Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 42, Ed. 1, Wednesday, October 21, 1846 Page: 1 of 4
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DEMOCRATIC TELE GRAPH AND TEXAS RE Gl
i TE-RSlt8$S in. advance.
" r .(" ?-
1 ' "-p- '' w wHHBfJk;
BY GRCJGEE &r MOOKE,
I'tTtSLSdciUB i ORUGER & MOORE.
Sobsciiptiok, per 12 months or 52 numbets, &5 00
'. " 6 " 26' - - 3 00
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-- " singTc paper, ..... 13
f ?VoreditwiU begiven for subscriptions,
ADTCfttisiNo, 1st insertion, - - jer square, 100
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f Political cards, each insertion, r '400
e Announcement of CandidatesperannotjlO 00
AdiscottntoflO per cent, on the above rates will be made to
sheriffir, on aUilegal notices. 2-., a.
prsms desirous of advertising by the quarter can drsoon
the following terms Eer74'sqnares, with, the prlvilegejpf
changing 2 squares each weeK, per quarter, fe-Kj; p squares,
chnging3 each week,$30, 6 squares, changing4 each week,
" AUadvcrtisements'sentjdthonljpriWen instructions will un-
. less sooner forbide inserted six-months, and charged accor-
dingly. . .,,, -. v
No personaladvertisementi will be inserted tipon any terms.
No credit villi ot givtrAo any transient ad verUbeKinder any
The above terms are rated in specie or its eqaivaient,gn
Texts otstate paper. f
$. . AN ACT
' To oraranizer the Supreme Court of the State of Texas.
flflinn 1 ft it f,pseied bv the Leislamre'bfthe-State of Tcxas
That the supreme court of the state of Texasrshallonst-flf.ii-
Cuiei JU311CU KUU fcnu ttMUMawi simj v vi nuu. ouuu wi
Sec 2?Be it further enccted, -Thai thetatd of Texas shall con.
Btitute one supreme court district only, and sai3 court shall bo
holden'bnce jjiteacli year only, to commence on the second JVlon
rfavin December in eachpear. and may continue in session until
the firatfdiy of Jnne'next ensuing, unless the business before said"
court BhallSfsooner tie disposed ot. oaid court snau noiaits ses
sion? at the city of Austin, in the county of TnjviB. f r
Sec 3. Be it further enacted, That the supremecourt shall
have appelktejgunsdictibn ever all manner)f pjeas, plaints, rao
nons, causes and controversies, both civiland criminal, which may
be brought before it from the dismct-orjmy other courLof the state,
and wbich shall be cognizablenn tfiVsaidsppreme. court, accord-
ing to the laws and consntuunn oftheetateuid when the judg-
ment, or -decree of theourt below, inbivilabasesshaHTje reversed.
the supreme court ehslliroceed ttTrender such judgment or de-
-cretas the court oeiowiaouia nave renoerea, orpronounceu, r
cept when it be necessary that some rn'itterof factbescenained,
or the damages to be assessed, or the triatter to be decreed is un
certain, in either of which cases the cause or prosecutfon, as the
case may be, shall be remanded for a more definite decision.
Sec 4. Be it further enacted, That there shall be appointed for
the supreme court, "one clerk, who shall reside at the place of
holding court ; the appointment shall be made by the court, and
shall be entered of recordjn fhe proceedings of the court, and the
person sn appointed shall, before he enters upon the duues of bis
office, take and subscribe the oath prescribed bycthe constitution,
in open court, and shall enterinto a bond with two good secunues,
to be approved of by the court, payable to .the governor ofthe state;
and his successors in office, an the penalty ofton thousand dollars,
conditioned for the faithful performance ofthe duties of his office,
and that he correcdy record the judgments, decrees, decisions,
and orders ofthe said court, and deliver over to his .successor in
office, all records, minutes, books and papers, and whatever be-
longs to hissaid office of clerk, which bond and oathsbaltimmedi-
ately thereafter be deposited in the oEce of the secretary of state,
and shall not be void on the first recovery, but may be put in suit,
ondprosecuted by the party injuied, until the amount thereof be
recovered, and shall be deemed to extend to the faithful-discharge
ofthe dunes of his office.
Sec 5. Beit further enacted, That if, in aracation, the office
of clerk may become vacant, the appointment shall be made by the
chief justice and the associa es of said court, or any one of said as
aociates anH the chief justice ; and the person so appointed, shall
givobond'andake the oath as prescribed in the fourth section of
th's act, the bond to be approved by any judge of the court,
whicbbond and oath shall be deposited in the same manner, as
though the appointment had been made in term time, and may be
prosecuted and put in suit in hke manner copies of said bond
shall be received in evidence in any court in tmsstate.m the same
manneras the original would be, wereit presented in court ; and
thejaidappimitment shall conunue until the next regularsucceed
-5igwsion of TSesaldcouaruauTajiegaTaroppaintmeot shall
Sec 6 Be it further enacted, That the clerk of the supreme
court shall hold his office for the term of four years from hi3 ap.
pointment, but may be removed therefrom for neglect of duty, or
misdeme iror in o'Gce, by the supreme court, on motion, of which
the clerk against whom complamtis made, shall have ten days pre-
vious notice, specifying the parucular charges of negligence or mis-
demeanor in office preferred, and .n every such case, the court
shall determine boih the law and ihe facts ; and whenever the no-
cessity occurs, the supreme court may appoint a clerk pro tern.
Sec T. Be it further enacted, That the clerk of the supreme
court shall have the power to appoint deputies under him, by writ
ten appointment, under the seal of the court, which- shall be filed
and recorded in the records ofthe court, to whom he s all adminis-
ter an oath faithfully to discharge the duttes of his office, and for
whose official aets he shall in all cases be responsible ; and -the
clerk and his rfeputies:ihall have power to admifcater oaths in all
cases incident to the discharge ofthe duttes of his office.
Sec 8. Be it further enacted That the succcsson in office of
any clerk, shall receive into his possession all books, papers, sta
tioaery, and every thing belonging to the said office ; and should
any person or persons having possession of the eame, refuse to give
them up on demand made, it shall be the duty of said clerk to give
informauon thereoi to the attorney general, or the district attorney
of the district in which the said refusal may be made, who shall
prosecute such person or persons, in the name ofthe state, before
any court having jurisdiction of the same, and on conviction, the
person so offending shall be fined in any sum not less than five
hundred dollars, nor more than five thousand dollars, for the use of
Sec 9. Be it further enacted, That if any clerk ofthe supreme
court shall knowingly make any false entry, orxhange any jecord
in his keeping belonging to his office, every such clerk so offend-
ing shall be liable to prosecution in the districrceurt; and shall, on
conviction thereof, be fined in any sum not ezceeafng-o.-ie thou-
sand dollars, and be imprisoned nor exceeding tenears, and shall
also be liable to theacuon ofthe party aggrieved.. Vyty.
Sec 10, Be,it further enacted, That the, clerk' of theaid "court
shall carefully preserve the traascnpl3oTrecoras certified to his
court, and all papers relative thereto, and shall docket all causes
brought to the court, in the order ho shall receive them, that tney
may be heard in the eame cause, unless the court for good pause
shown, direct any to be heardoat-ofitsorderand shall faithfully
record the decisions of said courtaad the proceedings thereof, and
certify the same to the proper courts; and all causesjsh&lfbe tried
bv the said supreme court attheTeturnterm.unless'ictisfactory
cause can be shewn wr-axontinuancc. ? - - a"' ',
Sec II. He it mruier enacted, 'in&r, ue-cierasoi me aiatrict
courts shall receive and pay to the clerks ofthe supreme court.-all
costs tha(,may have accrued in the supreme court, in any case or
controversy which may have been brought into the supreme courf,
whereinAfinaljadginent or decree may nave been rendered ; and
any clerk fading to pay such costs on demandfafter he shall haye
received, the same, may bo'proceeded against by motionin the dis-
trict court, jhree-days notice being given to such clerk. ""
Sec 12., Be it further enacted, That it shall be the duty pf the
clerk ofthe supreme court to p. ocure a seal for the-use dfthe court,
which shall havft a star of five points, with -the words Sup re me
Courtof the1 Statp of Texas" engraved thereon. - JJ?'
Sec. 13. Be it further enacted, That the clerk fol "lhl
supreme court shall tm the final judgment ofthe supreme
court, certify to the clerk of the district court of the proper
county, the judgment or decree oftheTHud supreme coartv
and attach thereto a list -or statement of all the costs accru-
ing in the said supreme cot!rt,and the said ditrictcourt
clerks shall include the costs ofrtneatd supreme court
in ihn executions which be.shall issue against the onrtv
adjudged to pay thcwnie, andimyejitojliecIerJc.of.B
supreme court sach costs as hetrnabeenialedio id the
case, so soon as it shall h&ve been collected; afid'anr clerk
nftho limxt'w court, orsheriffof anv countvwhrisbalfail
to pay over any costs wjiicn maybe in tbeTmri"d$reltheT
of them, when callea on, snau oe suojcri io ten per cent,
damages per month tone said clef k of ihesupretne court,
to be recovered on motion in the district court, where such
Future to pay over Bucn costs as aforesaid, shall accrue,
thretndaya notice being given of sach raoljoa
Sec. 14 B it-further, enacted. That in all cases deci
dedfay ih'suprefpe, court, the judgment or deciee oflhe
couit.Rh.ill ho in ivritui!?. and nronouno'd in open court.
wiui the misons ofthe court fdrthe same, which shall be
recorded by the cleric of the court in a book kppt by Dim
Sefifel5 Ben further enacted. That all wrils and pro
cess issuing f-om thp supreme court, shall bVrfr the lest of
tnecmpi justire 01 aia court.anu be UjBKr tnseai 01 aaiu
Jcoii"t, un'dlsfirtipd by the clerk thereoffand may be direct-
yktqlheshcrjnor other p-oper officer of any county in
Jthit State. and shall bo bysucti officer executed according
yijJJJjuHimjjiHs thereof, and retjrnidTtirrthe court from
whicrytfa'-v eman itwl r inJ a hnvrr such wru or prociss
1jaTi 44 (Ie xJ.Mnv'd, the cluk of snA fourt is hertby au
MtioJIzW anil rMjrfif cd to isaueanothtrjilce plod's, oc wril,
opori4thei.appliCAiiqDof tbecparty suing out tho former
writ or process, to the same or any other county ; and when
any person, plaintifXor defendant, in .any sun pending in
the said court, shall die, it shall be lawful for the cluk of-
the said court, during the recess of the court, unon aDnlica .
lion by petition to issue proper process, to -enable the
court to proceed to a final judgment, or decree, in the name
of the representative of such deceased, person. -'""Sp:
10 oe 11 runner enacted, mat tne saidjrourt ma
adjourn from day to day,"offorsuchongeVperurd ns
they may -(think necessary tQlhe,endJ5 of justice, apd the
determination of lhebusiness before theraVnnd'there shall.
he noj3iscbntinuance ofany suit, process, jTrraaller return-
SiYJ uepenajngin inejsupreme.couftaHnougn aqoo-
rum of the court tnay Hot be in" attendance aflbe'com
mepcemenl, or any r other day-dFiTLeJermbTu?Tf a suffix
cienl number -ofjudges shall Tiot attend un the fust-day otjt
rtiejcrm, to ha1dsald couri, oVshallnotatiemPalany dav
oi4ue.ierm, anyjuoge 01 tne court, or thesherih:.atli.ndinr
rm time 5. r t. . ia
Sec. 17. Beit futhVcS?h1tSiu1lao7fhe
supreme court shall jsiC in jmycase whe9tn-he-maybe'an-S"
terestedrip the guestfonto be dtHerjmitie,-bT jwKereTeltner
of iheparites Tnayeconnejctedithim Jv affinity or
consanguinity, wilhlq the tnird degreefor where. he.shalL
have.been of counsel in ,thevcause : and when Ihe-supreme?
court, orany twojorits menipershall he lljus djsqualfiedi
to hearnd detefmihe any cause or causesjiiisajd court Jr
or'when no judgment can bejendered inanycase, orvc-
ses, in said court, jjysnnheuaUdivfsioniJiin-
ipu osaiujuugMineamesnajoeceruneq to tne iya
ernorof the Suub7 whsnllmmedialy.colnmTssion theJ
reguiiiteirum6er ofpersons learne'd loathe lawlfo'r'the tri,. .
aland determination of said case or cases. - - & .- z"
SeclS B.J it furthexeriacted, That whegevcrthesu-
prem&courf shall beTequally divided fnopinion. on hear-X
mgany appeal, or other maer, it shall-be thaduty of the
chief justice or"presiding judge of the court, tq certify The
same tolhe Governor: also, all other Causes of disability of A
aid court, as presciibed in th foregoing section of this y
apt i X
Ra,. MQ Rp it T,Trfr,-r Tl,',. ST.nr.m.HinF' '
shall have power to punish any person for contempt of said
fftllrt 4ffnrr)in(T In llio nplnitnlas anrt llannAO nDnin in'tilfn
wvmi., Mwww....Mg iv h.w uiiiiviuiw atiu u0ULd Ufcmv JIA M LtkM
cases, not to exceed one thousand dollars line, and mipris-
onment not exceeding twenty days. - v j,v ""
Sec. 20. Be ft further enacted, That the sup"rerae coo rt
shall have power, if necessary, to establish rules"bf procee d-
ings for the government of said court and theseveral distrfct
courts in this State, not inconsistent with the lawsacd
constitution ofthe State; Provided, that the rules for th e
government ofthe district courts shall not have effect until
they have been published at least sixty days in some news-
paper published at the seat of government
Sec 21. Beit further enacted, That the said court, or
any judge thereof, in vacation, may issue writs of habeas
carpUs, mandamus, and such other writs as may be neces-
sary to enforce the jurisdiction of said court, and also to-
compel a judge ofthe district court to proceed to trial and.
judgment in a cause, agreeably to the principles and uses
of law, returnable into tne supreme court on or before the
first day ofthe term or during the session ofthe same, or-
before any judge of the said court, as the nature ofthe case-
Sec 22 Be it further enacted, That when the copy of"
the record ofany appeal or writ of error shall not be filed
with the clerk ot the supreme cour', on or before the third-
day ofthe term next succeeding the taking ofthe appeal
or writ of error, it shall be lawful for the court in Us dis-
discretion.or onjnotion of the -defendant in appeal or writ
oferror, and no good cause being shown why the trans-
cript ofthe record was not filed indue tune, to dismiss the-
appeal or writ of error, and In case the judgment be render-
ed in the court below, or the writ of error be issued during
the lime ofthe session of the supreme court, it may be
brought up immediately for review and decision in said
Sec 23 Be further enacted That there shall be no re-
versal on an appeal, nor shall the same be dismissed for
want of form, provided -sufficient matter or substance be
contained in the record to enable the court to decide the
cause upon its merits; und where the court shall be.of
opinion that an appeal or writ of error has been taken for
delay, and that there was no good, probable and sufficient
cause for taking such appeal, then, and in that case the ap-
pellant if he be the defendant in the court below, shall pay
ten per cent, on the amount in dispute, as damages, together
with the judgment, interest and "costs of suit thereon ac-
cruing. Sec 24. Beit further enacted, That in all cases of ap-
peal to the, Supremer court, the trialbe on a statement of
factd as agreed upon by the parties or iheir attornies, certi
fied toby the judge of Ihecourt below, orshquld the parties r8
iuii iu ugieu, iucu me juuge.01 me court oeiow snau certi-
fy the fads; or on a bill of exceptions to the opinfon ofthe'
juugc, ui uu a. apcbiui vciuici, ur,uu uu errqivi,ii law euuer
nssienefl or apparent on the face of the. record; and fn the
:..j - ...:.! -;r-. ? 1 . -
absencoDf ail thes&the anneal shall be dismissed-wit'h costslS'-
alone,tor wittr cost3 and damages, aUhe discrej,tonof theVi
court.f v f- w I'jtjfn ss y J
tocu- aj; xje 11 luiiuci cualicu. &i iidi ma anueiiet: vimii
pot ue requireaio mean answertotncasajinientjOt errors -
". ." V. . . -. " .vL,v r-erOe1 a-w t I
orrueiecis as may ou uisisieu oil sy ins- appwiani.youi. neg.
shiirftrnlsh the c9uTt-wiihJa.bnefsolbisiaTguihent nd
lha SIDhAPtt hoe nrk ,nK,iK -fia-VAitAv BIlHKh&vA Ika m KhallnnK
Sec..2fi JB& it fuhnertermcld,hjt.takeg
irom anaatierjis passage, xtT" 3-
arAoDroved. 12th Mav.iAD1846..
VSMfif. . .' vr J"-r-ri"qr.
-zr' ac J!7'v-' .. .j-y esttiaaifiimn iHi"rf- -
- -,- AT:fGTj?&mr
To organize JusticesStlourts, and,to aefine4h?roww?SBa jurist.
--Mi "JfcfiM'ofdM aimer fefe- .-
Section l.Beit:fnsctedk-b trreIislt!gre?of tto6tk&Blr
m clmr if.. i -... - . , i "" ..j. . f I-JaJU -&nr
justices'precinct ur the,scverrouip M!j3foUj0i
xexasf jt nat'inere saaii oe elected dv tne -Jaarmwi ewe wr 01 eaoas.
til wiKnpnrR mr rnpir rVTiAnva niompia nrnn nun 11 nsrammiHunn
ed by the eovernor. and shall Hold. their office'fcr.the TtsrnT'of tvo -
j., jvuu suau iokb uic oaui preacnoea paw wijtjpmcm vi
1 ....i.r JL.ii -t - .t.. -?..l - :i -rfa Lii.'rt' iCiip - r
aftw'enierine inu'bondr',comiiii(i d1wihrviM'trulr--
uiiasiaiu; ana 11 suau oe lawim ior me-BSia'iHSiic,eiecia. -
kecount for and nav Avav fn lh raiintvr.?rnmirvr blPnannv wfiToli
Xai-FcomoHtiio his hands for th use of the'coShtv :'iinf"alio: "that- '
1 flfl fibail well 6nd trull nrnunlhr tiuf.tuv fnriA ti rj&Qtirr 5 J .
iuom?w, au lunacy lauuiia comeaniojiis nanus jor me see 01 ne
jstatcj wiUrsecurityfmtfejinmdirfive hlsoKl?!o1npiyaMe,? j
wjuiu fypiifyvu ay uia cuici juauce ui me county jetiri iine pro h
pr connty, and taking the oath of office, tenteymmeaiately-upT6
On the disehariTfi of !hrirHll!l nd lUirVti ali&ll tT sa-vnltd in r
law as ifihey had received comops.-V - , - ', c
Sec 3. Bo it further enacted, TbTatln every casef the bofidsof
jusuces ofthe peace ijiaif befiledri8'Aevlerk,s&ceofahe coan.
ty court ofthe county fa which such iasuce resides f and in all
cases where any person has been elected Justice ofthe peaco, and
neglects to enter into tke necessary bond, andtako tho oath of of. 1
UM ,"" iwcuijr uujoaiier receiving nonce 01 ms election, me
election shall Be deemed void, and the chief justice-of ihe county
shall thereupon order a new election. k m .
aec 3. Bo it further enacted. That any justice of tlje peaco who
shall be guilty of any malconduct ormisdemeanor in office, may
be proeiuted by indictment of the grand jury ofthe proper county,
and on conviction in die district court of the county, shall vacato
his office, and be thereafter incapable of holding the offico of jus.
tice of the peace in this state ; and in every case of removal from
office, death or resignation, the jusUce elected 'o fill such vacancy
shall vacate his office on the day of the general election of officers
of this state -m
tec 4 Bo it further enacted, That the justices of tho peaco
shall be conservatqra,of the peace within their respective counties,
and shall have and exercise criminal junsdiction over breaches of
the peace, assaults and batteries, riots and affravs, and shall havo
power to take all manner of recognizances with or without security
for cood behavior, to keep the peace, or for appearance before tho
next district court, to answer charges exhibited, or crimes com.
mined in their respective countirs; and in case any person shall
refuse tu enter into recognizance as aforesaid, and to find secunly
uhun required, it shall be lawful for the justice of thepenc; m
commit the person so refueing to tb county jail, there to remsi
WEDNESDAY, OCTpBER 21,
uutil he shall comply with the order or Buchjusticeyand a ful-arjd
complete transenpt of the record of suth. justice shall be by hirii
certified to the district court ot the-county at thenext terra thereof.
Sec. 5. Bo lffurther enacted, That any justice oPthe paace
sHall. bv warrant. -under HTa hand. ciu9eanv lieraon on nereons
I charged on oath, or which may come to hisknovvfedge by.vieWjOr
confession, of having" been guilty of breacrr of llie peace, assauU
and battery, assaults, riots and affays.'mbe'broughtBefbrohm
AUl 111U1, UilU 11 1UUUU Ulll, euiaii jrvjucuu IU UUllCV DUUl iiuaua
may be assessed, norexceedwg fifty dollarsTand on payment of
such fine tis may he-assessed, the justice receivingjthe samej shall
certify the facf to the nexfterm ofthe district court, to be beld in
I" the county where the!:irene was committed, which" certificate;
suau oe it uur iu luruierprusecutiun juriuc same onencej- jttovi-
3cd, that in no case shall a" justice of the peace exercise junsBic.
tion by finally trying a, casevheje deadly weaponsjtverc used oj
attemptedtOihe'' used ; lndtirMerproraTed,rthat,in,all cases,
where julucciloftbe peaceshalliave: jurisdiction in the" trial of
cases where the pelialty jhsiviltKvioIation ofthe lawin fingahd im-
prisonment, (except in cafes ofcohtempO. the2accuied shall have
the nghtbf trial by a jury of tho cbunlywho shall find and awtis-i
Ul(iUIHOUlH Ol JJUUlSUlllUlU IU ue lUHlUlJU UI miq lU4JJUacu.Vi'V Jp
shall, Djrvarrantr under juishand,"jcauseiany person or persons
chargetLon oath, or vhich may omOTisVTcomejTohis knowledge,
Jf havings committed a ojimeover.wnidlr'theTdistnct courhCofllhis
Mate exerciSo exclusive junscfictionftoVe apprehendednd Jrought
before, iiim ;'and ifintTieopintonof sUchjuatice, there is sufficient
ause lojjommiTsuch offender TSheoumyadBerejheoiTe'nce
ijnot Hailable, or where theoffemlejr is UnableunwillmgTo'give
fiaSUoappear i!i?Tejhei.nsxt-teim.3rihs distnctourtTo-Toswjer
to-the" crime chareed ' -", , . &skJi r -
'Sec. 7. Be iturAepencJf--ffhajt:anyjusticepf thopeasej
snail issue a searcn warrant tor stolen trooos. en me oam 01 anv
resDectahle nereonr ofwhtch resDectabilifv the iustice shall belhe
judge particularly descnbing'the place ior peraons'suspectedan3
jntendeH to be searched.- t. j ' ' " ,
TSee. 8. Beritfurtherfehactedr-That whenanv-Tjersontcharired
.wila enmever; which Jhe mstrict court has exclusive jupsdic)
uonj5naii dc Drougnioeiore anyjusucc.oi tne peAce,Mne justice
sh'all proceed to'take the voluntarytatnfenToRbacc1iseaiia'nd
alt the tesumonyjjrouceQagairistliim, in writing; and ihe accused
shallJje at liberty toput any questiob to witnesses he thinks-pro
pec touching the offence charged, hich questions and answers
shall, at the. time of trial, be written dowTiaspranouncedaria' an-
swered, Tind a copy of all which sh'all oeertthed to the jiext term
ofthe distnctcourtjwrtbffe warrant of coirlmitnient. r'
Sec 9. Beit further enacted, TnatifanypersorCcharged with
a criminal -offence, shall remove or escape from the county where
,such offence is charged to have been comrnittedinto another coun-
tytJit shall be the duty of anyjustice of the county where such of-
fender maybe, to endorse the warrant of the justfee issuing the
same, which shall be sufficient 10 authorize the arrcstkof such per-
son wflhin tha iunRdiMinn'"hf mir.n Tim'iri" hni) bho.1i nllpnder ohnll
?on wimi? tne jnraoicnon ot sucajuj'ice, and such ollender shall
;be carned to the county wbere thqcrime was committed fdr exa.
" O If
mation. , , v ,
Sec. 10. Be it further enacfed, That subpmnas for witnesses
may issue to any county in the state, where it is necessary to bring
an offender to justice, which may be executed byany officer au-
thorized to execute and return process iu, the countywhere such
witness resides. '-'" -
Sec. 11. Be it further enacted," Thit incase of emergency,jus-
tices ofthe peace may depute any person of good character to exe.
cute any civil or criminal process : Provided, in every case, the
justice shall certify the fact on the back of the writ.
Sec. 12. Be it further enacted, That all fines and penalties as-
sessed by this act, shall be paid to the justice assessing the same,
and by him paid into the county treasury for tho Use of the state or
county, as the case may be, on or before the first day of the term
ofthe district court, after the assessment of such fine, and anyjus
tice ofthe peace who shall fail to pay over such fines as may have
I been collected by him, for the use of the state or coanty, on ihe
day aforesaid, may bo sued on bis bond in the name of the chief
justice, for the use ofthe state or county, as the case may -be, :n
any court having jurisdiction ofthe same, and the court trj ing said
case, shall enter judgment for tho sune, interest and damages for
detention, at the rate of five per cent, per month until the same
shall be paid.
Sec 13. Be it further enacted, That justices of the peace shall
have junsdictidn over all suits and actions for the recovery of
money on any account, bill, bond, promissory note, or other written
instrument, or for specific articles, where the amount of value
dees not exeed one hundred dollars exclusive of interest, costs and
Sec. 14. Be it further enacted, That all process from a justice
of the peace, shall be under the hand of such justice, directed to
the officer whose duty it shall be to execute and return the same,
shall be jeturnable at a certain time therein named, not less than
ten nor more than tnirty days from the time of issuing the same,
and on the return thereof, the justice shall proceed to hear and de
termine the' case on its merits, give judgment, if the defendant fail
to appear and contest the plaintifi's demand, which judgment shall
not be made final until the next teim of the court of such justice,
or dismiss the case where the plaintiff fails to appear and prosecute
bis suit : Provided, that no case s'lall be dismissed, where the ac.
tion is founded on a wntten contract for money; in such case the
lusnee shall proceed to trial and enter such judgment as may ap-
.Dear to him right.
Sec. 15. Be it further enacted, That in case when the plaintiff,
ais agent or attorney shall make oath before the justice that the de-
fendant 13 not an inhabitant ofthe state, and is absent beyond its
imils, or that he is a transient person, so that the ordinary process
of the law cannot be served upon him, such justice shall issue a
1 ntation directed to the constable or other lawful officer, command
nng him to summon the defendant by publication in some newspa.
per in the county, if one be published therein, if not, then in some
paper published in the nearest adjoining county where
there is one, which citation shill set forth the names of ihe
pirties, the cause ofaction fully stated, andthe timeand
place at which the defendant fs summoned to appear, and
shall be published by thaofficer, at least four weeks before
the return day thereof, and due return made how he has"
executed it. Any justice of 18 e peace may, for good cause
shown, adjourn the trial of any cause iothe rijexfterm of
thejeourt ofsuch"usticeand matrcrant'a newtnal in all
cases" where' Urappears to bim thai justice hasnotbeen
-dene in thetrialjn thecasa: Provided, that not more ttinn'
bob new trim snau oe granteu jo euner party, , v . .
fipf 1R Ra ll-rnrlhar onqiilarl Wti,, i nftmnn aKatII
he sued bfpre any fustitjeof Ihe'peace, except withirf'the
precinct where such justfce'nnd defenllnnresidesfnjall
cjases-the residence of a,married man shall bconsidejetf
ynere ms iamnyjresiaesjiina mat ot a single.man vyneje
hiboardsut lEtbere tieVnb justice oCthe peaceful the
Plrecinctwhere the defendarnjesl3esrsuch'defeBdant'mav
e sued mHhe nearest preciucuvvherfcltheJre is aiusticc of
tiae peaceTan'd inall cases "where a' parti? bas3nofixea
p Ice of board ofjeidrncehe'njay besued-befbrsian'y"
joltice of the peace, injhacounty ?Z&J0 "
lisec. it. pe 11 iunner -enacipa, j natcntne trial oiany
Twtrttr nrhl hie nWn''ha
Z 3-' , V . ,rfs l '-! -
cause'tS'be summoned sixnu
'J&rF!rr-c&i J Sr- 'rVL "X..i
Ol IUU ucut
ftjsfSec 18, Be.itffurlherenacied, jTflallcasesbeforV
. . i jyip, . r- . "I Efi ij" I : -i!TS r
justice pi tne peaceeKoer pany-snaitnare ins,rjgoioi
-vriai yy ujiiryo sixtmen,wncre ineamounrincontro
v.ersyreceeds ten dollars. yf "tt
jB&c. 19iBeikfun&er charted, That a justJceoHhe
peace niaygjriCrf-sttiyojQBXgcHtion onall judgihentSffen?
,dere,d Byihjfnaejfrincjviluiij forsalhiumstofSniveE
amount ihrt'tmonihs&Brtiuided. the defendant'ent&r.inro'
Bond withscciirity to bthippfovedAy suc& lustrco.ljayab'le'
I to rJie succesaeful party,in.srfchumsv?j3ecuretne
amount oijuugmenv costs antrinieresrrwnicnbopa snail
havejhe forceapd en1:cV.ofajudgment;ag1rinst the makers'
in caseof a forfeiture, and tho jusUcefshalLiaVue execution
!C 20. Be it further4enacIedHbThatv'anvnartV3fha?
appeaf from any finafijuilgmenl ofn jnsticeabe peacpx
cept on a8lny bond, to the nxt term ofthe district com tfor
.1 ... IT. .. r. L-j"r- ..i t... - LI . .
iijccuuiy, uy entering inio uunu ivuu i-curuy piyuuij: iu
the successful pirty, in not l(s tfinndouble: tlje, amount
ofjudgTiient, interest and c sts, to be approved of bv the
justice, which boud.shnll bv good against tlie?makers, for
uieiuii amount, oune juagin' nt, costsnnu u imnges wnirn
mav be decreed or adjudged nTinat them -in the district
court, in case the pirty appealing, shall be cast therein.
bee. 21 oo it further t-n Jcted, 1 hit in all cases where
the party c ist in anv civil suit before n justice, fails to enlf r
into the aecessiry bond, to obtain the benefit ofthe nine
tccnth or twentieth section of this net, within ten das from
und after tha rendition of such judgment, or shall fail to
apply for and obtain a new trial, the justice shall isue
execution ngainst the goods nnd ch titles, lands and lene,
ments of such defendint or defend ints, to be returnable
the limp and phce therfin silted, not less than ntntty nor
more thin one hundred wJ twenty davs
Sec. 22 Beit further enicted, Thit every justice of
the peace eball keep a case and execution docket, which
1846. AJs YC34g-ggB
may be in the same book and ikfronvany cause, a justice
onae peace snaji vacate nis-orace nnviiie uooita uuu -a
mnnavnn if nrmirtrf hrrtnmmAnMn TM niTTiQP r..ST
ft i-nV- ; rt TT iDr lft
Sec?23 -Beat fonherffihal najusticcsEfirsel
fnfudgraent in any suHvn'e'lie myelatedjotbrer"
IllflllllCI U?1 II Ullf 1UUIIV liUllllllbllbtU u T wwr,'-T -!-. .
L-and No 2TJo. lishaltbeconsideredaheYfiraiclasS,andfe
Simil IIUIU lllCirCUUHS.uiMUCLJiiai.xJluiuay I'LPH-" ""
every uiuuiu, uuu uiay uujuuiu uuih uajf louurftuwn wo,
ousiness'isdisposed 1)f'Nro2S'lhairije' coWdercdlsTsa-i
- j t -i u.ii u-ij .i.rr .?..i .L-M?..a 0,..iJ
couu ciuss, auu Biiuii.uoiuuiicir cuuna uu iut iiiiiujaaiui-
dWin"each and.everyvrnorith, and-mayadjournfranvdayf
.j....i. ..iti .u-ri irtTtr- .- jr .! -Ft-'V" "-
peacerbefoxe whom any'case is pending, hnl issue7sub-te
-nrpntryfnrftn t-rjlnp- rpsfdinorm ififtCftlintv. afu shall kavfi a
f"-""-"- "-r? " j""--f J:.v-"r" --- -' viL- '
power .to compel theiraltendance; by attachment in case
ui U13UUCU1CUV.U. iu a suuuiLiia auu iu tuoc any miuuco .-
sides without the county, the parly interested may havo
the benefitof such wjtne3s,yfiling:hisinlerj,ogatqriea.ia
the officeof the justjcejryingQ case, and givmgahep-
oositcnaftv. hfs.onheiCa'eent.orrattornev. fiv&daynotic.e,
TJKfl'1 'fjNa3J(-M5p.5? ,, ,5Wf KJ2
vyiin a copy qi sucn jnierrrotnitories.-inai uvtiuaysTHci
the service otthe notice,'; the-juaticewiinssue a commis--sion-to
bedirected to some Tiotajv "public of ihecounty7
vv,here such wjtness jesidcs.equiringsuch notary to pro-?
ceea to tae tne answers oi sue nwuness,. iodine questions -orluiterrogatories
fifetl and th'e'oppoiite fatty may'file i,
cross interrogatorrpsatnny time-before the commissionas--
sues," wnicn snau oe answercuiniUB, iimuiieras muse t.
originally filed. ?w ig& ' p'- 'X
rSec2Q Be it further enacted, That at.the expiration
offive"days from the'serviceofthe nouce, the justice shall
proceed to jssue (he commission, logetherv with a'tfue copy
orall interrngatones & cross interrogatories hied in hisof-
ffce, and obedience thereto the notary
.OUUIC 111 IV Ub UMykU OIIUII V"4 V ' jV ? Zr- MftfcVfal jm
a n ma rnnft ha i l rAilan ohnll virion t
Deiore nnri, ana snail cause ine answers oi inewimessjo
be plainly written, sworn to and subscriber! blhewitness
vvnicn snait oe, ceruneu to oy tne nptary puont-wiiosuau t
envelopthe same directed to the justice issuing the same, ,
and the notary public shall seal the sime and write his "
name across the sea!s, which packagemaY be sent by mail -
or private conveyanceas may be convenient Provided, '
kn Mn.nnn Onliitn.ini. kn n a n a In lltn ?t,rta oil .11 i,.f
(lie ucaiju uciivciiiil; iug caiiicm iiiu juoubt 01111 cvlu,
that the same has not been opened since thcsealmg ofthe
same. . - t . "
Sec 27. Beit further enacted, That all evidence tbus
taken and returned to the justice"3hallbef read, nadbeva
valid as if the witness was'fpersonally present and exahlfnv
ed in opn pourt: Provided the answers are reiponsive
to the interrogatories: And also, provided, that the inter-
rogatories may be subject to legal exceptions.
Sec. 28. Be it further enacted, That in all cases it shall
be lawful to take the testimony of females, in civil cases,
in the same manner as herein prescribed, by interrogatories
and answers, whether they be residents in the county or
not. The rules of evidence prescribed for the government
of the district court shall apply to justices' courts when not
inconsistent with the provisions of this act.
Sec. 29 Be it further enacted, That the justices of the
peace of this State shall have and exercise jurisdiction
over all actions for torts, trespasses and other injuries, as.
well to person as to property, sounding Fa damages, wien
damages claimed does not exceed $100: Provided, that
in all cases arising under this section the justice shall
summon a jury of six men, as in other cases, to ascertain
the amount of damages. This act shall not be so construed
as to deprive justices of the jurisdiction now vested in them
in cases a rising under an act to provide a summary remedy
to enable landlords or lessors to obtain possession of lands
or tenements unlawfully detained or withheld. by tennan
annrnvorl fifitl TjKri-!i rtf IRAfl nnr fmrfor an ant nYH,rS
ing rents, approved, sixteenth,:'JanBaryjsi843andaikct
supplementary to an act concefningents, 8pplpva3,-FeS
ruarv third. 1844. nor under anact to reulatte.altachments:
approved, January twenty-eighthlSSO.'j--srl
ijfSec 30. Be it further enacted. That iPanv-iSusticeofJ
the peaceshall fail toTissue warrant, tasrequiFeri jEthS1
fifth .and sixth sections of this act," he shall -be Subject to3
indictment in the district courljonhe'counlyfandn con
viction tpereof, snail be nnedm.a sum nqt less
hunarea dollars. normwe man oneunausana dollars. -
11 Sec. 31. Be'iVfurtherenactedrCChat'justiceslotheJf
peace may, and are he.reby'reqmred'HoJiind tojadpropet
co"UTtt or commit to thejail of f heVdounlyanyrperspa o
persons charged with an iDfTenceagraftltbejJasva!
United-Slates? vifrme gSfe iT--R? J
aec. d ijeifiurtnerenactea.i nat'stniuagtaentf oy.
from,the day ofthe election fair countytofficers.vnext'eosul
a tsdc resting and defihingr theM)ffice- and powersfceonv
tosso;an acrreguiajing tne prDcecHings.oe.iQrpvusiices;oi;r
Jwehinfriirin nrnVTsinnfii''ofItki.cfareikerehu reneafeH fratn'
ndaftertthia-act-shtlmikBfrect.-1'? Jfk zJkL&ks&L
SiPJissedtltb MayXDsl846.-L4--,4 &&
Jt fiy'- - y -WtSjft?.
- & " JvHoJSTONrdctfl3lSf5?4r3.1
je oik i our leiiow cuizens aie-rtiuiceu to vTeicome'voUj
onceTinore nmotigsPthem. rhey;bavewilncssed wiim
fPridendalisfactfon, thestand youhovve takeninulw
rprthe UnJtetTStates ujjonejrSnderfllingj
InFvvbTch havrfWIatcly agjtu&ithe Umpn.navofy?.
joeijiiie oi, me uuiicu Qiaica jjnuu mcicui-uiiu iciiniH&
erfit' that te
'ftrtl narmit ttmr fn n(lnnl Ihft mnra Avrx.n1. Ihnctnilhllf j
nlb ort' h"niir (ithon wall varfTininrl hn.PIIIT, niVlNllf laSlu r
ir ibii acillliiivii ui luuskptuiuMuu j.vc'd.i, ju4,9ji&
find row Robf V)ck hi rf JampsBa1T;WfWC Svtfanjf:
AaTtHTK SoelLBhikleyTowiisendrE-S PerkmsfJobri'
FitzGerald, Robt X3iewsterrJpo ftlReqoldlTffPV
Wilson. Wm. M TavJor.J J.Wk Scott. John renrjT?
DNeTI, W. H ElioVS. h R-WoodsTf Wfi'ifef-JnEn
tJoughlfiJfJ: Miller) Jontes Copfe IVmrMRicV,
i-t$ txicnois, jonn juicKinson, Janies?lteiiyJ Jj.An
dreus. John V. White, TDjnnellarifP.Bi'eliiond. A. T):
tt-ii "txr ivt-..i?! riioi.-".iv--3 JC l
ixfii'tuj, ih huih. iu rviaiie.parufjno. Lfc.cryan, t
nn. niuoy, j. o. vjuiutr, j. vjasianie. ? Zr
newed obligations tolhe cttizensof Houstonr TheconfT
dence expressed, and deoire to merit the contTnuednppTo-
bation "of my countrymen, I hope, will always inspire me
with resolves suited to the discharge ofthe duties which
may devolve upon me As it w ill be out of my power to
remain in the enjov meat ol your society longer than to-
pers apperiainingnnereto snau de jiieu iu uibwbimuu . fiKwaVM -w"r, T--. - V Tgspm-
of the county court? whfcli BKall'befleliverea tolhe jujjiS Wfc , y $rulyrS'0,-T lneiidt jag
'elected tomirspch vacancy, so'stonasihalsballnterrinto - '. - SART Hp0STQN,i J,
bondLand?tatbe.oath.df office, anifhausticjeekctiBd, ESleEsrsr-sRuthen?GopesrVaIkerr BmjprTTtjfAx&
etiofi nnmnltA ihp hiiciniBQnrBiTrrTinRtice.in'Ilie same 4. "driws. and others.-3E s .-. - "VS: "'25
flMWIi wih 'vtyj..wivuiM.y w. ; -.. .-...--.jp. j-.--. ---- z -w. w.-- rf tfai. T. -f . -'Tav
- jr 'z :? s c-,i!r -a r, ty rr ifjri'tnjL a,
y j . i
ftieTpeWceappro'vedJlJJovetnber fourth, 1837.tan net tofj
men'd,'the,iaw regUlaiiDg proceedihgsrXjusticescoUrtp ,
nnnrneilcTlk Tandnrn slIP?l,ynn'af1tn1ompnr nrfirM&
ae,rltitIedap!'actvto artiend an'acfintjtledBTiiaritrganizing
tuslices'couris and dcfininthe.niSsversanrfiarisdiciioabf
tb4e sa"merapptoyed, December,twentietbj. 1836,a.pprjedfr
rom the justices io tbeTiiis.tricl CDuiVppojzidJnuary''"
nrnptppnthr Iftil -srtdnll I fTO95andr!nrt'nMa.spnnlrfl.-
bru spacji'al'lbtte3 Io ydo'ri'vfsTtKFrej'Wjil;
" m .pi sMi--Ej-jpEj,
raorrovvv IviILcomplyvwHhyourreqtifsif bifSnMHHK
Er1Ky1iaK3burch.Ji ' -SfSt
m . " Yofy truKyryoox lTJSdt " -!?
Wk "S - " SAlTHQPTCHJv
"dr-iws, and others. s - - - sr s "
.ah DKui.Minhnnih ;rf--WI -Jfv. ,' 43Eva
nvA. ". - - 9 lw B.WL tr v-- 4 VT ,-m
iie aimospnere hwt
nr nff kr iraw?IKiit
itdoes-nouthere -IWorUsreimrnortal: thtvThaw ob?s:
rh'eyfenoU Touse wdrdaj3,totaa!cttienoui powr.
"Great" masters oflaUroaee "are sovereieafc Thev are
!irpr!n(fyi,HnirsSfil Homer stirs rhp.ntmnsnfaprparniinil "
isJkSlwMiltotrsweeBs the current of sound by ul Hor -'
jjiwpci. UMB.ca uiuiuiiii(g iao itcca mm mnciii iwjLv S"
.....M M.lt..MH.I. .... ,1. ,aAA MM4 -0M... am I TL.U
.naierieu la'ine soogvot siraauu iaiicieumi x ncarwi
still elqquence of bummernela mmgimg KJtftllMt&i
dresI have lirteflBrft Hlmir radlL mmm!
lfiS!ffrE-nd':ifofce8 ofthe ATalYOs'swellfrrabovftim
ihskpim ha$4i,bpdyra dustbody,. far its homBj bBwgfltr-
Herefn, and Herewith floats the spirit alfabotk thtfBfV
tenous world, communing with it3 choserfbjectsvwitt-
pering in spftness, swelling in loudness, as heartsiaiV
need. sV && . - .
XgfjiQ raaymake words,any JhTng. Malice turns a woriT
jnto a digger? Loolf at it- sharp pointed and sharp edged.
l uere u luiiKiea iu euuie uieeuiug uusuiii. n moruers
peaca and reputation. -0oas"ip jnakes words -weapons. "
Itjdbesnot jnean much, but it qreates mischief enough -r-
It fires smafl shot-r?-sometimes onfy pepper or mustard
MAAr, rtn ,, .... mr .si, rnn mnrii ij tr vm mm ..,,
ocou uuvll llij uav an iicjiiruwu. ll n jia-s BUtdll-
raascus oiaaeJH- t, -as'isv-2'- ""O
Fonour .wordslxwe are 4oJS?eiaccount at lfieiiet?i
Judgement. Do.we think oUhis,?IpldVr3Mbrt1wwtras
thafalrour words-will relorntotSsTcrowdlnlarindl
nllinrtbe-memory' Oh, wJiatsalutltTofffi
Z T3 ? . . -"2ta
.Trustees ot the MassacbusettsJa'tate XJumitic AsvlDm.
i ll L T 1 ,.y"'i- , T. - 1
usnea ov aruer oi tne legislatures
j piincii jiu umio a wiiica iiLiv-unji uia ueau atnig
wnicn ne styaKeepsjiitnawaije'; nesmejis man
agreeable odors',, whrch.come Jdto bis rdorrf throug
ed, as the irian,4j4kep!'tJ5tfvyake by 3jfe4oisets- A pu
.- i t - 5TTT
tions fronrone to three feeL Thre&.pnantoms visiied?hiral
teveryilht, and kept him from, sleeps A'notKepTtre
vts, when mostihsane, visited at night by-naKd s'kelel??
who made-lewd motfous before him : -he also smelietTpotl
son in the room, and tasted it in "his food. ' , 3
This man would Imagine that he, was on the confines
ofthe bottomless pit, withouflhe hope of escajje;anaso
rivited was his mind tothis1Ilus1on,'thnLfie would become
excessively agitated and.-distressed, nod sQb and weep bit-
terly at Jiis impending fate.. He hadoneior two of these
paroxysms during religious worhitron the Sabbatfir H
through his c&J?8!Sgte J
Ailver nn I lets wnicb sn Brdfnir3BH7iiau rWnJvfcoaf J- .,
the report of theuskcbntwesiHeiensfiot&Im,-
and feels the woundsaralmrrdeinjBig'n'esh'Beforo hs.
came to the hospital, he loadedjh3.'gbnwuh black powder,
to revenge upon jJheppnoujJfhdjhusannoylKJiirjoT-tfcfs:
caused his.'arreshand confipentgBt," '- p$ " nL
Anothefm ammt. directly- frMx08jf 0Hrjfnrqafiil
i,u& juau.ktwiKgcAvin4i9uijg nfc uia ffniani,ic
nasnininrouen nisjooin, arwaaaout is;aoBtl
7airrolJepofhaTfta mnediiffBwikw tBera
raenisApi intcarjSSe-ses ais,jjLtne wmnc-ar-
gigui, tvuyysawjMijuotioAHK.j; niioeoicine
raan'sees "ansindclierubathls windowvin-
unof'bioltfsconsrersaiioai wn Hhem "Thev -tell iliii
. UTae3ayis JhTOwraSiabBatb-ttDd-h'obierves tha
- 1 msfead'jof SueUa.AnaVmeaerrairLluMTjafticii
sdrdejrsT'crawhng orerghia'peraoB twdlibostBrboflal
which are tEa reaulta-of thssaTarviews. Hr(
'h.m mnaVil !aat?hii''hirAik let n7X
,141114 0,1T, 4fr-UMT HWtlUl U1BIVWS'W
Sndgelerrwn is mrtiMl;
Jfmea be-'getsifto bwityhTrnJagRilry
Jimrandfiloks that Oiaeartiti'fiBSSiliThia
Jfeet. aA receatcaseef inwflHy. riawjircfur rareSrannor
jd byjgasibrqrn atinhlch dazzles anddistafjKlmi
so mai ue ;uMui6.m inu.w wnui utr is.auouu ii. wosnas
nowinhejijfital.'lsgreatly disturbed by riaold woiaan,
who visits het at" night arid commands her to do Thinrs
J which she afterwards knows- are wrongt'bn?swhies, at
liiUjmiicautjtciajuujijcu j,u jjciiuinj. ouq uiioa vuujtwm
jier to get QunCbedjin'lhfc night, and'lie onie.ow S
this she complains bitterly, but dare not disobey- wlijfE-.
, AVeiy intelligent patient came'inio ihe halt oiwhia
When 1 was in, ana said that an aneel enrse into ner rofi.
t m k a I-Tfc. t.i. .2K n
ana seemgja oook upcit toe taoie, toou it ana apr!car
She was ereaifyagitatedaqtf alarmed, ancTvalkeiric
;iy through the hall, exclaimiu'g.'ian angel W&eafHrtT
IwMMng. nnrl tjlV .UfAumif t aIpuI - T nn ... !?. 11,.!. fc.M.l J"
luuin auu, iuvk "j mj uuuiki m. saw me umo SU.ali
theoolc is gone!" She knew the angelu waahtiBwa4.
daughter, who had died some ti x e before. A$ihai
so much disturbed, search was made for the WilTaftrfiir .
Sval'found inta nana'sofan.exciied patient, "who ack'now
irujjcu jijui sue "uw '"c !' auu HjUKjlU 1 UB IiKiy
Knainea gMaajsturoeaariong time;
es&.jr-4 . &H
-DKAzqKXA, uctoDcroin, IB40.
saiisTylheqndersigned, t v nouxe, gqjeiaa ejuu
ilU.Vusl)'iHCi.,iP35unyii jn iioi.iiT-ti.
SnSBWieKgSlSVA an?.-SK vc
7vt -?" .7 VS', -?- . . - rv& -, vvnftKa
vJtto, jj. m.ffte','.J-auuer ii.iYicijeet,TjwiWHj
ihevslme sf4e T3yli'ourjcar:
lencel who nro-
i.li -- p-TS
i am dmuviuw, aiyiwi uu,hvmd iuiiu liaia ill'
the world is in a slave Stalof Her Institutions, I would
d- fend from motives of ptincjple, consistency and interest
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Moore, Francis, Jr. Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 42, Ed. 1, Wednesday, October 21, 1846, newspaper, October 21, 1846; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48429/m1/1/: accessed March 18, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.