The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 21, 1849 Page: 2 of 4
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"other, your conntrv and to voar country's. u:ncfac!or.,f We ask yon,
how may the early associations of your country's struggles be
handed down, pare .fnd untarnished, ttnhe unborn generations, so
as to form a striking reminiscence of the d3ys-when mtn's.souls
were fairly tested 1 not that they should ever be so unfortunate as to
retrace the blood-stained tracks bt their ancestors, but rather that
they may know the moral it teaches; and in so doing, adhere to the
prophecy -which say 'they shall boat their swords into plough-
shares, and their spears into pruning hooks , nation shall not lift up
s.words against nation, neither shall they know war any more.''
Will this' U2 by rnnnm; stile oautidarv lines, from north to south
and from east to west 1 by separating Goiiad'aud the Alamo fiosn
San Jacinto i or by ctieristnng -ne name 01 suintMdvuicti ooc utic,
and passing unnoticed him, perhaps, who nobly sacrificed iris blood
upon his country's aliarf-yoader? No, fOsbsd.it, Heaven !anit let
eome what will, the prayer of your humble servant, is be Texans.
C. L. MANN'S ADDH333,.
Ladies, Bjiethrex & Gk.vtlemss : . . r
The siipprficLil'revicwor of hi-mry m ever to npt to search for the
destinies'of nations, in revolutions -md the brillianrfachicvcmen:. of
armies. -'The pomp and circumstance of.gIoriou-war," Is ever im-
. posing, and calculated to mislead a-id bawiider by its brilliancy,
while wo arc ever ready to jump at false cuiislu-iq.13 in' Support of
any error wo m-iy have fallen into. "gj"-
The records of the past, hoicer, tend conclusively to provo, thai
tho great leaver which -gives vitality to, and gnules'ibe'ditiiiies of
ration's as well as individual, Is seldom soon by mnnaLsuIit. S'-iroc-
ly a solitary instance of .nation-il or individual ruin cjnbc cited, but
what the causes which haso led to ihodismenibermani, overthrow, or
a lapse of more than sixteen Centura, ind yet the Assyrian I2mpne
stood,. a model of strength n-id window, after whicli other nations
mighl ropy. Glorjing in the widom of their council-, and tho im-
pregnability of the" frowning wall of their Babylon, the itiunaicli and
subject alike, forgetful of their obligation to remain virtnom. tempe-
rate and Godfearing, indulged in every ouervating exres consequent
upon the tide of wealth and luxury thathad'been poured into her lap-
from the spoiU of her conquest, until their eneigies were weakened,
, and their viitucs onlj a name ; een while Babylon was beleaued by
'the armies of tho Medes and Persians, the forgetful monaich pro-
clalmed a, feast, and in the midst of his respiendant court, drank his
Jnatipa'. curse fi om a thousand vessels dedicated to the most high"
"The king was on his throne,
The satraps thronged tho hall;
A thousand blight lamps shone, '
O'er that high festival ;
Athousand cups of gold,
In Judah dcempd divine
Jehovah's vessels hold $
Tho Godless, heathen wineV
-AVhy.in the midst of this bachanalian revel does the blood forsake
Urfe coward lips of the trembling monarch 1 Whj that consternation
"and alarm depleted on every face of that once gav and thoughtless
v -tlirong?" What "means that spirit hand, as it traces tlio-,c mystetious
"and firy characters upon the walll It was a nation's doom, pronoun-
3ced by the Almightj' for their debaunherj' and crime, and ntthc verj-
thVeshold of the palace, th(5 affrighted throng were met bj' the soldiery
of Sj'rus; nnd thus amidst the intempeiance and folly of that doomed
J. 'cityj'the proud structure of the Assyrian Xmpire, toticied fiomits
.- v -Romp, once the mislressand wonder of the world, unable to with-
- 8tand the tide of luxury poured into her lap from the ".polls of cou-
"qurcd states, and the immense wealth of her dominions, soon become
"enervated and enslaved uy "thus having the eIemenis"of debaiichcry
andiruin within her midst? fell an easy victim to the servitude niiil ex-
" actions of her imperial masters. Alexander,-after having pu-hed his
. conquests to the limits of the then known worm, and guthnng to-
-getherihe material for the construction of one of the proudest fabiics
-jV of which Rations had hpard, destroved himself and the perpituity of
' his proud structure, lnattemptlng to drain the boasted flugon of tler-
fculc3. , "
i t is a time settled maxim, that political -tyrranj has most frrqucnt-
dy been consequent upon moral debasement; and time hasaljoas cun-
clusivelj eettled the fact that nothing tends more spcediij- to envelope
the faculties in darkness, weaken the judgment, and produce this
moral degradation, than the use nf thatbaueful liquid, generally term-
" ed spirituous liquois. To establish this fact, I need but point j-uu to
Ireland for its exemplification. Previous to the labours of the great
temperance reformer, (Father Math-w,) not even tho vigilcncc of oiti-
cers; and the most onerous acts of the crown could prevent tho manu-
facture and use of this suui-deiurov-ing poison. lixoavalions vver.j
'made deep in the bowels of the earth, and stills deposited, for the
manufacture of the article; and hence that brave and chivalrous,
that enthusiastic and talented people, becomo morally degenerat-
...ed from the habits of iutemperanco. And it was not until lh"p success-
ful labors of that apostolic reformer, that Ireland emerged from the
thraldom and curse of intemperance. And 1 trust that lung before
the congregated shouts of Liberty havo died away in soft cadence in
the great haven, they will blend with the songs of" redeemed, regeii-
crated'and disenthralled Ireland."
But returning from our pilgrimage to other lands, let us hover over
our own beloved "In.id of the free and home of the brave," with filial
, regard; and though we love the land thatg.ave us bit th, and subscribe
to the fart, most cordially, ivhat has been conceded by admiring na-
tions, "that it was reserved for America to form the most perfect -ys-temof
self government. Yet notwithstanding the wisdom of her in
stitutions, the equality of her lavs, and the. beatify and sticngth of
her form of government, wc can hut deplore the curso of intem
downfall, maybe successfully traced, fo the indulgence ot luxury, vice
Bndfirftemiicrance. -JN establish -this proposition,! need but point
you to the history of Assyria, Uomaand Macedonia Time, with its
steady but rapid mce. had nrnJtscd its sticce-sivo cha.isrcs through
perance which lias been lor nmnyvnars laying wa-te the fairest por-
tion of the land. How often has it been the case tr.nt in our largest
'"4? deliberative bodies, where subjects of vital importance should have
been dicixsed calmlj', that the o'apcts fur which they were a-sem-bled.
have almost been defeated their deliberations broken up,. and
f cenes of bloodshed and confusion resulted from the tmwiso introduc-
tion of Ardent Spirits into their midst. To correct this evil Philan-
thropist had labored, but in vain ; in vain had thej represented the
- ruin consequent upon a course of intemperance ; in vain had they
called upon the j-oulh. the midle aged and infirm, to assert their high
privileges us freemen, and exhort them to sdf government ; in vain
had the fond mother wept over the folly and waywardness of a dar-
ling son, and besought him in the name nf affertion and paternal love,
i. tottop hlsmadcarccr; but the joutb, the middle aged, irilirm, steadi
ly refused to be healed. And it was not until the discovciy was m ide
that wehnd been hugging to our bosoms a serpent. vvhoe poisonous
bite required all the elemenis of self-govceament to cure, that a
nchangc was effected. No sooner was the alarming discovers; made.
v " that the high and the humble alike had been bitten h- this t.enejit,
than a war more holj'ln its character and design, than tho cniude to
rescue a worthless sepulchar from infidel hands, wus proclaimed.
f The'datk clouds which had threatened to burst in fiKy up n the deep
-, seajpf human passion, was rolled buck before the peaceful iutlucnce
JT moI ttie order ol the bons ot temperance.
,. In the short spaco of seven years, more than three thousand di-
visions, 'each a host in themselves,'' with their superior and uhoidi-
nate officers, are now moving forward in their gigantic strength, en-
gaged in, and determined to conquer in, L, P. &. F; niul like the holj-
cross which blazod upon the cloud before tho hesitating C'onstantiue,
. . by which, and in vhoe name, he was commanded to conquer, su we.
, in tho strength and purity of our institution and pnncipifs, wi;igo on
"'conqocriiigaua to conquer,' ua'il tne iisiimphs of utir Outer shall
"have rivaled, in rapidity and numbers, any other system of moral rc-
'forrn. Nor is it alone our object to arrest the inebriate in his wild career,
nrwl probe the festering wound, and laj'its soreness open to his as-
tonished gaze , but we Jmve a balsam which will close the wourraVd
'- part, and testore it at onct- and o4tccttrallj' to health and vigor ; that
balerm will alone be found in the fiatenml folds of our Order. N i i
this the only object proposed to be effected bj- the Older of the Suns
of Tompeinuce. V ho can crtimatc the incalculable amount of good
-tjial'wilt be done the v-oungand rising generations by the influence,
. j.rnmple, ami guard- thiovvu around theni bv- our fraternal care; it is
to,t hern that 1 would atidrcss mjstlf in love, puritj", and fjiiehij. You
whoorc just ripening into iirefuluiMs, while j'uur characters ate even
- tiow Gu ming for good or for evil, let sne. warn jou "to shun
X, . the-unholy cup," with the same zciljind fervor j-ou would shun a
p . . Iifft4.of sliauie, icmorse and pain; and eer bear in mind, that ii-tem-
perance and idleness go hnnd-iii-hatid. anil that both lead to tuiii.
! In our virtuous undertakings, wo l.avo everv otirounig'nieiit to pro-
- Si cptul; for while I gaze upon tin bright inscription remained in tho -.a-
f cicJ folds of our banner, and Know tint our efforts have been rewarded
by the kind sympathy a-.d Miiiny sialics of its fair dontits, vvlto hav
consecrated and entrusted it to our honoi ; I feel doubly assured
that.. cheered bv tlicir smiie and imained by their influence, I may
afoly,give j'ou our watch-word e conquer, or die."
' " Thc'war drums ar beatinj np, soldiers, and fight !
,"&, The dpspfit, Intemp'iance hui'ilown from his height.
-' .. Oh, gnd on jour arinon, bis nttniiin arc inch, "
I'll givo you tlic w ulch-Avoid ' Wt conquer, or die '.' t
1 he claiiim is sounding from island to shore !
Y'mr swords ai voarlnncos must shrubrr no taorcl
Shunt! slititit, in your glory, jo-sr'Hips waving f?j !
I'll 51.0 ihe v.au-h-word Vi'c coaipwr, 1.1 d.;"
r'-i.Tt-iLy. .. .Ait v," 1-. yjy
March forth to the battle, all fcatless and calm, -
Tho strength of join spirit throw into your arm-i
And Iijt your proud nibtto'iing up to 'the sky.
Till-thc cry stars echo ' We conqutr, or die l' - ,
Strike deep and uncrting, nor dare to retreat,
Though thousand-, by thousand-, the enemy travel; .
The thicker the focnien, the tinner stand by,
Itcmem'hiinglhe watch-word 'We conquer, or die!'
fio forth in the path-way your forefather", trod !
Yi',.loo, fight fur freedom, your Captain is God I J .
Fillip out jour broad banner against the blue sky,
And shout like true soldiers Wo conquer, or dio!'
Not chain's for the tyrant, for chain' are in vain J
He's pljniiingnltc.idy to LeaMhe-n in main .'
But rai-e jour deep uicel, and shout the war-cry,
Death! death foi the "tyrant, We conquer, or die!' "
TiiE TEXAS DEMOCRAT.
AUSTIN, SATURDAY, JULY 21 1849.
GEN. GEORGE T.;TvOOD.
For Lieutenant Governor,
' ' ' COL. JOHN A. G-IiEE'R.
For. Member of Congress Western District,
COL. VOLNEY E. HOWARD.
For Commissioner of the General Land OJice,
-HON. GEORGE W. S31YTH.
CJr We are aulhorized to announce the Hon. JOHN
T. MILLS, of Red River comity, as a candidate for
the office of Governor of the State of Texas.
10 We aie anihorised to announce Gen. KD-
WARD BURLESON, as a candidate to repiesent the
IGth Senatorial I3isuict. cormosed of the Counties of
Travis, Hap, Caldwell, Bastrop and Fayette, in the
rrTe are authorized to announce Hon. JON W.
DANCY as a candidate to represent the sixteenth Se-
natorial District, composed of the counties of Travis,
Hays, CaidwHI, Bastrop, and Fayetle.
ttjP We are authorised to announce Col. CLAI-
BORNE KYLE, as a candidate to represent tho
Counties of Travis, Hays and Caldwell, in the House
of Representatives of the Legislature.
ItjT We are authorised to announce JOSIAH
FISK, Esq., as a cindidate to represent the Counties
of Travis, Ilnys and Caldwell, in the House of Re-
presentatives of tho. Lefrislature.
D1 We are authorized to announce Capt. NELSON
MERRELL as a candidate to represent the counties of
Travis, Caldwell, and Hays, in the Representative
Branch of the next Legislature.
H .We ard authorized to announce EVAN "WIL-
LIAMS, Esq., as a candidate to represent the Coun-
ties of Mi I am and Williamson, in tho House of Rep-
resentatives of the next Leri:latrirc.
Errata. There are some errors in th.2 jep!r of Dr. John S
Ford, which in a number of t!i3 papers btrieken off this week,
COL. VOLNEY E. HOWARD
Addressed a numerous and re-peclable audience, in a most elo-
quent and effective-speech, at the capitol on yesterday. The man
ner in which he handled the various subjects of National and State
policy, convinced those present of his superior ability. We notice
by our exchanges, that thW is the impression he makes wherever he
addresses the people- Col. Howard would certainly make u an a-
ble and efii :i.iu Representative in Congress, and from all we have
seen and heard from all parts of the district, we do not entertain a
doubt of his election.
GEN. H. IMcLEOD arrived in this place in the early part of the
week he has been unwell, but has recovered and will address the
people at the Capitol to-thv, at 1 1 o'clock.
HON. JOHN Y. DANCY a fdre-d th.- people yesterday af-
ter Col. Howard hid done. De paid us some p-ilite attentions,
which will bj gralcfull'f reciprocated in the succeeding number.
CLEANSING THE STREETS.
We would rep2ctfullv call the attention of the citizens to the
propriety of removing filthy and decomposed matters from out the
streets. The cholera is raging with unn-iraHed fury in nunv parts
of the country. It :sa fact well known tint, though vvg c-table mat-
ter in a Mate of decomposition may no: g: lerate the cholera mala-
ria, 'ec it is established bivon J d jubt, that, it will ?erve to detain
it in the sanii neigbjrhood for a long p;rind, and impirt a greater
malignity to it. 'We have, thank Goii, hitherto bjen exempt from
this plague, but this exemp.iou miy not continue, in that event it
would bi requisite to u-e every means to rob the fell-destroyer of
much of its virultnce. Clctnlineis has never b;an ditrimntal to
heahh it is a powerful auxiliary to preserve i:. Fillhines is a
sure aid in produ-iag disease. Saoald wj d j n j m re, we should
fill the coveted ditch near the store of Ttlr. Pjek rj.n ve article
from o-ir back yards and alleys, which eaitt a dN tgresabie stench.
Every r:tiz?n can, at iiMt, attend to the cleansing aad vontil itioa
of his own prcm?e.
1 The Western Textan give. proof of its industry in the cause of
CjI. Bell, by the early issuance of tickets for the election. Oar
neighbor seems deiei mined oa " taking time by the fjielock."
The tickets contain the names of Col. P. II. Boll for Governor,
Col. M.T. Johnson lor Lieut. Governorand Col. Thos.Wm. Ward,
for Commissioner of the Gun. Land Office. Now, we have not the
slightest objeeiion to the industry and energy of our neighbor, in
distributing his cards so far in advance; but we r.zain, for the hun-
dred and ninety -ninth time. ' domur to the appropriation of the
good name of Col. J.dinon," ag mm his pe-dlive and emphatic de-
claration, that he i not a c .ndtdate We m ike thi protest howev-
er, not witli any hope of exciting honesv in ihe bio 11 of the Tes-
ian, bjl wnh tUe view of informing Col. Johnson's friends of the
.miserable trier attempted to bo prauiced upon them lor the puipoe
of securing their vo.es. As we b.-lore si tied, wi have in nur pus-
session a le tor from Cvd. Johion, noilive!v denying his bolng a
canduUle, and which is still open toanv o.ie desirous of ascertain
ing the trutli. .
Gen. Brooke having reached his head quirters at San Antonio,
Gen flirncy icturm-d to this pn on Wednesday last. Our citi
zens are uvirii gratifLd at tne General s return, and we trut that
hisre?id net. amoDg us may be as grceablc to him as his numerous
ii tends desiie 10 mate it.
Our last New Orleans exchanges contain accounts of the death
of G'd. Dancn, the gallant and afcom"li.-heii oihccr who won so
many laurel.- in the I tse war with Msticv. vJn th.' deih ol thela-
tnented (Jfiighin, Col Duncan was app untsd In-pecior General ol
the rrniy, uhiih ofnet lie held tin to the time of his death. It is
11 1, .!.. I.... -.- 1 . l. .--: ? i. 1
re.iu,) iiiv-iiuv.iwi hi 1,0 c me origin array 01 uisimgiji-neu iiuine-
tlnl have lately passed, in sueh larid snccc-sion, from our midst.
Kcrney, Crogh m, Worth. G nti"-, Polk, Duncan ;d!, within a i-f
spice, hive i'sllen lik'j mete r- fiom ihe skv. '1 he light of tiieir
f une will remain uudimiued as longas freedom has a defender and
liberty a homo. Wnil-i. w:4:esp tlieir mempriasienshrined-in our
r.iTecrion-. In tKh-p;hat their deaths 3 reuWhvjjfu: as chasiue-
JUDGE MILLS AT THE NORTH.
The friends of this gentleman are quite sanguine of success, if we
arc to judge from the tone of the public prints of that section. En-
ough, however, has occurred to induce the belief that there is not
quite so much unanimity amongst the voters of the North, as there
might be. An inquiry has been addressed by a gentleman of high
standing and influence hi those parts, to the proper department at this
plare, asking if a letter of resignation as Judge of the Eighth Judi"
cial District, had been handed in by the Hon. John T. Mills. 1 To
this inquiry, there can be but one answer No.
We do not wish to be understood as insinuating that Judge Mills
intends holding on to his scat on the bench. - We know nothing 01
his intention in that respect. It is Hue to "the people' to b2 made ac-
quainted with the motives of the Judge for the course of proceedure
he has adopted. The explanation must come from himself. Until
that is heaid, we shall forbear comment.
We have said so little of late in reference to the Gubernatorial el-
ection, that if the names of our candidates were not at the head ol
our columns, our prcfernccs could scarcely be known. Our silence
however, must not bo construed into indifference, for il lint been the
result of a belief that our ticket was entirely safe, without any effort
.on our part. Nor do we see anything now that is calculated to alarm
us for the result, or arouse us to increased exertion. Onjthe.contra-
rv, our accounts from almost all pirts of the StaleconUquejto assure
us that we have not been too sanguine in our calculations as to the
entire certainty!of the rc-election'fof-Gen. Wood. We are-aware
however, that a too abiding confidence is apt to beget a lctlnrgy
which might po.-sibly result in disappointment and mortification i
and we know of no defeat more humiliating than that brought cboui
by the careics-ness or inertness of friends-, vhen the victory was -o
easily gained as to require but a little concert and unit'.
Our opponents are resorting to the most dtsperate means to effec1
their ends. Never have we witnessed such a course of recklessness
and duplicity as some ol them are attempting to practice. -As an in-
stance of this, observe the ob-tinate pertinacity with which ihey cling
10 the name of Col. Johnson, as their candidate for Lieutenant Gov-
ernor, when it Is well known to every one cf them, that Col. Juhn--on
is not now and has never been a candidate for that office. Is
not the intention of such deception apparent to all 1 Witness, too,
the r.buse.L.eaped upon every one who happens to offer himself a-
i candidate for an office, whether important "or obscure, if he does
not jdedge himself to the support ottheir favorite. It mattes; not
whether the office sought be that of Senator or Constable, wofcbe to
he aspirant, it he chimes not with the clique, and re-cchos not their
sentiments. We h?ve circulars every day from candidates f6Y i!n
Legislature, uttering wiathy denunciations upon all those who dare
vote for any other than a Western man. This lattcr.mode of appeal-
ing to sectional prejudices, is one oftheir private resorts. Now, we
cl'iim to be as devoted a ft Send to the West as any ofthe.se hypocrit-
ical brawlers ; hut 111 us. we elect a Governor for the West alone 1
Shall geographical distinctions forever bo kep: up ? Must the in-
terests of Texas be narrowed down to a strip or a section, to subserve
the purposes of a place hunting clique 1 Shame upon these misera-
ble efforts to excite local differences between a people whose inter,
es s are identical and inseparable. But let us inquire into the char
ges of hostility to the West, which these disinterested and pntriotie
individuals so loudly urge against Gen. "Wood. Is it to be found in
the promptness and eneigy with which he insisted upon onr right
loSmta Fe, and all of the Jerntory to the Rio Grande 1 Does it
consist in the re-ponsibilitv he has taken upon his hinds in affording
protection to onr defcnceli-ss frontier! In what instance, wer.sk.
ns Geu. Wood evinced feelings of hostility towards the West?
But these inquiries are need!e-s, for we have no fears that such sus-
picions are entertained by the sobor, thinking portion of the people,
or that they will uol manifest their preference for tiie man who-e
motto has boen, iind will continue to be : 'Justice to all -piniality
to none." Let the fiiens of Gen. "Wood but turn opt in their
-irengih at the election in Ansii-l next, and, notwithstanding the des-
peration of our opponents, his succe-s is beyond the shadow of a
In speaking of Mr. Polk's death, il is remarked by one who was
present at the sad occurrence, that he was "sersible to the list, and
the calmness and serenity of mind evinced during his dying mo-
ments, gave evidence of a heart at peace with God and man."
The inhabitants of Austin have great cause to h; thankful that
while our neighboring towns have been scourged by the cholera, we
have been entirely exempt from its ravages, as well as from every
other species of disease. The general heahh of litis place may bo
estimated when wc state, that out of n population numbering nearly
two thousand souls, only six or seven deaths have occurred within
the past year, and a majority of thes.e being new immigrants to tiie
countn. This fact, together with our del'ghtful scenery, and the
facilities afforded for the education of youth, (two excellent male
and female schools being separately conducted under the superin-
tendence of Mr. Fanning- and Miss Trask) renders Austin 25
pleasant and desirable a place of residence as any in the interior of
the State. As an evidence of our advancement, it is ot.ly necessary
to mention that several handscme and commodious new buildings
have recently been erected, and a great many others are in course
of construction. Not a day passes without affording some fresh
sign of our progress, m the way of improvement; and the cheering
and substantial music of the hammer and the axe, tails unceasingly
on the ear. The people interested in ihe navigation of the Colo-
rado river, have set themselves to work in a spirit that guarantees
the snsedy removal of every obstruction as far as this pniiu; so that
we are warranted in nv.li ting the friends of Austin at a distance
tint she is soon destined to realir.e their most earnest wishes for her
prosperity and welfare.
LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF FRANCE.
This Iwdy met on the 2-5.li of ?I iy. The Lejjiiltlivo Assembly
is divided into three prmcip il ptrties. Mole, Thiers, Berryer, and
Btigeaiul, head the conservatives; they can muster upwards of MO
votes, chietly in fivorof a monirchy. Dufaurc-, Bedeati, and Tcc-
queville, head the Moderates about eighty in numbor. They are
for giving the republican constitution a fair trial. This party is
styfed licrs-varli, or middle part'. The Mountain Parly eonsis
of abviut tine hundred and eig'uy members. They are represented
ns"i evolutionary zealots, very formidable by anarchical and social-
ist doctrines, unlimited audacity, perpetual machination, the elo-cst
communion with all the secret and insurrectionary sucietics and
plots of ihe capital and the rrovinces" A flare-up occurred be-
tween M. Ledru Rollin and the President of the Assembly, M. Du-
pin. The business was con iriully interrupted by vociferations
from the minority. The in ijority are rated by the public prints for
their "inlunate clamors and frantic braves." It seems there will
bo much difficulty in quieting things so as to transact business at all.
They should send over a special committee, to gather some lessons
of euod behavior from our Congress, they would undoub'.edly go
bjck much improved, which way others may guess, from ihe quiet
proceedings of last session.
The la-t Telegraphic despatches from the west, furnish the sad
intelligence of the dangerous illness of Mr. Clay, who was taken
with Ihe cholera while on a visit to Louisville. Thus it is prob..bIe
that ere this aim her great man has gone down to the tomb. We
sincerely nust, however, that our country, already mourning over
th-j death of so many of her distinguished sons, may yet be spared
this gieat national calamity. We shall look with intense anxiety
for the news of Mr. Clay's ici every.
! Thi terrible dueato is racing in New Yirrk, Cinciariatti, and
Tho St. I.miis Union climate. tin number of deaths, from Cholera,
occurring in ihat city dining the mntiiha of May and June, m three
thoutr.nd one hundred and thirty six.
Hirhmind, I.oniillo niul other point a:u under i:ftiction from
the fame dieadfu! scorjo.
THE PALESTINE CONVENTION.
It seems this vouId-be great movement has turned our, in effecT
a failure.;" Thinly attended, and in a state of disagreement among
themselves,-they did nothing but show the weakness of lheirflavur
ite place. The following letter will give an idea of the manner of
procedure. The few men who supported and carried the nomina-
tion of Palestine, cannot begih to palm it off as the act of theEist,
nor will the people of. that- section acquiesce .to. the .proceeding.--There
is no better evidence, that this whole affair was ihfrSvorfc Of
a few interested men, than therefosal-of the pigmy convention to
adopt the resolutions offered b(iC6l. John I. Burton, of Hoastoa
The facts of the case as stated by Mr' S. may; be relied on. He
is an old Texian well known on this frontier, where be has per-
formed valuable services. " V
P.ir.ESTrN-E. Texas, July 6th, iai9.
Dear Sir: I have been here this week, and witnessed all that
has been done in the convention called at this place, to nominate
some suitable poinl for the location of the seat of government in '50.
From some cause, unknown to me, there was but a small turn out of
delegates only fifteen counties out of foity-fire were represented,
and "five of" those by proxy. The proxies were all in favor of Pale-tine,
which gave it ten votes out of twenty-seven. This caused
Msj. R. H. Porter, delegate from Navarro county, and Mr- Brock,
of Leon county, to decline taking seats. -Col.
John 1. Button offered the -following preamble and resolu
Whereas a majority of the counties invited to send delegates to this
convention are unrepresentated. and being credibly informed that
delegates have been appointed in almost. every rnnuiyrSasi-ot the
Brazes river, but have been many of them prevented frii attend-
ing from the unusual high condition ol our water courses;; and
trusting that the same difficulties may not exist at a subsequent
period; and feeling ourselves unwilling, upon a question of such
magnitude, to act, lor me unrepresemea counties, iu uieprennses:
Therefore, bt il. resolved, That we, the delegates in conversion as-
semoteilf adjourn 10 meet at on me mst moou iy m
Be it further resolved, That we earnesly solicit all interested, t
send delegates to the time anil place proposed.
These were voted down.
Senator Gage, and several .other gentlemen, opposed the pr"!
ins nf ihe convention, on-the "round that there was too snl
bodv to decide upon so important a subject. The citizens of PaJ
tine, and a few others, had all in their own hands, and uctermiml
to lean the advantaee. There were but four delegates from Mm
wcl side of Trit.iiy river Col. D. K. Mitchell and M-. Carrt
..from Navarro county : Mr. liiks and Mr. Garman lrom Lec
county, who took thc-tr se.-Ls. i tiese genuemen voteit ami itut all
they could to prevent the nomination or ratestine. J ney were iiw
I'lVUl Ul tllU ltlt.aii'li Wt ttl- .-.-- w ' .- t.... T.M .- AltUll IMVlf
but conceived there was not a sufiiciont number of counties repre- '
sensed, to make the move respectable. - .
I write you these facts to show yon, ?nd the people oErTexas ge-
nerally, the manner in which a few individuals are trying to hum-
bug the State by their little convention.
I am, with sreat re-pec t,
Your obedient servant, G. S.
We hive received a letter from a gentleman of La Grauge, de-
tailing therencontre between Gen. J. S. Mayfield and Absalon
Bostwick, resulting in the death of the latter. Itseems? Bostwiek
had en that day, during the pendency of the election f for sheriff,
shown a disposition to row. "A casual remark", says tbewriter,
" from Gen. May field, intimaa'ng that Bos: wick was endeavoring
to get up an excitement, drew from the latter Insulting langnage ;
an instantaneous rencontre ensued, in which neither wenrsverrl
injured. Bostwick was armed at the time with pistols, amla bowie-knife,
but was prevented from using them by the activity orMpy-
field, who was evidently getting the advantage he was finally dis-
armed by the by-st-nders, who also separated the combatants. Bos-
twick retired to Sinks' store, where he was handed a double-barreil-ed
shot gun, with which he returned and attempted to shoo: May-
field." Gen. Mayfield with a few friends retired to thcUuibn Hotel.
" Bostwick steadily resisted ihe pacific overtures of the citizen'
and perseveringiy manifested by words and actions his determina-
tion that blood should be shed loaded himself with "weapons,
among which was the double-barrelled shot-gun before aUjIe4y) ;
and declared his '.inalterable determination that Gen. Mayfield
should not leave the public square alive, and that he wouid-Tcill-him.
the moment hi should get sight of him. In this he persevered, ibc
, . . t.i 1 .-.. -1 v?j
some hours, curing wntca neapproaeoeu ssverai times near it?
betel, rendering it unsafe for Mayfield to be on the gaifery. At
length while passing in fronts-of thq. hotel, casting a scrutintzuif:
look for the object of his vengeance, he saw the l2Uerr(M3yfTe!c5(
advance, with a double-barrelled shot-gun, a lew yarrJsin jront pi
the piazza, when they exchanged shots. Bostwick firednrsf, tn:
missed but immediately fell dead from the superior aim or Lis
adversary." Gen. Mayfisld, in a state of vehement excitemcu',
threw away his gun, exclaiming among other things, " It was
obliged to be me or him I prefer red it should be him."
" In regard to this, I believe there could have .been no contrancty-
of opinion among ihe whole crowd present. I have heard bnt one-..,
individual dissent from what seems to be the universal sent irceur
here, thai the homicide was unavoidable and therefore justifiable."
We have deemed the other portions cf the letter no: of a proper
chaiac'er for publication, as Individuals are mentioned ;wat possi-
bly could have had no connection with the affair.
HUNGARY ITS POPULATION AND RESOURCES-
Thestitislics below are given upon the authority .of a correspond-
ent of the Philadelphia North American, and baseoupon data col-
lected from IStW to U'39, by Jobu M'Grcgor, one of the secretaries
of the London Board of Trader
" The Hungary of the present day forms a part of the- Austrian
nonunions, Diing oounueu on uie west oy a par: 01 Germany; north
by Gallicia, from which" it is separated "by she Carpartfiean Mount
ains; east by Trannsylvania and Wallachia : and south bvTurkev
Schivouia, and Croatia. Its present territorial extent is&IjOO Jyj
miles, i nus it :s nearly twelve times as large as the Sate of Ne
" It was formerly known as Unner and Lower Hungary : bat tht
division lias been superceded, and it is now separated into the fbl"
Jowlmrsix circles, viz: Circle ihissfde the Danube, Circle beyond
tie Dauube. flirt-le this side the Teisse, Circle beyund the Teisse,
Province ot bclnvonta, Province ot Croatia These circles -jig
tlividod into conn'ies. of which there are thirteen in the first circle,
itmi elevtn in each of the ethers. 1 he principal rtvcrs.areihe Da-
nubo, the Dr ive, the Aliresch, the March,, the White Kurcsch, the
I. irna, the Teis-e. the Vaag, and the Teincs.
' li contaios 5i iarse towns, 12,705 villages, i;307,IT2 Houses,
e.P-5 ZOO families; 3,917,202 males, G.ITJ.ODO females. Total popu-
lation f2 09ti.2t2. Ot these, aboot OV'jOO.OOO are Roman Catholics,
and about 2.003,(100 of ihe Greek Church, abaut I 000.00a Luthe
rans, 2,0S0,0i) Calvinists, 250,000 Jews,; and its regular aimv is
w w 1111:11.
" There are abiut 13,003)30 of English acres cf arable land
I, .530 000 vineyards, 4,890,000 gardens, d 550.CCO pastures, sbout;
13, 0.) (KM) English acres of woo Hands whylenumber of acres b
1113 mom o-,ovH!y,fj u; i,oyu,uuy head of horned cattle, GoO.OOv
hoi scs, P,f GO Vx) sheep. v
Bi'da is the capital, stands on,the right tank of the Dannbe.and
has 25,000 inhabitants. Il was once the rcsidcnce.of ibe Kings of
Hungary, sty till I52ti, when il was tiken by the Turks! For one
hundred and sixiy years it was contested between them and the
Christians, and it "was finally surrendered to the latter in IGS6. In
JHIO, six hundred houses were destroyed by tire, but they bavc
been replaced with improved buildings.
" Immediately oppose Buda, on the cast side f the Danube, is
Pesth. which is the largest city in Hungary. It is well built, con-
taining elegant public buildings and mansions of the Hungarian
nobility. I.s university is one of the most richly endowed on the
continent of Europe, and this city of Pesth contains above Gfl,C0O in-
habitants; it is ab.iut one hundred and thirty-five miles east-southeast
"Througho'it Hungary, the Slavonian population are the most
abiccr, and perform the most servile kinds of I .bor. The Maygars,
the original Hungarians, though generally illiterate, are a spirited
and intelligent rice, fond of active employment and a military life
avoiding, as much as pc-s;b!e, cither Inbor or traffic.
"In 1837, there were no less than 239,013 privileged noblemen.
The number smec tha time has considerably increased. They -may
no nxes, .ini arc urns very oiiri-nsonie. anu greatly retard the ail
vincemcnt of the most generally fertile k ngdom in Europe. wKfwC
also suffers much for the want of good roads and cheap transports- e
Hungarians hare been for sonic months engaged in a war
- - ty&z
C , m, "-
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The Texas Democrat (Austin, Tex.), Vol. 1, No. 26, Ed. 1, Saturday, July 21, 1849, newspaper, July 21, 1849; Austin, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48401/m1/2/: accessed January 21, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.