Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 42, Ed. 1, Wednesday, October 21, 1846 Page: 2 of 4
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-V - iTi if TT r r .-iff2 - 2a -S. . . f
M0HKnwH9e.i&cltiiHext for thlscharee.
fsJ18IfR&&&- InjfWirejroiaof southern 13emocrats?.and many jS
jflEjjIjITn ff r T "frlr ijii jiti nTl 1I1T mr,mlri wgs jn ac-
SKraSzonoJ OclS; 1S46 T. PlLSBUjp
flS?0 &If GL McNeel, &r6xnERS. Pl
'aaVVe- republish toxtay the commission tor ineamisijce
re publish lo-dayinecomintssfon fortThefar,m.sljce,1j
irnH&(Bv3ihe commissioners 'ofVfFcxas and Mexicot?afc
Szhinnnhn 1 ?STv'EVrnnM?'? IfiilAs onCofitfiSfr3
commissioneis is-a candidate for one oflhe nJgJhWttncesj
that can be conferred by the people of theStatej'it Jproperj
SthaUtms evidence of hisslatesmanship should bepresemea
IhTTceonle anhis juncture. It must be pvident tonne
sfaT as it was wTiKin thclrpowctonC
Ujteralej-eader, to any -schootooybovo Jne agepi j
V el vc yeaK,.thaftO!Kpmmjsstoners,-bmn
C23S. .ff'!U,:-. rTnT?ThDo &
UlCAIbVS UftbL A-iJMo "vj -
s Woreehtffor the purpo3eof wducing-JMexico to acknovv-
"fcHhc independence of Texas, an Xlo Ljthcyackno w-
rledgo thaL Tfxjsls tfcjpccnifojlexico," awl iUjlS&L
jjianthisj they do noteven admit that it'is elevalcaHoSa
jthc rank of i Stato of the Mexican confederacy, but write
Itdown aS'-dyarl-nicjil "' Thus, after the proplc ofTexas
$iad repeatedly repulsed the anmcsfbf Mexicbfhaddriyrn
thorn from ihetr soil, and doring the long period "ofeigh'tA
!ti h,d mnnfiilJ-tf'iiiHintiiinpd tlits indenrmlence oftne
ggroj"- ayjFWBfcv?yt i "to 5'' , C "T'' "
HpuntiCt-aKer tno u?oia:cSfjngJanarj ranee anu oeigmrara
5armerhyj)knovMedged its independence, Uiesecom-
iTOsPrd'?jKl!h'tgh powers of ambassadors
thatgtffjcaatcfrpaKenrtfKgfestgo WasHUfotslh3 ,
rwtslTforibllnhTt alliaTnTTravisrBowfe, Faunlngrd
gbejiillanconiradesfell "Iflhopiriis ofj.onrrnighurr
sdead could hava come- forthfiomtheirblo'oditnined5
ravvrs4 nouldlheyXolenio"DCCj tb'sdeed asaou!
jfd'poriuuS" stain unontheSifionaljbondr ?The fruils'of:.
lS?UKTti?2T-X Unmr.n.f .n nt n .UioslluVinniir'5
yjchTiheyghati Lbrgughl the government. One,step
ifurihepvvbuTd hareT3een treason. He refused to-sanction
w wcventbvn ot d'orsact, in-any manner, to countenance
'-rcry-ihreshhpld of the goverimenLwas thus averted. But
thejd&k and damning evideiiceoftheirybZy, we will not
say ircachery stands in thTearinals of their country as an
ufhciutiabte record against them. -Can the people of
osomeWieSerhtatKe?in the Ameri
'carSgini?fin aaxe t0 Mexico as
"a rfepartmenl'Jia'proper that Mr. Will-
jamsf'snouldl)! eJeciecfHo. Congress toHkt Congress of
the-man who has
esuch':05usmmlon TsFAyierican feeling.such
4 'cfanUtroops of uithrde shall renfalopn (he"posts tBeftS
nrttccupymgonaUeJino of operation, without commit
f3l!-igcompiianccttUti mftpceeoingaruei npith
iier--.. . f. i . - . ,..t-rf
erjneir Rrivjccaiuus. umsitomuii uappen inaisomo
iM5n spifthe nre8entreeninl sliouJd go frbm
Snide-to tbe-olHcr, iris sfitit noi ee'consiuercu as-oreaif-
mne truce, ujitessciin uuvguLiRcuiuers ui ouc omue
baliscrcnt chiefs. ' " j,l
fcJRriS fnfcusn. Messrs. tlifi CfirTimifsinnnrs of 'IVxaj.
pthemselves fully authorized by the J Dfancnl
-5. the negociaticis refriQtm-AtticlKX.Should wpahg
1(Uhb- cafcy ilnfrfturn ajfqufekly as possiblelo gpv
iiVUJUU OCIIV lUKiii, wii,j -- fc" Kl1"ltt-' w.wiimiuBBB
nosnaateisuclr persons isi
iu.tai.uit. iwvM'PKV"',"v'"' ""'JL.."!t,".r",il;f-
?IIii-s dtMFAMif 7Warriftffmtiftt tnffiT h
Sis5jedVirxopif, sabmitiing'Jt'to the GeneraUn
afcLA r -.i ! s. - ' .
SgAft' . W 1LL1 AMSl
litffiSl. lflex H&JSB4
".VjfcSi.S J.-' T -. r".? " AfST
fwaccoants' ol thcaptareif Monterey as published
thSjNeiV Orleans papers are raore circumstantial than
nw had nviouilv-deceived. Many of the New
ihosewe hod previputly received Many
.BEBfttSrafstripopUuDon -this subjecgA' crisiS
""iSfeidvhtch'villxiioosc s tf&fdiUBg
jEupbjcnicojgLxas, wh 'Sllbl
TnToionped in case thercraabc, atP.robabiluv.afiterininatvL
mmimj aJMun: fvr pl t vnt m-vvrnisc-BMafcaiiH r
- InYthoafrairs p-xcmSTTl 5 "'-fci,
,-rfk,2J. While these.neco'ciltions are pendinihe belieO
JiisSvsi ; '"' mjijtuiioinuciiis jiiayr
i3siQjiers3o amyenRhe cap!tajsoorit
"s1ough for the purpose explunfcuron'tnetrndersldnmng
"ifeiaTihpV will be protcctflflfhe journevthauhfylpay
wSBSSmilhe, coffipionerrhaviBgfully'agreed oqtflieiaE
- UciStfatcUioERensiofl ojFhotfiftiiesheexpIaip
a&ISRcTifffluwSrAhg. tf'y lorTtia armistice thy
Jha3!might thiolf ip
3ZmbB rf?. v7eK23i!&
Mi r ,
eans editors' com plain in the, most' bitter terms of the
articles of capitu(Sionk They Consider them disgraceful
.T?f .r I '?. mi . -
i --rt. , i 'jwr-ii ,, , i jt f
iaueuuencaii arms. i,ney nowever very Kinuty pan
leSfieijconducloT Gen. Tayl6r?nndstate that it Is possible
thfrWame is, uUrroqtablSldheovernmentrVVe cannot
nderstaSU'boyu"spossiblethaUhe Governmentihbuld be
tn:fault, whcii?itceitainLy''couldnottiiaVebecnappri6ed of
anv-of Ihe events faat had transDiredTal IMonteTev. The
- , . r j .A W-.? - . . .J"
ute thejr oiYnJffag asj tbeyjojxered it asjnmockery
'theAfoericansvicdrzfctf&heolfD wtnfr accountof this af-jarrftmrftthePicayUne,-i3
otoser omirnTy'VeJearn fromothensourcesr tnal
l Our Rai5gejrsund5rG,o.l. Ejhjghtjmth ,Jie
irtonhfand caTriediortfter fort ointbe north of
5 t5T r
the cir, Col. Hayskilleda"'IiieutrGolocnelnper5on-
merciali,! imes spealcmg ot Uienei-Wjortn-sTtroopssays;
i'tnev jrained'morfiTsround'andjcarried. moresnointSjlhan
!alfithe rcsfof fh.'eryfTbe&Tiancavalrywlio
were dismounted dnilhis oecasionTalsdaunderthe com"
t -1 arr m i t iyinii -r . i inning in fin tmti- r xi -tt i " ri nT n
mand oitCo! Wbo
rtack on(he cuysu&gy.
houn ti I "t heyl'ren'e'tratedia'un ostintoSrtheJieartfoJ
RaVged uphm. fhpnT?sPcxaRangers'
ire inJrpnt ot Jhe diyision.42.Asjheviappr.oacneaHsays
immediately ordered hismen-to dismount and place them
selves in ambusl The, enemy evidently',didTiol perceive
this manoeuvreattd the moment theycamqiip, the lexans
opened on4hemiafmosUefrectixe!firer unsa"ddlmg,a number
AC ifiiM-i VTVIr!!iTllnrK?ot'onmnontnriiwfln!hpf1?rntnif Vipm
companyiofHheStbInfantry.vvithanother company o'
lhe-;saeiegfimentwje chargedupon the" enemy
& lib a &AOU 11UI OK.ltl.11 t'blbQVUU .IJUllU tTlkll &111.I1., Ill JU
son of hand to band .skirmish, in which" a number, ofthe
enemy fell, anyone Texanjivas killed andjUvowounded.
r l n " J-" .e'"11 ' Ottt' it. -
oui. uuncan now uneneujupouuuem witumis oanery oi
jjienift.rimcryrpounnjr a lewaiscnarges oi grape among
tbem.jind scattering them like chaff" jf
Ourroops are very much dissatisfiedjvitfa thejterms
of the capitulation. The correspondent oflhe Eicayunc
estimates "ihe"A!merican force at ''six thoQsand, Mexican
twelve thousand, and the advantage of fortifications, and
the city fortmeda every ppint, evento the tops of the
houses. Many persons,particulary the Texan volunteeTs
who fought so bravelyjnretdispleased at the terms of the
capitulation The town was all but in our bands, and
ytjjey believed could hnve beea taken in three hours "
--jOn the 9th, Gen. Taylor arrived before Monterey, with
a force of'6,000 men, and alter reconnoitenng the city at
about 1.500 or 1,600 yards from the Cathedral fort, du-
ring which he was fired upon from Us batteries: his force
was encamped at Walnut Springs, three miles short of
the city. This was the nearest position at vihich the ar-
my could obtain a supply of water, and be beyond the
reach of the enemy's battery. The remainder of the 19th
was occupied by the engineers in making connoisances of
the city, batteries and commanding heights. On the 20th,
Gen Worth was ordered with his division to move by a
circuitous route to the right, to gain the Saltiilo road be
vond the west of the town and to the heights above the
Bishop's P&lace, which vital point the enemy appear to
haTe strangely neglected. Circumstances caused his halt
on the night of the 20th, short of the intended position.
On the morning of the 21st he continued his route, and
after an encounter with a large body of the enemy's caval-
ry and infantry, supported by artillf ry from the heights,
he repuUed them with loss, and finally encamped, cover-
ing the passage ot the Saltiilo toad. It was here discover-
ed that bf sides the fort at the Bishop's Palace and the oc-
cupation ol the heightsubove it, two forts on commanding
teniuunces, on the opposite side., of the San Juan, had been
fortiht'd.and occupied ,lUese.two. latter heights were
themstormed'and carried the guns of the last fort carried
JjeingjimmediatelyTutned with a plunging fire upon the
Bwhop'uTace'- (W thissame'morningtheSlstjthe
The'lfoflunteejfDi vision .undei Gen'ButIer, wece-ordered
under'-armsuoanaKeaijiif erston to ine.-ieiioi tne town in
Jfaivol- of th"eatmpotantoperalions(ofGen Worth. -The
ten inch niortarsi?andtwotwentv-fournound howitzers.
Iiad been "put'jn bliteTy,)ittthe njght offlbe 20tbin ara-
"vine. l,400fVaTds!distnnr;from thesCathedral fofor-cita-
'delfand were. suppojteaiDy tne 4tn ttegimentiii wianiry-
Xpc yJofonenlioDiin lie ci-tBde)andilavniand, intntedialely
Afj-n-AivLvi on int: iiisu.iuc uiuei ivas iiivcii iur iiiiauai-
ndf skjrrmahcwlthrhLe0ay onlhextremeileft of the
city,flna.snoujiprospei:itLcsuccess oner.-'io carryino
mo;r ad vflnce'tlihaiior v.vThis'aUackrw'as di rectedbviMai J
Enaineer,ndMatKinneyaQ,M toiheFexas divrsion.
AieayVnfire; fofn tbefir8tba,ueryiWfas immediately ppec-J
fu uppn ineoiuvance, oui-ioe.iroujw,uuji iuhcumijhic
iVirW-irnrpl Jtri'l ihft fifst.and.secondbalt(inVfi.,,&fid.frQm Kh
miantrvAvbindXheWrlfelsJstreels anif6ouse',tops f
it. nnd.the$budrnV'occHDi--l.-aflfBntFiminediatelv in
Itsrtari yi!hVdiviiorfwaiollowedand supported bys
upyihp fort .TheMissis8ii&irenneseeand Ohio Ties.!
jfofeonKulime aftert hexapturefjOptheJirst batlery(and t itst
nelvoi:iouiicj-iJCSiiiJciHa.awngic.-rMisfv ium;bib auu-wcs
nossJhHhTd surTefedjAofgajn mqtefad vantage A heaVy
nweoi jainspcame up 10 ca suspensionmaios-
TiHties .b'efqrahiole of ibo.&f?5WiJMAl&
aurneo.Hgainst their former own-
oneraiionsiind portions of his division stormed and carjied
succeTsivelylhejiiighlsbojieshop's, Palace Bolli
were carrird by aorrwiiand'under.'CaEKjnton. 3d artil
lery, Jn these opefctionrUjcompaypfLoujsiana troops
ceslin tHctcityOn the evening ofthe 22d, Col. Garland
and his command were relieved asHhe garrison of the cap
tUifedforfs by Gen" Aiiman .with the Mississippi and
iC 'dET- ". "Wl' t r.t rr . I
TcffnFsee regiments, ana live companies oi tne ivcmucKg,
Early on the morning ofthe 23d, Gen Gluitman, from
his nosilion. discovered that the second and third forts and
defences cast of the city had been entirely abandoned by
1 the enemy. Avho, apprehending another assault on the
night of the 221, Ins retired from all his defences to the
thfiVI fiimn frnnno hphnven nnhIO in thft
Tftrf" 1 i.T!j '-uTfc!t-'rfn--JiiA.
undhe re vejsWfirsfJiheVflojhjoughltTiefg tlje
works killed, ordislodVahwiilfefistiandjnfanlcv from"
inianwy anUjangDaiiimorpjomaqp rcmainu,ai inu
trarnsnn ofttrearjlurkdtrOsitToBunderJCoGlt;rIand. as
45pounder5Jjndone hawijzejWi-rfl captpain. this fdrt
One offlieU natmderrwasjerved,lagatnst the 2d fortnnd
-F. i WtTT.,.
under Cjptl BlnchrdTperBed eminent and gallant,
s&rjic, as Mrt ofCapt.'KHjori's command. Four
pfecesotnrtfl6ty, Tlhi goodHpplyoammunition,
were captured Jn the Bishop's Palace this day, some of
whfch'ercimracdtafcly turned upon the'enemy's defen
main plaza and its immediate vicinity. A command of
two companies of Mississippi, and two of Tennessee troops
were then thrown into the streets to reconnoitre, and soon
become hotly engaged with the enemy ; these were soon
supported by Col. Wood's regiment of Texas rangers, dis-
mounted, by Bragg's light battery -and the 3d infantry;
the enemy's.fire was constant and uninterrupted from the
streets, house tops, barricades, etc, etc.,in the vicinity of
itfe'prazia. The pieces of Bragg's battery werealsoused
wth much effect far into the heart of the city this en-
gagement laste.dlhe best part of the day, our troops baving
driven the scattered parties of the enemyrjmd penetrated,
quite to the defences of the math' plaza. The advantage-
thus gained, itwas not considered necessary to hold, astheS
enemy had permanently abandoned the city and its detcn-
ces", except the main plaza, its immediatevicinityandthe
Cathedral ort jor Citadel. Early in the afternoon same
day: Geh.' Worth assaulted from the Bishop's Palacei
the westsidetof the city, and succeeded in driving the ene-
ovthe main-plaza on IhatsidcTof theiyov.ara1sVev.er
ninir thf mnrfnr hufl nlcn linpn-nlnntprr"in tbp Cpmrlprirjfc?
rav uiiuuiiiiiumuiiii' uis.nuamoii wuuui a auuii.uisvuuue,
Thclosurerahd-durfnp the nlphfdid.srreat.execution in the
jc-s-v ''rlTi,jl . ,, a Si-,.0.,-. . -j Ji
circumscnoeu camp oi ine enemy la me piuzg uius cuu-
edJhfiperalionSrOflKe 23d.5r:' . -
33cEarJyon themorningioflhe-24th, a communication
TVasirsent to vsen. tayior, irom uenAmpuaiaunuenu.
refused, to,accede7asJ,itNnsked.,more than the American,
commander Aiaujdunderiany cifcumslances-gxant, at thBj
samenimea demandto surrender was-inreplyv"madeito
nvbiclovasgranlcdthe'principal officers of rank on"eitheR
side accompanying their Generals. "After .several offers
in relation to tne capijuiauonor tne city maae on enner,
side and refused, at halfpasUP. M GenTaylor aro3P,
and savinsr h& would cive. Gen. Ampudia one hour,. to.
consider and acceptor refuse, deft the conference wjtbhjsjk
officers At the expir.Uiotf olthe hour, Ihe'dischafgeof
thexnortar wasjo bR.lheisignalot the recommencements
an officer warsent on the part of Gen.Ampudia,toinfornij
4hYAmerica1nGefnefalJht.to'avoid the further effusion of
blood, and theTnalionnl honor berng'satisfiedjvvith the ex-
ertions oi tne-iviexicaniroopsyne nau, auer consuitnuuu
with his general officers, decided to capitulate, accepOngWj
the offer of the American Generah ""
-A, ---v r--- -";-;--- -..-..- ,i
z i nai tne omcers snouia oe auowea to marcn outwun
their side-arms. n
"That the cavalry and infantry should be' allowed Ho?.
march outjwith their arms and accoutrements. ! "r'"' ",?
ThaJ the artillery should be allowed to march ouUvith.
one battery of six pieces and twenty one rounds of ammu- .
VThat all other munitions of war and supplies should be
lurneu over loauuaiu ui ui.inuricuii umccrs appuimeu iu.-
That the Mexican army should be allowed seven days
to evacuatethe city, and that the American troops should
not occupy it until evacuated.
That the Cathedral, Fort or Citadel, should be evaua-
ted at 10 A. M. next day, 25th the Mexicans then march-
ing out, and the American garrison inarching in The
Mexicans allowed to salute their flag when hauled down.
That there should be an armistice of eight weeks, du-
ring which time neither army should pass a line running
from the Rinconada through Linaies and San Fernando.
List of Officers Killed and Wounded:
Regular Officers KUled Evt Maj Barbour, 3d In-
fantry; Capt Morris. 3d Infantry; Capt. Field, 3d Infant-
ry ; Lieut. Irwin, Adj't , 3d Infantry ; LieuL Hazlett, 3d
Infantry; Lieut. Hoskios, Adj't. 4th Infantry; Lieut.
Woods, 4th Infantry ; Capt McKoelt, 8th Infantry ; Capt
Williams, Topographical Engineer, and Lieut Ferret,
are wounded and prisoners, or killed not certain which.
It is known that both were wounded on the 2 1st.
Regular Officers Wounded Maj Lear, 3d Infantry,'
severely; Capt. Baiubndge, 3d Infantry, slightly; Lieut.
R Graham, 4th Infantry, severely ; Capt Lainolte, 1st
Infantry; Lieut Wainnght, 8th Infantry, slightly ; Lipui.
Potter, 7th Infantry.do ; Lieut Rossl, 5th Infantry, do;
Lieut. Dilwortb, 1st Infantry, arm said to have been shot
Volunteer Officers Killed. Col. Watson, Baltim-ore
Bat.; Capt. Battlem, IstTenn Regiment; Lieut Putuum,
and a Lieut, in a German company.
Volunteer Officers Wounded Major Geu Butler, in
the leg; Col. Mitchell, OhioRegt, severely: Lieut Col.
McClung, Miss Regt, severely ; Capt Gillespie, Texas
Rangers, mortally; Lieut Armstrong, Adjt Ohio Regt,
leg .shot .off; Maj. Alexander, 1st Tenn, Regt , severely;
Liet Allen, do. do. ; Lieut Scudder, do. do. ; Lieut Nix-
on, do, do ; Capt Downing, Miss Regt , in the arm ;
Xiieut.Tbomasr Texas Regt, in the arm.
w - '-
. The N.iO. Commercial Times states that Gen. Vepa
nas receivea a tetter irom oen-vampuuia stating mat oan.
ta Annatisonthemarch'witht15,600 men to attack Gen.'
i- -j i .. r - j'..- . . ri -
Taylor disregarding the Armistice. , Ad vices vere rei.
seised at Next Orkans fromTVera Cruz-just beforethe'
toft"- WJOCl ? . -? ..Tft
he States that he "will not assume theTreins of ffovernraenU
ijnulhis cuntrya honorisfully vtndicated, 4an3Ajhg
am.9e EWaa-'3t.Jta x t j tammZ 'e -
American adventurers aje driven trom the soil. Hevoad;
l I" s."
put himse!f-at the head of aHarge army'andwas pr'jptr
ing on the 15th of A'ugust to march towardsSarTiiuitl.
The.NewAOrleans naneflfstatethat it'is Drobafileythat1
another requisitionjfor volunteorstlhbeiraade to support
w !-- , m jv-- 'was ivrT o i? t al
iiimmui M t .5 ak.j.iul :
remained 'firm auformer nnces dSfh exportSfronTtlJe
United States tothiUropeducmgthenexCrighcinontbsrwiJl
be lmmenserNpt pnly.coujpn.'rice, tdbacgo-and all sorts
tof6re-bui little exported toEcropewilL'goxforwa'rd, but
beefTporlr, lard, cheesejvapples, 615.10 Even theJEng "
hshfwhaie fishery'has in a gre.at measure failetkhis setfsori r
ahdithey will bavo to'dependupon the' -Yankees in part
for supplies pf oil.he,'LondQn-iTtatFSsays; $.$ JSU
. W6 baye beenivto .understand that only ifour
whale'shipshae arrived from the Southern Avhale nshejylf
this" yearrbTUiging' together fess thanQO tons of oil.r.,
b8estrj5iled loss to theowners oLhese.four vessels-will
elceed20!(jb0 ; and none of tHerfffha ve been refitted for -
thPvservicev- ijsjiaiea mai a'-proposuion was maueio
povernment more'than two months since to revive this
important branch of shipping: but it does not appear (hat
the 'application was-successful. Manufactures afnd consu
mers unaer mess circuinsiHiicBs musi,ue uepenueni lonne.
future otutheU. Statesr of America for a supply of sper
maccti'oil.'V s - -
"These abundant exports will give amplo'employmenl
to our shipping; -wiU increase ourimports, and conse-
quently ounrevenue, will keep our foreign exchanges
in a healthy state porhap3 will cause an importation of
coin, all by increasing the price of agricultural produce,
will promote tho interest ofthe farmers, and through them,
of the merchants and the whole community."
The late advices from England and the North, have
excited quite a manh for cotton speculation iu N. Orleans
Piices have run up to 10 or 11 cents per lb, and some
speculators have gone up to the plantations iu Mississippi
to make purchases. It is said that in some instances of-
fers have been made of 11 cents per lb. for cotton on the
'Fairy sailed, confirming the above in somedegree.tGeris""
'Santa Anna had addressedVIeUer tVAlmonfe.'in wkieff
.and.Santa Annahad,pledged,himselftOjprosecute tbit war
wfth 'vigor. $&$ ?,isrfV4'4!
"'Self Condemnation. Whatever pertains to reli
gion should be regarded as sacred and we would ever
wish to treat of subjects of this kind with reverence and
respect. But when a Minister of the Gospel, forgetful of
his high calling, rushes into the mire of politics, ha be-
comes an object of ridicule and contempt, and indirectly
brings reproach or ridicule upon the hallowed desk.
What then must we think of the Rev. R. E. B. Baylor,
a'n'acknowledged Minister of,the Gospel, when wc find
himjnounted on. the PublicjRostrum, and harranguing
the populace to give him their suffrages for the office of
representative in the TJ.S. Congress? We arraign bim
not'atthe barof public bpiqionj we. will merely call his
attention to the following remarks that he made in thfr
Hnnvpntinn tvhftn.thRcniipstinn nrms nn the adnntmn off
V . .. .... . JWH ., . .. .. - J- - -rf
tie clause excluding Ministers of the Gospel fromtha
Lej:islalure.sltWe copy theseVemarka from the-Debates
of the Convention, They wilLbe found on page;163. -Eipxv
can Juge Baylqrjustify himself as a, candid ate, after
hayjngnnde suchjefcondemnatory relnarks? Well may'
bo e!cclaiminthe4anguag"e of JobT"Iil t jusTiFfMY-
errr njrv tititv nsnitTu emir nnwnuMK P ' lnh
( I tnink tbeiclausawholes67nandwfsBone;
.WOJ7IiD'ASSOON SEE A-WOUTAN MINGLING WITH THE
-fc. . t? J"".iini.ifflw r sa-zmvm- -vr -
MMirNG -STJtP)PEECHE AS' IT IS CALEKD. AS TO I
SEE A CLT3RGYMANaNG-AG6D INmrefN'KSSOF THIS
kind"" Sfcr thegoorandpiousonoVtsIsiKi thing ;
nunc vwt e umuwous, ana mey oejore ait omers
ought to be excluded. sThere"Tre sectarian jealousits
aridiieaftbuVnings enough among tnT'variousieligious
denominations of every country ; and by openingTliis new
field to human ambition, you will only make the'breacb
between the different sects of christians wider than u is
now. I thinkTtherefore, that theTsection ought to be re
tainedvA-greatdeaIrmightbe'iaild upon the subject
it seemslome further, that iris calculated to keep
clear" andweH defined the' distinction betweenChur
and State," so essentially -necessary to human liberty a
happiness. 13irr priests and kings, lheformer of everjrt
nomination, not the Catholic alone, havfi"con3pied in i
countries and nations ta enslav a mankTnd It haT-beeri
happiness. 13irr priests and kings, lheformer of everyde-
iiuuiiuuuuu. nui me vainoncaione, nave conspirea in an
. -. t- -t.t i .- ,. - . it
countries and nations ta enslavamankind ,11 hasbeen a
received maxim in ILu rope that" trie king,shoiFld govern
thepnTst, and the priest thifpeople." - x.1
7 Gen, Houston at the request of his'friends in this city,
delivered a very able and interesting address on the mor-
ning of Wednesday last at the Presbyterian Church. In
this" address he vindicated his course and that of his col-
leagues in the late Congress He, mentioned that as the
session was drawing to a close when they reached Wash
ington, and the Oregon question and the tariff had en
( grossed the attention of Congress, little could be effected
for Texas in the short period that they were engaged in the
discharge of their official duties. He fell happy to say
however thatthe whole delegation acted throughout the
session with the most peifect harmony, and there was no
difference of opinion upon any point affecting the great
interests of the State or nation. It was gratifying to the
friends of our worthy representative of this district that he
spoke of him and his colleagues with the utmost kind-
ness and regard. It was evident from his remarks that
the whole delegation acted like a band of brothers, so
perfect was their unanimity and mutual confidence. His
speech was received with warm approbation, by the large
and .respectable audience, that was collected on the occa-
Gtn.f Houston while on his late visit to this
city repelled with just indignation the idle charge
made by the New Era, that in voting for the
Missouri Compromise any one of the delegation
was liable to the least censure, for in giving this
vole, they were but acting as under express instructions
from the people of Texas, who had voted for, the same
measure, when they adopted the Constitution and Ordi-
nance for Annexation.
Frost. There was a white frost in this section on the
night of the 18th mst. We notice in our exchanges that
there ivas a frost at Richmond, Va , on the 29th ult.
Wild Geese Large flocks ol these aerial voyagers
have b.cn passing over our city towards the South during
the last eight or ten days,
A'nalional salute was fired afthePlace'des A'rmes in
New Orleans,, in"lB"onor of'ther?ictory of the American
troops at Monterey. 1 .- -
' It appears from the reporVof the'Charity. Hospital of
JNew Urleans, that mereunavc oeeniwenty-seven .cases pi
yellow fever atlhis hospiuL The d.seasehadnot -be'
iroui me tuv
t " .'i?fe.:... - v- " " r -fac
tlemen tofgestndfiporM planforjewrdin deserters
ffomlhe-Amfricanarrayv Uiey-gre- &!4&?
L'odetermrne.upon lns numceroi-acres ?etuanu
- jJK"'-. j-- 7 - . r , t l-
eirimenrshouidiapnfoprjateto this" object in the different
plates3' . , - -
3dTo proposefmeans by whichtjhe government may
best-render assistence to-the 'fndividualsTrefrmd to, in
ttansbortlne their families, if they baveany, and in fur-
nishTnglhcra with the necessary implcmedts of farming.
er"mcers-and cri!w captured by"th8 Mexicabs, have" been
liberated on parole.",Capt, Carpenter returned-ao'Pensa
cola6n the John'Adamr. -The vessels off VeraCruz at
the-close. pf 1 ist month were the frigate Rar,itan andPo-
lonfiic. steamer -Mississippi, sloop St. MaryJssJorehTp
Relief;brigs Sooien and Porpoise.chooner Flirt, the
small seamersVixenad Spitfire, and'the" three, guq
boats. - i '-" t
The Falmouth had sailed from off Tampico, which
ao'rPshe had'been blockadinpfor Pensacolar and it was
supposed the Porpoise would'take her place. The Fal
mouth and the John Adams'bothgo to Pensacolato obtaiii,
supplies. The Flirt.was to sail in a few days for Nor-
folk, where she has been ordered for repairs."
A Minister Rebuked. The New York Morning
News relates an anecdote of General Jackson and the late
Rev Mr. Kinney of Illinois, which contains a rebuke
thatis npplicablo to a certain reverend gentleman who is
seeking office in Texas. It is as follows :
" Mr. Kinney had come onto Washington to nsk for
an office Admitted to an interview with the Chief Ma-
gistrate, the reverend applicant set forth his pretensions, in
vivid colors; his services in the Democratic ranks, were
all enumerated; and redoubled exertions for the future, in
the good cause were pronounced When he bad conclu-
ded, the venerable Chief, regarding him with a mild, but
Rewardor Des'erters --The Mexican feavern
issued'an edtctn tne. 4tn un., appoinungrnve gen
solemn air,said1 "Mr. Kinney, you are, I believe, a min
ister of the JSpspel; is i not so?" "I am your .hxcel-
lency I ' wal The reply f " Then, sir," rejoined the Presi
dent, "you already hold a higher omce thairany i can
give you, and ifyotr fulfil it3 duties as youoght, you
win nave no iei5ureio aucuufHiHjiiiu iuanor - t
Nauvoo The Mormon war has endedr A large
body of anti-Mormons, encampe35ear Nauvoo tfn the
10th ult, and a. detachment wenfJ over from the city to
meet them. A battle was fought on the 1 1th September,
in v bich the anti-Mormons were worsted". It is reported
that fifteen oflhe anti-Mormons were killed, and only two
or three of the citizens of Nauvoo. The anti-Mormons
rallied in great numbers after this battle, and theMormons
were compelled to retire within theciy. After several
unintnortant skirmishes, a committee was appointed to
confeKwitE the contending partfesVand otf the I7th, ther
-32-t. ....i.j .t zrSi nn.
city was. surrenuereu 10 iuB auu-uuiiuoua. mc .ajnuia
agreed to respect privafKprope'rty, but .required the Mor-
mons and all who had acted with them to abandon Ihe city.
Large numbers Dfthejiormons haveaheady abandoned
the-place andare retiring 'westward to join their associ
ates who are emigrating to California-.
We learrironYtbe Union ofthe 2d-instant, that "Major
General Jessup, Quartermaster General, has gone to the
frontier of Mexico, to take upon niraseirme-generai airec-
tion of the affairs of bis department in that quarter. The
'Union says! ,
" Thlsltep has been taken with a view to provide for
every -exigency, without the jJelay and inconvenience
which sometimes result from wailing instructions from
WashingtonVond in order to secure the, utmost efficiency
Txnd. economy to the measures of that department We
have nojdonbtthauhis movement, deliberatelyand duly
taken, will contribute essentially both to the efficiency and
economy, of thewar.
We understand, also, that before General Jessup left
Washingtonfie had recently purchased two more excel-
lent steamboats, on very moderate terras, for the opera-
lionsofthe Rio Grande, in order to save the high freights
which were demanded for transportation of our stores
Other appliancesBehjo been recently adopted, which
wiliVsaye lunch expense, and contribute most essentially
forthe. transportation uf the necessary means for out
-The steamboat Neptune was seen from the schooner
Fairy on her late passage from New Orleans, lying at
anchor, about 200 miles east of Galveston. It is supposed
that she was unable to proceed, andlhe Captain-was wait
ing for aid from the steamboat Galveston or Telegraph.
Conquest oi Santa Fe. The army under the com-
mand of Gen. Kearney, took possession of Santa Fe on
the 18th of August last, without firing a gun. Armijo
the Governor, bad collected an army numbering it is said
from 4000 to 6000 men ; but they dispersed when Gen.
Kearney approached the town, and Armijo fled to the
South towards Chihuahua. All the principal men of
Santa Fe have taken the oath of allegiance to the Ameri-
can government Accounts have been, received from
Chihuahua, and it is well ascertained that no opposftion
will be made at that city to our troops. It was reportednt
Santa Fe that a meeting had been held in Chihuahua, at
which the principal citizensiigreed to submit to'lhe gov-
ernment ofthe United States. The Union ofthe 2nd inst.
referring to the capture of Santa Fe, says:
"On the 18th August he entered the city of Santa Fe
without firingsrgun orpjHfcg--tt-drupf-ofoadjfeag-accomplished
this after Arhtjo had assembled a lorce of
about 4,000 men and had taken a strong position in. the
vicinity of Santa Fe to oppose his progress; but that force
dispersed, and the governor himself fled on the near ap-
proach of the American Army and he was supposed to be
about one hundred and fifty to two hundred miles below,
accompained by a few dragoons; there is no apprehension
of any attempts on bis part to disturb the quiet possession
which Gen Kearney now holds of Santa, Fe and the
adjacent country. The American Hag was hoisted, and
now waves over what was once the Mexican governor's
palace, and all is tranquil and quiet among the people, and
they appear not only to acquiesce m. but to be reconciled
and' pleastthflftlb the change of government. It appears
that Gen. K. has treated them with great kindness and
consideration. Some ordnance wascaptured, including a
brass field piece taken from the Texan expedition filled out
against .Santa Fe some years since. It is understood Gen.
Kerney, with a small forceis about to leave Snnia Fe"
forTi few days on an excursion to sdme of the principal
places in the territory, and may conclude to establish a
military post below or npar the Rio Grande."
Gen. Kearney has been proclaimed Governor of the
Negociations with Mexico. Th&Unfon contra-dicls-the
report lately circulated in the Baltimore papers,
"that JMyco"refJfsedjo negociale unless our army should
hs wTthfJrawntfrom thft Mexican tprritorv. Thnt nnnpr
rn iiliiiw r "71 ,'- J
IbayshejGovernment of that Republic (Mexico) has de
termined to refer the Presidents overture to open i ego-
ciations for peaceto"the constituent Congress of Mexico,
which will be-assembled in the beginning of December,
(wetSeItevtbe6tb)"- The Union adds:
'ShalPwe ask, then, what is our own doty ? Can
any1Kari5fense hesitate to advise the most spirited and
yigorous-prosecolion of the war on our part Westand
lauhis predicament: We have incurred great expenst's:
in sending our troops into Mexico. They ar "advancing
westwardiy in three lines. T'nere is- every reason to
believe lhat'Cen. Kearney is already in possession olSan-ta-Fejithat
Geiu Taylorus nowot vulilbc- ina Ify dajs,
at Monterey, and perhaps at Sakilloj and that Gr n Wool
will be at Chihuahua by the 10th or 15tb of October.
Shall wethen fold our arms, and relinquish one of the Bd
vantages which we rnay have oblatnt-d? On the contra-
"ry, shall we not prosecute our victories, and makeoddi
tionai conquests towards California, and towards, the
capital of Mexico itself? By the time that this dilatory
diplomacy can be assumed by thp constituent Congress,
weoughtto be, in possession ola largepoition id the whole
country. So far Irom ffrttering4away the means which
are in our hands, weshould turn trum to the best account,
and open the negotiation with.oll the advantages we ran
SfoMltnfrSr ftiefftfiariTad nnlnnlaort finiTA rpppnllw flr-
. UV..H...VI ,. v..o...feVV. ,ft,.ft.Uftft.ft..U M .- J
'rJjredTfoa.Montereyy They report that all the Texian
volunteers excepithose unde't the command of Uolr Hays,
were discharged immediately after the battle of Monterey,
and most of them are returning to their homes. Many of
the -volunteers under the command of CoL Hays have
been discharged it is said on a furlough for sixty'days.
The correspondent ofthe N. Y. Journal of Commerce
says: uThe Administration have, after full deliberation,
determined upon a line of operations against Mexico,
which is to be immediately pursued, and with the greatest
vigor and energy that it may be able to exert. "
"I wa3 corjjct in my suggestion that it has been decid
ed to lake posMsion of Tampico, with a view to facilitate
the operations ofthe army of invasion." .
If we were at war with any other country than
Mexico, it would be veiy improper to publish such state-
ments: but the Mexicans will probably derive no more
benefit from the information that an attack is soon to ba
made upon Tampico, than they would from the inforraa-
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Moore, Francis, Jr. Democratic Telegraph and Texas Register (Houston, Tex.), Vol. 11, No. 42, Ed. 1, Wednesday, October 21, 1846, newspaper, October 21, 1846; Houston, Texas. (texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth48429/m1/2/: accessed October 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, texashistory.unt.edu; crediting The Dolph Briscoe Center for American History.