers, from whom we inherited the great spirit ; and to that dec-
laration, by which we have been endued with the authority nnd moans
of power. Who can contemplate the history of this our country thro1 .
seventy years of hope and despair, without a mingled feeling of
gratitude, wonder, and amazement? "Where were those floating pa-
laces that hover around our noets. for nntrnnn.ro nnrl i-nmiwiiiinn'
spoils 1 Where were those ca-s of baggage, so ndmirahlv adapted,
and richly decorated, both in ordei to furnish despatch to the worldly -man,
and comfort to the gentleman of pleasure 1 and lastly, though
not least, where was that twin sister of lightning, the magnetic'tele-
graph, whose tirgin deserves record among the greatest achievements '
of ancienx or moJesn invention 1 "Where were all these passports of
burthen and human thought, when a Washington was consigned to
the nolitary tomb 1 Wc answer, they, like many of the fond hopes of
jouth, lived but in the -Unborn future. Is this all? We bos vou
look to the moral and religious world ; and how long has it been since
the doctrine of Martin Luther, John Calvin, and Wesley, were re-
garded as being not only peculiar to themselves, but, to say the least,
paradoxical 1 Contrast that period, if you can. with this, and behold,
the revolutions for present and everlasting good that man, in his need-
ful condition, has fallen heir to. We have mentioned moral socie-
ties, aud what are they? what are some of their claims their
fruits'? Go visit yon hospital of chanty; examine into the cells of
that time-worn mansion; enquire into the condition of its inmates,
their history and their hopes : in all human probability, you will learn
that thesn objects of affection, human pity and commiseration, were,
by some unkind wave of misfortune, cast upon the merciless shore of '.
a cold and unsympathising world; but by the willing and redeeming
hand of some unknown one, placed here, without price and without
money. Yes, we could ask you to Irak to yon country village which,
but a few years since, was shrouded in ignorance, superstition, nnd all
the dark vices which so easily beset man, let him do the best he can ;
I.ut now, behold, since it has been illuminated by the genial rays of
education and religion ; the one having already alighted up her dark s
est corners, the other expelled and purified all the diabolical macKt--nations
and inhuman vires that the house of intemperance begetsPm -r
sin, and brings forth in iniquity. Can nothing more bo offered in fa-
vor of the moral spirit of tho agel Did our time authorize it, wo
might add example on example, and enumerate some of the most
touching incidents of which human nature is susceptible, nnd then,
utterly fail to do our theme justice, But we ask you, do not such in-
stitutions deserve the cordial approbation and high esteem of tho tru-
ly great and good 1 Indeed, morality is the lower stratum the bot-
tom step yea. the key, to genuine' greatness and undefined religion.
The infant must lispbeforo it can speak, sojnan must be initiated into
its obligations before he can fully appreciate the harmony and beauty ,
of clnistianity.- " - - -
Brother Sons of Temperance: I know of no better time, no more
suitnble occasion, of offering you a word of exhortation than just here.
In alluding to the improvements of the age, I have, by way of illustra-
tion, referred to moral institutions; and under this worthy head of
titlesliip. Surely we would be aspiring to nothing but merit, by
claiming an humble scat under one branch of that old Mosaic harbor,
designated and known as the Sons of Temperance. The name wo
hail, and lcjoice in the hour that gave birth to the Order of our adop-
tion. Arc there not some here, pcrhups a doting parent or a widowed
henrt, who has experienced the bitter pang of woe. or drank deep
from misfry's cup. in consequence of the poisonous drug called alco-
hol 1 Where is tho man among you, during a career of twenty years,
who has not been called upon to witness the touching sceno of a fa-
vorite acquaintance, a dear friend, or bosom associate, fill a prematuro
giave all, too, in consequence of that same old dragoon. Yet, it it
not the vork of fickle fancy, or a wild chimera of the brain, in pour-
traying a mother's love in anxious search of her ruined boy.
" And now, in lear
And grief, she pauses near
A g'oomy prison. In its cells,
Many a wretched inmate dwells;
Shut out from peace and hope's" sweet ray ;
Shut out from honor's flower' way ;
Shut out from everv pleasant sight
And sound that wakens deep delight
In the free heart from the blue sky,
The balmy air, the sun's glad beams,
The breathing flowers, the bounding streams,
And all thv blessings, Liberty!
Oh crime ! it is a fearful thing,
And fearful penalties must bring;
For deepest woe and darkest shame,
And bliirhted hopes and ruined name.
Aud earth's contempt and Heaven's wrath,
Must follow all who tread its path."
j Hearten to thi. nnd at the same time remember, that in your hand)
is iiuiii-iuii a nigu j riviicgc, a weigiuy reponiiiiiy, mat irom ou,
examples and moral precepts are looked for. You are now as a city
upon a hill, tho rays that beam from your daily walk, may either be-
come food for the gainsaying multitude, or a bubject of reproach for
the finger of scorn : ill you thus faultcr at the barriers which may bo
nrrnved in tho path ofvourholv mission, or crow weary of elI-doinl
Your conduct, your bnginninjr, promises better things; and finally,
may your career be unparalleled in the history of the cause you have
espoused; and may you keep and preserve through your entire jour-
ney, pure and spotless, that banner which has unfurled its motto, and
unlio-.somed its intentions to the exciting commotions of an intempe-
rate and unhappy people,
Fellow-citizens: we trust vniir jood patience has not been taxed
wart.irc, or adorned bv the l ittie wreaths ot ietorv; heaim;
more tho rt semblance of a -.itclhtc than a comet, she rose and set in
the land of her n n begetting. Time, wincing her weary pilgrimage
on, a little whi'e, and she is called upon to bsing all her resources to
bear, in order to test the rights tif soil, and the winds that fan her
shores the summons is pinmptly answered ; and now her golden mo-
ments aic occupied by watching over her iifant flocks with most anx-
ious care and solicitude: one day extending lictory's wreith, tl.e
nest adiniiiisteriiis :he stimulutin? words nf encouragement and con-
fidence; and finally, by her constancy, hope and fidelity, he.- rays,
like that of the sun after the summer's storm, beams forth with such
brilliancy as to attract the attention and admiration of the then civil-
ized world. Though her pinions were stained bv the blood of scores
"f her then lately adopted sons and daughters; thoti-'h her deadly foo
werp '" battle array in c i-rv quarter, s.tiil, she stood firm and unsullied,
r.rm,t ag:lnst temptation s ; most flattering tinijue, trusting alone m tho
God of battles fur the iusticr of her cause. A little while, aud we be-
''"''' 'be same star percln-d upon the south-west corner of the galaxy of
'he S r pes and culors of her mother i-otintiy : not as ore of her nutn-
i Dcr. hut lather ns a memento ot the solitary rn I apparently defence-
j less condition of her lawfully begotten children. The scene was too
j touching; too nionj hearts vibrated in rc-ponsive tones of feeling and
I itilere-t : and now she is no longer spjmrarcd from that elitteritigclus-
ll'r-but becomes an adopted heir, and bids fair lu equal, it not eclipso
many of her elder sisters.
FelIow-citi7e:is : Your lives, your histniies, all are identified with
Texan soil. For one compnratively a stranger among you, tn nttempt
an array of jour tiial- and privations, both at liinc and in the battle-
field, would not only be. impossible, but the height of folly - then may
I take my leave, by reminding yon of the sacicd ground you tread ;
a bu, of the mor.il and icligious. obligations vou arc under to each
ndence JMantnr.iQticcs bamfftownjisiaio JL.
-ximtw . Jj
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 21, 1849, newspaper, July 21, 1849; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48401/m1/1/: accessed January 20, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.